What can not be fed
We have highlighted the foods that should form the basis of the puppy’s diet. There are foods that are strictly prohibited from being added to his diet:
- sweets and sweet pastries, a loaf. The glucose in them will cause fermentation and gastrointestinal problems. obesity;
- salt and spices;
- tubular bones. Dangerous for their fragments, which can pierce the intestines;
- pork. which is the source of trichinosis, which is difficult to cure;
- cabbage and legumes;
- whole milk;
- River fish;
- raw chicken;
- boiled potatoes;
- sausages and anything that contains preservatives.
[content-aside] Any products from the master’s table that you really want to treat your baby with will have a detrimental effect on the puppy’s health. [/ content-aside]
How many times to feed
For each dog, upon reaching adulthood, the owner chooses his own diet. However, there are general rules regarding the frequency and timing of feeding:
- Feeding is done at the same time, by the hour. From the beginning of life, the feeding interval is 2 hours, with age it decreases gradually;
- Evening feeding is best done at about 11 pm and morning feeding at 6 am; the number of feedings per day will depend on age;
- If fed with natural food, the food should be at room temperature;
- It is unacceptable to mix dry food with natural food;
- If raw meat is given, it is best to freeze it for three days. Meat feeding is best done in the evening to help the puppy sleep better;
- Natural food is crushed and in consistency should be like thick sour cream; after feeding, you cannot physically load the baby;
- To avoid problems with the formation of the skeleton, feeding is carried out with a special adjustable stand, which “grows” together with the dog.
How to feed puppies monthly
The interval between feedings of puppies increases with age, but this should not be done artificially. You need to focus on the dog itself. Usually, the owner himself notices that by a certain age the baby misses one of the feedings.
Older than 4 months
During this period, the diet is revised. The share of meat products should be increased to 70%. Accordingly, the proportion of fermented milk products decreases. From the age of four months, it is allowed to give offal. Liver is especially good for puppies.
The amount of cereals and vegetables is left the same, but the amount of fish can be increased. Preference is given to marine species.
From 4 to 6 months, the puppy should eat four times, in the morning and in the evening and twice in the afternoon.
From 5 months it is worth slightly increasing the portion size, focusing on the dog itself.
If the owner plans to switch to dry food from natural food, it is better to start with six months.
You can already try to transfer a seven-month-old dog to three meals a day, that is, remove one day’s feeding. In any case, by the age of 10 months, he will have to eat three times a day.
From a year on, the dog should already switch to two meals a day. Note that in decorative breeds, transitions to less frequent feeding occur much faster than in large breeds.
Giants such as huskies, German shepherds. labradors. alabai. Cane Corso, Rottweilers, Samoyeds, Staffs, Pit Bulls, Akita Inu, Caucasian Shepherd Dogs, Asian Shepherd Dogs, in need of enhanced nutrition.
Such dogs have a pronounced muscle mass, often problems with joints and skeleton. Therefore, a small representative of a large breed must be provided with calcium, proteins, fiber.
The basis of a natural diet is meat and offal, cereals and boiled vegetables. You need to be very careful about the size of the portion, since overeating and a large weight of the puppy are problems with joints in an adult dog.
As for mongrel puppies, their diet should be approached from a growth perspective. If it is assumed that the baby will grow up as a serious dog, then the diet is as for a large breed dog.
How and what to feed a puppy from one month to a year
A growing body needs a clear regimen and a properly formulated diet. The nutrition during this period determines what kind of dog the tailed baby will become in the future. healthy and harmoniously developed, according to breed standards, or will acquire chronic health problems.
How to compose a puppy’s diet at home, depending on its age, which food to give preference to. we will consider in this article.
A feature of small breed dogs is their inherent pathology of the heart and blood vessels. Therefore, for puppies of toy terrier, dachshund, Yorkshire terrier, spitz, Chinese crested, Pekingese. Shih Tzu, Bichon Frize and other decorative breeds, it is necessary to additionally give complexes of vitamins and minerals.
The diet should not allow obesity, so lean meat should be the basis. You can not give frequent snacks and abuse delicacies. For example, the fluffy fur coat of the Pomeranian Spitz is useful for sea fish.
Nutrition should provide the need for calcium. cottage cheese and mineral complex supplements.
A two-month-old puppy can be fed five times a day, increasing the interval to 4 hours.
However, at this age, it is worth focusing on the baby’s appetite and weight gain. If necessary, at this age, you can still leave frequent feedings.
It is useful to mix cottage cheese with a small amount of whey. At this age, boiled fish can be added to lean meat, vegetables, porridge.
How to properly feed a 4 month old German Shepherd puppy
Feeding your German Shepherd puppy at 4 months is carried out in accordance with the general principles of dog care. The owner should determine a convenient and permanent place for the animals to eat. Food should be given on schedule, at the same time.
At four months, the body of the German Shepherd is still in a phase of intensive growth. During this period, the puppy’s molars erupt, the physique changes, the ears begin to rise. Home care should include thoughtful, balanced nutrition.
Meat is a significant item on the puppy’s menu. Boiled it is absorbed better, but cheese contains more useful elements, including B vitamins. Thermally processed meat should be no more than a quarter of the daily requirement.
- boiled poultry without bones;
- boiled boneless rabbit.
Meat for a four-month-old shepherd dog is cut into small pieces. Sugar beef and lamb bones are useful for the teeth and muscles of the jaws of a puppy. The treat is given out every 2 weeks. It is recommended to pre-scald the bone with boiling water.
Sugar bones can be started for jaw development at 4 months of age.
Broths are good for bones, joints and the proper functioning of the digestive system. The broth simmers over low heat for about 4 hours. Ready broth can be mixed with porridge, or used to soak biscuits and dry food.
Once a week, your pet should eat boiled fish instead of meat. The sea is better suited. A portion of fish should be 2 times the usual portion of meat.
From this age, offal is added to the puppy’s diet. Twice a week, they can be substituted for meat. The liver, spleen, kidneys and other insides should be pre-rinsed and scalded with boiling water. The daily portion of offal should be 1.5 times the standard meat.
When choosing food for a shepherd dog, you cannot rely on human habits. The dog is absolutely not worth feeding from the master’s table. Not all foods that are appetizing for a puppy are really suitable for him to eat.
Harmful and poorly digestible foods:
- pickled and canned;
- pork and other fatty meats;
- white loaf;
- semi-finished products for people.
The likelihood of individual intolerance to the body of any permitted product cannot be disregarded. The owner should focus primarily on the pet’s reaction and health.
An adult German Shepherd should be fed twice a day. From four months, the regimen can be brought closer to the final schedule and reduced meals to three per day. It is desirable that the interval between meals be no more than 8 hours. Do not feed the dog at night, so that it does not become a habit. Adjustment for the owner’s day regimen is acceptable.
Regardless of the owner’s decision how many times to feed the puppy, the amount of food per day is approximately 1 liter. This amount is evenly divided into 3-4 meals. Accordingly, a single serving for a puppy is 300-400 g. A bowl of food is left for twenty minutes, after which it must be removed.
The portion size is adjusted based on the pet’s behavior. If food remains in the bowl, the next portion will be reduced in size. If the shepherd after eating shows anxiety and interest in the bowl, it increases.
The daily diet of a puppy at 4 months should:
- 30% protein;
- include 20-25 g of fat;
- contain carbohydrates and fiber;
- be enriched with vitamins and useful elements.
Do not give your puppy hot and cold food. Warm food properly to room temperature New foods are introduced gradually, starting in small portions.
Vegetables and fruits
Vegetables for a growing body are an affordable source of fiber, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. They provide a variety and richness of nutrition for the puppy. Can be fed raw, mashed, or boiled and chopped. Fruits are high in vitamins and are a useful addition to the natural diet.
HOW TO FEED A DOG OR PUPPY CORRECTLY How many times a day you should feed your dog
A puppy should receive at least 150 grams of vegetables per day
For a shepherd at four months, apples and berries are useful. Many kids love raspberries and currants. Adding greens to food is acceptable.
Approximate menu for a puppy of 2 months
A menu for a puppy can be compiled based on the example given:
- 6:00. give any fermented milk product. It can be cottage cheese, yogurt or kefir.
- 10:00. porridge with vegetables and meat in meat or bone broth.
- 13:00. a piece of raw fish or meat. Choose what your pet likes best.
- 17:00. any fermented milk product, but not the one that was in the morning.
- 20:00. porridge with meat in vegetable broth.
- 23:00. fermented milk products with meat. Or one meat raw or scalded.
Experimenting is necessary to determine which foods your dog prefers. The food that the puppy refused is better to exclude from the diet. But if these are cottage cheese or vegetables that are required for full development, then you should try to give them again in a month. This will give the owner a list of foods that the dog loves. It will be enough to simply compose a menu for every day from them. The more varied the food is, the healthier the dog will be.
How to tell if your puppy is full
Caring owners worry about whether their pet is eating. It is not difficult to determine this. If he licks the bowl, then the portion is not enough for him. Add some food to your next meal.
This is the rule for those dogs that are not prone to overeating. If the dog overeats, then you need to carefully monitor the amount of food eaten.
How many times a day to feed a puppy: a regimen for a growing body
The appearance of a puppy in the house is a joyful event. But caring for a small pet requires a lot of strength and patience. All novice dog breeders are first asked by the question. how many times a day a puppy should be fed.
It is very important to carefully monitor your pet’s diet in the first year of its life. Indeed, during this period, his teeth, bones, wool, and scent are formed. Improper feeding can not only affect the appearance of the dog. Many diseases can develop from this.
Feeding your puppies with dry food
When the right food is selected, the puppy is active and healthy. His coat is in good condition, digestion is normal, allergic reactions are not manifested. But some owners make serious mistakes when feeding ready-made feed:
- overfeeding. It is necessary to strictly observe the frequency of feeding and know how many grams of dry food to give the puppy;
- soaking feed with milk or broth. Manufacturers on the packaging indicate that food for
- puppies need to be soaked a little. But if you do not use water for this, then it is worth considering the nutritional value of the liquid. Accordingly, reduce the amount of feed per serving;
- food is not selected according to the age of the animal or does not correspond to its breed.
What determines the frequency of feeding
The frequency and amount of feeding depends not only on age. For dogs of different breeds and sizes, these figures can vary dramatically. Even if the puppies are of the same breed, they can be of different sizes. This is an important indicator that affects the number of feedings per day.
The frequency and mode of feeding should be set individually for each dog. Activity and personal taste should be taken into account by all means. If your pet’s appetite changes dramatically, then this indicates health problems. And it doesn’t matter in which direction it changes.
How often to feed your puppy from 2 to 4 months
After weaning, puppies need more vitamins and nutrients. In the period from 2 months to six months, they actively grow and develop. There is an approximate number of feedings per day for dogs of different ages:
- 2 months. 6 times a day (every 4 hours);
- 3 months. 5 times a day (approximately every 5 hours);
- 4 months. 4 times a day (break between feedings. 6 hours).
When making a feeding schedule, you need to rely on your regime and daily routine. If the puppy eats when he pleases, then health problems may arise. The pet needs to be given food at the set hours. The owner should be there at this time. As a last resort, you can ask someone from your family to feed the dog.
By adhering to a strict meal schedule, it is easier to train your puppy to relieve himself outdoors. Due to the schedule, he will go to the toilet “by the hour”. To do this, after 15. 30 minutes you need to take him outside.
Useful article about, Useful article about at what age to train a puppy without resorting to the services of a dog handler.
Don’t know how to train your puppy to go outside to the toilet? We will teach you how to do it.
How many times a day to feed the puppy
A puppy in the house is joy, fun, commotion But besides positive emotions, the appearance of a baby raises some questions and one of the first. what and how many times a day to feed the puppy. Naturally, you need to take into account the age of the dog, its size and other aspects. Let’s figure it out.
What to feed the puppy. dry food or natural food?
Perhaps this is one of the first dilemmas. to choose dry diets or natural food feeding. By the way, veterinarians still disagree on what is the best option. You can take into account the opinion of the doctor, the breeder, where the baby was purchased, and evaluate all the pros and cons of both types of feeding. The positive aspects of production diets include the following:
- most dogs eat dry food, even those that are fussy;
- manufacturers produce various product lines, and it is possible to choose a more suitable one, even if the dog has any diseases or suffers from food allergies;
- it is very easy to determine the size of the portion and to measure it;
- dry food can be stored for a long time without a refrigerator, so they can be purchased in bulk, this is especially important if the pet is large or there are several of them;
- no need to waste time cooking;
- ready-made dry rations are the cleanest type of feeding, when neither the dog nor the things around get dirty;
- high-quality feeds are maximally balanced and contain everything you need, so additional intake of additives and feeding is not required.
Despite the large number of advantages, there are some disadvantages of this type of feeding:
- the composition of the feed is known only to the producers;
- quality feed is quite expensive;
- cheap rations are affordable, but their composition is not ideal, they contain more plant components, artificial additives, flavor enhancers, flavors, etc. are allowed.
When choosing, you should not be guided by a well-known brand and advertising, it is best to heed the advice of a veterinarian and a breeder. Natural diets also have benefits:
- the owner knows exactly what his puppy is eating;
- there is confidence in the freshness of the prepared dish;
- there are no various additives in the diet. preservatives, dyes, etc.;
- doggie gets natural protein and fiber.
Before giving preference to this type of feeding, owners should take into account the negative nuances:
- food will have to be cooked, if not daily, then every other day for sure;
- food is stored for a short time and only in a refrigerator;
- everything that the dog has not eaten is thrown away;
- if the pet eats stale food that has stood in the bowl for a long time, then you should expect signs of poisoning, so it is important to make sure that the pet eats everything at once;
- puppies do not always eat neatly, so not only the pet’s muzzle can be smeared in the porridge, but everything around the feeding place;
- difficult to balance and dose the daily portion;
- with natural feeding, the pet will periodically need vitamin and mineral supplements.
Another nuance. it is not difficult to transfer a pet from natural food to dry food, but in the opposite process, difficulties are possible. the pet can go on a hunger strike.
How many times a day should a puppy be fed
The smaller the baby, the more often it has to be fed. For example, a monthly baby should be given food 6-7 times a day, and from 10-12 months it is recommended to transfer it to an adult regimen. 2 meals a day. The ideal time for the first feed is from 6 am to 8 am, the last from 7 pm to 10 pm. over, the smaller the puppy, the earlier he needs to be given food in the morning and later in the evening. This will allow him to go to bed in a good-natured mood and not feel strong hunger in the morning while waiting for feeding.
When determining the feeding schedule, the individual characteristics of the breed and the dog itself are taken into account, but, on average, it includes the following:
- from one to two months. six to seven times a day with an interval of 3 hours between feedings;
- from 2 to 4 months. five meals a day, the interval is increased to 4 hours;
- from 4 months to six months. four meals a day (one each in the morning and in the evening, and 2 daily meals);
- from six months to 10 months. three meals a day (one day’s feeding is removed);
- from 10 months up to one year of age. two meals a day. morning and evening. In small breeds, the transition to an adult diet occurs a little earlier, in large and giant breeds. a little later.
Experts do not recommend changing the number of feedings if the baby is not ready for this. Usually, the puppies themselves ignore one of the feedings, which is a signal to cancel. If the pet expects and with all its appearance shows that it is hungry, you should not deprive it of food.
Features of natural feeding
If in the case of dry rations everything is more or less clear, then with natural feeding, questions may arise. What can be included in the diet of a small pet and what should be avoided? A puppy’s menu from 1 to 3 months should include the following foods:
- cottage cheese (it is recommended to cook it yourself, adding calcium chloride);
- milk and whey;
- low-fat dairy products. varenets, fermented baked milk, kefir, yogurt;
- milk porridge. buckwheat, oatmeal;
- pieces of boiled meat. beef, veal, lamb, rabbit;
- stewed or raw vegetables, fruits. zucchini, carrots, apples, pears.
First of all, food for small puppies should be brought to a mushy state and over time, pieces of food should be included in it. Porridge, vegetable stews can be seasoned with butter, vegetable oil. From 3 months, they begin to give the pet raw meat, although this is recommended for some breeds from the first days. To prevent the baby from becoming infected with helminths, the meat should be frozen in the freezer, and before serving, it should be defrosted and scalded with boiling water.
From 4 months, boiled eggs, a small amount of sour cream, sea fish can be included in the diet. Chicken is an allergen, so from six months you can try to give it to your pet for a test, but be sure to monitor his condition. At the same time, you can give the dog by-products, but only boiled.
From six months to 9 months, the diet does not change too much, it should also be balanced and include all the necessary components. The main products are meat, offal. they make up at least 50% of the total diet.
How Much To Feed A Puppy & How Often Should Puppies Eat
Proper feeding is the key to the health and longevity of your pet, and this issue must be approached with all seriousness. The puppy must receive quality food and always in compliance with the regimen.
How to feed your puppy after purchase
Most often, the optimal age for transferring a puppy from a breeder to a future owner depends on the breed, more precisely, on the dog’s ability to eat “adult” food. Traditionally, the more “versatile” the breed is, the sooner the puppy is ready to move to a new family. A German shepherd puppy is purchased at the age of 1 month, decorative and small breeds are put up for sale by 2-3 months of age.
Be sure to find out what, how often and to what extent the breeders fed the puppy, moving to a new house is a strong stress for the dog and you should not complicate the experience with unusual food. The first 7 days we do not change anything, even if the puppy was fed with non-premium commercial food. After adaptation, gradually, in small portions, we will admit the introduction of new products.
Do not forget to teach the animal to eat vegetables from early childhood, if the dog asks, give fruit. Offer your pet a variety of foods. a slice of apple or a slice of raw carrot may be favorite treats. Puppies of Husky, German Shepherd and other medium-sized service breeds are most often “omnivorous.” Avoid overly sweet, spicy, salty, fatty foods and citrus fruits.
Important! Decide in advance what the pet’s diet will be, the prevailing opinion about the benefits of mixing natural and industrial feed is a myth. In emergencies, the option is acceptable, but a “mixed” diet on an ongoing basis can harm the dog’s health.
How many times a day to feed the puppy. Healthy eating rules
The hackneyed phrases about great responsibility for pets do not lose their relevance, however, they no longer make the proper impression on future owners. When deciding to purchase a puppy, many breeders do not even realize how important the care and proper nutrition of the dog is. To feed a dog exclusively porridge “on the bones” or “from the table” is like harming your health believing in the benefit of drugs, but a person can ask for help, and animals suffer in silence. Raising a healthy and full-fledged pet is not only a responsibility, it will take a lot of time, patience, moral and financial costs. There are two fundamental principles. nutrition and upbringing, we will deal with the first of them. how many times a day to feed a puppy and how to choose the right diet in order to raise a healthy dog.
Daily rate and frequency of feeding puppies
After the initial adaptation period, start building a feeding and walking schedule. How many times a day to feed a monthly puppy depends on the needs and appetite, treat it like a child. asks to eat 10 times a day for a teaspoon. feed and endure, 10-15 days and the pet will “enter the regimen.” However, there are cynological norms, it does not matter whether the pet eats natural or dry food, the number of feedings depends on age:
How Many Times a Day Should DOGS EAT?. Puppies and Adults
- 1-2 months: 5-6 feedings.
- 2-3 months: 4-5 feedings.
- 3-4 months: 4-3 feedings.
- 4-6 months: 3-2 feedings.
- After 7 months. 2 feedings.
The calculation of the weight of the pet’s daily norm is carried out taking into account the norms of consumption of the breed in adulthood. Add the required amount of percent to the daily norm of an adult dog and divide it into portions:
- 10-15% aged 1 to 3 months.
- 20-30% aged 3 to 5 months.
- 40-50% aged 5 to 12 months.
There are good reasons for controversy over the choice of feeding method. It is quite difficult to compose a full-fledged natural diet; food supplements and vitamins will be required. Feeding exclusively dry food requires compliance with a number of rules and considerable financial costs, however, there are reasons when the measure is forced:
- Allergic dog.
- Hereditary disease tendencies.
- Congenital metabolic disorder or vitamin absorption.
- Lack of opportunity to feed the dog with fully natural products.
How many times a day to feed the puppy with dry food depends on the calorie content and enrichment of the product. Usually, the package contains the daily allowances for large, medium and small dogs. Next, you need to focus on the saturation of the dog. Keep in mind that dry food expands after it enters the stomach. Make sure that the pet always has a bowl of water available and do not rush to add the “additive”, wait 5-15 minutes, if the dog has calmed down. the portion is calculated correctly.
Important! Puppies are fed with special premium dry food, with a nutritional value of 300-350 kcal / 100 g.
Natural feeding, how to create a complete diet for your puppy
Adherents of natural feeding do not always realize how difficult it is to correctly formulate a dog’s diet. It would seem that feeding a puppy with meat, eggs and dairy products is a guarantee of health and full development, but this is far from the truth.
Natural feeding means:
Important! Don’t feed your puppy raw meat! The kid is not yet able to fight parasites, which can be infected even the most selective beef.
Features of changing teeth in puppies
At 3-3.5 months, teeth change. Puppies first develop new incisors, then canines and premolars. Finally, the teeth finish forming only by six months. During this period, you need to provide the puppy with free access to various “chewy” treats that are convenient and safe.
Often, owners use bones, dried animal products, and compressed tendons as “chewing” toys, but this may not be safe. Spoiled food can lead to poisoning, and gnawed bones can be dangerous to the animal. Therefore, it is better to use only special delicacies.
Toys should be chosen so that they fit the size of the dog. Any goodies should be comfortable. A small Spitz puppy at 4 months is unlikely to enjoy playing with a bone that can be compared in size to itself. These “chewy” toys are suitable for larger dogs.
Toys should not be heavy or too large. The material of manufacture must be resistant to chewing, safe and strong. When the first signs of damage appear, discard the toy and replace it with a new one.
How to choose dry puppy food
Each food has several characteristics to rely on when choosing the right one for a particular puppy:
Medicinal or conventional. If the dog is healthy, daily food will do. Medicinal is necessary only for feeding pets with gastrointestinal problems, arthritis, dogs prone to food allergies or obese. Such nutrition is not used all the time. Duration of admission should be monitored by a veterinarian.
The age of the dog. Tibetan Mastiff puppies at 4 months require a different type of feeding than adult dogs. Therefore, other feed is also needed. The age range is usually offered by premium food manufacturers: Starter. for puppies from two weeks of age, Junior. from two to eight to ten months, Adult. for adult dogs, Senior. for aging and senior dogs.
The size of the dog. Food for puppies of medium breeds is suitable for almost any, but owners of small and miniature dogs, large and giant breeds of dogs need to take care of finding special granules. This is important because the feed pellet size matters and the feed takes into account the nutrient needs.
Dog lifestyle. If the dog is used in the service, actively spends time on the move, then it is better to immediately choose food for energetic dogs (marked Active or Energy). The same food, by the way, is suitable for fattening bitches, dogs after illness and in the winter season. If your pet spends most of the time in a dream, then Standard, Normal or Light foods (for dogs with obesity or very inactive) are suitable.
Feed class. Dry food can be economy class, premium or super premium. The formulations differ in the quality of the ingredients. The nutritional value of premium or super-premium puppy food is much higher, high-quality nutrition will save money on the veterinarian in the future, because it reduces the likelihood of the puppy developing any health problems.
How much dry food to give a puppy
How many times to feed a puppy at 4 months old and how much to feed for each meal? Typically, the serving size is indicated on the package. It is worth adhering to the manufacturer’s recommendations, but keeping an eye on the puppy: if he eats all the food and remains hungry, then it is worth slightly increasing the portion, if granules remain in the bowl, the portion decreases.
To independently calculate how much food a puppy needs, you need to know the energy value of the selected mixture. At three to four months, one kilogram of weight requires about 200 kcal, at four. eight months. 136 kcal. This is averaged data. For different breeds, the norms are different: for example, at 4 months, a puppy weighing 2 kg needs only 55 kcal per day (5/8 servings), 3 kg. 74 kcal, 5 kg. 109 kcal, 7 kg. 139 kcal.
Food for puppies of medium breeds should be given based on the following norms: 12 kg. 204 kcal per day, 14 kg. 229 kcal, 15 kg. 241 kcal, 16 kg. 253 kcal, 18 kg. 275 kg, 20 kg. 297 kg For large breeds: with a weight of 26 kg at 4 months. 342 kcal per day, 28 kg. 340 kcal, 30 kg. 339 kcal, 32 kg. 356 kcal, 34 kg. 373 kcal, 36 kg. 388 kcal. For giant breeds: with a weight of 45 kg at 4 months. 449 kcal per day (5 servings 2/8 servings), 50 kg. 492 kcal, 55 kg. 525 kcal, 60 kg. 556 kcal, 65 kg. 698 kcal.
Feeding frequency at 4 months
How many times to feed a puppy at 4 months? At this age, dogs begin to actively grow, teeth are teething, so maintaining health requires an increased number of feedings. Optimally. 3 times a day. Closer to six months, you can switch to two meals a day.
Basic rules and recommendations
The puppy grows very quickly and needs a special diet that needs to be changed over time. The main rule is balance. It is not only the balance in the diet of the nutrients, vitamins and minerals that your dog needs for optimal growth is important. This also includes the regularity of feedings and the amount of food per meal. Dog handlers unanimously agree that the organization of proper nutrition for puppies up to a year requires the owner to comply with several rules:
the bowl should match the puppy’s height;
harmful goodies are prohibited, because it can negatively affect the still fragile digestive system;
food should be at a comfortable (room) temperature;
you cannot overfeed the dog, otherwise the stomach will be overloaded (while the likelihood of pancreatitis, gastritis, and subsequent obesity is high);
you should choose the right food or diversify the pet’s diet with natural products;
regularity. puppies can eat up to eight times a day, two or three meals are enough for young dogs;
puppies need to be additionally given special vitamin complexes.
How many times to feed a puppy at 4 months? Puppy food and vitamins
A balanced diet, correct nutritional regimen and adequate portion sizes will provide the growing body of a puppy with all the necessary elements, vitamins and minerals. High-quality nutrition will allow you to save money on veterinarian services in the future and make your dog healthy. How many times to feed a puppy at 4 months? Which food to choose? When do you need additional vitamins??
Transfer to dry food
It is better to keep the puppy on natural food for up to three months (this is a recommendation of veterinarians), but for various reasons, the owner may decide to switch to dry food. The first dry food can be purchased in small granules, soaked and tried in small quantities so that the puppy can gradually get used to the new food.
Manufacturers of ready-to-eat dog foods of all breeds and ages strive to ensure that all the vitamins and nutrients required by a particular age group are available. The package also indicates the recommended daily feed intake, which is undesirable to exceed. An important condition is free access of the puppy to fresh water.
How to feed a puppy at 4 months
Puppies are fed with special dry mixes, which are produced industrially, or with natural food. Up to three to four months, it is recommended to choose natural products: low-fat meats, cereals and vegetables, fruits, dietary fish, chicken eggs, dairy products.
Protein foods should make up at least 70% of the diet. This is important both for feeding a 4 month old shepherd puppy, which requires more energy and nutrients, and for a small terrier. Meat and fish can be fed raw or boiled.
Such a menu may seem scanty, but animals do not need a significant variety of food, and sweet, fatty, fried or pickled ones are completely prohibited and can harm the health of the growing puppy.
Diet depending on age
The hardest part is raising a newborn puppy who started life without a mother. An example is a mongrel taken from the street. Companies that specialize in the production of special food took care of what to feed the little puppy.
For leather and wool
These supplements are purchased for the purpose of improving the appearance of the animal. They help to shorten the shedding period and make the coat more resistant to environmental influences. As a result of regular use, the coat becomes strong and thick, as well as shiny. The composition includes vitamins and fatty acids, useful trace elements.
Already at the age of 2-3 weeks, it is recommended to start complementary feeding. This age is ideal for a smooth diet change. It is recommended to choose an approximate diet for a Yorkshire Terrier or another breed depending on which permanent food you need to switch to.
Most often, special formulations are purchased as a starter, for example, Monge. It is characterized by the following features:
- Lots of Proteins Required for Puppy Development.
- The correct formation of muscle tissue is ensured.
- The composition contains the proper amount of calcium, phosphorus, glucose and other elements that are needed for the development of the skeleton and cartilage tissue.
Monthly starter feeding ensures that all the required elements are supplied.
Canine formula milk has twice the protein and fat, but less sugar. The following substitutes are most popular:
- Babydog milk;
- Beaphar Puppy Milk;
- Canina Welpenmilch;
Before purchasing them, you can prepare a mixture of boiled water and glucose. This will require:
- Pipette. It will be more convenient to suck milk if you put on a small rubber tube at the end.
- Syringe. It is suitable if the dog is large.
- Special measuring bottle. Do not overfeed babies, as this can lead to allergies.
With mother’s milk, babies receive all the necessary vitamins that protect them from various diseases.
Age a week or older
Feeding after a week of life is slightly different. For the first 7-10 days, you need to give food every 3-4 hours, day and night. It is impossible to break such a schedule, especially if there is a weakened organism, for example, in a mongrel.
The diet for a spaniel, dachshund or terrier can be replaced with a homemade composition. The recipe is as follows:
All ingredients are mixed to obtain a homogeneous mass, and then heated to a temperature of 38 ° C.