home Article How many years do Chihuahuas live at home

How many years do Chihuahuas live at home


How old Chihuahua dogs live is directly related to their health. In general, it is not bad. Typical diseases for the breed are: hydrocephalus, dental and oral diseases, hypoglycemia, ICD, cataract, demodicosis, stenosis of the pulmonary trunk and some others. The reason for the special vulnerability of the dog is an unclosed fontanelle, as mentioned above.

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Therefore, you should not trust her baby, who is not at least six years old, and preferably even eight. In addition to the danger to the health and life of the dog, such a situation may turn out to be negative for the psyche of the child himself, who accidentally injured the animal in the process of active play. The life and health of the pet are literally in the hands of the owner.

How long do four-legged friends live?

Not an easy question. The dog’s age is short-lived, and almost every owner is destined to experience not only the selfless love and reckless devotion of his pet, but also the excruciating pain of his loss. How long do Chihuahuas live? There is no exact answer. The average life span of four-legged friends is about 12 years. But this period can vary greatly depending on various reasons. The viability of representatives of different breeds is quite different.

Less adapted are their artificially derived species, in which not entirely natural features are developed and fixed. These include gigantic sizes, strongly flattened muzzles, absolutely naked or folded skin. All these characteristics determine the diseases typical for them in certain breeds: diseases of the joints, cardiovascular system, allergies, etc.

They, in turn, cannot but affect the overall quality of life and its duration. How long do Chihuahuas live? Some believe that life expectancy is in inverse proportion to the mass of an animal. the larger it is, the less it is allocated, and vice versa. In practice, it turns out a little different. Most often, in favorable conditions, medium-sized dogs live a long life, whose natural inclinations are not greatly distorted by breeding delights.

How many years do Chihuahuas live?

The life cycle of these crumbs is approximately 12-15 years. But by analogy with people, among animals there are also centenarians, surprising in age. There are many known cases when Chihuahuas lived for 19-20 years. If we translate this age into a human, then we get more than a full century. The lifespan of a pet largely depends on the attitude of the owner. The key to an active life and longevity of a dog is proper care, quality nutrition and physical activity.

Very tiny dogs, weighing less than one kilogram, live a little less. Longevity does not depend on one lifestyle, but also on genetics. An overfed obese dog that can hardly move will naturally live less than its intended life. Overweight animals have a lifespan of about five years less than usual. There is something to think about for the owners who cannot refuse their pet in harmful delicacies. Many people care how long Chihuahuas live. An important question that worries breed lovers, which also does not have an exact answer.

Minikis are noticeably different from each other: dogs weighing one and a half kilograms are quite capable of living for about 15 years if properly maintained. But super-minikis are a separate conversation. Dogs that have not even reached a kilogram in adulthood are indeed often burdened with various deviations in health. It is unlikely that such a baby will become a long-liver. When choosing a pet, you should take this into account. An elderly person may not need to acquire a pet that claims to be longevity, for obvious reasons.


It is believed that they come from the ancient lands of the North American continent. They first appeared on the Yucatan Peninsula, and some believe that it was among the ancient Mayans. A little later, they came to the tribes of the Toltecs and Aztecs, who considered them sacred animals and used them in performing magical rituals. The Indians sacredly believed in the extraordinary abilities of the dogs, so each of them had its own servant.

His duties included feeding the animal and caring for it carefully for the entire time the Chihuahua dogs live. It is no coincidence that the breed got its name. In the mid-19th century, archaeologists discovered images of dogs carved into huge boulders. This event took place in the Mexican state of Chihuahua, from whose name the name of the breed was formed. True, in Russian pronunciation it has changed somewhat.

Features of the breed

How many Chihuahuas live at home is largely due to the peculiarities of keeping and caring for dogs. Due to some of their physiological characteristics, they need especially careful handling. They consume quite a lot of energy in relation to their size, so they need a quality, varied diet of small volume. The predominance of animal proteins in it is desirable. beef, lean fish, low-fat cottage cheese.

Like a small child, a Chihuahua has a kind of fontanel on its head. the incompleteness of the parietal bones. But, unlike humans, this dog does not always overgrow with age. This physical feature determines a particularly careful attitude to the baby’s head, which ensures the prevention of all kinds of accidental injuries. After all, even a little carelessness can cause obvious harm to the health of a dog. Therefore, they need special attention.

How many Chihuahuas live at home?

Amazing tiny dogs are loved all over the world. These are perhaps the smallest representatives of the family. When deciding to purchase such a pet, potential owners often show a natural interest: how long do Chihuahuas live? How tenacious and adapted to life are such babies?


Chihuahua is quite sociable, cheerful and sociable. Thanks to this, the animal is able to quickly adapt to different conditions. This capricious dog appreciates the increased attention to his person, and often a family member who devotes the most time to her becomes her favorite. These babies get along well with all family members, love fun games with children.

The answer to the question of how many Chihuahuas live depends directly on many reasons. It is in the power of the owners to maximize this period. Pets skillfully find a common language with other animals. On the street they behave boldly and selflessly, not being afraid of anyone and barking boldly. Due to the accelerated metabolism, dogs often tremble finely. do not be afraid of this. This is their natural feature.

How many Chihuahuas live at home

As with all breeds, the Chihuahua’s lifespan depends on a number of different factors. Some of them can be controlled, for which they provide better living conditions. How many Chihuahuas live depends largely on the pedigree. Despite its small size, the dog behaves bravely, has an athletic build.

How castration affects the lifespan of a Chihuahua

Many veterinarians point out that sterilization prolongs the life of the baby. The surgery significantly reduces the likelihood of developing ovarian or prostate cancer in boys.

The operation must be performed by a qualified technician. This is due to the fact that infections are common.

Sterilized Chihuahuas live slightly longer

Average and maximum life expectancy of a Chihuahua

Life expectancy depends on various factors. A standard sized dog can live over 10 years.

The medium-sized breed is quite common. They are active and in good health. With proper care, a baby can live to be 15 years old. The average breed is less prone to illness and injury.

Miniature dogs weigh no more than 2 kg. They are highly susceptible to illness and injury. Only a careful attitude can ensure life for 10 years. Owners should not allow their small pet to jump from a great height or

Chihuahua lifestyle

A smooth-haired dog, despite its small size, has a stable psyche, reacts well to various kinds of influences from the outside world. Temperament is influenced by age and upbringing.

Chihuahua lifespan depends on a number of conditions

The features of the lifestyle include the following points:

  • The kid quickly becomes curious and observant. He constantly monitors everything that happens around him, taking a comfortable position.
  • Chihuahua boy can be touchy. If you yell at your pet, then there is a chance that he will sit in shelter throughout the day.
  • Good endurance and mobility determines that the representatives of the breed are almost always mobile. They can run, jump, play with toys. Therefore, the owners should take care of the availability of a large number of suitable toys.
  • It is believed that long-haired representatives of the breed are more accommodating. This makes the dog more loyal, but also very jealous.
  • Even with a strong offense, the dog does not show anger. Therefore, she leaves almost immediately with affection.

Important! Toddlers often suffer from involuntary urination.

The breed lends itself to training despite its proud disposition. She can understand almost all commands if she takes the appropriate approach. The short-haired guard starts barking almost as soon as he sees strangers. Keeping a Chihuahua in the house means enjoying its joy and aesthetics.

Another feature is cleanliness. It is easy to teach a kid to potty, he will always ask to go outside himself. Do not forget that large dogs can harm the Chihuahua during the game. Therefore, at the time of walking, you need to be as careful as possible.

How to find out the age of a pet

The most reliable way to determine age is a dental study. The first incisors appear in the first week of life, after which all canines appear in the first month. At 2 months, the dog has molars.

You can determine the age of an adult dog by the state of the shamrocks. The lower part levels out at 70-80 days of life, on the outskirts it disappears only at 4 months.

Milk teeth begin to fall out at about six months of age. The appearance of yellowness begins at the age of 2-3 years. Small teeth disappear as early as 4-5 years old, after which the incisors are almost completely erased. Molars are lost at the age of 10.

Implicit causes of premature death

The premature death of a pet can be associated with a variety of factors. The least obvious ones that cannot be influenced include:

  • genetic predisposition;
  • health problems that develop with aging;
  • improper examination by a veterinarian.
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Other factors can be influenced. For example, at the time of the walk, you need to be careful not to take your eyes off your baby.

At what age does a Chihuahua become old

At the time of old age, you need to pay more attention to your baby. Chihuahua life expectancy can vary widely, the elderly is considered to be at the age of 18. At this age, you need to develop a specific diet, as well as visit your veterinarian more often.

An individual of a standard size was able to live up to 20 years. Among unofficial information, you can find the indicator of 21-22 years. Therefore, upon reaching the age of 18, you need to remember that you need to spend more free time with your pet.

Chihuahua record holder

Megabyte is the nickname of the long-lived Chihuahua. The dog passed away in early 2014 at the age of 20 years and 265 days. But Megabyte is the oldest of the officially registered representatives of the species. According to unofficial data, there are even 20 2 year old dogs.

Caring for an elderly dog

At home for an elderly pet, the following should be provided:

  • balanced food, following the feeding regimen;
  • tracking the body weight and well-being of the animal;
  • hygiene (grooming, cleaning the mouth, eyes, ears, clipping);
  • prevention of parasites;
  • moderate physical activity.

Regular preventive examinations of the dog by the veterinarian will help to identify diseases and age-related changes in the body, take appropriate measures in a timely manner to treat the diseases that have arisen and alleviate the condition of the pet.

How many thoroughbred animals live

According to veterinarians, there is a clear relationship between the breed and the years measured by the animal. Scientifically proven that the smaller the dog, the longer his life.

The viability of representatives of different breeds is different. This is due to human selection activities. When deducing standards, in dogs, features are formed and fixed, often unnatural.

Breeding is fraught with complications, which are expressed in hereditary diseases:

  • Chihuahua. These cute little creatures are genetically prone to medial dislocations of the kneecaps, elbow joints, and various dysplasias.
  • Dachshund. Natural hunters, with a funny long body on short legs, pay with health for such a body structure. Hereditary pathology in dachshunds is diseases of the intervertebral discs.
  • Shar Pei. Not only in this breed of dogs, all pets with skin folds often have entropion disease, which is essentially an inversion of the eyelid.
  • Rottweilers. Strong, brave, fearless, smart. But they are also susceptible to hereditary diseases. aortic stenosis, Rottweiler leukoencephalopathy, follicular lipidosis.
  • Pikines. This ancient breed is distinguished by a special structure of the eyes, for which it suffers a tendency to eversion of the eyelids, cataracts, and corneal ulcers.

Each breed has its own Achilles heel. dogs with flat muzzles have problems with the respiratory system, with skin without hair. they suffer from allergies, large pets are often diagnosed with diseases of the joints and bones.

Breeders admit different situations that affect the lifespan of dogs:

  • Closely related crosses;
  • Elimination of the factor of natural selection;
  • The appearance of the offspring becomes a priority, not health;
  • The life span of the progenitors of the offspring is not taken into account.

Most of all, there are dogs of breeds that are less susceptible to selection changes, of average size, without any peculiarities in appearance. These are terriers, shepherds, huskies.

The presence of long-livers in the family is of great importance. If the parents of the pet have lived to a ripe old age, then he has every chance of a long life. In terms of numbers, on average, dogs live about 12 years.

Causes of premature death of a dog

Accidents, poisoning, existing pathologies of internal organs lead to the sudden death of animals. The negative consequences are difficult to predict, however, it is preferable to know what potential dangers threaten the pet.

Common causes of premature canine death:

  • poisoning;
  • heart disease;
  • pneumothorax;
  • collapse of the trachea;
  • congenital abnormalities;
  • expansion, volvulus of the stomach;
  • ulcer;
  • ruptured spleen tumor;
  • getting a foreign body into the throat;
  • heatstroke;
  • injury.

Dogs often suffer from rodent-poisoning, poisons that are spread to kill stray dogs. During a walk, be sure to keep an eye on your pet, if the dog does not respond to the command “fu”. put on a closed muzzle so that the ward does not try dubious “food”.

Heart diseases can be asymptomatic, but if a young dog gets tired quickly, is weak, breathes heavily, you need to visit a veterinarian for a diagnostic examination.

Air congestion in the peri-pulmonary space (pneumothorax) occurs due to injuries of the sternum leading to damage to the emphysematous bladder or an existing neoplasm on the lung.

Tracheal collapse is more common in representatives of small breeds, is expressed by a sharp cough after active mobility or the manifestation of strong emotions, sometimes arises as a complication of past infections.

A congenital pathology leading to tragic consequences is the displacement of the cervical vertebrae as a result of insufficient development or a defect of the ligaments. An accidental jolt of the problem area can provoke pressure on the spinal cord and lead to death.

Gastric dilatation and volvulus are more common in older dogs, both pathologies interfere with the normal blood supply to other organs, and are considered deadly. Prevention of stomach problems is considered proper nutrition, adherence to the feeding regimen and moderate exercise.

A complication of peptic ulcer disease, expressed in the formation of a through hole in the wall of the stomach or bleeding, leads to the premature death of the animal. A cautionary note is the proper nutrition of the pet.

Spleen neoplasms (benign and malignant) are prone to rupture, which can lead to fatal blood loss. Tumor rupture is possible even with minor damage caused by difficult bowel movements or increased physical activity.

Swallowing a foreign object is risky for suffocation or damage to internal organs when moving the swallowed object inside.

Heatstroke is caused by overheating of the body, often occurs in dogs in hot weather, locked in a car.

A dog can be injured on the street (being hit by a car, fighting with other dogs, etc.), at home (falling from a height, electric shock, etc.), the danger of injury depends on its severity and first aid.

Factors affecting life span

Factors affect the life expectancy of dogs:

Top 10 Healthiest Dog Breeds With Longest Lifespan

  • Physical development;
  • Does the animal perform loads appropriate for its age and breed;
  • Full rest;
  • Nutrient-rich, balanced diet;
  • Sufficient communication, attention.

All these quality indicators of life are 100% dependent on the owner. From the way he takes care of his pet, the animal’s resistance to stress, various diseases is formed.

A balanced diet from birth lays the foundation for a pet’s physical health for the rest of its life and even old age. It is necessary to feed an elderly dog ​​soft food so that there are no problems with teeth and swallowing.

In old age, animals can suffer from various diseases, more often it is hearing impairment, vision, disruptions in the activity of the urinary system.

Another problem that can significantly reduce the age of any animal is being overweight. Its excess has a bad effect on the health of the pet, affecting the cardiovascular system and the bone frame. You need to control the weight of the animal, especially in old age.

Regular medical examinations, vaccinations, timely access to the veterinary clinic in case of problems. that’s what will keep the pet in the right shape. Continuous care of your pet throughout life can significantly increase its cycle.

Factors Affecting Chihuahua Life Expectancy

Improving longevity

Genetic factors do not affect the dog’s life as much as the attitude of the breeder. It is important to regularly monitor the condition of the animal.

Some tips for Chihuahua feeding:

  • The diet of a dog depends on its owner and his preferences. The choice of dry food or regular food is up to you. If you choose dry food, then it must be premium food.
  • Chihuahuas are prone to food allergies, so this breed has a contraindication to overfeeding and a restriction on food categories.
  • Do not include in the pet’s diet foods containing sugar and salt, chocolate, legumes, pasta, carbonated / alcoholic drinks, milk.

Not only the diet, the appearance of the pet can affect its longevity. The coat of an adult dog or puppy is prone to rolling. She needs care:

  • Regular brushing;
  • Shampooing at least once every 2 months;
  • Drying, and if required, using a hair dryer.

In addition to the physical, the pet must be in good mental condition. Stress causes fatal diseases and premature death of the dog. And the lack of socialization can have a bad effect on the hormonal background.

Inspections and prevention

It is important to have your pet regularly seen by a veterinarian and have daily visual examinations. All vaccinations must be delivered on time, as it is important to ensure timely antihelminthic treatment. Dogs of this breed require routine vaccinations. They are given a vaccine to prevent problems such as rabies, distemper, canine flu, and parvovirus.

Health monitoring should be regular. This will allow you to identify the problem in the early stages of its appearance. In order not to shorten the life of the dog, it is important to ensure that it is not attacked by ticks and fleas. It is necessary to examine the animal for the presence of small parasites daily after walking. The frequency of visits to a specialist depends on the age of the pet: babies are taken to him more often, it is enough to show adult dogs to the doctor 1-2 times a year.

Human age

Dogs have their own age gradation, according to which their age is assessed. For example, the age of a one-year-old baby is comparable to the age of a 15-year-old teenager. The organism of an individual at 2 years old is developed in about the same way as in a person at 21 years old. In the future, each year of a dog’s life will be equal to 4 years of human life. Let’s say a ten-year-old dog will be considered elderly, because its body will correspond to the body of a 53-year-old person.

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If we draw a parallel with human standards, then mini dogs die at a young age, while centenarians reaching their twenties are comparable to retirees who are 93 years old. By their standards, they live longer than humans. Some individuals can boast that they cross the century of humanity. The data for a more detailed comparison can be found in the table, which shows the ratios of each year of the animal’s life.


As for the stay of the Chihuahua in the fresh air, it is important to note for yourself: the dog needs daily walks, without them it loses activity and becomes lethargic. They help to strengthen the immune system, maintain muscle tone and acquire socialization skills. Dogs must be physically active, otherwise they are attacked by diseases. However, walks in bad weather are undesirable.

Walking in the fresh air is the prevention of many diseases.

Of course, any extreme is unacceptable, we cannot talk about any strength exercises and exhausting running. However, the animal can do some exercises, for example, it can be a short run or an active game. Due to such mobility, it will be possible to ensure the constant burning of excess fat deposits.

It will contribute to hardening and be a measure for the prevention of ailments. Neglecting to walk will shorten life expectancy. No excuse can dissociate itself from this fact. A litter box is no substitute for walking, nor is airing a room. The dog cannot play by itself, it needs the attention of the breeder.

As for walking in the cold season, there are some nuances here. To keep the animal from freezing, you need to buy special clothes for it. For example, it could be a sweater or jacket. On especially frosty days, you should not go outside, but if the weather is favorable, you can let your pet frolic (provided that he has completed a routine vaccination course).

Life Extension Tips

To ensure a pet’s long life, the owner must take into account many factors. For example, you need to start by choosing the right dog. When buying it, you must definitely require a pedigree and related documents on vaccinations. Parents’ health is the key to good offspring.

How many years do Chihuahuas live and what does it depend on?

Chihuahuas are classified as decorative dog breeds, which, according to statistics, are considered centenarians. However, their lifespan varies, and animals require a lot of attention. What affects the lifespan of funny pets and how to extend it, the material of this article will tell.


With proper breeding of dogs, the degree of influence of hereditary diseases from generation to generation decreases. You need to buy a dog in a specialized nursery, where breeders carefully monitor the mating and do not allow unsuitable and sick individuals to it, which leads to the degeneration of the breed. When buying, you need to be interested in the health of not only the supervised puppy, but also his parents.

Of course, the level of activity also matters. You need to choose a puppy who will be able to perform a certain amount of exercises per day in order to maintain an active form and health. As for the floor, everything here is individual and depends on the preferences of the buyer.

It is impossible not to take into account the fact that Chihuahuas do not have a stable psyche. They are sensitive to changes in the atmosphere in the house. They can’t be hurt, they can’t stand screaming.

These babies need kindness and care, without contact with the owner, they feel a lack of love, and this also reduces life expectancy.

Nutrition and weight

Competent feeding is the key to your pet’s health and good mood. Chihuahua needs food rich in animal proteins. The diet should not contain fillers, preservatives or artificial colors. Food from the master’s table is not suitable for these dogs, it leads to obesity of individuals.

Weight is another indicator of health, it also affects the lifespan of a Chihuahua.

The dog should not be too thin or, conversely, too obese. In either case, this is considered a violation of the norm, which leads to problems with the work of internal organs and, as a result, a reduction in the life resource.

For example, starving your pet weakens the immune system. These animals need meat (beef, chicken, horse meat and turkey are good). They also need fish (you can give them lean seafood). At least once a week, it is necessary to include liver, heart or kidneys in the nutritional diet of a 4-month-old puppy.

Dogs also need cereals, such as rice or buckwheat. In addition, if the specialist deems it necessary, millet or rolled oats will have to be added to the diet. Eating vegetables cannot be ignored either. The animal should receive in food carrots, pumpkin, zucchini, and in rare cases, cabbage.

You cannot feed puppies with factory food, regardless of its type and brand of the manufacturer. Neither dry nor wet commercial food contributes to the normal growth and development of these dogs. Food for them should be fresh and natural, cooked by hand. As for the choice of a specific product, it is discussed with a specialist based on the weight of the pet and its health.

Standard chihuahua

Current data show that on average, individuals of this breed live about 15 years. However, among them there are also centenarians, whose age can be up to 20 years. And yet, due to its small size, all processes in the body occur rapidly. Therefore, if the response of the breeder to the health problem is not quick, it will shorten the life of the pet.

Representatives of the standard breed are considered to be in demand among breeders. However, the maximum use of the pet’s life resource largely depends on the owner himself. Unlike their mini counterparts, these dogs are distinguished by greater endurance. Their predisposition to various diseases is due to genetics. Representatives of this category weigh from 1.5 to 3 kg.

Speaking of miniature dogs, it is worth making a reservation right away: according to official data, the mini-Chihuahua breed does not stand out as a separate species. These dogs include the smallest representatives of the breed. over, in most cases, they have underdeveloped any internal organs. Over time, this can develop into malfunctions of the body’s systems, which affects life expectancy.

On average, mini live at home no more than 5-6 years.

These dogs weigh very little: often their weight barely reaches 1 kg, other babies weigh 500 g. At the same time, factors such as heredity, conditions of detention, diet and exercise can shorten this period. They are not adapted to stress, they are susceptible to many diseases and injuries. These dogs are weak, although they can be born absolutely healthy (you need to handle them as carefully as possible).

Caring for an elderly dog

With age, Chihuahuas do not require complex changes in care. All should also take care of the coat, claws, teeth, eyes and ears.

You should transfer the dog to dry food, appropriate for age.

It is necessary to reconsider the walking regimen. the dog should go outside, but the duration of the walk should be reduced.

Chihuahuas over 10 years old must be checked twice a year.

Human age

Dog age Human age
one 15
2 21
3 25
four 29
five 33
6 37
7 41
8 45
9 49
ten 53
eleven 57
12 61
thirteen 65
14 69
15 73
16 77
17 81
eighteen 85
19 89
20 93

How many mini live?

The weight of a mini Chihuahua ranges from 600 grams. up to 1.8 kg.

The mini variety is primarily a breeding marriage, which unexpectedly became popular for breeders.

Therefore, despite a predisposition to the same diseases as in standard representatives of the breed, miniatures more often have genetic and anatomical defects that shorten their life.

On average, mini dogs live 8-9 years.

Life expectancy of a standard Chihuahua

Also, according to statistics, bitches live 2-3 years longer than males, the reason for this has not been established.

The life expectancy of bitches actively participating in breeding work is reduced by several years.

The officially registered cases of longevity include a male named Megabyte, who died in January 2014, having lived 20 years and 265 days.

Chihuahuas have good health and can be safely called centenarians among decorative breeds.

It is impossible to predict exactly how long a pet will live.

However, knowing about the physiological characteristics of the dog and the nuances of proper care, you can extend the life of the pet.

Chihuahuas are distinguished by their sociability, calmness and the ability to adapt to new conditions.

They find a common language with all family members, but they recognize the owner in one person.

How Long do Chihuahuas Live? [The full details]


Proper nutrition is the key to the health and longevity of the Chihuahua.

It should be balanced, moderate and nutritious. Dogs of this breed are prone to obesity, so it is important that the food replenishes the pet’s energy through quality, not quantity.

If the diet consists of natural foods, it should include:

  • dietary meat;
  • marine lean fish;
  • offal;
  • eggs;
  • buckwheat and rice groats;
  • vegetables, fruits, herbs;
  • dairy products.

Add 1 tsp to cooked food. linseed or olive oil.

You will also need to take vitamin complexes that support the Chihuahua’s immunity.

If we are talking about ready-made industrial feeds, then they should be premium, super-premium or holistic. such feeds are made from high quality ingredients and contain all the necessary vitamins and minerals.

Chihuahua food brands are suitable:

  • NOW;
  • Grandorf;
  • Almo Nature;
  • Purina Pro Plan;
  • Bosch;
  • Acana;
  • 1st Choice;
  • Monge;
  • Royal Canin;
  • Hills;
  • Orijen.

It is worth adhering to the diet and feeding an adult pet twice a day.

You can not mix natural food and ready-made food, as well as give the dog food from the common table.

Quality and care

First of all, competent Chihuahua care includes:

  • correct feeding;
  • health monitoring;
  • antiparasitic treatment.

Do not forget that Chihuahuas are able to capture the mood of household members, therefore, with a tense atmosphere in the house and frequent scandals, they experience stress, which can provoke the development of diseases and affect life expectancy.

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The tendency of this breed to dental diseases necessitates careful oral care: cleaning 2-3 times a week at home and twice a year in a veterinary clinic.

Otherwise, bacteria can enter the bloodstream through the gums and reach the internal organs.

Chihuahuas also need hygienic haircuts, monthly nail trimming, daily brushing, eye and ear examinations, and quarterly bathing.

Pet character

They are loyal, affectionate, funny and active dogs that need care and love to be the center of attention.

Fearless, capable of protecting the owner at any time, they are not only good guards, but also watchmen, wary of strangers, notifying them of their arrival with a sonorous bark.

In the absence of upbringing, they can show disobedience, aggression, so you should start training as early as possible.

They are smart and quickly memorize commands, but may refuse to follow them due to their natural stubbornness and willfulness.

Read more about the character of the Chihuahua here.

How many years do Chihuahuas live?

As with all breeds, the Chihuahua’s lifespan varies depending on a number of factors. Some of these factors are controllable, while others are beyond our control. Dog owners should be familiar with these factors so they can provide their Chihuahua with the greatest length and quality of life.

While there is no reliable way to predict how long your dog will live, current data show that Chihuahuas live on average 15 to 20 years if they are cared for properly.

Small breeds like the Yorkshire Terrier, Dachshund, and Chihuahuas live longer than medium to large breeds like Shepherds and Labradors. Medium and large dog breeds have an average lifespan of 10 to 13 years.

Factors that affect the lifespan of a Chihuahua

  • Diet. The diet of puppies and adult Chihuahuas directly affects their lifespan. Owners should feed their pets nutritious and balanced food, preferably without fillers, preservatives and artificial colors. Avoid feeding your chi with leftover food. it can lead to obesity, poisoning and some other health problems.
  • The weight. another of the most important factors. Obese Chihuahuas are prone to a variety of disorders that can reduce their average life span. Low weight puppies and dogs may also have a lower life expectancy due to malnutrition and a weakened immune system.
  • Health monitoring. this factor, of course, also plays a large role in the life of the Chihuahua. Veterinary supervision and regular check-ups will contribute to a long and healthy life. The veterinarian will be able to diagnose probable illnesses in advance before they progress to life-threatening forms. Most veterinarians recommend examining adult Chihuahuas at least once a year, especially those between the ages of 7 and 10. If your dog is more than 10 years old, then it is recommended to check its health twice a year.
  • Vaccination. Chihuahuas, like other breeds, require routine vaccination courses, for example for life-threatening diseases such as parvovirus, canine flu, rabies and distemper.
  • Genetics. “Good genes” can prolong the life of a Chihuahua, so pay close attention to the parents of the puppy you want to adopt. If parents are healthy, energetic and happy, their puppies are more likely to live long and healthy lives.
  • Sterilization. spayed dogs tend to live longer than full dogs. The surgery significantly reduces the risk of testicular and prostate cancer in males and ovarian and breast cancer in females. Other health benefits also include reduced aggression and a reduced risk of running away.
  • Oral cavity care. Like other small breeds, Chihuahuas are especially prone to dental problems such as tooth decay, plaque, and gum disease. According to statistics, 9 out of 10 Chihuahuas sooner or later have dental problems. If your puppy or dog has poor oral health, it can shorten their potential longevity. Bacteria from the mouth through the gums (gingivitis) enter the bloodstream, and from there can spread directly to the heart, kidneys, and other organs.
  • Floor. statistically, females live longer than males. The exact reason for this is still not clear, but studies show that female Chihuahuas live 1-2 years longer than males.
  • Activity level. Keeping the Chihuahua active is critical to extending its long and prosperous life. Even a small amount of exercise can lead to burning excess fat, building muscle, strengthening the immune system and preventing many diseases that can affect their lifespan.

The oldest Chihuahua in the world

The oldest officially registered Chihuahua named Megabyte lived to be 20 years and 265 days old, he passed away in January 2014. However, nevertheless, around the world there have been many reports of Chihuahuas that lived to 21 and even 22 years.

Chihuahua age comparison with human age


A balanced diet directly affects the lifespan of a Chihuahua. You can feed your pet with both natural food and industrial food. As practice shows, dogs eating dry food feel much better, since their diet is balanced with mathematical precision. But if you have the time and desire, then you can feed your baby and natural food.

The daily intake of natural food is 50-80 grams per kilogram of weight. Consequently, an adult weighing about 2 kg requires about 100-160 grams. Since these dogs are miniature, it is better to feed them fractionally, 2-3 times a day for proper metabolism. The ideal amount is 3 times. morning, afternoon and evening.

  • Foods that are suitable for the morning diet: dairy products (for example, cottage cheese with parsley), eggs (omelet or boiled egg), boiled chicken.
  • For lunch, you can give boiled meat and porridge, grated vegetables or fruits. Also, you can add a few drops of vegetable oil to food to improve digestion.
  • For dinner, you can give your pet stewed vegetables and meat.

As mentioned above, good dry food will be an excellent option for your pet, the only condition for it should be that it must be super-premium or holistic.


How long Chihuahua dogs live is also influenced by their overall health.

Quite often, the owners of these breeds are faced with such diseases as:

  • Hypoglycemia.
  • Urolithiasis disease.
  • Epilepsy.
  • Mitral valve dysplasia.
  • Joint injuries.
  • Retinal atrophy.

Since sexual development in these miniature dogs ends earlier than in their large counterparts, then at 3-5 years of age in males, undescended testes may be expressed, and bitches with age may have difficulties with childbirth.

Signs that your pet is not healthy include the following factors:

  • lack of appetite for more than a day;
  • increased body temperature;
  • sharp weight gain or loss;
  • coughing, sneezing, vomiting;
  • enuresis;
  • stool problems.

If you find any problems, be sure to contact your veterinarian, as it is very important to detect the disease at an early stage.

Conditions of detention

The conditions of detention are directly related to how many chihuahuas live. These dogs are afraid of low temperatures, and stress is also the main enemy of this breed. Accordingly, many factors can greatly affect the health of your pet and should be eliminated from his life.

Also, you need to carefully monitor the hygiene of this crumbs, since the teeth are the weak point of the breed. Be sure to brush your teeth at least once every 2 weeks, trim your nails regularly to prevent paw placement and monitor the hygiene of the paraanal glands.

What reduces the lifespan of a Chihuahua?

How many years your pet will be given depends solely on its owner. Proper care of the dog is guaranteed to give its results, which can not only ensure the full life span, but also its high-quality duration.

Each breed has its own term, but physiological characteristics can either increase the number of years or shorten it. Let’s talk about how many years a Chihuahua lives and what conditions it needs to keep every year filled with joy both for the dog itself and for its owner.

Hereditary factor

As for heredity, everything is quite simple here: animals from good producers can live long enough, of course, with proper care and good nutrition.

If you take a puppy from an unknown breeder or a baby without documents, then be prepared for the fact that the mating was not sanctioned, the parents might not be purebred, which leaves an imprint on the physical health of the puppy, as well as on his psyche.

What affects life expectancy?

As a rule, Chihuahuas live at home for about 12-15 years. There is an opinion that the smaller the dog, the shorter its life span, but this is not entirely true.

Of course, if we are talking about miniature representatives of this breed, then you need to be very careful here and you should remember that there is officially no mini-Chihuahua breed, under this guise the smallest representatives are often sold, which very often have underdeveloped internal organs and over time they can malfunction.

It is believed that mini-dogs live no longer than 5-6 years, while standard dogs can live even more than the allotted average.

Life expectancy also depends on other factors, such as:

  • heredity;
  • conditions of detention;
  • power supply and loads.

Let’s summarize

No matter how good the health of your little pet is, the wrong Chihuahua can significantly reduce the number of years allotted to it.

  • Ignoring the rules of care, the digestive system is the first to fail. Gastritis, enterocolitis begin, the treatment of which can be successful, but affect the general immune system of the body.
  • Improper nutrition can cause skin lesions, and poor hygiene and untimely treatment from parasites will lead to tick bites and the deadly disease of piroplasmosis.
  • Hypothermia very badly affects the kidneys of the pet, and the insidiousness of urological diseases is that the symptoms appear even when it is extremely difficult to help. Therefore, be sure to protect the sneeze from frost, and also regularly take to the veterinarian for examination.

Most importantly, protect your pet from stress, as this can significantly shorten his life. We wish your crumbs good health and long life.!