How many months can puppies be fed?
Feeding puppies under one month of age
In order to control the growth and development of puppies, in order to know how they eat, they should be weighed daily. This procedure should always be carried out at the same time and preferably before meals. But sometimes this can be difficult due to the fact that hungry puppies are horny and difficult to keep them on the scales. Then you should try to weigh the puppies after eating: the well-fed behave calmer. But in this case, you will continue to weigh them after eating.
In order to make it easier to distinguish between “babies”, it is necessary immediately at birth to put colored woolen threads around their neck, which must be changed as the puppies grow, so as not to cut into the neck. Weighing results should be entered in the table.
During the first day, puppies may not gain weight, this is not a big deal. But on every next day there should be stable gains. Those puppies that do not gain weight well should be placed more often on the back, the milkiest nipples, making sure that they are not pushed away by the stronger ones. If you feed puppies “in two shifts”, these puppies should arrange “extraordinary” feedings.
For newborn puppies, the ambient temperature is very important. Hypothermia in puppies is very dangerous and can lead to their death. The temperature should be maintained at 22-24 ° C. Starting from 6-7 days, the temperature is gradually reduced. Drafts must not be allowed.
Puppies should always be full. If no more than six puppies were born or left behind, then they are with the mother all the time. You only need to make sure that strong puppies do not push back the weak.
Puppies that are losing or poorly gaining weight require special attention. Perhaps they should be fed. The weakest, especially if there are fears for their lives, can be supported with aminovit or gamavit (0.3-0.5 ml intramuscularly once). Well-fed puppies sleep, hungry ones crawl and squeak. However, it happens that puppies become so weak that, despite hunger, they lie still.
The following indicators should serve as a guide in the development of puppies:
- 9-day-old puppies should double their daily weight;
- 15-day-old puppies should triple their daily weight;
- by the 25th day, puppies increase their daily weight by 5-6 times;
- by the 30th day, they increase it 6-7 times;
- on the 5th-8th day, the puppies open their auditory canals, they begin to hear;
- on the 10-15th day, the puppies open their eyes;
- by the 14-16th day, hearing becomes normal;
- on the 20-25th day, the puppies erupt milk teeth;
- after that, within 8-10 days, the canines and incisors completely erupt;
- by two months milk false-rooted teeth appear;
- the puppy’s limbs begin to grow in length from four weeks of age.
In the first two weeks of life, the development of puppies is largely dependent on the nutrition of the mother. Their only food is mother’s milk. How to increase the amount of milk in a bitch. see the chapter “Feeding a lactating bitch”.
If there are more than eight puppies, they should be divided into two batches. The first batch of puppies is under the bitch and eats, the second batch is in a box and sleeps. It is necessary to take care of those puppies that will lie in the box. It is very good to cover the bottom of the box with a piece of fur, under which you place a heating pad. If there is no fur, any natural shaggy fabric will do. You can also cover the puppies from above, but the main thing here is not to overdo it, otherwise the puppies may suffocate. The heating pad should be placed before the 8-9th day.
If your puppies are divided into two parties, then before placing the “babies” from the non-feeding part to the nipples, you should first give them to the bitch so that she licks them. At this age, the puppies are not able to do their own thing, so the help of the bitch is necessary. If the bitch is not good at licking the puppies, then either you have to do the massage yourself to simulate the mother’s licking (using a piece of cotton wool dipped in vaseline or vegetable oil), or make her lick the puppies. To do this, you can resort to trick. If after your massage with the use of vegetable oil the bitch does not begin to lick the puppies, then you can try to lubricate their tummies and anus with honey, sour cream, butter, then surely the “mother” will get down to business.
In the absence of such massage, the puppies will not be able to go to the toilet and gastrointestinal problems will begin, and so serious that the puppies may even die. Puppies with stool retention are immediately noticeable. they are anxious, refuse to eat, they have a swollen belly.
Comparative composition of milk from domestic and farm animals
With numerous litters, due to a lack of milk, puppies may gain weight poorly, daily gains will be very small and, inevitably, you will have to start early feeding. In this case, it is very important that the bitch feeds the children on her own for at least the first 3-5 days, while she is producing colostrum.
If there is a need for early feeding, another nurse bitch is the ideal solution. This may be a bitch who has few puppies or who has false puppies at this moment.
If a wet nurse cannot be found, artificial feeding should be resorted to. Not knowing the composition of the bitch’s milk leads to the use of inadequate substitutes.
It is not recommended to feed newborn puppies with infant formula. Infant formula contains a lot of sugar. Their use often leads to the development of severe forms of diathesis in puppies, and sometimes to the death of puppies.
For feeding newborn puppies, experts offer various options for mixtures, the closest in composition to the milk of a bitch.
For example: take 800 ml of cow’s milk (pasteurized), 200 ml of 20% cream and one raw egg. Mix all this and add, with rapid stirring, 4 g of citric acid dissolved in a tablespoon of boiled water.
Or: 800 ml cow’s milk, 200 ml 20% cream, one yolk, two drops of a multivitamin.
Such a mixture is prepared for a maximum of a day, stored in the refrigerator, and heated to the dog’s body temperature (38-39 ° C) before feeding. Puppies of this age are fed often, after two to three hours, not forgetting every time about the abdominal massage.
And although Western experts assure that cow’s milk is not suitable as a complementary food for newborns, since it can cause severe allergies, during the fifteen-year practice of breeding schnauzers by the author of this book, this has never been noted. Possibly allergy-prone breeds such as Chow Chow or Shar Pei cannot tolerate milk.
At present, Western feed manufacturers produce milk powder that best suits the bitch: W1, Bosch, Germany; A1, Royal Canin, France, etc.
The puppies should be fed before they suck the mother. Fed until the puppies eat, after which they are placed under the bitch.
If the bitch has enough milk, then complementary feeding begins with a decrease in daily weight gain. This period can even fluctuate for one bitch in different litters. The approximate time for starting complementary foods in large litters (10-12 puppies) is 5-6 days, for litters up to seven puppies, complementary foods begin from 14-16 days. It is advisable to start feeding the puppies no earlier than their eyes open.
Typically, puppies are recommended to be fed from a bottle with a nipple in which the hole should be such that the liquid drips by itself. But practice has shown that it is much more convenient, especially for feeding newborn puppies, to use a children’s 50-gram syringe with a rubber tip. If the puppy does not suck well, you should lightly squeeze the sides of the syringe with your fingers, making sure that the puppy does not swell.
If you start feeding the puppies at the right time. on the 14-16th day, then at this age the best complementary food is calcined cottage cheese, removed with a certain amount of whey and mixed until smooth. It’s a good idea to add two drops of multivitamins and yolk to this mass, if the mass is thick, you can add a little milk. Puppies can be given kefir.
You will have to cook the calcined curd yourself. To do this, milk is brought almost to a boil and calcium chloride is poured into it at the rate of 4-5 tablespoons of 10% calcium chloride per 1 liter of milk. The milk is immediately removed from the heat and allowed to stand for a while with constant stirring. As soon as the milk is separated from the whey, it is removed with a slotted spoon or filtered through cheesecloth, without squeezing, and given to the puppies. Serum is given to drink to the bitch.
Complementary foods begin to give the puppy once a day, then two, three, and so on. During this period, you should not introduce more than one new product per day in order to know exactly how the puppy’s body perceives it. If a food is causing a disorder, it is temporarily removed from the diet.
Your task during this period is to accustom the Puppy to a variety of foods, so that when he gets to the new owner, he does not have digestive problems. By 1-1.5 months, the puppy should be accustomed to a wide variety of foods.
From the 18th day, cereals are introduced from well-boiled cereals in broth or milk. For puppies whose complementary feeding began in a timely manner, milk porridge from finely ground cereals can be introduced into the diet. It is best to prepare “assorted” from them: oatmeal, buckwheat, millet, rice, grind in a coffee grinder, add a little semolina there and cook liquid milk porridge from such a mixture. They should be well boiled and liquid enough to flow out of the nipple or syringe.
From the 20th day, when the puppies have teeth, they begin to give ground meat. “Shop” minced meat is not suitable for this purpose. it contains too much fat, and pork is very often added to it. Meat should be given as follows. The ground meat should be divided into equal portions, rolled into balls and given to each puppy his “share”. Meat is initially given once a day. Meat feed can be substituted with ground boiled boneless fish, boiled rabbit or poultry. After a few days, you can already give scraped meat or fish. After five days, they switch from minced meat or scraped meat to finely chopped meat. At the age of one month, puppies of large breeds should receive 100-150 g of meat per day.
From the 20th day, you can feed soups with vegetables, pre-mash the vegetables with a fork.
From the 25th day, you need to give raw grated vegetables with animal or vegetable fats. Best of all. grated carrots with sour cream.
When feeding, alternate meat feeding with dairy and vegetable feeding. Complementary foods should have a temperature of the bitch’s milk. about 38 ° C.
Feed the puppies one at a time. The puppies do not master the technique of self-feeding at once. They either dip their nose to the very eyebrows, then slap their tongue in the air, so the first days you should feed everyone, holding them in their arms, placing a bowl under their nose and adjusting the baby’s actions. When each puppy has mastered the process independently, sitting in the owner’s arms, you can feed them on the floor, and it is more convenient to feed each one from a separate bowl. After the puppies have mastered independent food from the bowl, the food should be made thicker.
With age, the number of feedings is gradually increased so that by the month the puppies eat six times at regular intervals. At night, at the age of one month, you no longer need to feed them.
Sometimes puppies, especially weak or “artificial” puppies, have indigestion. The reason for this may be the mother’s inadequate diet. In this case, it is necessary to give a decoction of chamomile with a few drops of dill water. Five-day-old puppies are watered with a decoction for 36 hours, gradually adding the milk mixture (first 3/4 of the decoction of 1/4 of the mixture, etc.) in order to go to normal feeding by the second day. The already mentioned “Heel” preparations can come to the rescue: “Diar-heel”, “Echinacea compositum”, “Berberis-gommakord”. (How to give them. see above).
If the puppies are three weeks old and eat from a bowl, oak or elm bark powder added to the food works well. Good results are obtained by using bifitrilac on the tip of a match.
If diarrhea begins in several puppies in a litter and does not respond to usual treatment within a day, this may be a symptom of a formidable disease. colibacillosis, from which the entire litter can die. Overfed “artificial” people are most prone to this.
As soon as you start feeding the puppies, you need to take care of the water, otherwise the concentration of salts in the urine increases, the mucous membrane of the bladder may become irritated and mucous secretions may appear from the urinary organs, sticking together the wool. Several times a day, you should give them water, first pouring it into their mouth from a syringe or from a nipple, gradually accustoming them to drinking on their own.
As the puppies grow, the bitch will move away from them more often and the intervals between feedings will increase. You should not force the bitch to constantly be near the babies. As she accumulates milk, the dog will come to them on its own.
During this period, the puppies very quickly grow sharp claws, with which they are able to severely scratch the bitch’s nipples. This, by the way, can also serve as a reason for the fact that she will not be very willing to go to the puppies. Therefore, as long as the puppies suck their mother, they should trim their claws once a week. The very tip of the claw should be shortened without touching its sensitive and painful pulp, after which the claw should be well processed with a nail file.
Do not forget that up to four days of age it is necessary to dock the puppies’ tails (if you are going to do this), and remove the dewclaws on the hind legs (recently they have been removed on the front ones as well).
The growth and development of a dog is divided into several stages. Over the period from 2 to 6 months, the length of the puppy’s limbs increases and in fact ends there. The most intensive growth of the puppy occurs generally up to 6 months. The height at the withers from birth to 4 months increases by an average of 87-108%, from 4 to 6 months by 3-7%, from 6 to 8 months by 7-8%. At 8-10 months, growth actually ends, although the dog develops and forms up to two and a half, and sometimes up to three years. From this we can conclude: the younger the puppy, the faster it grows, and therefore, it needs more energy, and only proper nutrition can provide a sufficient amount of energy.
By the age of one month, puppies should gain a certain weight, typical of their breed. The breeder should know about this in advance, and you can get this information at the club from the leader of this breed. As a rule, if dogs are knitted according to plan, then the latter must promptly inform the owner of the requirements for the weight of the puppies. In case the puppies have not gained such weight, the litter may be rejected and not activated. In a month, the puppy should be well-nourished, but not fat, active and be able to eat well on its own.
If you decide to feed the puppies with ready-made foods, then complementary foods, as a rule, begin at about the same time as when feeding with natural products, that is, from the moment the puppies open their eyes. Dry food is soaked in water and kneaded to a mushy state. The density of the feed should be medium. The lips are smeared with the puppy and a bowl of mashed food is offered. Usually puppies start eating this food. As the puppies grow older, the amount of liquid in the feed is reduced and gradually they are accustomed to dry. If, in terms of dry matter, the amount of calcium in the feed is 1.8% and phosphorus is 1.6%, then these mineral salts should not be added additionally. Higher levels of these minerals in the diet can only harm growing puppies.
Growing puppies should only be fed super premium food. It is impossible to save on feeding during this period, since what the puppy cannot receive during this period of life will never be compensated for in the future.
The use of low-calorie or economy-class foods when feeding puppies, especially large breeds, leads to the fact that the animals may develop conformation disorders, such as a saggy belly, lack of muscle tissue and bone, and growth retardation. The use of low-protein feed (no more than 20%) at this age can lead to the development of hip dysplasia. Optimal for puppies are foods with 29% protein.
However, do not chase the high m of protein in feed, which is especially characteristic of Royal Canin products. This company produces some types of feed with such a large m of protein that no other company has analogues. When using such feed, it should be remembered that although protein does not have a direct harmful effect on skeletal development, its excess amount is broken down by the liver and used as an energy source, increasing insulin-like growth factors in the body, which contributes to accelerating the growth rate of animals. Therefore, feeding large breed puppies with high protein foods (more than 32% protein) can cause serious orthopedic pathologies.
What to feed your puppy
To begin with, it is worth deciding whether you are going to feed your puppy with only natural products and cook it yourself, or prefer ready-made puppy food. If the second option is preferable for you, then it is worth considering that there are ready-made food for puppies from 0 to 2 months old and food for puppies older than two months. It is necessary to introduce dry food gradually, first introducing it into the dog’s diet, slightly and gradually increasing the dose. As for the manufacturer, then it is worth choosing “super premium class” food, such as Acana, Royal Canin, Hills and others. Well, do not forget that the puppy should always have fresh water available.
Which of the options to choose. a question causing eternal controversy. We are advocates of ready-to-eat dog foods that balance all the nutrients your little one needs. But, in order not to be unfounded, below are two videos with interviews from breeders and their opinions on how to feed puppies. By the way, there they talk not only about feed, but also about their own food.
The second video describes in detail how to introduce ready-made food into the puppy’s diet:
As an example, here is the daily feeding schedule and diet for a 1-2 month old puppy of medium breeds:
- 7:00. 200 ml of boiled or sour milk (kefir, yogurt).
- 10:30. oat flakes “Hercules” steamed with milk, or milk porridge. about 200 ml.
- 14:00 cottage cheese. 100 g.
- 17:00. flakes “Hercules” steamed with meat broth. 200 g.
- 20:30. vegetable puree with the addition of a few drops of sunflower oil.
- 23:30. meat, chopped into small pieces, or minced meat. 100-150 g.
If you need to leave, and it is time to feed for 1-2 feeds, leave more meat, cheese in small pieces in the bowl and pour fresh water into the drinking bowl. Although it is not recommended to leave a small puppy alone for a long time.
A good effect is given by the addition of seaweed (pre-chopped):
- 1-2 month old puppies. 1/4 teaspoon
- 2-3 month old puppies. 1/3 teaspoon
- 3-4 month old puppies. 1/2 teaspoon
- adult dogs. up to 1 teaspoon per day.
Minced fish and meat are poorly assimilated by dogs, therefore it is better to teach puppies to eat meat in the form of finely chopped and beaten pieces from the age of one month.
Make sure that the puppy does not overeat: food should be eaten “near”. However, if after eating the puppy behaves restlessly, whines, continues to lick the bowl. the portion should be increased. If the puppy’s belly swells up after feeding, reduce the amount of portions, but increase the number of feedings.
Large breed puppies with a powerful heavy bone during the growth period need to enrich the diet with proteins. For puppies of dogs, which are planned to be engaged in heavy (including combat) work, provide food with raw meat products and fresh beef and lamb blood from the slaughterhouse (if possible) or drugs such as hematogen.
Adult dogs of medium size, not engaged in the use of body load, can be fed with leftover food from the table, avoiding fish and bird bones, spices, too sweet, salty or overcooked food.
Anything can be given to dogs except for bird bones, fine tubular bones, and fish bones. You can also not give bones with fragments. they hurt the mouth and can get stuck in the throat of the animal. Bird bones should be cut off with pruning shears and given to the dog soft articular ends, without touching the tubular part (it should be thrown away, excluding the dog’s access to such waste). Remember. when gnawing, tubular bird bones split into thin and sharp plates, which can not only lead to serious injury, but even death of the dog!
The beneficial substances found in fish bones can also be used. For example, the large bones of the ridge, separated from the small and thin ones, can be passed through a meat grinder and, making sure there are no needles, given to the dog as a top dressing. The softened bones of fish, canned or cooked in a pressure cooker, can be given to the dog without fear. All bones are best served raw, not boiled.
How to feed your puppy
It is advisable to feed the dog in a strictly defined place, from the same dishes. bowls (cistern) with a capacity of about 2 liters (for medium dogs), made of food grade aluminum or plastic. The base of the bowl should be wide to prevent tipping over. For tall dogs, it is advisable to provide a special bench. Find convenient dishes here: Bowls and drinkers for dogs.
From time to time, you need to feed the dog, holding a bowl of food in your hands: the dog should not be jealous of the owner of the food. However, one should not accustom oneself to exclusive hand feeding. Observing the measure, from the very first days, the owner, as well as those family members who have to feed the dog, need to regularly intervene in the feeding process, ensuring that the dog, on demand, gives the person even the most delicious piece or bone. This is necessary so that if it becomes necessary to take away from your pet a dangerous thing, object or spoiled product that unexpectedly fell into a bowl or mouth.
It is done like this: during feeding the command is given: “Fu! Give!” with the addition of the dog’s nickname. Then a piece is selected, and instead of it, a new, much more delicious one is immediately offered (sausage or cheese, for example). Quite quickly, the dog will develop a conditioned reflex and he will willingly throw any piece, in the hope of getting something even more tasty. But remember: the conditioned reflex must be regularly reinforced, otherwise it will fade away and the dog will not obey. And one more thing: do not try to develop this skill in an adult dog with a predominant feeding reaction. may be bitten! You need to start developing this skill only from puppyhood.!
The dog should be fed when all family members have either already eaten or have not yet sat down at the table. Never feed the dog from the table. A cute puppy, tenderly begging for pieces. this is one thing, but an insolent adult dog, and even a large one, which crawls on the table with its muzzle, pushes everyone with its paws, demanding treats, caresses and drooling all over the kitchen. completely different. It is better to put the leftover food from the table in a separate bowl and, after disassembling (removing unnecessary), give to the dog, adding to its main food.
If you feed the dog only leftovers from the table, mix the selected food waste into a homogeneous mass, add warm water or warm soup, crumble some delicacy (leftover sausage, pieces of canned fish and the rest of the filling from such canned food, etc.) and put in a bowl.
Do not give your dog sausage and sausage casings, cheese crusts (this is paraffin, it is not poisonous, but it is not needed in the body), do not mix the remains of the first and second courses with tea and sweet leftovers in the dog’s bowl. Never feed your dog sweets or chewing gum! Do not give your dog concentrated juices or drinks. Keep hazardous food waste and harmful substances out of reach.
To enrich the vitamin gamut of nutrition, dogs should be given more raw meat and fish (but only sea, and not river, from the latter, infection with worms is possible!)
Of the other types of protein foods, the most important are dairy products and cottage cheese. over, from dairy products, even fermented milk is preferable, because the puppy can weaken from fresh milk. Puppies should be given calcified cottage cheese (this is the main source of easily digestible calcium).
How to feed a puppy from 1 month to 1 year
The appearance of a small puppy in the house is a great joy. He brings a bunch of worries that are initially enjoyable. The main indicator that you should take care of is the proper nutrition of the baby, because the adequate development of all organs and systems depends on how he eats the first year, therefore, the first year the diet is saturated with vitamins, microelements, additives, etc.
Consideration should be given to dietary changes based on the age and physical condition of the puppy. Be sure to change the diet if the baby is sick, after vaccination or treatment with prophylactic agents against parasites.
The main thing in this question is:
- Feeding frequency. small puppies need to eat very often up to eight times a day, older ones less often up to two.
- The diet, the animal must know and get used to when it eats, when it walks and when it plays. Not only the upbringing of the pet, but also its health depends on the regularity of compliance with the regimen.
- The amount of food. It should be enough, overeating is just as dangerous as malnutrition. If the pet has a distended stomach, and the digestive system is regularly overloaded, then the likelihood of diarrhea, pancreatitis, gastritis or subsequent obesity is high.
Immediately after weaning from the bitch, puppies are given additional fish oil, starting with 3-5 drops, then the rate gradually increases to 1 teaspoonful, and later. 1-2 tablespoons a day.
If the puppies have an upset stomach, then the fish oil is canceled and given again after normalization of the stool, starting with a few drops.
If everything is in order, the dose is gradually increased to the indicated one. It is also necessary to give puppies minerals (mainly bone meal and salt).
In addition to the main diet, puppies and young dogs are given a mineral supplement:
- Calcium glycerophosphate: 20 tablets
- Phytin: 20 tablets
- School chalk: 3 tablespoons
- Brewer’s yeast: 1 box
- Activated charcoal: 10 tablets
- Bone meal: 20 tablespoons
- Calcium gluconate: 3-5 to 8-10 tablets per day (but no more!)
How many times a day to feed the puppy
How often to feed your puppy. depends on his age. In short, the older the puppy, the less frequent the feeding.
- At the age of 2 to 3 months, puppies are fed 6 times a day. It is advisable to include meat in the last dacha.
- At 2-3 months of age, puppies are fed 5 times a day.
- At 3-4 months of age. 4 times.
- At 4-10 months of age. 3 times.
- From 10 months. 2 times.
- Adult dogs, especially in the hot season, are fed once a day. in the evening.
What temperature should the food be
If you cook yourself, the temperature of the food must be tightly controlled, especially for use dogs. there is a danger of “brewing” the scent and, in general, cause serious injury to the dog. the food should not be cold or hot, but a little warm. such that your hand can easily tolerate its temperature.
Recipe for self-cooking soda ash
Add 2 tablespoons of 10% calcium chloride to 1 liter of boiling milk, drain the curdled cottage cheese in a colander, cool and give to the puppy. The leftover whey can also be fed to the puppy or used to make cereals. With calcined cottage cheese, ordinary, fatty ones alternate. And from the age of six months you can switch exclusively to fatty cottage cheese or cottage cheese with honey.
Once or twice a week, give your puppy a clove of finely chopped garlic hidden in a piece of butter. Garlic. a vitamin-rich product and an excellent anthelmintic (antihelminthic) natural remedy.
The feeding time for the dog should take 10-15 minutes, after which the feeder is removed, thoroughly washed with hot water and dried. Leaving no food (with the exception of bones) left for the dog.
If the dog refuses to feed. this is the first signal of a possible illness. In case of repeated refusal, you need to think about contacting a veterinarian.
Feeding your puppies: general guidelines
Feeding newborn puppies
How to feed your puppy
The diet of puppies of different types of breeds
1 meal. raw meat with broth, grated vegetables or porridge;
Feeding rates are individual: it is necessary that the bowl remains clean, and the entire portion is eaten. Give the puppy about 15 minutes and then remove any food debris. If the dog licks the bowl. he is hungry, you can slightly increase the portion, if he leaves. give less porridge or vegetables next time. Food should be warm, not frozen or hot, it is better to reheat it in a water bath!
What can be given to puppies?
Raw meat. It should not be fatty. beef, rabbit, chicken, horse meat, but lamb and pork can cause stomach upset. First, the meat is cut very finely, at the age of three months you can increase the size of the pieces to 2-3 cm, then even larger. You can give sugar bones after meals so that the puppy strengthens his teeth and gums (during the period of changing teeth, you cannot!). Eggs are given no more than 2 times a week after 3 months (before that, you can give them daily).
Porridge. You can give oatmeal (sometimes buckwheat porridge), cooked in 6% milk, with an upset stomach, you can give rice. Add oil, glucose to the porridge, after 2 months give broth, vegetable broth. You cannot give flour products, a gray loaf. from 6 months, after 3 months you can also cook corn and millet porridge.
Fish. The diet is introduced from 2 months, after removing the bones. It is allowed to give raw sea fish. pollock, cod, hake, saury and so on. After 3 months, fish can be fed once a day, removing only large bones.
Dairy products. It is allowed to give cottage cheese, milk, sour cream, kefir. Sometimes milk is mixed with 1 teaspoon of honey, but watch out for allergic reactions.
Vegetables. Raw carrots, beets, cabbage, spinach, lettuce, young nettles, garlic (prevention of helminths), parsley, cucumbers are given. Puppies under 3 months are given boiled vegetables, decoctions, broths.
When Should Puppies Start Eating Food?
From vitamin and mineral supplements, fish oil, glycerophosphate and calcium gluconate, chalk, dry eggshells, brewer’s yeast, seaweed, dry nettle are given. You can grind all the ingredients in a coffee grinder, mix and add to food. For puppies up to 2 months. half a teaspoon, up to 4 months. 1 teaspoon, from 4 months. 2-4 teaspoons. You can buy ready-made complexes.
You can give the puppy no more than 1 new type of food per day, otherwise you simply will not be able to understand from which product the indigestion or allergy started.
1 meal. finely ground oatmeal porridge in milk, 1 tea butter, 1 glucose tablet;
Meal 2. finely scraped minced meat with vegetable broth or broth;
3 meals. 100 g of cottage cheese, 100 g of milk;
Meal 4. vegetable broth, broth or meat soup with minced meat and grated vegetables;
Meal 5. raw, finely chopped meat;
6 meal. porridge with milk or cottage cheese.
1 meal. raw finely chopped meat;
Meal 2. boiled finely chopped fish without bones;
5th meal. dairy products (cottage cheese, milk, fermented baked milk and others)
Feeding puppies up to 6 months
Good health and proper development of puppies depends primarily on the feeding regime and diet. If the nutrition is unbalanced, the regimen is not followed. the consequences can be irreparable, because the puppy’s body has just begun to develop and grow.
First of all, you need to decide on the place of feeding: it should be secluded and quiet, the bowl should be on a stand so that the puppy does not have to bend over strongly while eating. It will be better if the stand is adjustable, the floor near the “dining table” should not be slippery, otherwise the pet’s paws will move apart (you can lay a small rug). It is better to choose ceramic or metal bowls, low-quality plastic can be unsafe. You need to wash the bowls with hot water and soda, but you cannot use dishwashing detergents.
How often to feed your puppy?
A puppy up to 3 months old is fed 6 times a day, every 3 hours. 3-4-month-old pets are fed 5 times a day, by six months you can switch to four meals a day, individuals up to a year are fed 3 times a day, 2 times are enough for adults. As the puppy grows, you can gradually form a feeding regime, gradually the pet will get used to the fact that food is given at a certain time, and will not beg for it.
The approximate volume of one feeding: up to 2 months. 0.1-0.2 liters, from 2 to 4 months. 0.3-0.6 liters, from 4 to 8 months. 0.7-0.9 liters. The portion is calculated according to the size of the dog.
Ready food for puppies
Choose products marked “for puppies”, they are as balanced and healthy as possible. Do not give too large a portion. the dosage is indicated by the manufacturer on the package. Always give preference to food of premium class and above, do not mix natural food. It is better to soak dry food in hot water, not milk or broth, until the puppy’s teeth change.
Professional breeders often prefer to feed their puppies with ready-to-eat foods as natural foods are more difficult to balance.
Natural feeding scheme
The very first complementary foods are best made with milk or very thin semolina. Egg yolk can be added to milk to make it more nutritious. Feeding babies should be straight from the bowl, not from the nipple. To do this, put each puppy separately in a bowl and gently dip it with its muzzle. Usually they understand the first time what is required of them, and begin to lap.
From the age of one month, the baby’s body is already able to digest meat, for this it must be ground into minced meat and rolled into small balls no larger than a phalanx. Minced meat needs to be boiled or at least doused with boiling water.
You need to choose lean meats. veal, beef, poultry or lamb, but in no case pork.
From one month of age, in addition to meat, puppies need fermented milk products rich in calcium. To do this, you need to add cottage cheese and kefir to the diet.
- In the morning, it is best to give porridge with the addition of meat.
- In the second meal, you can give cottage cheese.
- Porridge with minced meat.
- Milk porridge.
- A ball of minced meat (it is best to give it at night, since it will take the kids all night to digest meat, and they will not be restless and wake up from hunger until the morning).
What and how to give to puppies
If the mother eats dry food, then it is better to gradually train the puppies in it. If the owner of the dog is an adherent of natural food, then there is a separate scheme for feeding babies.
In any case, you need to start feeding gradually. at first, the puppies are offered 1-2 additional meals, the rest of the time they continue to feed on mother’s milk. Then there is a gradual refusal from milk and a transition to 5-6 meals a day.
Correct feeding of puppies and feeding scheme
Dog breeders who are faced with breeding puppies for the first time ask many questions about how babies should be fed complementary foods. In this article I will tell you when you can start feeding your puppies. I will analyze in detail what and how you can give. When to start feeding your puppies
This is the most popular question for novice breeders. Unfortunately, they often find a huge number of completely different answers to it.
Compulsory complementary feeding of babies must begin from the 21st day of their life. By this time, their milk teeth are already being cut, and mom, at least, it becomes painful to feed them with milk.
If a bitch has little milk, but a lot of puppies, they do not eat up. Complementary feeding can be started even earlier. from the 14th day of life of babies.
By about the third week, the mother dog itself begins to transfer children to natural complementary foods: she begins to regurgitate partially digested food in the puppies’ bed. So she teaches them to eat more solid foods. Newbies are often intimidated by this process and think that the dog is vomiting.
Experienced breeders know that this is a normal process, but they try to avoid it by starting artificial feeding of babies at the right time.
Complementary feeding scheme on drying
Complementary feeding begins in the same way as when feeding natural food. with milk and liquid milk porridge. And then after two to three days add dry food. To do this, buy food for puppies.
The mixture is steamed with hot water. Feed to water ratio approx. 1: 2.
For the first feeding, you can add a little more water and additionally knead the granules with a fork, so that you end up with a puree mixture.
Gradually, by the second month of life, you can do less steaming and transfer the babies to a dry mixture.
In parallel with the food, puppies must be given cottage cheese, kefir, eggs, you can add minced meat.
Gradually, by the second month of life, you can do less steaming and transfer the babies to a dry mixture
An approximate nutritional scheme with dry food for babies up to two to three months may look like this:
- Soaked feed.
- Cottage cheese (it can be diluted with kefir and a raw egg can be added to this mixture).
- Soaked feed.
- Milk porridge.
- Minced meat ball or feed.
Gradually, with both feeding options, as the puppies grow, the number of meals will decrease, by the year there should be only two. When switching to dry food, porridge and minced meat are first removed (if introduced), fermented milk products can serve as an additional complementary food for quite a long time.
At what age can weaning from the mother
The veterinarian’s recommended age for weaning puppies from their mother is 21 days of age. With a small amount of milk. you can start this process from 2 weeks of age.
You need to understand that weaning from a mother does not take place at once. This procedure takes at least a week, and ideally 10-14 days. Complementary feeding begins gradually with 1-2 meals in which artificial feeding is offered to babies.
The complete weaning of puppies from the mother by 1.5 months of age should be over. By this time, babies have already too developed teeth to continue to suckle milk from the breast. And the amount of mother’s milk in a month after the birth of puppies begins to fade.
Each change in the dog’s diet should be gradual, regardless of how old it is. The first such change is that the transition from mother’s milk to additional complementary foods should proceed as smoothly as possible, because the digestion of babies is very sensitive. Further addition of any new product should also take place not at once, but in small portions within 2-3 days.
Scheme of complementary feeding on dry industrial feed
Most veterinarians are of the opinion that it is better to feed puppies up to three months of age with natural food. However, for a number of specific reasons, more often dog owners prefer dry food. Ready-made food for puppies is pre-soaked in water so that the kitten quickly gets used to innovations.
Note! Leading feed manufacturers strive to make formulations as balanced and nutritious as possible.
The package always contains information about the daily feed intake, depending on the weight of the pet.
Scheme of feeding puppies on dry industrial feed
If dry food is preferred, the puppy should have unlimited access to clean drinking water.
Complementary feeding for puppies: when you can feed
Perhaps one of the most common questions for as-yet inexperienced dog breeders is when to feed the puppies. This question requires careful study, since the state of health of the still immature cub will depend on the correctness of the actions. Initial introduction of complementary foods is a transition from mother’s breast milk to adult food.
What should be the serving size for a puppy
It is important not only to figure out when to start feeding your puppies, but also to learn the correct portion sizes.
The feeding rate of a small canine organism depends on several factors. the individual characteristics of the organism, the breed. It is extremely important to correctly calculate the amount of portions, since a lack of feed will inhibit growth and development, and an excess will cause the development of diseases of the digestive and cardiovascular systems.
The optimal amount of food can be calculated from the puppy’s body weight. The daily allowance for a calf up to 6 months is no more than 7% of its weight. After this period of time, the volume of food is reduced to 3-4%.
For your information! When making adjustments, the pet may not eat everything, perhaps he is just full or he does not like a certain product.
Basic natural foods for a growing body:
- offal and natural meat;
- dairy and fermented milk products;
- useful supplements;
- dry food of the highest and highest quality;
How to calculate the amount of servings for a puppy (calculation formula)
The feeding rate can be calculated empirically, you just need to carefully observe the baby. If the puppy not only eats everything, but also carefully licks his dishes, then he is hungry. If food remains in the bowl, then the puppy is given over the norm.
If the refusal to eat is prolonged, this is a cause for concern. The puppy should be shown to the veterinarian as soon as possible.
How to wean puppies from breast milk
Weaning puppies from the mother is recommended from 6 weeks of age. Typically, the deadline is 8 weeks. You can calmly wean the puppies from their mother only if they already independently consume the daily feed rate. It is these terms that are guided by when deciding when it is right to start feeding puppies.
The peculiarity of weaning is as follows: for the first two or three days, the pets are left with the usual amount of feed, after which they begin to gradually increase to the required indicators.
Assortment of feeds for the first puppy feeding (starters)
Important! Rapid weaning of litter from a bitch with a simultaneous decrease in the amount of feed consumed by her leads to a decrease in milk production, and also serves as a prevention of the development of diseases of the mammary glands.
How Many Times a Day Should DOGS EAT? Puppies and Adults
At what age can you start feeding puppies
When asked when puppies can be fed, veterinarians and dog handlers are of the opinion that it is best to start at three weeks. Undoubtedly, breast milk is the best food for still immature newborn puppies, but after a few weeks they are ready to get acquainted with the world around them. The ideal age to start feeding small puppies is from three weeks, or even two.
The right diet is very important for a puppy.
In this matter, it is extremely important not to rush or be late. In the first case, the mother will have a decrease in the amount of breast milk produced, as a result of which the entire litter will be malnourished. In the second case, late feeding entails a slowdown in the growth and development of the body, such pets often grow painful and weak.
Diet from six months to a year
As puppies grow older, it is imperative to change their diet. It is necessary to gradually increase the amount of meat, while reducing the volume of dairy products. At the age of six months, the dog should eat about 70% of the meat per day of the total feed.
Important! From 4-6 months, depending on the breed, the animal can be given offal. It is about the liver, spleen, heart and lungs.
From six months, you can also start giving your pet fish in small quantities. Preference should be given to maritime representatives. Dairy products are not more than 20-30% per day, the amount of vegetables and fruits remains the same, cereals are gradually being introduced.
If the animal is fed with ready-made industrial formulations, then it is necessary to choose certain species, on the packaging of which there are notes about the corresponding age.
What and how to give to puppies after one month of age
The schedule and mode of feeding the pet directly depends on its age. At different stages of growth and development, the dog’s body needs certain substances. This must be taken into account when drawing up a diet.
In the period of 1-2 months, the puppy has an acute need for calcium. This macronutrient is necessary for the body for the proper development of the skeleton. That is why the daily ration should consist of approximately 40-50% of dairy products. You can enter kefir, sour cream or cottage cheese into the diet.
Note! Fruit yoghurts and other dairy products containing dyes and flavor enhancers are best avoided.
In addition to dairy products, the pet also needs fresh meat. Per day, as a percentage, it should be at least 40%. It is recommended to give preference to boiled poultry or raw beef. Fatty pork should definitely be discarded. The remaining 10-20% are fresh vegetables and fruits.
Small dog’s first food
The beginning of feeding puppies is a serious question, since during the period of active growth and development, the pet’s body must be provided with a minimum, but necessary complex of vitamins, minerals, macro- and microelements.
Once you’ve figured out when to start feeding your puppies, it’s important to decide on the composition. It is recommended to give preference to the feed that will be introduced into the diet in the future on an ongoing basis. If a natural diet is preferred, the diet consists of healthy and nutritious foods suitable for the puppy.
Note! Each breed, for example, Jack Russell, Yorkshire Terrier, Labrador, Laika, German Shepherd, Toy Terrier, Husky, Chihuahua, Spitz and others have individual characteristics in the work of the digestive system. They need not only be known, but also taken into account when drawing up a diet.
First Natural Puppy Food Products
It is impossible to create the most balanced, fortified natural food at home, therefore, vitamin and mineral complexes must be added to the diet. That is why many breeders prefer ready-made industrial dry or wet food of the highest and highest quality.
Important! The role of the first complementary food is ideally suited to a special dry one, designed just for this purpose. They call him a starter.
What can and cannot be fed to puppies of different breeds by months
A healthy, varied diet is one of the main factors in the proper development and growth of a puppy. Of course, genetics has already laid down the basic physical indicators in it. But this potential can only be fully realized in good conditions. And the right regular feed is one of them.
Feeding frequency by age
The frequency of meals depends on the age of the dog. A small stomach is able to accept small portions, but the cub needs a lot of energy, so in the very first months he eats especially often.
- Up to two months. Usually, during this period, the baby has enough breast milk. However, if there is not enough milk, or the cub has already been separated from its mother, then feed it at least 6 times a day. The time difference between appointments is approximately 3 hours. The longest gap is at night.
- From two to four months. The number of meals is reduced to 5-4 per day. To ensure evenness, do not remove the earliest or latest feed. Better to shift in time one of the daytime.
- From four months to six. The frequency of meals is gradually reduced to 4-3. At the same time, daytime snacks are also reduced, the intervals between them are evenly increased.
- From six months to 10 months. Three meals a day are enough for a baby. Morning, lunch and evening.
- At 10-12 months. At this age, the animal is transferred to the adult diet. twice a day. You can move the “dinner” time an hour or two earlier.
Differences in nutrition for puppies of different breeds
Puppies use more energy than adult dogs. This is due to their activity, and, most importantly, to the peculiarities of growth. Their food should not only be nutritious and healthy, but also easy to digest.
All dogs, of course, belong to the same species, but the difference between breeds can be enormous. And this also leaves an imprint on the diet of different breeds. The basic pattern is as follows: the smaller the breed of the pet, the more calories per unit of mass it needs. After all, the kid spends energy as much as his large counterparts, but his body reserves are much less. Therefore, for small breeds, food should be more nutritious and rich than for medium and large breeds, and they should be fed more often.
In large breeds, the situation is different. Of course, their food should be rich and sufficient, but overfeeding such cubs is especially dangerous. They grow very quickly. Too intense an increase in body length and volume can provoke disturbances in the formation of the skeleton, which will not cope with the growing mass. A rational and thoughtful approach to the nutrition of these animals is very important. Too fatty and high-calorie food in large volumes will harm your pet.
What you shouldn’t feed your puppies
In fact, many foods that are not healthy for humans are considered harmful to dogs. But the animal will react to them much more sharply.
- Sausages, smoked meat, ham. They are loaded with harmful additives that can undermine your dog’s liver and kidney function.
- Sweets. Sugar in dogs festers and watery eyes, teeth deteriorate.
- Too fatty milk or meat. They will cause indigestion.
The quality, method of serving and preparing food is also of great importance.
- Food that is too hot or too chilled.
- Stale products.
- Products with spices and bay leaves.
- Bones, especially tubular. They easily split into pointed pieces and can provoke real trouble, up to volvulus and perforation of the stomach. In addition, overuse of bones erases teeth faster.
Required up to 3.5 months. Milk is used as a basis for cereals and separately. Natural yogurt, kefir or yogurt are useful. Calcium-added cottage cheese is a very valuable and nutritious food. Don’t use too fatty foods. they will upset your stomach. But also do not give completely fat-free. this is “empty”, useless food.
From three months it is the basis of the diet. The main percentage should be beef or veal. You can give lean lamb, rabbit, turkey, chicken. Pork is best avoided. it is too difficult to digest and oily. The meat is given frozen or boiled until half cooked. Cut into small pieces. It is good to add heart, lungs and especially liver to meat food. animals love it, and it is very useful. The required amount of meat feed is about 30 grams per kilogram of animal weight. In adults, the need is lower.
Have fish days at least a couple of times a week. Saltwater fish is served raw, frozen or scalded with boiling water. The river one needs to be boiled, since there is a high risk of finding parasites in it. Remove bones before feeding. the animal may be injured by them. If the baby, even after a long break, flatly refuses fish, do not force him, it is better to increase the amount of meat in the diet.
What to feed
Food for a small dog should be balanced, including all the necessary components for proper growth, weight, development.
This is one of the foundations of a dog’s diet. Oatmeal, millet, rice, buckwheat porridge are cooked in broth, with the addition of meat and vegetables. Try to change the type of cereal and the “recipe” so that the baby does not get bored with the porridge. It is good to add a boiled egg to porridge twice a week.
Do not forget that you put food only during meals, but your pet should always have water. Keep the drinking in the bowl fresh and not running out.