Dogs not subject to molting
There are no dogs that do not shed. However, in some, molt passes quickly and is almost imperceptible to the owner. These breeds are recommended for those with allergies. Below is a list of dogs that are almost non-shedding:
- Wheat Terrier;
- Bichon Frize;
- West Highland White Terrier;
- Bedlington Terrier;
- Welsh Terrier;
- Poodles (some);
- Irish Water Spaniel (with a coat that resembles human hair);
- Chinese Crested;
- Yorkshire Terrier and others.
All dogs, regardless of breed, shed. But there are breeds that do not shed abundantly.
These breeds include the Irish Water Spaniel, Spanish Water Dog, Giant Schnauzer, Russian Black Terrier, Bichon Frize, Chinese Crested, Yorkshire Terrier, Mexican Hairless, Poodle, Shih Tzu, Miniature Schnauzer, Dandy Dinmont Terrier, Bedlington Terrier. maltese, havanese bichon, coton de tulear.
How to care for long-haired dogs
The molting process depends on the breed of the dog. Long-haired dogs shed quite intensely and should be brushed and trimmed regularly. The recommended bathing frequency is 10-14 days. These rules apply to terriers, poodles, collies, St. Bernards, cockers and other dog breeds.
If the owner neglects to take care of the dog, the coat can roll into tangles with the subsequent appearance of sores on the skin. As a result, the dog is attacked by various parasites: ticks, fleas. Therefore, you should stock up on a brush and patience for the entire shedding period.
Causes of shedding in dogs
Seasonal shedding in dogs is a natural process, but hair loss can occur for other reasons.
One of the reasons is dehydration, that is, lack of access to water and lack of water in food lead to dry skin, as a result, there is abundant shedding, and in some cases, dehydration leads to the development of diseases.
As a result of poor nutrition or disease, the body does not receive the nutrients necessary for the health of the coat and skin, the condition of the skin and coat deteriorates, and the hair begins to fall out.
Bitches are known to shed before heat. Therefore, this factor should also be taken into account if an off-season molt suddenly begins. Age-related shedding and shedding are considered normal in bitches that have stopped breastfeeding.
Infection with parasites, such as fleas, is accompanied by itching, which makes the animal want to itch. Animals that itch frequently lose more hair.
Hair loss can be triggered by stress, for example, during pregnancy, moving house, surgery.
Abundant molting can be observed in pets living in an apartment where the air temperature is high. Heat can cause hair to fall out regardless of the season. The optimum maximum air temperature in the room should not exceed 26 degrees.
Severe shedding in a dog, the appearance of bald spots and dandruff, skin problems and strong scratching in the absence of parasites, frequent licking is a reason to consult a veterinarian.
How many times a year does a dog shed?
Shedding is a natural process during which the hairline changes. Two molts, which take place in autumn and spring for several weeks, are considered the norm for an adult, if its body receives a sufficient amount of nutrients. Depending on the breed, puppies first molt between 3 and 10 months of age. During this period, both the structure and density of the hairs and the color of the dog change.
In the wild, animals react to daily temperature fluctuations and natural light levels. Through molting, the dog’s body adapts to environmental conditions. After the autumn molt, a dense undercoat is formed, which is necessary for protection from harsh weather conditions. In spring, everything happens the other way around: shedding is necessary to create a thinner undercoat with thinner hair.
This is not the case with pets. Living in more comfortable conditions, they do not experience extreme temperature effects and receive all the necessary nutrients in a balanced feed. In this regard, natural biorhythms are disrupted, and molt is delayed all year round. The dog is constantly losing a certain amount of hair. this process is called permanent shedding.
When and how do dogs molt??
The shedding period is not an easy test for owners, especially when it comes to dogs of medium or large breeds with long hair. Dogs molt twice a year, in spring and autumn. The duration of the molt is from two weeks to one and a half months, in rare cases it is slightly delayed.
The condition of a dog’s coat is a direct indicator of its internal health. If a pet attracts admiring glances on the street, dazzles with the shine of its fur in the sun, and all children dream of stroking it, then everything is in order with its health! And if your dog sheds heavily and often, itches, its coat does not shine in the sun, and it is not smooth or silky to the touch, then it is necessary to show it to the veterinarian and get tested, because something is wrong with the body.
The planned moulting periods are autumn and spring. In the fall, the dog sheds its summer coat and stocks up with a new one. warm, thick, with undercoat, for the winter cold. Autumn molt in dogs lasts longer than spring, but there is much less hair after it. The pet visually increases in volume and becomes softer, fluffier.
In the spring, after frost, the dog sheds the warm undercoat and thick coat, renewing the skin for the summer season. Such a molt is shorter, but the losses for the owners from it are much greater. The dog sheds heavily, leaves hair on any piece of furniture, clothes, on the floor, in hard-to-reach corners of the apartment.
It is worth noting that dogs that live in an apartment can shed all year round. Moulting can occur in females during estrus and during childbirth.
If your dog sheds heavily all year round, you need to take action, and the faster the better, because the coat grows slowly, and some diseases become visible in the dog’s appearance much later than they appear in the body.
There can be many reasons for unplanned molting and the diseases that lie behind it: poor, unbalanced nutrition, hormonal disorders (if hair loss is uniform), parasites, lack of vitamins, poor microclimate and artificial lighting in the house, diseases of the digestive tract, kidneys, liver and other organs. Another reason can be allergic reactions to anything, eczema, fungal diseases. But no matter what happens, you first need to drive out the worms from the dog.
Also, the cause of shedding in dogs can be stress: moving to a new place, surgery, pregnancy, etc.
During periods of molting, it is necessary to carefully comb out the animal with the help of combs, brushes, furminators. If you don’t do this, your dog’s coat will clump and build up. This can lead to tangles and painful removal. Sometimes it is impossible to comb the mats and you have to cut them, turning a beautiful dog into a “patchwork quilt” with bald patches and areas of bare skin.
You can use conditioners for the coat to improve the appearance and texture of the hair. Don’t bathe your dog very often, but use a protein shampoo when bathing. And be sure to give your dog vitamins.
We are proud to provide an international quality service. This means that we set ourselves a bar below which we have no right to go down. If a new type of pet care has appeared, Dog City will be among the first to provide it in Ukraine.
Express shedding is the preparation of wool for thorough combing with special tools, followed by bathing with a certain shampoo and mask that open pores and help get rid of shedding hair. After bathing the animal, while drying, the remaining wool is blown out with a booster (professional powerful hairdryer) with simultaneous combing and laying of the wool. It is difficult to say about the duration of this procedure, since it all depends on how much the wool is “ripe” or “overripe”. With the help of express shedding, we remove up to 90% of shedding wool. This effect is enough for 2-3 months.
The care complex also includes standard hygiene procedures.
This procedure is suitable for all breeds of dogs that are not clipped or trimmed, as well as all breeds of cats, except for hairless ones, of course.
This procedure is best suited for undercoated breeds such as Husky, Samoyed, Spitz, Pekingese, Mestizo, etc.
Smooth-haired breeds such as beagles, pugs, labradors, jack russell terriers, etc. this procedure is also suitable, but the effect does not last so long and the procedure must be repeated more often.
BUT: If the animal is not accustomed to grooming, and this is: combing, bathing, hairdryer, this procedure will not work for you, you need to get accustomed to this. But if the animal is young and not aggressive, in DOG CITY you can take the services of a zoopsychologist, a dog handler. they will help you cope with such difficulties together with the groomer.
Molting in dogs is a phenomenon that every owner of a four-legged friend encounters. During this period, a new one grows to replace the old coat, and this is a real test for those who keep a pet in the apartment.
Hair loss not related to shedding
If hair loss occurs regardless of the season change, this indicates a disease. The condition of the hair makes it possible to distinguish between natural and pathological variants of shedding. The dull color of the coat, hair loss in clumps and the untidy appearance of the cover as a whole testify to disturbances in the functioning of the body. There are several reasons for this phenomenon:
- The diet does not contain all the essential vitamins;
- The pet is sick with hepatitis;
- Have problems with the digestive system or kidneys;
- Disorders in the endocrine system;
- The pet is in a state of severe depression;
- The body has got parasites;
- Immune diseases;
- The owner bathes his dog too often, using detergents that wash away the layer of fat that serves as a protective barrier.
If the dog’s coat has begun to look much worse and falls out in large pieces, you should immediately contact your veterinarian. The doctor diagnoses the problem, selects the best way to treat the existing disease.
Molting in dogs. in spring, winter or all year round?
Tired of picking up the clumps of his pet’s fur scattered around the apartment, the owner involuntarily wonders why the process of molting in his dog lasts almost all year and what are the normal times for this process. In fact, when dogs molt, the seasons change, and vice versa.
If your dog sheds in winter or fall. then this is also quite common. At this time, her body is preparing for the coming cold weather, but how can you survive severe frosts without a warm fur coat? In order for a new thick coat to grow, it is necessary to get rid of the old one that has served its purpose. Care recommendations during this period:
- regular brushing,
- timely cleaning of the apartment,
- visiting a dog hairdresser (if the dog takes part in exhibitions and he needs to constantly look one hundred percent).
Moulting normally begins when a sharp warming or cold snap is expected due to the change of season. But what if the dog sheds all year round? Is it necessary to fight this and why is this happening?
It all depends on the conditions of keeping the animal. It’s not about how well you take care of your pet. The vast majority of dogs live with their owners, that is, in apartments or private houses equipped with heating systems that guarantee an almost constant room temperature both in winter and in summer. The body, which is constantly warm, simply does not know when it is time to throw off an old fur coat and acquire a new one.
It happens that in some dogs, resting on downy mats in warm houses, not far from electric heaters slipped by caring owners, the spring molt, instead of ending in half a month, smoothly flows into the autumn one. So it seems that it never ends.
Is it dangerous? Incessant molting is not harmful in itself, but indicates a more serious problem. If the dog is kept in constant heat, the resistance of his body to various diseases, including infectious ones, is significantly reduced. All this leads to the fact that a healthy, generally strong animal can pick up a dangerous sore, with which his pampered body cannot cope.
How to prevent a negative outcome of events?
- First, make sure the dog’s seat is away from heaters and central heating radiators.
- Second, ventilate the rooms regularly, even when it’s freezing outside. The supply of fresh air must be continuous. Of course, it’s not worth making drafts. Airing will also help to lower the average temperature of the house, at least by 0.5-1.5 degrees, which will have a positive effect on the health of all family members.
- Third, do not neglect walking. Walk your dog daily, regardless of the weather. Have longer exercise periodically.
- Fourthly, remember about the indispensability of physical activity. Jogging, active ball games, tug-of-war and any other activity will have a very positive effect on your pet’s well-being.
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Features of shedding dogs of different breeds
Experts divide the coat of tetrapods according to structural features, density, and length. The natural processes of wool change are different for each representative:
- When short, smooth and straight, the owners suffer from hard-to-clean hairs that visually resemble small needles. This structure is observed in the pug, Rottweiler, Chihuahua, Toy Terrier, French Bulldog.
- With the usual. cleaning is simple, it is easy to take care of the pet. The list includes the German, West European, Belgian Shepherd Dog, Laika, Alabai, Moscow Watchdog, Labrador and Siberian Husky.
- With a long and fluffy. the rash of hairs is permanent or long-lasting, the animal must be constantly combed out, and the house must be vacuumed. This variety is present in Afghan hounds, Pekingese, Sheltie, Collie, Spaniel.
- When hard, it is easy to clean due to the lack of undercoat loss. It needs to be combed out independently in Fox Terriers, Scottish Terriers, Giant Schnauzers, Miniature Schnauzers, Airedale Terriers, Mittel Schnauzers.
- With an exotic one, it is necessary to pay attention to the peculiarities of the quality and growth of the wool cover. Komondors (Hungarian Shepherd Dogs), Chinese Crested Dogs, bullets, etc.
Wool combing tools
Tools for caring for four-legged animals are divided by type and final purpose. The list of frequently used ones is presented:
- Single-row comb. designed for long, but not too thick hair. Preference is given to products that do not activate static electricity.
- Bristle. helps in unraveling tangles and combing the longest coat. It can be used for short-haired animals, during the procedure, it simultaneously massages the skin.
- A slicker. thin metal teeth curved and rounded at the ends easily remove dead hairs of the undercoat. Not applicable for massive mats due to the risk of damage to the dermis.
- Furminar. can be used for all types of coat. One procedure almost completely eliminates dead undercoat.
- Comb-rake. used as a secondary treatment after the furminator. The principle of operation is similar to the specified product, but processes problem areas more carefully, without leaving bald patches.
- Glove. recommended for short-haired dogs. Effectively removes small short hairs without causing discomfort or painful sensations to the four-legged.
- Double-sided. easily removes dust and dirt. Recommended for different coat types.
- With movable teeth or of different lengths. used by groomers for animals that have a negative attitude to the procedure. The product is not painful, but not suitable for long-haired individuals.
- With a collar cutter. sharp teeth effectively cut and unravel the hairs that have fallen into the total mass. Used for areas that cannot be combed with conventional methods.
Depending on the type of hairs, veterinarians distinguish the following care features:
- Long-haired. need daily treatment, long and thick hairs are combed out with a massage brush or a standard comb. The dead undercoat is removed with a slicker; it is also allowed to use a furminator or a rake comb. The fur that has fallen into lumps is removed with a collar cutter.
- Short-haired. preference is given to brushes with natural bristles, individual hairs are removed with a special glove. Alternatively, use products with rotating teeth and rake combs.
- Wire-haired. not subject to standard seasonal molting. Trimming tools are used to renew the coat.
- Smooth-haired. care takes place with an ordinary comb, mitten and massage brush with natural bristles. Some owners prefer to purchase products with rotating teeth or different lengths.
How to take care of your dog during this period
Veterinarians suggest taking the pet’s daily menu seriously. Natural nutrition, which lacks proteins, B vitamins, is subject to correction. To resolve the issue, it is better to use special multivitamin complexes, fish oil. they will help to strengthen and improve the quality characteristics of the coat.
The doctor will diagnose and determine the source of the mass hair loss. If you ignore the problem, the owner can make things worse and face such an unpleasant phenomenon as partial alopecia (severe baldness).
For an accelerated and efficient completion of the event, experts advise you to carry out the following procedures:
- Washing your pet with an air conditioner. dead hairs are easier to remove, the cover will get rid of excess dirt and sebum. With further combing with a rubber mitten or furminator, the rejection and change of hairs will occur several times faster.
- For water procedures, you need to use a warm liquid. Cool water will not rinse your hair, and hot water will increase hair loss.
- Drying. done at room temperature. Why it is impossible to turn on hot air on a hairdryer: it will provoke an active shedding, the same effect will be observed with vigorous rubbing with a towel. Both actions can injure the skin.
- The best drying option is to gently blot excess liquid with a terry towel. Then comb the pet out gently.
What to do during molting
The period of changing the coat does not last long, but it causes discomfort not only for the owner, but also for the four-footed one. There are some rules to help your pet shed quickly.
Molting in dogs. what is this period
New owners are wondering when dogs shed and what the process is related to. The change of undercoat and wool occurs in accordance with time. closer to cold weather, it changes its structure to a denser one. With the arrival of heat, the body does not need additional heating and the coat becomes shorter and thinner.
The faster it gets colder or warmer, the sooner the “fur coat” will be replaced. Additional prerequisites include the conditions for keeping the pet, the diet, the characteristics of each breed.
The concept of molting in animals
Molting in dogs. features, how long
Before buying a new family member, you need to review the breeds and study their characteristics. Seasonal or year-round molting in dogs will require frequent cleaning, daily brushing of the pet. Ignoring the rules can lead to the appearance of tangles, the development of skin pathologies and the dog’s hair loss.
Features of origin, how long does seasonal and non-seasonal
In a healthy animal, the process lasts 1-3 weeks, but it can be longer. The change of coat is observed twice in 12 months, which will lead to some inconvenience for all family members due to the fluff scattered throughout the house.
The primary replacement of the undercoat in puppies is observed after one and a half months; during this period, the soft coat degenerates into dense and coarse axial hairs. Age molting begins after half a year, in some breeds a full replacement of a puppy cannon is recorded closer to 24 months.
The duration of the process may differ even among representatives of the same breed. the features are associated with living conditions. When kept in an apartment, a dog can shed, regardless of the season. with constant artificial lighting and a stable air temperature.
Causes of hair loss
Experts subdivide the process into natural and pathological, in the first version it is associated with the spring-autumn change of the woolen cover to a warmer one (in September) or cool (in February). Routine hair replacement is not a concern if it takes place within a strictly defined interval. 1-3 weeks.
When dogs molt spontaneously, without reference to the season (sometimes in winter or summer, all year round), the animal needs a diagnostic examination. Pathological manifestations can be associated with:
- with hormonal or metabolic imbalances;
- canine dermatological diseases;
- helminths, blood-sucking parasites, lice or chewing lice;
- improperly selected diet;
- pathologies of the digestive tract.
Non-standard reactions of the body are provoked by both internal and external root causes:
- year-round hair loss. associated with occasional walks, high temperatures and low indoor humidity;
- temporary. with stressful situations: moving to a new home, surgery, estrus or the postpartum month.
Molting in dogs
Owners of dogs of various breeds inevitably face molting. This is a completely natural process and is most noticeable in long-haired pets. Of course, no one likes the clumps of hair that spread throughout the apartment and stick to clothes, but it is impossible to make sure that the dog does not shed. It turns out that this is how animals react to the changing seasons. If a dog’s molt is off-season and protracted, it can be an indicator of a disease. We hope that our article will help you to survive this period with minimal losses, to properly care for the dog during molting and thereby make life easier for your pet. Having renewed, the wool will again become shiny and beautiful, and during walks your pet will attract admiring glances of passers-by.
Taking care of your dog during molting
In order for your pet to survive this period comfortably, follow the care recommendations.
Brush your dog’s coat daily with a specially selected brush, undercoat furminator or massage comb. Such manipulations are useful for the animal, because they help remove dead hair and accelerate the growth of new ones; stimulate the upper layer of the epidermis, which improves blood circulation and the supply of nutrients to the hair roots; improve the appearance of the pet, because the coat becomes smooth and silky. In addition, daily grooming of the dog will reduce the need to constantly vacuum and clean, reduce the amount of hair in the house.
Use a special conditioner for dogs to improve coat texture and nourish the skin. The tool allows you to make the hair flexible, they will not get tangled during combing.
It is not recommended to bathe your dog often, but when you really need to, use a pet shampoo that contains protein and strengthens the coat. Use a detergent to nourish hair follicles no more than once a month.
Add cold-pressed oils, minerals and vitamins to your dog’s diet. It is recommended to use special complex preparations that improve the quality of the wool. If you are feeding your dog natural, increase the protein on the daily menu. Wool consists of keratin, and it is the protein components that are the building blocks of the hair, making it elastic. It is desirable to add complete protein in the form of low fat meat, liver and chicken hearts. You can give your pet lean sea fish, while making sure that it does not come across bones. The consumption of natural fish oil will also have a beneficial effect on the dog’s health. Also, the diet should be enriched with cereals and vegetables, and if the animal does not like them, you can add canned vegetables to the food.
Wool combing tools
To gently comb out loose hair and painlessly remove the resulting mats, there are various devices:
- Hardened steel comb, best nickel plated. This tool is most often used for undercoat care;
- slicker. This brush is suitable for sensitive dogs that cannot tolerate a metal comb. She neatly and delicately combs out the accumulated hair;
- The glove brush is used to comb out and collect dead hairs. It fits comfortably on the arm and effectively removes wool;
- furminator is a modern tool that can replace all of the above devices. The furminator is similar to a comb, with a serrated steel blade and a comfortable rubber handle. Thanks to the slotted blade, the undercoat is easily removed from the coat without damaging the living hairs.
Important: you cannot use the furminator if the skin of the animal has irritations, sores, wounds or similar injuries. Also, the use of the device is not allowed if the dog has tangles. In this case, they must be carefully removed in advance so that the furminator does not hurt the animal.
Regular brushing of the dog will prevent hairs from settling on the furniture and floor. The most convenient way to deal with wool is by placing your pet on a newspaper or cellophane. So it will turn out very quickly to remove the fallen out wool.
Twice a year, in spring and autumn, the dog’s coat is renewed naturally. This process is directly related to the health of the animal, its immunity and well-being. If the coat shines in the sun. this is an excellent indicator, but if it is dull and not silky, then you need to pay increased attention to the pet’s body.
- protects the skin of the animal from external penetration of various types of parasites, fleas, ticks;
- does not allow the development of infectious diseases;
- protects from aggressive weather conditions: snow, rain, wind.
At the same time, a beautiful coat is responsible for the attractive appearance and grooming of the dog. Such a pet wants to be stroked as often as possible, which improves the mood of both parties and promotes closer tactile contact.
When to see your veterinarian?
A prolonged shedding of a dog should cause concern if:
- wool falls out in clumps,
- looks untidy and dull,
- the structure and density of the cover changes,
- hair growth slows down.
How long does it take for dogs to molt??
Natural seasonal molting lasts 7-14 days. At this time, it is worth showing increased care for the pet. You will have to clean the house much more often than usual, as the ubiquitous wool will constantly appear. Thanks to thorough combing or the services of a dog hairdresser, you can ease this period for yourself and your four-legged friend.
What is the difference between spring and autumn molt?
In the autumn moulting period, summer wool is replaced and a new one grows, thicker and warmer, with undercoat, for warming in winter. The duration of the autumn molt is more protracted than the spring one, although the hair during this period is much less. A pet can visually increase in volume, become soft and tender to the touch.
Spring molt in dogs begins after the end of frost. The warm undercoat and thick coat are shed, and the skin is renewed for the summer period. The duration of molt in spring is short-term, although for the owners it is much more difficult to tolerate. Excessive hair loss spoils the mood of apartment tenants, contaminating clothes, furniture and floors.
How many times a year should a dog normally shed and at what time?
How many times a year do dogs change their fur? Normally, molt occurs twice a year. in autumn and spring, and lasts on average 1–2 weeks. During this period, the old wool falls out, and in its place a new “fur coat” is formed, soft and silky. Long-haired dogs are especially active in shedding their hair.
The puppy’s first autumn molt begins at the age of 6 to 9 months. For the period of active change of the pet’s fur, the owner needs to be patient and have cleaning equipment. You can quickly get rid of the fallen hairs in one way. to carry out wet and dry cleaning daily, preferably twice a day. After about 14 days, the molting process will be completed.
Infection with parasites
Hair loss in dogs is often associated with the presence of parasites. Fleas, ticks and lice that live on the pet’s body contribute to the thinning of the hair structure and its subsequent loss. A dog infected with parasites can go completely bald.
How can you tell if your pet has fleas and ticks on it? Inspection should be carried out after each walk. Blackheads, bite marks, a small rash at the site of baldness. a reason for an immediate visit to the veterinarian.
Flea dermatitis is a huge inconvenience for the dog. From insect bites, the body itches a lot, the pet can bite itself, trying to scratch the problem area. For treatment, medicinal shampoos, ointments, aerosols and other agents are prescribed, as well as intramuscular injections. For prevention purposes, take the dog for a walk in a special flea collar.
How should a normal molt take place??
Spring molt in a pet begins in late March. early April, after the retreat of severe frosts. During this period, the dog sheds the guard hair. thick long hair. The dense undercoat becomes fluff-like. soft and sparse. For the summer period, the pet does not need a warm fur coat, and until the end of warm days, the animal’s undercoat remains soft and thin.
In the fall, the pet begins to actively molt again. Summer light “outfit” is replaced by a thick, warm and hard coat so that in winter the dog does not freeze.
Hormonal disorders are a common cause of out-of-season molting in pets. In the event of a malfunction of the adrenal glands, thyroid gland or pituitary gland, the dog’s hair begins to fall out abundantly and evenly on all parts of the body.
The following hormonal imbalances in the dog’s body are possible:
- excessive production of cortisol, a stress hormone;
- lack of growth hormone. observed in puppies under the age of 1 year;
- excess estrogen. female sex hormones;
- hypothyroidism (thyroid malfunction).
Hormonal abnormalities negatively affect the pet’s appearance and behavior. The coat becomes dull and sparse, bald patches are visible on the body. The dog can rapidly gain or lose weight, and has a frequent urge to urinate. With dysfunction of the thyroid gland, the animal becomes lethargic and lethargic, loses interest in games and walks.
You can normalize hormone levels by taking medications that your doctor prescribes based on the results of blood tests. Treating a pet on your own in this case is dangerous.
How the owner can help the dog?
Hair loss in winter or summer is an alarming signal that tells the owner about possible health problems in his pet. How to independently determine why moulting occurs out of season?
First of all, you need to carefully examine the dog. If your skin has redness or a small rash, allergic or contact dermatitis may be the likely culprit for a sudden change of six. In this case, the pet constantly licks itself. the problem area itches.
If the dermatitis is caused by flea bites, the patient should be treated for parasites with medicated ointments and shampoos. Allergic dermatitis is more difficult to diagnose on your own and requires blood tests and skin tests to identify the allergen. Before the trip to the clinic, you can give the dog an antihistamine (Diazolin, Suprastin, Tavegil, Zodak, Zirtek, etc.), determining the dose taking into account the weight of the dog according to the instructions.
When the dog is actively shedding old hair, you should comb the pet with a special brush with rare teeth. This will help the animal to get rid of the “fur coat” faster and will significantly reduce the amount of hair on the floor and furniture in the house. Representatives of long-haired breeds are combed out daily, short-haired and wire-haired. once every 3-4 days.
Many pet salons provide a service called “express molting” to speed up the natural process. The procedure is done as follows:
- wool is actively combed out with professional tools;
- the animal is bathed with medicated shampoo;
- dry and lay the wool with a powerful hair dryer.
To minimize out-of-season molting, the owner must take care of timely prevention. Regular walks, moderate physical activity, course intake of multivitamin complexes will help to strengthen the immune system. The resting place of the pet should be located away from heating appliances. too warm and dry air provokes hair loss in the animal. If the air temperature in the living area is above 26 degrees, the dog will inevitably begin to lose hair.
Why most pet dogs shed all year round?
Many owners note that their pet’s coat change does not depend on the season. The dog actively molts in both summer and winter. What to do in this case?
If the dog sheds heavily all year round, it may have health problems. In this case, it is necessary to show the animal to the veterinarian. Possible factors provoking out-of-season molt:
- imbalance of hormones;
- skin diseases;
- regular stress;
- disruption of the thyroid gland;
- insufficient intake of nutrients and microelements into the body;
- infections, parasites;
- diseases of viral etiology;
- allergies to pollen, certain foods, household dust;
- pregnancy and the period of feeding the puppies;
- hot and dry air in the room, the location of the pet’s place near the heaters.
Year-round molt is typical for lap dogs that do not feel the change of seasons and climatic conditions. Their body does not receive signals from the outside about the need for change, because the apartment is always warm and dry, and the animal does not need to warm up or, conversely, to lighten the natural “clothes”. Such pets lose hair regardless of the season, so they need to be bathed and combed regularly.
Why do dogs shed so much and what to do about it, when should they molt. in summer or autumn, and how many times a year?
Every year in the fall and spring, dog owners are faced with an active shedding of their pet. Wool, which flies everywhere, remains on the floor and furniture, despite cleaning, very annoying for the owners. It is pointless to scold a dog for actively molting. It is necessary to figure out how many times a year and how long it normally sheds.
If the process of changing the coat began out of season, the dog’s coat began to crawl out strongly for no reason, perhaps it suffers from some kind of disease. What is the normal period for a pet’s coat change? What needs to be done to stop the dog from losing hair?
We take care of wool
It doesn’t matter if it’s time for seasonal hair loss or the veterinarian could not find the reasons for the “unscheduled” shedding or could not understand why the dog sheds heavily. you need to help your pet to survive this difficult period comfortably.
- Stock up on a comb furminator,
- buy special dry conditioners that improve the structure of the coat and nourish it.
- Frequent bathing of the dog with abundant shedding is not recommended, but sometimes you can give your pet a fun shower with a pet shampoo that contains protein.
- Finally, be sure to include vitamins in your dog’s diet.
Do not forget to stock up on the necessary equipment for combing the pet. The main thing is the hardened steel combs. Preferably nickel-plated. With their help, you can comb out tangles from the undercoat.
Slickers are no less important. They remove hair in delicate areas that cannot be touched with coarse metal tools.
They remove hair in delicate areas that cannot be touched with coarse metal tools. And you can comb out and collect dead hair from the pet’s body using a glove brush. You will be able to remove dead hair from the pet’s body with such an “inventory” in four days of vigorous combing.
By the way, all this ammunition can be replaced with one furminator device. This tool looks like a regular rake comb. He does not cut the undercoat, but catches it and lifts it up. Furminator “teeth” are located so that they do not touch living hair.
However, the furminator should not be used if the pet’s skin has irritations, sores, scratches, wounds, bruises or abrasions. Comb through your pet with a metal comb before using this tool. There should be no tangles, otherwise the animal will be hurt.
Furminator combing will speed up if done after bathing. Move the tool in the direction of hair growth. Be careful when handling your tummy, legs, and tail. You do not need to use force! Drive gently through the coat to avoid hurting the animal.
This attachment is suitable for most breeds. Exceptions among dogs:
- american water spaniel,
- Chinese Crested,
- curly-haired retriever,
If you brush your dog regularly, the hairs will not settle on the furniture and on the floor. You can practice animal hair while sitting on a newspaper or a piece of cellophane. Then you can remove everything that you combed out in a minute.!
How long and when does moulting begin in dogs?
Molting in dogs can tell an experienced dog breeder a lot about an animal. Having met pet dogs on the street, you can easily determine whether the pet is healthy and happy. “How”? you ask. According to the condition of his coat!
If the fur coat looks well-groomed and shines in the sun, like expensive fur, the pet is doing well. If the hairs are shaggy and sparse, the dog often itches, getting rid of endlessly shedding hairs, then something is wrong.
The dog sheds a lot: why it happens and what to do
However, diseases are not the only causes of sudden or severe molting. The fur coat of an animal reacts sharply to any changes in the environment. For example, some pets living under artificial lighting or stuffiness, renew their wool constantly, unlike their counterparts living in the fresh air of sunny summer cottages.
How To Stop Dog Shedding
Temporary weakening of hair follicles and intense hair loss in dogs is sometimes caused by stress, such as pregnancy, moving, or surgery. There are even cases when too frequent bathing upset the chemical balance of the skin and promoted shedding.
Molting in dogs is a natural process
The coat protects the dog from ticks, fleas and other parasites, infections and bad weather. But it also brings people and animals closer together. Any dog is blissful when he is stroked on a fur coat, and the owner is always proud of a stately and personable pet.
However, in these ideal relationships there is one “but”: pets periodically renew the fur coat, getting rid of old hair. And then their owners puzzle over how to cope with the ubiquitous wool.
How To Stop Dog Shedding (Easy Tricks from A Vet)
How long does a dog shed and when does it start for the first time??
Moulting in dogs occurs twice a year. As a rule, this period occurs in autumn and spring. It usually lasts 1-2 weeks. Molting is a normal phenomenon, which will not become a disaster for the owner of the dog if he more often combes his four-legged friend or visits the dog’s hairdresser with a long-haired pet.
And, of course, tidy up the apartment, because a comb will not completely save you from hair. When does the first moult begin in dogs?? It depends on the time of year, but usually it does not happen earlier than 6 months.
Another thing is when wool falls out in large quantities and out of season. A strong shedding in a dog is a serious cause for concern, because the condition of the coat is a mirror of the dog’s health.
Unfortunately, wool does not immediately respond to diseases. Hair grows slowly, and changes in them appear only a month after the emergence of a latent danger. Therefore, when the structure of the coat and its appearance change, you should immediately contact a 24-hour veterinary clinic.
There can be many reasons for this pathology:
- unbalanced diet,
- lack of vitamins,
- parasites and hormonal imbalances,
- immune disorders,
- digestive tract diseases,
Before visiting your doctor, be sure to make a rough list of the foods you feed your pet. May give the dog anthelmintic drugs and vitamins in advance.
Menu for the shedding
At the time of molting, it is better to transfer the pet to natural food. The main thing for a healthy and beautiful coat is protein. It gives shine and strength to the coat. The pet also needs fish oil during molting. Make sure that your pet gets the substances necessary for the growth of the coat: copper, zinc and vitamin B.
The animal needs more meat during this period (the exception is pork, it is too fat). Sometimes pamper pets with chicken hearts, liver. Once a week, the molting animal needs to eat sea fish. Just give him boneless fillets.
In addition, it is important that pets eat vegetables and cereals. It is unlikely that you will be able to get the four-legged to try these foods separately, so mix them with your furry friend’s favorite canned food.
Remember: your pet’s health depends on you. And take care of who you have tamed!
What can you do at home?
Before you figure out what to do if a dog sheds, you need to remember: molting is a natural process, and it will not be possible to stop it completely. However, regular grooming will help speed up shedding.
Attention! You should not shave your dog to avoid the shedding process. The fact is that in the summer, the wool protects the animal from overheating and sunburn. Shaving will help with flying hair in the house, but it will significantly increase the risk of dermatological diseases. In addition, the guard hairs after shaving “to zero” may not grow back at all, or begin to grow into the skin, which will ultimately lead to folliculitis.
It is best to brush your pet regularly using a brush or furminator (for breeds with undercoat). Such a simple procedure will allow you to collect already dead hairs even before they get on furniture and clothes. Combing in the spring and fall is also important to prevent mats. The fact is that in breeds prone to felting (Caucasian Shepherd Dogs, Afghan Hounds), the undercoat and guard hair cannot completely fall out without assistance. If you ignore seasonal grooming, then the matted mats will have to be trimmed or shaved off, which will not only lead to an unaesthetic appearance, but can also provoke folliculitis.
If the pet is very afraid of combing, then it is recommended to use special gloves for caring for the pet (especially for breeds with a small undercoat and thick coat). Gloves will help remove dead hairs, but will be useless in untangling tangles.
Interesting to know! Brushing out will additionally help spread natural sebum throughout the entire surface. Ultimately, your dog’s coat will acquire a healthy sheen and shine.
Some owners prefer to periodically take their pets to a professional groomer, because some breeds also require seasonal haircuts. Systematic bathing of the pet is equally important. A special shampoo will help unravel the mats and slightly speed up the shedding process.
How many times a year does a dog shed?
In fact, cyclic hair loss is the absolute norm. Shedding is part of the natural life cycle of the hair shaft. The growth rate of wool and the frequency of its loss depends on:
- hormonal levels;
- the state of the environment;
- general health.
These same elements are responsible for hair length and texture, although genetics are the predominant factor. So, for example, in breeds with constantly growing wool (poodles, Yorkshire terriers), dead hairs fall out throughout the year, and not just before the winter and summer seasons, so molting is practically not observed. But labradors, huskies and other breeds with a thick undercoat shed purely according to the schedule (in the absence of deviations).
Almost all healthy dogs molt twice a year: in spring and autumn. Most breeds have both an undercoat and a coat. Along with the first rise in temperature in spring, active undercoat loss begins. And with the onset of the autumn cold snap, a thin, burnt out over the summer coat will fall out and a thick, warm undercoat will grow.
But not all rock types react the same to temperature changes. For example, in the Bichon and Shih Tzu breeds, the undercoat is practically absent. To prepare the animal for the change of season, you will have to contact the groomer for help, or do the combing yourself. Owners of hard, thick undercoats (Malamutes, Newfoundlands) tolerate spring molt very hard, because if the bulk of the undercoat does not fall out, the animal may not survive too hot summer.
The dog sheds heavily: what to do
All dogs shed (except for hairless breeds). Lost wool settles on clothes, furniture and even gets into food. Therefore, the question “what to do if the dog sheds heavily?” one of the three most popular questions asked by groomers and veterinarians.
Why does a dog shed heavily all year round?
As mentioned above, the speed and frequency of hair loss can also be affected by deviations in the pet’s health. If the dog sheds very much throughout the year, then you need to make an appointment with the veterinarian. The reasons for the dog shedding a lot can be:
- dermatological problems;
- endocrine diseases;
- nutritional deficiencies;
- lack of vitamins;
Bitches may shed during pregnancy and nursing.
In order to figure out what to do if the dog sheds very much, the doctor will take scrapings and do a blood test. The owners of those pets in which the hair falls out in clumps, and the resulting bald patches do not overgrow for a long time, should be especially wary. So, for example, fungal and bacterial infections provoke not only the loss of the undercoat, but also itching.
Active molt in the summer is most often provoked by a flea invasion, or allergy to pollen, external antiparasitic drugs. Less commonly, sunburn is the cause of local hair loss in summer. Breeds especially prone to this problem: Chinese Crested, Pug, Bull Terrier.
If, in addition to the loss of guard hairs, the pet has dandruff, red spots on bald areas, then it is likely that it is necessary to balance the diet. But the biggest problem that causes a dog to shed all year round may be adrenal swelling. What to do in this case is decided only by the veterinarian, based on the results of diagnostic tests.
What kind of food is needed?
If the owner categorically does not accept pharmacy supplements, it is recommended to introduce foods rich in Omega fatty acids into the dog’s diet: fish oil, seafood, eggs. Of course, such a diet is not cheap, but in the end it will be possible to notice that the pet has a dense shiny coat, and the skin has become soft and even moisturized. In addition, fatty acids will help prevent seasonal infections, slow down the growth of bacteria, and protect the animal’s body from the action of various pathogens.
We must not forget about regular health checks of the pet in the veterinary clinic. Only a veterinarian will be able to determine if molt is proceeding normally, as well as to identify the disease that provoked abnormal hair loss at an early stage.
You can also ask a question to the in-house veterinarian of our website, who will answer them as soon as possible in the comment box below.