Types of dog food
One of the most important indicators of dry food is its relation to a certain class and the energy value of such a diet. There are types of dry food:
|View||Energy value (Kcal / 100 g)||Composition||Recommendations||Example|
|Economy||250-300||Poor composition, based on cereals and corn. Contains aromatic additives and dyes. Needs a large serving to feed the dog.||Should not be used for permanent feeding of dogs. Requires the use of additional vitamin and mineral complexes.||Chappie, Oscar, Meal, Favorite, Our Brand, Protail, Darling, Pedigree.|
|Premium||300-350||Higher protein (about 20%), mainly due to offal and meat production waste. It contains vitamins and minerals, fiber.||Suitable for everyday nutrition, requires vitamin supplements, adjusted for the physiological condition of the dog.||Royal Canin, Brit Premium. Monge ,|
|Super premium||360-450||The most balanced diet, with a minimum m or complete replacement of cereals, a maximum m of meat (up to 75%). Full complex of vitamins and minerals.||Suitable for daily feeding of dogs, no additional feeding required.||Akana. Eukanuba, Grandorf.|
|Holistic||360-450||Difference from the super-premium class: the ingredients that make up the feed are approved for use in the human food industry.||Maximum Benefit Recommended for Dog Nutrition.||Landor, GO, Canidae, Grandin.|
The daily allowance is indicated by the manufacturer based on the normal physiological weight of the animal, not the actual one. If your dog weighs much more than the norm for a certain age, this is a reason to contact your veterinarian.
There are average feeding rates, according to which the daily dose is divided by the number of feedings. Most often, this standard is indicated in grams or in the number of measuring cups. 1 measuring cup = 240 ml (about 100 grams).
If necessary, dry granules can be softened with a liquid: for puppies under 4 months of age, for older dogs or with gastrointestinal problems.
I do it in different liquids depending on the dog’s preference.
You should not prepare a large portion of soaked feed, so as not to throw out an expensive product. Experts note that in the warm season, many animals refuse the softened product, preferring to drink dry granules with water.
Rules for soaking dry food
If, for some reason, the rate of dry food is soaked, it is recommended to adhere to the rules:
- Use clean drinking water (bottled or filtered), but not boiled. Temperature. 40 C o;
- The ratio of liquid to dry product depends on the preferences and age of the dog, the manufacturer’s recommendations. Possible ratios (water: feed). 1: 2, 1: 3;
- In addition to water, you can use low-fat dairy products. yogurt or kefir. The thinner should not be sweet, room temperature;
- The daily feed rate is not increased or decreased. Only the consistency of the portion changes.
Important: soaked dry food should be eaten within 2-3 hours. At any temperature, such food quickly sours and is inseminated by bacterial flora.
If fermented milk products are used, you must carefully monitor the animal’s stool. A slight liquefaction that passes quickly should not cause alarm. If diarrhea persists for a long time, it is necessary to cancel the milling of dry food and consult a veterinarian.
How to calculate your dog’s daily food intake
Choosing a dry diet as the main food for dogs is a convenient, practical and affordable option that will simplify the life of the owner and keep the pet healthy. It would seem that everything is simple, you just need to read on the packaging how much food to give to the dog, measure out the required amount of dry granules and pour them into a bowl. In fact, many problems and questions arise. From the article you will learn: how the daily intake depends on the energy value and the class of food, what to do if the dog does not eat the recommended portion, how much water is needed and when it is necessary to reconsider the amount of food given to the dog.
If the dog is not eating enough dry food
All these rather complex and sometimes inaccurate calculations are needed so that the dog does not starve and get the maximum of nutrients from the food consumed. Of course, if the dog constantly begs for sweets and food from the owner’s table, this does not mean that the portion of food is not enough for him. However, you should make sure that the offered portion is sufficient. Symptoms of a shortage may include:
- After feeding, the dog does not leave the bowl, freezes in anticipation of the addition;
- The dog has clearly visible ribs, pelvic bones and scapular edges;
- The hungry fossa is expressed;
- The fat layer is thin.
These signs indicate that the dog is underweight. This can be both a consequence of the disease, and insufficient nutritional value of the daily diet. In this case, the owner needs:
- Visit your veterinarian to ensure that your pet is not losing weight due to illness. For example, parasite infections;
- If the dog receives food of a super premium class or holistic, it is worth increasing the portion. Perhaps the physical activity of the animal has increased, the physiological state has changed, the cold season has come. all these are reasons to increase the proportion of dry granules in the bowl;
- If feeding occurs with a diet of a lower class, choose a higher quality, high-calorie and energy-rich dry food. It is better to select the option, buying it in small packages, in order to choose exactly the one that will please the dog;
- You can transfer the dog to a mixed diet according to the scheme: wet canned food, dry granules. Canned food is more nutritious and more likely to be liked by animals.
Why is underfeeding bad?
If exceeding the norm threatens obesity, then what’s wrong with underfeeding? A deficiency of nutrients that the dog does not receive from the daily diet will have a bad effect on the dog’s health. the bones of the animal and internal organs will suffer. This is especially true for pregnant and lactating bitches. Underfeeding is dangerous for a puppy or a newly born bitch.
During the period of feeding the puppies, the feeding rate is increased. in this case, the food can be left in the animal’s bowl without restriction. Even if she eats 200% of her daily value, that’s okay. Malnutrition threatens not only a deterioration in the health of the tailed mother, but also of the puppies, since the quality of milk decreases.
How much water does a dog need when eating dry food?
Water is the basis for proper digestion and metabolism. In order for the dog’s body to receive all the necessary substances from their dry food, the rules for providing it with water must be strictly observed:
- The daily amount of water depends on the weight of the dog and the consumed portion of dry food;
- For 1 kg of animal weight, about 40-60 ml of water is required;
- Puppies need more liquid. about 80-100 ml per kg;
- Watch the behavior of the pet. when feeding exclusively on drying, it may need more water than normal;
- If the ambient temperature drops below 20, the dog may reduce fluid intake.
Daily feed for puppies
|Puppy age (month)||Number of meals per day||Daily norm of kcal per 1 kg of body weight in|
|Up to 1||6||220-250|
Daily feed rate for adult dogs
|Normal dog weight (kg)||The rate of dry granules per day (g) with normal activity||Norm at high activity of the animal (in g)|
|45||510 50 g / 5 kg weight||800 100 gr \ 5 kg weight|
For a pregnant bitch, the daily norm of an adult dog (by weight) is increased by 25-50%, depending on appetite, in consultation with a veterinarian. It may be worth ditching food for adult dogs and using a puppy diet. A portion of such food is calculated according to the rule: the daily rate of an adult healthy individual with a normal activity of 25-50%.
Recommended amount of feed
You can find a Feeding Chart on each package as well as on the product pages on our website. After studying it, you will understand how many grams of dry food to give a dog so that it is not hungry, but also does not overeat. Take Orijen Original Dog as an example.
In addition to weight, the recommendations provide for such a criterion as activity. If your pet has a minimum of physical activity (one hour per day or less), feed it according to the data in the “Reduced activity” column. For example, a dog weighing 10 kg, which lives in an apartment and walks twice a day for 20-30 minutes, will only need 120 grams of the specified product. If your pet runs and trains a lot, feel free to choose the “Increased activity” option.
Moderation and control
To find out how much dry food to give a dog a day, it is most correct to act empirically: weigh it regularly and, depending on the results obtained, adjust the diet in one direction or another. However, the owner in any case needs a starting point. the amount of feed in grams from which he will start. For this, Acana specialists have developed feeding norms that take into account the age, body weight, activity level and other characteristics of the animals.
When underfeeding is dangerous
During pregnancy and lactation, the energy and nutritional requirements of animals increase significantly. If your pet is expecting offspring, add 25-50% to her usual diet. And when she gives birth, food should not be limited at all. Leave it freely available and let the dog eat as much as he wants throughout lactation.
It is normal for a lactating bitch to eat 200% of her normal food intake. Malnutrition during this energy-intensive period is fraught with a decrease in the quality of milk and loss of health for a four-legged mother. If the dog is feeding puppies, but is unable to eat a large amount of food and is clearly losing weight, it is reasonable to switch it to a higher-calorie product, for example Orijen Puppy Dog, which contains 520 kcal per 120 g.
Young and old
Puppies need a lot of energy to develop and grow. Calculate daily allowances for them using the recommendations at the bottom of the table, or choose special puppy foods that are labeled Puppy based on weight and breed type.
Elderly animals (over 7 years old), on the contrary, tend to be overweight due to age-related slowdown in metabolism and decreased physical activity. In some Acana and Orijen lines, there are special dry foods marked Senior, taking into account the biological needs of this particular age category. If the dog is picky about food and is used to a different diet, you can stay on it, slightly lowering the usual rate.
How many times a day to feed?
Adult dogs are fed twice a day, half an hour after the walk. It is better to do this always at the same hours: for example, at 7.00 and 19.00. It is recommended to feed the puppies more often. 3-5 times a day, gradually reducing the number of feedings. By 10-12 months they will be ready to switch to “adult” mode.
Once you’ve decided how much dry food to feed your dog, divide the amount by the number of feedings. This will be a portion for one meal. It may seem to you that it is extremely small, but this is not at all true, because dry food is a concentrated product that practically does not contain moisture. While in meat, fish and wet canned food, moisture sometimes reaches 80-85%. It turns out that the portion volume when fed with natural food is increased by ordinary water, which animals, being on dry food, simply receive separately.
You need to measure dry food on a kitchen scale or using a measuring cup. If the dog has not eaten (or has not finished eating) the offered, the bowl is removed until the next feeding, which should take place at the proper time and in the usual amount.
How many grams of dry food to give a dog?
There are two fundamentally opposite approaches to feeding pets. Some owners scrupulously calculate the calorie content to the nearest gram, others pour granules into the bowl without regret, considering the pet’s appetite as the only guideline. The truth, as always, is somewhere in between: pharmaceutical scales are not required, but you cannot completely abandon control. After all, the lack of a framework in nutrition sooner or later leads to obesity and related problems.
When deciding how many grams of dry food to feed your dog, keep in mind that each animal is unique and throughout life its needs will vary depending on internal and external factors. For example, in the cold season, aviary dogs spend a lot of energy on maintaining a normal body temperature, which means they need an enhanced diet with an emphasis on “right” fats, that is, animal fats from quality sources. At the same time, apartment dogs, walking a little, do not need extra calories, which will invariably turn into body fat.
How much dry food to give the dog
Difficulties with determining the daily volume of dry food should not arise, because the packaging usually contains a table where the feeding rates are indicated depending on the weight and age of the animal. However, some dogs need more or less food depending on their lifestyle, for example, inactive dogs have a smaller portion, and sports dogs. Increase. Reducing the amount of food is necessary for older dogs, as well as animals prone to obesity. But you should start feeding with dry food exactly from the specified rate, and then, observing the pet, determine the required volume of the daily portion.
The amount of dry food depends on its class. It is known that super-premium food is more concentrated and needs less to saturate and get the necessary nutrients for the dog, and economy class food requires 100-200 grams more.
Dry food for small but stocky breeds such as pugs is low in protein and fat. When choosing food and determining the portion, you should consider:
- Animal protein, which must be at least 18% for adult dogs and 22% for puppies;
- Fat, which should be at least 5% in the daily diet of adult dogs.
Fresh water must be freely available, at least 1 liter per 500 grams of dry food.
How much food to give a dog per day
The amount of food for a dog depends on criteria such as the physiological state of the animal, level of activity, breed, age, living conditions.
So, for example, the volume of a portion of food will increase or decrease depending on whether the pet lives in a warm place or on the street, he is sick or healthy, as well as from pregnancy, old age.
The amount of food for a puppy will vary depending on its size, activity, metabolism. Overfeeding puppies can lead to deformation of bones and other health problems.
The energy requirements of active dogs are higher, so they need nutritious food, more nutritious. Keep in mind, however, that increasing the nutritional value of a feed does not mean increasing the amount of food you eat. By the way, you cannot feed active pets immediately before and immediately after training. To satisfy your pet’s hunger, you can give your pet treats during training and do not limit access to fresh water.
In older pets, activity decreases, therefore, they need to reduce the calorie content of food, but the volume of the daily portion can be left the same.
Your dog’s appetite may change, and this is not a reason to decrease or increase the portion each time. However, loss of appetite that lasts for several days and is accompanied by symptoms of the disease should be a reason for visiting a veterinarian.
How many times a day to feed the dog
The number of feedings depends on the age of the animal, as well as the total amount of feed. The rate is calculated individually for each dog, there are only general recommendations that can be guided by, but no one except the owner can say exactly how much food a dog needs. The animal should not independently decide when and how much to eat. Free feeding is unacceptable, because it threatens obesity, fastidiousness.
It is better to feed according to the schedule, for example, 2/3 of the daily allowance should be given in the morning, and the rest in the evening. By the way, dogs tend to sleep after eating, and knowing this feature, you can use it. If the pet is left at home alone while the owner is at work, then after eating a large portion in the morning, the animal will probably devote most of the day to sleep.
The number of feedings depending on the age of the dog
|Up to 3-4 weeks||Puppies are not weaned from their mother, they feed on breast milk as much as they want.|
|From 3-4 weeks||Puppies begin to get used to solid food, they are fed 5 times a day every 3-4 hours, and large breed puppies are fed 4 times a day.|
|From 2 months||3-4 times a day|
|From 3 to 6 months||3 times a day|
|From 6 months||2 times a day|
|From 12 months||1-2 times a day|
It is enough to feed adult dogs 1-2 times a day. For example, a large breed dog needs up to 1 kilogram of food per day, but it is advisable to divide this amount in two and feed the pet twice a day. A medium sized dog can be fed once a day.
If a meal was missed for any reason, then you cannot increase the next portion. The pet will not die of hunger, but it can easily overeat.
How much natural food to give your dog
The amount of natural food depends on the body weight of the animal. So, up to 6 months, the puppy should be given food (natural feeding) in the amount of 5-7% of the puppy’s weight. For example, a puppy weighs 10 kg, and 7% of its weight. It is 700 grams. The calculated daily allowance should be divided into two equal parts, of which half of the diet will be meat with offal, and the other half. Fermented milk products (10%), such as cottage cheese, low-fat kefir, cereals (30%) and vegetables (10%). To calculate the correct portion of meat, you need to multiply 1 kilogram of the dog’s weight by 30-40 grams of meat. After 6 months, the volume of food is halved and the daily rate is already calculated as follows: 3.5% of the weight of the animal.
Large breed puppies need to be fed in small portions, as fast weight gain causes various problems with the musculoskeletal system.
How to tell if your dog has enough food
Overfeeding, like underfeeding, is hazardous to the health of the animal. Therefore, it is important to be able to determine the daily amount of food, and for this you need to observe the animal. His behavior will tell you whether to increase or decrease the daily portion.
Reducing the amount of food should be in cases where the pet chooses food from the bowl without eating certain foods, and after feeding refuses additional treats. The dog should eat all offered food without asking for supplements. If part of the food remains in the bowl, then it is advisable to reduce its amount.
There are situations in which the pet eats every last crumb, but weight gain is observed. In such situations, you should also reduce the portion.
If a dog eats everything and takes what is given as an additional treat, and then walks around and sniffs out food, then most likely he is malnourished and the portion needs to be increased.
After eating, the animal must remain hungry, satiety comes later, and if we take into account that animals quickly absorb food, then until satiety they can eat several more servings. Therefore, you should not strive to feed the pet until the moment when he himself refuses to eat.
The normal weight of the pet is checked by its appearance, as well as by the weight values in the breed standard, which can be guided by. In a dog of normal weight, the ribs are felt, but at the same time they should not be visible to the eye; the belly is tucked up, but the dog should not look skinny; when viewed from above, the abdomen is narrower in comparison with the ribcage (starting from the last ribs).
At the beginning of life, kittens consume only breast milk. Therefore, it is not worth introducing new food into their diet until about 4 weeks. Mother’s milk is rich in protein, which sufficiently supports the growth of the animal. If the kitten has been abandoned and needs to be fed, the best solution is to give it a suitable milk replacer. You can not give a small kitten cow’s milk. it has too little protein, but a lot of sugar.
Solid food can be introduced from about 4 weeks of age. During this period, it is best to give a small amount of wet food, which will give the cat a chance to get used to snacks.
How much wet?
The type and amount of food depends on the age and activity of the cat. Kittens need more liquid feed than adults or seniors. The activity and breed of an animal are also critical to the type and amount of food. The boredom and stress of the animal leads to the fact that the cat often goes to the bowl and eats more and more, which, in turn, inevitably leads to obesity.
Compared to the dog, which is omnivorous, cats are pure carnivores and foodies. There are also differences in the number of meals.
Experts say that an adult cat weighing about 4 kilograms should eat between 300 and 400 grams of wet food per day. Of course, an active cat has a higher energy requirement than an old cat, so the daily feed rate is indicative and should be adapted to the individual. However, if the cat refuses to eat or is often full, illness may be the cause.
How to calculate the rate?
A healthy adult cat usually needs about 5 grams of protein for every kilogram of weight. This applies to animals of the correct build without signs of obesity. Therefore, if the cat weighs too much, it should receive less food, and if it weighs less, the portions should be larger.
The need for energy in an animal increases if it spends a lot of time outdoors. An active cat usually needs about 60 kilocalories per 1 kg of body weight, while an animal that is mostly at home only 40 kilocalories. How much dry and wet food a cat should eat is a separate issue.
How to calculate the right amount of food?
The consequences of obesity in cats appear rather quickly: animals lose some of their mobility, become less active and after a certain time begin to suffer from various diseases. A variety of cats’ diets support health and a beautiful coat.
It should be noted that even wild representatives of the feline family cannot get hungry quickly, so you should not follow the lead of your pet and feed him when he wants to. Cats can live without food for several days. Fresh water is much more important than milk, as many still believe. Even if it seems to you that your pet is still hungry, do not be fooled.
How to tell if your cat is short on food?
You can leave your pet’s food bowl for the whole day, but don’t fill it up to its full daily requirement right away. If you leave home and there is no one to feed the cat, you can give it half of the daily ration, and give the rest in the evening. We also note that it is necessary to organize her unlimited access to water.
The body of these animals does not tolerate cow’s milk well, contrary to popular belief. Therefore, it is worth limiting your pet from consuming dairy products.
Lack of food for your pet is reflected in weight loss and activity. But do not forget that, on the contrary, there can be a lot of feed. Pets are less mobile than street animals, therefore they require more modest food, it is quite easy to overfeed them.
How much food does a cat need per day?
- How to calculate the right amount of food?
- How much dry food should you eat?
- How much wet?
- How to calculate the rate?
- How to tell if your cat is short on food?
- What new owners need to know?
The question of how much food a cat needs to get every day is quite reasonable and in any case makes sense. Like humans, many pets today are overweight, leading to diseases such as rheumatism or diabetes. The so-called diseases of civilization, based on an excess of food, have already reached their beloved four-legged friends.
For adult animals
Your cat should receive several small, balanced meals throughout the day. Owners often feed their pets 4 to 6 times a day, 50 grams. The cat does not need to eat until it is full, so that its body can function normally.
Another solution is to feed the animal only twice a day, but in large quantities, leaving unlimited access to dry food. The cat can eat it whenever he wants. However, if the pet is greedy, he can immediately consume the entire food supply. Lack of control can quickly lead to obesity, so keep an eye on your pet, and if he tries to eat everything at once, it is better to exclude access to food and continue feeding on schedule.
The average body weight depends primarily on the age of the animal. Until the age of five months, a cat should weigh about 2 kg. After 7-8 months, her weight usually increases to about 3 kg. A healthy adult pet should weigh about 4-5 kg.
Determining the body weight norm is quite simple, for this you need to pay attention to the amount of pet’s adipose tissue, in particular:
- With sufficient weight, the cat should have thin adipose tissue and slightly visible ribs;
- With a strong protrusion of the spine and ribs, one can judge about insufficient weight;
- In the case when the ribs are almost impossible to feel, we can talk about overweight.
How much dry food should you eat?
For most cat breeds, it has been proven that some foods are needed around the clock in a bowl. A small portion of wet food is served twice a day.
- Little kittens need a lot of energy to grow. Therefore, they usually eat 2-3 times more than adults. Their daily food requirement ranges from 250 to 350 grams.
- Elderly animals of normal weight need about 130 grams of food per day. Feeding dry food that appears in the bowl in the morning and evening is optimal.
- For overweight animals, only 100 grams of feed per day is enough.
- Pregnant and lactating cats as well as active cat breeds such as Bengalis should have a full bowl as they have a high need for food. They should be given up to 450 grams of food per day, distributed over several meals.
Dry food is cheaper than wet food and contains all the nutrients your cat needs. The bowl should be filled with good quality dry food. High quality dry food is suitable as a single meal without hesitation. He will provide any cat with all the ingredients he needs. Thanks to high quality dry cat food, the animal feeds without harmful additives.
If you feed your pet dry food, then you need to provide water in the food from 8 to 10%, since animals satisfy their need for liquid mainly with food intake. You also need to provide a bowl of water and provide the cat with constant access to it.
What new owners need to know?
New pet owners need to make sure their pet is healthy and happy. Cats, unlike dogs, can be quite finicky when it comes to food, and if they don’t like a dish, they won’t eat it, even if they’re hungry. This is why it is important to find a balance between your cat’s nutritional needs and preferences.
When a person brings home a new cat, it is important to continue to feed her the same amount of the same food and on the same schedule to which she is used to, and then gradually, literally, literally a tablespoon, move to the new food and the new schedule.
A cat’s sensitivity to thirst is significantly less than a dog’s. They don’t voluntarily drink water like dogs.
If the owner follows all the recommendations, but still worries that the pet is not getting enough calories, it is recommended to examine the cat’s back. If the vertebrae and ribs are visible, then this indicates insufficient nutrition, then it is necessary to increase the amount of food. But there is also a risk that the pet is simply sick and needs to be shown to the veterinarian. If everything is fine, then you just need to change the diet and choose a different food for it.
Note that different animals can take different foods. some are suitable only for certain foods, others eat everything. Therefore, if you have found a certain type of food that your pet liked and fully meets the necessary requirements for calorie content, the presence of nutrients and other parameters, then you need to try to use only it, only sometimes adding variety to your pet’s diet.
For information on what and how to feed the cat correctly, see the following.
Feed classes and their energy value
Before choosing a suitable food for dogs, it is worthwhile to understand that there are several types that differ in calorie content, composition, nutritional value, and protein. When choosing, it is important to consider that the more high-calorie and nutritious the product, the lower the dosage should be.
Note! The most expensive foods tend to be high in calories, so a small amount is enough for the dog to get full.
The choice between dry food and natural food depends on the preferences of the owner
For the production of feed from this group, the cheapest products are used. The main part is maize and grains. The small amount of meat is offset by the increased volume of soybeans. Such food has a caloric content of no more than 250-300 kcal per 100 g.
Important! When choosing such feeds, it is imperative to include additional supplements and vitamin complexes in the pet’s diet.
For the holistic feed, only high quality products are used that are acceptable for use in the food industry. The calorie content is approximately 450 kcal per 100 g. The composition contains all the necessary elements that have a beneficial effect on the condition of the dog. These feeds are perfect for pets during pregnancy and for animals with various diseases.
Dogs are generally happy to eat dry foods because they often contain flavor enhancers.
Premium food contains small amounts of vitamins and minerals. The product also contains some proteins (approximately 20%), which are produced from offal and meat waste. The composition contains a large amount of corn and other grains. The average energy value of such feed does not exceed 350 calories per 100 g. If necessary, you will need to add additional nutrients to the pet’s diet.
How much dry food to give a dog per day: table
Dog food is produced by different companies. The wide variety makes you think about which food is best for your pet. It is also important to take into account the weight of the animal, its physical condition, activity and many other features. Dry food is very popular with many dog owners, but they all have a different composition, which means they require different dosages.
Super premium class
The feeds of this group are distinguished by their increased cost and balanced composition. They contain a high amount of protein obtained from quality meat products. In addition, they include all the essential minerals and vitamins. Soy is absent in such products, and corn is included in the composition in a minimum amount. The value of super-premium food reaches 450 kcal per 100 g, while the dog receives all the necessary substances immediately during a meal.
Note! Such products are allowed to be given to the animal constantly. The popular French food Pro Plan belongs to this category.
Diet examples for puppies of different breeds
Puppies of different dog breeds also differ in weight and size. In addition, they grow and develop in different ways. For some, a small portion of food is enough, while others will need several times more.
Puppies of small breeds (for example, Yorkies) are distinguished by an accelerated metabolism, so they grow up quite quickly. Closer to the year, they can be easily converted to feed for adults. Approximate calculations are described in the table.
|Adult dog weight (kg)||2-3||4-6||7-9||10-13||14-16||17-19||20-22||23-25|
|Puppy age (months)|
Large dogs (Bulldogs, German Shepherds, Rottweilers and the like) have a slow metabolism, so they mature later than babies. Despite the fact that the dog looks like an adult, all organs and skeleton continue to develop in him, so he needs enough useful and nutrients. It is not uncommon for veterinarians to recommend feeding large dogs puppy food until they are 2 years old. An approximate calculation is described in the table below.
|Adult dog weight (kg)||26-29||30-33||34-37||38-44||45-54||55-64||65-74||Over 75|
|Puppy age (months)|
This is just a rough guide. The owner should monitor his pet and, if necessary, slightly reduce or increase the portion.
It is important that the dog always has clean water near dry food.
What is the relationship between the class of feed and its consumption
The dog owner should know how to properly feed his pet with dry food. There are many different factors to consider and remember that there is no single rule. Even dogs of the same breed require different amounts of food.
A variety of dry food allows you to choose the one that suits your pet best.
The feed rate directly depends on its category. A cheap product has an average composition, it has few nutrients, it will be digested faster, accordingly, the dog needs to be given a larger portion so that it does not remain hungry.
expensive food contains more nutrients and satiates faster. As a result, the dog feels full for a longer time, a small portion is enough for him to saturate.
Note! expensive foods have a better effect on the dog’s body, especially during adolescence.
Summary table: food norms for different types of dogs by age and weight
Different types of feed differ in composition and content of vitamins and microelements. Average daily dry dog food requirements are described in the table below for some brands.
|Dog weight (kg)||Economy: Chappy, Pedigri, Our Marka (portion per day)||Premium: Royal Canin, Monge, Proplane (portion per day)||Super premium: Akana, Grandorf (portion per day)||Holistic: Landor (portion per day)|
|To 10||Up to 180||120||Up to 150||160|
|10-20||Up to 350||Up to 200||Up to 290||340|
|30-40||Up to 500||Up to 330||Up to 400||Up to 590|
|40-60||650||Up to 550||51050 g / 5 kg mass||Up to 860|
Important! For a pregnant dog, the RDA can be increased by 25-50% after consulting a veterinarian. It is allowed to transfer the animal from adult food to food for puppies, because it contains more nutrients.
It is important for a lactating dog that food is always available so that it can eat at any time.
Servings based on dog size
As already noted, the serving size depends on the energy nutritional value of the finished diet, as well as how much the pet weighs:
- Representatives of large breeds, whose weight starts from 40 kg, consume an average of a pound of dry premium granules per day, and economical feed will require 700-800 g.
- Average dogs, weighing from 12 to 40 kg, eat about 350-450 grams per day. Premium food and 550-650 grams of the economy diet.
- Small dogs, the maximum weight of which is 12 kg, eat from 150 to 300 grams of high quality feed and 350-400 g of economy food per day.
Of course, a portion of premium food will be much smaller in size due to its nutritional value. This most owners think that more expensive feeds actually turn out to be much more profitable. Usually, having calculated the daily dose of food, the owner needs to distribute it into several equal portions, depending on the number of feedings: it can be one-, two- or three meals a day.
The scales used by housewives in the kitchen will help to measure the most accurate dosage. Some feeds come with special measuring containers. containers or glasses. In their absence, you have to measure “by eye”. A tablespoon can act as a measuring container. on average, 100 grams of granules is three spoons. The approximate norm is 2 tablespoons of granules per kilogram of pet’s weight. But in any case, these are averaged data that need individual adjustment.
The daily portion of food usually decreases in the summer, this applies to representatives of all breeds. But do not forget that you will need to return to standard dosage when it gets colder. For service or overly active dogs, the portion of food should be increased by an average of 25%. This is also necessary for pets participating in competitions and all kinds of shows. Another category of dogs in need of compulsory enhanced nutrition is pregnant and lactating bitches.
Puppies deserve special attention. When they grow intensively (this period is 4-7 months), they need to be fed more than an adult pet. In this case, the portion is increased, as a rule, 2 times.
It is important to remember that dogs that eat production diets need constant access to drinking water.
How much dry food to give the dog
Many dog owners are confronted with the question of how much dry food to give a dog per day so that it is full and does not overeat. This is all the more important when the dog has a tendency to obesity and health problems. The norm exists, it depends on what breed of dog, how active he is, and what age category he belongs to.
Calorie intake varies by feed grade
The portion size is influenced by the feed grade. After all, the more expensive the food, the higher its nutritional value:
- Economy class feed. This type of product has the lowest energy value, so the daily portion will be the maximum. This is due to the fact that such products are made from lower quality by-products and cereals, and natural meat is not added to them. Caloric content is about 280-320 Kcal.
- Premium dry food. Because of the meat they contain, they have a higher nutritional value. 300-380 Kcal. This indicates that the portion will be smaller.
- Super premium rations. Considered the optimal daily food for pets of all breeds. They are based on the meat part, and cereals are practically not used in their manufacture. If we talk about their energy value, then it is about 400-450 Kcal.
- Nutrition is holistic. One of the new directions in the manufacture of industrial animal feed. Their ingredients are foods suitable for human consumption. The meat portion in the feed is over 60%, which indicates their high nutritional value. These are the most expensive foods, but at the same time the portion of food is much smaller than that of other diets.
But no matter what food the owner chooses, there is a hint for him on the package. A table is always printed here, according to which you can calculate the individual portion based on the weight of the dog. And since manufacturers use different products, then the rate will, accordingly, be different.