How many months a girl‘s dog is sterilized
The operation can be performed in different ways. The choice depends on the condition of the animal, gender, age, and sometimes on the wishes of the owner.
The most common method is traditional castration (removal of the testicles) for males and abdominal surgery (removal of the ovaries and uterus through an incision). for bitches.
Occasionally, males may also need abdominal surgery (for example, if the testicles have not descended). Manipulations are performed under deep anesthesia.
Sometimes bitches do “partial” sterilization. It is about removing only the ovaries when the uterus remains. This method is usually used for animals at a young age, so you can spay a dog, a girl who has never given birth. However, it has a drawback. tumors and other serious diseases are possible in the future. Recovery is about the same with full and “partial” sterilization.
Tubal occlusion is a more gentle technique. With it, no internal organs are removed, the fallopian tubes are simply ligated. Rehabilitation is faster, but problems are possible in the future. up to the restoration of fertility and the onset of pregnancy.
Laparoscopy is a less traumatic method than abdominal surgery, but it requires expensive equipment and jewelry skill of the surgeon. Manipulations are carried out through several punctures that do not require suturing.
The so-called chemical castration is a temporary measure that inhibits fertility for a certain period.
Medical sterilization is done with injections. However, this technique is extremely dangerous for the health of the animal, drugs lead to the development of serious diseases.
Veterinary surgeons usually say that, first of all, the animal must be completely healthy, age here is a secondary issue, albeit an important one.
When to sterilize your dog
If the owners of the dog do not plan to engage in obtaining offspring from her and decide to neuter the pet, they should consult with the veterinarian at what age to carry out the operation.
It is usually recommended to sterilize the dog at 7-8 months after the first estrus. Having surgery at an earlier age is fraught with subsequent health problems and impaired puppy development. In addition, it is difficult to calculate the required dosage of the anesthetic drug, it is problematic to remove everything without the possibility of recovery, so as not to carry out the operation again.
Sterilization is recommended to be done 2 months after the end of estrus, so that in the future the dog does not suffer from a false pregnancy.
To know more precisely when to do sterilization, it is necessary to pass tests for hormones, to consult with the breeder from whom the puppy was purchased. this will give a complete picture of the hereditary and breed characteristics of the dog.
There are often cases when it becomes necessary to sterilize a bitch that has already given birth. The reason may be hormonal imbalance, expressed in prolonged estrus. Then the dog needs to be operated on for medical reasons.
It is highly undesirable to spay a pregnant bitch, unless it is necessary for health reasons and there are fears that the animal will not survive pregnancy and childbirth. In this case, it is impossible to delay the operation, however, it is necessary to conduct an examination before the surgical intervention.
If the pregnancy turned out to be accidental, due to an oversight of the owners, it is better to give the dog the opportunity to give birth, then attach the puppies and sterilize only a month later. During pregnancy, the uterus greatly increases in size, so the blood loss will be more extensive, besides, the rehabilitation period will increase, and it is not known whether the dog will be able to recover completely from it.
Opinions about whether it is possible to neuter a bitch at an advanced age (8-9 years) differ. Some veterinarians categorically do not recommend surgery, since the risk of urinary incontinence will increase significantly, and the animal may not come out of anesthesia. Others, on the contrary, consider the sterilization of an old dog, regardless of whether she gave birth or not, as the prevention of serious diseases, in particular. pyometra, because with age, the risk of cancer is very high.
The best option is to give a breeding bitch the opportunity to give birth at the age of 6, and then operate without waiting for the onset of dangerous diseases.
The main condition for sterilization is that the dog must be completely healthy at the time of the operation.
If you are not going to breed and attend exhibitions, it is better to naturalize your pet. This should be done in the prepubertal period, before puberty, at about six months of age. After spaying the bitch (removing the ovaries along with the uterus), she will not have two leaks a year, which means that she will not stain anything in the house with her bloody discharge, which lasts up to three weeks, and will not seek to run away from home during this period. to mate with a dog, and you will not have to search for her all night long, since the vagrancy instinct inherent in the current bitches at the top of the hunt will not call her to wander. Sterilization helps the bitch to maintain a calm disposition, and the absence of heat does not prevent her from participating in various tests and competitions. In addition, naturalized bitches have a reduced risk of developing breast cancer, cancer and infections of the uterus or ovaries. In short, spaying a prepubertal bitch gives her a healthier life and less hassle and hassle for you.
Castration of a male dog (ligation of the spermatic cords or removal of the testicles) before he reaches the age of one year will help protect him after puberty from diseases and prostate cancer and make him indifferent to current bitches, for which, unlike fertile (capable of reproduction) brothers will not break down the door, knock out windows, break down the fence, that is, demolish everything in its path, just to get them. In addition, a castrated male will not mark all corners in your apartment, smelling the smell of a bitch in heat, show aggression towards his brother in the fight for her and imitate copulatory movements, wrapping his front paws around your leg.
Many people avoid naturalizing their pets due to the fact that they believe false rumors, for example, that a neutered male and a neutered bitch lose interest in life, become phlegmatic and obese. But the cause of obesity lies in the overfeeding of the dog and physical inactivity (a sedentary lifestyle), and not in naturalization. In fact, naturalized dogs are more obedient and easier to train than fertile ones, as they are more attentive and less distracted, therefore they often win trials and competitions. Neutered males are practically not distracted by external stimuli, concentrating entirely on their work, and neutered females participate in trials and competitions at any time of the year, since they do not have leaks that knock them out twice a year for 6-8 weeks.
Do not think that by naturalizing your pet, you will only achieve that he will remember this all his life and try to take revenge on you. No, your baby will become even more loyal and obedient to you.
Neutering dogs is not just a surgical operation that deprives a pet of fertility, but also a serious step for every pet owner, forcing them to think hard about whether or not it is worth it. On the one hand, this is a great way to save yourself from many problems, but on the other hand, sterilization is definitely a surgical intervention in the body and nature of the animal. What should you choose? The pros and cons are worth considering.
Important arguments for sterilization
As you know, some pet owners resort to this procedure for one reason or another. What can push them to this act??
Spay or Neuter Female Dog(1/2)
Dogs of both sexes are sterilized to avoid unnecessary and sometimes uncontrolled offspring. And the operation has its own, indisputable, advantages. Pros of neutering dogs:
- The owners of the bitch will be able to walk the dog without hindrance, without the possible attacks of the surrounding males and their gatherings around the current girlfriend. This will protect both humans and animals.
- The spayed males normalize their psyche, they stop running after every “bride”, exposing themselves to the danger of being lost, stolen or run over by a car. The same can be said for females.
- After sterilization, dogs lose their aggression towards people and other animals, as well as the desire to mark territory, and then, because of it, sort things out with “rivals”.
- The female who brought offspring several times will preserve her health, and the operation will be an excellent prevention of possible diseases of the reproductive organs (pyometra, ovarian tumors, cysts, etc.).
- A dog’s life will become a couple of years longer (it is worth considering that one human year is more than seven human years).
- Sterilization will protect the animal from sexually transmitted diseases, which are common in dogs.
- Sexless pets are more loyal and easier to train.
- Sterilization protects against problems with unplanned offspring.
- This is the most humane way to reduce the number of mongrels, who often become homeless due to human fault.
As you can see, sterilization has a lot of positive advantages not only for the owners, but also for the pets themselves. But the medal also has a downside. What danger can this operation conceal??
- vaccination of dogs;
- castration of dogs.
Optimal age for sterilization
A very important question asked by responsible pet owners: “At what age should you spay a dog?” Surgeons have only one answer. the animal should be, first of all, healthy, and how old it is, two or six, does not play a special role. However, there are a lot of nuances in this matter.
For example, dogs over seven years old are more difficult to endure any operations, it is more difficult to recover from anesthesia, and the rehabilitation period lasts longer, since the aging body recovers more slowly.
However, many experienced veterinarians agree that all adult dogs that have reached the age of eight should be sterilized without fail, regardless of whether they often gave birth, 1-2 times in their entire life, or did not give birth at all. Mature animals significantly increase the risk of developing cancer, and this operation is an excellent way to avoid terrible diseases.
It is believed that if the plans are to breed the breed, then the last birth of the bitch should take place at the age of six, and then it should be sterilized, without waiting for the aging of the body.
Quite often, you can hear different opinions about early sterilization, which takes up to six months. In fact, such sterilization is fraught with serious consequences, which often lead to significant delays in the development and manifestation of chronic diseases. In addition, there are certain difficulties in calculating the appropriate dosage of anesthetic drugs and removing organs that are not fully formed. Sometimes a microscopic, not removed part of the ovary can be restored and in this case, a second operation will be required.
If breeding is not in the plans, then the most suitable period for sterilization is the moment two to three weeks before the first estrus. Surgery at this time will significantly reduce the risks of breast tumors and disruptions in the hormonal system.
In most cases, this is the age of the animal from 6 months to 1.5 years. It all depends on several factors:
- breeds (small females tend to start flowing earlier);
- characteristics of the body (if the mother-dog was in heat a year, then, most likely, the daughter will do so).
To make sure that the time is right for the operation, it is necessary to pass tests to identify hormonal levels and consult with the breeder about the characteristics and hereditary predispositions of the pet.
In case of hormonal imbalance, abnormally long, abundant leaks, the bitch is sterilized, purely based on medical indicators. In this case, the facts of the presence or absence of childbirth are not taken into account.
Often, dog owners resort to sterilization as a way to get rid of an already existing pregnancy. But veterinarians warn against such operations. It is much safer for an animal to deliver offspring, to give birth and feed, than to undergo surgery at this time. During the period of gestation of puppies, the uterus of the bitch increases significantly, which leads to greater blood loss during sterilization and a longer recovery process.
If you overlooked your pet, then you should let the bitch fulfill her maternal duty and 30-35 days after giving birth, you can already have the operation. At this time, there is no need to postpone the procedure, but to carry it out in a timely manner.
However, there are options when sterilization is done involuntarily. For example, if the dog has an ailment that does not allow to bear puppies and postpone the process of childbirth. In this case, the operation must be performed immediately, and the sooner this is done, the better.
Arguments against sterilization
When deciding on an operation, caring owners should also be aware of possible pitfalls. The disadvantages of spaying dogs include the following factors:
- This is a surgical operation and, as predictable as it may be, things may not end quite so well; most often this is due to the low qualifications of the veterinarian and clinic; without proper experience, the doctor can make an irreparable mistake, for which the animal can pay not only with health, but also with life.
- For various reasons, complications can occur. bleeding, infection in the wound, the development of inflammatory processes, rupture of seams.
- The sterilized animal, due to changes in metabolism, in most cases, is prone to gaining excess weight and obesity.
- In the period from three to seven years after sterilization, urinary incontinence may develop. And this, in turn, becomes the cause of chronic pathologies of the urinary system.
- Anesthesia used during surgery can have a negative effect on the dog’s body.
Taking into account all the pros and cons of sterilization, it is worth referring to the statistical data. deaths during the operation are extremely rare, and cases of the development of various diseases of the genitourinary system are quite common.
How to choose the optimal age and time
Dogs over the age of seven have a harder time undergoing surgery and take longer to recover. At the same time, many veterinarians consider neutering compulsory for older dogs if they have not gone through it earlier. Older pets significantly increase the risk of cancer. Therefore, it is better to neuter the dog without delaying, and do not wait for the onset of aging.
For bitches in breeding, the last birth at the age of six years is optimal, followed by neutering. If the animal is not intended for breeding, the operation should be carried out earlier.
Sterilization too early (before six months) is also not the best option. At this age, surgery can lead to complications. The puppy’s body is actively growing and developing, and it is not worth interfering in this process without urgent need. In addition, any mistake in calculating the dosage of anesthesia for a puppy is extremely dangerous.
If the dog is not planned to be mated, the age from six months to one and a half years is considered optimal for most breeds.
Much depends on the size: in small breed bitches, the first heat begins early, you can sterilize the dog earlier or perform the operation immediately after it.
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How is the sterilization of a pregnant cat performed? Scientifically, the procedure is called “extirpation of the pregnant uterus.” Done
The animal cannot be fed 12 hours before the start of the operation, it must be healthy.
- Placing the dog on a sterile surface.
- Introduction of anesthesia.
- Shaving the coat at the operated site.
- Disinfection of the operated area.
Castration is performed under general anesthesia. In males, the scrotum is cut, the spermatic cord is pulled, the testes are removed. Small wounds are sprinkled with tricillin, a powder that prevents complications. The duration of the operation is 5 minutes, the suture is not removed after it.
Castration of bitches is more complicated: the groin is cut, the genitals are removed (or only the ovaries, or together with the uterus). The process lasts 30 minutes, after which sutures and special dressings are applied to prevent licking or damage to this area. This is followed by a period of rehabilitation.
Home sterilization operation
Many clinics offer home visits by a veterinarian. Consider the advantages and disadvantages of this kind of service.
- No need to transport the animal. No stress during transportation.
- The dog falls asleep in its familiar home environment and wakes up there. She is not unnerved by other people’s sounds, smells. The recovery period is easier and faster.
- Guaranteed no contact with other dogs. In the clinic, such contact is possible.
- The doctor devotes all his time to your pet, is not distracted by other visitors.
- There is time to talk to the surgeon, ask questions and get answers to them.
- You are with your dog the whole time.
- There is no way to create completely sterile conditions.
- It is difficult to create the conditions necessary for the operation, to find a suitable place.
- At home, only abdominal operations are performed.
- There is no equipment for resuscitation. If something goes wrong, the doctor will have to transport the animal to the clinic.
- Clean room with good light, bathroom best washed with disinfectants.
- Operation table. It also needs to be washed and treated with disinfectants.
- Medical oilcloth.
- A place where the surgeon can position his instruments.
- Moscow and St. Petersburg. from 3,000 to 11,000 rubles.
- Regions of Russia. from 4,000 to 8,000 rubles.
- Kiev. from 950 to 1800 UAH.
- Regions of Ukraine. from 1,000 to 2,800 UAH.
Do not neuter dogs that are valuable for breeding. They are given the opportunity to give birth, with the aim of further selling offspring.
Pros of castration, sterilization
- The pet can be kept in any conditions: apartment, house, yard, aviary.
- The behavior of the dog becomes calmer: males are not aggressive, do not mark territory, do not fight, bitches do not run away.
- Prevents diseases of the genital organs (especially cancer) in adulthood.
- Protects against sexually transmitted infections.
- Improves the quality of sleep, appetite.
- Improves mood, desire to play.
- In males seeking leadership, these habits gradually disappear.
- Solve problems with the addition of unwanted offspring. Often they operate on homeless four-legged animals for this.
Of course, castration will not radically affect the character of the four-legged friend: the need for training, physical activity, walking remains, but some changes can be noted. The operation does not affect the guarding qualities of the pet: if, before castration, he performed his duties well, this property will remain. over, it is noted that spayed animals were even better at guarding their territory. In bitches after the operation, an increase in activity is noted: this is due to the cessation of the production of female sex hormones, which had a calming effect on the psyche.
They operate on animals that are not intended for exhibitions and suffer from cryptorchidism. Females not participating in breeding work will not produce unwanted offspring.
- Moscow and St. Petersburg. from 7,500 to 16,000 rubles.
- Regions of Russia. from 6,000 to 14,000 rubles.
- Kiev. from 2,400 to 3,500 UAH.
- Regions of Ukraine. 2 600 to 4 000 UAH.
Cons of castration and sterilization
This is a medical intervention, therefore, complications, side effects are possible, information about which is in many
- Hormone imbalance.
- The appearance of hypothyroidism. a condition accompanied by a decrease in the production of the required level of hormones by the thyroid gland.
- Oncology of the musculoskeletal system. statistics show that bone cancer is more common in neutered males.
- Obesity. Dogs have an increased appetite, which must be controlled to avoid excess weight.
- Behavioral Disorders. Characterized by castrated elderly males.
- Changes in the structure of the coat. insufficient production of hormones provokes thinning, softening of the coat, so it becomes like a puppy.
- Difficult anesthesia. dogs are less likely to tolerate this condition than humans. It is assessed by doctors even as more dangerous than the operation itself: if you enter less than the norm, the pet will wake up ahead of time, more than the norm. the heart may stop.
- Urinary incontinence. the result of displacement of the bladder into the cavity where the removed genitals were located.
- Hormonal adjustment. often occurs in dogs over 30 kg.
- Overeating propensity. you need to carefully monitor the diet.
- The risk of developing heart disease. due to anesthesia.
- Deterioration of conditioned reflexes. the dog will be harder to train.
The minimum risk of complications is observed after neutering bitches, and in males, health almost always changes, and this does not depend on age.
After castration, the pet’s temperament changes: if the operation is beneficial to the choleric or sanguine person, then the phlegmatic person will become even more clumsy. Therefore, the owner should increase the duration of the walk, encourage the dog to move more.
Sterilization has serious complications for some breeds, due to the peculiarities of the body structure. First of all, this applies to bulldogs, pugs. It is good if the service is provided by a veterinary clinic with sufficient experience in carrying out such operations so that the specialist correctly takes into account the age, condition of the animal.
It is highly discouraged to neuter pregnant, lactating or in heat bitches. Exceptions are complications.
Benefits of laparoscopy
- Only the endoscope is inserted into the abdominal cavity of the dog. this is a guarantee that the surgeon does not forget anything inside.
- It is not necessary to prepare the dog for the operation for a long time, it is enough not to give it food 2-3 hours before the procedure.
- Shortened operation time. laparoscopy takes about 15 minutes. This reduces the risk of complications.
- Postoperative care and medication are not required.
- Reduced risk of bleeding and infection during surgery.
- Fast recovery from surgery. food can be given 2 hours after sterilization.
- No postoperative stress.
- The procedure is less painful and easier for animals to tolerate.
- The puncture site is treated with surgical glue (seamless technology) or self-absorbable sutures. Seam processing is minimal (1-2 times) or not required at all.
Re: Is neutering of dogs obligatory??
Kira »12 Feb 2015, 09:05
I agree with the post above. Do not torture dogs, if you are not going to happen to anyone, then it is better to sterilize. This will not negatively affect your pet, but only the state will change for the better. We probably “mocked” our year like that. The dog was not allowed to approach more than one bitch, he was aggressive, refused to eat. After sterilization, everything worked out, and now he is not interested in “girlfriends”. Kira Posts: 5Registered: 11 Feb 2015, 14:53
Re: Is neutering of dogs obligatory??
Daria »11 Feb 2015, 15:45
I believe that spaying dogs is highly desirable, unless, of course, you are going to engage in breeding. I think the bitch can be allowed to whelp once, but I don’t see humanity to torment the dog with attempts to mate. Sterilization helps to solve a number of problems, if the dog is aggressive, it becomes calmer and more obedient, it has no reason to run away from the owner, there is less chance that the dog will contract diseases from other dogs, etc., in addition, it is believed that this even increases the lifespan by one and a half. two years.
When to Spay a Female Dog: the true risks and benefits
Joined: 11 Feb 2015 15:10
At what age are dogs spayed??
I have a toy, after the first heat she turned into a completely different dog, became aggressive and fucked up the whole house. The veterinarian advised sterilization, there was something with hormones. and it took off like a hand! Vitamina Posts: 1Registered: 26 Apr 2015, 23:36
Re: Is neutering of dogs obligatory??
vitamina »Apr 26, 2015 11:43 pm
I don’t think it’s necessary. But as stated above, there are medical reasons. I don’t know about males, but in females, sterilization reduces the risk of various diseases.
Neutering dogs: at what age and how to prepare?
Home »Health and Care» Neutering and neutering of cats and dogs
Is neutering of dogs mandatory??
Remember, neglect of the doctor’s recommendations can lead to complications for the pet and unnecessary problems and costs for the owner.
The owner should take care of the choice of the clinic in advance for the sterilization of his dog. Please note that there is a sterile operating room and that there are certificates. In addition to this, there must also be a qualified team, an anesthesiologist and specialized equipment.
Preparing a dog for sterilization is an important procedure, which largely determines the outcome of the operation and the course of the postoperative period.
When to neuter your dog
If it is not possible to keep the puppies of a pet, the best option for suppressing reproductive function is to neuter the animal. At the same time, in order not to harm the health of the animal, it is necessary to know at what age a dog can be neutered. With the right choice of the age of the operation, it is possible to increase the life expectancy of the animal, reduce the likelihood of contracting a number of diseases, and also achieve a number of other positive effects.
At what age can you spay a dog?
It is worth knowing that there are no unambiguous conditions for what time such an operation can be carried out. Depending on the individual characteristics of the rate of development of the dog, such an operation can be carried out when the animals reach the age from six months to one and a half years. To find out more precisely what time such an operation will need to be carried out is possible only based on the results of blood tests of the dog for hormones, as well as examination by a specialist. veterinarian.
At what age to neuter a dog
Similarly to the timing of when a cat can be spayed, there are different opinions on when to perform such an operation on a dog.
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In the west, where the process of neutering pets is on stream, as to when to carry out such an operation, they generally try to adhere to the age of six weeks. There are negative opinions regarding this approach, since it is more difficult for a small puppy to choose the dosage of anesthesia, and the process of recovering from anesthesia and subsequent rehabilitation after surgery, due to the weakness of the animal’s body, can proceed with certain complications.
When considering when is the best time to neuter, it is advisable to consider changes in the dog’s psychology after puberty. It is worth knowing that from the moment of reaching reproductive age, the behavior of the animal changes significantly. This will concern both the desire for leadership in a certain territory, and will affect relations with representatives of the opposite sex. Therefore, if it is not planned to obtain offspring from an animal, it is recommended to sterilize puppies under the age of six months.
At the same time, the terms at what age dogs are sterilized also have maximum restrictions. Basically, it is not recommended to carry out such an operation in animals older than eight years, since in this case the risk of complications increases significantly, and the rehabilitation period will be much longer than in young animals.
To answer the question at what age a girl‘s dog is neutered, it is advisable to take into account several factors.
Surgery before or after estrus
In the event that offspring is not planned from the animal, it is advisable to carry out the operation shortly before the first estrus.
If the dog is to bring breeding puppies, neutering can be done after puberty, but no later than 6 years of age to avoid possible complications after surgery. In this case, the likelihood of developing malignant neoplasms is significantly reduced and the life expectancy of the animal increases.
When to neuter your dog after giving birth
Most experts recommend sterilizing a dog about a month after giving birth.
Contraindications to neutering dogs
In addition to knowing how many months the dogs are spayed, you will also need to have information about the conditions under which such an operation can seriously harm the pet’s health, or pose a threat to its life.
The list of contraindications for spaying a dog can be summarized as follows:
- the animal was purchased for breeding puppies;
- the dog has diseases that can be life-threatening when using general anesthesia (for example, kidney failure, cardiovascular problems, etc.);
- the animals reach the age of 8 or more years;
- predisposition of this dog breed to gaining excess weight after sterilization.