Large breeds of puppies
Large breed dog puppies need a diet. enriched with protein and calcium for muscle growth and a healthy skeleton. Their development occurs in leaps and bounds, at the age of six months they look more like ugly ducklings, and not adult dogs. The heart muscle also requires special nutrition, which must receive all the necessary elements for further uninterrupted work.
|Age / weight of the dog||Super premium diet, value 400 kcal (for example, Grandorf)||Economy food, value 300 kcal (for example, Pedigri)|
|1-3 (5 to 70 kg)||50-220 gr||400 g|
|3-4 (from 25 to 70 kg)||230-330 gr||450-530 gr|
|4-6 (from 25 to 70 kg)||260-500 gr||550-600 gr|
|6-12 (from 25 kg)||250-800 gr||650-900 gr|
Rules for soaking dry food
If, for some reason, the rate of dry food is soaked, it is recommended to adhere to the rules:
- use clean drinking water (bottled or filtered), but not boiled. Temperature. 40 C o;
- the ratio of liquid to dry product depends on the preferences and age of the dog, the manufacturer’s recommendations. Possible ratios (water: feed). 1: 2, 1: 3;
- in addition to water, you can use low-fat dairy products. yogurt or kefir. The thinner should not be sweet, room temperature;
- the daily feed rate is not increased or decreased. Only the consistency of the portion changes.
Important: the soaked dry food should be eaten within 2-3 hours. At any temperature, such food quickly sours and is inseminated by bacterial flora.
If fermented milk products are used, you must carefully monitor the animal’s stool. A slight liquefaction that passes quickly should not cause alarm. If diarrhea persists for a long time, it is necessary to cancel the milling of dry food and consult a veterinarian.
The manufacturer can set a limit on the maceration of dry pellets, which must be marked on the feed packaging.
Why is underfeeding bad?
If exceeding the norm threatens obesity, then what’s wrong with underfeeding? A deficiency of nutrients that the dog does not receive from the daily diet will have a bad effect on the dog’s health. the bones of the animal and internal organs will suffer. This is especially true for pregnant and lactating bitches. Underfeeding is dangerous for a puppy or a newly born bitch.
During the period of feeding the puppies, the feeding rate is increased. in this case, the food can be left in the animal’s bowl without restriction. Even if she eats 200% of her daily value, that’s okay. Malnutrition threatens not only the deterioration of the health of the tailed mother, but also of the puppies, since the quality of milk decreases.
Important: if during the feeding period the bitch cannot eat a lot of food, while she is losing weight, it is worth consulting a specialist. It would be better to transfer the animal to a more high-calorie type of dry food.
Daily feed rate for adult dogs
|Normal dog weight (kg)||The rate of dry granules per day (g) with normal activity||The norm with high activity of the animal (in g)|
|45||510 50 g / 5 kg weight||800 100 gr \ 5 kg weight|
For a pregnant bitch, the daily allowance of an adult dog (by weight) is increased by 25-50%, depending on appetite, in consultation with a veterinarian. It may be worth ditching the food for adult dogs and using the diet for puppies. A portion of such food is calculated according to the rule: the daily rate of an adult healthy individual with a normal activity of 25-50%.
There are average feeding rates, according to which the daily dose is divided by the number of feedings. Most often, such a standard is indicated in grams or in the number of measuring cups. 1 measuring cup = 240 ml (about 100 grams).
If necessary, dry granules can be softened with liquid: for puppies under 4 months of age, for older dogs or with gastrointestinal problems.
I do it with different liquids depending on the dog’s preference.
You should not prepare a large portion of soaked feed so as not to throw out an expensive product. Experts note that in the warm season, many animals refuse the softened product, preferring to drink dry granules with water.
How to calculate your dog’s daily food intake
Choosing a dry diet as the main food for dogs is a convenient, practical and affordable option that will simplify the life of the owner and keep the pet healthy. It would seem that everything is simple, you just need to read on the packaging how much food to give to the dog, measure out the required amount of dry granules and pour them into a bowl. In fact, many problems and questions arise. From the article you will learn: how the daily intake depends on the energy value and the class of food, what to do if the dog does not eat the recommended portion, how much water is needed and when it is necessary to reconsider the amount of food given to the dog.
- Feed your dog only ready-to-eat foods or use a mixed diet?
- Why do you need to determine the norm?
- How to calculate the rate of pet food
- Types of dog food
- Dry food
- Rules for soaking dry food
- Wet food
- Daily feed for puppies
- Small breeds of puppies
- Large breeds of puppies
- Daily feed rate for adult dogs
- Daily allowance for senior dogs
- How much water does a dog need when eating dry food?
- If the dog is not eating enough dry food
- Why is underfeeding bad?
- Briefly about the main
How much should you really be feeding your puppy
How much water does a dog need when eating dry food?
Water is the basis for proper digestion and metabolism. In order for the dog’s body to receive all the necessary substances from their dry food, the rules for providing it with water must be strictly observed:
- The daily amount of water depends on the weight of the dog and the consumed portion of dry food;
- For 1 kg of animal weight, about 40-60 ml of water is required;
- Puppies need more liquid. about 80-100 ml per kg;
- Watch the behavior of the pet. when eating exclusively by drying, he may need more water than the norm;
- If the ambient temperature drops below 20, the dog may reduce fluid intake.
A bowl of clean, fresh water should always be available to the dog. Watch your fluid intake. deviations from normal behavior should alert you, this is the reason for seeking medical attention. Stay hydrated!
Soft canned food has exactly the same class division as dry food. This means. the higher the class of the feed, the greater its energy and nutritional value, which means that less of it will be needed to saturate.
Nevertheless, it is not recommended to transfer the animal completely to feeding with canned foods. soft food can provoke problems with the gastrointestinal tract, constipation or loose stools, the risk of tartar formation increases, since there is no mechanical cleaning of dental plaque.
How to feed properly?
In order not to overfeed the puppy, you need to follow a few rules.
- It is necessary to feed at the same time so that the body gets used to the daily routine. It will also help to avoid stomach enlargement, and subsequently obesity. With this mode, it will be easier to train the puppy to the toilet, and the pet should be walked after each meal in 15 minutes.
- If the puppy has been eating a certain food before you, then you should not immediately transfer it to another. give it time to adapt. The first week should be fed with the products to which he is accustomed. Then gradually add ¼ of the new feed to the serving (increase the amount of the new feed in relation to the old one during the week). And only after that you can completely switch to another diet. It is advisable to add new feed in a separate bowl.
- If the puppy has never eaten dry food, then in the first days of feeding, you can soak it a little. Not all pets can eat dry food with pleasure, therefore, in order for the body to calmly accept food and not have problems with digestion, a couple of minutes before feeding, you can pour dry granules with warm water so that they have time to absorb water. If in this form the puppy did not finish the food, then it is better to put it in the refrigerator, because it spoils when soaked.
- There should always be clean drinking water. Due to the abundant consumption of dry food, a lack of fluid may appear, which will lead to metabolic disorders, and against this background a number of diseases arise. Ensure that the water bowl is always filled with sufficient quantity.
- If the pet has not finished eating or touched the bowl at all, then remove the food. The next feed will be on schedule. never feed earlier or in large quantities. But if the refusals to eat continue, then you should revise the feeding schedule or contact the veterinarian. perhaps the pet is simply sick.
- It is undesirable to mix different types of feed. It can be bad for your pet.
- If the puppy has not yet completely switched to dry food, then it is best to observe him while eating. Usually 10 minutes is enough for him to eat. But if during this time all the food disappears and the bowl is licked, then this amount is not enough. you need to slightly increase the dosage. If there is food left in the bowl, then this is too much and it is necessary to reduce the amount of food.
In order for your pet to always be cheerful and healthy, you cannot ignore the rules, and at first you should observe the preferences and reactions when eating.
How to calculate the daily rate?
At first, this question torments many good owners, because you don’t want to feed your pet or keep him constantly hungry. But before you start calculating the daily allowance for a pet, you should familiarize yourself with the features of using dry food.
The benefits of dry food are clear.
- Convenience for the owner. There is no need to cook daily for the animal and calculate the rate of each dish.
- Good nutrition. Most dry foods contain all the nutrients a dog needs, saving the owner the expense and expense of going to the vet.
- Diversity. If the pet needs special food, then it can be found among the variety of foods.
- Saving money and time. When using dry food, it becomes possible to save money on food, because the portion of food will clearly differ in both quantity and price in comparison with the food prepared by the owner.
Many dry food breeders worry that their pet’s diet is monotonous. In this regard, sometimes they “dilute” the pet’s menu with homemade food, relying that they do it well for the dog, but often this is not the case. This feeding has consequences.
- If you mix feed with meat, then there will be an excess of protein. This affects the kidneys, as a result of which the pet may develop renal failure and allergies.
- If you mix food with fish, then you cannot avoid a large amount of phosphorus in the body. In this case, the reproductive system of the animal will suffer, primarily the urinary system: stones are formed that adversely affect the liver and intestines. Hemoglobin in the blood also decreases, which leads to a weakening of the immune system and subsequently small hemorrhages. Bones begin to weaken, causing the dog to be prone to multiple fractures.
- If you mix food with porridge, you get an excess of carbohydrates. This leads to excess weight, due to which other problems arise, such as: obesity, heart problems, excessive appetite.
- The mixed type of feeding also badly affects the stomach, so gastritis is inevitable.
If there is a desire to somehow diversify the puppy’s menu, then it is better to switch to separate meals. You can safely give both meat and fish, vegetables, fruits, it just should be in reasonable quantities and not be mixed with dry food.
When using this or that type of food, the daily rate should be calculated. It is not difficult to do this with natural products, because each of them has its own energy value. Calculating the daily value of dry food is even easier, because it is divided into classes, for each of which this indicator is also known.
There are four classes of dry food
- Economy Energy value. 260-300 Kcal. The composition of such a feed contains the cheapest foodstuffs, or rather, leftover meat. This class of food will help to save your budget, but the dog’s body will be “like”, because there are practically no vitamins, minerals and carbohydrates in it.
- Premium. Energy value 310-350 Kcal. Many pedigree dogs are allergic, so it is recommended to take at least premium food. The composition contains the necessary vitamins in small quantities, the amount of proteins is significantly increased.
- Super premium. Energy value. 350-450 Kcal. It is considered a complete balanced diet. This class includes proteins, carbohydrates, fiber, oils and fats, as well as a vitamin and mineral complex. Thanks to this combination, the pet will not only receive all the necessary substances, but also feel great.
- Holistic. Energy value. 350-450 Kcal. Made exclusively from natural products. Such food is comparable to human food in terms of its ingredients.
In order to determine the daily food intake for a puppy, you need to know its weight and calculate its daily activity so that calories are restored in a balanced way. The table below shows the daily serving size for a moderately active pet. If the pet is less active, then the rate should be slightly reduced, if more active, then, on the contrary, increase. (Decrease and increase is in the range of /. 15 g).
Daily feeding rate depending on the weight of the pet:
If it is not possible to determine the class of dry food that the pet consumes, then you should pay attention to the packaging. Usually, it indicates the energy value and useful nutrients per 100 grams. It is imperative to familiarize yourself with the packaging, because the grammar can sometimes differ from the table given. It is important to know the amount of Kcal that a puppy needs to receive per day, and already from this you can build on when determining the number and weight of portions.
Number of Kcal for a puppy per day:
After determining the daily intake of nutrients for a pet, you should figure out how many times a day you need to feed it.
How many times a day to give?
You need to calculate the number of feedings per day depending on the breed and age of the dog. And it is better to give food to the pet at a certain time and a certain number of times, then the pet will get used to the diet, and there will be no digestive problems. The time intervals between feedings should be left approximately equal and have your own regimen in mind, so that the owner or the one who will feed the dog has the opportunity to do it regularly. It is also worth noting that puppies need to be fed more times per day than adult dogs.
Number of puppy feeds:
We must not forget that the regimen for the pet is a very important component, therefore it is not recommended to constantly change the number of feedings. It is advisable to immediately calculate the correct dosage of feed per day. After reading the data on the package, calculating the required amount of Kcal per day for the pet and understanding how many times it will be necessary to feed the puppy, you should proceed to calculating the amount of portions. This indicator per day will depend on the age, weight and activity of the pet.
The table below shows the possible daily feed intake for moderately active puppies. Depending on the feed, the gramme may vary compared to the table.
Daily feed for puppies (in grams):
|Puppy age (months)|
|from 2 months||49||64||79||93||103||113||124||146||163||182||192||200||215||231|
|from 3 months||55||72||88||105||110||132||145||171||192||214||226||236||257||277|
|from 4 months||56||75||92||110||125||131||153||183||205||230||242||254||276||298|
|from 5 months||56||75||93||110||126||142||156||185||208||234||246||259||282||306|
|from 6 months||48||69||84||one hundred||125||141||155||184||207||233||247||258||282||306|
|from 7 months||41||62||76||90||113||127||140||167||188||217||229||240||263||285|
|from 8 months||40||55||67||80||101||114||126||147||169||202||213||224||245||266|
|from 9 months||40||54||67||79||90||101||112||133||151||185||195||205||224||242|
|from 10 months||40||54||66||78||89||one hundred||111||132||149||168||176||186||203||221|
If the pet is too active, for example: a sports dog or a service dog, then the calculation of the feed rate changes slightly. You need to add another 1/3 to the standard portion, while you should not increase or decrease the number of feedings. Otherwise, the puppy will be overfeeding or, conversely, there will be a lack of nutrients, and to prevent this from happening, it is advisable to familiarize yourself with the feeding rules.
The norm of dry food for puppies: calculation table, frequency rate and feeding rules
When a puppy appears in the house, many questions immediately arise regarding caring for him, the main of which is feeding. Dog owners in this matter are divided into two camps: some are categorically against dry food, while others, on the contrary, believe that it has all the necessary nutrients for a pet. Supporters of ready-made meals should familiarize themselves with the features of this food and learn how to calculate the daily allowance for a pet.
What to do if you don’t eat enough?
The fact that the pet does not gorge itself can be understood by a quickly eaten portion and a licked bowl or by the state of the dog shortly before a new meal: it can be lazy, exhausted and expect feeding. In this case, there may be different solutions:
- first, you should once again familiarize yourself with the packaging of the feed: each variety has its own dosage, based on age and weight category;
- if the information on the package did not help, then you can find another feed, maybe this is the point;
- if it’s not about the food, then the feeding schedule and daily allowance should be revised, perhaps the dog leads a more active life than was originally calculated.
But if the problems still cannot be solved (there are difficulties in choosing food or it is not possible to calculate the daily rate), then it is better to contact a specialist, because it is necessary to accustom the pet to proper nutrition from the very beginning.
For information on how to feed a puppy correctly, see the next video.
Features of feed of different classes
If you are determined to keep your pet on an industrial diet, it is important to consider the characteristics of different food classes. For convenience, the feed is divided into four classes: economy, premium, super premium and holistic. Let’s take a quick look at the main differences.
Holistic food is considered to be of the highest quality, since it is made from products that are suitable for human consumption. Naturally, the cost of holistic feed is the highest.
Generally accepted norms of guaranteed indicators for forages of holistic class:
- Proteins. from 32%
- Fats. from 15%.
- Fiber (fiber). from 4%.
- Moisture. up to 8%.
- Energy value 400-450 kcal per 100 g.
As part of the holistic class, most often only daily rations for dogs of different ages and sizes are produced. Holistic class feed can be grain-free and grain-free.
Super premium food is considered the optimal choice for daily feeding of pets. Unlike premium, super premium feed is characterized as fully balanced and fortified.
Guaranteed values for super premium feed:
- Proteins. from 28%.
- Fats. from 13%.
- Fiber (fiber). from 3.5%.
- Moisture. up to 10%.
- Energy value 350-400 kcal per 100 g.
The super-premium line is the most numerous; within the class, daily, therapeutic and prophylactic feeds are produced.
Premium food is suitable for keeping adults, healthy and fairly active animals. The main disadvantage of the premium class is plant proteins and increased fat content.
Indicators for premium feed:
- Proteins. from 25%
- Fats. from 12%.
- Fiber (fiber). from 3%.
- Moisture. up to 12%.
- Energy value 300-350 kcal per 100 g.
Premium feeds can vary significantly in quality and price, depending on the composition. For example, premium feeds that do not contain maize are a smarter choice, but they are more expensive.
Economy class feeds have the only advantage. a relatively low price. Practice shows that the economy segment is more recognizable and sold through aggressive advertising campaigns that deceive consumers. Economy class feed does not contain meat, at best it contains offal and / or meat and bone meal.
Indicators for feed economy classes:
- Proteins. from 20%.
- Fats. from 11%.
- Fiber (fiber). from 2%.
- Moisture. up to 15%.
- Energy value up to 300 kcal per 100 g.
Economy class food is not recommended for keeping adult animals and puppies. Against the background of a poor composition, such products contain salts, preservatives, dyes and flavor enhancers. Due to the abundant cereal content, the dog quickly gains weight and suffers from a lack of protein. In addition, the economy class feed does not contain essential vitamins and minerals.
How to correctly measure your puppy’s weight?
Knowing your puppy’s exact weight is essential to make sure you have the correct diet and daily feed allowance. In addition, the dynamics of weight gain is one of the main factors by which the development of a pet is monitored.
How to correctly measure the weight of a puppy? There are several ways:
- Miniature puppies can be weighed on a kitchen scale.
- Puppies weighing up to 15 kg can be weighed using hand scales (steelyard), after placing the baby in a sturdy bag.
- Puppies weighing more than 20 kg are weighed as follows: the owner stands on the scale to find out his own weight. After, the owner picks up the puppy and weighs with him. The difference between the indicators is the weight of the puppy.
Tip: Until the puppy is 8-10 months old, ask your veterinarian to weigh your pet at every clinic visit.
Feeding rates for canned food
Wet and dry food from the same line practically does not differ in composition. Contrary to popular belief, wet foods are not richer or healthier foods. On the contrary, they contain more water and less protein.
Feeding rates for canned food vary greatly, depending on the class and brand. When choosing a daily rate, please note that there is a table with recommended rates on each can of feed. Usually, the table takes into account the age, weight and activity of the puppy.
Causes and dangers of overeating in puppies
A common mistake many owners make is overfeeding the puppy. No one disputes the fact that a puppy’s body needs are much higher than that of an adult dog, but overeating is dangerous at any age.
The following factors should be considered when formulating the diet: age, weight, potential size and breed characteristics of the puppy. If the daily ration divided by the number of meals is not enough for some reason and the puppy looks hungry, it is necessary to establish the reason for the increased needs.
A perverse appetite can be caused by:
- Worm infestation is a universal phenomenon in puppies taken from the street and bought on the market. Puppies from nurseries can also be charged with worms, since some parasites are transmitted to babies with mother’s milk.
- Avitaminosis. observed in puppies that are weaned from their mother early, did not eat well, are infected with worms.
- Dysbacteriosis is a common occurrence in puppies that have been artificially fed or have received insufficient amount of breast milk.
- Psychological reasons. overeating can be triggered by hunger, which the puppy suffered while living on the street or in violation of the conditions of detention.
The dangers of overeating are multifaceted, and their consequences are impossible to predict. The first and most obvious threat is weight gain. Obesity in puppyhood can be detrimental to joint and heart development. Excessive stress on the intestines from overeating can cause volvulus, as the ligaments that support the organ are constantly stretched.
Frequency of feeding puppies
In order not to overfeed the puppy, the daily allowance must be divided into equal parts, depending on the frequency of feeding. The frequency of feeding puppies depends on age:
- 1-2 months. 6 times a day. only wet feed.
- 2-3 months. 5 times a day. only wet feed; for large breed puppies, a mixture of wet and dry soaked food.
- 3-6 months. 4 times a day. a mixture of soaked dry food pellets and wet food.
- 6–12 months. 3 times a day. a mixture of soaked dry and wet food before changing teeth; after changing teeth 50–75% dry and 25–50% wet food.
- 12–36 months. puppies of large and giant breeds eat 2-3 times a day; adult medium and small dogs eat 2 times a day.
Note! Difficulties arise when compiling a diet for puppies of large and giant breeds. If you are not sure of the correct calculation of the calorie content of the diet, instead of 1-2 meals, give the puppy a light snack. fermented milk products, vegetables, broth.
When compiling a diet, it is important to take into account the calorie content of the treats that the dog receives. In addition, all liquids other than water and natural vegetable juices are considered food.
How many grams of food to give a puppy: dry and wet feeding rates
One of the key aspects of raising a healthy dog is proper nutrition. How to calculate correctly how many grams of food to give a puppy? Traditionally, daily feed intake is based on the weight of the dog, but for puppies, developmental stage is also important. With an industrial ration, it is necessary to take into account the characteristics of feeds of different classes.
How to tell if a puppy is fed?
Many owners feed puppies just because they cannot determine if the baby is full. Let’s figure out how to tell if a puppy is fed. The algorithm is as follows. fill a bowl, place it in front of the puppy and bake for 20 minutes:
- If the puppy has eaten the entire serving and licked the bowl before 20 minutes and looks hungry. the portion is too small.
- If the puppy hasn’t finished eating within 20 minutes, the portion is too large.
You can be sure that you are correctly calculating the daily feed requirement if the puppy eats hastily during the first 5 minutes of the meal. Then, within 10-15 minutes, slowly eats a portion.
How many times a day to feed the dog
The number of feedings depends on the age of the animal, as well as the total amount of feed. The norm is calculated individually for each dog, there are only general recommendations that can be guided by, but no one except the owner can say exactly how much food a dog needs. The animal should not independently decide when and how much to eat. Free feeding is unacceptable, because it threatens obesity, fastidiousness.
It is better to feed according to the schedule, for example, give 2/3 of the daily allowance in the morning, and the rest in the evening. By the way, dogs tend to sleep after eating and, knowing this feature, you can use it. If the pet stays at home alone while the owner is at work, then having eaten a large portion in the morning, the animal will probably devote most of the day to sleep.
How much natural food to give your dog
The amount of natural food depends on the body weight of the animal. So, up to 6 months, the puppy should be given food (natural feeding) in the amount of 5-7% of the puppy’s weight. For example, a puppy weighs 10 kg, and 7% of its weight. it is 700 grams. The calculated daily allowance should be divided into two equal parts, of which half of the diet will be meat with offal, and the other half. fermented milk products (10%), such as cottage cheese, low-fat kefir, cereals (30%) and vegetables (10%). To calculate the correct portion of meat, you need to multiply 1 kilogram of the dog’s weight by 30-40 grams of meat. After 6 months, the volume of food is halved and the daily rate is already calculated as follows: 3.5% of the weight of the animal.
Large breed puppies need to be fed in small portions, as rapid weight gain causes various problems with the musculoskeletal system.
How much dry food to give the dog
Difficulties with determining the daily volume of dry food should not arise, because the packaging usually has a table where the feeding rates are indicated depending on the weight and age of the animal. However, some dogs require more or less food depending on their lifestyle, for example, inactive dogs have a smaller portion, and sports dogs. increase. Elderly dogs, as well as animals prone to obesity, need to reduce the amount of food. But you should start feeding with dry food exactly from the specified rate, and then, observing the pet, determine the required volume of the daily portion.
The amount of dry food depends on its class. It is known that super-premium food is more concentrated and needs less to saturate and get the necessary nutrients for a dog, and economy class food requires 100-200 grams more.
Dry food for small but stocky breeds such as pugs is low in protein and fat. When choosing food and determining the portion, you should consider:
- animal protein, which must be at least 18% for adult dogs and 22% for puppies;
- fat, which should be at least 5% in the daily diet of adult dogs.
Be sure to have fresh water freely available, at least 1 liter per 500 grams of dry food.
The number of feedings depending on the age of the dog
|Up to 3-4 weeks||Puppies are not weaned from their mother, they feed on breast milk as much as they want.|
|From 3-4 weeks||Puppies begin to get used to solid food, they are fed 5 times a day every 3-4 hours, and large breed puppies are fed 4 times a day.|
|From 2 months||3-4 times a day|
|From 3 to 6 months||3 times a day|
|From 6 months||2 times a day|
|From 12 months||1-2 times a day|
It is enough to feed adult dogs 1-2 times a day. For example, a large breed dog needs up to 1 kilogram of food per day, but it is advisable to divide this amount into two parts and feed the pet twice a day. A medium sized dog can be fed once a day.
If a meal was skipped for any reason, then you cannot increase the next portion. The pet will not die of hunger, but it can easily overeat.
How much food to give a dog per day
The amount of food for a dog depends on criteria such as the physiological state of the animal, level of activity, breed, age, living conditions.
So, for example, the volume of a portion of food will increase or decrease depending on whether the pet lives in a warm place or on the street, he is sick or healthy, as well as from pregnancy, old age.
The amount of food for a puppy will vary depending on its size, activity, and metabolism. Overfeeding puppies can lead to deformation of bones and other health problems.
The energy requirements of active dogs are higher, so they need nutritious food, more nutritious. However, keep in mind that increasing the nutritional value of the feed does not mean increasing the amount of food. By the way, you cannot feed active pets immediately before and immediately after training. To satisfy hunger, you can give your pet treats during training and do not limit access to fresh water.
In older pets, activity decreases, therefore, they need to reduce the calorie content of food, but the volume of the daily portion can be left the same.
Your dog’s appetite may change, and this is not a reason to decrease or increase the portion each time. However, loss of appetite that lasts for several days and is accompanied by symptoms of the disease should be a reason for visiting a veterinarian.
How to tell if your dog has enough food
Overfeeding, like underfeeding, is hazardous to the health of the animal. Therefore, it is important to be able to determine the daily amount of food, and for this you need to observe the animal. His behavior will tell you whether you need to increase or decrease the daily portion.
Reducing the amount of food should be in cases where the pet chooses food from the bowl without eating certain foods, and after feeding refuses additional treats. The dog should eat all offered food without asking for supplements. If part of the food remains in the bowl, then it is advisable to reduce its amount.
There are situations in which the pet eats every last crumb, but weight gain is observed. In such situations, you should also reduce the portion.
If the dog eats everything and takes what is given as an additional treat, and then walks around and sniffs out food, then most likely he is malnourished and the portion needs to be increased.
After eating, the animal should remain hungry, satiety comes later, and if we take into account that animals quickly absorb food, then until satiety they can eat a few more servings. Therefore, you should not strive to feed the pet until the moment when he himself refuses to eat.
The normal weight of a pet is checked by its appearance, as well as by the weight values in the breed standard, which can be guided by. In a dog of normal weight, the ribs are palpable, but at the same time they should not be visible to the eye; the belly is tucked up, but the dog should not look skinny; when viewed from above, the abdomen is narrower in comparison with the ribcage (starting from the last ribs).
Servings according to the size of the dog
As already noted, the serving size depends on the energy nutritional value of the finished diet, as well as how much the pet weighs:
- Representatives of large breeds, the mass of which starts from 40 kg, consume an average of a pound of dry premium granules per day, and economical feed will require 700-800 g.
- Average dogs, weighing from 12 to 40 kg, eat about 350-450 grams per day. food related to the premium class and 550-650 grams of the economy diet.
- Small dogs, the maximum weight of which is 12 kg, eat from 150 to 300 grams of high quality feed and 350-400 g of economy food per day.
Of course, a portion of the highest quality food will be much smaller due to its nutritional value. This most owners think that more expensive feeds actually turn out to be much more profitable. Usually, having calculated the daily dose of food, the owner needs to distribute it into several equal portions, depending on the number of feedings: it can be one, two or three meals a day.
The scales used by housewives in the kitchen will help to measure the most accurate dosage. Some feeds come with special measuring containers. containers or glasses. In their absence, you have to measure “by eye”. A tablespoon can act as a measuring container. on average, 100 grams of granules is three spoons. The approximate norm is 2 tablespoons of granules per kilogram of pet’s weight. But in any case, these are averaged data that need individual adjustment.
The daily portion of food usually decreases in the summer, this applies to representatives of all breeds. But do not forget that you will need to return to standard dosage when it gets colder. For service or overly active dogs, the portion of food should be increased by an average of 25%. This is also necessary for pets participating in competitions and all sorts of shows. Another category of dogs in need of compulsory enhanced nutrition is pregnant and lactating bitches.
Puppies deserve special attention. When they grow intensively (this period is 4-7 months), they need to be fed more than an adult pet. In this case, the portion is increased, as a rule, 2 times.
It is important to remember that dogs that eat production diets need constant access to drinking water.
How much dry food to give the dog
Many dog owners are faced with the question of how much dry food to give a dog per day so that it is full and does not overeat. This is all the more important when the dog is prone to obesity and health problems. The norm exists, it depends on what breed of dog, how active he is, and what age category he belongs to.
Calorie intake varies by feed grade
The portion size is influenced by the feed grade. After all, the more expensive the food, the higher its nutritional value:
Pet care. How Much Food Should I Feed | Dog Food | Puppy’s | Dog’s? BholaShola | Harwinder Singh
- Economy class feed. This type of product has the lowest energy value, so the daily portion will be the maximum. This is due to the fact that such products are made from inferior quality by-products and cereals, and natural meat is not added to them. Caloric content is about 280-320 Kcal.
- Premium dry food. Due to the meat included in the composition, they have a higher nutritional value. 300-380 Kcal. This indicates that the portion will be smaller.
- Super premium diets. They are considered the optimal daily food for pets of all breeds. They are based on the meat part, and cereals are practically not used in their manufacture. If we talk about their energy value, then it is about 400-450 Kcal.
- Nutrition is holistic. One of the new directions in the manufacture of industrial animal feed. Their ingredients are foods suitable for human consumption. The meat portion in the feed is over 60%, which indicates their high nutritional value. These are the most expensive foods, but at the same time the portion of food is much smaller than that of other diets.
But whatever food the owner chooses, there is a hint for him on the package. A table is always printed here, according to which you can calculate the individual portion based on the weight of the dog. And since manufacturers use different products, the rate will, accordingly, be different.
How many times to feed the puppy dry food?
A puppy aged 1.5–3 months needs at least 4–5 feedings per day. The daily allowance is divided into equal portions and given out during the day according to the schedule. If the baby does not eat everything offered, the bowl is removed until the next feeding. It should not be earlier than usual, and should be given the rate that you calculated in accordance with age, weight and breed.
From 3 months, the number of meals is gradually reduced. By six months, three feedings are enough for a dog, and by 10-12 months. two. However, how many times to feed your puppy also depends on the breed (future size of the dog). In representatives of large and giant breeds, the period of active growth lasts longer than in their miniature peers, so such dogs can adhere to three meals a day for up to 15-18 months.
How much dry food to give the puppy?
In the first year of life, dogs grow and develop very quickly. For example, St. Bernard is able to increase its mass from birth to 12 months by 100 (!) And more times. Diet errors in such a crucial period can have a tremendous impact on the appearance and health of the animal in the future. Both underfeeding and excess food can lead to negative consequences.
How much dry food a puppy needs per day depends on its age and breed. In the recommendations for Orijen and Acana products, we see that the norm directly depends on such an indicator as the expected weight of an adult dog. When it comes to a thoroughbred pet, the breed standard will help you find out this figure.
If your dog cannot boast of a noble parentage, look at his parents. Most likely, he will grow up to be about the same as they.
When a puppy is found on the street, it is more difficult to predict its future size. Ask the doctor at the veterinary clinic about this: he will determine the age of the baby by the teeth and say his approximate “adult” weight. If you cannot visit a doctor, be guided by the average parameters of mongrels in the urban population. 20-40 kg.
An example of dry food for dogs of all ages
Take the versatile Acana Grassland Dog with poultry, northern pike and lamb as an example. Let’s calculate how much dry food you need to give a Pomeranian puppy at the age of 3 months.
The adult norm for representatives of this breed with high physical activity is 40 grams. Add 25% to it:
Do not forget that this is the amount of food per day, and not for one meal.
How much dry food does a puppy need per day??
The Orijen Dogs and Acana Dogs packages always show the puppy‘s daily feeding requirements. If dry food is for all age groups, you will find these recommendations at the bottom of the table. Let’s repeat them on this page:
- From 1.5 to 3 months, the baby is given a double rate of an adult dog of the corresponding breed;
- From 3 to 6 months. adult dosage 50%;
- From six months to 11 months. adult dosage 25%.
Special food for puppies
When using special diets marked with Puppy, the daily requirement is determined by the current puppy body weight and breed type. Consider Orijen Puppy Large Dog, a duck, turkey and ocean fish based product.
Let’s determine how much dry food a St. Bernard puppy needs if its current body weight is 10 kg. The expected adult weight of a dog of this breed is 80 kg. At the intersection of the target line and the corresponding column, we see the norm of 270 grams, which must be divided by the number of feedings.
When deciding how much dry food to give a puppy per day, take into account its individual characteristics and conditions of detention. In the winter season, animals that live or spend a lot of time outdoors spend more energy on warming, so their daily dosage can be increased.
If your pet does not gain weight well on a diet calculated according to all the rules, then after consulting a veterinarian, the amount of feed can be increased. And when the increase, on the contrary, is too large, it is worth adhering to the lower limit of the norm. Otherwise, the puppy is at risk of obesity, problems with the spine and joints due to excessive stress on the fragile skeleton.