By the fifth week, the embryos already reach a size of up to 3 centimeters. In weight, they make up somewhere 20-25 percent of the total body weight of puppies already born. You may notice that the dog wants to eat more, the belly is more noticeable.
At this time, the embryos begin to attach to the walls of the uterus. However, they are very small in size and almost undeveloped.
During the seventh week of pregnancy, puppies already grow in size up to 9.5-10 centimeters. The belly of the bitch is very noticeably enlarged and has a rounded shape. She begins to prepare for childbirth: equips a place for her children, rests more. By about day 50, the fruits are already 12 centimeters long. By weight, they already reach 75 percent of the total weight at birth.
Eighth and ninth weeks
At the time interval of the eighth and ninth weeks, the expectant mother sleeps more and more. She needs a reserve of strength before an important and difficult event. childbirth. Puppies in the uterus already reach a length of 15 centimeters. They develop chewing organs and teeth.
After 58 days of the dog’s pregnancy, the owner needs to be on full alert, because the shepherd can give birth at any time.
If the shepherd has not given birth after 60 days, then the puppies in the womb are already completely ready to be born. They already have hair and are 18 to 23 centimeters long. Their weight ranges from 350 to 550 grams.
Young mother-dogs before their first birth are in every possible way worried and try to notify their owner about this. They want to hide somewhere, dig the ground under them, as if making a lair up to 1.5 days before the upcoming fights.
In order to understand in time that childbirth is about to begin, it is necessary to regularly measure the pet’s body temperature. The day before giving birth, it drops noticeably to 36.3 to 37.2 degrees Celsius.
German shepherd Giving birth to 9 puppies. (First Litter)
In the period of the sixth week, the organs of the heart, lungs, kidneys, liver, and eyes are already fully developed in small fruits. The vertebral system, bones of the front and hind limbs are also formed. The approximate size of a puppy is 6.5-7 centimeters. Due to the increasing enlargement of the uterus and its pressure on the bladder, the dog will go to the toilet more often.
On days 28-30, the embryo already reaches a size of 2 centimeters. During this period, the puppies’ skull is being formed.
The embryonic period
If the German Shepherd is in the embryonic stage of gestation, this is very difficult to understand. The dog behaves almost the same as always. This period includes the first and second weeks of pregnancy.
In the first week after conception, the male sperm are still active and try to get into the egg to fertilize it. After successful fertilization, embryonic rudiments are formed.
Giving birth to a German shepherd
As mentioned earlier, the birth of a German shepherd begins 60-65 days after conception, it all depends on the number of puppies. Low-fertile bitches give birth later than multiple-fertile.
It is believed that the day before the start of the contractions, the dog refuses to eat and drink. But this rule does not apply to everyone. The main sign of contractions is too strong anxiety of the animal due to painful sensations that appear, which manifest themselves in the form of trembling, whining, heavy breathing, and spinning in one place. A similar condition continues for several hours, and during this time a mucous plug should come out of the vagina, the loop softens, and the body temperature drops under the influence of the hormones produced (if it is normally 39 degrees, then during childbirth. 37).
During attempts, the bitch tenses a lot, rests her paws on the floor, trying to get up.
It is very important to control the shepherd during childbirth:
The largest puppy comes out first. Between attempts (mostly 20-60 minutes), the puppies are placed separately from the mother in a plastic bath covered with a thick layer of gauze and a blanket.
To replenish protein and hormones, the bitch must eat up to four successions (more can lead to poisoning). After active labor, the animal rests.
It should be borne in mind that a feature of thoroughbred German Shepherds is a certain lack of maternal instinct. Therefore, immediately after giving birth, until the bitch has rested, she does not need to give puppies: sometimes she strangles them, lying on them with all her weight, or eats them, being too carried away by licking.
How to determine if a shepherd is pregnant
Often, it will take at least 1–1.5 months for the owner to notice any changes on the part of his pet. Only after this period, the sides of the shepherd will begin to round, the belly will sag a little, slowly swell (while maintaining softness) and change its color to lighter mammary glands. Nipples harden and bulge. Now, running your hand over the belly of the shepherd dog, you will start to rest against them. But, as in the case of determining the onset of estrus, it is best to take the animal to the veterinarian, who will establish whether this is a true pregnancy or a false one.
Preparing for mating
The first mating of a German Shepherd is allowed only after the end of the third sexual cycle (that is, in the third year of the dog’s life or at the end of the second year). Since at an earlier age, the dog’s body is not ready to endure heavy loads associated with bearing and feeding puppies. To make it easier to calculate the bitch’s ovulation time (and it lasts only two days), the owner needs to keep a special notebook in which the beginning and end of each active estrus cycle will be recorded, starting with the first.
For mating, it is the owner of the bitch who is looking for a dog. It is very important that the pair of shepherd dogs does not differ in breed level and does not have close family ties. Most often, in these cases, puppies are taken out, but they have some congenital diseases, which is why the mother simply refuses them or tries to strangle them.
A month before the planned fertilization action, it is imperative to cleanse the dog, which is supposed to bring offspring, from worms and cutaneous parasites. If this is not done, then all the toxins will be a heavy burden on the puppies in the womb, during their formation, which can lead not only to the death of babies, but also negatively affect the health of an adult dog. Deworming during pregnancy is strictly prohibited.
Preparing for childbirth
According to all physiological norms, childbirth in a German shepherd will begin only 60-65 days after mating.
But for this moment, both the owner and the four-footed pet should be prepared.
First of all, the owner will need:
Approximately five days before giving birth, the dog becomes restless, searches for a den in a secluded place, if it is not there, it constantly scratches the floor. Although the mammary glands are thoroughly swollen and soft, milk will not appear until just before the onset of labor.
In addition to this, mucous discharge is observed from the loop: at first completely transparent, later with a greenish tint.
The main thing is that they do not have pink or brown color, bloody blotches and a sharp unpleasant odor. In this case, it is necessary to urgently call a veterinarian so that the dog itself does not die.
German Shepherd: pregnancy and childbirth
How many puppies can a German Shepherd give birth?
The number of puppies in a litter can be from one to twelve. Usually, a mature bitch (not a firstborn) gives birth to 6-8 puppies.
Pregnancy in German Shepherds lasts two months. With a standard number of puppies, childbirth is easy and without complications. When carrying large litters at birth, the death of the weakest puppies is possible.
We would like to share an excellent teaching guide on how to give birth to a German Shepherd.
The contractions of the muscles in the uterus. the process of contractions. can last up to thirty hours. Due to frequent contractions, the cervix begins to open, which is outwardly completely invisible.
Your veterinarian should be warned in advance about what time the dog is due to give birth, so that he has the opportunity to come at your request.
The German Shepherd gets tired during childbirth. Let her eat from time to time. a pre-prepared warm broth will do just fine. If that doesn’t work, try taking her for a short walk to relieve her natural needs. In this case, do not forget to take a towel with you. the shepherd can give birth during a walk.
The puppy goes head
Depending on the beat of the contractions and strokes, gently and slowly pull the puppy by the head and paws, gently rocking it from side to side. You can easily straighten the bent legs of the baby with your index finger.
Pulling too hard and too hard can damage the puppy’s spinal cord.
Firstly, a month before the start of the process, the belly of a pregnant shepherd dog is rounded. Secondly, in three weeks the penis swells, discharge appears. Thirdly, in two weeks the nipples begin to swell. Milk appears two to three days before delivery.
From the fifty-seventh day, periodically measure the body temperature of the shepherd, morning and evening. The normal temperature for a dog is 38.5 degrees, but if you notice that it has dropped by two degrees, you should know that no more than a day is left before the offspring appears.
If the temperature has dropped, but there are still no contractions, then an urgent need to consult a specialist. This must be done if the German Shepherd has an increase in temperature, which threatens the birth of dead puppies.
The physical state
Several clear signs can tell about future childbirth.
Normal childbirth lasts up to twelve hours, the interval between the appearance of puppies is on average an hour. If more than two hours have passed since the birth of the last baby, this means that the birth is over. But sometimes the last puppies are born a few hours later. It is normal for a German Shepherd to have seven puppies.
How Many Puppies Can A German Shepherd Have
The last afterbirth can come out within an hour. You can give your German Shepherd an oxytocin shot. Thanks to the medicine, the afterbirth will come out quickly and easily.
After the end of labor, there may be green discharge or bleeding. Why is the highlighting green? Hemoglobin can be colored in this shade due to the formation of hematomas in the placenta. After seven days, the discharge becomes transparent, within a month they will stop.
The beginning of the process
Just before childbirth, the behavior of the German Shepherd changes dramatically. it retires, whines, scrapes its bedding. She lies as long as it takes before childbirth, does not eat anything and breathes frequently. At first glance, you can see the trembling of the muscles in the dog, you can see the movement of the puppies in the womb.
If you have well and thoroughly prepared the birthing box and you yourself will be around as long as you need, then all these manipulations will help the shepherd get rid of unnecessary nervousness.
The process of childbirth itself can be divided into three parts:
- before childbirth;
- the birth of puppies;
- after childbirth.
Select in advance the room where the shepherd will give birth. Provide a suitable place for the dog to be comfortable, warm and dry. It should be free of drafts and direct sunlight. Maintain the room temperature at about thirty degrees, otherwise newborn puppies may catch a cold.
How many puppies can a German Shepherd give birth to? It all depends on the individual characteristics of the structure of the body. The average number of puppies born is seven.
If the birth took place in the winter, then you need to install an additional heat source. an infrared lamp is just right.
When childbirth begins, there should be no strangers to the dog, otherwise it will start to get nervous and show aggression, especially when its first puppy appears.
The main process
This stage begins with the release of amniotic fluid and ends with the removal of the fetus. The process is accompanied by contractions and attempts. The dog lies on its side, stretches its legs, pushes.
One puppy emerges after 5-10 minutes. The cub is born in a bubble. The mother tears open the film, gnaws at the umbilical cord and licks the baby. Puppies are born at intervals of 15 minutes to 2 hours. Labor can last for 3-12 hours.
Caring for newborn puppies
It should be understood that newborn puppies are born deaf and blind. The normal weight of the cubs is 300-500 g.
Caring for babies is a lot of trouble: the owner must provide a comfortable and safe environment for the normal growth and development of puppies.
Weighing a newborn puppy
Feeding a pregnant dog
In the second half of pregnancy, food should be 1.5-2 times more calories than usual. When feeding with natural products, it is necessary to adhere to the conditions:
- do not give the dog expired, low-quality products;
- boil meat, fish well;
- exclude soups, cereals;
- do not feed a black loaf, potatoes, or other bloating foods;
- the consumption of lean meat, offal, cottage cheese, rice, buckwheat, boiled vegetables is recommended;
- vitamin and mineral supplements are needed.
If the pet is kept on industrial feed, then you should purchase products for puppies up to 2 months.
Starting from 3 weeks, the dog is fed 3 times a day, from 7 weeks. up to 4 times a day.
What to do after childbirth
After the puppies are born, you need to do the following:
- wash the dog’s hair;
- walk your pet, putting on a special apron;
- after a walk, wipe your paws and stomach;
- change the litter in the box;
- weigh the puppies, examine them carefully;
- change bedding for newborns daily;
- during the first day, you need to make sure that the bitch does not gnaw the kids and crush them;
- make sure that the puppies are full and stay close to their mother;
- feed your dog nutritious foods with plenty of calcium and protein;
- give a lot of fluids;
- immediately after giving birth, give the shepherd a warm, not very fatty meat broth;
- if the bitch did not free the puppies from the fetal membrane on her own, the owner should do it for her as soon as possible, then remove the mucus from the mouth and nose, bandage and cut the umbilical cord;
- massage the cubs with a clean and dry towel;
- it is important not to let the dog eat more than two afterbirth (otherwise it will lead to diarrhea).
Newborn german shepherd puppy
False and frozen pregnancy
A sign of false pregnancy is the appearance of milk at 5 weeks after estrus and a sharp change in behavior. This condition is a consequence of hormonal disruption. Symptoms may occur later, such as 2 months after estrus.
If mating took place, then the cause of a false pregnancy can be the death and resorption of the fetus in the first month.
- swelling of the mammary glands, the appearance of milk;
- enlargement and swelling of the loop;
- change in appetite (decrease or increase);
- increased body temperature;
- pseudo-contractions are possible;
- the dog refuses to walk, looks for a secluded place, behaves restlessly, whines;
- the bitch becomes lethargic;
- the female begins to equip the den, “nurses” inanimate objects, can behave aggressively, protecting the nest;
- the dog shows maternal instinct towards other pets.
This condition is not a disease in the usual sense, it is a complex psychophysical abnormality caused by hormonal disruption, as well as psychological factors (for example, cohabitation of a dog with a pregnant female).
However, such a condition is dangerous with such consequences as:
- Purulent mastitis.
- Tumors in the uterus.
It is recommended to show the dog to the veterinarian.
As for a frozen pregnancy, it is as follows: the development of one or more embryos stops, as a result of which they quickly die.
Diagnostics is carried out on the basis of the clinical picture and as a result of ultrasound. Dead fetuses are most often expelled from the uterus on their own, which ends in a miscarriage.
Signs of an imminent birth
The first symptoms appear 2-3 days before the onset of labor. the dog becomes restless, the body temperature drops by a couple of degrees. Before the process itself, there are signs:
- Breathing is intermittent, frequent.
- Accelerated heart rate;
- Dilated pupils.
- The dog asks for help from the owner (whines, looks into the eyes).
- The mucous plug exfoliates.
- Petomitsa arches his back, crouches.
Help with toxicosis
Nausea and vomiting can be relieved with fish and cottage cheese. In addition, special preparations in a small dosage will be appropriate. They are written out by a veterinarian. In case of severe vomiting, it is recommended to add a small amount of glucose to the water.
How is childbirth going?
Labor is a physiological process of removing fetuses from the uterus, expulsion of the afterbirth and fetal waters as a result of contractions (active muscle contractions of the uterus, repeated periodically) and pushing (rhythmic contractions of the abdominal muscles).
Childbirth can be divided into several stages:
- prenatal stage (preparatory);
- main process;
- postpartum stage.
How many puppies are born to a German Shepherd?
Much depends on how many puppies the dog is carrying, there can be from 1 to 12 puppies of a German shepherd dog. For the dog itself, it is better if the number of puppies does not exceed 10. Otherwise, it is difficult to feed them. How many puppies can a German Shepherd give birth to maximum? Answer: up to 14, but this is extremely rare.
On average, a bitch of this breed brings from 7 to 8 babies. A primiparous dog may have fewer children. But in general, the number of offspring depends on heredity and on the individual characteristics of the shepherd’s organism.
In order for your pet to give you healthy and strong puppies, you should knit it no more than once a year.
During pregnancy, it is good for your dog to be outdoors more often. Walks can be long, but the owner needs to observe the behavior of the shepherd, not to overwork it.
For a walk, choose calm places, walk at a leisurely, measured pace.
Starting from the 7th week of puberty, the bitch should be taken outside more often. The growing uterus presses on the bladder and intestines, causing the urge to empty. Pregnancy with a German Shepherd, which can vary in length, can bring many surprises into your life at the end of your life, including even night walks.
NEW FOR PETS
Helping puppies during childbirth
It happens that the fruit comes out with difficulty, then you need to carefully pull it out. Pull the baby on the exposed body parts, grabbing them with a sterile napkin. Do this by adjusting to the rhythm of the contractions.
If the mother is unable to handle the newborn herself, the following should be done:
- free it from the amniotic fluid,
- cut the umbilical cord 2 cm from the tummy;
- clean the mouth and nose of the puppy with sterile gauze;
- let the mother lick the baby;
- if the puppy does not squeak and breathes with difficulty, it is shaken sharply;
- as soon as the newborn makes a screeching sound, it is applied to the mother’s nipple.
All puppies born after feeding are placed in a prepared box with bedding and heating pad. The babies are applied to the mother’s nipple in turn. Everyone should get their own portion of colostrum to strengthen the immune system.
Immediately after birth, the color of the puppy cannot be determined. You can read more about the types of colors in the article.
German Shepherd Pregnancy Signs
How to tell if your German Shepherd is pregnant? Clear signs that the German Shepherd is expecting offspring are evident in the second half of pregnancy.
In the first month of puberty, the bitch’s appearance does not change. And probing will not help to understand whether your pet is in an “interesting” position. This is in the competence of the veterinarian, who can thus diagnose pregnancy after the third week.
IMPORTANT: In the first month, an attentive owner may, by the behavior of the dog, assume that she will soon become a mother. A pregnant German Shepherd (photo below) sometimes becomes apathetic, lethargic, more thirsty and requires more affection.
By the end of the first month. the beginning of the second, more obvious external signs of the bitch are already showing:
- closer to the 30th day, the mammary glands begin to increase, the growth of the abdomen is already more noticeable;
- the dog gains weight quickly after 33 days;
- after the 38th day (at the 6th week of gestation), the fetuses in the uterus can be palpated. At this time, using an X-ray study, it is determined how many puppies the bitch is carrying;
- at the 9th week of pregnancy, the dog’s belly drops, vaginal discharge, abundant colostrum appear (this can threaten the development of mastitis);
- milk in giving birth dogs appears 7-10 days before the day of the expected birth, and in primiparous shepherds immediately before pupping or right in the process.
ATTENTION! Any violation of the normal course of pregnancy is a reason to urgently consult a veterinarian. Deviations are manifested in the form of depressed behavior, lack of appetite, shortness of breath, bloody vaginal discharge, breast tightness.