Diet. how many times a day to feed an adult dog and puppy?
Drawing up the correct diet, a competent diet, as well as deciding how many times a day to feed the dog is the primary task of the owner.
It is important to determine the amount of food consumed and the frequency of meals. overfeeding or malnutrition of the animal threatens health problems. A balanced diet, on the other hand, will have a beneficial effect on the general physical condition and mood of the pet.
During pregnancy and lactation
Pregnant and lactating females eat more often. During the fourth to sixth week of pregnancy, the number of meals is increased to three. After the puppies appear, the dog is fed even more often. four times a day.
The frequency of feeding depends on the breed, age and activity of the dog. The owner decides how many times a day to feed an adult dog. It is recommended to feed large and medium-sized individuals twice a day, dividing the daily portion:
- In two parts;
- Giving 2/3 of the volume in the morning, and the rest in the evening;
- Giving 1/3 of the volume in the morning, and the remaining 2/3 in the evening.
It is allowed to feed small breed dogs, such as the Papillon, once a day. It is worth remembering that one meal a day increases the risk of bowel and stool problems. Also, food once a day is contraindicated in diseases of the liver, gastrointestinal tract. Note that for such decorative pets as Yorkshire Terrier, Petit Brabancon, Chinese Crested, two meals a day are preferable. in the morning and at night.
After a heavy meal, dogs tend to sleep well. This trait can be used to advantage by feeding your pet a large portion in the morning if it is forced to be alone at home. Then the dog after breakfast will want to sleep soundly, which means that it will be less bored and in the evening it will have more time and energy to communicate with its beloved owner.
Is there enough food?
Reduce the portion if:
- The food remains;
- The pet does not eat everything, but delves into the bowl, choosing the tastier pieces, leaving the rest uneaten;
- The pet sweeps away the entire volume and gains weight;
- The dog constantly buries some food in the ground.
Increase the portion if the dog completely sweeps away the prescribed amount of food, happily takes additional treats, and then furiously asks for food again.
The amount of food is reduced gradually. Pet appearance and generalized breed weights help to estimate the dog’s weight.
The ribs of a pet of normal weight are not visible, but can be easily felt; the pet looks slim, but not emaciated.
The amount of food the body needs depends on the energy expended, so the amount of servings is increased for active pets. For the same reason, dogs living in the yard are given more food than apartment dogs, because they spend more energy.
In summer, the animal may sometimes refuse to eat due to scorching heat and reduced activity, while in winter food is eaten more readily.
From one and a half to two months, pets are given small portions six times a day.
In the third month of life, the number of meals is reduced to five, but the amount of food is increased.
From four to five months, babies are fed every four hours, for example, at seven, eleven, fifteen and nineteen hours.
From six to seven months, feeding occurs three times a day, then the number of meals is reduced to two.
When fed naturally, puppies up to six months old are given portions weighing five to seven percent of the animal’s weight.
The owner must compose an individual ration for feeding the pet. In addition to him, no one can know the amount and composition of food or dry hypoallergenic food that is specifically required by his animal.
Freedom of action can lead to overeating and obesity. Often, after a hearty meal, the pet watches the host’s meal with pitiful eyes, begging for tidbits. You can’t give in to persuasion. When the pet realizes that nothing shines for him, he will go about his business.
You need to react a little differently to the begging situation, if the dog is not just begging for tasty morsels, but looks into the bowl all day. The owner should think about the insufficiency of the daily portion and increase its volume. If this measure does not help and the pet again without measure requires supplementation, it is necessary to contact the veterinarian for a health check. perhaps this is a manifestation of worms. Photos of such parasites were published earlier.
The daily norm of natural food by volume should be approximately equal to three to four percent of the animal’s weight. When feeding with industrial feed, pay attention to the information on the pack. it always indicates the daily need for food. However, the indicators are generalized, depending on activity and other characteristics, you can increase or decrease the portion.
How many times to feed?
The number of meals gradually decreases with age. How many times to feed the dog. the puppy will be described further.
It is best to give food three hours before intense physical activity and one hour before normal walking. For productive assimilation of food by the body after a hearty meal, the animal is given the opportunity to rest for one to two hours. The dog quickly gets used to the developed feeding regime.
After eating, the pet should feel hunger: the feeling of fullness will come later. Dogs eat quickly, so they can consume too many servings before they are full, which can lead to overeating. The owner must limit the amount of food consumed by the pet.
Elderly pets are given less food, about two to three percent of the animal’s weight.
The health of the pet depends on a well-planned diet and feeding regime. When compiling it, many factors are taken into account, including: breed, age, activity and other individual characteristics. They will be completely different, for example, the Akita Inu and the Yorkshire Terrier. How many times a day a dog should be fed is ultimately decided by the owner based on the breed, age, size and mobility of the pet, but it is highly undesirable to do it more than twice a day or to feed it “from the table”.
Also check out the video on how to feed your dogs properly:
The danger of overfeeding and underfeeding
Overfeeding a red-eared turtle can cause:
- Abnormal growth of young individuals, in this case they have a disproportionately large shell and fragile, small paws;
- Obesity of adult reptiles, they have fat on the sides when they pull their paws into the shell, skin folds that look like bubbles are visible;
- The pyramidal shape of the shell, in which you can see tubercles on it, such a pathology provokes various diseases of the internal organs of the turtle;
- Tympania, in which the reptile does not drown in water and falls on its right side, undigested food is visible in the feces, it can blow bubbles from the mouth, vomiting is possible.
Lack of food will lead to depletion of the pet, in which skin peeling from the paws of the reptile is observed.
Therefore, it is so important to know how much and how often to feed the red-eared turtles.
How much and how often to feed red-eared turtles?
The red-eared turtle is a predator. The appearance of the reptile, the state of its health and life expectancy depend on proper feeding. The main cause of reptile disease is overfeeding. Therefore, you need to know how often and how much to feed the red-eared turtle.
Feeding frequency of red-eared turtles
How often you need to feed depends on the age of the pet and the type of food, the time of year.
Small reptiles, whose age is less than a year or the size of up to 10-12 cm (the red-eared turtle is measured along the abdominal shield of the shell), should be fed 1-2 times a day every day.
Serving sizes are dependent on your pet’s activity. Experts advise that in order to find out the amount of feed per feeding, you need to track how much the animal eats in half an hour and give as much each time. Approximate amount of food is equal to half of the carapace of a reptile.
If a young turtle ignores food and does not eat, then it is worth reducing the portion size and keeping the pet hungry for 1-2 days.
If the red-eared turtle is older than a year, then it should be fed 2-3 times a week. At the same time, the terrarium should have plant food that the pet could eat whenever he wants.
The older the red-eared turtle, the less it needs to be fed, up to once a week.
But it must be borne in mind that the appetite of reptiles is different, so it is important to carefully monitor your pet: the turtle reports what it wants to eat with its behavior. She is active at the sight of the owner, in various ways she tries to attract attention to herself, hits the water with her paws and flops down, but when you feed her, she calms down. Thus, a reptile can ask for food every day, or maybe once every 7 days.
When an adult refuses food, it is advised to reduce its amount and give it less often.
It must be remembered that the red-eared turtle leads a diurnal lifestyle and its metabolic rate depends on the temperature, so it should be fed in the morning or afternoon, but if you give it food before turning off the lamp, then there is a possibility that the food will not be digested, but will settle in the stomach and will start to rot.
How much red-eared turtles eat depends on the time of year: in spring and summer they eat more, and less in winter, as they hibernate.
If the turtle is exhausted, then it should be fed every day, there should be as much food as the pet will eat.
How long can a turtle go without food??
Adults, if they are healthy, can not eat without harm to their body for 2 weeks, young reptiles. up to a week. When a pet is too small, it can live 3-7 days without food.
Therefore, if the owners have to leave, then you can leave an adult turtle for 7-10 days alone, nothing will happen to her. However, it is advisable to put small fish, snails and algae into the terrarium, if the reptile gets hungry, it can eat them.
The turtle may not eat for several reasons:
- Because of the cold;
- Due to stress;
- During the breeding season, if the terrarium contains heterosexual individuals, then during mating games they do not eat, but after their end, the appetite will return to the reptiles;
- Due to the transfer of the pet to an adult diet too early, small turtles should not be given fish and boiled eggs;
- Because of illness.
When you first got a reptile, it takes a while for it to get used to the change of scenery. If the turtle refuses food for more than 3 days, but at the same time it is mobile and does not have visible signs of illness, then perhaps you are taking care of it incorrectly.
When the pet is passive, it has nasal discharge, sneezing, swollen eyes, the turtle blows bubbles, then it should be shown to a specialist.
It is important not to overfeed the red-eared turtle, but you cannot starve it to death. The food should be thrown directly into the water, but be careful not to let any leftover food rot in the cage. To avoid this, you can put the pet in a separate container with water during feeding, and then return it back to the terrarium.
How many times a day to feed the puppy
A puppy in the house is joy, fun, commotion. But besides positive emotions, the appearance of a baby raises some questions and one of the first. what and how many times a day to feed the puppy. Naturally, you need to take into account the age of the dog, its size and other aspects. Let’s figure it out.
How many times a day should a puppy be fed
The smaller the baby, the more often it has to be fed. For example, a monthly baby should be given food 6-7 times a day, and from 10-12 months it is recommended to transfer it to an adult regimen. 2 meals a day. The ideal time for the first feed is from 6 am to 8 am and the last from 7 pm to 10 pm. over, the smaller the puppy, the earlier he needs to be given food in the morning and later in the evening. This will allow him to go to bed in a good-natured mood and not feel strong hunger in the morning while waiting for feeding.
When determining the feeding schedule, the individual characteristics of the breed and the dog itself are taken into account, but, on average, it includes the following:
- From one to two months. six to seven times a day with an interval of 3 hours between feedings;
- From 2 to 4 months. five meals a day, the interval increases to 4 hours;
- From 4 months to six months. four meals a day (one in the morning and in the evening, and 2 daily);
- From six months to 10 months. three meals a day (one day’s feeding is removed);
- From 10 months Up to one year of age. two meals a day. morning and evening. In small breeds, the transition to an adult diet occurs a little earlier, in large and giant breeds. a little later.
Experts do not recommend changing the number of feedings if the baby is not ready for this. Usually the puppies themselves ignore one of the feedings, which is a signal to cancel. If the pet expects and with all its appearance shows that it is hungry, you should not deprive it of food.
What to feed your puppy. dry food or natural food?
Perhaps this is one of the first dilemmas. to choose dry diets or feeding with natural food. By the way, veterinarians still disagree on what is the best option. You can take into account the opinion of the doctor, the breeder, where the baby was purchased, and evaluate all the pros and cons of both types of feeding. The positive aspects of production diets include the following:
- Most dogs eat dry food, even those that are fussy;
- Manufacturers produce various product lines, and there is an opportunity to choose a more suitable one, even if the dog has any diseases or suffers from food allergies;
- Serving size and measuring is easy;
- Dry food can be stored for a long time without a refrigerator, so they can be purchased in bulk, this is especially important if the pet is large or there are several of them;
- There is no need to waste time on cooking;
- Ready-made dry rations are the cleanest type of feeding, when neither the dog nor things around him get dirty;
- High-quality feeds are maximally balanced and contain everything you need, so additional intake of additives and feeding is not required.
Despite the large number of advantages, there are some disadvantages of this type of feeding:
- The composition of the feed is known only to the producers;
- High quality feed is quite expensive;
- Cheap rations are affordable, but their composition is not ideal, they contain more plant components, artificial additives, flavor enhancers, flavors, etc. are allowed.
When choosing, you should not focus on a well-known brand and advertising, it is best to heed the advice of a veterinarian and a breeder. Natural diets also have benefits:
- The owner knows exactly what his puppy is eating;
- There is confidence in the freshness of the prepared dish;
- There are no various additives in the diet. preservatives, dyes, etc.;
- The dog gets natural protein and fiber.
Before giving preference to this type of feeding, owners should also take into account the negative nuances:
- The food will have to be prepared, if not daily, then every other day for sure;
- Food is stored for a short time and only in a refrigerator;
- Everything that the dog hasn’t eaten is thrown away;
- If the pet eats stale food that has stood in the bowl for a long time, then you should expect signs of poisoning, so it is important to make sure that the pet eats everything at once;
- Puppies do not always eat neatly, therefore, not only the pet’s face, but also everything around the feeding place can be smeared in the porridge;
- Difficulty balancing and dispensing daily serving;
- With natural feeding, the pet will periodically need vitamin and mineral supplements.
Another nuance. it is not difficult to transfer a pet from natural food to dry food, but in the opposite process, difficulties are possible. the pet can go on a hunger strike.
Features of natural feeding
If in the case of dry diets everything is more or less clear, then with natural feeding questions may arise. What can be included in the diet of a small pet and what should be avoided? A puppy’s menu from 1 to 3 months should include the following foods:
- Cottage cheese (it is recommended to cook it yourself, adding calcium chloride);
- Milk and whey;
- Low-fat dairy products. varenets, fermented baked milk, kefir, yogurt;
- Milk porridge. buckwheat, oatmeal;
- Pieces of boiled meat. beef, veal, lamb, rabbit;
- Steamed or raw vegetables, fruits. zucchini, carrots, apples, pears.
First of all, food for small puppies should be brought to a mushy state and eventually include pieces of food. Porridge, vegetable stews can be seasoned with butter, vegetable oil. From 3 months, they begin to give the pet raw meat, although for some breeds this is recommended from the first days. To prevent the baby from becoming infected with helminths, the meat should be frozen in the freezer, and before serving it should be defrosted and scalded with boiling water.
From 4 months, boiled eggs, a small amount of sour cream, sea fish can be included in the diet. Chicken is an allergen, so from six months you can try to give it to your pet for a test, but be sure to monitor his condition. At the same time, you can give the dog offal, but only boiled.
From six months to 9 months, the diet does not change too much, it should also be balanced and include all the necessary components. The main products are meat, offal. they make up at least 50% of the total diet.
Proper feeding is the key to the health and longevity of your pet, and this issue must be approached with all seriousness. The puppy must receive quality food and always in compliance with the regimen.
What to feed
Under natural conditions, red-eared fish mainly feed on crustaceans, fry, small fish, as well as insects and snails. The reptile also needs plant foods.
At home, she can be fed with various types of commercial food. It is important that the pet’s diet is varied, so it should be added to the diet and natural food. It is worth noting that this species of turtles needs to be fed with water, as they are not able to produce saliva on their own.
How many times a day should a red-eared turtle be fed
The red-eared turtle is the most common type of domesticated turtle. This reptile is of medium size, interesting color and has a fairly high level of intelligence. In reason, she surpasses many other species of her own kind.
How much and how often to feed the red-eared turtle?
It is difficult to answer both of these questions unequivocally: it all depends on the size of the pet, age, as well as the food that the reptile eats. To begin with, consider young turtles, that is, up to a year old. It is worth feeding them every day with commercial food. However, it is necessary to give vegetable food: vegetables, herbs, fruits, even if the pet at first will refuse.
It is worth trying to feed the turtle with bloodworms, you can begin to introduce aquatic crustaceans into the diet. The amount of food for young turtles is also different from that for older representatives of this species. They should get about fifty percent (50%) of the protein in their food daily. Therefore, feeding artificial food alone will not be enough.
To cover such a lack of nutrition, the reptile owner needs to add turtles to the menu. fish such as guppies, if possible, earthworms and insects. Some experts claim that already at such a young age, your pet can happily eat boiled meat or minced meat. However, this food should be introduced into the diet gradually.
Since the food may vary, you need to carefully select the brand specifically for your pet. Namely: according to his age and size. It is important to know that young representatives of this type of reptiles need additional feeding with vitamins, about this it is worth consulting with the breeder or veterinarian.
Only with proper feeding can red-eared turtles grow and develop normally.
For adult red-eared turtles (over a year old), the percentage of artificial food in the diet should be at least ten (10%) and no more than twenty-five (25%).
It is worth gradually adding plant foods (for turtles older than a year, these are lettuce, dandelion leaves, cabbage and pieces of fresh cucumber). All this must be given, even if the pet refuses at first. You can and even should give the turtle boiled or raw chicken or beef meat.
Some experts suggest giving a red-eared turtle. raw meat of lean fish, but pre-cooked (about a minute) in boiling water. Small aquarium fish can be given both crushed and live, however, it is worth commencing the size of the live bait with the size of the turtle.
A reptile that is one to two years old should be fed every other day. And an older pet, starting from the age of two, needs to be fed every two or even three days. But this, again, also depends on the individual characteristics of the reptile.
The turtle, which has reached the age of three years, begins to feed on algae more and more. To make the aquarium look aesthetically pleasing, aquatic plants should be grown in a place separate from the reptile.
It is important not to overfeed your pet, but at the same time not to leave without the vitamins it needs. Any food for reptiles must be of high quality and fresh. Frozen food should be defrosted and warmed up to room temperature.
Food for turtles of all ages should be thrown directly into the water, however, it is important to correctly calculate the amount of food, otherwise the half-eaten food will rot in the water, after which it will need to be changed.
You should feed the reptile during daylight hours, as they are active during the day. With the correct calculation of the age, size, characteristics of the red-eared turtle and the selection of food, the owner will have a healthy and happy pet.
How many times a day should a red-eared turtle be fed
For the correct keeping of a water turtle at home, the diet is of great importance. The peculiarity of these suppressors is excellent appetite, which often becomes the cause of overeating and the subsequent development of serious diseases. Therefore, it is important not only to find the right food for your pet, but also to establish an accurate meal schedule.
How many times a day to feed the cubs
Adequate nutrition is especially important for small individuals going through a phase of rapid growth. With each portion of food, they should receive the proteins, trace elements and vitamins necessary for survival and proper development. Because of the high metabolic rate, the young eat very often. It is recommended to feed individuals up to 1 year old every day, at least 1-2 times a day.
Feeding your red-eared turtle too often in its first year of life can have serious health consequences:
- Indigestion. the pet may regurgitate food, undigested pieces can be seen in the feces; inability to digest protein food can lead to its decay in the digestive tract, death of the baby;
- Obesity. the body quickly grows due to excess weight, the shell becomes larger in volume, the reason is usually the frequent consumption of fatty fish;
- Disproportionate development. the shell becomes too bulky, deformed due to rapid growth, takes a pyramidal shape.
Deformation of the shell
Overeating leads to liver and gastrointestinal disease, which can become chronic and significantly shorten the life of the pet. A too rare feeding is also dangerous. if the turtle regularly refuses to eat, this can lead to exhaustion, developmental disorders.
The amount of food for a single feeding must be calculated empirically. the pet must eat it in half an hour.
Leftover food must be removed completely to avoid contaminating the water. It is recommended to use a special tray for the feeding procedure, which is easy to clean. It will be easier for the little turtle to collect all the pieces of food in a shallow container, it will also teach it not to beg for food when in the main terrarium. After the meal, the animal must be transplanted under the lamp.
How to feed adults
Owners often do not know how many times a week to feed a large red-eared turtle to avoid overeating. During the first 2-4 years of life, the young individual is actively gaining weight and increasing in size. If a high temperature is maintained in the aquarium, many pets do not lose their appetite at all and actively beg for food, noisily splashing water, and sometimes moving their island.
Other animals begin to refuse food more often as they get older. This is also a variant of the norm. the metabolism slows down over time. Most veterinarians agree that the average feeding frequency for an adult water turtle is at least 2-3 times a week. If the pet eats less often, a possible cause may be the development of the disease, so it is better to show it to the doctor.
The amount of food is calculated individually, depending on the activity of the pet, its size, and the season. It is necessary to carefully monitor how the turtle eats in order to calculate its optimal one-time rate. In the summer, the pet may ask for food more often due to the increase in daylight hours, increased activity, so you can increase the portions. Sea turtles require both protein and plant-based foods, so extra meals are best reserved for fresh greens.
With proper and balanced nutrition, a six-month-old kitten already has 4/5 of its final body weight. The activity and curiosity, which was observed throughout this time, gradually decreases at 6 months. Of course, the kitten will continue to play and run around the apartment. However, at the same time, his body will already spend much less energy.
In fact, after six months in front of you is no longer a small pet, but an adult cat. And you need to feed him as befits adult animals. Ultimately, the diet should remain:
- Milk products;
- Boiled meat;
- Chicken or vegetable broths;
- Hard-boiled eggs;
I will say for myself. by this time the purr will already have special preferences in food. Therefore, take a closer look at which products the cat loves and which ones are bypassed.
Features of feeding kittens depending on age
Above, I already told you that feeding kittens will depend primarily on the age of your pet. This is due to active changes in the body and the need in a particular period of time for a certain set of vitamins and microelements. Therefore, let’s take a closer look at how the fluffy diet changes over time.
How to feed a kitten?
Have you dreamed of a pet for so long and finally brought a little furry into your house? Well, congratulations. this ball of wool will sincerely love and delight you every day. Of course, do not forget that the responsibility for the life and health of a little kitten lies primarily with its owners. This is why it is so important to plan the right diet for your purr. Below I will tell you the best way to feed your kitten so that it grows up healthy and happy.
- Basic feeding rules
- How many times a day to feed a kitten?
- Features of feeding kittens depending on age
- What can not be fed to kittens?
- What food to feed the kitten?
Well, you introduced the kid to some food items. Now it’s time to find out what to feed your kitten at 2 months old? There will be no difference from the previous stage. The only important change in the diet is that you can now use special dry foods. Many of them take into account the peculiarities of the development of the body of pussies and offer balanced complexes containing all the necessary vitamins and minerals.
At 2 months, the kitten’s jaws are able to cope not only with mashed potatoes, but also with solid food. Now you do not need to interrupt meat and vegetables in a blender. The kid himself will like to feel like a predator, chewing on small pieces of food.
Do you want to know what to feed two-month-old kittens in addition to all of the above products:
- Fresh or boiled vegetables (pumpkin, cabbage, carrots);
- Lean sea fish (make sure I don’t have bones);
- Sprouted sprouts of oats or wheat;
- Dairy products (fermented baked milk, yogurt without additives, kefir, cottage cheese, fat-free sour cream);
- Cereal porridge (water or milk).
At 4 months and up to six months, kittens have a rapid jump in height and weight. That is why it is important to choose the most balanced and correct diet. How to feed a kitten at this age? You can leave all the same products that I listed before. The key is to add several meals that will contain the maximum amount of protein. It is he who influences the increase in muscle mass and the harmonious development of the purr.
By 4 months, the kitten’s jaw is fully formed. From now on, you can give him small bones, large pieces of meat. Be sure to keep fresh or cooked vegetables in your diet. They have a positive effect on the work of the gastrointestinal tract and saturate the body with vitamins.
What can not be fed to kittens?
Having figured out what and how to feed a small kitten, it is also important to remember which foods should not be given to a fluffy:
- Rice porrige. Causes disruptions in the gastrointestinal tract.
- Tomatoes, potatoes, eggplant. They contain substances that are toxins for the feline body. Cannot be used raw or cooked.
- Fruit. Not only do they not contain any benefit to the pet, but can also cause an allergic reaction.
- Leguminous plants. Not absorbed and provoke a malfunction of the gastrointestinal tract.
Remember that the health of your purr will depend on the correct balanced diet. Violation of the balance of vitamins and minerals can cause serious diseases:
- Diabetes. Of course, this disease is more genetic. However, it can develop against the background of a decrease in immunity, which in turn manifests itself as a result of malnutrition.
- Avitaminosis. Lack of vitamins of a certain group affects the harmonious development of muscles, immune system and internal organs of pets.
- Poisoning. Rather, it is the effects of feeding low-quality products. In some cases, onion, garlic or dark chocolate can also cause symptoms of poisoning.
Basic feeding rules
As soon as a small pet crosses the threshold of the house, many owners begin to think about what to feed the kitten. After all, a growing body needs a balanced diet with all the useful vitamins and minerals. Below we will consider the dietary habits of kittens, depending on their age. Now I’ll try to put together a basic set of rules that explains which foods can be used and which are not suitable for feeding kittens.
- First of all, one should take into account the fact that cats are carnivores, the basis of the diet of which is mainly protein products. Depending on age and breed, meat ingredients should make up between 30% and 50% of all other food.
- Of course, it is important to listen to the recommendations of veterinarians when composing a diet for a small kitten. However, sometimes an animal from a very early age feels better what its body needs. See which products the kitten loves more, and to which he is absolutely indifferent.
- In addition to meat products, the diet should include dairy products, broths, eggs, some vegetables (corn, carrots).
Let’s start at a very young age and find out how to feed a kitten 1 month old. If up to 3-4 weeks he can completely get by with mother’s milk, then, stepping over the threshold of 1 month, babies begin to take an interest in various food products from the table of their owners. It is at this time that veterinarians advise to start feeding kittens.
A 4-week-old kitten is an active, inquisitive animal that will happily taste all new products. So try to keep the purr away from unhealthy food. Remember that all this time the only food your pet has known is milk. Therefore, feeding should start with products that have the most similar consistency. Otherwise, the furry may refuse to eat.
Also, the basis of a monthly kitten’s diet can be dairy products. First of all, we are talking about cottage cheese, which contains a large amount of calcium, which makes it possible to strengthen the bones and teeth of the purr.
By the way, you can interrupt in a blender not only meat. Many kittens enjoy eating boiled vegetables and soups. Keep in mind that raw food at such an early age is harmful to the kitten’s body. Baby’s stomach is not yet able to digest heavy foods.
How many times a day to feed a kitten?
Now let’s figure out how many times to feed the kitten. As a rule, feeding small fluffies begins from a month after their birth. It is then that you need to start planning the cat’s diet, as well as the meal schedule. Please note that a growing organism must eat 5 to 7 times throughout the day. And in some periods (when the kitten’s body undergoes growth spurts), babies may require more food. So here you will have to focus on the individual characteristics of the purr.
How often to feed the kitten? The number of meals will directly depend on the age of the cat:
- 3-4 weeks. These babies need to be fed 7-8 times a day (taking into account the night time).
- 1.5-2 months. Feel free to remove one night feed. 6-7 meals a day are enough for two-month-old kittens.
- 2 to 3 months. Take out another meal, leaving 6 servings a day.
- 4-6 months. The frequency of feeding at this time is no more than 5 times a day.
- 6-9 months. Now you only need to fill the bowl with food 3-4 times a day.
- Closer to one year. 3 times a day.
Depending on the age of the pet, you should calculate not only how often to feed the kittens, but also how much food to put in the bowl.
- For small kittens (up to 1.5 months). The total weight of food during the day should be 120-130 g.
- After a few weeks, the amount of food in the plate increases slightly. 2-month-old kittens need 150-180 g of food per day.
- The active growth period occurs in the third month of the kitten and lasts until the onset of six months of age. At this time, the daily portion of food increases sharply to 220-250 g.
- After six months, the kitten will have enough 180 g of food per day. He gained enough muscle and fat mass in the previous step. Now the main thing is to even out the diet, paying attention to what the pet loves.
- Closer to one year, the growth process of the body is completed, the activity of the purr decreases, and therefore the daily food intake becomes more stable (180-200 g).
What, how and when to feed your turtle
It is recommended to feed a domestic turtle during the daytime when the exotic pet is most active. It is also allowed to give food with the onset of the evening, but always a few hours before night sleep.
A hungry pet constantly and very actively inspects the bottom of the terrarium or aquarium. If the turtle refuses feed for too long, then it is very important to show the exotic to a qualified veterinarian.
Among other things, loss of appetite is observed in animals recently acquired or adapting to unusual conditions.
It is important to remember that the transfer of exotic foods from one type of diet to another must be done gradually, at least over a couple of weeks.
If several individuals of different ages are kept in one terrarium or aquarium at once, then it is imperative to control the feeding process so that all animals receive a sufficient amount of food.
Feeding aquatic turtles
To feed young aquatic turtles, bloodworms, tubifex, dried daphnia and gammarus, earthworms, as well as special concentrates are most often used, which are intended for feeding ordinary aquarium fish.
Large adult water turtles need raw or boiled chicken or lean beef. Occasionally, you can feed the aquatic exotic with fillets of sea fish boiled for a couple of minutes.
Older specimens perfectly tolerate plant food in the form of almost any algae, with the exception of Elodea and poisonous limnophila, as well as pond duckweed, thoroughly washed with boiled water. Quite a worthy substitute for algae will also be garden lettuce leaves or dandelion leaves.
All feed is poured directly into the water. The amount of food should not be excessive, since uneaten food debris quickly enough rot in the aquatic environment, making the aquarium space unsuitable for exotic life.
From time to time you can give the aquatic turtle live small aquarium fish. Guppies and swordtails, as well as goldfish are best suited for these purposes.
The main daily diet of the herbivorous turtle includes lettuce and cabbage leaves, as well as dandelion leaves and herbs, the amount of which should be about 80% of the total diet.
Also, the main products can be attributed to vegetables, represented by zucchini, cucumbers, carrots and tomatoes, the amount of which can reach 15% of the daily menu. The remaining 5-6% should be bananas, pears and apples, berry crops.
Supplements to the main diet of herbivorous turtles are the products presented:
- Champignons and other easily digestible types of edible mushrooms;
- Plant crops in the form of sorrel, plantain, coltsfoot, lawn grass, thistle leaves, aerial parts of clover, peas and timothy, sprouted oats and Veronica;
- Fruits and berries in the form of orange, tangerine, mango, plum, apricot, peach and melon;
- Vegetables in the form of bell peppers, beets, onion feathers, carrot tops, squash and pumpkin, artichoke and horseradish, as well as major legumes;
- Berries in the form of watermelon, strawberries and wild strawberries, raspberries and blackberries.
You also need to supplement the daily diet with bran, raw sunflower seeds, dry yeast and dry seaweed.
Once a week, it is imperative to give home exotic a hard-boiled egg, and once every four weeks. garden snails and slugs, or rather large insects.
Turtle nutritional features
Depending on the type of food, there are three main subgroups of domesticated turtles:
- Predatory species in most cases feed on meat, but about 10% of the diet must necessarily be a variety of plant foods. These species include many aquatic turtles, as well as young red-eared and marsh turtles;
- Herbivorous species need food from plants and vegetables, as well as fruits, but occasionally they use small amounts of lean meat products for food. Such exotics include terrestrial Central Asian and Mediterranean species;
- Omnivorous species consume the same amount of meat products and basic crops. This group is represented by red-eared, marsh and red-footed turtles.
It is necessary to feed domestic turtles correctly, since with an incorrectly prepared diet, metabolism is noticeably disrupted. The quality of life of the exotic is deteriorating, and various diseases associated with the digestive system occur.
The main daily diet of a predatory turtle includes low-fat varieties of river and sea fish, including pollock, hake, cod, navaga and perch species, as well as fresh beef or chicken liver.
Such products are given to homemade exotic about once a week. Adult pets eat small pieces of fish with the addition of finely crushed ridge. Young individuals need to cut food into small enough pieces.
Supplements to the main diet of the predatory turtle are the products presented:
- Raw seafood, including shell shrimp, squid, octopus tentacles, mussels and oysters
- Crab meat, frogs, forage hairless mice or laboratory rats;
- Ground snails, large pond snails, ampullaria and coils;
- Certain insects, including bugs, forage cockroaches, earthworms, mealworms, hairless caterpillars, bloodworms, tubifex, and wood lice.
Vegetable components in the form of aquatic plants, fruits and vegetables, some types of cabbage are also necessary for domestic turtles for full development.
It is strictly forbidden to feed a domestic predatory turtle with the following products:
- Fatty beef meat;
- Pork meat;
- Lamb meat;
- Cheese of any kind;
- Dairy and fermented milk products;
- Loaf of bakery products.
It is interesting! A very good result is obtained by using special industrial rations for feeding, which can be loose, granular, in the form of tablets or capsules, as well as flakes or fortified sticks.
DIY turtle food
A very common and affordable, in terms of self-production, a treat for domestic turtles is a feed mixture, the basis of which is vegetable agar-agar or edible gelatin of animal origin.
Such food is able not only to completely solve the problem of full-fledged feeding of the turtle, but also allows you to make the pet’s diet as varied, nutritious and useful as possible.
For cooking, you need to purchase the main ingredients presented:
- Cabbage. 50g;
- Apples. 50g;
- Carrots. 50g;
- Sea fish. 145g;
- A couple of raw eggs;
- Raw squid. 100g;
- Powdered milk. 150g;
- Gelatin. 30g;
- Clean drinking water. 150ml;
- “Tetravit”. 20 drops;
- “Glycerophosphate calcium”. 10 tablets.
Gelatin should be dissolved in water, which will make it possible to obtain the basis for the nutritional mixture, to which it is necessary to add all of the above ingredients, as well as crushed tablets “Calcium Glycerophosphate” and “Tetravit”.
The prepared formula must be kept in the refrigerator. Before giving to the animal, such food is cut into small cubes and warmed at room temperature. This amount of ingredients is designed to make ten full servings for feeding an adult.
The main daily diet of the omnivorous turtle includes plant foods and animal products, given in equal amounts. Terrestrial omnivorous turtles need to be fed animal food in the form of forage mice, rats and frogs, insects, snails and slugs, and aquatic ones. fish menu and seafood.
Plant food for terrestrial exotics includes terrestrial plants, vegetables, some fruits and vegetables, and aquatic species prefer algae and any other non-toxic aquatic plants.
Feeding land turtles
Terrestrial species of turtles, as a rule, feed on plant foods:
- Dandelion and lettuce leaves;
- Fresh carrots;
- Fresh apples and pears;
- Cucumbers and tomatoes.
Periodically, it is imperative to supplement the diet of a land turtle with boiled chicken or quail eggs. Among other things, special calcium and vitamin supplements should be given to such exotics every day. You need to feed such pets in moderation to completely eliminate the risk of overfeeding.
It is recommended to feed young and actively growing individuals a couple of times a day, and an adult land turtle. once a day. About once a week, it is advisable to arrange a fasting day for a home exotic.
Meat that has not undergone sufficient heat treatment can provoke the defeat of the exotic by salmonellosis. A young turtle must be taught to take food from tweezers.
What to feed your turtle
At home, not only terrestrial, but also aquatic species of turtles are increasingly kept, respectively, the food supply for such an exotic pet must be selected in accordance with the species characteristics.