How to choose the optimal age and time
Dogs over the age of seven years undergo surgery harder and take longer to recover. At the same time, many veterinarians consider neutering compulsory for older dogs if they have not gone through it earlier. Older pets significantly increase the risk of cancer. Therefore, it is better to neuter the dog without delaying, and do not wait for the onset of aging.
For bitches in breeding, the last birth at the age of six years is optimal, followed by neutering. If the animal is not intended for breeding, the operation should be carried out earlier.
Sterilization too early (before six months) is also not the best option. At this age, surgery can lead to complications. The puppy’s body is actively growing and developing, and it is not worth interfering in this process without urgent need. In addition, any mistake in calculating the dosage of anesthesia for a puppy is extremely dangerous.
If the dog is not planned to be mated, the age from six months to one and a half years is considered optimal for most breeds.
Much depends on the size: in small breed bitches, the first heat begins early, you can sterilize the dog earlier or perform the operation immediately after it.
When to sterilize your dog
If the owners of the dog do not plan to engage in obtaining offspring from her and decide to neuter the pet, they should consult with the veterinarian at what age to carry out the operation.
It is usually recommended to sterilize your dog at 7-8 months after the first estrus. Having surgery at an earlier age is fraught with subsequent health problems and impaired puppy development. In addition, it is difficult to calculate the required dosage of the anesthetic drug, it is problematic to remove everything without the possibility of recovery, so as not to carry out the operation again.
Sterilization is recommended to be done 2 months after the end of estrus, so that in the future the dog does not suffer from a false pregnancy.
To know more precisely when to do sterilization, it is necessary to pass tests for hormones, to consult with the breeder from whom the puppy was purchased. this will give a complete picture of the hereditary and breed characteristics of the dog.
There are often cases when it becomes necessary to sterilize a bitch that has already given birth. The reason may be hormonal imbalance, expressed in prolonged estrus. Then the dog needs to be operated on for medical reasons.
It is highly undesirable to spay a pregnant bitch, unless it is necessary for health reasons and there are fears that the animal will not survive pregnancy and childbirth. In this case, it is impossible to delay the operation, however, it is necessary to conduct an examination before the surgical intervention.
If the pregnancy turned out to be accidental, due to an oversight of the owners, it is better to give the dog the opportunity to give birth, then attach the puppies and sterilize only a month later. During pregnancy, the uterus greatly increases in size, so the blood loss will be more extensive, besides, the rehabilitation period will increase, and it is not known whether the dog will be able to recover completely after it.
Opinions about whether it is possible to neuter a bitch at an advanced age (8-9 years) differ. Some veterinarians categorically do not recommend surgery, since the risk of urinary incontinence will increase significantly, and the animal may not come out of anesthesia. Others, on the contrary, consider the sterilization of an old dog, regardless of whether she gave birth or not, as the prevention of serious diseases, in particular. pyometra, because with age, the risk of cancer is very high.
The best option is to give a breeding bitch the opportunity to give birth at the age of 6, and then operate without waiting for the occurrence of dangerous diseases.
The main condition for sterilization is that the dog must be completely healthy at the time of the operation.
If you are not going to breed and attend exhibitions, it is better to naturalize your pet. This should be done in the prepubertal period, before puberty, at about six months of age. After spaying the bitch (removing the ovaries along with the uterus), she will not have two leaks a year, which means that she will not stain anything in the house with her bloody discharge, which lasts up to three weeks, and will not seek to escape from the house during this period. to mate with a dog, and you will not have to search for her all night long, since the vagrancy instinct inherent in the current bitches at the top of the hunt will not call her to wander. Sterilization helps the bitch to maintain a calm disposition, and the absence of heat does not prevent her from participating in various tests and competitions. In addition, naturalized bitches are less likely to develop breast cancer, cancer, and uterine or ovarian infections. In short, spaying a prepubertal bitch gives her a healthier life and less hassle and hassle for you.
Castration of a male dog (ligation of the spermatic cords or removal of the testicles) before he reaches one year of age will help protect him after puberty from diseases and prostate cancer and make him indifferent to the bitches in heat, for which, unlike his fertile (capable of reproducing) brethren, he will not break down the door, knock out windows, break down the fence, that is, demolish everything in its path, just to get them. In addition, a castrated dog will not mark all corners in your apartment, smelling the smell of a bitch in heat, show aggression towards a fellow in the fight for her and imitate copulatory movements, wrapping his front paws around your leg.
Many people avoid naturalizing their pets due to the fact that they believe false rumors, for example, that a neutered dog and a neutered bitch lose interest in life, become phlegmatic and obese. But the cause of obesity lies in the overfeeding of the dog and physical inactivity (a sedentary lifestyle), and not in naturalization. In fact, naturalized dogs are more obedient and easier to train than fertile ones, as they are more attentive and less distracted, therefore they often win trials and competitions. Neutered males are practically not distracted by external stimuli, concentrating entirely on their work, and neutered females participate in trials and competitions at any time of the year, since they do not have leaks that knock them out twice a year for 6-8 weeks.
Do not think that by naturalizing your pet, you will only achieve that he will remember this all his life and try to take revenge on you. No, your baby will become even more loyal and obedient to you.
Neutering dogs is not just a surgical operation that deprives a pet of fertility, but also a serious step for every pet owner, forcing them to think hard about whether or not it is worth it. On the one hand, this is a great way to save yourself from many problems, but on the other hand, sterilization is definitely a surgical intervention in the body and nature of the animal. What should you choose? The pros and cons are worth considering.
THE SIDE EFFECTS OF SPAYING A FEMALE DOG
Important arguments for sterilization
As you know, some pet owners resort to this procedure for one reason or another. What can push them to this act??
Sterilization is performed on dogs of both sexes to avoid unnecessary and sometimes uncontrolled offspring. And the operation has its own, indisputable, advantages. Pros of neutering dogs:
- The owners of the bitch will be able to walk the dog without hindrance, without the possible attacks of the surrounding males and their gatherings around the current friend. This will protect both humans and animals.
- The spayed males normalize their psyche, they stop running after every “bride”, exposing themselves to the danger of being lost, stolen or run over by a car. The same can be said for females.
- After sterilization, dogs lose their aggression towards people and other animals, as well as the desire to mark territory, and then, because of it, sort things out with “rivals”.
- The female who has brought offspring several times will preserve her health, and the operation will be an excellent prevention of possible diseases of the reproductive organs (pyometra, ovarian tumors, cysts, etc.).
- A dog’s life will become a couple of years longer (it is worth considering that one human year is more than seven human years).
- Sterilization will protect the animal from sexually transmitted diseases, which are common in dogs.
- Sexless pets are more loyal and easier to train.
- Sterilization protects against problems with unplanned offspring.
- This is the most humane way to reduce the number of mongrels, who often become homeless due to human fault.
As you can see, sterilization has a lot of positive advantages not only for the owners, but also for the pets themselves. But the medal also has a downside. What danger can this operation conceal??
- vaccination of dogs;
- castration of dogs.
How many months a girl‘s dog is sterilized
The operation can be performed in different ways. The choice depends on the condition of the animal, gender, age, and sometimes on the wishes of the owner.
The most common method is traditional castration (removal of the testicles) for males and abdominal surgery (removal of the ovaries and uterus through an incision). for bitches.
Occasionally, males may also need abdominal surgery (for example, if the testicles have not descended). Manipulations are performed under deep anesthesia.
Sometimes bitches do “partial” sterilization. It is about removing only the ovaries when the uterus remains. This method is usually used for animals at a young age, so you can spay a dog, a girl who has never given birth. However, it has a minus. tumors and other serious diseases are possible in the future. Recovery is approximately the same with full and “partial” sterilization.
Tubal occlusion is a more gentle technique. With her, no internal organs are removed, the fallopian tubes are simply ligated. Rehabilitation is faster, but problems are possible in the future. up to the restoration of fertility and the onset of pregnancy.
Laparoscopy is a less traumatic method than abdominal surgery, but it requires expensive equipment and jewelry skill of the surgeon. Manipulations are carried out through several punctures that do not require suturing.
The so-called chemical castration is a temporary measure that inhibits fertility for a certain period.
Medical sterilization is done with injections. However, this technique is extremely dangerous for the health of the animal, drugs lead to the development of serious diseases.
Veterinary surgeons usually say that, first of all, the animal must be completely healthy, age here is a secondary issue, albeit an important one.
Arguments against sterilization
When deciding on an operation, caring owners should also be aware of possible pitfalls. The disadvantages of spaying dogs include the following factors:
- This is a surgical operation and, despite all the predictability, things may not end so well; most often this is due to the low qualifications of the veterinarian and clinic, without proper experience, the doctor can make an irreparable mistake, for which the animal can pay not only with health, but also with life.
- For various reasons, complications may arise. bleeding, infection in the wound, the development of inflammatory processes, rupture of seams.
- The sterilized animal, due to a change in metabolism, in most cases, is prone to gaining excess weight and obesity.
- In the period from three to seven years after sterilization, urinary incontinence may develop. And this, in turn, becomes the cause of chronic pathologies of the urinary system.
- Anesthesia used during surgery can have a negative effect on the dog‘s body.
Taking into account all the pros and cons of sterilization, it is worth referring to the statistical data. deaths during the operation are extremely rare, and cases of the development of various diseases of the genitourinary system are quite common.
Optimal age for sterilization
A very important question asked by responsible pet owners: “At what age should you spay a dog?” Surgeons have only one answer. the animal should be, first of all, healthy, and how old it is, two or six, does not play a special role. However, there are a lot of nuances in this matter.
For example, dogs over seven years old are more difficult to endure any operations, it is more difficult to recover from anesthesia, and the rehabilitation period lasts longer, since the aging body recovers more slowly.
However, many experienced veterinarians agree that all adult dogs that have reached the age of eight should be sterilized without fail, regardless of whether they often gave birth, 1-2 times in their entire life, or did not give birth at all. Mature animals significantly increase the risk of developing cancer, and this operation is an excellent way to avoid terrible diseases.
It is believed that if the plans are to breed the breed, then the last birth of the bitch should take place at the age of six, and then it should be sterilized, without waiting for the aging of the body.
Quite often, you can hear different opinions about early sterilization, which takes up to six months. In fact, such sterilization is fraught with serious consequences, which often lead to significant delays in the development and manifestation of chronic diseases. In addition, there are certain difficulties in calculating the appropriate dosage of anesthetic drugs and removing organs that are not fully formed. Sometimes a microscopic, not removed part of the ovary can recover and in this case, a second operation will be required.
If breeding is not in the plans, then the most suitable period for sterilization is the moment two to three weeks before the first estrus. Operation at this time will significantly reduce the risks of breast tumors and disruptions in the hormonal system.
In most cases, this is the age of the animal from 6 months to 1.5 years. It all depends on several factors:
- breeds (small females tend to start flowing earlier);
- characteristics of the body (if the mother-dog was in heat a year, then, most likely, the daughter will do so).
To make sure that the time is right for the operation, it is necessary to pass tests to identify hormonal levels and consult with the breeder about the characteristics and hereditary predispositions of the pet.
In case of hormonal imbalance, abnormally long, abundant leaks, the bitch is sterilized, purely based on medical indicators. In this case, the facts of the presence or absence of childbirth are not taken into account.
Often, dog owners resort to sterilization as a way to get rid of an already existing pregnancy. But veterinarians warn against such operations. It is much safer for an animal to deliver offspring, to give birth and feed, than to undergo surgery at this time. During the period of gestation of puppies, the uterus of the bitch increases significantly, which leads to greater blood loss during sterilization and a longer recovery process.
If you overlooked your pet, then you should let the bitch fulfill her maternal duty and 30-35 days after giving birth, you can already have the operation. At this time, there is no need to postpone the procedure, but to carry it out in a timely manner.
When is the best time to spay or neuter your dog? Vlog 62
However, there are options when sterilization is done involuntarily. For example, if the dog has an ailment that does not allow to bear puppies and postpone the process of childbirth. In this case, the operation must be performed immediately, and the sooner this is done, the better.
What is a puppy metric and why is it needed? A puppy metric is the first dog document that.
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How is the sterilization procedure for a pregnant cat carried out? Scientifically, the procedure is called “extirpation of the pregnant uterus.” Done.
Remember, neglect of the doctor’s recommendations can lead to complications for the pet and unnecessary problems and costs for the owner.
- When preparing the animal for the operation, a diet must be followed (the dog should not be fed for about 12 hours), since the animal may experience a gag reflex when the drug is administered for anesthesia. It is best to prescribe the operation in the morning, when the animal is not yet very hungry and will not whine about it.
- The intestines and stomach must be emptied, for which 24 hours before the surgery, the dog should be given a laxative. vaseline oil (a tablespoon of oil will be enough). 4 hours before the operation, it is necessary to exclude the consumption of even water.
- All advice on preparing a bitch for sterilization can be obtained from a doctor. Before the start of surgery, premedication should be carried out — preparation for general anesthesia. For this, drugs are administered that support the normal functioning of the cardiovascular and respiratory system.
- If you find fleas in your dog, then they should be eliminated as soon as possible, and then the hair should be removed at the place where the operation itself will be performed. It is also necessary that the animal has been vaccinated against major viral infections.
The owner should take care of the choice of the clinic in advance for the sterilization of his dog. Please note that there is a sterile operating room and that there are certificates. In addition to this, there must also be a qualified team, an anesthesiologist and specialized equipment.
Preparing a dog for sterilization is an important procedure that largely determines the outcome of the operation and the course of the postoperative period.
How to prepare your dog for neutering?
The owner decides whether to sterilize his pet or not. If he does not plan to receive offspring from his pet and he has no time to burden himself with the care of the animal during pregnancy, childbirth or estrus, then of course it is better to decide on sterilization.
Long-term use of contraceptives disrupts the hormonal balance in the animal’s body and leads to the formation of various pathologies (cysts, glandular hyperplasia and uterine tumors, as well as frequent cases of pyometra. purulent inflammation of the uterus or hydrometers).
Re: Is neutering of dogs obligatory??
Irina_P »12 Feb 2015, 06:58
I believe that sterilization is mandatory for street stray dogs, so that they do not breed. And if it’s a pet, why? torment him with surgery. Especially in bitches this is a more difficult operation. The character may change, but the bully will not become a goody as soon as the eggs are cut off (sorry for being rude), and the girl, all the more, we do not tie up our pipes, although we do not plan to give birth to children every year. I feel sorry for animals in general.
Posts: 16 Registered: Feb 12, 2015 06:56 AM
When can you spay your dog?
What you need to know about the timing and organization of dog neutering
During the examination, the anamnesis of the animal’s life is taken into account (past illnesses, allergic reactions, etc.).
Re: Is neutering of dogs obligatory??
Sergey »13 Feb 2015, 21:50
Sterilization is an extreme measure! Remember a dog has a soul too.
Sterilization is possible only for medical reasons, and not on a whim. \
Imagine that someone wanted to make you childless? We humans must think before we act and think consciously.!
Re: Is neutering of dogs obligatory??
vitamina »Apr 26, 2015 11:43 pm
I don’t think it’s necessary. But as stated above, there are medical reasons. I don’t know about males, but in females, sterilization reduces the risk of various diseases.
Surgery before or after estrus
In the event that offspring is not planned from the animal, it is advisable to carry out the operation shortly before the first estrus.
If the dog is to bring breeding puppies, neutering can be done after puberty, but no later than 6 years of age to avoid possible complications after surgery. In this case, the likelihood of developing malignant neoplasms is significantly reduced and the life expectancy of the animal increases.
At what age to neuter a dog
Similarly to the timing of when a cat can be spayed, there are different opinions on when to do this for a dog.
In the west, where the process of neutering pets is on stream, as to when to carry out such an operation, they generally try to adhere to the age of six weeks. There are negative opinions regarding this approach, since it is more difficult for a small puppy to choose the dosage of anesthesia, and the process of recovering from anesthesia and subsequent rehabilitation after surgery, due to the weakness of the animal’s body, can proceed with certain complications.
When considering when is the best time to neuter, it is advisable to consider changes in the dog’s psychology after puberty. It is worth knowing that from the moment of reaching reproductive age, the behavior of the animal changes significantly. This will concern both the desire for leadership in a certain territory, and will affect relations with representatives of the opposite sex. Therefore, if it is not planned to obtain offspring from an animal, it is recommended to sterilize puppies under the age of six months.
At the same time, the terms at what age dogs are sterilized also have maximum restrictions. Basically, it is not recommended to carry out such an operation in animals older than eight years, since in this case the risk of complications increases significantly, and the rehabilitation period will be much longer than in young animals.
To answer the question at what age a girl‘s dog is neutered, it is advisable to take into account several factors.
When to neuter your dog after giving birth
Most experts recommend sterilizing a dog about a month after giving birth.
When to neuter your dog
If it is not possible to keep the puppies of a pet, the best option for suppressing reproductive function is to sterilize the animal. At the same time, in order not to harm the health of the animal, it is necessary to know at what age a dog can be neutered. With the right choice of the age of the operation, it is possible to increase the life expectancy of the animal, reduce the likelihood of contracting a number of diseases, and also achieve a number of other positive effects.
At what age can a dog be sterilized a girl
It is worth knowing that there are no unambiguous conditions for what time such an operation can be carried out. Depending on the individual characteristics of the rate of development of the dog, such an operation can be carried out when the animals reach the age from six months to one and a half years. To find out more precisely what time such an operation will need to be carried out is possible only based on the results of blood tests of the dog for hormones, as well as examination by a specialist. veterinarian.
Contraindications to neutering dogs
In addition to knowing how many months the dogs are spayed, you will also need to have information about the conditions under which such an operation can seriously harm the pet’s health, or pose a threat to its life.
The list of contraindications for spaying a dog can be summarized as follows:
- the animal was purchased for breeding puppies;
- the dog has diseases that can be life threatening when using general anesthesia (for example, kidney failure, problems with the cardiovascular system, etc.);
- the animals reach the age of 8 or more years;
- predisposition of this breed of dog to gaining excess weight after sterilization.
Benefits of laparoscopy
- Only the endoscope is inserted into the abdominal cavity of the dog. this is a guarantee that the surgeon does not forget anything inside.
- It is not necessary to prepare the dog for the operation for a long time, it is enough not to give it food 2-3 hours before the procedure.
- Reduced operation time. laparoscopy takes approximately 15 minutes. Thanks to this, the risks of complications are reduced.
- Postoperative care and medication are not required.
- Reduced risk of bleeding and infection during surgery.
- Fast recovery from surgery. food can be given 2 hours after sterilization.
- No postoperative stress.
- The procedure is less painful and easier for animals to tolerate.
- The puncture site is treated with surgical glue (seamless technology) or self-absorbable sutures. Seam processing is minimal (1-2 times) or not required at all.
Home sterilization operation
Many clinics offer home visits by a veterinarian. Consider the advantages and disadvantages of this kind of service.
Pros of home sterilization:
- No need to transport the animal. No stress during transportation.
- The dog falls asleep in its familiar home environment and wakes up there. She is not unnerved by other people’s sounds, smells. The recovery period is easier and faster.
- Guaranteed no contact with other dogs. In the clinic, such contact is possible.
- The doctor devotes all his time to your pet, is not distracted by other visitors.
- There is time to talk to the surgeon, ask questions and get answers to them.
- You are with your dog the whole time.
- There is no way to create completely sterile conditions.
- It is difficult to create the conditions necessary for the operation, find a suitable place.
- At home, only abdominal operations are performed.
- There is no equipment for resuscitation. If something goes wrong, the doctor will have to transport the animal to the clinic.
- Clean room with good light, bathroom best washed with disinfectants.
- Operation table. It also needs to be washed and treated with disinfectants.
- Medical oilcloth.
- A place where the surgeon can position his instruments.
The classic method of sterilization, in which the abdominal cavity is dissected under general anesthesia. Veterinarians practice three types of abdominal surgery:
- Amputation of the uterus and ovaries (ovariohysterectomy).
- Removal of the ovaries (ovariectomy). Most often performed before the first heat.
- Ligation of the fallopian tubes (oviduct) without removing the ovaries and uterus. The dog loses fertility, but can continue to mate.
The first two methods are scientifically called castration in veterinary medicine. However, the more common term is sterilization. It is this technique that is most often used. With this technology of surgical sterilization, the bitch loses its sexual instinct and the possibility of fertilization.
Types of dog neutering
Veterinary medicine does not stand still. today clinics offer various types and methods of sterilizing pets.
Care after sterilization surgery
In most cases, dogs recover quickly from surgery. But, in some difficult cases, the doctor may suggest leaving the animal in the hospital under the supervision of veterinarians for a day.
In what cases laparoscopy is not performed
- Dog weight over 15 kg.
- The animal has a history of: heart disease, bleeding disorders, lung pathology.
- Pregnancy bitch. late term.
What is sterilization
Sterilization is a surgical procedure after which the dog can no longer reproduce. The procedure is common, but requires preliminary preparation of the animal and has a recovery period. Surgery is performed under general anesthesia (anesthesia).
Responsibly approach the choice of the clinic and the doctor who will perform the sterilization in order to minimize the risks and unwanted consequences.