Heat in small breed dogs
Heat in small breed dogs begins after about 6 months of life. Usually, the first heat occurs between 6-12 months, for example, in a Yorkshire Terrier, heat begins about a year.
When to breed your dog when they are in heat
But there is no hard and fast rule. Each animal is individual. At this time, owners of small dogs on walks need to be especially vigilant so that a huge dog does not “roll up” to the bitch, otherwise it can cause serious damage to health.
Signs, symptoms, dog in heat
How to tell if a dog is in heat? Your dog’s behavior changes during estrus. The dog becomes more active, playful, and naughty. Hormones begin to “play”, and instinct pushes her to free behavior. You can identify estrus by the following signs:
- At this time, the dog begins to urinate much more often;
- attention from males increases much;
- blood droplets can be seen on the litter or floor that come out of the loop;
- females periodically lick the noose.
At this time, females do not allow males, since they are not ready for the fertilization process.
As a rule, by 9-15 days, the discharge becomes slimy, straw-colored. This is the period of the so-called “unfavorable” days. At this time, the female has maximum sexual arousal when they notice the males, move their tail to the side and take a stance. The loop swells a lot.
This period lasts approximately 5-7 days. The owner, if he wants to mate the dog, is obliged to mark these days. Depending on the breed, the favorable time for fertilization can come on days 9-17, in some even 21 days.
To prevent the animal from leaving the characteristic droplets of red in the house, you can use special pants for dogs in heat. However, most dog handlers advise teaching her to lick her very first heat. Be that as it may, it is recommended to wrap the carpets during emptying.
When does the first heat in dogs begin??
In bitches, puberty begins at the age of about 7 months. 1.5 years (depending on whether the dog is a small or large breed), and is expressed by the fact that the bitch begins to shed heavily.
The first heat, unlike the next, is the shortest. Often only a weak manifestation of it is noted, the so-called hidden puddle. this is an insignificant release of blood, which attracts little males.
Young bitches, which are close to puberty, are likely to develop false heat, in this regard, allowing mating, heat can suddenly interrupt without ovulation. But after a few days the bitch can go hunting again and already with ovulation. Signs of heat in a bitch are spotting from the noose, which is attractive to males.
Heat in large breed dogs
Heat in large breed dogs usually begins between 12 and 18 months of age. But the time of the onset of estrus is purely individual and there is no specific period.
A favorable time for conception in large breeds of dogs is considered to be 10-15 days of estrus. The sexual arousal of the female during this period is at the maximum level and it is at this time that it is recommended to bring her with the male.
- Stage 1. proestrus. minor bleeding, but traces remain wherever the dog has been. To do this, use special absorbent pants;
- Stage 2. estrus. begins 10 days after the first signs of bleeding. At this time, the bitch admits to her dog for fertilization. Continuation of this stage for 7 days. To obtain breed puppies, after fertilization, it is better to protect the bitch from other males;
- 3rd stage. diestrus. the final stage, at this time the bitch still attracts males, but does not let them in. The period lasts up to 10 days, after the end of the stage, estrus occurs only after six months.
Having passed a blood test for progesterone, you can avoid mistakes. If there was no heat, you need to look for the reason for the interruption of the cycle. If necessary, the veterinarian can artificially induce estrus.
How long does dogs‘ estrus last and how does a dog behave during and after estrus?
Heat in dogs is a natural, psychophysiological process that is characteristic of most female mammals. The presence of estrus indicates that the female is ready to mate and bear offspring.
How long does estrus last in dogs (duration)? How does the dog behave during heat, in front of it and after it, does the animal’s behavior change? What should the owner do if the dog is in frequent heat or is in heat for a long time? How to determine? Can dog briefs be used when in heat? We will try to answer these and other questions in this article.
All dog owners, without exception, have to deal with such a phenomenon as estrus (other names are pushover, esterus). Owners of bitches face this directly, and owners of males, so to speak, indirectly, since their pets come into contact with the opposite sex during walks.
How many days do dogs last and how many times they are in heat (frequency)?
Usually estrus occurs at intervals of twice a year and lasts 20-28 days (3-4 weeks). If its frequency is 3-4 times a year or more, then it is advisable to consult a veterinarian. Most likely the dog has harmonic disorders.
But there are also differences between dog breeds and their ages. For example, huskies are in heat once a year. In older bitches, the periods between pauses may be lengthened, the signs become less pronounced or remain completely invisible. Even a very old bitch is capable of mating and getting pregnant
In a bitch that has previously had regular heat, over time, their manifestation becomes more frequent or rare, it is important in this case to consult a veterinarian.
The owner of the bitch, throughout her life, needs to mark the dates of the onset of leaks, regardless of whether the dog was mated or not, this at the right time will make it possible to understand that the bitch did not come into heat on time, if this happened, then first make sure not whether the heat went unnoticed. If she didn’t need to go to the vet at all.
Factors affecting the duration of estrus
How long the estrus phase of an animal will last depends primarily on the breed. In addition, the duration of this period is influenced by:
- hormones. The more often the bitch was in contact with males (or lives in the same room with them), the longer the estrus will be;
- heredity. Like many other traits, estrus depends on a set of genes derived from ancestors;
- lighting. The longer the daylight hours, the longer the heat will last.
A dog’s heat: how long does it last and how often it happens
How often dogs are in heat depends on the conditions in which they live. So, in adult animals living in the house, it occurs twice a year. But for dogs leading a more active lifestyle in a private home, one estrus per year is characteristic.
Important! The same applies to service dogs, which get a lot of physical activity during frequent training.
Small dogs start earlier in heat.
How long does estrus last for small breed dogs and how often does it happen?
The estrus period is very important in the life of a dog of any breed. It is at this time that an unwanted pregnancy, an unforeseen health problem, can occur. Therefore, owners of dogs of all breeds, especially small ones, should have information about the signs, duration of the period and characteristics of estrus in different breeds of dogs.
How dogs are in heat
The first estrus in dogs occurs between the ages of 6 months and even up to 2 years. This is influenced by the breed of the animal and genetic inheritance. Most often this is a period from six months to a year. Heat is the period of sexual activity in females during which the animal can become pregnant.
The estrus period is very important for every dog.
Important! It must be remembered that the appearance of estrus in a female does not indicate her readiness for mating. Experienced dog breeders and veterinarians advise not to rush into the procedure and not to mate with dogs younger than 14-15 months, as well as older than 7 years.
According to its characteristic features, the estrus period is divided into several periods:
- Proestrus. duration from 7 to 10 days. It is characterized by changes in both the behavior of the animal and specific physiological processes. The animal begins to demand increased attention to itself, to put marks during the walk, however, the males are not yet allowed to come near it. During this period, the bitch’s loop is characterized by swelling, then bloody discharge begins.
- Estrus is the period during which there is the greatest likelihood of conception.
- Metestrus. At this stage, the state of the uterus and the loop is normalized, returning to natural. The discharge disappears, and the behavior becomes characteristic of the animal. Sometimes there are cases that a dog, upon completion of the estrus process, even if fertilization has not occurred, may show symptoms of a false pregnancy.
During estrus, the character of the animal changes.
What to do during heat: rules for the owner
Owners of Yorkshire Terriers, Cocker Spaniels, Pomeranians, Dachshunds, Miniature Schnauzers, French Bulldogs, Yorkies and other small breeds most often prepare in advance for the upcoming estrus of their darlings and look for a suitable groom for them. Therefore, at the onset of the expected period and in the absence of contraindications, animals are mated.
Given the considerable cost of many small breeds, with insufficient experience of the owner of the dogs in this matter, they often resort to the help of professional breeders and mating specialists in order to avoid undesirable consequences.
During estrus, animals are advised to wear special panties.
If the owners’ plans do not include breeding offspring, then the bitch during this period will have to be very carefully monitored, literally without taking her eyes off her. It is imperative to walk on a leash, limiting contact with males as much as possible. Also, dogs should not be allowed to sit on a dog, since in this case it will be almost impossible to interrupt sexual intercourse.
Note! The estrus period can go unnoticed if the dog is a small breed. Therefore, you need to carefully monitor whether slightly distinguishable pink discharge appears.
How long does estrus last in a dog?
Estrus usually lasts an average of 3-10 days. The first heat is characterized by its faster completion. During this period, the behavior of the animal changes dramatically, which is impossible not to notice. Even the most modest and calm dogs begin to show signs of attention to males, take a characteristic pose, arch their tail.
Note! The animal begins to place marks literally at every step, and some bitches may even lick the marks left by the dog.
Physiological changes consist in the fact that the discharge loses its intense color, becomes more scarce (it is a smeared discharge of a slightly pink color), or even disappears altogether. The loop becomes loose and soft. It is during the estrus period that ovulation occurs. the eggs leave the ovaries and mature in the uterus.
Duration of estrus in different breeds
It is difficult to answer the question how many times a year a dog is in heat and how long this period lasts. The process is influenced by a large number of factors, both external and related to the individual characteristics of the animal. The formation of the cycle occurs after 2-3 estrus. Therefore, owners need to keep appropriate records to control the process.
What to do in case of complications
During and after estrus, the likelihood of various health problems in your dog increases. This is due to the fact that during this period the animal’s body is more susceptible to many infections, since pathogenic microorganisms can penetrate deep into the tissues through the opening channels.
- other animals;
- walking down the street;
- contact with the ground and grass;
- active games.
To avoid unpleasant situations and prevent the development of possible complications, the owners need to pay attention to:
- the nature of the discharge;
- features of the color of the discharge and their possible change;
- their frequency and quantity;
- the appearance of an unpleasant odor.
Important! If the condition of the animal raises questions, and this is accompanied by loss of appetite, increased thirst, rapid fatigability, then you need to urgently consult a veterinarian.
It would be much better if the fears are not confirmed than to miss the onset of a serious illness, which can have serious consequences for the pet’s health and may even cause its death.
During estrus, the animal must be carefully observed and not bathed in a river or lake.
How long does estrus last in small breed dogs depends on the heredity and characteristics of the breed. The term when it appears for the first time is also individual. Every dog owner, regardless of whether it is Amstaff, Husky, German Shepherd, Labrador or Chihuahua, needs to know about the main symptoms of estrus and how to behave. Indeed, such a state is a very important period in the life of every animal. You should especially be wary of possible complications during estrus, as they can have serious consequences for your pet’s health. And for owners of small breed dogs, be sure to remember that their animal’s estrus can pass imperceptibly.
Female’s first estrus
The difference between a dog’s first heat and the rest is such that it does not go away so obviously as the others. If you don’t look closely at the animal, you can skip it altogether.
The period from 6 to 12 months is considered to be the time of the onset of the first empty spot. Rarely, but it happens when the date of the first menstruation of the dog falls on 1.5-2 years.
In time, the first estrus often passes less than the subsequent ones, even the discharge is not so abundant. The changed behavior of the dog should serve as a guideline: you cannot miss this, even though pregnancy is undesirable, it can still come.
Cynologists recommend not to put on protective panties on the girl during the first heat: the dog must learn to lick itself.
The stages of the sexual hunt
Let’s consider in detail what stages estrus consists of.
Proestrus (forerunner) lasts from 7 to 10 days. Blood rushes to the genitals, in connection with which there is a gradual swelling of the vulva. At this time, the owner notices the first bleeding. This is not the time for mating, but only the initial period of preparation of the body for it.
Behavior changes: increased excitability, the dog plays, then begins to obey poorly. On the street makes marks with urine. Flirting with males ends with her growling and jumping.
Estrus (rut). In the first days from the beginning of this stage, ovulation occurs, but the bitch can also let the males in for several days after that.
The characteristics of the discharge in different breeds of dogs in the third stage may differ. In any case, it is considered the norm if the color of the discharge, when ready for knitting, is light pink. The discharge may stop, but the vulva will be very swollen.
The female willingly lets the males “welcome” them by raising the pelvis and pulling up the loop with tail abduction and typical fading.
The duration of metaestrus is several days. At this time, heat begins to stop. Discharges of reddish color are completed, the loop becomes smaller, males no longer arouse interest.
If pregnancy has not occurred, then the body returns to its usual state. It is important to understand that with metaestrus, the “pregnancy hormone” (progesterone) remains elevated, and fertilization might not have occurred. It can lead to false pregnancy.
Anestrus is called sexual rest. The period lasts from 100 to 150 days.
In large and medium breeds
Owners of large-bred bitches should expect a longer duration of the puddle, and its onset at an older age. In medium breeds, it begins at 10-15 months with a duration of 21-22 days, in large breeds at 12-24 months with a duration of 22-30 days.
Heat in dogs: signs, duration, frequency
A female puppy honey pretty quickly becomes a pretty sexually mature lady. There is something inevitable in growing up a dog that every owner should know about. A dog’s heat is a natural process, indicating that the puppy girl has already become an adult and can herself take part in mating and bearing puppies. We invite you to find out in more detail what is estrus in dogs, and what the owners should do about it.
How old are dogs?
If people have such a concept as menopause, then dogs do not have menopause. The flow will continue until the end of the animal’s life. Over time, the periods of pause and hunting mix, but you should not knit an elderly pet.
Dog behavior before estrus
The typical behavior of a beloved four-legged girl changes after the onset of 6 months, and becomes characteristic before each estrus:
A previously obedient dog stops responding to familiar commands, looks annoyed or overly affectionate;
Appetite often disappears, and an aggressive reaction to female dogs and a clear interest in the male sex is indicative.
Caring for a dog during estrus
During this period, the dog is more vulnerable to many infections: it should not be hypothermic and should not be allowed to communicate with other animals. Walks should become shorter, and walking is better done only on a leash.
If the behavior is restless, there is lethargy, the dog whines, you should gently feel the stomach. When unpleasant sensations, the dog will squeal. You need to give an antispasmodic and consult a veterinarian.
It is worth removing the rugs from the carpet during a dog’s period and you will have to teach your pet not to sit on textile things. It is necessary to train from the very beginning. during periods of estrus, the dog can be naughty.
If the behavior is completely uncontrollable, then it is worth walking the animal more often. This approach will help reduce your aggressive mood and improve your mood. If the season is cold, then you need to insulate the pet with overalls.
Behavior can be corrected by giving the dog a sedative that is safe for its body. It is best to consult a specialist for advice on choosing such a remedy. there are allergic reactions to incorrectly selected drugs or when the dosage is exceeded.
You should not walk in heat with a dog without a leash, especially walks in places where males congregate are not recommended.
Breaking the cycle
Disorders of the reproductive cycle in bitches can be manifested by deviations in the frequency of estrus and in the volume of discharge. The causes of such disorders are inflammatory diseases, genital infections of bacterial and fungal origin, hormonal disorders.
It is quite natural when a bitch often asks during the cycle for little need. She has frequent urge to urinate while walking.
There can be two reasons for this behavior:
If at the end of the second. beginning of the third phase, the frequency of urination decreases, then there is absolutely no reason for concern. If this picture persists, you need to be examined by a veterinarian.
Frequency of estrus
Seasonality does not in any way affect the hormonal surges in the dog’s body, but each individual has certain months and even seasons for estrus. Since each bitch walks twice a year (in rare cases, perhaps 3 times a year, against the background of hormonal disruptions and inflammation), the frequency between the first and second estrus is usually 4-6 months. The exception is elderly dogs and representatives of some breeds: for example, husky, husky, basenji. They have an interval between each cycle of one year.
In addition, estrus occurs once a year and in some service dogs subject to increased physical exertion. In many animals kept in enclosures, the frequency of estrus is also once a year.
Heat ends at the age of 10-14 years, but this figure is approximate and depends on what breed of the bitch, how often she had cycles throughout her life, how many times she was puppy. In general, estrus occurs over as many years as physiology allows the offspring to bear. Therefore, it is impossible to give a definite answer to the question at what age the estrus stops.
Next, we will look at the phases of heat and how long they last.
Heat in dogs
Alina Rykunov Veterinarian general practitioner, specialization. dermatology, dietetics
A heat in a dog is evidence that the dog is becoming sexually mature and ready to fertilize and bear offspring. This cyclical phenomenon repeats itself throughout almost the entire life of the animal. It was during this period that the animal is physiologically ready for fertilization and conception of offspring.
Dog behavior during estrus
The bitch, starting from the first day of the sexual cycle, quickly loses control over her composure. What the owner needs first of all to know in order to prevent unwanted mating?
The behavior of a dog can change exactly the opposite: it is always calm and docile, it becomes overly energetic during estrus;
Interest in relatives of the opposite sex also changes extraordinarily: either she does not want to see anyone, then suddenly the males become the only creatures that she needs;
Appetite is also unstable, with different dogs in its own way. Some need as much food as possible, others don’t even look at their bowl;
Disorders in the urinary system are almost a mandatory sign.
Female Dog In Heat, When Living with a Male Dog: Tips 101
Now a little more about these and some other changes in the behavior of the animal. Knowing this is necessary at least in order to have an idea of what to do when estrus begins.
In this context, you should immediately pay attention to three such facets of the bitch’s behavioral factors:
changes in relationships with other females;
In relation to males, the bitch shows interest during estrus depending on the phase of the cycle. At the initial stage (up to 10 days), she does not show much affection and can even run away from annoying suitors. In some cases, he can show aggression towards the gentleman, although he does not mind getting to know each other.
Only in the peak phase of estrus will the dog be ready to show loyalty and admit the suitor. over, during this period, the female becomes so docile and ready for mating that even she herself begins to take the initiative.
With lingering sounds, she can call males to her. Some of the breeds (such as the husky) are ready for all sorts of tricks just to find a mate. They escape from enclosures, can dig under fences, break off the leash or simply gnaw at it.
In the final phase, estrus is accompanied by relative calm. Sometimes there are emotional outbursts under the influence of fading hormones, but they are less frequent by the date of the end of the cycle. Males during this period are almost not interested.
For other females, the situation is more complicated. Often in all phases of estrus, the dog can show aggression towards its competitors. And almost nothing stops her. neither the size, nor the number of rivals.
Relations with the owners are no less tense. No matter how trained the bitch is, most often heat is manifested by disobedience. Even to her nickname, she may not react the first time. A dog may react in different ways to its owner:
to show love, friendliness, attention with all your appearance;
can ignore commands, show disobedience. This is especially evident in the second phase of estrus.
During this period, the animal can voluntarily leave the owner for a walk and (with almost one hundred percent probability!) Drag him on a leash to the places of accumulation of other relatives. Especially if there is a dog.
Anxiety is one of the important signs in the behavior of a bitch during the onset of heat. The animal is always trying to sniff out something, look around the house or aviary, howl.
Frequent urination is another common symptom. The dog often marks its path, so sometimes you have to stop literally every 50 meters.
During this period, signs of ingenuity and ingenuity are especially pronounced. The dog can show complete complaisance, STIHL, just to be released from the leash.
During estrus, it is better to abandon standard training methods and not teach any new commands. During this period, it is better to repeat the commands learned earlier, ending the course with already worked skills and praise.
How long does estrus last for dogs?
There are no serious differences of opinion regarding the duration of this sexual phenomenon. regardless of the breed and other signs and circumstances, the duration of estrus is traditionally 20-22 days.
It is impossible to determine in advance how many days a dog is in heat. Each dog has this peculiarity. The duration of this process is influenced by the physiological state of the animal, the type of breed, hormonal background, age and some other factors. The duration is also influenced by the condition of the dog’s reproductive system.
In some cases, in dogs that are too young or with minor pathologies of the reproductive system, the number of days during which they are in heat reaches 28.
The duration of the cycle can sometimes be slightly longer. up to 25–28 days in heat in large breeds. And a little less. about 20-25 days. the duration of estrus in dogs of medium and small breeds.
These indicators are completely stabilized along with the onset of physiological maturity. On average, estrus lasts as long as it takes for the body to produce hormones and fertilize. But it is not worth it to happen to the dog at the first sign. She will be fully ready for conception only by the 8-9th day. Until then, attempts by males will be rejected. The peak will be around 10-17 days of estrus. And by the 22nd-23rd day of this cycle, the female again becomes indifferent to her gentlemen.
Having figured out how long the estrus lasts in dogs, let’s move on to its frequency.
During the period of metaestrus (or diestrus), the bitch’s activity decreases, she almost does not react to the presence of males, her character becomes balanced. This phase falls on the 17–23rd day from the onset of the first signs of estrus. At this time, mating is undesirable, since the probability of fertilization is getting lower every day. Ovulation no longer occurs and conception is almost impossible.
This is the initial stage, at which the first signs of a dog’s readiness for contact with the opposite sex are just emerging. The bitch at this time begins to take an interest in males, but when they try to establish intimacy, she shows aggression or runs away. The dog often tries to sit on the tail, does not obey the owner, is reluctant to follow commands. Proestrus lasts from 1 to 7-10 days, depending on the characteristics of the breed, age and hormonal levels. On the 3-4th day of this stage of estrus, bloody discharge begins to appear.
When dogs are in heat
How long does estrus last for dogs?
Regardless of size and breed, estrus in all dogs lasts 20-30 days. It is divided into four phases, which differ in physiological signs and characteristics of behavior.
Proestrus. the first phase, which lasts 7-10 days. The genital loop of the dog swells, it begins to actively mark the territory, after 3-4 days the first spotting appears. The behavior of the animal changes: the dog becomes agitated, obeys commands poorly, shows a clear interest in males during walks, but when they try to enter into an intimate relationship with her, it becomes aggressive, runs away, sits on its tail.
Estrus. the second phase, when the dog ovulates and is ready to become a mother. Lasts 7-9 days. The dog’s pearl loop becomes soft, the discharge becomes transparent pink, she is actively interested in males and is not aggressive during their flirting. At this time, the dog is ready for mating.
Metaestrus. the third phase is when estrus ends. Lasts for several days. The dog’s secretions stop flowing, hormones decrease, it loses interest in the dog and stops letting them in.
Aestrus. the fourth phase, the period of sexual rest, which lasts 4 to 7 months between estrus.
Heat in dogs
Techka, or scientifically, estrus, is the period of a dog’s sexual cycle, during which it is ready for mating and fertilization. That is, this is the period when you can mate a dog if you want to get puppies from it, or, on the contrary, take additional precautions to avoid unscheduled mating.
What problems related to estrus may be faced by owners
As mentioned above, dogs in heat are accompanied by bloody discharge. Animals can leave marks on floors or furniture. If you do not want the dog to stain carpets and furniture during this period, either use special underpants, or limit its movement around the house to such an area where it will be easy to clean up after it.
The behavior of an animal during estrus can vary significantly. Some animals become more lethargic, passive, eat worse. Others become less controllable, aggressive towards other animals, agitated.
In any case, it is not recommended to let go of the dog during this period. This will help to avoid unpleasant consequences, such as the manifestation of aggression towards other animals and people, possible injuries (an animal in a state of excitement can run out onto the road and get hit by a car) and unwanted mating.
As a result of unplanned mating, the dog may become pregnant. If the male was larger, problems may arise during childbirth. If the fruits are very large, the dog will not be able to give birth on its own, and surgical intervention (caesarean section) will be required.
Another consequence of unplanned mating may be inflammation of the uterus (endometritis, pyometra), which will require treatment, and possibly even surgery. There are a number of sexually transmitted infections that can lead to inflammation and even infertility.
It is not recommended to allow the dog to swim in open water during estrus, to give it the opportunity to sit on the ground or in contaminated areas. During this period, the female genital tract is more open, as a result of which bacteria penetrate there more easily, which in turn can lead to inflammation in the organs of the genitourinary system (cystitis, endometritis).
Signs of cystitis. frequent urination in small portions, urine may acquire a sharp specific odor, blood may appear in the urine.
Endometritis is an inflammation of the lining of the uterus. This disease can be manifested by the appearance of mucous, mucopurulent or bloody discharge from the external genital tract. If treatment is not carried out on time, endometritis can lead to the development of pyometra. a purulent inflammation of the uterus. This is a very serious systemic disease. If at the same time the cervix remains closed, then all this pus accumulates in the uterine cavity, toxic substances are absorbed into the bloodstream and affect the entire body. If the cervix remains open, then you may notice a purulent or bloody discharge from the loop, sometimes with an unpleasant odor, the fur around the loop, the tail area and inner thighs may be stained with these secretions. The animal may become more lethargic, apathetic, drink more, refuse to eat, he may have a fever. This is a serious medical condition that can threaten your pet’s life! If you notice such symptoms, this is a reason to see a doctor immediately! Inflammation of the uterus can occur as a few days after the end of heat, and after a month or two.
During estrus, it is recommended to avoid visiting exhibitions, walking on dog grounds, where a large number of animals may accumulate, for the reasons mentioned above.
It is not recommended to carry out routine vaccination during estrus, it is recommended to wait until it ends.
When keeping opposite-sex animals in the same apartment, it is better to separate them for the period of estrus. Placing animals in separate rooms is not enough. Males can smell a bitch in heat several kilometers away. The best option is to take one of the animals to another house for a while. The presence of a female in heat in the house is very stressful for the dog. The animal becomes uncontrollable, can refuse food, whine, scratch the door and try in every possible way to get to the female.
How long does estrus last for dogs?
On average, estrus lasts 3 weeks. The estrus period can be divided into several phases.
Proestrus (forerunner) lasts 7-10 days. During this period, a change in the dog’s behavior can be observed. The animal becomes less controllable, can show aggression, actively mark the territory, not follow commands that usually did not cause difficulties. Some animals, on the contrary, become more lethargic, apathetic, fearful. Also, females can actively respond to males, but at the same time do not allow them to come near them, and when they try to get closer, they will snap and move to the side.
The external genitals also undergo changes during this period. The vulva (loop) swells due to the rush of blood, and the mucous membranes of the external genital organs may acquire a more intense color (bright pink or even bluish). Bloody discharge from the loop appears. Often, it is by the presence of bloody discharge that the owner can determine that the dog is in heat.
If possible, it is recommended to do without such devices. Dogs are constantly licked, and thus, carry out hygienic care of themselves, and the presence of underpants will prevent this. To avoid unwanted contamination of floors and sofas, carpets can be rolled up during estrus and do not allow the animal to jump on the sofa, but lie only in its place.
The next phase is estrus, the phase of sexual heat itself. It lasts 7-9 days. This is the phase during which ovulation occurs, and therefore, pregnancy is possible. Usually it is 11-13 days from the time of the onset of heat. The behavior of the dog during this period also changes. She becomes more affectionate and friendly, willingly allows males to approach her, takes her tail aside and freezes, demonstrating readiness for mating with such behavior. Discharge from the loop acquires a lighter shade, becomes almost transparent, the loop becomes softer, but remains swollen and increased in volume.
The third phase of the cycle is diestrus (metestrus). It lasts approximately 60 days. During this period, the discharge stops, the puffiness of the loop subsides, and it acquires its usual color and size. At this time, the onset of falsehood is possible. Usually, this condition is manifested by swelling of the mammary glands and secretion from them (it can be transparent or whitish, like milk; if the secret becomes brown, this may be a sign of mastitis, in which case it is recommended to consult a doctor). The dog may be more lethargic, apathetic, refuse to eat. Sometimes the animal begins to look for a place, as if preparing for childbirth, digging a bedding, and carrying toys. If you notice these symptoms, it is recommended to contact your veterinarian.
The next phase of the cycle is anestrus. This is the period of sexual rest, which lasts until the next heat begins, and can last from 4 to 6 months.
With age, the period between estrus may increase. Symptoms of estrus in older dogs may be less severe, but this does not rule out the possibility of pregnancy.
There is also such a thing as split heat. The animal has symptoms characteristic of the first phase. spotting, swelling of the vulva, and so on, but after a few days these signs disappear and resume after a few weeks. Owners may think the animal has been in heat two times in a row. For a young animal up to two years old, this is a variant of the norm; at an older age, this may be a sign of a malfunction of the ovaries. In this case, it is better to consult a specialist.
Some animals experience so-called latent estrus. At the same time, the dog has no or mild symptoms of estrus, such as swelling of the vulva, spotting, attractiveness to males. At the same time, the ovaries are functioning normally and ovulation also occurs. Therefore, if you are planning to breed a dog, it is better to focus not on the external signs of estrus, but on the test results.
At what age does the first heat start
The first heat begins between 6 and 18 months of age. This can depend on the breed and size of the dog. Small breed dogs tend to be in heat earlier, at the age of 6-9 months. In dogs of medium and large breeds. closer to a year, and sometimes after a year. If your dog is not in estrus until 1.5 years old, do not be afraid, this is also a variant of the norm, in some dogs the first estrus begins closer to 2 years old. If estrus has not begun even after this time, you should contact your veterinarian. Perhaps the animal has some kind of hormonal disorders or pathology in the development of the organs of the reproductive system. In this case, it is worth contacting a fertility specialist.
How to get rid of male attention during estrus
Of course, the most effective and efficient way is to neuter the dog. After the operation, heat stops as the uterus and ovaries are removed.
If this option is unacceptable for the owners, or it is a breeding animal, there are various sprays that mask or eliminate the odor during estrus. The animal must be treated several times a day before each walk. It is recommended to start treatment a few days before the expected date of onset of estrus. Treat the area of the croup, tail, inner thighs of the dog. Avoid contact with the spray directly on the mucous membranes. Also, some manufacturers recommend processing the owner’s clothes, as they may retain odor.