Where and how to properly feed red-eared turtles?
Proper feeding is the key to success when keeping freshwater turtles. The food must be fresh and of high quality. Not cold! Removed from the refrigerator, it must be kept for some time at room temperature before giving.
In fact, red-eared turtles take food in the water, although after that they sometimes crawl out to eat on the shore. And it would be nice to gradually teach them to constantly take food on the shore, since in the water, food, especially of animal origin, deteriorates very quickly, and the water of the aquaterrarium is quickly polluted.
So it is necessary for their own (and their) good to accustom them to feeding first at the water’s edge near the sloping coast. Then start putting the food in a shallow saucer with a little water. Then, accordingly, move the saucer a little, gradually farther and farther from the water In general, you figured out how to gradually carry out this training!
Some owners of turtles, in order not to pollute and not often change the water in the aquarium, use the following technique when feeding the animal: they take the turtles out of their permanent residence and place them in a wide basin or a small aquarium, very slightly filled with clean, settled water at the temperature usual for animals. Having fed them in this “restaurant”, they send their satiated and “ripe” customers home.
If you still feed your wards in their own aquarium, then never give food (especially fatty. pork, capelin) in excess, and if the turtles have not eaten it in half an hour, then remove the food from the terrarium and throw it away. Such food can no longer be reused.
It should also be borne in mind that fatty foods not only pollute the water in the aquarium, but also spoil the biofilter.
Young turtles need to be fed every day, and adults (after two years old). every two to three days. And those, and others. abundantly, tk. “Krasnushki” are born gluttons, this is normal for them.
Among amateur owners of freshwater turtles, a very common recipe for food that you can cook for future use yourself. It is a food mixture based on edible gelatin or agar-agar. It is convenient and beneficial because it is inexpensive, nutritious and can be stored in the refrigerator for a long time. And also a wide variety of vitamin and mineral supplements can be easily included in it.
- The mixture includes: carrots. 70 g, cabbage. 50 g, apples. 50 g, fish fillets. 145 g, squid fillets. 100 g, raw egg. 2 pcs., Milk. 150 ml, Tetravit. 20 drops. calcium glycerophosphate. 10 tablets, gelatin. 30 g and water. 150 ml.
Carrots, cabbage, apples, fish fillets and squid are minced. Gelatin is poured with warm water. 150 ml per 30 g, after swelling it is brought to complete dissolution on a steam bath.
Chopped solid food in a meat grinder, fill it with a prepared hot (80 ° C) solution of gelatin and beaten eggs with milk.
The mixture is thoroughly mixed. 20 drops of “Tetravit” or other vitamins, as well as crushed tablets of glycerophosphate, are added to the mass cooled to 30 ° C. After adding the last ingredients, the mixture is stirred again and placed in the refrigerator.
This food can be kept in the refrigerator for up to a week. Before feeding, the food is cut into cubes, warmed to room temperature and fed.
Medicines can be added to the feed as needed. Agar agar can be used instead of gelatin. In this case, the resulting feed will be more solid and melt more slowly in warm water.
Here, as you can see, it turns out that there are many recipes and instructions for proper feeding and maintenance of such seemingly not picky animals like red-eared turtles.
Red-eared turtle. what to feed?
Correct knowledge of what to feed the red-eared turtle is the guarantor of success in breeding and keeping representatives of this species. Only fresh and high quality food is required. It should be thawed at room temperature.
In nature, red-eared turtles capture food in the water, after which they often crawl out to feast on it on the shore. It would be just great to accustom your pet to such a ritual, since due to the frequent ingress of various animal feed into the water of the aquaterrarium, it becomes extremely quickly polluted. If there is no time to learn how to feed the little red-eared turtles, you can simply transplant them into another container at lunchtime, and then return home again. If you still overcome laziness, then you should not give an extra amount of fatty foods like pork or capelin. If after half an hour it remains unclaimed, collect the excess and dispose of it. They are no longer suitable for food, but they are quite capable of clogging up the biofilter or creating mustiness.
How many times to feed the red-eared turtle?
This is the most common question among people who are just starting to breed this type of pets. Young individuals who have not reached the age of 2 years are fed once a day. But adult turtles should be plentifully regaled once every few days. Do not be afraid of excessive gluttony, this is inherent in red-eared turtles.
What can you feed a red-eared turtle?
Also a very relevant and popular question. what to feed the turtle? You can safely offer them such types of food as:
- factory feed;
- bloodworms, worms, chopped pork or veal heart, minced meat, pieces of liver;
- small fish;
- vegetable feed in the form of beet, dandelion or carrot leaves;
- duckweed, snails;
- sunflower seeds, beans, fruits and vegetables;
- an important nuance of how to properly feed a red-eared turtle is giving them the opportunity to grind the horny plates of the jaws on the branches of the apple tree;
- shrimp, mussels, squid;
- marine fish.
In any case, if seafood and seafood are present in the diet, they should be boiled and removed from the bones.
Also, there is often a problem regarding what kind of meat to feed the red-eared turtle. You can give beef, poultry, horse meat, pork and lamb. This type of food should be offered as little as possible, since the abuse of animal feed can lead to rickets.
Do I need to install a drinking bowl for the turtle?
When arranging a terrarium, many owners install a special drinker there. This is done in order to provide the animal with water. However, there is no need for a drinking bowl: it has already been said above that it is difficult for turtles to drink, since water is poured out of their mouths. Often, the owners begin to think that this is a symptom of some dangerous disease, and they take the turtle to the veterinarian. Do not worry: the fact is that turtles (and many other reptiles) drink not like cats or dogs, but by absorbing moisture while swimming or eating juicy fruits and vegetables. For this reason, the turtle does not need to install a drinking bowl: sometimes water even irritates the animal and interferes with it.
How to water your turtle?
Owners of land turtles may have a question: how to water the pet so that it does not suffer from a lack of moisture? The answer is pretty simple. Reptiles receive the bulk of their water with juicy food. Therefore, it is important that a plant-based diet is present in the turtle’s diet. For example, fresh cabbage or lettuce leaves can not only saturate the turtle, but also allow it to get the moisture it needs for normal life. You can feed your turtle with young dandelion leaves or clover. If you take care that the turtle always has enough juicy fresh food, the animal will be reliably insured against dehydration.
Another way to keep your turtle hydrated is to put it in a tank of water. During water procedures, the animal will absorb a sufficient amount of moisture through the skin.
How do land turtles drink?
Despite the fact that biologists have been observing the life of land turtles in natural conditions for many years, an exact answer to the question of how these animals drink has not been received. Some species of turtles can do without water at all, while others regularly drink from various bodies of water.
The structure of the turtle’s head is such that it is quite difficult for her to drink: water simply flows out through the nostrils or flows down the animal’s neck. Therefore, most experts believe that the necessary moisture for turtles is obtained from food or through the skin during water procedures. The turtle will only drink water from a special drinking bowl if it is dehydrated: in this case, the animal tries in any way to replenish the lack of fluid.
Do I need to water a land turtle?
Many people who have become owners of land turtles and have studied all the subtleties and nuances of caring for these animals, doubt whether they need to water their pet and how to do it. Unfortunately, there are not so many competent advice on this topic on the Internet, and there is a high risk of harming the turtle by following the recommendations of non-professionals. Therefore, if you are in doubt whether it is worth giving water to a land turtle, carefully study this article.
How to bathe your turtle so that it does not lack moisture?
Bathing the turtle is not done in order to give the pet the opportunity to get the right amount of fluid, but also for hygienic purposes. At the same time, it is important to follow some simple rules that will make it possible to achieve both of these goals.
Let’s list the basic rules for bathing a land turtle:
- it is necessary to bathe the animal a couple of times a week. At the same time, you do not need to wash your turtle with soap more than once a week. If your pet’s diet contains the right amount of fresh juicy food, it is enough to bathe for watering once every two weeks. However, this will not allow you to keep the turtle clean, and two baths a week will allow you to water the animal and bathe it;
- carefully monitor the volume of water and its temperature. Turtles are cold-blooded animals, and their level of activity is in direct proportion to the ambient temperature. For bathing, you should take water, the temperature of which reaches 30-35 degrees Celsius. At the same time, too much water is not needed: the liquid level should be up to 2/3 of the animal’s height. This will allow the turtle to feel comfortable while swimming and to absorb the required amount of water through the skin;
- Do not be alarmed if your turtle defecates during water treatment: this is a common behavior for reptiles. True, in this case, it is worth immediately replacing the water, since the pet is unlikely to benefit from being in a contaminated liquid;
- the turtle should be bathed for approximately 40 minutes.
If you follow these simple rules, your pet will not lack water.
If you properly care for the land turtle and regularly feed it juicy food, as well as arrange water procedures, your pet will delight you for many years: some turtles are able to live up to thirty years of age or even step over this impressive milestone.
What to feed
Under natural conditions, red-eared fish mainly feed on crustaceans, fry, small fish, as well as insects and snails. The reptile also needs plant foods.
At home, she can be fed with various types of commercial food. It is important that the pet’s diet is varied, therefore, it should be added to the diet and natural food. It is worth noting that this species of turtles needs to be fed with water, as they are not able to produce saliva on their own.
How many times a day to feed the turtle in the aquarium
The red-eared turtle is the most common species of domesticated turtles. This reptile is of medium size, interesting color and has a fairly high level of intelligence. In mind, she surpasses many other species of her own kind.
How much and how often to feed the red-eared turtle?
It is difficult to answer both of these questions unequivocally: it all depends on the size of the pet, age, as well as the food that the reptile eats. To begin with, consider young turtles, that is, up to a year old. It is worth feeding them every day with commercial food. However, it is necessary to give vegetable food: vegetables, herbs, fruits, even if the pet at first will refuse.
It is worth trying to feed the turtle with bloodworms, you can begin to introduce aquatic crustaceans into the diet. The amount of food for young turtles also differs from the amount for older representatives of this species. They should get about fifty percent (50%) of the protein in their food daily. Therefore, feeding artificial food alone will not be enough.
To cover such a lack of nutrition, the reptile owner needs to add turtles to the menu. fish such as guppies, if possible, earthworms and insects. Some experts assure that already at such a young age, your pet can happily eat boiled meat or minced meat. However, this food should be introduced into the diet gradually.
Since the food may vary, you need to carefully select the brand specifically for your pet. Namely: according to his age and size. It is important to know that young representatives of this type of reptile need additional feeding with vitamins, about this it is worth consulting with the breeder or veterinarian.
Only with proper feeding can red-eared turtles grow and develop normally.
For adult red-eared turtles (over a year old), the percentage of artificial food in the diet should be at least ten (10%) and no more than twenty-five (25%).
It is worth gradually adding vegetable food (for turtles older than a year, these are lettuce, dandelion leaves, cabbage and pieces of fresh cucumber). All this must be given, even if the pet refuses at first. You can and even need to give the turtle boiled or raw chicken or beef.
Some experts suggest giving a red-eared turtle. raw meat of lean fish, but pre-cooked (about a minute) in boiling water. Small aquarium fish can be given both crushed and live, however, it is worth commencing the size of the live bait with the size of the turtle.
A reptile that is one to two years old should be fed every other day. And an older pet, starting from the age of two, needs to be fed every two or even three days. But this, again, also depends on the individual characteristics of the reptile.
The turtle, which has reached the age of three years, begins to feed on algae more and more. To make the aquarium look aesthetically pleasing, aquatic plants should be grown in a place separate from the reptile.
It is important not to overfeed your pet, but at the same time not to leave without the vitamins it needs. Any food for reptiles must be of high quality and fresh. Frozen food should be defrosted and warmed up to room temperature.
Food for turtles of all ages should be thrown directly into the water, however, it is important to correctly calculate the amount of food, otherwise the half-eaten food will rot in the water, after which it will need to be changed.
You should feed the reptile during daylight hours, as they are active during the day. With the correct calculation of the age, size, characteristics of the red-eared turtle and the selection of food, the owner will have a healthy and happy pet.
How to properly feed your fish with frozen food? Before answering this question, you need to know that
This is one of the few species of turtles found in Europe. It is the Mediterranean turtles (sometimes they are called Greek or Caucasian) more often
What fish can survive without oxygen and filtration? No living creature is capable of living without
How many times a day should a red-eared turtle be fed
For the correct keeping of the water turtle at home, the diet is of great importance. The peculiarity of these suppressors is excellent appetite, which often becomes the cause of overeating and the subsequent development of serious diseases. Therefore, it is important not only to find the right food for your pet, but also to establish an accurate meal schedule.
Tortoise Daily Care Routine | Feeding Time
How many times a day to feed the cubs
Adequate nutrition is especially important for small individuals going through a phase of rapid growth. With each portion of food, they should receive proteins, trace elements and vitamins necessary for survival and proper development. Because of the high metabolic rate, the young eat very often. It is recommended to feed individuals up to 1 year old every day, at least 1-2 times a day.
Feeding your red-eared turtle too often in its first year of life can have serious health consequences:
- indigestion. the pet may regurgitate food, undigested pieces can be seen in the feces; inability to digest protein food can lead to its decay in the digestive tract, death of the baby;
- obesity. the body quickly grows due to excess weight, the shell becomes larger in volume, the reason is usually the frequent consumption of fatty fish;
- disproportionate development. the shell becomes too bulky, deformed due to rapid growth, takes a pyramidal shape.
Deformation of the carapace
Overeating leads to liver and gastrointestinal disease, which can become chronic and significantly shorten the life of the pet. Too rare feeding is also dangerous. if the turtle regularly refuses to eat, this can lead to exhaustion, developmental disorders.
The amount of food for a single feeding must be calculated empirically. the pet must eat it in half an hour.
The right way to feed your (baby) aquatic turtle!
Leftover food must be removed completely to avoid contaminating the water. It is recommended to use a special jug that is easy to clean for the feeding procedure. It will be easier for the little turtle to collect all the pieces of food in a shallow container, this will also teach it not to beg for food when in the main terrarium. After the meal, the animal must be transplanted under the lamp.
How to feed adults
Owners often do not know how many times a week to feed a large red-eared turtle to avoid overeating. During the first 2-4 years of life, the young individual is actively gaining weight and increasing in size. If a high temperature is maintained in the aquarium, many pets do not lose their appetite at all and actively beg for food, noisily splashing water, and sometimes moving their island.
Other animals, as they get older, begin to refuse food more often. This is also a variant of the norm. the metabolism slows down over time. Most veterinarians agree that the average feeding frequency for an adult water turtle is at least 2-3 times a week. If the pet eats less often, the possible cause may be the development of the disease, so it is better to show it to the doctor.
The amount of food is calculated individually, depending on the activity of the pet, its size, and the season. It is necessary to carefully monitor how the turtle eats in order to calculate its optimal one-time rate. In the summer, the pet may ask for food more often due to the increase in daylight hours, increased activity, so you can increase the portions. Sea turtles require both protein and plant-based foods, so extra meals are best reserved for fresh greens.
IMPORTANT: It is necessary to feed the red-eared and sea turtles only in the morning or during the day, as they sleep at night and the metabolic process slows down. If you feed an aquatic turtle at night, food may remain undigested, begin to ferment, and rot in the intestines.
The puppy needs a special diet that changes as he grows up. He grows 12 times faster than a child.
In the first 3-4 weeks, babies feed on mother’s milk, and there is no need to follow the diet. Dog’s milk is richer in fat and protein than cow’s milk:
- dog milk: proteins 8.1%, fats 9.8%;
- cow: proteins 3.3%, fat 3.8%.
Starting from 1 month, babies are given complementary foods. food granules soaked with water. At the age of 8 weeks, (about 2 months), weaning from mother’s milk occurs, at the same time the pet switches to the intended diet.
Number of feedings for puppies under 1 year old:
|Puppy age||Feeding schedule|
|up to 1 month||They feed on breast milk on request in any quantity|
|from 1 to 2 months||They accustom to solid food, 5-6 times a day after 3-4 hours, large breeds. 4 times|
|from 3 to 4 months||4 times every 4 hours (1 in the morning, 2 times in the afternoon, 1 in the evening)|
|from 5 to 6 months||3-4 times (1 feeding is gradually removed)|
|from 7 to 10 months||3 times|
|11-12 months||2 times in the morning and in the evening|
As long as the puppy is small, the night break between feedings should be minimal. In the morning, they feed for the first time at 6-8 in the morning, and in the evening between 19-22 hours. As a rule, the baby is taken from the mother at 2-3 months. Therefore, a 2-month-old puppy needs to be fed the last time at 22 pm, and in the morning at 6 am. General rule of thumb: the older the baby, the less frequent his meals.
If the puppy is not ready to cancel 1 feed intake, and by all means shows that he wants more, there is no need to cancel complementary foods. Usually he himself begins to ignore one of the dinners, this will be the signal to cancel the portion.
At the age of 1 year, the pet is considered an adult, therefore, it should eat like adults. 1-2 times a day.
When feeding with natural products, the calculation of the daily food intake is calculated by the formula:
Up to 6 months. 5-7% by weight, of which ½ meat, ½ dairy products, vegetables, cereals. A puppy weighing 10 kg should eat 350 g of meat and offal per day, 350 g of additional products. If the dog missed 1 lunch, you do not need to add an additive to the next feeding, otherwise overeating is possible. For puppies of large breeds, the daily allowance is divided into small portions: too fast weight gain provokes the risk of problems of the musculoskeletal system.
How many times a day should the dog be fed
The features of the dog’s body have long been known, so there is no disagreement on the question of how many times a day to feed the dog among veterinarians.
A healthy adult dog should eat 1-2 times a day.
Feeding an adult dog
Pets over 1 year old are fed 1-2 times a day, depending on the size. For large animals, it is better to divide food into 2 servings, for medium and small animals. 1 intake is enough.
The amount of food consumed per day depends on the weight of the animal. On the packaging of dry food, manufacturers, as a rule, indicate the exact daily dosage.
But how much food to give if you feed your pet natural food?
Large individuals need about 1 kg of food per day, medium-sized ones. To calculate the daily rate, you need to multiply 1 kg of weight by 3.5%. For example, if a dog weighs 20 kg, then he needs 700 g of natural food per day. The animal should not be given sweets, fed with fruits, except for unsweetened apples, tubular bones. Only mushy soft food is suitable, special hard biscuits, dog biscuits are useful from treats for teeth.
If the ward eats quickly and licks the bowl with appetite, it will not be harmful for him to have dinner more than 2 times a day. It is important not to increase the daily allowance, but to divide it into 4 doses instead of 2. In addition, when calculating the daily allowance, it should be borne in mind that you feed the animal with treats during training.
What should be avoided is haphazard, on-demand feeding when the animal has a consistently full bowl of food. In this case, due to physiology, the dog sometimes cannot comply with the norms, and, therefore, receives a whole set of diseases due to overeating.
Rates and times of meals
A domestic dog, like a wolf, is capable of absorbing 1/5 of its own weight for 1 meal. A dog’s stomach can stretch significantly. But a domestic dog does not live like a wolf, which feeds for future use, until the next prey. Therefore, the owner must monitor the diet and calorie content of the lunch consumed, since all dogs eat quickly, not noticing the filling of the stomach. According to veterinary statistics, about 20% of domestic dogs aged 1-4 years are overweight.
When the animal grows old, it is fed with the same portions in the same regimen, only the calorie content of the diet is reduced. Large individuals need more food to be satiated, but to prevent obesity, they also intentionally reduce the calorie content of portions.
An important condition: there should always be fresh water in direct access near the feed bowl around the clock. If the dog is young or is forced to work hard, exercise, the amount of feed is accordingly increased. This applies to service dogs, hunting, riding breeds.
It is better to give food according to the regimen at certain hours, or according to the schedule established by the veterinarian in individual cases. As a rule, pets are fed in the morning 7-8 in the morning, and in the evening, 19-20 hours.
Nutrition for a pregnant dog
A pregnant and lactating animal should eat in increased portions at a set time. The frequency of feeding is also increased: about 5 times a day. The first 3 weeks of pregnancy do not change the diet of a pregnant bitch. Starting from 4 weeks, the feed volumes increase by 15% of the daily requirement: mainly due to protein supplements of animal origin. Puppies grow intensively in the womb, so the diet of a pregnant woman is supplemented with vitamin supplements. Before the onset of labor, the pregnant woman eats 50-60% more than the usual daily dose. It is important not to overfeed the animal as this will lead to obesity. 2 days before giving birth, the pet may refuse to feed, you should not rape the animal. Appetite is restored 2-3 days after childbirth.
How to tell if your dog has enough food
Dogs love to eat, eat quickly, and slowly get satiated. Normally, the pet should quickly eat what was offered, lick the bowl and, looking a little offended at the owner, calmly go back to the place. If he leaves food in a bowl, refuses an additional treat between meals, then the portion can be reduced.
When the pet begins to look around the feeding place with a hungry look, look the owner in the eyes, and at night rattle bowls in the kitchen: the portion should be increased.
It is possible to determine whether a four-legged friend is well-fed by probing his ribs in a sitting position. Normally, they are palpable, do not stick out or hide under a layer of fat.
The puppy must not be fed at the same time as the owners. Food means a lot in the life of an animal. The owner should be the authority, the leader, and the leader, as a rule, dines first. With regular feeding during family meals, the dog is subsequently able to take food out of the hands of diners. It happened that animals snatched food from children: these were those to whom the owners threw pieces from the table. The dog is known to protect its food during a meal: it growls, driving away everyone. Therefore, the four-legged friend should be fed after the whole family has eaten and the children should not be allowed near it at that time. Raise the puppy, feed him correctly, and then he will delight you with health, cheerfulness and well-mannered behavior.
How many times a day should a land turtle be fed
At home, you need to feed a land turtle from 1-2 times a day to 2-3 times a week. Feeding frequency and portion sizes depend on the age of the animal: young turtles consume a lot of food every day, and adults can do without it for several days in a row.
Basically, land turtles, unlike freshwater ones, feed on plant foods (vegetables, fruits, dandelions, clover, weeds). Also, a little fortified supplements should be introduced into the diet. As a result, an example menu should look like this:
- 75% fresh herbs, including vegetables;
- 15% fruits, berries, vegetables;
- 5% additives (porridge);
- 5% supplements (vitamins).
The frequency depends on the age of the animal and the season:
- In summer, all turtles eat more often than in winter: in the warm period, every day or in the “day after day” mode, and in winter only 2-3 times a week or less often.
- Young individuals (up to 3 years old inclusive) eat 1 serving every day.
- Adult pets eat 1 serving 2-3 days a week, i.e. about “day after day” or a little less often.
- When the turtle has reached 12 cm in length, it should be fed twice a week or less. Such an individual is already moving rather slowly, so overfeeding will definitely lead to obesity.
Too often, a land turtle should not be fed as it leads to overfeeding. In addition, food debris contaminates the soil and walls of the aquarium. As a result, the animal can contaminate the skin, mouth or eyes with food rotting products.
The turtle should eat a lot of food, but it is absolutely impossible to overfeed it. This leads to metabolic disorders and the development of various diseases. The serving size is determined individually: the volume should be the same that the animal eats in half an hour. Another criterion is that a portion by volume should correspond to about half of the shell. If after this time there is still food left, it will be correct to remove it from the aquarium.
When owners feed their pet, they should carefully monitor how often and how much it eats. There are times when the animal eats the usual volume in just a few minutes and starts looking for food again. In this case, you can add a little write, but not turn it into a system. You can also try to put a drinker with water: there is a possibility that the body is dehydrated and is looking not so much for food as for the moisture it contains.
Sample menu and additional components
The menu for the pet should be prepared in advance, so that later you do not worry about the lack of certain products in the diet.
- Every two to three days, 50 g of green stems are given.
- Beet slices should be given. No more than 30 g per day.
- 30 g cabbage leaves once every 1-2 days.
- Boiled potatoes in the amount of 30 g per day.
- Proteins enter the body of the turtle through the consumption of bloodworms, worms, and lean meat pieces. They should be no more than 5 g per day.
- White loaf. 20 g per day.
- Vitamin supplements such as fish oil. They should be no more than 1 g per day.
- Porridge. semolina, buckwheat, cottage cheese. Do not give more than 1 time per week.
Types of land turtles
The most popular types of land reptiles kept in people’s homes among owners are:
- Central Asian (steppe).
- Mediterranean (Greek).
- Leopard (panther).
- Elephant (Galapagos).
- Star (Indian).
- Toothed (yellow-footed).
- Red-headed flat turtle.
- Radiant turtle.
How to feed a land turtle at home
According to the food ration, three groups of turtles are divided. predators, omnivores and herbivores. Each of these reptiles has its own specific diet and list of foods to consume. Therefore, when buying a land individual, you need to find out which food group it belongs to.
Omnivorous: Balkan, Mediterranean, musky, flat.
Herbivores: stellate (Indian), Central Asian, Egyptian, elephant (Galapagos), toothed (yellow-footed), red-headed, radiant.
For example, when buying a common Central Asian turtle, it should only be fed with herbs, vegetables and fruits, because this species is a herbivore.
There are contraindicated foods in the daily diet of reptiles. This list of foods causes them various diseases, such as liver disease. Careful selection of food should be made when formulating a feeding ration.
List of foods that should not be fed to turtles:
- Certain insects (eg, crickets, grasshoppers, cockroaches).
- Certain plants (onions, garlic).
- Fried, smoked food and other human food.
- Certain indoor plants (eg, ambulia, azalea, dieffenbachia).
- Dairy products.
- Certain herbs (eg, spinach, spices).
- Feed intended for other species of animals.
- Peeled lemon, orange, tangerine.
- Uncooked potatoes.
Also, do not feed the land turtle the same food every day. The animal’s nutrition should include all the necessary trace elements and substances, vitamins, calcium.
At home, land turtles feel the change of winter and summer seasons. The daily diet also changes throughout the year. In summer, the reptile consumes an abundance of juicy fruits and berries. With the onset of winter, the meager food of land turtles is more familiar to the body. Therefore, in the cold season, the diet consists of soaked hay and grain. Fruits and roots should be less juicy.
How to feed
There are certain rules in the process of feeding a land reptile.
- Do not feed your pet often. Young animals are fed once a day during the day. Feeding in the evening is allowed, but always 3-4 hours before bedtime. Pets over 2-3 years old are transferred to a rarer diet. once every two days.
- You need to feed the animals at the same time. Then the body will get used to this regime and will secrete gastric juice in abundance. It promotes better food digestion.
- Food should be served in small portions. These animals are not prone to overeating, so the owner himself adjusts the pet’s nutrition. For example, if after eating the turtle has pieces of uneaten food, then you should give less.
- Stress will negatively affect the turtle’s digestion. Do not disturb her, make harsh sounds.
- Do not hand feed the turtle.
Herbivorous reptile species consume food of plant origin. 70-80% of their diet consists of lettuce and dandelion leaves, cabbage leaves.
What do land turtles from the herbivore group eat additionally:
- Vegetable crops and root crops. These are fresh carrots, cucumbers, zucchini, tomatoes, an angle grinder pepper.
- Fruit fruits. bananas, apples, pears, peaches, oranges, tangerines.
- Berries. grapes, strawberries, currants, blueberries, watermelon.
- Mushrooms. Champignons are well digested.
- Forbs. coltsfoot, lawn grasses, sorrel, plantain, peas.
- Land turtle eats bran supplements, yeast, sunflower seeds.
- Food for land turtles.
These reptiles do not need a daily intake of water. Reptiles get the necessary liquid by consuming juicy food. greens, vegetables and fruits.
They have the ability to absorb just the right amount of water through the pores of the skin. It will be enough to put a water tank in the terrarium 1-2 times every week for 15 minutes. The water level should not be too high, about half of the shell. The head is located above the surface of the water. The reptile will not be thirsty. The water balance in the body will be at a stable level.
How to bathe a land turtle
In addition to replenishing fluid, bathing is also required for hygiene purposes. Bathe your turtle twice a week for 40 minutes. If the diet of a land turtle has enough fresh, juicy food, then to replenish fluid in the body, it is enough to bathe the turtle once every 2 weeks.
The temperature of the bathing water should be in the range of 30-35 degrees, there should be a little liquid (up to 2/3 of the animal’s height). This will allow the land turtle to feel comfortable while swimming and replenish the missing fluid in the body.
Do I need to water the land turtle
In addition to the question about the nutrition of land turtles, pet owners are wondering whether it is necessary to water the land turtles and how they drink. Despite long-term observations of turtles, the exact answer has not yet been given. how do turtles drink and whether they need water. Some turtles are able to do without water, while others quench their thirst from bodies of water.
Due to the structure of the turtle’s head, it experiences inconvenience when trying to drink water. liquid flows out of the nostrils or flows down the animal’s neck. For this reason, many experts agree that turtles do not need an additional source of fluid, getting the necessary moisture from food or during water procedures.
At home, a land turtle will drink water from a drinking bowl if it becomes dehydrated. in this situation, it will try with all its might to replenish the lack of fluid in the body. But it is better not to bring the animal to such a situation, but to give juicy food in a timely manner and carry out regular bathing (we will tell you more about food and bathing below).
How to properly water your turtle
As mentioned above, land turtles take the bulk of the liquid from the feed, therefore, more juicy fruits, vegetables, herbs (cucumber, lettuce, cabbage.) Should be included in the animal’s diet, which can not only saturate the turtle, but also replenish the moisture necessary for life In addition, you can give the animal dandelions and clover. If the diet contains enough of the food items listed above, the turtle will not need additional liquid.
Also, to replenish fluid, the turtle can be placed in a container of water (a small amount), so it can replenish the necessary moisture through the skin.
How to feed a land turtle at home
Turtles are classified as omnivores. What does a house turtle eat? It is advisable to include in the diet not only plant foods. Twice a week should be given to the turtle kept at home, snails, crickets, worms. Your pet will happily eat fresh fruits, vegetables and berries: melons, apples, tomatoes, carrots, broccoli. Always balance your turtle’s diet. Some of them prefer sweet fruits, which should be alternated with other foods to keep their diet full of nutrients and minerals. Leafy greens are a great addition to this animal’s diet.
Among the favorite treats of turtles are:
- small fish;
Feed your pet turtles plant-based foods:
- clover and dandelions;
- parsley and lettuce;
- carrots and cabbage;
- raspberries and grapes;
- apricots and plums;
- bananas, apples, oranges.
By using these delicious foods in your pet’s nutrition, you can provide the ideal pet food for your home.
Do not forget that the turtle needs to be fed with dry food (seaweed, seeds, mushrooms, bran, dry yeast, etc.)
A balanced diet is the key to the health and longevity of your pet.
What to feed a land turtle
Land turtles can be useful and fun pets. When settling a turtle in your house, you need to create ideal conditions for a healthy lifestyle for it, because these reptiles need both indoors and outdoors. Of no small importance for the long life of your pet is the indicator of how to feed a land turtle at home. These reptiles can live for 30 years or more, therefore, by purchasing them, you get a pet for many years.
Turtle feeding time
The domestic land tortoise is fairly adaptable to living in its new environment, but not so quickly getting used to food intake and feeding schedule. In the wild, they eat in the morning, especially during or after rain, when earthworms and slugs appear. For best results and a great stay in a homey atmosphere, feed your turtle well in the morning.
Because turtles sense changes in atmospheric pressure, accompanied by weather disturbances, the land turtle may refuse to eat on dry sunny days.
In order for your reptile pet to be healthy, happy, strong and live a long time, you should choose the right diet and clearly know how many times a day to feed it.
Eating is a favorite pastime for turtles. The menu should be scheduled for each day to ensure balance and rationality. It should include the required amount of vitamin supplements and amino acids. Nutritional adjustments are made while observing the turtles’ food intake.
Turtles usually do not need to be fed daily, but their nutrition can vary depending on the season and age.
Juvenile turtles do not need the most frequent feeding. They need vitamin and calcium supplements about three times a week. They tend to be most active in the morning and afternoon, so this is the best time to feed.
Turtles up to 7 years old are considered young, but if your turtle is over three years old, starts to eat less or once every few days, you should consult your veterinarian to determine the cause of this condition. The doctor will also tell you how to feed a land turtle at home in this case.
Mature domestic turtles can only be fed every third day. Stale food will decay, causing an unpleasant odor as well as creating an unhealthy environment for your turtle, so any food that has not been eaten should be removed from its habitat.
Feeding little turtles
Young turtles are small creatures that require special care and healthy nutrition, as they can be exposed to many diseases and be affected by all kinds of pathogenic microbes.
How to properly feed small pets?
- It is imperative to combine fresh leafy vegetables with fruits.
- Food needs to be cut into tiny pieces as turtles have no teeth.
- You need to feed your baby turtle two or three times a day.
- Use vitamin supplements, especially vitamin D, which has a beneficial effect on shell development.
- Keep baby turtles exposed to sunlight often to ensure that natural vitamin D is available.
Supplementary feeding of juvenile turtles promotes their growth, and not an increase in body fat. Little turtles can become fat if fed with fatty foods such as mealworms and foods that are deficient in vitamins and minerals. A variety of diets ensures good growth and health of the land turtle.
What to feed a domestic land turtle
It is allowed to feed the turtles with vegetables, fruits, berries. You can feed land turtles with field grasses and houseplants: aloe, tradescantia, pea stalks and leaves, despair, chinay, alfalfa, rhubarb, clover, lawn grass, sprouted oats, plantain, barley, vetch, timothy mother, thistle, thistle. sorrel.
From vegetables, you can give turtles carrots, zucchini, peppers, eggplants, beans, pumpkin, some horseradish, radishes, artichoke, beets and some cucumbers.
It is allowed to feed the turtles with a variety of fruits: apricots, apples, peaches, plums, bananas, mangoes, tangerines, oranges. Of the berries, you can offer the turtle raspberries, strawberries, blueberries, blueberries, strawberries, blackberries, watermelon. As an additional complementary food, you can give the turtle edible mushrooms: champignons, boletus mushrooms, russula. Dry commercial turtle food, dry seaweed, young sunflower seeds, bran, and soybean meal are also good additives.
How many times to feed a land turtle
Carrots, apples, tomatoes, zucchini can be fed to the land turtle every day. Several times a week, it is permissible to give your pet cabbage, radishes, plums, radishes, melons, peaches, watermelons, strawberries, mushrooms, mangoes, celery, blackberries, raspberries and parsley leaves. In addition, if your turtle is completely on natural food, you should give it dry food no more than once a week as complementary food. But dry seaweed, spicy herbs, horseradish, bran, dry yeast, garlic, onion, rhubarb and asparagus are recommended to be given to the turtle 1-2 times a month. Add minced meat or seafood once a week to your turtle’s feed.
What to feed a land turtle
Land turtles are among the most unpretentious animals. It is very convenient to keep them at home. Turtles do not eat much and do not require much maintenance. All land turtles are omnivorous reptiles. over, the diet of a land turtle should consist of animal food (10%) and plant food (90%). It is forbidden to feed raw meat to land turtles, as it can contain parasites and negatively affect the functioning of the turtle’s digestive system. It should also be remembered that it is permissible to give some products to the land turtle every day, while others. only a couple of times a month.
What you can’t feed your turtle
It is forbidden to give the turtle potatoes, eggshells (can cause salmonellosis), poisonous mushrooms, domestic cockroaches, crickets, grasshoppers and locusts.
It is quite obvious that poisonous plants (dieffenbachia, euphorbia, azalea, elodea, lagenander, ambulia) are also contraindicated for the turtle. Do not give your turtle loaves, milk, cereals, dry food for other pets, seeds of berries and fruits, citrus peels and raw meat.
How often should you feed your turtles?
Another question that often worries tortillas lovers: how many times a day to feed the turtle. Regardless of the type of your pet, you need to feed the turtle twice a day, at the same time. Determine when it is more convenient for you to feed your turtle in the morning and evening, and stick to that schedule.
This type of turtles includes aquatic, semi-aquatic, as well as certain subspecies of land reptiles, for example: marsh, prickly, red-eared, red-footed. For these pets, it is necessary to draw up a balanced menu that will include both plant and animal food in equal proportions.
It can be: algae, plants, vegetables, salads, fruits, chicken meat.
How to feed your turtle? We make the right diet
As we said in the previous article, turtles require special attention and proper care. We have already discussed the arrangement of the terrarium and aquaterrarium, and today we will talk about the nutrition of the turtles. What should be on your pet’s menu to make your turtle feel good? Let’s figure it out together.
Eating herbivorous turtles
A fairly large group of turtles are herbivores. These are all land turtles, as well as breeds such as: Mediterranean, Central Asian flat, radiant, Greek and others.
Of course, plant foods should prevail in the diet of such pets. Turtles will be happy to eat unsweetened vegetables and fruits, plants, berries.
80% of the diet can be salads, leaves and edible flowers. Offer your pet: clover, plantain, dandelions, alfalfa, lettuce, cucumbers, pumpkin, zucchini, apples.
The diet of these pets is 90% meat. Trionix turtles, aquatic and juvenile red-eared turtles, as well as marsh turtles belong to this species.
These pets should be offered lean fish, beef, chicken, fish liver. Adults can eat large pieces, for young turtles it is better to cut the meal smaller.
Turtle seafood is eaten raw, fish also does not need to be thermally processed.
Pork, beef, sausage, minced sausages, cheeses, a loaf, fruits and fatty fish are prohibited for predatory turtles. It is best to feed with ready-made dry food.
Common mistakes in turtle eating
It is very important for novice turtle owners not to go wrong with their pet’s diet. After all, the correct composition of nutrients is necessary for the animal to form a strong shell, as well as growth and activity. It is very important for the tortilla body to receive calcium and vitamins.
Prohibited foods: eggs, a loaf and milk, as well as beans, peas, white cabbage. Do not offer to your turtle: tomatoes, radishes, radishes, garlic, herbs, nuts, cherries.
Usually, turtles can go without food for quite some time. But if suddenly your pet refuses the offered food, it is best to show it to the veterinarian.
What to feed aquatic turtles
First of all, aquatic turtles need to be fed with animal food: bloodworms, earthworms and dry aquarium food. The latter include dry daphnia, feed from Wardley, Sera or others. Be sure to include dry gammarus (crustaceans) in the diet of aquatic turtles. Small and young turtles will have enough of this food.
Large aquatic turtles need to be fed with beef and chicken meat, both boiled and raw. This meat is best cut into turtle strips. Also feed your turtles raw fish once a week. If you feed the fish more often, soak the fish in boiling water for one minute before feeding. Please note that large aquatic turtles must be given insects: larvae, beetles and cockroaches.
Learn an important rule: food that has been trampled and not eaten by turtles must be removed from the aquarium immediately. Leave food in the aquarium for 30 minutes. Turtles will get used to this regime. Don’t overfeed your turtle, but don’t make it hungry either. When deciding how much to feed your turtle, consider the temperature of the water. At room temperature water should be fed to the turtle once a day. If the water is warmer, then 2 times a day.
What to feed land turtles
Land turtles mainly feed on plant foods. They need a lot of moisture in their food, vitamins and minerals. The base will be cabbage, lettuce and dandelion leaves. Give lettuce and dandelion in summer and cabbage in winter. Some turtles will happily eat dandelion buds.
Vegetable foods also include fruits and vegetables that turtles need to feed. Whole turtle carrots and beets are more likely to be skipped. Such tough vegetables will need to be cut into small pieces. But turtles love cucumbers and tomatoes! Cut the tomato in half and give to the turtle. Never feed your pets with spoiled vegetables. Feed your turtle a variety of berries, pears, peaches, apricots, plums and apples. If you give her a watermelon or melon, then wipe her mouth with a cotton swab dipped in water.
What else can you feed your turtle? Animal food should also be given to land turtles, but in smaller quantities. Boil a hard-boiled chicken egg, let it cool, cut in half. Add cottage cheese to the feed. Boil the fish before feeding the turtle. Sometimes include raw or boiled beef, chicken, or minced meat in your diet. Fresh bloodworms, earthworms, snails, immobilized grasshoppers, crickets. also excellent food for turtles. Please note that only garden turtles are allowed from snails (you cannot feed water snails!).
How much to feed land turtles? The frequency of feeding depends on the type of turtle as well as its age. Watch your turtle’s appetite and health. An adult turtle is fed once every 2 days, a young one. 1 per day. The point is, overfeeding your turtle can lead to obesity. There are times when a turtle is not even able to hide in its shell! If you have already decided to take a turtle, take care of it, take a closer look at its individual nutritional characteristics.
What to feed your turtle?
If you want to have a turtle in your home, you should know not only that they are terrestrial and aquatic. After all, the order of the turtle is subdivided into many more species, and it depends on how you care for the turtle, its feeding and.To learn how to feed a domestic turtle, you must learn as much as possible about it.
What to feed a red-eared turtle
- Young turtle need to be fed shrimp regularly. They contain a lot of calcium, which is necessary for turtles in the first 2.3 years of life. Red-eared turtles love shrimp.
- Once a week, our predators should be given beef liver and heart, as well as a couple of small fish in boiled form (excluding sprat, capelin and mackerel, this is a fatty fish for them), a little minced meat. But you cannot feed the turtle with meat too often, it develops rickets. Let there be more meat in your youth, and with age, transfer the red-eared turtle to plant food.
- What to feed the turtle besides this? They also eat vegetarian food: dandelion leaves, lettuce, cabbage, banana pieces, for example. Lettuce leaves must be included in the diet. If they do not have enough plant food, all the algae in the aquarium will be eaten. In general, turtles need to be fed on time, otherwise they will eat the fish that are in the same aquarium. But you still can’t overfeed.
- If you have already decided to have a red-eared turtle, you have taken responsibility, sometimes feed it with fly larvae, earthworms, caterpillars and snails.
- Turtles eat pelleted food with pleasure.
How and how much to feed your turtle? The first time we put food at the water’s edge so that the turtle gets used to it. Then you can feed the turtle already on the island, let the food lie in a saucer of water.