What to do when your puppy growls while feeding?
So the owner needs to be educated. The puppy growls when it wants to show its character. This behavior is best corrected from childhood. It will take a little work, but be aware. growling when eating is a very minor problem, although it is better to immediately solve it and forget.
For small puppies up to 3-3.5 months, fermented milk products are one of the main food products. The puppy is fed with kefir, yogurt, cottage cheese and yogurt. Self-made yogurt, by the way, comes out very inexpensively: from the products you only need milk and sourdough. Occasionally, it is useful to put a teaspoon of honey in porridge or dairy products. Some owners are cunning and put pieces of carrots, apples, nuts, etc. in the same kefir or yogurt. Not all puppies like to gnaw apples, so there is a sense in such a trick.
The diet of the puppy. How much food does a puppy need??
How much food to give the puppy for its full development? You will determine the portions yourself based on your dog’s breed, age and activity level. It is better to feed your pet more often, but in smaller portions. The ambient temperature also plays a significant role in the level of appetite. So, in winter, dogs eat with great appetite, but in summer the appetite usually drops significantly.
How much time to give for food?
What to do in case of a missed feed?
If, for some reason, you did not feed the puppy the prescribed portion of food in a timely manner, then in the next feeding you cannot report food to compensate for the missed one. That is, just give as much as you usually give.
How to feed your puppy correctly? Natural food rules.
The heredity of a puppy plays a role in its development, but you cannot change it. There is good news: moderate physical activity and proper feeding of the puppy play an equally important role, and therefore the full development of the puppy depends on the owner. You will find out exactly what products to feed the puppy with, but you will have to make up the diet individually, depending on the preferences of the animal. It will not be possible to remember all the rules and subtleties at once, however, every day you will gain experience, learn new things and over time you will be well versed in the puppy’s nutrition with natural products. In a word, it is not difficult to compose a puppy’s feeding ration, it is just that the owner needs time to improve his knowledge in this area.
Dog breeders argue endlessly about the best way to feed the puppy. As everyone knows, a dog. it is a carnivore that feeds on meat. It is really possible to get cereals in nature only from the stomach of a defeated victim, and even then there is not much of it. Obviously, the main food ingredient for any dog is meat and meat products. But feeding meat alone is also bad. First, read the basic rules for feeding a puppy, after which we will talk about the types of food suitable for his nutrition.
Complementary feeding for puppies
Many owners of young animals do not know how much a mother dog should feed a puppy on their own, so they often miss the right moment to start feeding. As a rule, puppies should be fed exclusively on breast milk up to three weeks of age. Only after this period, without taking the puppy away from the mother dog for at least another month, you can gradually begin to feed the puppies.
They usually start with 100 grams per day. just as much as necessary for easier adaptation to the new diet. Warmed cow or goat milk is poured into a bottle and fed to the puppies through the nipple, gradually increasing to 400 grams per day until the dog reaches one month of age. To saturate with protein and other useful components, you can add a beaten egg to the milk mixture.
You can also use regular infant formula instead of cow’s and goat’s milk. In addition, feeding a three-week-old puppy may include semi-liquid rice or buckwheat cereals made with milk or vegetable soup.
A couple of days after that, a small dog should be gradually accustomed to meat food, starting from 35 grams per day. low-fat finely chopped minced meat, raw meat. horse meat or, for example, beef, bringing up to 100 grams per day before they reach one month of age.
However, some veterinarians advise to start giving puppies meat from two weeks of age. about 10 grams per day, but each owner of a young dog must solve this issue for himself, for reliability, of course, it will not be superfluous to wait a month from the day of birth.
It is desirable that complementary foods for puppies include food rich in vitamins and minerals. as the first, carrots or cabbage added to the soup are suitable, well, and white chalk or crushed eggshells can become a mineral supplement for puppies.
How to feed your puppy correctly
When answering the question about how many times a day you need to feed puppies, first of all, you should take into account the size of the animal, because the larger the puppy, the more food is required for the full development of its body. Despite this, there are general guidelines on how to feed a puppy, adhering to which you certainly will not harm a small animal:
- feeding puppies until they turn one month old usually happens twice a day. in small portions of food;
- a one and a half month old puppy needs to be fed already 6 times a day. approximately every 3 hours, while gradually increasing the portions and reducing the number of meals up to 5 times;
- from four months, an already grown puppy should be fed even less often. 4 times a day;
- feeding six-month-old puppies should be three times a day;
- a one-year-old dog should be fed no more than twice a day.
And most importantly, starting from the puppy’s three weeks of age, no matter how many times a day is fed, the dog must have free access to drinking water.
Dry food for puppies
Dry puppy food is often source of mistrust for dog owners, who believe that such food can cause many serious diseases in their animals. This is especially true of the owners of monthly puppies who are just switching from milk to solid food, whose body has not yet matured and needs to ensure proper nutrition.
They are partly right, because not all manufacturers of these products are conscientious about their work and do not use ingredients that can really cause serious harm to a young creature. That is why, for baby dogs, you need to purchase food from proven, well-proven manufacturers.
These dry foods include, for example, Proplan and Royal Canin, which provide balanced nutrition for puppies of all sizes and are super premium foods that are closest to natural nutrition. True, the products of the second manufacturer are still more popular, and all because the manufacturer provides the opportunity to choose food designed for a particular breed of animal.
For example, Royal Canin Labrador Retriever Junior food is specially made for the full development of the developmental organism of a young Labrador. this product supports the correct functioning of the digestive system of a puppy of this breed, that is, its weakest point. It is worth noting that dogs often do not know the measure of food consumption, so giving as much as the animal wants is fraught with far from good consequences. In everything you need to know when to stop.
Royal Canin Cocker food for the breed of dogs Cocker Spaniel ensures the health of eyes, heart and even ears, because everyone knows that the ears of the spaniel are not so much a cute feature as the source of many, sometimes even very serious problems. In addition, feeding the spaniel with this particular product will allow the animal to always look great. beautiful shiny coat and healthy skin will become your dog’s “calling card”.
However, it is not recommended to feed one-month-old puppies of this breed with dry food. this food is intended for more mature dogs.
Royal Canin Dachshund is for dachshund puppies over 10 months old. Dogs of this breed often suffer from fragility of joints and diseases of the spine, therefore this food is aimed at providing adequate protection for the joints and bones of the dachshund. In addition, these products will prevent the animal from gaining excess weight, which means that the dachshund’s spine will not experience excessive stress, which, again, will only benefit the pet.
Feeding this food has a beneficial effect on the digestive system of the dachshund. By the way, the life expectancy of this dog breed is considered to be quite high, so this food, among other things, helps to maintain the health of the dachshund even in old age.
Royal Canin Yorkshire Terrier Junior is a specialized food for Yorkshire puppies that can be fed from one month of age. True, this must be done with caution and gradually. These products in the right proportions saturate the growing animal body with proteins, phosphorus and calcium, which contributes to the correct formation of the pet’s skeleton, and this, in turn, is the key to a healthy, and therefore happy existence.
In addition to the puppy food designed specifically for this breed of dog, the animal can be given food for small breeds, which is also produced by this company. This product is also suitable for a puppy of a toy terrier, lapdog, schnauzer and spitz and others. Speaking of the latter, dogs of some varieties of this breed can also be large in size, for example, West Siberian or East Siberian huskies, for which such food is hardly suitable.
Royal Canin is one of the most respected feed manufacturers.
As for the typical Pomeranian, it is best to give him natural food, as dogs of this breed can be very picky about food. Steamed vegetables. in addition to potatoes, apples, cereals, cereals and cottage cheese will be an excellent treat for a puppy of this breed. It will not be superfluous to note that bones, which are so fond of gnawing huskies, are strictly forbidden for a Spitz.
How To Feed Puppy Husky
Royal Canin German Shepherd Junior, made especially for a German shepherd puppy, up to 15 months old. Strong bones, good immunity. this is only a small part of what German shepherd puppies will gain with occasional use of this food.
In addition, the digestive system of the animal also receives proper protection, the “children” of the German Shepherd, who have sensitive stomachs and intestines, will forever forget about their problems. In addition to specialized food, for these dogs is also suitable food for large breed puppies, which is also dry. It is also suitable for their “relatives”. puppies of the Caucasian Shepherd Dog.
Royal Canine Maxi Junior Active, and it is under this name that food for puppies of large breeds is produced, they begin to give dogs from the age of two months. This feed line is very popular among those who own German and Caucasian Shepherd Dogs, Alabai, Mastiff, Great Dane, Large Laika and other large breed dogs. And this is not surprising, because this product is source of elements necessary for the proper development of the animal’s body.
To avoid unnecessary problems and questions, before a puppy appears in the house, you should definitely consult with a veterinarian, and then you will definitely know how to raise a healthy and strong dog.
How many months can puppies be fed?
Containing all the essential nutrients, mother’s milk is the best nutrition for puppies as they grow up. Although complete cessation of breastfeeding usually occurs at 6-8 weeks, most puppies begin to show interest in adult food as early as 3-4 weeks. During this period, you may notice how your little pets are spinning around mom’s bowl or licking food from her paws.
It is during this time that it is best to begin the gradual transition to food intended for puppies. If your choice fell on dry food, then at first it is advisable to stir it with a little water. As the puppy gets older, it will be possible to add less water to the food. However, remember: do not sharply wean your pet from mother’s milk and immediately feed him dry food. this can negatively affect the puppy’s digestive system.
Puppies enjoy learning about the world around them, but they need a lot of energy to do so. If you are faced with the question of how to feed your growing pet, try giving him special food for puppies. it contains all the nutrients and vitamins necessary for the body of your four-legged friend for its full growth and development. Foods intended for puppies are high in calories, which means that the average serving size should be small to prevent overloading your pet’s sensitive stomach and entire digestive system.
High-quality puppy food contains easily digestible proteins and all minerals necessary for your pet’s body, including calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, zinc, iron and vitamin D. All of these ingredients help to strengthen the bones and teeth of your four-legged friend. Another advantage of specially formulated puppy food is that it does not need to be supplemented with any nutritional supplement unless there is a specific medical indication. PURINA has developed a range of products specifically designed for feeding puppies:
Keep in mind that puppies have small mouths, so small pads in dry food are easier for them to chew than large pads. In addition, puppies enjoy chewing and chewing on hard pads. this helps their teeth stay strong, clean and healthy.
You shouldn’t change your puppy’s diet often, as this may well provoke stomach problems for your pet. Therefore, try not to transfer your puppy to a different species or even brand of food without appropriate medical advice provided by your veterinarian. If you still need to make certain changes to the diet of your four-legged friend, see the appropriate section of this site dedicated to the transition from one type of food to another.
What to use as complementary food?
Feed the puppies with the food you plan to give them in the future.
When choosing a natural type of feeding, suitable natural products are gradually introduced into the puppy’s diet. However, here you need to be very careful, because with the choice of products, it is easy for a beginner to make a mistake. Forming the diet of an adult dog on your own, and even more so when introducing complementary foods into the diet of a puppy, you need to take into account many nuances. The health of your pets directly depends on them.
It should be understood that it is impossible to perfectly balance the useful components of the feed at home and the animals will need additional vitamin and mineral feeding. It is much easier to make a choice in favor of high-quality ready-made complete feeds, since their composition fully meets the daily needs of the dog. Also with the first complementary foods. Best suited for this role is a special dry food for the first feeding of puppies. It’s called a starter.
First feeding for puppies
Why do puppies need complementary foods and what kind? When can puppies be fed and why? About this and much more in our article.
The first feeding of puppies is an important step on the way of their harmonious development, the foundation for good health and quality of life in the future. Complementary feeding allows you to make the transition from mother’s milk to an adult diet smooth and safe, saturates the fragile body with vitamins and minerals necessary for rapid metabolism.
Any changes in the diet can provoke serious digestive upset, even in an adult, perfectly healthy dog. What to say about puppies whose body is not yet strong? Puppies feed on mother’s milk for up to 2 months, but their partial acquaintance with the adult diet should begin at an earlier age. And that’s why.
If a baby feeding on mother’s milk is abruptly transferred to self-feeding, this will cause great stress to the body and make it vulnerable to a huge number of infections. In addition, a rapidly growing puppy’s body needs a full range of nutrients, minerals and vitamins every day. As the puppy grows older, breast milk is not enough to fully satisfy this need. Thanks to complementary foods, the puppy gradually gets to know a different type of feeding, without being deprived of the usual food. mother’s milk, and at the same time receiving the full range of nutrients it needs.
When to start feeding puppies?
Mother’s milk. the best food for helpless newborns. But already at the age of 2-3 weeks, the eyes and ears of the puppies open. and they become ready to get to know the world around them. This age is ideal for first feeding. It is very important here not to rush or be late.
If the puppies are given complementary foods prematurely, this will lead to a reduction in the mother’s milk production (since the puppies will consume less milk due to the feed), disruption of natural nutrition and malnutrition. At the same time, delayed complementary foods will lead to stunted growth and development of the body. The puppy will grow weak and sickly.
Starter for puppies
Starters are assigned to puppies at the age of 2-3 weeks. Quality starters. ideal complementary food for babies. They are formulated according to the needs of a fast growing organism and their composition is carefully balanced. Such food is easily digestible, does not cause indigestion and saturates the body with a full range of vitamins and minerals for proper development.
But what is so special about starters, why are they better than natural food? Let’s break it down based on the popular Monge puppy starter (Monge Superpremium Starter).
The starter has an increased amount of fat and protein, which is very important for the development of the puppy during the period of rapid metabolism.
High protein in starter promotes proper muscle tissue formation.
The starter contains glucosamine, chondroitin, calcium and phosphorus. exactly in the amount necessary for the healthy formation and development of the skeleton and cartilage tissue.
The starter includes X.O.S. for the formation and strengthening of independent puppy immunity.
Only high quality fresh meat is used for the production of the starter, which does not cause digestive problems and promotes easy absorption of nutrients.
When feeding with a starter, additional vitamins and minerals in the diet are not required.
Balanced starters can be used not only as complementary foods, but also for feeding an adult dog during pregnancy and lactation, which is very convenient.
Whichever food you choose, do not forget that you should never mix two types of feeding (natural and ready-made).!
When introducing complementary foods to puppies’ diets, do not hesitate to consult with experienced breeders and experts. This is an important issue that requires your attention and the right approach. It is in the first weeks and months of life that the foundation for the subsequent health of your pets is laid, and they should not be risked.
Very soon, at the age of 2 months, babies will need to be switched to complete puppy food. But we’ll talk about this in our next article.
How to wean puppies from breast milk?
As soon as the puppies begin to receive two or three full feedings per day and their age is 40-45 days, I begin the process of weaning the puppies from mother’s milk and the gradual withdrawal of the bitch from the lactating state. I transfer the bitch from the puppies to another enclosure (she is incredibly happy about that, because the puppies constantly rush after her and try to suck at the first opportunity, their teeth have already grown and the bitch is simply sucked and exhausted). I bring the bitch to the puppies only for feeding and immediately take her back. During this period, it is important to monitor the bitch, monitor her mammary glands, in order to exclude the formation of mastitis. It is necessary to transfer the bitch to a different diet, which will gradually reduce milk lactation. The principle is simple. we feed the bitch high-calorie food only before each feeding of the puppies, gradually reducing the rate and amount of fluid consumed. As the number of puppies fed decreases, the number of bitches fed decreases. No matter how sorry for the emaciated bitch, we first need to stop lactation, and only then put the bitch on restorative nutrition. Experience has shown that milk should burn out in a week or ten days. So, we have achieved the fact that puppies can do without breast milk and eat on their own. Now it is necessary to feed the puppies often, at least 5-6 times, by three months one feeding can be reduced, but at the same time the portions grow.
Puppy food recipes.
Having started feeding the puppies with semolina porridge in goat milk, in 2-3 days we introduce the following product. We make complete complementary foods for puppies from dry food. I have been using the firm’s dry food for large and giant breed puppies from three weeks of age. These are small, tasty balls that are easily steamed and eaten with pleasure by Caucasians. I use a glass jar to prepare such food. I pour dry food about 1/3 of the can and fill it with hot water (50-60 degrees) and leave it to swell. this process is very clearly visible in a glass jar. For the first feeding of the puppy, we get a creamy homogeneous gruel. after a month it will be possible not to steam the food much. For one puppy, you can take a half-liter jar, pour in one part of dry food (calculate the required amount according to the table on the package in accordance with the age and weight of the puppy) and pour two parts of water. So, we already have two recipes for feeding puppies. semolina porridge with goat milk and steamed dry food.
After another 2-3 days, I add new products to the puppies’ complementary foods. preferably homemade cottage cheese, kefir and an egg. I rub the cottage cheese so that there are no lumps, I add kefir and sweet honey water (I dilute 1 teaspoon of honey in a glass of hot water, and for one puppy there is enough honey on the tip of a teaspoon). After a couple of days, I add a raw egg to the curd meal. Very satisfying, tasty, healthy and the best source of calcium. once a day it is imperative to feed the puppy with such a curd mass.
After another 2-3 days, it is very useful to start giving the puppies raw meat (beef or veal) if you are sure of its quality. If you give the liver (heart, liver, scar, etc.), then only boiled. I get used to meat gradually and in small portions. For this, for the first month, I twist the meat (raw or boiled) through a meat grinder and give each puppy separately from my hand (by this we teach that the owner’s hand bears only good!). When the puppy’s body gets used to both meat and other foods, you can add meat porridge to the puppy’s complementary foods.
Meat porridge recipe for a little puppy. I cook cereals. rice or buckwheat until cooked and in enough water so that the porridge is like a thick soup. You can add grated carrots when cooking. Then put the prepared porridge in a feeding bowl and add the minced meat, stirring everything well. The ratio of meat to porridge is 3 to 1, i.e. three parts minced meat and one part porridge. I add a teaspoon of olive oil (for one puppy, a quarter teaspoon is enough for the first time).
Thus, we are already feeding the puppies: meat, meat porridge, cottage cheese on kefir, dry soaked food. When I teach a puppy to meat porridge, I no longer cook semolina, but I continue to give goat milk. You can pour it into a separate bowl and leave it in the aviary so that the puppies can drink after the main feeding. From the moment of the first feeding, for about two weeks, I accustom the puppies to a full diet and gradually begin to wean the puppies from mother’s milk.
Complementary feeding for puppies: how much to feed a puppy up to three months.
This article is about how the feeding of puppies is organized under a lactating bitch, how to teach a puppy to eat independently and how to stop a puppy from mother feeding, we give some recipes and tips. how much to feed a Caucasian Shepherd puppy from one month to three months of age.
Complementary feeding for puppies in a litter.
The time comes to feed the puppies and the question arises before you: when, with what, in what portions, with what additives, how often, in what quantity to give this or that product, etc.? I start feeding when the puppies are three weeks old, when they are still on the main feeding of the bitch. Therefore, complementary feeding of puppies begins in small quantities, from 1-2 times a day, gradually replacing maternal nutrition and switching to 5-6 full-time feeding of puppies. Usually for complementary foods I use goat’s milk, dry dog food from the best manufacturers, semolina, cottage cheese, kefir, eggs, meat, cereals. And now in detail.
How I Prepare Puppy Food for the First Time.
For the first time, puppies can be fed with both goat milk and liquid semolina in goat milk. Caucasian Shepherd puppies are quite large babies and I start feeding immediately with porridge. I cook semolina porridge on the water, as for myself. I put the porridge in the bowl in which I will teach puppies to eat for the first time and add goat’s milk there. It is not necessary to boil goat milk, and if it was taken on the market and you doubt the freshness of the milk, then bring it to 70-80 degrees (home pasteurization), but do not boil it. The gruel turns out to be watery, which is what we need! We check if it’s hot or not. the porridge should be like fresh milk (37-40 degrees), since the puppies are used to getting warm food from the mother’s nipple.
How to teach your puppy to eat from a bowl.
Carefully, I hold the puppy by the shoulders with my right hand, and with the other hand I hold the front paws so that the puppy does not climb into the bowl with them. At the same time, I tilt the puppy’s head into the bowl and dip his nose into the porridge. To teach a puppy to eat from a bowl, usually one dipping is enough, the puppy quickly realizes that it is delicious there. From experience, I advise you to use bowls with vertical sides, and not with beveled ones, since the puppy is uncomfortable reaching for food, and he is forced to climb into the bowl with his paws. The vertical sides of the bowl provide quick access to porridge, and the puppy gets used to eating food from the bowl correctly. The first time I give the porridge just to try, to teach the puppy to eat on its own. The body of a small puppy is not yet accustomed to a different diet, so I teach it gradually and in small portions. After 10-12 hours, I repeat complementary foods with fresh porridge. That’s enough for the first day. The next day I give the same freshly cooked porridge, and increase the trial portion by about two times. To make it clearer in terms of portion size. if this is one puppy, then it is enough to pour the porridge only to the bottom of the bowl (I use small bowls, 0.5 liter in volume). The main thing is to understand that the first complementary foods (2-3 days) we do not have the task of feeding the puppies, our task is to teach the puppy to eat from the bowl on his own.
When Should Puppies Start Eating Food?
Summarize: How much to feed a puppy from a month to three.
1st recipe for complementary feeding for puppies: semolina porridge with goat milk, which is subsequently replaced by meat porridge with rice or buckwheat with the addition of carrots and olive oil. How much to feed the puppy: 1-2 feedings per day, the proportion of meat porridge in the daily diet of the puppy increases in winter and decreases in summer. 2nd recipe for feeding puppies: curd product. cottage cheese with kefir, with the addition of raw eggs and honey. How much to feed the puppy: 1 feeding. 3rd recipe for complementary feeding for puppies: dry food steamed in water or goat milk. How much to feed the puppy: 1-2 feedings, if high-quality imported food is used, then this is a guaranteed good nutrition for the puppy. the basis of the future ration of constant feeding. 4th recipe for complementary feeding for puppies: raw or boiled meat, passed through a meat grinder. How much to feed your puppy: 1-2 feeds, this is the best natural puppy food. How to alternate feedings? There is not much difference and you can vary these feedings as convenient for the owner, but the most important thing is that a fresh product is prepared for each feed of the puppies. You cannot immediately cook large portions and then reheat them from the refrigerator. the puppy’s body is still weak, and the food must be absolutely fresh. I prefer to give a dairy menu in the morning. goat milk with dry food or curd product. In the daytime and in the evening, you can give dry food on the water, and at night meat, warm porridge (especially in winter, so that the puppies are not cold), in the summer I rarely give porridge, replacing them with boiled meat and water.
Using vitamins in puppy food.
Starting from 2 months of age, we begin to add vitamins in the morning feeding. Required vitamins: trivit ;. calcium-containing preparations for puppies of large breeds. How much vitamins to feed your puppy? The norm and again the norm, all according to the instructions.
0 months to adulthood
Puppies still need additional nutritional support for joint health as they get older, especially large breed puppies, as their body weight puts a lot of stress on the skeleton.
Precise Nutrient Balance
Our wet products are very palatable even for the pickiest puppies.
When your puppy becomes an adult dog?
|Average weight of an adult animal||Up to 4 kg||Up to 10 kg||11-25 kg||26-44 kg||45 kg and more|
|Duration of growth (birth to adulthood)||8 to 10 months||8 to 10 months||12 months||15 months||18 to 24 months|
Why puppy nutrition matters so much
Puppies go through a period of intense growth and development. Nutrition plays a key role in supporting these processes and mainly influences how strong and healthy your puppy will be as an adult dog.
and feeding puppies during the suckling period
It is very important to establish in a timely manner when the puppy is not getting enough milk and start feeding them. It should be borne in mind that both late and premature complementary foods are equally unacceptable. Delayed feeding of puppies will cause a delay in their growth, while premature feeding will lead to a decrease in the daily consumption of mother’s milk by puppies and, consequently, to a decrease in the production of this milk. In terms of its qualitative composition, no complementary food can be compared with the milk of bitches, and therefore it is necessary to prolong the feeding of puppies with mother’s milk as much as possible. This circumstance justifies the ban on service dog breeding federations of some Western European countries to leave more than six puppies with whelping bitches. These federations are deliberately going to limit the annual number of puppies in order to provide a longer nutritious nutrition of abandoned puppies and create favorable conditions for their growth and development.
There are high-milk females capable of normally feeding seven to eight or more puppies, but this is still not correct, but a rare exception. In addition, for such bitches, feeding a large number of puppies does not go unnoticed. With large litters, the body of the lactating is forced to give up its internal reserves for milk production, which adversely affects its condition.
How to identify high-milk female dogs that are able to feed seven to eight or more puppies without harm to their body? Daily determination of body weight of suckling puppies and observation of their behavior will help us in this. If puppies of litters of six to seven heads up to three weeks of age do not need complementary foods, which was confirmed by their calm behavior and daily weight gain, then this is true of the indicatively high milkiness of their mother. In such a bitch, with the subsequent whelping, you can leave two or three more puppies against the usual one. But still, we do not recommend leaving more than eight puppies even in high-milk bitches.
An objective indicator of the need to start feeding puppies is the results of daily determination of their body weight and observation of their behavior. A sharp reduction within two to three days of the average daily weight gain and restless behavior of puppies (whining, crawling a lot and fingering nipples) serve as a signal of the need for complementary feeding. This usually occurs with litters of five to six puppies and sufficient milkiness of the bitch when the puppies reach three weeks of age or two to three days earlier, and with a larger number of puppies (seven to eight) and insufficient milkiness of the bitch. at the beginning of the third week of life of the puppies or two to three days earlier.
High-milk females are able to feed puppies over three weeks of age, but it is not recommended to postpone complementary foods. According to the established practice in service dog breeding clubs and in many departmental kennels, puppies are weaned from their mothers in most cases when they reach the age of 30-40 days, and by that time they should be weaned from their mother’s milk. In addition, prolonged feeding of puppies with one mother’s milk can lead to a lactating bitch to great emaciation and general weakness.
Puppies are fed twice on the first day and gradually increased to four times a day. Begin to feed cow’s milk with a chicken egg from 100 g per day and by the age of one month bring up to 400 g per day (including the milk used to make milk porridge).
From the age of three weeks, puppies are fed from small, but deep enough and stable clay bowls so that they cannot overturn and climb in them with their paws. Each feeder is allocated for one or two puppies. Puppies quickly get used to eating food from bowls. It is enough to dip their muzzle several times in milk or milk porridge.
We recommend developing a conditioned reflex in puppies to a sound signal (hand slaps on the floor near the feeders, whistle, etc.) before feeding. After a few days, the puppies will resort to feeding troughs at this signal.
Feeding your puppy with natural food
The method of feeding dogs with natural products is chosen by many owners. The reasons for choosing are as follows:
- natural food is cheaper than buying ready-made food;
- natural food gives confidence in the quality of food.
The main motto is “Only natural”, does the prospect of standing near the stove for a long time not scare you? We recommend paying attention to the freshness of the food. Meat “with a smell” for a low price will play a cruel joke with the health of an eared baby. Poisoning with low-quality products is not uncommon. Remember that a puppy is a small child, so it should be responsible for nutrition.
Second rule: you cannot feed the dog from the table! Signature fragrant borscht flavored with sour cream, cabbage rolls prepared according to a family recipe will please people, but not the puppy, and will respond to problems with his well-being!
What to feed your puppy
A cheerful, funny, fluffy puppy appeared in the house? Reflecting on the issues of proper care, bathing, walking? A loving owner takes care of any nuances. We will have to solve an equally important problem. pet food. The daily diet determines the baby’s health, appearance, smoothness of the coat, strength of teeth, activity, cheerfulness. It is impossible to bypass the menu, therefore we will open the question “how to feed the puppy correctly”.
Experienced dog breeders understand the importance of choosing the right nutrition for the furry family member, providing the necessary micronutrients. And for beginners on the part of raising dogs, it is not easy to understand the intricacies of the matter. What can you feed your puppy, what kind of food to choose, whether you need to mix natural food. there are many questions in the head of the new owner. Let’s figure it out in order.
Good Puppy Feeding: Key Points
When choosing the type of dog food (dry food or natural food), be guided by the rule. do not overfeed! Overeating can have serious consequences. Growing a pet’s stomach to a large size is not worth it, overfeeding will respond with poor health, joint problems, which is especially important for large breed dogs), a disease of the internal organs.
When can puppies be fed? Before bed if the dog is hungry. Offer your pet milk porridge, pamper it with meat, but do not make the ritual daily.
What can you feed your little friend?
The nutrition of a puppy up to 4 months includes milk. This product provides vital elements for the growth and development of the fool. Offer raw and cook milk porridge. Not every milk will work. Choose a goat, you won’t be mistaken. it is rarely allergic to it, and it is easier for the body to accept. Problem finding a goat? You can give cow, but diluting with water, so you can avoid intestinal upset.
Closer to six months, the amount of milk is reduced, gradually canceled, replacing with fermented milk products.
2) Fermented milk products
Competent feeding of puppies consists of many factors, including sour milk. Good digestion, enrichment of the body with calcium is a great reason to buy cottage cheese, kefir, low-fat sour cream for your pet. Serum is one of the most useful products, it contains a huge amount of useful substances. According to the degree of usefulness, hard cheese varieties are distinguished, which are easy to use as a reward during training.
The daily menu must be present, at least 40% of the total diet. You can give raw, frozen, boiled, scalded meat. The priority is still given to raw meat, because the upbringing of the predator is underway. What types can you include in your puppy’s diet??
- skinless chicken;
- offal (cooked, raw).
Meat is given, cut into cubes, but not minced meat.
Offer your puppy twice a week. Give preference to sea fish (river fish is often dangerous to health): squid, shrimp, mackerel, hake, pollock. Do not mix with meat feeds.
Teach your baby to vegetables: they contain a lot of vitamins. Mix with cottage cheese, porridge, grind on a fine grater, offer in the form of mashed potatoes or stew. and delicious dishes are ready that are well digested. Useful pumpkin, carrots, zucchini, beets, herbs (onions, parsley, spinach).
Undoubtedly useful, so feel free to include in the diet, especially if the dog likes to crunch an apple. Beware of pitted fruits containing hydrocyanic acid. It is undesirable to give bananas, the fruit will provoke a rapid weight gain. Grapes and currants cause bloating, accumulation of harmful substances in the body.
Let’s make a reservation right away: porridge for puppies as the main element of the menu is excluded. Cereals are good for digestion, but you shouldn’t feed a growing dog with cereals alone. And as a supplement to the dairy and meat diet, they are ideal.
What porridges will a fluffy baby like??
When adding a certain type of porridge to the menu, monitor the condition of the puppy, in case of intestinal upset, exclude this type for a while.
Serve as an excellent source of protein, it is recommended to include egg yolk in the diet 2 times a week. The doggie will like omelets, eggs in their pure form. Quail eggs are ideal.
Feeding the puppies with food
How to properly feed a puppy with dry food. every owner will think about it, deciding to make food the main way of feeding a little four-legged friend. Many people worry that dry food contains few important substances for harmonious growth and development. Year after year, manufacturers develop food that can satisfy a dog’s hunger, provide the animal with all vital vitamins and minerals, give a smooth shiny coat, strong teeth. Dry food is properly balanced, it is easy to give food, observing the instructions for the daily rate.
The baby is recommended to give food soaked. Thirty minutes before the intended feeding, the granules are poured with warm water to swell. The use of broths for this purpose is excluded.
How many times to feed the puppy dry food per day? Follow the recommendations on the packaging. Do not exceed the dose: there is a high risk of nutrient overdose. It is important for the owner to know that dry food is very high in calories, differs from natural food, so you need to pour granules to the dog strictly according to the instructions.
There are situations that require the transfer of a puppy from natural food to purchased food. This should be done gradually, without sudden jumps, first consult your veterinarian.
The Zoomix store offers dry food in existing classes: from economy options to super premium. We advise you to turn the take out on the following brands:
- Hill ”s;
- Royal Canin;
- Eagle Pack;
- Purina Proplan;
Puppy menu 1. 3 months:
- 7:30. milk porridge / cottage cheese seasoned with sour cream;
- 10:30. chopped meat mixed with porridge and boiled carrots;
- 13:30. milk;
- 16:30. porridge with meat products and vegetables;
- 19:30. milk porridge with fruit / milk.
- 22:30. raw meat cut into small pieces.
A couple of times a week it is necessary to add boiled eggs and an omelet to the puppy’s diet, depending on which one eats better. Raw meat must be frozen for 3 days before use. It must be scalded immediately before eating.
How to feed your puppies with fresh food in a balanced way.
Let’s figure out what you can still feed a month-old puppy. The main thing to remember is that you should feed your dogs fresh food. Saving is inappropriate here, meat with a smell is not suitable for a month-old pet. This issue should be approached responsibly. Poisoning with poor-quality, expired food is a common event in pets.
- The main food for a puppy’s diet is meat. Meat feeding makes up 40% of the food consumed. Meat is given per 1 kilogram of weight of 30 grams of product. You can feed your pet raw, boiled, or scalded meat. Large breed dogs are best fed raw meat, like carnivores. Chicken can be eaten by pets, but only chicken meat should be skinless. Beef, turkey, veal are added to the diet. Meat by-products are also suitable for feeding cute crumbs. Meat products should be cut into small pieces.
- What else can you feed your puppy at 1 month old? Fish. Great for feeding your puppy. Seafood is allowed to be enjoyed 2 times a week. Saltwater white fish are best if they are low in bone. It is better not to give river fish, the baby may choke. It is not necessary to boil the fish, but it may contain helminths. Fish feeding replaces meat.
- Milk feeding. The baby is given milk for 4-6 months. Milk feeding is essential for the health of newborn puppies. You can give cow’s or goat’s milk. Goat is the best option as it does not cause allergies. Cows are diluted before use to avoid diarrhea. Porridge is also cooked in milk. At six months, milk is removed from the diet, they do it gradually, without disrupting the puppy’s feeding regime.
- Another feeding is fermented milk. They should be present in the puppy’s menu to avoid calcium deficiency. What can you give a puppy from milk: cottage cheese, kefir, sour cream with low fat content. Feeding fermented milk products will ensure proper digestion. Healthy teeth will be an indicator of proper grooming, and if the dog could speak, he would say thank you. During training, do not forget to give an occasional piece of cheese.
- Porridge. Cereals should be included in nutrition schemes in a strict order. But this does not mean that only these should be given. The main food is milk and meat, and then cereals are included in the diet. Rice, buckwheat, oatmeal, semolina kushu are cooked in milk. Watch how the dog carries each rump. In case of indigestion, cereals are excluded for 10 days.
- It is advisable to feed the dog with vegetables. In order for a friend to receive vitamins, you need to give vegetables to your pet. Suitable: beets, carrots, pumpkin, zucchini. Start stewing the vegetables a little at a time to avoid stomach problems. Add small amounts of greens to your puppy’s food.
- For good nutrition of dogs, fruits and berries are also suitable. If you want to pamper your friend, treat him with a slice of apple. Puppies of all breeds love sweet treats. Can you ask dogs if chocolate? No, chocolate and chocolates have a negative impact on animal health. They can be replaced with dried fruits. Four-legged grapes cannot be eaten either.
Note! Do not forget to give eggs occasionally. For good nutrition of puppies, both a raw egg and a boiled one are suitable. It depends on what the pet likes best.
How often puppies eat by age.
Veterinarians recommend feeding the dog strictly according to a specific schedule. The feeding routine of the puppy changes as it grows. It is enough to feed an adult dog 2 times a day, a monthly pet 6 times. In this case, the portion of one feeding increases in volume. For a dog to grow up healthy, strong, beautiful, you need to properly feed the puppy. Frequent feeding at 1 month of age allows the body to obtain adequate amounts of micronutrients.
Puppy Feeding Chart.
|Age||How often to feed||Meal Hours|
|1 month||6||7:30; 10:30; 13:30; 16:30; 19:30; 22:30|
|2 month||five||7:30; 10:30; 14:30; 18:30; 22:30|
|4 months||five||7:30; 10:30; 14:30; 18:30; 22:30|
|6 months||four||7:30; 12:30; 17:30; 21:30|
|10 months||3||7:30; 13:30; 21:30|
|12 months||2||7:30; 21:30|
Puppies should be fed on a schedule. Newborn puppies should have a specific daily routine. Therefore, before acquiring a new domestic animal, you should think about whether there will be enough free time. Pets should not adapt to the rhythm of the owner’s life, especially while the baby is small. Dogs should not be fed randomly, this will lead to developmental delay and numerous diseases. You also need to walk at the set time, preferably 20 minutes after feeding.
How Many Times a Day Should DOGS EAT?. Puppies and Adults
Proper feeding of a month old puppy
Before you start a pet four-footed friend, you need to learn how to feed your puppy properly. Dogs are predators by nature, so meat and fish must be included in the diet. They contain many useful trace elements. They also have a sufficient amount of proteins, fats and vitamins, which are necessary at this age. Feed your dogs meat meals at least once a week.
It is recommended to give food at a certain time, not to feed small puppies, so as not to stretch the stomach. It is very important to feed the puppy correctly, overeating will negatively affect health, the animal will grow up defective. Representatives of a large breed, instantly gaining weight in the future, will have joint problems. Fasting for 1 month is also categorically unacceptable.
Veterinarians advise you to follow a few rules for proper feeding of your puppy:
- The diet should include a variety of foods that are rich in vitamins and nutrients.
- Drinking water should always be in an accessible place for the pet. This is very important if he is dry fed.
- Feed your puppy only food at room temperature.
- It is worth feeding a small puppy a small portion, he should not overeat.
- Observe the diet. Feed your pet at the appointed time three times a day.
- Refuses to eat, then it is worth hiding the plate until the next required hour.
- Sweet and salty foods should not be included in your dog’s diet. It will only hurt a growing puppy.
- Place the feeding plate at the level of the animal’s head. Large breed dogs may develop curvature of the spine.
Recommended diet for puppies
The dog should be fed according to its body weight. At the age of 1 month and up to 6, the daily portion is 7% of body weight. Then the percentage of the weight becomes less, it drops to 3%. In practice, the daily dose of food can be determined by observing the animal. A bowl licked to a shine means that the pet does not finish eating, but on the contrary, the left food symbolizes overeating. In each case, you need to adjust the regime and diet.
It is necessary to feed the dogs at the same time. If the fluffy miracle refused to eat, you should not force him, he probably is not hungry. Perhaps this product does not induce appetite, allergic reaction, not digestion of this food. Suggest another option the next time you feed your puppy. If the doggie constantly refuses to eat, you should contact the veterinary clinic.
How to feed your puppies dry food.
Dry food. this is another thing you can feed a baby puppy in 1 month. It’s cheaper to feed a grown pet straight, but it takes a lot of time. Therefore, the owners often transfer the cubs to dry food. Dry food is a good option for feeding dogs, it is balanced and contains nutrients and vitamins. To transfer the doggie from milk feeding to dry feeding should be gradually, observing the feeding scheme. Abrupt transition can cause constipation.
What can you feed your little month old puppy?
By purchasing a cute tiny puppy, not only joy and tenderness come into the house, but also a great responsibility for a new life. In the early days of a four-legged friend, his diet is especially important. A conscientious owner should know what to feed a little month old puppy. After all, the dog’s health directly depends on what he eats. For a pet to grow up healthy and strong, feeding must be balanced. The body must receive a sufficient amount of nutrients and vitamins.
Advantages of dry food:
- No need to waste time cooking.
- The cost is lower than with natural food.
- Convenient to use.
- The packaging is stored for a long time.
- There is no need to plan the diet as the feed is balanced.