Pros of aquarium maintenance
As it turned out, in the aquarium it affects the lifespan of the scalar, however, it has its own advantages and disadvantages. The pluses of keeping angel fish in an artificial reservoir include:
- Safety. Caring aquarists are responsible for choosing their neighbors. Unfortunately, in the wild, scalars often die from attacks by predators.
- Regular feeding. at home, pets will have constant and proper nutrition, so the fish will not have to starve, which happens in their natural habitat.
- Spawning. when keeping an aquarium, the owners carefully create safe conditions for spawning, so that 90% of the fry survive.
Diseases of scalar external signs and treatment
Aquarium fish scalars from the Tsikhlov family are charming inhabitants of artificial reservoirs, which aquarists love not only for their external beauty and unpretentiousness. The main quality, thanks to which scalars gained popularity, is the ability of fish to adapt to different living conditions, and feel great in captivity for many years. However, hobbyists interested in how long scalars live in captivity should be aware that these fish are susceptible to many ailments. It is the diseases of the scalar that are the reason that the life of pets can be suddenly interrupted, so every holder of these fish should know the signs and methods of treating ailments.
Features of the content
In order not to wonder why your beloved fish died, you need to carefully monitor the conditions in which the pets live. You can extend the life of fish by paying attention to the following aspects:
- Tank capacity. for each angel, there should be 100 liters of liquid. In a small aquarium, scalars will not be able to develop, which leads to improper formation of internal organs. Bowel problems, red eyes in fish, weakness and indifference are considered signs of a malfunction of the body.
- Aeration. Angels prefer oxygenated water, so the aerator should run twice a day for 40 minutes. Otherwise, the fish develop oxygen starvation, and the condition worsens.
- Cleaning. It is important for fish to keep their home clean. To do this, they regularly clean the walls and bottom of the aquarium, after each meal, remove the remnants of food.
- Water replacement. carried out weekly, updating ¼ of the volume. If the aquarium is cloudy, then this greatly threatens the health of the fish. when the aquatic environment is polluted, the owners often note that the scalar has dimmed eyes or worsening health.
- Nutrition. should match the natural diet as much as possible. For this, the menu includes live and frozen food, plant foods. With an incorrect diet, dire consequences are possible: the scalar’s intestines crawled out, the fish refuses to eat and hides. In addition, due to an improper diet, the scalar may swell up the abdomen or swell the body.
Factors affecting life span
Factors contributing to the decrease in the life of angel fish can be conditionally divided into two groups:
Quite often, the development of diseases occurs due to violation of the rules of maintenance, so every aquarist must strictly adhere to the recommendations for caring for fish.
The lifespan of the scalar
After purchasing aquarium fish, the owner of the aquarium is responsible for the health and life of the pets. The colorful inhabitants of the reservoir are chosen by aquarists based on preference, size, appearance and phenotype lifespan. Nimble scalars, popularly called “angel fish” because of the shape of the body, are ideal for those who want to have a pet for a long time. The answer to the question of how long the scalar lives depends on the habitat:
- In the wild. in the wild, the lifespan of angel fish is 20-25 years.
- In a home aquarium. life expectancy in captivity is 10-12 years.
Obviously, if kept in an artificial reservoir, it takes over ten years from the angels. This is due to the fact that in nature, fish live in warm, oxygen-rich water, and it is impossible to recreate such conditions in captivity. Even with effort, most angels will not live more than twelve years in an aquarium. However, there are exceptions. isolated cases have been recorded in the world when angel fish at home lived up to 20 years.
The main reason that shortens the life of fish is recognized as diseases and pathologies that persecute decorative pets. That is why every owner should be aware of possible ailments and what to do to save fish from death.
Cons of living in an aquarium
The main disadvantage of scalar life in an aquarium is the impossibility of natural selection. In the harsh conditions of the wild, most fish die, unable to withstand attacks, hunger and changes in the aquatic environment. In an artificial reservoir, pets are not threatened with a terrible fate, so weak representatives survive, becoming parents. This contributes to a decrease in the gene pool, and as a result, the fry born are weak, prone to various diseases and ailments.
In scalars, the disease requires immediate treatment, and aquarists are taking steps to save the diseased individuals. Often, treatment is performed with table salt, or by increasing the temperature in the reservoir. This saves the life of the fish, but affects the metabolism, as a result of which the internal organs wear out faster. Therefore, the need to treat scalar in an aquarium is considered the main disadvantage of keeping in captivity.
Disease is the main reason for a decrease in the lifespan of aquarium pets. Diseases can affect fish at any age, so it is extremely important to know the symptoms and treatments for common ailments. Most often, scalars are exposed to:
- Hexamitosis in scalar is a parasitic disease that often leads to death. With hexamitosis, the fish become lethargic, lifeless, the anus becomes inflamed. For the treatment of fish, baths with trichopolum are used. 10 g / 1 l.
- Fin rot in scalars. manifests itself in the form of a light plaque on the scales, which grows into ulcers. Then the fins disintegrate and die off, the fish feels bad and dies. For treatment use malachite green, formalin, chloramphenicol.
- Dropsy. if the scalar has a swollen belly, then dropsy may be the cause. This disease, which affects the fins and scales, is often the cause of the death of aquarium fish. Treatment is performed with bicillin-5 or maracin.
- Rubella is a dangerous disease, the signs of which are the following symptoms: the gills of the fish turn red, and scarlet spots have formed on the body. As the skin develops, the skin becomes covered with ulcers, and the scalars die. Rubella treatment is performed with copper sulfate, bicillin-5, or methylene blue.
Every aquarist wants their pets to stay close as long as possible, so you need to take care of your angel fish carefully. Charming scalars, like many other phenotypes, are not immune to terrible diseases that can cause death. To avoid ailments, you should adhere to the rules for keeping scalars, and then the angels will live a long and happy life.
How to tell a female from a male
You can also distinguish a male scalar from a female by the genitals
It is possible to determine the sex of a fish only if it has reached the age of 10 months. It is during this period that it is possible to see that the male has a longer dorsal fin with wide stripes. In addition, he is larger in himself, distinguishes him from the female and the bulging forehead.
During spawning, the male vas deferens is clearly visible, and the female. the ovipositor.
So that the scalars in the aquarium do not suffer, you need to provide them with normal care and conditions of detention, taking into account their main features.
What to feed
They are considered unpretentious in food, because dry and live food, frozen minced seafood are equally consumed. The main rule is not to overfeed the fish, they are quite voracious and quickly gain weight, which makes them sedentary and lazy.
The most favorite delicacy is bloodworms, aphids, wood lice, koretra. Due to the peculiarities of their shape, it is inconvenient for them to pick up food from the bottom, therefore, if you do not have the opportunity to often buy live food for the fish, choose dry food that will slowly descend down the aquarium. An excellent solution would be to use small feeders installed inside an artificial reservoir.
WORLDS LARGEST INDOOR HOME AQUARIUM!!!
Food should be varied and rich in vitamins. Otherwise, the fish themselves begin to eat algae and bite their roommates. This is a sign that you need to include spirulina in your diet and add animal protein.
It is recommended to feed them no more than 2 or 3 times a day. Be sure to keep the food fresh (especially when it comes to live food). Otherwise, the fish may be poisoned and die.
As for the fry, you should not start feeding them until the moment when their yolk sac is completely empty. This happens about 8-14 days after the appearance. The very first food for them should be brine shrimp. You need to give them to the fry 3 times in essence. If you see that the fish are becoming transparent, then there is enough food for them.
Breeding scalars at home
Breeding requires special skills and experience, since poor-quality living conditions of fish will lead to the fact that they will not be able to reproduce at all or will eat their eggs.
Angelfish: care and in a home aquarium
There are scalars in almost every home aquarium. They gained their popularity due to their unusual appearance and bright colors. Caring for scalars and them is not difficult if you know the main rules for caring for them.
Promotes the destruction of the gills, on which white spots and dots first appear. This disease is difficult to cure, so you need to see a specialist. The recovery period for an individual takes quite a long time.
They provoke the appearance of white cones and dots on the body. The fish constantly tries to lie on its side, moves little. Such an individual is eliminated, and the water is completely changed.
The necessary conditions
The larger the volume of the aquarium, the better the scalars will feel.
The scalar is a schooling fish, so you need to purchase several at once. The minimum number of individuals in one tank is 4-6 pieces.
The main requirements for the parameters of the aquarium:
- For two individuals, a minimum of 60 liters of water is required.
- It is preferable to have a rectangular aquarium.
- The height of the container must be at least 45 cm.
It is imperative to ensure that the water is always clean and transparent. Therefore, take care of installing several powerful filters right away. They must be equipped with biological and mechanical filtration modes. Do not forget to adjust the water release correctly, because too much current is not suitable for these fish.
Water parameters in an artificial reservoir:
- Acidity. 6.5-7.4.
- Hardness. 18.
- Temperature. 27-28 degrees (if the temperature readings are much lower, then the fish will be sick and will not be able to grow normally).
A temperature of 25 degrees is considered permissible, but the fish will not reproduce at the same time, although nothing threatens their health in this case.
You need to change the water in the aquarium every week. In this case, it is enough to pour out half of the old liquid and fill it with a new one.
There should be a lot of vegetation in the reservoir so that the fish can hide in thick, wide leaves. For this, also use small decorations in the form of castles and driftwood. At the same time, do not forget that the scalar loves to swim freely without obstacles, so algae and foreign objects should not occupy the entire volume of the aquarium.
Lighting should be dim and diffused so as not to frighten the fish. Bright light can greatly scare them, as a result of which they can be injured by foreign objects.
As for the soil, fine gravel or sand is most acceptable and will not pollute the water in the reservoir.
Scalars :. compatibility, care, reproduction, species, photo-video review
SCALARIES. compatibility, care, reproduction, species, photo-video review In my opinion, scalars (Pterophyllum scalare) are one of the most beautiful aquarium fish.
These South American cichlids simply fascinate with their elegance and beauty of sailing fins, which, like angel wings, support it in measured weightlessness. Actually, it is not for nothing that these fish are called Angels abroad.
Their mannerism and kinship with the elite Discus give the aristocratic gloss inherent only to them. Aquarists have known these aquarium fish for over 100 years and during this time they have earned recognition and respect. In addition to the listed advantages, scalars have a well-developed intellect, are not whimsical in content and are caring parents.
Latin name: Pterophyllum scalare.
Order, family: Perchids (Perciformes), cichlids, cichlids (Cichlidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 22-27 ° С.
“Acidity” Ph: 6-7.5.
Hardness dH: up to 10 °.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 30%.
Complexity of content: easy.
Angelfish Compatibility: Although scalars are cichlids, they are not aggressive.
Even small, peaceful fish and even live-bearers are favorably disposed towards. As neighbors, you can recommend: red swordtails (look great with black sklyars), thorns and other tetras, zebrafish, all catfish, gourami and lalius, parrots and apistograms, other non-aggressive cichlids.
Not compatible with: neons, guppies (they will be eaten sooner or later at night), goldfish (they are pigs, they have a different feeding regime, goldfish are nervous and scalars drive them and pluck them), discus, although they are also relatives, in my opinion, are not the best neighbors are expensive discus, they love warm water, they grow into large fish, are capricious. In general, I am in favor of keeping discus separately in a species aquarium. See the article. aquarium fish compatibility.
How long they live: the scalar is an aquarium long-liver and can live for more than 10 years. You can find out how many other fish live HERE!
Breeding, reproduction and sexual characteristics of scalars
The first sign is behavior. Boys behave like boys, girls like girls. This is especially noticeable when scalars are divided into pairs. In a pair, you can immediately see who is the male and who is the female.
The second sign is the structure of the body. Male scalars have a 100% distinctive feature. it is a fatty bump on the forehead. hump. Females do not have it. The forehead of the male is convex, in the female, on the contrary, it is sunken. In addition, the body of male scalars is more powerful, their fin is longer on the back and stripes are visible on it (on the back).
Third sign. manifests itself during the spawning period. The male has a narrow and sharp vas deferens, but the female scalar develops a wide and short ovipositor.
FISH TOO BIG to keep in HOME AQUARIUM!
Photo of a scalar larva
They are quite unpretentious to feed, feed on all its varieties. It is better to choose food that does not sink, since the scalars mostly float near the surface, but they will not be collected from the bottom. You need to feed 2-3 times a day. Do not overfeed under any circumstances, as they are prone to obesity. This can lead to the impossibility of reproduction. It is useful even once a week to arrange a fasting day for them.
Another undoubted advantage is the affordable price of the scalar, their relative unpretentiousness in maintenance, and a high probability of reproduction. These fabulously beautiful fish willingly get along with a large number of other representatives of the underwater world.
It should be borne in mind that the scalar is a predatory fish, therefore, it will perceive almost all small fish attached to it as food. And for larger fish of the family of predators, the scalar itself can become an object of hunting. Especially if you take into account its slowness when combined with a calm character. Another point. it is better to add neighbors to these fish from a young age, if they grow up together, they can peacefully coexist throughout their lives.
MOLLINESIA FEEDING COMPATIBILITY SPREADING CARE DESCRIPTION
What fish do scalars get along with in an aquarium?
Today the choice of aquarium fish is very large. It all depends on your preferences and financial capabilities. But for a novice aquarist, it is necessary to choose unpretentious fish, with a calm character and good relations with other inhabitants. Many beginners love the scalar for their beauty and grace, combined with their slowness. However, this is not the easiest fish to keep in an aquarium. An important factor is knowing. with whom scalars live well.
How many years will scalars live?
Scalaria is a popular aquarium fish, a representative of the Cichlov family (Cichlids). Natural habitat. freshwater reservoirs of South America (Amazon and its tributaries). There, the water is saturated with a large amount of dissolved oxygen, which allows it to adapt to different living conditions. She has a hardy organism, body shape and diet allowed her to adapt to captivity, enduring some changes in water parameters. For aquarists keeping these fish, the question often arises: “How long do scalars live?”.
As a fish belonging to the Cichlid family, its lifespan at home can be more than ten years. With proper keeping conditions: proper feeding, clean water, spacious aquarium, careful care, the life of this beautiful pet can be significantly extended. Copies of long-livers among scalar also met.