Feeding the puppy for months to a year
Regardless of what you feed the puppy. ready-made food or natural food, the frequency of food intake is gradually reduced according to the scheme:
Teach puppies to eat at certain hours, stop begging. The dog must eat the offered portion completely. If he does not have enough, slightly increase the amount of feed, but if he does not eat, return to the previous dosage. Overfeeding is worse than underfeeding. Communicate with the breeder, check the puppy’s actual body weight against the growth plan.
If you use premium ready-made dry food or higher, there will be no problems. Do not feed your pet with economy class food. For example, Chappie contains 18% protein, while a puppy at 2 months needs 30%, an adult dog. 22-25%. Opt for natural feeding or ready-to-eat meals. Do not combine natural with granules: the enzyme system will malfunction and gastroenteritis will develop.
Do not change your feeding type abruptly. This must be done in seven days or more. On the subject: How to transfer a puppy to dry food. Feed the puppy with the breeder’s prescription for at least 2 weeks. If you decide to feed your puppy with ready-to-eat food, use the Royal Canin Starter for up to 4 months. Then switch to a diet for older ages. The company produces ready-made food especially for German shepherds. But this choice is not necessary. You can use Eukanuba for puppies from 1 month to a year old or similar food from another company.
For natural feeding, feed the puppy a glass or one and a half of thick warmed-up soup at the age of one month. Do not throw away the leftovers at first, but store in the refrigerator for 24 hours.
The puppy at 2 months willingly eats finely chopped beef, as well as boiled fish that does not contain bones. Raw river fish may contain larvae of worms, as well as an anti-nutritional substance. Thiaminase, which destroys vitamin B1. Saltwater fish contains trimethylamine oxide, which converts feed iron into an indigestible form.
The appetite is played out when the puppies follow each other’s example. If you are picky, others will eat your food.
At 3 months, the pet is given a heart, the heads of tubular bones containing cartilage. The cub receives the chondroprotectors necessary for bone growth and strengthens the jaw muscles. Playing with bones allows you to speed up the process of replacing milk teeth with permanent ones. You can include chicken eggs in the dog’s diet 1 twice a week. Protein contains the anti-nutritional factor Avidin, which is inactivated by cooking.
From four to six months, teenagers are taught to eat offal. The liver is given boiled, because it can contain the larvae of worms. For the same reason, do not feed raw pork.
The popular belief about poorly digestible pork does not hold water. Probably this idea arose when fat pigs were raised in the countryside. Processed pork is included in super-premium ready-made feeds. Royal Canin, Akana, NOW-holistic.
6 month old german shepherd puppy.
The growing puppy can be fed rumen and abomasum of ruminants. By-products can only partially replace meat. They must be purchased from trusted sellers and boiled. The nutritional value of offal is 2 times lower than that of muscle meat. German Shepherds of all ages benefit from raw or stewed vegetables and fruits.
Feeding a newborn puppy
If the bitch is healthy, she will feed the cubs herself. You just need to take care of the timely start of complementary feeding from three weeks of age so that the puppies can feed themselves at weaning. But, when the mother died during childbirth or soon after, her milk disappeared, and there is hard work to take care of the newborns.
The following artificial mixtures for puppies have been adapted from cow’s milk:
- A tablespoon of milk powder is added to the glass. This achieves the consistency of the dog’s milk in density. But the imbalance in carbohydrates and fats persists.
- Add egg yolk to half a liter of milk and mix thoroughly. Protein contains an anti-nutritive substance. Avidin, which destroys vitamin H.
For newborns, the dry mixture is diluted with hot water, but not boiling water at the rate of 15 g (measuring spoon) per 50 ml. Allow to cool to 40 ° C. The prepared mixture is suitable for drinking for 24 hours from a pipette, then from a bottle. The first few days the milk replacer is drunk after 2, then after 3 hours. For two-week-old cubs, the number of feedings is reduced to 6, the mixture is poured into a saucer. Determine the dosage yourself. I recommend feeding plenty.
When the puppy can drink from the dish, during one of the feedings give a Royal Canin starter or a similar food of at least premium class. Start with 1 or 2 croquettes soaked in 3x water.
Estimated price of 1 kg. 600 r.
By the age of one and a half months, the puppy’s diet should consist entirely of solid food. Reduce the amount of water for soaking gradually.
If you are an adherent of natural nutrition, start feeding your German Shepherd puppy with boiled rice, cottage cheese, meat, soups. You will have to learn how to make a diet, at least assess its usefulness in terms of proteins.
As you probably know, puppies should have a protein concentration of 30%. Do not panic when it turns out that the cottage cheese contains 75% moisture content 16; in beef 65% moisture. 18; rice (14%). 7%. If calculated on dry matter, we get 64; 50; 8%. Natural feed contains, on average, about 30% of dry matter. Therefore, the protein norm will be 3030/100 = 9%.
Dry feed rate
The amount of dry food required for good nutrition depends on its quality. Super premium products contain all the necessary ingredients. They are superior in composition to natural food. The recipe for Go Natural holistic granules is presented below.
This food is economical, it takes less than the economy class food to saturate the dog, the volume of feces is halved.
The rate of dry feed depends on the purpose of growing. Ask the breeder what weight the puppy’s parents had and try to raise the same weight.
Approximate feeding rates are shown in the table:
Note that your pet’s feed requirements increase up to six months. Then consumption will stabilize even though growth is not over yet. If you intend to breed for breeding, adjust the weight of the pet according to the growth plan to achieve a final live weight of 25 or 50 kg. When your goal is to grow a good guard and companion, be guided by the indicators in the column “Average live weight, kg”.
How to feed your German Shepherd puppy
In this article I will tell you about the correct feeding of a German shepherd puppy. What food to give to weaners and adolescents. How many times a day to feed puppies of different ages, what is the rate of dry food and natural food. You will find out if the puppy has enough food by his behavior, as well as what foods should not be fed to dogs.
- Feeding a newborn puppy
- Feeding the puppy for months to a year
- Recommendations for feed and vitamins
- Dry feed rate
- Natural feed rate
- What can not be fed
Recommendations for feed and vitamins
If you use ready-made feed of premium class and above, additional feeding is not needed. For adherence to natural food you have to pay with the need to additionally balance the diet. Supporters of the use of folk remedies recommend adding sulfur, eggshells, seaweed, meat and bone meal to the feed. Such funds, when used uncontrollably, are useless at best. At worst, they can be harmful to health.
I do not recommend listening to the advice of “smart people”. Talk to your veterinarian and choose from the following professional remedies:
Frequently Asked Questions
I will try to answer the questions that dog lovers often ask.
How many times a day to feed
We have already said how many times a day to feed a pet in the section “Feeding a puppy by months to a year”. I repeat that weaners are fed 6 times a day. The improvement of the digestive system is completed by the age of six months. Therefore, gradually reduce the frequency of feeding and bring it up to twice a day. Keep this diet for the rest of your life.
Natural feed rate
Optimal from the point of view of digestion is the consistency of the feed the same as that of porridge, that is. Producers of canned food are guided by this provision. To roughly determine the amount of natural food for a puppy, take the data in the dry food rationing table and multiply by 3. The data are given in the table:
Needs and passions are individual. Therefore, make sure that the pet eats the food completely. Keep in mind that heat decreases consumption and cold increases. A dog is a more perfect being than a man. She knows how to heat herself from the inside.
What can not be fed
We figured out how you can and should feed German shepherd puppies. Now let’s talk about what you can’t feed your dog with:
- Do not mix natural and prepared foods. One or the other. Do not feed porridge flavored with canned food for dogs or humans. The animal receiving the pellets can be treated with vegetables and fruits.
- Do not give your pet leftover food from the table. Smoked, salted, spiced foods cause an allergic response or indigestion.
- The dog can be given a whole beef thigh bone to play with and gnaw at the cartilaginous surfaces of the joints. The bones of an adult bird can split along and puncture the intestines. In broiler chickens, the bones are soft, they do not crack, but they clog the intestinal tube, cause constipation or obstruction. Don’t give tails, necks, vertebrae. They can get stuck in the mouth.
- Baked loaf of yeast, confectionery products lead to obesity or cause allergic reactions. A high glycemic index increases the risk of diabetes.
- Sweets, candies, chocolate, butter.
- Boiled potatoes.
- Vitamin and mineral supplements without veterinarian approval.
- Hot or cold food.
Sample puppy menu for the day
Four meals a day, if possible, are carried out at regular intervals (about 4 hours). It is best to train your puppy to eat at a specific time. When drawing up a daily menu, it is recommended to adhere to the following scheme:
- Morning. cottage cheese or kefir.
- Noon / lunch. porridge with milk, egg (no more than twice a week).
- In the afternoon, late in the evening. porridge and meat (combination 2 to 1), vegetables, a spoonful of vegetable oil.
- In the evening, the final feeding is carried out. porridge with vegetables and meat (ratio 1 to 2).
Food should not be too hot or cold. It is best to focus on body temperature and try readiness with your finger. The puppy must eat while standing, this requires an adjustable bowl rack.
Feeding your German Shepherd puppy at 3 months
When receiving a three-month-old dog from a breeder, it is necessary to adhere to the menu to which she has got used to for at least two weeks. During this time, the puppy experiences stress from a change of place, so you should not drastically change the diet. Most often, three-month-old puppies are fed fresh, natural food. This choice is justified if at home it is possible to prepare food daily for frequent feeding.
If due to lack of time it is decided to feed the puppy dry food, be sure to discuss the schedule of the transition with the veterinarian in advance.
It is necessary to transfer the puppy gradually, dry food is given only separately from natural food. It is recommended to choose premium brands, but it should be remembered that balanced complete feeds differ in composition and have different feeding rates. Therefore, it is better to choose only one type of dry food, and also strictly follow the manufacturer’s instructions for the feeding regimen.
Milk and milk products are sources of protein and calcium, and partially replace meat. The amount of milk for a three month old puppy is usually reduced, but it can be left in the diet for up to six months. The nutrition of the puppies includes low-fat kefir and cottage cheese, they also give yogurt, plain yogurt, fermented baked milk. High fat dairy products should be avoided. Also, too much cottage cheese (more than 100g) can lead to constipation.
Puppy diet at 3 months
At three months, the need for milk is significantly reduced, so the puppy’s diet is based on meat as the main source of protein, as well as cereals and vegetables that provide carbohydrates and fiber. Milk is replaced with fermented milk products that are easier to digest. Also, a properly formed diet must necessarily include fats and vitamin and mineral supplements.
Meat and animal products
The best choice for meat is lean beef, it can be fed raw or cooked. Raw meat contains more vitamins, so it is recommended to include it in the daily diet, at least 20% of the total. It is important to remember that raw meat can contain bacteria, worm eggs, so a frozen product should be used. The meat is given finely chopped, it is not recommended to use minced meat. it forms lumps in the stomach, therefore it is not completely absorbed.
At three months, meat becomes the basis of the diet of a German shepherd puppy
You can also give boiled chicken, rabbit meat, add soft cartilage to the porridge. Fatty meats are poorly digested and can cause indigestion. Eggs are given separately. raw yolk can be added to cereals, the protein must be boiled and cut. Convenient to feed eggs like an omelet with milk.
It is recommended to add meat broths to the menu. substances boiled from bones are very useful for the proper development of the animal’s skeleton, and also help to establish the digestive tract. You need to cook such a broth on low heat for at least four hours, the finished liquid can also be used to add to cereals instead of milk.
Vitamins and minerals
To replenish the daily intake of vitamins, the dog should eat fresh herbs. parsley, green onions, lettuce, spinach, beet and carrot tops, scalded nettle. It is useful to give puppies sprouted oats and millet, which contain many useful microelements. Sprouted grains are given either fresh or dried and ground, no more than 1 tablespoon per day. It is also recommended to add mineral dressing. Meat and bone meal, crushed shells. For wool, pharmacy food sulfur is given, for digestion and appetite. yeast.
A loaf is very convenient to give along with kefir, milk. It also provides the pet with carbohydrates and fiber, and causes an increase in the production of gastrointestinal enzymes. You should choose rye or gray wheat varieties, a stale loaf is preferable to fresh. It is best to dry a rye loaf and give it in the form of crackers. You can also add crackers to meat broth.
How much food should the puppy eat?
Due to the accelerated metabolism with a small stomach size, you need to feed a German shepherd puppy at 3 months in small portions several times a day. From the age of three months, the amount of feed consumed increases and should reach at least 1 liter per day. The best option would be four meals a day after walking.
If the prescribed portion is sufficient, the dog behaves calmly, loses interest in an empty bowl, does not beg for food. If the puppy, on the contrary, does not cope with the portion, you need to temporarily reduce it. It is advisable not to reduce the number of feedings or check with the veterinarian how many times a day to feed a pet with a poor appetite. There are several possible reasons for loss of appetite:
- Lack of movement
- Lack of fresh air;
- Fatigue. taking too long walks and games.
Refusal to eat can also be a symptom of the disease, so it’s best to show your dog to a veterinarian. Anything left over from the portion after feeding should be removed with the bowl.
Cereals and vegetables
Porridge is rich in easily digestible carbohydrates and high in calories. They are cooked from various types of cereals. buckwheat, rice, millet, rolled oats, semolina. Can be cooked in water or in whole milk solution. Puppies do not eat pearl barley and barley very willingly, so they are used in a mixture with others.
Vegetables are source of vitamins, organic acids, starch, mineral salts and phytoncides. Vegetables are given to puppies in raw and boiled form. beets, tomatoes, zucchini, cabbage, cucumbers and others. Potatoes are only given raw, like a delicacy. It is recommended to chop carrots and mix with a spoonful of vegetable or olive oil. Puppies are also given apples, berries. it is best to add them to cottage cheese.
At 3 months old, a German shepherd puppy needs four meals a day
How to feed a 3 month old German Shepherd puppy
From three months, German Shepherd puppies are finally transferred from mother’s milk to self-feeding, therefore it is at this age that it is recommended to transfer to new owners. A three-month-old puppy already requires less complex care, quickly adapts to new conditions, and can begin to be taught to walk on a leash. The development of the puppy during this period is very intensive, the teeth begin to change, the skeleton and muscle mass are actively growing, so it is important to choose the right feeding diet.
Porridge and pastry
Cereals are source of carbohydrates easily assimilated by the body. In addition, the shepherd dog eats porridge with pleasure. For cooking, use a minimum of salt, vegetable oil, broths and vegetables.
It is better to buy buckwheat for a puppy not fried. The cooked rice should be crumbly without moisture. Rice water can be offered to a puppy for stomach upset.
Semolina porridge is easy to digest, but contains a minimum of nutrients. It is not necessary in the puppy’s diet. It can be used as a tonic for stomach disorders. Contraindicated in dogs prone to obesity.
Pasta, loaf and white flour buns are not good for the Shepherd. It is not recommended to give them to the puppy. The Germans are happy to eat crackers. As a delicacy, it is permissible to make rye, whole grain, dried rice slices without yeast.
Meat is a significant item on the puppy’s menu. Boiled it is better absorbed, but cheese contains more useful elements, including B vitamins. Thermally processed meat should be no more than a quarter of the daily requirement.
- Boiled poultry without bones;
- Boiled Boneless Rabbit.
Meat for a four-month-old shepherd dog is cut into small pieces. Sugar beef and lamb bones are useful for the teeth and muscles of the jaws. The treat is given out every 2 weeks. It is recommended to pre-scald the bone with boiling water.
Sugar bones can be started for jaw development at 4 months of age
Broths are good for bones, joints and the proper functioning of the digestive system. The broth simmers over low heat for about 4 hours. Ready broth can be mixed with porridge, or used to soak biscuits and dry food.
From this age, offal is added to the puppy’s diet. They can replace meat twice a week. The liver, spleen, kidneys and other insides should be pre-rinsed and scalded with boiling water. The daily portion of offal should be 1.5 times the standard meat.
When choosing food for a shepherd dog, you cannot rely on human habits. The dog is absolutely not worth feeding from the master’s table. Not all foods that are appetizing for a puppy are really suitable for his food.
Harmful and poorly digestible foods:
- Pickled and canned;
- Pork and other fatty meats;
- White loaf;
- Semi-finished products for people.
The likelihood of individual intolerance to the body of any permitted product cannot be disregarded. The owner should focus primarily on the pet’s reaction and health.
How to properly feed a 4 month old German Shepherd puppy
Feeding your German Shepherd puppy at 4 months is carried out in accordance with the general principles of dog care. The owner should determine a convenient and permanent place for the animals to eat. Food should be given on schedule, at the same time.
At four months, the German Shepherd’s body is still in a phase of intensive growth. During this period, the puppy’s molars erupt, the physique changes, the ears begin to rise. Home care should include thoughtful, balanced nutrition.
Vegetables and fruits
Vegetables for a growing body are an affordable source of fiber, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. They provide a variety and richness of nutrition for the puppy. Can be fed raw, mashed, or boiled and chopped. Fruits are high in vitamins and are a useful addition to the natural diet.
At least 150 grams of vegetables per day should be received by the puppy
Vegetables suitable for a puppy:
- Nori and kelp.
For a shepherd at four months, apples and berries are useful. Many kids love raspberries and currants. Greens can be added to food.
4 month old puppy menu
Puppies’ nutrition should include meat, vegetables, cereals, fish and dairy products. A varied diet allows you to provide the body with substances and vitamins necessary for development.
From four months, an approximate daily menu for a shepherd dog looks like this:
- 400-450 g. Meat;
- Approximately 200 g. Groats;
- 1 chicken egg;
- 200 g. Cottage cheese;
- 150 g. Vegetables;
- 1 tbsp. L. Vegetable oil.
Products from the list are evenly distributed over 3-4 meals. The list will help you navigate how much a breastfed puppy should eat.
An adult German Shepherd should be fed twice a day. From four months, the regimen can be brought closer to the final schedule and reduced meals to three per day. It is desirable that the interval between meals be no more than 8 hours. Do not feed the dog at night, so that it does not become a habit. Adjustment for the owner’s day regimen is acceptable.
Regardless of the owner’s decision how many times to feed the puppy, the amount of food per day is approximately 1 liter. This amount is evenly divided into 3-4 meals. Accordingly, a single serving for a puppy is 300-400 g. A bowl of food is left for twenty minutes, after which it must be removed.
The daily diet of a puppy at 4 months should:
- 30% protein;
- Include 20-25 g of fat;
- Contains carbohydrates and fiber;
- Enrich yourself with vitamins and beneficial elements.
Do not give your puppy hot and cold food. Warm food properly to room temperature New foods are introduced gradually, starting in small portions.
Fresh milk is removed from the diet of a shepherd dog at 4 months. Fermented milk products, cottage cheese, kefir, cheese, curdled milk are well absorbed by the dog’s body. It is advisable for the puppy to eat them regularly, due to the high content of calcium, phosphorus and a number of other useful elements in foods.
Milk leaves the diet at 4 months, all other dairy products should continue to be given to the puppy
Egg yolk is rich in fat-soluble vitamins. For the body, this product is a valuable source of nutrients. Chicken, quail, duck and turkey eggs are suitable for food. Their number in the weekly menu is regulated by analogy with chicken, based on the mass of the yolk.
You can feed your German Shepherd puppy at 4 months old with dry food. The main advantage of this type of food is its ease of use. It is important to remember that only high-quality products from trusted manufacturers are suitable for a young individual.
Super premium food can be used as a permanent diet. If the choice is between natural food and an economy variety, it is better to refuse factory products.
In the composition of quality feed, meat should be in the first place and there should be no synthetic components. It is worth making sure that the recommendations on the label are appropriate for the breed and age of your pet. You should not buy food without the original packaging, or if it is damaged.
The basics of proper nutrition
With regular and normal feeding, you can raise a healthy dog. A diet containing all the essential vitamins and minerals helps keep your pet in good physical shape and longevity. The metabolism of a puppy is significantly accelerated than that of an adult dog, but the ventricle is small. Therefore, it is worth feeding the baby often, but in small portions.
German Shepherd puppies eat from utensils attached to a special dog rack. The bowls are at chest level, the dog lowers only the muzzle during the meal. As the pet grows, it is necessary to raise the height of the stand. This is necessary so that the spine, the joints of the forelegs and the neck do not bend during feeding.
While the pet is eating, try to fix its stance: put your hind legs so that the hocks form an angle of 90 degrees, and the front legs should be parallel to each other. It is advisable to have nickel-plated bowls, one of which, with water, is always worth it and should be changed about three times a day in it. Keep the temperature of the food barely warm. When the baby is finished eating, wipe his face with a clean cloth.
There are two types of dog feeding:
- Canned food, dry food.
The first year in a puppy’s life, proper nutrition plays a huge role, monitor the balance of the diet. Properly observe the weight gain procedure. Of course, cooking your own puppy food is much better than buying ready-made food, but whatever system you choose for feeding, remember that each dog is individual, with its own preferences. A transition from feed to fresh products and vice versa is possible, but you should not mix them. Monitor your pet before making your final meal.
There are several rules when drawing up the correct diet:
- Follow the diet;
- Meat alone is not good nutrition;
- An overdose of vitamins A, D, calcium leads to volvulus;
- The daily rate of proteins should be 30% of the main food for the development of muscles and skeleton;
- Do not overfeed your puppy.
The first week of living in your house, the puppy must be fed with the complementary foods that he ate from the former owner, otherwise the stomach may upset. One serving is needed so that the baby eats everything and licks the bowl. If he continues to stand near the dishes, then there was not enough food. It is not necessary to immediately give an increase, the pet can get used to begging for snacks, it is better to wait until next time. Depending on the time you wake up, the first feed should be done, but no later than 7 am. The last complementary food should be given at 10 pm.
From birth to six months, the development of the puppy is more intensive, respectively, the high calorie content of daily food also increases. At two months old, it is advisable to give the baby a small amount of cartilage or raw bones, because a purebred German is still a predator. In order not to kill the appetite, bones should be given after the main feeding. This dish is rich in minerals. If the pet does not eat the bones well, then they are of poor quality or the baby has toothache. After six months, over the next 10 months, development levels off, the need for complementary foods increases. At 16 months, the shepherd becomes an adult, the amount of food put on the day is slightly reduced, and the regime remains so until the end.
The puppy should be fed frequently, with the following frequency:
- Up to 2 months. 6 times a day;
- From 2 to 4 months. 5 times;
- From 4 to 6 months. 4 times;
- From 6 to 10 months. 3 times;
- After 10 months. 2 times.
The shepherd just needs stable long walks. You can start walking your pet only after all vaccinations have been done. As mentioned above, the best option for a dog is to live on the street, where there is a constant opportunity to run around in the open space. If there is no such option, and you live in an apartment, then you need to take your pet for a walk every day, gradually increasing the walking time. It is best to take walks during the day to take advantage of the sun’s natural ultraviolet rays.
The first walks should be short; five minutes should be sufficient. At the age of two months, hikes increase to half an hour, while at 6-10 months, it is necessary to devote two to three hours to walking. From two months, you can train your dog on a leash. While the baby is small, physical activity is contraindicated for him, as he runs up himself, it will immediately become clear that it is time to go home. As your pet gets older, it will be very good for psychological development if it will communicate with other purebred dogs in specially designated areas. But stray dogs should not be allowed. there is a high risk of disease.
Now let’s look at the hygiene of the German Shepherd.
The most suitable place for a dog like a German shepherd to live is undoubtedly the street, where the kid can frolic in the fresh air. A private home is best suited for this purpose. For comfort, it is worth building a sturdy enclosure with a wooden floor, a roof and a comfortable booth. All this will reliably protect the German from climatic conditions. If you live in an apartment, then, of course, you can take great care of your pet and there, having arranged a wonderful place.
It should not be located in a passage where a draft is possible, near doors and heaters. In the bathroom or in the kitchen, the dog should not sleep either. Having chosen a decent corner, you need to lay there a special rug or mattress, on which, ideally, it is best to put on a pillowcase. This is very convenient for keeping the sleeping place clean. Prepare some pillowcases to change and wash them in time.
Prepare for the fact that at first your beloved baby will do his dirty business at home, because while he still cannot stand it. Gradually, it is necessary to teach people to relieve themselves during a walk, immediately after feeding or sleeping. Always reward your dog with a tasty morsel of his favorite treat as soon as he does a wet job. Thanks to your efforts, by six months, the shepherd dog will learn to relieve himself only in the yard.
The eyes are clear, without discharge, with a clear look. It is necessary to worry when your dog has inflammation or redness, unnatural lacrimation; if he blinks frequently. With these symptoms, you should immediately contact your veterinarian or use special eye drops. You can also soak a cotton swab in chamomile infusion and rinse your eyes with it.
The ears are cleaned once a month. This can be done both with a tampon and with special-purpose means. Be careful watching your baby’s ears. They contain a small amount of odorless sulfur. If you see redness, wet discharge, you feel a bad smell; the pet scratches its ear, shakes its head. it means that there is inflammation. Do not hesitate and see a doctor.
The coat should be brushed once a week with a special comb. We advise you to wash your dog three times a year, except in winter, using specialized dog hygiene products. After each walk, wash your pet with plain water; if there is no special pollution, wash only its paws. After bathing, dry the animal’s fur well. Protect your dog from drafts after a bath.
Healthy claws do not flake, do not crumble, dark shade. If the kid himself did not grind, then they must be cut with special guillotine scissors.
Now let’s take a closer look at how to feed a German thoroughbred shepherd puppy.
The basics of proper care
Taking care of your dog should be started on your first day together. You should immediately prohibit doing what, in your opinion, is not desirable to do. For example, go to bed or sofa. It is necessary to isolate from the animal all things that he can chew. Remove wires, close doors to those rooms where your little one should not poke his curious nose. Caring for a pet includes not only continuous attention, but also the observance of certain conditions for its normal existence in each year of its life.
Caring for and your pet includes the following basic points:
German Shepherd Puppy Care and Feeding Monthly
Do you know how to care for a German Shepherd puppy? How to feed him in what month of life so that the baby develops correctly, looks good and grows up as an excellent dog? You must understand that your pet is not a toy, and prepare for all the varied difficulties that you will have to face.
Regular care, strict education and the necessary diet are the basis for the development of the future pet, and, naturally, have their own characteristics. German Shepherd puppies grow to an adult very slowly, as this breed belongs to large dogs. All this time, somewhere around three years old, you should be extremely attentive and extremely sensitive to your temperamental baby.
But do not be afraid of future responsibilities, your endless love for the pet, his reciprocal devotion will help in this difficult matter. Let’s take a closer look at how feeding and caring for a German shepherd puppy takes place.
As mentioned above, a third of the feed should be protein foods. This meat, mostly raw, eggs, dairy products. Feeding a puppy with cereals alone, it is impossible to raise a good dog. In addition to protein, the diet also includes carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, fiber and minerals.
Meat must be given in raw form daily, finely chopped in advance. Giving minced meat is a bad option, if the baby eats it, then the stomach will not digest. Thanks to such meat, the pet grows healthy and strong, it is the best material for building muscles and bones. It is necessary to start feeding with meat from 50 grams to a month, 100 grams are already given per month, 200 grams in two, 300 grams in three, etc. It is best to divide the daily allowance by three to four times. From meat it is recommended to give the following options: veal, beef, horse meat. Fat is best cut off, it may cause indigestion. No pork!
Offal begins to feed the puppy at four months, three times a week. Although the baby eats them well, they will not replace meat. The liver is given only in boiled form, in order to avoid the entry of worms into the dog’s body. In addition to being easily absorbed and rich in vitamins A, B2, B12, nicotinic acid, iron, zinc, copper, the liver also has high dietary properties. The udder, lungs, heart, kidneys, scar, spleen begin to give from six months. May contain useful elements such as vitamins A, B, calcium, minerals.
Poultry offal such as skin and viscera are high in energy. Tubular pork and bird bones should not be given to shepherd dogs at all. the dog may choke. In addition, sharp fragments of these bones can injure the esophagus.
Eggs are a nutritious product, it is enough to give them once a week in the amount of two pieces. Only raw yolks are eaten, which can be mixed with porridge. Raw proteins are not digested. They can also be served as an omelet.
Dairy. Let’s give the first place to cottage cheese with large m of calcium. 350 grams daily will be sufficient. Chilled cottage cheese is mixed with whey and served in a mushy form. Then there are yogurt and kefir, which have a good effect on digestion. It is best to give the puppy unboiled goat or cow’s milk daily.
Fish is rich in substances such as vitamins, trace elements and minerals. Serve only boiled, boneless, twice a week. But you need to be extremely careful when giving fish to a puppy, since freshwater species can be infected with tapeworms. We advise you to give fish after a year. Squids are very useful, contributing to the improvement of the properties of the wool, containing vitamins B6, PP, B12, B2.
Dairy, animal, vegetable fats are an integral part of a pet’s diet. They are based on vitamins and fatty acids, thanks to which the baby grows healthy and immunity increases. If you cook lean food, be sure to add butter or fat to it. Daily Value: 2 grams per kilogram of body weight. Up to three months 10. 15 grams will be enough, from 3 to a year months it is necessary to give already 20. 30 grams.
Carbohydrates can in some cases replace fats, giving the puppy energy for growth and proper bowel function. They are found in sugar, vegetable fiber, starch. Enough 10-15 grams of carbohydrates per 1 kilogram of weight.
Loaf and cereals are not the main food, so they are used in small quantities. From cereals, give preference to rice, millet, buckwheat, boiling them in the form of porridge with the addition of vegetables. “Hercules” is given after six months. 250. 300 grams is enough to give daily. The loaf is served gray or rye in small portions in the form of crackers soaked in low-fat broth.
It is better not to give legumes to the shepherd, she eats them badly.
Vegetables can be given grated, making salads with a little vegetable oil. For a vitamin feed, boiled pumpkin with porridge is well suited. Steamed vegetables are well digested by the stomach. It is advisable to periodically give the baby tomatoes, which he eats with pleasure, especially in winter, they do an excellent job of cleaning teeth from plaque. For the prevention of worms, add a clove of garlic to your pet’s food. But potatoes are best eaten raw.
Herbs are an excellent vitamin supplement. Of all the herbs, it is better to refuse sorrel. it causes acute gastritis.
Fruits and berries are perfect for a diet that should be taught early in life. But give up grapes and citrus fruits.
Mineral feeding should be in the diet every day to keep your baby looking good. Pharmacy sulfur can be given a pinch along with meat to improve the quality of wool; the color is well influenced by seaweed, due to its high iodine content. Eggshells contain calcium, must be served in powder form from 1.5 months with 0.5 teaspoon per day, increasing the dose to one teaspoon three times a day by four months. Meat and bone meal should be added to the puppy’s soup 2 times a week. When the sheepdog grows up, this flour is placed in a separate bowl next to water so that she can eat it whenever she wants.
It is not advisable to give sweets, because of them the baby does not eat well. If you want to pamper your puppy, give him cheese or raw potatoes.
Eat a healthy diet. Be careful when caring for your pet. When feeding a new complementary food, watch the state of the digestive system and possible allergic reactions. Snacks between main meals are not advisable. The puppy should eat in a quiet, calm environment so that nothing distracts him from eating. This is necessary for excellent feed assimilation.
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How to feed a German shepherd
Eating a large dog (including a German shepherd) is not only costly, but also a very responsible process. Having found the exact answer to the question of what to feed your shepherd dog, you will lay the foundations for its long, healthy and high-quality life.
Experienced dog breeders prefer to feed their pets with natural products (both raw and thermally processed).
Allowed Foods for an Adult German Shepherd Dog:
- Beef, chicken, boiled pork (lean), goose (lean), turkey (without bones, skin and fat).
- By-products, including boiled beef udders. Small volume. liver and kidneys.
- Chicken and quail eggs. not daily (raw and in the form of an omelet).
- Low-fat saltwater fish (boiled, boneless).
- Cottage cheese and any dairy products (without dyes).
- Buckwheat and rice, less often. “Hercules”. For weight gain. wheat and barley groats, for weight loss. pearl barley.
- Potatoes and corn. only raw, cabbage. stewed and boiled, other vegetables. at the pet’s choice.
Occasionally you can pamper your Shepherd with citrus fruits (if there is no allergy). Exotic fruits are undesirable, and plums, apricots and peaches should be removed from the list of domestic ones: they can cause intestinal upset.
You can give berries of currant or mountain ash (a little), a little. almonds, pumpkin seeds, cashews, pine nuts.
Natural vitamins are poorly absorbed without vegetable oil (in small doses), so it is often added to vegetables and fruits. Also, with natural feeding, bone meal, yeast, tricalcium phosphate (feed), table salt (in micro doses!).
German Shepherd Puppy Diet
In puppyhood, a skeleton is formed and muscles grow, but if the dog is overfed, he is threatened with obesity. To avoid this problem, reduce the fat content of the portion without reducing its size.
At the same time, the excess protein (within reasonable limits) will not harm the puppies. Growing up German Shepherds are cautiously given calcium, which is recommended to most other breeds without restrictions, as its overdose is fraught with mutations.
Regardless of the type of food (dry or natural), the puppy eats according to the following scheme:
- 1-2 months. a glass of food, divided into 6 meals.
- 2-3 months. 1.5 cups in 5 sets.
- 3-6 months. 1 liter for 4 sets.
- 6-12 months. 1.5 L for 3 sets.
In a year, the dog is transferred to an adult meal schedule. twice a day. It is necessary to keep the puppy from overeating: accelerated weight gain can lead to diseases of the joints and spine.
Diet of an adult German shepherd
The phase of active growth of a shepherd dog lasts up to a year. During this period, the puppy is heavily fed, making sure that there is enough calcium and vitamins.
Up to 3 years old, the pet physically matures: the skeleton grows stronger, muscle mass grows, the shade of the coat changes. The emphasis in feeding is shifting. less carbohydrates and fats are required, more proteins and vitamins.
A full adult canine life is concluded in the interval from 3 to 6 years. The menu is balanced and free from surprises. If a shepherd is carrying / feeding offspring, it is entitled to vitamin supplements and a higher-calorie diet (at least a year after giving birth).
After 6 years, a dog’s pension comes, and 12-year-old specimens are considered centenarians. When thinking about what to feed an adult German Shepherd, you need to pay attention not only to basic products, but also to preparations that regenerate cartilage and bone tissues.
An elderly dog’s daily table should include:
- Preparations with chondroprotectors.
The latter will save the pet from age-related diseases associated with the musculoskeletal system.
What you can’t feed a German shepherd
The limitations are related to the design of the canine digestive tract. If the owner does not overlook, the shepherd can eat not only useless, but also dangerous for its health product.
- Bones. prickly and tubular.
- Semi-finished meat products, sausages and sausages.
- Legumes other than peanuts.
- Millet, semolina and corn grits.
- Pasta, loaf and muffin.
- Confectionery, including chocolate.
- Grapes, walnuts, acorns, raisins and pistachios.
Spices, including those with canned foods, should never be included in dog food.
The bowl of water should be full (especially for those dogs who eat industrial food). The replacement of one type of food for another (dry to natural and vice versa) occurs smoothly, within 7 days.
It is important to adhere to a few rules:
- The ration is issued strictly by the hour, twice a day. It promotes good digestion and soft stools.
- Food is slightly warm or at room temperature. Nothing hot and cold.
- The meal lasts 20 minutes. Excess food can cause volvulus, as German Shepherds have a small stomach.
- The food should be thick (due to the nature of canine digestion). Less fluid the better.
It is great if you get a stand that raises food to chest level. It’s good for the musculoskeletal system.
The natural diet of the German Shepherd is distributed as follows:
- 1/3. meat (fresh or boiled). Fish is allowed once a week;
- 1/3. porridge (preferably from buckwheat and rice);
- 1/3 of the daily volume. vegetables and dairy products. If milk provokes diarrhea in your shepherd, do without it.
And don’t forget about vitamin and mineral complexes. In this matter, it is better to trust the veterinarian.
Experienced cynologists know that there is no universal diet, suggesting to take into account not only its calorie content and composition, but also the character of the dog and the loads ahead of it.
An excess of fats is contraindicated for a phlegmatic person, a sanguine person needs proteins, a choleric person can easily master a large amount of carbohydrates. The pet walks a lot, which means it will easily burn extra calories. Busy with work, for example, patrolling. include carbohydrate and protein foods in the menu, removing fatty ones. Any emotional overload will also require carbohydrates.
It is difficult to organize food for the German Shepherd only at first. Over time, the basic principles of diet formation will become clear to you:
- Proteins. up to 70%. This is meat pulp, freed from skin, bones and fat, as well as offal, cottage cheese, milk and eggs.
- Carbohydrates. up to 40%. These are slowly digestible cereals (cereals), as well as vegetables / fruits with healthy fiber and fast carbohydrates.
- Fat. 20 to 40% (animal and vegetable).
Despite the strong opinion about the harmlessness of protein foods, it is forbidden to rely solely on proteins.
Dry food for the German shepherd
Avoid packaging with licensed products. as a rule, they are inferior to branded products. If the company is located in Germany, and the country of origin is Poland, then the feed was released under license.
When choosing a pack, study its composition:
- A balanced feed contains no soy or beans, but contains cereals.
- Protein in dry granules. 30-50%.
- Granules (except for puppies and lactating bitches) must not be oily.
- Red and green dyes are invisible in good food.
Buy a product in its original packaging (not by weight). this is a guarantee that you will not be slipped an old or damp one.
Prevention of tartar, which often appears from dry food, will be boiled cartilage (once a week).
Do not overfeed your shepherd, remembering that food is superior in calories to natural food. If the body rejects industrial food, revise the dog menu: keep the pet on boiled meat, vegetables and rice.
After composition, pay attention to the class and ditch the economy class products, including Chappi, Pedigree and Darling, which are not recommended for German Shepherds.
If you are determined to give your shepherd industrial food, purchase packages labeled “super-premium” and “premium”. only such food can be called truly complete.