What affects the lifespan of a Chihuahua
As we found out, Chihuahuas live for at least 15 years under favorable living conditions, when they are fed with a variety of useful foods, protected from dangers, and regretted. But even caring Chihuahua owners may not even cross the 10-year threshold. Consider what factors affect the lifespan of these slender dogs:
Genetics. To determine what the life span of a particular Chihuahua dog will be, sometimes it is enough to look at its parents. The mother dog had a bunch of serious illnesses and died early? There is a possibility that her children will not live long;
Health status. In general, Chihuahuas are not painful dogs, however, representatives of the breed often have heart ailments, problems with the skeletal system, vision, breathing. over, they are not always hereditary. Naturally, the more ailments, the less the animal will live;
Number of pregnancies in bitches. Those Chihuahua girls who often give birth, unfortunately, have a short age, sometimes they live up to a maximum of 8-10 years. By the way, those Chihuahuas who are simply kept at home during estrus, not allowing them to meet with a dog, do not differ in their long lifespan. They also do not live so long due to hormonal and gynecological problems;
The atmosphere of the house. Chihuahuas are dogs with a fairly stable psyche. But if the owner treats the doggie of this breed is not affectionate enough (shouts, or even hits), spends little time with his pet, is absent at home for a long time, then the Chihuahua can lose nerves. That is, the more stress, the shorter the life span;
Food. Often the owners rush from one extreme to the other. Some overfeed their dogs, others put low-quality, poor-quality feed in a bowl. The more wrong the Chihuahua’s diet, the worse the health level, and hence the shorter the period of stay on Earth;
Why Dogs Age Faster Than Us
Accommodations. It is clear that no one will keep such fragile dogs on the street, but there is a difference in which apartment the animal lives. A pet from a warm and draft-free apartment may have better health than one who spends his days in a damp and cold house, whose walls are covered with mold;
Health monitoring by the owner. There are people who rush to the vet if the dog just sneezes a couple of times. And there are those who will save on a visit to the doctor if the animal has obvious problems (diarrhea, pus from the nose or eyes, bleeding, etc.). Those who are accustomed to preventing or treating their Chihuahuas’ diseases in a timely manner, dogs live longer. In addition, Chihuahuas live at home for a longer time, if they are vaccinated in a timely manner, they remove internal and external parasites from them;
Reasonable physical activity. Owners of long-living dogs unanimously claim that their pets lead (or have) a fairly active lifestyle. Naturally, Chihuahuas do not need to be loaded like, for example, German shepherds. But you shouldn’t also consider them as home toys, constantly dragging them under your armpit. The less movement, the weaker the bones and muscles, the worse the heart works, the faster the weight grows, it becomes harder to breathe;
Place of residence. Unfortunately, fresh air, which is so scarce in metropolitan areas, is becoming a real luxury for both dogs and people. If we compare a rural (country) dog with the one that lives in a large city, then the first one will have better health due to long walks in the fresh, not gas-polluted air;
Weight category of the dog. The Breed Standard specifies that the Chihuahua should weigh 1.5. 3 kg. But there are also the so-called mini chihuahuas, whose weight often does not exceed 1 kilo. As a rule, these crumbs have a number of serious diseases caused by a weak skeleton, malformed internal organs. And sometimes mini-dogs live for a very short time, delighting their owners for about 5-7 years;
How Long Do DOGS Live? Explained
How long do Chihuahuas live
Cute Chihuahua dogs are not only rightfully recognized as the smallest among dwarf dogs, but also the longest-living. It is believed that the life expectancy of a Chihuahua, subject to quality care, is at least 15-16 years, and some of these babies are even able to step over the 20-year mark. How to determine how long a miniature pet will live? Let’s try to find the answer to this question, which probably interests any Chihuahua owner.
Why Chihuahuas Live Longer Than Big Dogs
So, how many Chihuahuas live on average, we found out. But why these flimsy outwardly animals can live as long as 15.20 years, and healthy dogs are sometimes considered old as early as 8-10 years old? The fact is that in large breeds of dogs, firstly, the body is more likely to wear out. They move more intensively, spend more energy, performing the tasks of the owner. Secondly, big dogs sometimes die in fights, participating in fights with other dogs. And Chihuahuas are more likely to play the role of pets, and pets. Thirdly, in giant breed dogs, the short life span is genetically determined. It is believed that aging of the organism begins earlier in them than in small dogs. That is why a 12-year-old Chihuahua can still be playful and agile, while a mastiff of the same age will lie more on a cozy mat.
By the way, Chihuahuas have been living for more than 15 years and not only. Toy Terriers, Chinese Cresteds, Pekingese, and Bichons are also considered centenarians. That is, those dogs whose weight ranges from 2.5 kg. But the Chihuahua still has the palm.
How many Chihuahuas live mini?
In society, such a concept as “mini chihuahua” has become entrenched. These are representatives of the breed, miniature in size, weighing no more than 1.5 kg, and no more than 12 cm tall at the withers. They represent a breed marriage, often with genetic and anatomical defects. Initially, they were rarely offered on the market and at a lower cost.
The incidence of underweight puppies has become more frequent over time. Unscrupulous breeders turned the situation in their favor, began to pass off a serious disadvantage for an advantage. over, the cost of miniature puppies has grown significantly in relation to standard representatives.
Unfortunately, the consumer liked the “novelty”, so the demand for the Chihuahua mini began to grow rapidly. And demand, as you know, generates supply. Breeders began to abuse the breed standards for the sake of profit, working on breeding as miniature offspring as possible. This is how the informal classification of Chihuahuas into mini and standard appeared in society. Fédération Cynologique Fédération Internationale (FCI) not recognized classification.
How long do you think Chihuahua mini live? According to statistics collected on the basis of social surveys, on average no more than 8 years. The lifespan of the Chihuahua mini is reduced by all sorts of anatomical and genetic abnormalities. Miniature representatives of the breed have an underdeveloped immune system, an increased risk of physical injury and mutilation. This directly affects the high rate of premature mortality, because excellent health is the key to longevity.
Perhaps now the defenders will come running and begin to accuse me of a bias towards miniature individuals, to refute my words with foaming at the mouth. Yes, there are cases when a mini Chihuahua lives for more than 10 years, but this is an exception to the rule. I operate with facts and statistics, so my opinion is unshakable.
Factors affecting the lifespan of a Chihuahua:
- Diet. The diet should be balanced, rich in nutrients, vitamins and minerals, have a high energy value, and fully meet the nutritional needs of the dog. Read: How to feed a Chihuahua?
- Body mass. The normal weight of a Chihuahua ranges from 1.5-3 kg. Abnormality, obesity or dystrophy, increases the risk of developing severe ailments that shorten the Chihuahua’s lifespan.
- Healthcare. Regular preventive examinations of the animal by the veterinarian contribute to the timely diagnosis and treatment of diseases at the initial stage. For dogs under 8 years old, it is enough to be observed in the veterinary clinic annually, at an older age. 2 times per year.
- Genetics. Offspring resulting from crossing genetically healthy parents are most likely to inherit the positive genetic traits of their ancestors.
- Care and conditions of detention. The breed is exclusively for home keeping, is afraid of sudden changes in temperature and cold, requires careful care and caring attitude to itself. Prone to dental problems: tooth decay, tooth loss, gingivitis.
- Floor. According to statistics, female Chihuahuas live 1-2 years longer than males. The cause of the universal injustice is not clear. However, the bitch’s active participation in breeding work reduces her life expectancy by a couple of years.
- Activity level. Movement is life. Wise words spoken by Aristotle. Indeed, any living creature that is daily exposed to moderate physical activity, lives a long and healthy life. Chihuahua is no exception. Physical activity helps to burn excess fat, build muscle, strengthen ligaments and joints, and maintain immunity.
We humans are long-livers compared to our pets, but the caring and attentive attitude of the owner forms a solid foundation for a long and high-quality life of a dog.
Implicit causes of premature death
The high rate of early mortality is more often due to the lack of competence and proper care of the ward on the part of the owner. The animal can receive physical injuries incompatible with life due to the negligence and carelessness of the owner.
Lack of competence in breeding work often leads to the birth of sick offspring. Treating an unhealthy litter is expensive, so sick puppies are often thrown out into the street. At best, they end up in dog shelters. Stray dogs are caught and put to sleep by specialized services.
An unsocialized animal poses a threat to society. The dog can throw itself at people passing cars, which can lead to tragedy. A trained and socialized dog is friendly to others, behaves adequately and predictably. Understanding and executing basic commands can help to avoid accidents, unauthorized escape from the owner.
Infectious diseases are rightfully one of the main reasons for the early death of an animal. The following diseases pose a threat to the health and life of the Chihuahua: sepsis, leptospirosis, parvovirus, canine distemper and rabies. Timely vaccination minimizes the risk of contracting the listed infections.
Sterilized / neutered Chihuahua dogs are not susceptible to nervous disorders, the development of cancers of the uterus and ovaries (in females), testes and prostate (in males), therefore they live longer.
How many years does a Chihuahua live at home?
Any living organism sooner or later ceases to exist on earth. Departure into another world we, people, call death. And the time interval between the date of birth and death is usually called the term. life expectancy. The value is not constant and depends on a number of factors. Some are controlled by humans, others are not.
Surprisingly, according to the laws of nature, there is a correlation between the size of a living creature and the duration of its life. Whales and elephants, living for more than 100 years, occupy the leading places in the rating of centenarians among mammals.
Nature decreed otherwise with dogs. The rating of centenarians among dogs is occupied by decorative breeds such as Yorkshire Terrier, German and Pomeranian Spitz, Pug, Chihuahua. For comparison, the average lifespan of a Labrador retriever is 10-13 years. “Then how many years do Chihuahuas live?” you ask.
In search of an answer, you can look at the official Chihuahua breed standard. The document says in black and white that the average lifespan of a Chihuahua is 12-16 years. Figures are derived from social surveys and statistics, and in reality may vary considerably. Some reputable publications adhere to the values: 15-18 years. As you can see, there is no single answer to the question posed.
There are cases of longevity when a Chihuahua dog lives up to two decades. So on the Internet there are rumors about a Chihuahua named “Megabyte”, which, as various news publications assure, died at the age of 20 years and 265 days. The sources did not provide confirming reliable reports and documents. There is an opinion that the information is falsified. “Believe it or not?”. you decide. I believe that 20 years is a completely attainable life span for a Chihuahua. True, there are a number of nuances.
Life Extension Tips
To a greater extent, the life expectancy of a Chihuahua depends not only on the general state of health, but also on extraordinary (unforeseen) circumstances, care and care. Here are some tips to help you avoid tragic accidents and keep your pet healthy for years to come:
- Walk your dog outside strictly on a leash. Use a harness instead of a collar;
- The optimal duration of walks in the fresh air is 1-2 hours daily, provide the animal with moderate physical activity;
- Teach the pet basic commands: “Fu!”, “Come to me!”, “Sit!”, “Next!” and others. The dog must be obedient and socialized;
- Educate children on how to handle animals. Contact with children under the age of 4-5 years should be carried out under the close supervision of the owner;
- Cleanliness is the key to health. Wet cleaning should be done more often in the apartment;
- Organize a personal space where the dog can be alone, away from the hustle and bustle of the house;
- Make the necessary vaccinations, conduct revaccination in a timely manner;
- Avoid hypothermia or overheating of the pet’s body, exclude drafts and prolonged exposure to the sun;
- In cold periods of the year, put on specialized warm clothing for the dog before going outside;
- Feed balanced and wholesome food;
- Visit the veterinary clinic annually for preventive examinations;
- Pay special attention to the oral cavity, regularly examine and clean it;
- Move around the apartment carefully, watch your step;
- Eliminate possible contact with potentially hazardous household appliances and chemicals.
Advice may seem trivial, but for some reason many neglect it, which often leads to tragedy. Be attentive to the health of your Chihuahua, holte and cherish, then he will live a long and happy life.
How old is in one dog year?
From the table above, it follows that in the first year of life, the Chihuahua has an intense growth rate. Sexual maturity occurs at 6-8 months. Mature age begins at 6 years, and the elderly at 12. Individuals who have lived up to 17 years or more are recognized as centenarians.
How many years do you think Chihuahuas live at home? Do you have a story of your own to share? Or maybe you are a witness to longevity? Write, comment, do not hesitate! Your opinion really matters to me.
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Proper nutrition is the key to the health and longevity of the Chihuahua.
It should be balanced, moderate and nutritious. Dogs of this breed are prone to obesity, so it is important that the food replenishes the pet’s energy through quality, not quantity.
If the diet consists of natural foods, it should include:
- dietary meat;
- marine lean fish;
- buckwheat and rice groats;
- vegetables, fruits, herbs;
- dairy products.
Add 1 tsp to cooked food. linseed or olive oil.
You will also need to take vitamin complexes that support the Chihuahua‘s immunity.
If we are talking about ready-made industrial feeds, then they should be premium, super-premium or holistic. such feeds are made from high-quality ingredients and contain all the necessary vitamins and minerals.
Chihuahua food brands are suitable:
- Almo Nature;
- Purina Pro Plan;
- 1st Choice;
- Royal Canin;
It is worth adhering to the diet and feeding an adult pet twice a day.
You can not mix natural food and ready-made food, as well as give the dog food from the common table.
Life expectancy of a standard Chihuahua
Also, according to statistics, bitches live 2-3 years longer than males, the reason for this has not been established.
The life expectancy of bitches actively participating in breeding work is reduced by several years.
The officially registered cases of longevity include a male named Megabyte, who died in January 2014, having lived 20 years and 265 days.
Chihuahuas have good health and can be safely called centenarians among decorative breeds.
It is impossible to predict exactly how long a pet will live.
However, knowing about the physiological characteristics of the dog and the nuances of proper care, you can extend the life of the pet.
Chihuahuas are distinguished by their sociability, calmness and the ability to adapt to new conditions.
They find a common language with all family members, but they recognize the owner in one person.
How to extend the life of a pet?
Before purchasing a puppy, you need to find out about the health of his parents in order to exclude the likelihood of hereditary diseases.
In the future, it is required to constantly monitor the health of the pet, visiting the veterinarian for routine examinations at least once a year and not neglect the necessary vaccinations.
You can prolong the life of a Chihuahua, avoiding accidents and maintaining its good health, by adhering to the following recommendations:
- walk your pet only on a leash or harness;
- socialize the dog to minimize stressful situations;
- explain to children how to properly handle a Chihuahua so as not to injure him;
- equip the dog with a personal place away from noise, drafts and heating appliances;
- avoid hypothermia and overheating;
- adhere to the principles of proper nutrition;
- eliminate the likelihood of contact with infected animals and hazardous household chemicals.
The pet’s lifestyle should be moderately active, which requires regular walks in the fresh air.
Physical activity helps to lose weight, build muscle, strengthen joints and ligaments, strengthen the immune system and avoid the development of many diseases.
Spayed dogs have a longer lifespan because this operation minimizes the likelihood of developing testicular and prostate cancer in males and ovarian and breast cancer in females.
They are loyal, affectionate, funny and active dogs that need care and love to be the center of attention.
Fearless, capable of protecting the owner at any time, they are not only good guards, but also watchmen, wary of strangers, notifying them of their arrival with a sonorous bark.
In the absence of upbringing, they can show disobedience, aggression, so you should start training as early as possible.
They are smart and quickly memorize commands, but may refuse to follow them due to their natural stubbornness and willfulness.
Read more about the character of the Chihuahua here.
Quality and care
First of all, competent Chihuahua care includes:
- correct feeding;
- health monitoring;
- antiparasitic treatment.
Do not forget that Chihuahuas are able to capture the mood of household members, therefore, with a tense atmosphere in the house and frequent scandals, they experience stress, which can provoke the development of diseases and affect life expectancy.
The tendency of this breed to dental diseases necessitates careful oral care: cleaning 2-3 times a week at home and twice a year in a veterinary clinic.
Otherwise, bacteria can enter the bloodstream through the gums and reach the internal organs.
Chihuahuas also need hygienic haircuts, monthly nail trimming, daily brushing, eye and ear examinations, and quarterly bathing.
How many mini live?
The weight of a mini Chihuahua ranges from 600 grams. up to 1.8 kg.
The mini variety is primarily a breeding marriage, which unexpectedly became popular for breeders.
Therefore, despite the predisposition to the same diseases as in the standard representatives of the breed, the mini is more likely to have genetic and anatomical defects that shorten their life.
How Long do Chihuahuas Live? [The full details]
On average, mini dogs live 8-9 years.
Caring for an elderly dog
With age, Chihuahuas do not require complex changes in care. All should also take care of the coat, claws, teeth, eyes and ears.
You should transfer the dog to dry food, appropriate for age.
It is necessary to reconsider the walking regimen. the dog should go outside, but the duration of the walk should be reduced.
Chihuahuas over 10 years old must be checked twice a year.