How to properly feed a Labrador puppy at home from birth to one year?
After birth, the puppy should suckle the mother for up to four weeks, as it is fully supplied with all nutrients.
The puppy is 1-2 months old, how many times a day to feed the Labrador? He is often fed 5-7 times a day. Food volume per day 300. 350 grams.
At 3-4 months, food is reduced to 4-5 meals, the amount of it should be about 400 grams.
After 5 months, how many times to feed a Labrador puppy? From five months to a year, a pet needs to be fed 3 times a day in the amount of 500 grams (remove lunch and afternoon tea, including this food in breakfast and dinner).
After a year. 2 times a day, and by the amount of 1 kg of food.
How to feed a labrador puppy at 1, 2, 3 months at home?
If a puppy appeared in your house immediately after weaning from its mother, then how to feed the Labrador Retriever? You can choose your own feeding option.
At first, babies are fed with liquid cereals and dry food, which is soaked in kefir or natural yogurt. But try not to keep the baby exclusively on dry food.
The puppy is put food in a bowl and removed after 15 minutes. If he didn’t finish it, then it was an excess of food.
There should be breaks between feedings. the puppy should not constantly run to the bowl in which the food remains.
In addition, puppies are fed the following foods:
- Fish (seafood). boiled and deboned;
- Cereals. rice, buckwheat, oatmeal (with the addition of a few drops of vegetable oil);
- Carrots, cabbage, zucchini, cucumbers, pumpkin, potatoes (raw, no more than 1 piece per week), turnips, beets (a little). All vegetables are grated.
- Dairy products. kefir, natural yogurt, cottage cheese;
- 1 boiled egg per week or raw yolk;
- Vitamins prescribed by a veterinarian.
- Calcium, which can be given in the form of ready-made additives, or dry the shell in the oven, grind and add the resulting powder to cereals and yogurt (kefir);
- Finely chopped fresh herbs (salad, dill, parsley). add to cereals;
- Water. during the day you need to renew the water in the bowl.
How often to feed an adult retriever?
An adult dog is fed twice a day. Morning and evening portions should be approximately equal in size.
Ideally, feed at the same time.
Like any living thing, a dog should eat regularly. If the animal refuses to eat for 24. 36 hours (2-3 meals), then urgently take the Labrador to the veterinarian.
It is worth paying attention to other symptoms that indicate that the animal has problems: refusal to drink water, vomiting, diarrhea, foam at the mouth, lethargy, snot, constipation, fever, causeless pain syndrome.
Raising a Labrador strong and strong is within the power of anyone who has this dog.
What natural food should include
How to feed a natural Labrador if your dog doesn’t like raw meat? In this case, you need to give boiled or steamed meat. It is important and necessary to give sinewy pieces of meat so that the pet chews them.
The offal must be cooked thoroughly and for a long time. The stomach (tripe) is given to the dog raw. it is very healthy and is a delicacy from offal.
Natural food must be freshly prepared. It can be from the refrigerator (no more than two days) and warmed up.
- Sausage, sausages;
- Smoked products, fried foods;
- Sweet, salty, hot spices;
- Pasta and legumes;
- Lamb with fat, pork;
- Bones. The dog may choke on or swallow a sharp bone, causing the intestine to rupture.
- Milk (in adult dogs, it causes diarrhea);
- Baking (causes bloating).
Food for a Labrador, essential foods in the diet:
- Meat (beef, veal, lamb (remove fat), horse meat, rabbit, turkey);
- Liver, kidneys, heart, stomach;
- Vegetables (carrots, pumpkin, cauliflower, beets, zucchini, turnips);
- 1 raw potato per week
- Fruits. apples, pears, apricots;
- Fresh herbs, spinach, lettuce, onions, garlic;
- Dairy products (kefir, sour cream, cottage cheese, yogurt);
- Vegetable oil (plain, flaxseed or olive);
- Fish (seafood, boiled, deboned);
- Groats (buckwheat, rice, oat);
- Cartilaginous bones;
- Eggs (once a week. in the form of an omelet or boil);
- Water (always keep it fresh).
How to feed your Labrador at home?
How to feed an adult Labrador, in his diet you need to adhere to the correct ratio of the protein component, fats and carbohydrates: 50% of animal proteins, 30% of complex carbohydrates (porridge) and 20% are fruits and vegetables.
On average, what you can feed a Labrador a day: 400-450 gr. Meat, 250-300 gr. Porridge and 200 gr. Vegetables and fruits. Total approximately one kilogram of feed per day.
Depending on the weight of the Labrador, the dose is increased or decreased.
How and what to feed a Labrador at home?
The type of dog called retrievers combines six breeds. Among them there are very popular breeds. Golden Retriever and Labrador.
These animals are born hunters. They have an excellent sense of smell, soft jaw and docile nature. On the hunt, they work in tandem with a cop: while the first one discovers game, the second brings the owner shot prey without biting it.
A feature of the breed is its craving for gluttony. they are ready to eat any amount of food. Also, this breed of dog is prone to obesity. Therefore, Labradors need long walks (in parks, squares, in the forest) and active games.
One of the most important elements of keeping any pet, let alone such a large animal, is nutrition.
When asked what is the best way to feed a Labrador? The answer is unequivocal. meat is the basis of any dog’s nutrition.
What food to feed the Labrador?
For all breeds of dogs, there are 3 options for feeding patterns:
- Natural food. food is cooked or served raw. It includes different types of meat, fish, cereals, vegetables. It is important to give such food in the right proportions so that there is no deficiency or excess of vitamins. The disadvantage of such food is that you need to cook often. Food should not be refrigerated for long. Do not give stale food.
- Dry food. Provide your dog with the right amount of calories and vitamins. Such food is prescribed by a veterinarian.
- Mixed food option. when the dog is given dry food, but natural food is used as additives and feeding. This type of food is recommended by dog breeders. For example, give dry food in the morning, natural food in the evening.
How to feed a puppy from 1 month to 1 year
The appearance of a small puppy in the house is a great joy. He brings a bunch of worries that are initially enjoyable. The main indicator that should be taken care of is proper nutrition of the baby, because the adequate development of all organs and systems depends on how he eats for the first year, therefore, the first year the diet is saturated with vitamins, microelements, additives, etc.
Consideration should be given to dietary changes based on the age and physical condition of the puppy. The nutrition must be changed if the baby is sick, after vaccination or treatment with prophylactic agents against parasites.
The main thing in this question is:
- Feeding frequency. Small puppies need to eat very often up to eight times a day, older ones less often up to two.
- The diet, the animal must know and get used to when it eats, when it walks and when it plays. Not only the upbringing of the pet, but also its health depends on the regularity of compliance.
- The amount of food. It should be enough, overeating is as dangerous as malnutrition. If the pet has a distended stomach, and the digestive system is regularly overloaded, then there is a high probability of diarrhea, pancreatitis, gastritis or subsequent obesity.
Immediately after weaning from the bitch, puppies are additionally given fish oil, starting with 3-5 drops, then the rate gradually increases to 1 teaspoonful, and later. 1-2 tablespoons a day.
If the puppies have an upset stomach, then the fish oil is canceled and given again after stool normalization, starting with a few drops.
If everything is in order, the dose is gradually increased to the indicated one. It is also necessary to give puppies minerals (mainly. Bone meal and salt).
In addition to the main diet, puppies and young dogs are given mineral supplements:
- Calcium glycerophosphate: 20 tablets
- Phytin: 20 tablets
- School chalk: 3 tablespoons
- Brewer’s yeast: 1 box
- Activated carbon: 10 tablets
- Bone meal: 20 tablespoons
- Calcium gluconate: 3-5 to 8-10 tablets per day (but no more!)
What to feed your puppy
To begin with, it is worth deciding whether you are going to feed your puppy only natural products and cook it yourself, or prefer ready-made puppy food. If the second option is preferable for you, then it is worth considering that there are ready-made food for puppies from 0 to 2 months and food for puppies older than two months. It is necessary to introduce dry food gradually, introducing it first into the dog’s diet, slightly and gradually increasing the dose. As for the manufacturer, then it is worth choosing feed “super premium class”, such as Acana, Royal Canin, Hills and others. Well, do not forget that the puppy should always have fresh water available.
Which option to choose. This is a matter of eternal controversy. We are advocates of ready-to-eat dog foods that balance all the nutrients your little one needs. But, in order not to be unfounded, below are twos with interviews from breeders and their opinion on the way puppies are fed. By the way, there they talk not only about feed, but also about their own food.
The first is about feeding the puppies:
The second tells in detail how to introduce ready-made food into the puppy’s diet:
As an example, here is the daily feeding schedule and diet for a 1-2 month old puppy of medium breeds:
- 7:00. 200 ml of boiled or sour milk (kefir, yogurt).
- 10:30. Oat flakes “Hercules”, steamed with milk, or milk porridge. About 200 ml.
- 14:00. Curd. 100 g.
- 17:00. Flakes “Hercules”, steamed with meat broth. 200 g.
- 20:30. Vegetable puree with a few drops of sunflower oil.
- 23:30. Meat, chopped into small pieces, or minced meat. 100-150 g.
If you need to leave, and it is time to feed for 1-2 feedings, leave more meat, cheese in small pieces in the bowl and pour fresh water into the drinking bowl. Although it is not recommended to leave a small puppy alone for a long time.
A good effect is given by the addition of seaweed (pre-chopped):
- 1-2 month old puppies. 1/4 teaspoon
- 2-3 month old puppies. 1/3 teaspoon
- 3-4 month old puppies. 1/2 teaspoon
- Adult dogs. Up to 1 teaspoon per day.
Minced fish and meat are poorly assimilated by dogs, therefore it is better to teach puppies to eat meat in the form of finely chopped and beaten pieces from the age of one month.
Make sure that the puppy does not overeat: food should be eaten “close”. However, if after eating the puppy behaves restlessly, whines, continues to lick the bowl. The portion should be increased. If the puppy’s belly swells a lot after feeding, reduce the amount of servings, but increase the number of feedings.
Large breed puppies with a powerful heavy bone during growth need to enrich their diet with proteins. For puppies of dogs, which are planned to be engaged in heavy (including. Combat) work, provide food with raw meat products and fresh beef and lamb blood from the slaughterhouse (if possible) or drugs such as hematogen.
Adult dogs of medium size, not engaged in the use of body work, can be fed with leftover food from the table, avoiding fish and bird bones, spices, too sweet, salty or overcooked food.
Bones can be given to dogs with the exception of avian, thin tubular and fish bones. You can also not give bones with fragments. They hurt the mouth and can get stuck in the throat of the animal. Bird bones should be cut with pruning shears and given to the dog soft articular ends without touching the tubular part (it should be thrown away, excluding the dog’s access to such waste). Remember. Tubular bird bones, when gnawed, split into thin and sharp plates, which can not only lead to serious injury, but even death of the dog!
The beneficial substances found in fish bones can also be used. For example, the large bones of the ridge, separated from the small and thin ones, can be passed through a meat grinder and, after making sure that there are no needles, given to the dog as a feeding. Softened fish bones, canned or cooked in a pressure cooker, can be given to your dog without fear. All bones are best served raw, not boiled.
How many times a day to feed the puppy
How often to feed your puppy. Depends on his age. In short, the older the puppy, the less frequent the feeding.
- At the age of 2 to 3 months, puppies are fed 6 times a day. It is advisable to include meat in the last dacha.
- At 2-3 months of age, puppies are fed 5 times a day.
- At 3-4 months of age. 4 times.
- At 4-10 months of age. 3 times.
- From 10 months. 2 times.
- Adult dogs, especially in the hot season, are fed once a day. In the evening.
What temperature should the food be
If you cook yourself, the temperature of the food must be tightly controlled, especially for use dogs. There is a danger “brew” scent and generally cause serious injury to the dog. the food should not be cold or hot, but slightly warm. Such that your hand can easily endure its temperature.
How to feed your puppy
It is advisable to feed the dog in a strictly defined place, from the same dishes. Bowls (cisterns) with a capacity of about 2 liters (for medium dogs), made of food grade aluminum or plastic. The base of the bowl should be wide so that it cannot tip over. For tall dogs, it is advisable to provide a special bench. Find convenient dishes here: Bowls and drinkers for dogs.
From time to time you need to feed the dog, holding a bowl of food in your hands: the dog should not be jealous of the owner of the food. However, one should not accustom oneself to exclusive hand feeding. Observing measure, from the very first days, the owner, as well as those family members who have to feed the dog, need to regularly intervene in the feeding process, ensuring that the dog, on demand, gives the person even the most delicious piece or bone. This is necessary so that if it becomes necessary to take away from your pet a dangerous thing, object or spoiled product that unexpectedly fell into a bowl or mouth.
This is done like this: during feeding, the command is given: “Fu! Give!” with the addition of the dog’s nickname. Then a piece is selected, and instead of it, a new, much more delicious one is immediately offered (sausage or cheese, for example). Quite quickly, the dog will develop a conditioned reflex and he will willingly throw any piece in the hope of getting something even more tasty. But remember: the conditioned reflex must be regularly reinforced, otherwise it will fade away and the dog will not obey. And one more thing: do not try to develop this skill in an adult dog with a predominant feeding reaction. You may be bitten! You need to start developing this skill only from puppyhood.!
The dog should be fed when all family members have either already eaten or have not yet sat down at the table. Never feed the dog from the table. A cute puppy, tenderly begging for pieces. This is one thing, and an insolent adult dog, and even large in size, which crawls on the table with its muzzle, pushes everyone with its paws, demanding treats, caresses and drooling throughout the kitchen. Completely different. It is better to put the leftover food from the table in a separate bowl and, after disassembling (removing unnecessary), give to the dog, adding to its main food.
If you feed the dog only leftovers from the table, mix the selected food waste into a homogeneous mass, add warm water or warm soup, crumble some delicacy (leftover sausage, pieces of canned fish and the rest of the filling from such canned food, etc.) and put in a bowl.
Do not give your dog sausage and sausage casings, cheese crusts (this is paraffin. It is not poisonous, but it is not needed in the body), do not mix the remains of the first and second courses with tea and sweet residues in the dog’s bowl. Never feed your dog sweets or chewing gum! Do not give your dog concentrated juices or drinks. Keep hazardous food waste and harmful substances out of reach.
To enrich the vitamin gamut of nutrition, dogs should be given more raw meat and fish (but only sea, not river. From the latter, infection with worms is possible!)
Of the other protein foods, the most important are dairy products and cottage cheese. over, even fermented milk is preferable from dairy products, because from fresh milk a puppy can weaken. Puppies should be given calcified cottage cheese (this is the main source of easily absorbed calcium).
Recipe for self-cooking soda ash
Add 2 tablespoons of 10% calcium chloride to 1 liter of boiling milk, drain the curdled cottage cheese in a colander, cool and give to the puppy. The leftover whey can also be fed to the puppy or used to make cereals. With calcined cottage cheese, ordinary, fatty alternates. And from the age of six months you can switch exclusively to fatty cottage cheese or cottage cheese with honey.
Once or twice a week, give your puppy a clove of finely chopped garlic hidden in a piece of butter. Garlic. Vitamin-rich product and excellent anthelmintic (antihelminthic) natural remedy.
The feeding time for the dog should take 10-15 minutes, after which the feeder is removed, thoroughly washed with hot water and dried. Least food (with the exception of bones) is not left to the dog.
If the dog refuses to feed. This is the first signal of a possible illness. In case of repeated refusal, you need to think about contacting a veterinarian.
Feeding the puppies. General recommendations
Feeding newborn puppies
How to feed your puppy
The diet of puppies of different types of breeds
How many times to feed a puppy 3 months
The number of feedings can already be reduced from five to four times a day. For example, the feeding schedule will be like this: at 7:00, at 12:00, at 17:00 and at 22:00.
“Don’t you feed me? Then here’s to you! “. thought Sydney and dealt with the hostess’s slipper.
What can you feed your puppy
The list of food items depends on the age of the pet. To summarize: a month-old puppy can goat’s milk, cow’s milk with the addition of an egg and a white loaf, a little low-fat cottage cheese. At 1.5 months, minced meat, cereal porridge (in milk or with minced meat and boiled vegetables) are added to these products, and after 2 months of age, sea fish is already added (to make meatballs from it). After four months, the baby can already do almost everything, the main thing is natural (not fried, salty). But about what you can’t feed your puppy below, be sure to check out the list of unwanted foods.
How many times to feed a month old puppy
After reaching the age of 1 month, the number of feedings of the puppy should be reduced to six times a day. For example, a feeding schedule would look like this:
- At 7:00. cottage cheese or oatmeal in milk;
- At 10:00. porridge with meat and vegetables;
- At 13:00. milk;
- At 16:00. porridge with meat and vegetables;
- 19:00. porridge with milk or milk;
- At 22:00. meat.
The time schedule may fluctuate, but at the end of the day it is better to give meat, so the puppy will sleep better and go to the toilet less. By the way, change the cereal for porridge from time to time, and the baby’s night sleep should last at least 6 hours.
The little Rottweiler just ate the curd. Photo teas Smith.
How to feed a month old puppy
At such a young age, the animal can still feed on mother’s milk, but the diet available to it is already expanding significantly. The main food for a month old puppy is milk (best of all, goat milk, it is almost like a dog’s in composition). If you give the baby cow’s milk, then you can add a raw egg (only one fourth of the egg). At 1 month old, the puppy can already have low-fat cottage cheese, about 20 g per day.
What you can’t feed a month-old puppy is fish in any form. But the meat should already begin to be given, but only in the form of minced meat and quite a bit (first, half a teaspoon per day, after a few days the portion should be doubled, then twice more. At the age of 1 month, the puppy can be given vegetables (only boiled and mashed and in small quantities).
How to feed a puppy 1.5 months
First of all, a 1.5 month old puppy can be fed with everything already listed above for a month old baby. These are minced meat, various cereals (rice, semolina, crushed oatmeal), boiled vegetables, mashed. Also, the doggie can already be given fresh raw liver in small portions (source of iron and vitamins). Food should be given warmed up (up to about 40 degrees) so that it is neither cold nor hot. Food should always be fresh, you cannot cook one porridge and then feed it for several days.
How and what to feed your puppy?
What you can’t feed your puppy
We already know how to feed a puppy, but you should also know what you can not feed a puppy. There are not so many junk foods, so they are easy to remember. These include:
- Raw river fish and raw chicken;
- Sausage, hot dogs, hard bones;
- Everything smoked and salted, also pickled;
- Roasted beef and pork;
- Sweet (candy, cake, etc.);
- Anything with spices;
- Anything with ketchup or mayonnaise (salads from the table).
In general, the food for the puppy should be as natural as possible. Remember, proper nutrition will save your pet from many digestive problems, and although we have already described how to treat diarrhea in dogs, it is better to prevent it. Only by proper feeding can you grow from a small puppy into a completely healthy and strong dog.
What to feed your puppy
When a small pet appears in the house, the question arises, how to feed the puppy? In this article, the site “Give Lapu” will not only tell you what you can and what you can not feed the puppy, but also give recommendations on how to feed the puppy correctly, how much to feed him. All this is divided into different age categories, because the list of foods available for nutrition for dogs expands as the pet grows up.
In addition to natural nutrition, ready-made food will also be mentioned (from what age you can give dry food to a puppy, which brands are better to choose).
How many times to feed the puppy
At different ages, the number of feedings is different. How many times to feed the puppy in 1 month, 2 months, etc. See the table below. The feeding schedule is approximate, it can be slightly adjusted for yourself (for convenience).
|Up to 2 months||6 times a day||At 7:00, 10:00, 13:00, 16:00, 19:00, 22:00|
|2 to 3 months||5 times a day||At 7:00, 10:00, 14:00, 18:00, 22:00|
|3 to 4 months||4 times a day||At 7:00, 12:00, 17:00, 22:00|
|4 to 6 months||3-4 times a day||At 7:00, 12:00, 17:00, 22:00|
|6 to 10 months||3 times a day||At 7:00, 13:00, 21:00|
|From 10 months||2 times a day||At 7:00, 21:00|
Puppy feeding technique
The puppy should have two bowls: for food and for water.
A bowl of water must always be available for the puppy, and the water in it must be clean and fresh, it is imperative to change the water every day, it does not matter if there is water in it or not.
The food bowl must also be kept clean. Every time after the puppy has eaten, the leftovers from the bowl are removed, and the bowl is washed and wiped dry.
Don’t leave food in a bowl! If the puppy does not eat everything that you offer him, then you need to reduce the portion.
A very young puppy needs to be shown where his bowl is.
It is better to buy a special bowl with rubberized pads on its bottom. such models of bowls for dogs are very stable, and the puppy will not get dirty by turning the bowl with his food.
How to tell if your puppy has enough food?
If the puppy does not eat the suggested portion, it should be slightly reduced.
If the puppy is thoroughly licking the bowl and picking up all the crumbs scattered around, you can slightly increase the dose of food. But be careful not to overfeed! Obesity is as detrimental to a puppy as chronic malnutrition.
The best indicator of the correct feeding and the optimal portion chosen is the appearance of the puppy. Glossy coat, strong paws, normally developing teeth, clean eyes, active behavior. these indicate that the puppy is getting everything he needs.
How many times a day should a puppy be fed?
A puppy about 1 month old should be fed 6-7 times a day. A 10 month old puppy can be fed like an adult dog 2 times a day.
The optimal time for your first feed is around 7 am. It is better to plan the last feeding in the period from 19-22 hours, and, the smaller the puppy, the later it should receive the last feed. Then he will sleep harder and more calmly.
An approximate feeding schedule for puppies of different ages looks like this:
1-2 months. 6-7 times (7-00, 10-00, 13-00, 16-00, 19-00, 22-00)
2-4 months. 5 times (7-00, 10-00, 14-00, 18-00, 22-00)
4-6 months. 4 times (7-00, 12-00, 17-00, 21-00)
6-10 months. 3 times (7-00, 14-00, 20-00)
From 10-12 months. 2 times (7-00, 19-00).
How to cook food for your puppy?
Natural dog food is a porridge that contains approximately the same proportions: meat, cereals and vegetables.
For a puppy under one year old, it is desirable to increase the meat up to 40-50%. The best option for the puppy is veal, beef, chicken, and other lean meats. It is better not to give pork to a dog for food. it is not only too fatty, but it can also contain the plague virus. a viral disease that can also be transmitted to dogs. Therefore, raw pork should not be given.!
Meat can be cooked with porridge, or you can put it in porridge at the end of cooking or feed it raw, sprinkling it with boiling water. Meat offal (tripe, kidney, liver, lungs) should be given only boiled, while it is necessary to increase their amount by one and a half to two times, because the nutritional value of offal is much lower than that of meat.
Raw and boiled meat is given cut into pieces, but minced meat does not need to be given. it is less digestible this way.
The most preferred cereals are rice and buckwheat.
Vegetables can be fed to the dog both raw and boiled. Cabbage must be boiled or stewed, the rest of the vegetables are best given raw.
Very useful for the puppy and dairy products, namely, fermented milk products. kefir, fermented baked milk, sourdough. An excellent protein substitute for meat can be cottage cheese, better homemade.
If you prefer feeding dry food, choose food that is appropriate for your puppy’s age and size. To a very small puppy (from 3 weeks to one and a half months, it is better to give dry food slightly soaked in water or kefir).
It is better not to save on dry food. cheap dry food contains low-quality ingredients, dyes, artificial preservatives. Regular consumption of such food can provoke health problems for the dog in the future.
Be sure to read this article. it contains information about foods that are forbidden to feed your dog.
Feeding a puppy from 1 month to a year: what to feed, when to feed and how much food to feed the puppy
Proper feeding is the most important condition for the normal development of any living organism.
How to feed your puppy so that your pet gets all the nutrients it needs with food and grows healthy?
The site about dogs VashaSobaka.com.Ua has prepared this article to help all pet owners.
Site about dogs. What to feed your puppy: healthy and dangerous foods for dogs
What can you feed your puppy??
In general, a puppy should receive everything that an adult dog eats. With one amendment. during the period of active growth, the puppy needs more vitamins and minerals.
How to take into account and satisfy this need?
If you feed your puppy “natural”, be sure to add vitamin and mineral preparations to the prepared food. The veterinary clinic will help you to choose the right type of such feedings and their dosage for your puppy.
Feeding your puppy in the early days in your home
When taking a puppy from a breeder (from a shelter, home overexposure. it doesn’t matter), be sure to ask what kind of nutrition the puppy is accustomed to.
Moving and adapting to a new place is in itself a lot of stress for the baby, so you should not aggravate the situation by drastically changing the puppy’s diet.
Feed the puppy for at least a week as it was fed in the kennel, without adding any new products.
If the puppy was fed dry food, buy a small amount of this particular food. even switching to another brand of food can provoke digestive upsets.
Begin to transfer the puppy to the type of food that you are going to adhere to, gradually, for example, replacing first one feeding a day, then the second, and so on, until you completely transfer it to the new diet.
Be sure to closely monitor your puppy’s reaction to a new type of food. If the transition to a new type of food is accompanied by diarrhea, constipation, the appearance of allergic reactions, show the puppy to the veterinarian. This does not mean that the baby has any health problems. perhaps it is a matter of individual intolerance. Your veterinarian will help you find the best nutritional option.
An example of a daily diet for a puppy from 1 to 3 months
7-00. cottage cheese with kefir
10-00. porridge with meat and vegetables
13-00. porridge with meat and vegetables
16-00. cottage cheese with kefir
19-00. porridge with meat and vegetables
22-00. porridge with increased m of meat or one meat.
How many times a day to feed the puppy. Healthy eating rules
The commonplace phrases about great responsibility for pets do not lose their relevance, however, they no longer make the proper impression on future owners. When deciding to purchase a puppy, many breeders do not even realize how important the care and proper nutrition of the dog is. To feed a dog exclusively porridge “on the bones” or “from the table” is like harming your health believing in the benefits of drugs, but a person can ask for help, and animals suffer in silence. Raising a healthy and full-fledged pet is not only a responsibility, it will take a lot of time, patience, moral and financial costs. There are two fundamental foundations. nutrition and upbringing, let’s figure out the first of them. how many times a day to feed a puppy and how to choose the right diet to raise a healthy dog.
Daily rate and frequency of feeding puppies
After the initial adaptation period, start building a feeding and walking schedule. How many times a day to feed a monthly puppy depends on the needs and appetite, treat it like a child. asks to eat 10 times a day, a teaspoon. feed and endure, 10-15 days and the pet will “enter the regime.” However, there are canine norms, it does not matter whether the pet eats natural or dry food, the number of feedings depends on age:
- 1-2 months: 5-6 feedings.
- 2-3 months: 4-5 feedings.
- 3-4 months: 4-3 feedings.
- 4-6 months: 3-2 feedings.
- After 7 months. 2 feedings.
The calculation of the weight of the pet’s daily norm is carried out taking into account the norms of consumption of the breed in adulthood. We add the required amount of percent to the daily norm of an adult dog and divide it into portions:
- 10-15% aged 1 to 3 months.
- 20-30% aged 3 to 5 months.
- 40-50% aged 5 to 12 months.
There are good reasons for debate about the choice of feeding method. It is quite difficult to compose a full-fledged natural diet; food additives and vitamins are required. Feeding exclusively dry food requires adherence to a number of rules and considerable financial costs, however, there are reasons when the measure is forced:
- Allergic dog.
- Hereditary tendencies to disease.
- Congenital metabolic disorder or vitamin absorption.
- Lack of opportunity to feed the dog with fully natural products.
How many times a day to feed a puppy with dry food depends on the calorie content and enrichment of the product. Usually, the package contains the daily allowances for large, medium and small dogs. Next, you need to focus on the saturation of the dog. Keep in mind that dry food expands after it enters the stomach. Make sure that the pet always has a bowl of water available and do not rush to add the “additive”, wait 5-15 minutes, if the dog has calmed down. the portion is calculated correctly.
How to feed your puppy after purchase
Most often, the optimal age for transferring a puppy from a breeder to a future owner depends on the breed, more precisely, on the dog’s ability to eat “adult” food. Traditionally, the more “versatile” the breed is, the sooner the puppy is ready to move to a new family. A German shepherd puppy is purchased at the age of 1 month, decorative and small breeds are put up for sale by 2–3 months of age.
Be sure to find out what, how often and to what extent the breeders fed the puppy, moving to a new house is a strong stress for the dog and you should not complicate the experience with unusual food. The first 7 days we do not change anything, even if the puppy was fed with commercial food not of premium quality. After adaptation, gradually, in small portions, we will allow the introduction of new products.
Do not forget to teach the animal to eat vegetables from early childhood, if the dog asks, give fruit. Offer your pet different foods. a slice of apple or a slice of raw carrots may be favorite treats. Puppies of Husky, German Shepherd and other medium-sized service breeds are most often “omnivorous”. Avoid overly sweet, spicy, salty, fatty foods and citrus fruits.
Natural feeding, how to create a complete diet for your puppy
Adherents of natural feeding do not always realize how difficult it is to correctly formulate a dog’s diet. It would seem that feeding a puppy with meat, eggs and dairy products is a guarantee of health and full development, but this is far from the truth.
Natural feeding means:
There are a number of foods that are not absorbed by the dog’s body, which can lead to health problems, injure the organs of the digestive system, and also reduce the level of absorption of nutrients. The Spitz should never be fed:
- Fatty meats. pork and lamb (they are poorly digested and lead to obesity);
- Milk (the Spitz’s body lacks lactose. an enzyme that is responsible for the digestion of milk);
- Legumes (they impair the absorption of vitamin D, which is necessary for the normal development of the skeleton);
- Bones (they can damage the esophagus and stomach);
- Smoked and boiled sausage, sausages;
- Smoked and salted fish;
- Spices and seasonings;
- Any fried, pickled and spicy food;
- Sweet (flour products, chocolate, sugar, sweets, etc.);
- Pearl barley, semolina and millet;
- Any food with high preservatives and artificial colors.
- Expired products.
How often to feed your Spitz?
It depends on his age:
- A puppy aged 1-2 months must be fed 6 times a day;
- 2-3 months. 5 times a day;
- At 3-6 months. 3-4 times a day;
- At 6-8 months. 2-3 times a day;
- An adult Spitz (from 8 months) should be fed 2 times a day.
The portion that is consumed by the dog is purely individual and depends not only on the level of physical activity and the size of the dog, but also on the characteristics and condition of its body. Determining the amount of food to feed your Spitz at a time is easy. If after eating food in the bowl there are malnourishes, then the portion must be reduced. In no case should you leave uneaten food in the bowl until the next day. it must be removed immediately. If the dog licks the bowl for a long time and thoroughly after feeding, then the portion should be increased.
How to feed your puppy correctly?
At 2-3 months, Spitz puppies are still not allowed all those products that an adult dog can use. It is best to feed the puppy only low-fat boiled meat, steamed vegetables, buckwheat and rice, a small amount of cottage cheese with kefir, boiled yolk (1-2 pcs. A week). Also, in addition to meat, cartilage of goats and calves will be useful.
How to properly cook food for a Spitz?
Under no circumstances should meat be fried or stewed. Beef (lean) should be scalded with boiling water or given raw to older dogs. Turkey or chicken breast must be boiled and skinned.
As for fish, boil it and carefully remove all bones from it before giving it to the dog.
Eggs must be boiled, you can also give raw yolk.
By-products should be present in the Spitz’s diet in moderation, they should in no way serve as a substitute for meat, which is mandatory for dogs. This is especially true of the liver, which contains a large amount of minerals and vitamins. If you give too much of it, your dog may suffer from vitamin and mineral overdose diseases. It is not recommended to feed Spitz with raw offal, they must be boiled.
Vegetables can be steamed, greens can be raw.
The Spitz’s diet should consist of 2/3 of food containing protein (meat, cottage cheese, eggs, fish) and 1/3 of cereals, vegetables and fruits. All these components are prepared separately, they can be mixed directly during feeding.
Ideal menu for a spitz
When choosing a diet for a dog, several factors should be considered, such as the dog’s age, height, weight and level of exercise. However, there are rules that apply to the nutrition of a Spitz in any case.
What and how to feed a spitz to keep him healthy?
Spitz is a dog breed that belongs to the fourth section of the fifth group according to the classification of the International Cynological Federation. These dogs are direct descendants of the peat dog that lived in the Stone Age.
There are several varieties of Spitz, which differ in size and color:
- Wolfspitz. The color is gray. Height at the withers. 0.43-0.55 m;
- Grossspitz (Great Spitz). Reaches 0.42-0.5 m at the withers. Has a white, brown or gray color.
- Mittelspitz (Medium Spitz). Height at withers. 0.3-0.38 m.Color orange, gray, brown, black, white, etc.
- Kleinspitz (Small Spitz). Height at the withers. 0.23-0.29 m. The color is varied: from black, white, to orange, black, brown, etc.
- Miniature Spitz (Pomeranian, Miniature Spitz). Height at the withers. 0.18-0.22 m.Color orange, white, gray, brown, etc.
All Spitz, regardless of the species, have a lush coat with a very soft undercoat, they look like a Staffordshire Bull Terrier, of course we are joking)))). In terms of character, these dogs are very affectionate and friendly, which makes them ideal companions. Spitz are very quick-witted and easy to train, so they are great for beginner dog lovers. Plus, these dogs always get along well with children.
As for health, the Spitz, unlike other modern dog breeds, are less likely to suffer from congenital diseases and have practically no predisposition to any diseases. However, one of the most common problems is the tendency of these dogs to become obese, especially for the Kleinspitz and Miniature Spitz. And to avoid this, you need to carefully monitor the dog’s diet, as well as the level of its physical activity.
Foods that should be on the Spitz’s menu
For the full functioning of the body, the dog needs to receive proteins, carbohydrates, fats in moderation, as well as trace elements and other useful substances. And in order to provide a Spitz with all this, it is imperative to include the following products in his diet:
- Meat: lean beef, veal, lamb, turkey, chicken. It is the main source of proteins and trace elements.
- By-products: chicken or beef heart, veal or chicken liver, tripe (once a week). By-products are source of trace elements and vitamins, especially A (large amount in the liver).
- Eggs: chicken, quail (2 pcs. Per week). They are source of protein, vitamins D, E, A, B6, B2, B12, trace elements calcium, magnesium and iron.
- Sea fish, squid. Serve as the main source of essential amino acids, trace elements iodine, phosphorus, magnesium, fluorine, calcium, iron, vitamins D, E, A, B12, B6.
- Cottage cheese (fat content no more than 10%), kefir (fat-free). Contains calcium, potassium, iron, magnesium, manganese, zinc, phosphorus, copper, molybdenum, vitamins B2, B3, B1, B6, B12, B9, C, E. H, PP, as well as proteins.
- Greens: parsley, dill, spinach. Contains a large amount of vitamins PP, C, E, B2, B1, A, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, as well as folic acid and beta-carotene, which increase immunity and improve vision.
- Fruits: bananas, apples, apricots, melons, persimmons; dried fruits.
- Vegetable: carrots, beets, cabbage, pumpkin, zucchini.
- Olive oil (very small amount of vegetable salad dressing).
- Porridge: rice, buckwheat, rolled oats (no more than 10% of the daily diet).
The choice of dry food for spitz
All of the above rules apply to feeding the Spitz with natural products, but there is an alternative. feeding with dry food. The choice of feed must be approached very carefully, you must certainly read the composition.
What should be the composition of the feed:
- In the first place should be meat, its type and percentage must be indicated (at least 25%).
- Vegetables and cereal products should be present in an amount of up to 30%, it should be detailed which vegetables and cereals are present in the feed.
- Vitamins (the presence of vitamins A, D, C, E, PP, all from group B).
- Macro- and microelements (calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, potassium, iodine, etc.)
- Natural preservatives (herbal extracts and oils, vitamins C, E).
Only premium and super premium feed can meet this standard. Economy-class feeds usually contain artificial colors, flavors and preservatives, slaughterhouse waste (horns, hooves, etc.), fillers that do not have any nutritional value, but only clog the stomach and intestines (these are cellulose, shredded nutshells, etc.) t.D.). In no case should a Spitz be fed with such cheap and very harmful feed.
How to feed a shepherd puppy: the right diet
Strong bones, quick reaction, training for shows as “excellent”. these qualities are laid in your pet by his parents. What can you do to raise your future champion? Read How to Feed Your German Shepherd Puppy to Develop Its Best Breed Characteristics.
Two types of dog food: industrial food and organic food
You have decided to have a shepherd puppy. The first thing you do is ask the breeder about what to feed your baby. Ask the seller in detail about what the dog was fed before, how much milk it was given daily. It is important to find out at what time the baby received food, and what type of food was. industrial food or natural products.
Focus on the breeder’s answers and provide the pet in the new place with the exact same diet for the first two weeks. What is it for?
Any changes in the puppy’s life are stressful, including changes in nutrition. The gradual replacement of the usual milk and meat or dry food with the one of your choice will help the puppy to avoid stress.
Two weeks passed, the pet got used to a new place. it’s time to change the diet. Let’s take a look at the features of feeding dry food and natural products.
How to feed a German shepherd. Dry food
Your puppy has a predatory instinct. The wild beast tears apart its prey and swallows not only the meat of a hare or partridge, along with bones, but also the insides and contents of the stomach. Therefore, the diet of the predator contains meat, acorns, forest berries, grass and grain. Industrial pet food manufacturers formulate their products around these nutritional needs of your puppy.
All industrial feeds are conventionally divided into 4 classes depending on the source and quality of ingredients in the feed, the presence of vitamins and minerals, useful additives, as well as preservatives and dyes. The higher the class, the more expensive the feed.
- Economy class feed. Animal protein in such food is negligible or not at all. It is often replaced with animal fats or bone meal. The food attracts the dog only due to the flavoring. The dog does not gorge itself on cheap dry food and constantly demands food. Economy class feed has a high consumption.
- Premium food. It contains high quality ingredients, vitamins and nutrients, without preservatives, dyes and flavors. The main source of protein is real meat products. The vegetable protein is obtained here from corn. Stabilizers and preservatives approved by the European Economic Community are used in premium feed. For example citric acid and ethoxyquin.
- Super premium food. They include top quality products: lamb, turkey or Atlantic fish fillets, eggs as source of high biological value protein. Super Premium Food contains the best sources of fiber for your Shepherd Dog: beets, grains, rice. The manufacturer adds proteins, fats and carbohydrates to it from the primary ingredients and produces it on special equipment.
- Holistic class food. The composition contains environmentally friendly ingredients. For example, fillet of lamb or salmon. The manufacturer did not skimp on the inclusion of fruits, vegetables and dietary supplements. Holistic food is a real healthy diet, as close as possible to the natural diet of a shepherd.
The main advantage of industrial dog food is that it saves you time. You don’t waste time cooking. You use a ready-made diet, thought out by the manufacturer in terms of composition. The daily serving size and how many times a day to feed your German Shepherd, the manufacturer has already indicated on the package. Included in expensive high-quality feed vitamins, ensured the balance of micro- and macroelements.
You select the diet suitable for your shepherd and use it constantly. the dog does not need variety.