Freeing your puppy from the amniotic fluid
If the bitch does not do it herself, then the bubble should be quickly and carefully burst, then the mucus should be removed from the baby’s mouth and nose. When a baby is born in blood or mucus, it is necessary to immediately suck it out of the puppy’s respiratory tract using a syringe or pipette. This will allow oxygen to pass freely into the lungs.
As a rule, dogs cope on their own and without human help. Regardless of breed or size, the scenario is always the same. However, the owner must be present during childbirth in order to cheer and comfort the animal, as well as to prevent complications in time and call the veterinarian.
Separation of the placenta
After each puppy is born, the number of successions should be carefully monitored. It should exactly match the number of offspring. If there is even the slightest likelihood of incomplete discharge of the placenta, then consultation and examination by a veterinarian are required! Otherwise, the likelihood of inflammatory processes, the development of endometritis, etc. increases.
It is important! After the birth of each puppy, it is necessary to change the litter and avoid a situation where the dog lies on a wet and dirty place.
Otherwise, the likelihood of infection of the genital tract increases and the condition of the bitch worsens in the postpartum period.
Opening the birth canal
At this stage, the bitch builds up intraperitoneal pressure. Contractions are rare and almost painless. However, the animal experiences severe anxiety and its behavior becomes unusual.
The dog is worried, constantly changes his body position, gets up, lies down, can often ask to go outside, but immediately returns to the house. Many individuals try to retire in dark places, actively digging bedding. Vomiting, complete refusal of food, or increased appetite may appear. Obsessive attention to the owner is caused by discomfort and the dog seeks support and help from the owner.
In addition to changes in behavioral reactions in the pet, a number of physiological changes occur that can prompt the owner to approach labor.
- For 4-5 days, the stomach sags and seems to go down. This is due to the relaxation of the ligamentous apparatus necessary for the passage of the puppies through the birth canal and through the pelvic bones. It is important to understand that animals giving birth for the first time may not fully manifest this symptom.
- A decrease in body temperature also indicates the approach of a crucial moment. Normally, the temperature in animals is 38-39 degrees, and before childbirth, it drops to 37-37.5 in 8-12 hours.
- The animal is trembling, showing signs of chills.
- The onset of labor is also evidenced by the discharge of grayish-white mucus and softening of the loop.
How Long Are Dogs Pregnant Before They Give Birth?
It is important! normally, the duration of the first stage ranges from 2 to 24 hours. If after a day labor does not begin, then a specialist consultation is necessary.!
Description of the process by stages
Contractions begin first. At first they are invisible and very weak, but over time they become more frequent and stronger. The grasping period lasts on average 6-12 hours, it is easy to determine: the bitch breathes often, can whine and rush.
Then the first attempts take place. The bitch assumes a comfortable position for childbirth. The fetus at this time is already coming to the birth canal. At this moment, it is better not to interfere: the expectant mother will take the position herself and begin to push the puppy out.
Then a dark purple bubble appears. At this point, inexperienced owners begin to get scared and sound the alarm. In fact, there is nothing to be afraid of: it is from such a bubble that puppies appear. During the whole process, it becomes either larger or smaller until the bitch pushes it out completely.
Now the puppy itself appears. He is born in a shell, which the mother bites to give the baby air, and then gnaws through the umbilical cord. If this is the first pregnancy, then the newly-born mother sometimes does not pay attention to the baby. in this case, you need to take matters into your own hands and first get rid of the bladder, and then cut the umbilical cord.
Make sure that after each puppy his placenta comes out. Sometimes she comes out after the next baby. When it’s over, count the number of puppies and sequential. If something does not match, be sure to show the pet to the doctor. she will need to remove the unreleased placenta so that sepsis does not start.
After the baby is born, the mother will begin to look after him: lick off mucus and massage with her tongue to improve blood circulation. After that, he will find a nipple and drink milk. If the puppy has any problems, point him in the right direction or lay him near the nipple.
The course of pregnancy, preparation for childbirth
Let’s take a look at exactly how long it takes for a dog to give birth. Pregnancy, in dogs, lasts 56 to 72 days. In the first weeks, you will not notice any changes, but at 22 weeks, if you are not new to this business, you will be able to probe small puppies. On day 50, puppies begin to move, and freeze before giving birth.
Seven days before giving birth, prepare a place where your dog will give birth. Better if it is a box. Show the dog this place. Place a clean, warm, folded sheet on the bottom of the box. The average duration of labor is three to twenty-four hours. Before giving birth, even calm early dogs can lose control of themselves. They become nervous, whine, scrape the bedding, moan, etc. Five days before the onset of labor, the dog’s back sags and the uterus sinks. In the last weeks, the dog has increased sexual characteristics. A few hours before labor pains, the vagina will swell and begin to secrete mucus.
The process of childbirth begins with subtle contractions of the uterus. contractions.
- The dog starts to show anxiety.
- The birth canal expands.
- The interval between the first contractions can be up to several hours.
- A mucous plug comes out of the dog’s vagina.
- Contractions are gaining strength, and the intervals between them are noticeably shorter.
- The abdomen is tight and becomes lumpy.
- Attempts will join the contractions. The dog tries to find a comfortable position for itself.
- The walls of the uterus contract and gradually push the puppy towards the exit from the vagina.
- A puppy is born in a shell. Gently tear off the sheath and wipe the puppy with a clean, dry cloth. Then pull the umbilical cord and help the bitch give birth to the placenta.
- At a distance of one or two centimeters from the puppy, squeeze the umbilical cord with your fingers and cut with sterile scissors.
- The dog should lick his puppy, thereby stimulating his circulation and breathing.
- Place the puppies in a separate box on a dry, clean sheet with a warm heating pad underneath.
- Make sure all puppies and placenta come out. You see, there is nothing wrong with the way dogs give birth. Video materials on this topic will also be useful to you.
You should know that a bitch is in heat twice a year, but this does not mean at all that you need to knit your pet every time. It is safe for health to give birth once a year. This is necessary for the body to get stronger and recover. If the dog does not walk well after pregnancy or childbirth, then you can serve it food containing vitamins and minerals, as well as walk more often in the fresh air. Now you know exactly how and how much a dog gives birth once a year. In addition, the information will help you recognize pregnancy and labor. Now you can help your beloved pet to give birth to offspring. Despite the fact that animals have well-developed instincts, they need help with childbirth no less than people. And at such a moment they have no one to rely on, except for their beloved master.
The birth of puppies for any owner is a period of anxiety and excitement. It is important to properly prepare for this moment and work out all possible scenarios in advance. Childbirth is a complex physiological process, during which unforeseen complications may arise.
So, what does a breeder need to know who plans to independently provide childbirth assistance to his pet? And even if your plans do not include helping the dog (you prefer to use the services of a veterinarian), then you need to have at least a general idea of how the process will proceed and what signs indicate its beginning.
When your dog needs help
Not in every case a woman giving birth needs your help. Of course, it is good if you help clear the babies of blood and mucus, but a healthy animal can do it quite well. An exception can only be when the female gives birth for the first time.
Stay alert. At any time, the bitch may have complications, and then only you can take control of the situation. For example, when a pet has lost water, but the contractions have not begun, she needs to inject oxytocin. It stimulates the uterus, and it begins to contract normally. You cannot do such injections on your own. first call your veterinarian and consult. He will assess the situation and recommend the dosage.
An urgent need to call a veterinarian if bleeding has opened. you can understand this by the scarlet intensifying discharge from the vulva. Also, green-brown discharge should be alerted when puppies are delayed.
If the female ignores the newborn’s umbilical cord and bladder, your task is to deal with them yourself. In a stressful situation, the dog is simply confused and does not know what to do. Every second counts: it is necessary to cut the umbilical cord with scissors with round edges, having previously disinfected them.
If, after the bladder has been removed, the baby still does not have breathing, take a suction and remove all mucus and liquid from the respiratory tract. Be careful not to injure him. babies are very fragile in the first few days of life.
The bitch may be too tired to take care of her baby’s hygiene. Then you have to take care of this. Soak a towel in warm water and dry all newborns well. There should be no mucus or bladder residues on them.
After everyone is born, licked by the mother, or washed by you, lay them next to the bitch’s nipples. After being born, they need to eat and gain strength.
Providing assistance consists of a few simple steps:
How many times a year do dogs give birth. How many times a year do dogs give birth?
When to separate a puppy from a dog
When the puppies are 2-2.5 months old, they know how to eat on their own, take care of themselves, and their mother taught them the necessary skills. puppies can be weaned from their mother and think about their sale and further attachment. As a rule, bitches easily experience separation from puppies, however, if after you pick up the puppies, the dog howls and whines and behaves anxiously. try to distract it from sad thoughts with a dog treat, a long walk in nature, your attention, your favorite game.
How to help your dog during labor
If you do not have special veterinary knowledge, then, unfortunately, there can be no question of providing complex and qualified veterinary care. It is better to trust a professional in this case. AND,
if during pregnancy the animal had prerequisites for the fact that childbirth could pass with complications. it is better to agree in advance with a specialist so that he can be present at the birth of your dog.
If the veterinarian for some reason could not come or is delayed, and labor has already begun, you should be ready to provide the dog with all possible help.
So, for example, if you see that the dog does not release the puppy after his birth from the amniotic membranes within 2 minutes, they will need to be torn off, as the baby may suffocate. However, you should not completely remove them. you need to make a hole above the muzzle so that the puppy can breathe. All the same, the mother will have to remove the rest of the shells. Likewise, if the dog cannot gnaw through the umbilical cord. it is too strong and can be carefully cut with sterile scissors and then torn apart. After that, you can bandage the umbilical cord and lubricate the incision site with iodine.
You also need to make sure that the litter under the dog is as clean as possible and change it if necessary.
once a year. how many times a year does a dog give birth? 22 answers
Childbirth in a dog
A number of signs indicate an approaching birth in a dog: an increase in mammary glands, loss of appetite, mucous discharge, a decrease in rectal temperature by 1 degree, restless behavior, rapid breathing. A few hours before the start of the contractions, the animal takes a characteristic posture. it lies down, stretches its front paws forward and lowers its head. The onset of labor is considered to be the discharge of amniotic fluid. You can read about all the nuances of this process and about all its stages in the publication, which describes in detail the generic process in dogs.
Childbirth in a dog can last from several hours to one and a half days. The active phase of labor is the birth of puppies. The bitch immediately licks the babies, freeing them from the membranes of the amniotic fluid, gnaws through the umbilical cord and eats the afterbirth that appears after the puppy. After a while, the next puppy is born. Please note. the number of successions must necessarily correspond to the number of puppies born. A. if the afterbirth did not come out. this is a reason for seeking help from a veterinarian, since an inflammatory process may begin in the bitch’s body.