How castration affects cat behavior
Castration is a procedure that helps to eliminate the harmful influence of the animal’s sexual instincts, but no more! In theory, if the pet is completely healthy and has undergone the castration procedure, its character will only improve.
It is important to understand that the timing of the change in hormonal levels depends on the age at which the cat was castrated. The period from 7 to 9 months is considered optimal for the procedure. At this age, the pet has already formed physically, but has not entered the state of sexual heat. You need to neuter your pet before he starts tagging and calling the cat.
It is known that the rate of development of the reproductive system is individual, some cats are already actively looking for a partner at 6 months, while others do not think about mating until 1.5 years. The procedure can be performed after the testicles have descended into the scrotum. This normally occurs by 4 months of age or earlier. If the cat suffers from cryptorchidism (undescended testicles), castration is postponed until one year of age. The fact is that this feature can be eliminated naturally.
Note! Cryptorchus cats also actively mark territory, like their “full-fledged” brethren. Cryptorchidism is harmless and not fatal, but it is inherited. Cryptorchid cats are recommended to be neutered and not allowed in breeding.
What’s going on with city cats? Starting to walk, the cat screams, marks the territory and diligently attracts males. For 3-4 days, the female observes how the cats fight and divide the territory. The battlefield is flooded with marks and “fragrant”. The strongest cat that survived the fights gets the right to mate. This is the scenario that your pet will have to worry about if you let it go outside.
If the cat is closed in the apartment, he does the same, only in a limited space. The pet begins to mark corners, shouts and fights, only not with competitors, but with whom it will have to. If you are hoping that the cat will stop looking for the cat. do not be naive.
Important! The longer the pet’s problems are ignored, the more serious your inconvenience will become. Sooner or later, the pet will realize that you are going to where the cats might be. To increase his chances of mating, he will start tagging your belongings and shoes. If you invite guests who have a cat or cat, their belongings will also be marked.
What happens after castration? Within 1-10 months, the cat will no longer experience heat. Changes will affect:
- Tags for attracting a partner.
- The marriage call.
- Hunting Aggression.
Since the cat will stop doing things that are completely familiar to itself, it will need to redirect its forces in a different direction. For his part, the owner should not miss this moment and offer the cat an alternative, for example, games.
Note! Owners of castrated cats describe the character of their wards (after surgery) as adolescent: moderately playful, active, curious.
If there are no changes in the pet’s daily routine, you will face an equally serious problem. obesity. The cat eats as it used to, and spends almost 2 times less energy. In addition, the pet will begin to sleep more and more calmly. Unused calories will only go away for the first time and then, by inertia, after a few months, the cat will begin to actively gain weight.
General information on castration
Castration is a surgical procedure to remove a cat’s testicles (testes). This is the only procedure that guarantees control over a cat’s sex drive and related problems.
The operation is performed under general anesthesia, which implies some preparation.
- Even if the cat looks absolutely healthy, 2 weeks before castration, it is necessary to carry out the prophylaxis of parasites and show the pet to the veterinarian.
- Before castration, the cat must receive a full course of vaccination or revaccination.
- The veterinarian examines the cat for breathing and heart problems. If the doctor has any doubts, he will recommend contacting a veterinarian-cardiologist.
Without fail, blood is taken from the cat for analysis. Contraindications for the use of anesthesia are:
When to spay or neuter your cat
- Decreased hemoglobin. indicates anemia, which can give severe complications when recovering from anesthesia and rehabilitation after surgery.
- Rapid erythrocyte sedimentation. indicates oxygen starvation of cells and low immune defense of the body. Erythrocytes carry blood throughout the body, and their rapid sedimentation indicates rapid death.
- An increased number of white blood cells. may indicate an infection or a virus that is already attacking the cat’s body. Anesthesia will significantly reduce the body’s immune defenses, which will allow any ailment to turn into an acute form.
For the normal transfer of anesthesia, the cat must be healthy and have an adequate weight for its physique. Your veterinarian will give your cat a diet for obesity or malnutrition. In the second case, if the weight loss is not caused by a serious illness, the situation is a little easier. The cat must be kept on a diet rich in carbohydrates, and after the operation, transferred to a special food for malnourished animals. In the case of obesity, weight loss should be gradual. Too sharp burning of adipose tissue literally poisons the body with decay products.
Will the cat tag again after castration??
The vast majority of owners are confident that the cat will stop tagging immediately after castration. There is some truth in this statement, but very unpleasant surprises do happen. On the forums, cat owners often discuss tagging topics and quite a few people give up when a cat tagging after castration. Let’s see how to solve the tagging problem and why castration is not a guarantee of success.
At the age of 9-10 months, the cat becomes sexually mature. Until the age of one year, signs of looking for a partner usually do not appear. Some cat breeds mature more slowly and the onset of puberty is extended to 2–2.5 years. However, no matter how calm an adult cat is, sooner or later, he will start looking for a cat to mate. The cat cannot control the changes that occur to him against the background of hormonal surges. The reasons lie in instincts that make the cat behave inappropriately.
The cat begins to mark the territory. The characteristic ammonia smell in the apartment, which is almost impossible to remove and is simply unrealistic to endure, is a sign that the cat is calling the cat.
In nature, scent marks serve as sources of information for both females and males. The smell informs competitors that a cat (adult and strong) already lives here, while females find out that their potential mating partner is physically healthy and courageous (after all, he has seized the territory). In addition to traces of urine, cats can mark by using feces and scratching the surface.
The pet screams loudly. the mating call, this is a common manifestation of sexual intercourse. Night screams, heart-rending and endless. The cat is a priori nocturnal predator, for which it is natural to be active after sunset. In addition, when the sun goes down, the air becomes thinner, which increases its sound transmission. In order for the “narrowed” to hear the cat and yells at night.
The ward begins to show aggression. Is it natural to feel irritated when you can’t achieve what you want? The cat is annoyed that he tries, shouts, generously marks the territory, and the partner has not yet appeared to fulfill his “natural duties”. The cat may be irritated due to lack of sleep, feeling unwell, or even pain.
Remember! Constant stay in a state of sexual hunt is a strong stress both for the psyche and for the body as a whole.
Hormones literally cloud the mind of the ward, he may try to escape from the house, attack you, jump out of the window, and these are not all options.
Post-castration marks. important to know!
What if the cat continues to tag after castration? Perhaps you just need to wait, in adult, sexually mature cats, it can take 10-12 months to stabilize the hormonal background. Some owners say that even a few years after castration, their pets walk. scream, behave defiantly. Very temperamental cats can pretend to mark. lift their tail, but not leave traces.
If more than a year has passed since castration, or you performed the operation before 9 months of age, and the cat continues to tag, the reason is not sexual instinct. Until you find out what worries the cat and do not eliminate this factor, he will not stop tagging.
Let’s see for what reasons a castrated cat can tag.
- Self-doubt is a very multifaceted factor, which can be caused by stress, poor care, a large number of animals in the house. Any discomfort on your own territory. The desire for peace and comfort is inherent in all living beings. It is not the cat’s fault that he cannot come to terms with loneliness, poor care, etc. He will endure, but suffer from constant stress. As you know, monotonous nervous tension greatly weakens the body, and this is the first step towards chronic diseases.
- Lack of attention is a very common cause. If the cat is not communicated with, he feels lonely, abandoned and vulnerable. Marks left everywhere help the cat to be confident in its solvency. No matter how busy you are, set aside at least 15 minutes a day to interact with the animal. Take this time only for your pet, hold it in your arms, play. Yes, 15 minutes is not enough, but you will allocate them every day, the cat will be sure that he has not been forgotten or abandoned. Making sure he gets attention will reduce stress levels and dull the urge to go to extremes for the sake of communication.
- Jealousy. when replenishing a family, the appearance of new roommates or animals in the house, cats defend their territory for some time. Some cats tag their owner’s bed in order to get closer, as if to combine smells. The opposite situation also happens when a cat marks the territory of a stranger, showing that he is the master of the territory. Cats very often mark the things of newborn children, since a small, crying and rather strange creature scares the pet. Over time, the cat will get used to the child and love him. but before that, the pet will need increased care and attention. How to combine taking care of the owner and the cat? A difficult question, but there is a way out. take the cat to bed while sleeping. Even without games and conversations, the pet will make sure that it is not abandoned.
- Urine traces left in the corners may not indicate a character problem, but signal an illness. Immediately after surgery, the cat may have short-term urinary incontinence. If several months have passed since the operation, and the cat has begun to make puddles, make sure that he is healthy. In case of urolithiasis, the pet can avoid the litter box, make puddles on the bed and other soft surfaces.
If the cat marks after castration
After castration, the removed testes of the male cease to produce male sex hormones and after a short time the cat ceases to misbehave. But in some cases, the cat, even after castration, continues to mark.
In this article, I would like to take a closer look at this unpleasant moment.
There are several reasons why a cat marks after castration:
Neutering a cat or not. Кастрировать или нет ?!
Not enough time has passed since castration. The cat will stop tagging not immediately after the operation, but when its hormonal levels decrease. This usually happens within 2-3 weeks, sometimes the process is delayed up to several months. In any case, every day his desire to show sexual instincts will be less and less, and, in the end, will come to naught.
An operation performed in bad faith. Unfortunately, it is not uncommon for owners to be misled by a veterinarian. This situation happens when a cat is castrated at home. About 2% of cats are cryptorchids, i.e. have a pathology in which one testicle does not enter the scrotum and remains under the skin or in the abdominal cavity. Removal of the testis in this case is carried out by means of an abdominal operation or using a skin incision to extract the testicle. The responsible doctor examines the cat before the operation, ascertains the presence of cryptorchidism and suggests solutions to the problem. Castration of a cryptorchus cat is more expensive and is associated with certain difficulties. It is more difficult to carry out it at home than in a veterinary clinic. It happens that a veterinarian, having come to the call for the castration of a cat, even having discovered a problem, decides to keep silent about it so as not to lose money. And he simply removes the testicle that has descended into the scrotum, keeping silent about cryptorchidism. The owners, after the operation, wonder why the cat continues to tag. This situation is also unpleasant because people who paid for the service in full are sure that the operation was carried out correctly, or rather, they simply do not know that it could be otherwise.
The solution to the problem is to remove the second testis.
As an advice, I can recommend contacting only an experienced specialist, preferably on the recommendation of friends and acquaintances.
The health of the cat’s genitourinary system. Quite often, owners mistakenly believe that their cat continues to leave tags after neutering. People come to us with complaints that are described as similar to symptoms of cystitis or manifestations of urolithiasis (blockage of the urethra with sand due to urolithiasis). But the owners are sure that the cat is aiming. To diagnose the disease, you should contact your veterinarian, be sure to conduct a urine test for the presence of inorganic sediment. After the treatment of the disease, the cat will stop “tagging“.
Behavioral features of the cat. Cats mark territory not only with the secretion of the perianal sinuses, but also with urine and even feces. It also happens that the cat just shits in the wrong place in which the owners would like. As in the previous case, it is first necessary to exclude diseases of the genitourinary system. And if everything is in order with the health of the cat, its owner will have a course of consultations with a specialist. zoopsychologist, aimed at identifying the reasons that led to such unpleasant behavior of the cat.
In this article, I tried to describe the main reasons why a cat continues to tag even after being castrated. Summing up, I would like to note that this does not happen with every cat. The bulk of the animals castrated by our service stop tagging, the cat becomes calmer, playful, leads a full-fledged lifestyle and lives longer than its non-castrated counterparts.
On our website you can read more about the castration of a cat, as well as call a veterinarian to carry out this procedure at home.
Caring for a cat after surgery
After castration, a cat requires some care. Many veterinary clinics offer a postoperative hospital service. the animal is placed in a separate box with an optimal microclimate, monitored until complete recovery from anesthesia, then given to the owners.
If your veterinary clinic does not provide such services or if you decide to operate on a cat at home, below are our recommendations for caring for a cat after neutering:
- In order to prevent vomiting and aspiration of the respiratory tract with vomit, it is not recommended to feed the cat for 24 hours after castration. Water can be offered 4-6 hours after the cat regains consciousness.
- While the animal is unconscious, it is best to place it on the floor. Do not put the cat on a sofa or table, as he can fall when he comes to himself. In addition, spontaneous urination is possible during anesthesia, so it is advisable to spread an absorbent diaper.
- The bright light irritates the optic nerve when coming out of anesthesia. If possible, create twilight in the room by drawing the curtains. This will make it more comfortable for the cat to wake up.
- In anesthesia, the body temperature decreases by 1.0 o C-1.5 o C. To prevent hypothermia, especially if the room is cool, it is advisable to place the cat in the area of the radiator, but not next to electrical appliances that have an open heating element. You can also use a plastic bottle filled with hot tap water (not boiling water!). put the cat on a warm bed, place a bottle next to it and cover the animal with a thick cloth, blanket, old sweater, etc. This recommendation applies to the cold season. No additional warming is required in warm and hot weather.
- Under anesthesia, cats are unable to blink, so it is recommended to periodically instill sterile saline, water for injection, contact lens fluid, or non-antibiotic eye drops (eg, Diamond Eyes) on the cornea before waking up.
- The duration of deep sleep in anesthesia is from 15 to 120 minutes, depending on the route of administration and the dose of drugs. At this time, it is necessary to ensure that the cat does not bury its nose somewhere and suffocate.
- Coming out of anesthesia, the cat can show aggression. For the next day, give the animal complete rest, do not try to wake him up by force. Try to restrict access to the area for other cats and dogs, and keep children out. The time of complete recovery from the state of anesthesia varies from 6 hours to a day, depending on the individual characteristics of the organism. When the cat comes to its senses, for some time (up to 8 hours), there may be a shaky gait, lethargy, drowsiness, vomiting, and involuntary urination. This is a normal post-anesthetic condition, you should not worry.
- The castration wound is not sutured, therefore, in order to avoid getting cat litter into it, it is advisable to reduce its layer to a minimum or even replace it with newspapers, an absorbent diaper or toilet paper for several days. This will prevent the ingress of small particles and eliminate complications.
- During the first hours after the operation, it is possible to moisten the wound with blood. Slight bleeding is acceptable and not dangerous to the animal. The wound can be dried with a sterile gauze pad. In case of significant bleeding (more than 1 ml), it is better to consult a veterinarian.
- Often, cats are overly diligent in hygiene castration wounds and can injure her with their rough tongue. To prevent self-injury, it is advisable to purchase and wear a protective collar for several days. It does not interfere with food intake, but does not allow the cat to get to the wound.
Castration of a cat
Castration of a cat is one of the most demanded procedures in a metropolis. Indeed, with apartment maintenance, a sexually mature cat is able to create many problems for its owners.
In this article, we will tell you in detail about anesthesia, surgery, describe the methods and methods of neutering cats, talk about postoperative care and possible complications.
“Perhaps it is better not to mock nature and leave everything as it is?” some pet owners will ask. After all, the possibility of reproduction is the main mechanism for preserving the species. And if we were talking about cats living in the wild, the question of the need for castration was not raised. However, we are talking about domestic cats living in city apartments. These animals are deprived of the opportunity to satisfy their own sexual instincts. As a result, the behavior of the cat, ready to mate, changes in a negative direction. the animal vocalizes loudly (screams) and marks the territory with the secret of special glands with a very unpleasant odor. And sooner or later the owner decides to castrate the cat.
We always recommend neutering cats that are not intended for breeding, since the advantages of the operation are much greater than the disadvantages.
What is cat castration
Castration of a cat is a surgical or medical procedure, the purpose of which is to suppress libido and eliminate the sexual instincts in an animal.
With surgical castration under general anesthesia (anesthesia), the testes (testicles) located in or outside the scrotum are removed (see cryptorchidism).
With medical castration, the same goals are pursued, only the procedure is performed without general anesthesia. Currently, the Suprelorin implant is used for this, which is injected under the skin at the withers or into the skin and fat fold on the abdomen.
Regardless of the method of castration, the result is a change in hormonal levels, a decrease in the production of androgens (testosterone), and, as a result, changes in the behavior and life of the cat for the better.
Castration of a cat and urolithiasis
Urolithiasis (urolithiasis). the formation of soluble and insoluble calculi (stones, sand) in the organs of the urinary system.
It is believed that this disease in cats is directly related to castration. However, it is not. Sand is formed due to an insufficiently balanced diet, low water consumption, and also due to a sedentary lifestyle in both castrated and non-castrated cats. But, due to the narrowing of the lumen of the urethra, in castrates, the risk of obstruction (blockage) with sand increases significantly. That is why we focus on urolithiasis in cats after castration.
- the cat often sits in the tray for a long time,
- vocalizes plaintively (meows),
- after visiting the tray, the litter remains dry or slightly damp (the cat pees drop by drop),
- loss of appetite, refusal of water.
It is important to remember that the absence of urination for more than 12 hours is a reason to contact your veterinarian. Urine that cannot be expelled from the bladder flows back to the kidneys, causing irreversible damage.
For the treatment of urolithiasis, a number of medical and diagnostic procedures are carried out aimed at evacuating urine, determining the type of stones, conducting symptomatic treatment and adjusting the cat’s diet. In case of frequent relapses of urethral obstruction, an operation is performed. urethrostomy.
Feeding a castrated cat to prevent urolithiasis
Treatment of a cat with urolithiasis is expensive, and in the case of a urethrostomy, it is also unpredictable in the result, therefore, it is better for the owner to listen to the recommendations for proper feeding of a castrated cat to prevent the formation of sand in the urinary tract and prevent the development of the disease:
- A neutered cat must be fed with special industrial food. The main task of such a feed is to ensure sufficient water intake, which helps to maintain the acidity of urine at the level of 6.0-7.0. This range of urine pH helps to dissolve triple phosphate (the most common type of stone in cats) and prevents the formation of oxalates (insoluble stones).
- If for some reason the cat does not accept industrial dry and wet food, the owner should pay special attention to feeding with homemade food. It is necessary to exclude fish and seafood in any form from the diet forever, as well as everything that contains a lot of phosphorus, calcium and magnesium.
- Make sure that the cat is drinking enough water. According to scientific research, a cat weighing 4-5 kg should drink 150-200 ml of pure water per day. Even more water is required when feeding with dry food.
Remember that low water intake is a direct path to urolithiasis.!
Possible complications after cat castration
Usually, cats tolerate the operation well and complications after castration are rare. However, you should be wary and seek qualified help in the cases below.
- Bleeding from the wound. A few drops of blood appearing in the area of the wound are not a complication. If the blood flows out actively or runs in a trickle, it is possible that the ligature has come off or a biological knot has untied. In this case, you need to see a doctor as soon as possible.
- Self-injury. If the cat actively licks the scrotum in the first days after castration, the wound inflicted by the cat to itself during compulsive licking can become a complication. To prevent this, it is enough to put on a protective collar around the animal’s neck. You can remove the collar 3-5 days after the operation.
- Inflammation, wound suppuration, abscesses. In any veterinary clinic, during castration, a number of antiseptic procedures are performed to prevent such complications. In the case of castration of a cat at home, postoperative suppuration is not excluded due to insufficient sterility of the room, fetidity of the suture material, the doctor’s attitude to his work, etc. If you suspect that the wound is suppurating, contact your veterinarian immediately.
- Fistulas as a result of ligature rejection. Due to the individual specific reaction to the suture material, the cat’s body may begin to reject it. After the operation, sometimes after several months, a fistula forms on the skin of the scrotum, from which a surgical thread can “peep out”. However, fistulas are rare in cats. Treatment. reoperation and removal of the ligature. Currently, most veterinarians prefer the ligature-free method of castration, so the percentage of such complications is vanishingly small.
- Urolithiasis (more precisely, lack of urination, obstruction of the urethra with sand). By itself, urolithiasis has nothing to do with castration. Bladder sand occurs in both castrated and non-castrated cats. However, after castration, especially when it is performed at an early age, the lumen of the urethra narrows. Prevention of the formation of calculi in the urine consists in the correct feeding of the cat after castration. Read more below.
Cons of neutering a cat:
- The risk of urethral obstruction by sand increases with the development of urolithiasis. The owner will be required to feed the cat for life with special food to prevent the formation of urinary calculi.
- Decreased activity of the animal leads to the formation of excess weight and increases the risk of developing diseases of the cardiovascular system. Feeding industrial diets for neutered cats and, most importantly, adhering to the daily feeding norms indicated on the package will prevent the development of obesity.
- High anesthetic risks associated with general anesthesia. The older the animal, the higher the risk of anesthesia. Therefore, it is better to perform castration up to 2-3 years. For older animals, medical castration is recommended.
At what age to castrate a cat?
Perhaps the most controversial opinion among veterinarians is about the age of the cat’s castration. Clearly defined encyclopedic data on this issue simply does not exist. Therefore, each doctor calls a figure based on his own experience and clinical observations.
We usually recommend neutering a cat between 7 and 9 months of age. This age is optimal from a physiological point of view. Up to 7 months, there is an intensive growth of the animal, the formation of all systems of organs and tissues. Before this age, we do not recommend castration. First of all, due to the anatomical features of the cat’s reproductive organs. After an operation performed at an early age, the genitourinary system ceases to develop. The penis and urethra remain underdeveloped. This does not interfere with a healthy animal, but, in the case of sand formation and the development of urolithiasis, it greatly complicates the treatment.
Large breed cats (for example, Maine Coon, Neva Masquerade, Kurilian Bobtail) can be castrated even earlier than 7 months of age, but only if the weight of the cat is more than 3 kilograms.
Why up to 9 months? By this age, puberty ends, the cat becomes a fully formed male. And his hormonal system is undergoing changes as well. Testosterone, a hormone that regulates libido, begins to be produced not only in the testes, but also in other endocrine glands. the pituitary and adrenal glands. Accordingly, when a cat is castrated after 9 months of age, the hormonal background can remain high for quite a long time. up to six months. And owners’ expectations of a quick castration effect may not be met.
Of course, the above does not mean that after 9 months it is impossible to castrate a cat. It is possible, but it should be remembered that the effect of castration may appear later than expected, as well as the fact that with each year of the animal’s life, the anesthetic risks of the operation increase.
After the age of 7 years, the approach to the operation should be especially responsible, because the animal is already moving into the category of elderly and requires increased attention of the veterinarian. Before castration, it is usually recommended to check the functioning of the kidneys, liver and heart of the cat. For this purpose, a biochemical blood test, ultrasound diagnostics and electrocardiography are carried out. After that, the doctor makes a decision about the operation or offers alternative options.
Castration: myths and reality
Myth 2: After castration, animals become lazy, lethargic and infantile.
This myth arose due to the fact that cats are most often castrated either during adolescence (6-9 months) or in adulthood (6-8 years). The kitten grows up, becomes less playful, and the owners associate character changes with castration. The same applies to mature animals. the cat becomes more sedate, more balanced, and the person thinks: “Well, a year ago he castrated the pet, and he turned into a lazybones.” In fact, it is strange to assume that castration can turn a playful cat into a sleepy sleepyhead. The character depends on a huge number of factors, including:
- type of GNI (choleric, sanguine, phlegmatic, melancholic);
- breed affiliation;
- conditions of detention and much more.
Sometimes owners take for the playfulness the increased activity of the cat, associated with an overabundance of sexual energy. The cat runs around the apartment in circles, bounces on various objects, constantly in motion, not because he likes it, but because he is driven by the reproductive instinct. He literally doesn’t know what to do with himself. After castration, an animal that is calm by nature will stop looking for a partner and will enjoy life, but a really playful cat will remain so.
Myth 8: Castration shortens life span
Many owners are concerned about the question: “How long do castrated cats live?” Opponents of this procedure spread the opinion that castrated animals age faster, get sick more often and leave much earlier than non-castrated pets. However, the conclusions of veterinarians are the opposite: castration increases life expectancy by an average of 3-5 years. Why?
- do not participate in fights for territory and “ladies of the heart”;
- do not mate with stray, 100% sick cats (yard cattle always have a number of genital infections and are certainly infected with either worms or fleas, and more often both);
- are not inclined to “go on a spree” indefinitely. The risk of getting lost, dying under the wheels of a car or in the mouth of an angry dog is minimized;
- do not suffer from constant hormonal “bursts”;
- do not experience the stress of not being able to fully satisfy their instincts;
- do not run the risk of developing cancer of the testicles, prostate, prostatitis and many other diseases from which non-castrated cats suffer.
Neutered animals, other things being equal (feeding, heredity, etc.), live longer than their non-castrated compatriots. Of course, we are not talking about pedigree producers. this is a completely different story.
Myth 6: After castration, the cat will stop yelling, tearing furniture and wallpaper, scratching, etc.
In many cases, the undesirable behavior of cats is associated with the reproductive instinct. the pet “sings” all night long, spoils furniture and clothes, attacks guests, as it experiences stress due to dissatisfaction. In situations like this, castration is indeed an effective method of correcting the problem. But sometimes a castrated cat yells all day, bites, tears the wallpaper and does everything possible to “harm” even months after the procedure. in this case, it is necessary to look for the reason, identify the factor that prompts the pet to behave in this way (stress, illness, lack of attention, etc.).
Myth 9: Neutered cats are bad hunters.
Not true. Castrated cats catch mice just as well as their non-castrated counterparts. In general, it is strange to think that the absence of testes can in any way affect the hunting instincts. After castration, a mouse cat will go hunting with the same pleasure as before (or maybe with great enthusiasm, because now there is no need to be distracted by friends). But if the cat is fed to the limit, then yes. he will simply be too lazy to go somewhere. But here it all depends on the owner. you can overfeed any animal.
Myth 7: A neutered cat cannot mate.
Can a neutered cat mate? Yes, if he had experience before the procedure, and then communicates with a cat ready for mating. Some breeders specifically keep such cats as a “sedative” for cats that go into the “hunt”, but the breeder does not plan to receive offspring from them at the moment. If the cat has never mated before the procedure, then, most likely, he will not show interest in the opposite sex. If a cat mated before castration, but after that does not communicate with cats for several months, most likely he will not remember his past exploits.
If the neutered cat wants a cat, perhaps too little time has passed after the procedure (the testosterone level is still high enough) or the pet had a lot of experience before neutering (in this case, it is necessary to limit its communication with the opposite sex for some time so that the cat will “forget” about March adventures).
Myth 1: If a cat is tagging, castration will definitely solve the problem.
Cats and cats mark territory for many reasons. This includes territorial claims, and feelings of lack of attention, and pain syndrome. Any stress can cause this behavior. Castration is effective only when the tags are associated with the cat’s sexual activity, with his desire to declare himself, to find a partner. Sometimes a cat marks after castration for several weeks or even months, and then the behavior changes for the better. this is due to the fact that the level of hormones decreases not on the day of the operation, but gradually, gradually reaching the optimal level. Do cats tag after castration? Definitely yes, if the labels are not directly related to the reproductive instinct. Castration is not a panacea!
Targets or shits
Cats dirty in different ways. There is urination and defecation in the wrong place, and there are marks of the smell of urine and feces. An animal marks when it leaves marks on vertical surfaces. At the same time, the tail is raised, trembling. Shifts on the front paws. means that the cat leaves more marks with the secretion of the interdigital glands.
The cat also marks on horizontal surfaces, for example, on the bed. However, the mark will be in the form of a narrow, long strip. If puddles are found on a horizontal surface, then this is an example of unscrupulous behavior, not tagging. Cats are clean and if they are accustomed to the litter box, then for no reason they do not start shitting anywhere.
Marked by both males and females. A cat that is stressed, pregnant or in heat. The cat marks the territory to designate and protect it, to show who is in charge. On the street, they leave scent marks on trees, fences and other objects. The smell is perceptible only to other animals and does not annoy humans. In the house, pets mark furniture, walls, as well as the owner’s clothes and shoes, since they have someone else’s smell from the street on them. They do this not out of revenge, but at the level of instincts.
Sterilization and castration is the main solution to the problem. But sterile animals continue to tag. over, some owners see the reason for this behavior in the transferred anesthesia during the operation. However, medical studies have shown that the introduction of a narcotic sleep in the future does not affect the behavior of the animal.
Reasons why a cat marks after castration
According to the observations of physicians, based on the treatment of cat breeders, 5% of cats continue to leave marks after removal of the reproductive organs. Before weaning an animal from such behavior, you should find out the reason.
Poor work of the veterinarian
Another reason why a castrated cat marks is an incorrect operation. This happens most often with cryptorchids. cats in which one or two testicles are not descended into the scrotum.
If the cryptorchus cat continues to tag after the operation, most likely only one testicle in the scrotum was removed, and the testis, which did not descend and is located in the abdominal cavity or under the skin, was left. In this case, sex hormones do not stop being produced. The cat will again ask the cat and leave marks. Such an animal is considered not completely neutered. An abdominal operation or a skin incision is performed if the testicle is under the skin.
Little time has passed since the operation
Urine marks are the main reason why owners decide on castration. And they expect them to disappear immediately after the procedure. However, it takes time for the feline body to restructure its hormonal levels. It takes weeks, and in other cases several months. Therefore, the owners need to be patient.
If the cat is sterile, regularly walks into the tray, but has begun to tag, most likely he is stressed. For some reason, the cat wants to calm down, leaving marks or blocking someone else’s smell with his own. The pet falls into a stressful state due to moving, repairs, the appearance of a new person or animal in the family, a changed attitude on the part of the owner. And all this turns out to be the reason why the cat marks. The arrival of a stranger who does not like the cat may end up in the fact that the chair in which he was sitting will be marked. The pet thus blocks the odor that is unpleasant for him.
The second reason why a castrated cat leaves marks is excessive attachment to the owner. In this case, problems begin, for example, due to a long absence of the owner or if he changed the work schedule. he was at home all day, but now he is not.
The owner needs to eliminate stress for the pet. Perhaps after consulting a veterinarian, sedatives for cats can help. Alternatively, use Feliway pheromones, which are a corrector of feline behavior.
Castrated cat marks: what to do
Castration makes the cat calm, as he forgets about the need to continue the race, stops leaving scent marks to attract cats. And it is understandable why all owners, without exception, are surprised if it happens that the cat marks after castration. After all, the main reason why they go to the operation is the desire to get rid of the marks. Before taking drastic measures, you need to understand the reasons for this behavior of the cat.
Neutering an old cat
Ideally, the animal should be neutered at a young age. Basically, castration is recommended at 7-9 months. In large breeds, earlier. at 4-6 months, the main thing is that the weight of the animal is at least 3 kg.
After 9 months, testosterone is produced not only in the testes, but also in the adrenal glands and pituitary gland. Therefore, the level of the sex hormone remains high for a long time. It takes up to six months to change the ratio of hormones in the body of a cat after castration. And for many owners, the expectations of a quick effect from the operation are not met.
There is also such a category of cats in which it has already become a habit, a ritual, to leave tags. Especially if the cat has been aiming for a long time, it develops a strong skill. It is difficult to re-educate a cat in a deeply mature age on your own and to form new habits. In some cases, only a zoopsychologist will help.
Positive aspects of neutering cats:
- The character of the animal improves. The cat will become more affectionate, calm and obedient.
- The animal will no longer mark the territory with secretions, leaving an unpleasant smell.
- Aggressive behavior and loud nocturnal screams during the moments of “walking” will stop.
- Suppressed sexual instincts will not make the cat look for a partner and rush out into the street. He will become a quiet pet.
- The risk of contracting a genital infection is practically eliminated, interest in cats disappears.
- Neutered cats live longer, by about 3-4 years, as they lead a more relaxed home life.
All this has a positive effect on both the animal itself and the owner.
Possible negative points:
- After the operation, the cat begins to eat with a vengeance due to the change in hormonal levels. Becomes less mobile, lazy. All this leads to pet obesity. These troubles are solved by proper feeding and increasing the activity of the animal.
- After surgery, adult cats may have problems with walking and chanting. Since in adult (sexually mature) cats, not only the testes are responsible for the production of hormones, but also the pituitary gland. The castration operation may become useless. But the problem of the smell of tags will help to solve.
- There may be problems in the work of the cardiovascular system, immediately after the operation. This is due to the use of anesthesia. This is more common in adult and older cats.
Veterinarians recommend neutering your pet before puberty, i.e. after eight months of age. Before the operation, a prerequisite is the examination of the animal to identify possible contraindications in order to exclude complications after surgery. The operation usually takes about half an hour.
After castration surgery, any complications are extremely rare. The doctor will listen to the cat’s heartbeat and make sure it comes out of anesthesia. Caring for an animal after surgery is not difficult, the main thing is to follow the recommended diet, care for and love the animal.
Cat after castration
Almost every cat owner once has a question about the castration of his pet. It is believed that there are both positive and negative aspects to castration. The operation itself is not difficult to castrate a cat. This is the removal of the gonads of an animal by surgery.
Cat behavior after castration
Castration surgery for a cat is a huge stress. His behavior after coming out of anesthesia is influenced by the degree of arousal before anesthesia, the anesthesia itself, the environment after waking up. In reality, everyone behaves differently: who is calm and lethargic, and who is aggressive and uncontrollable.
To provoke an attack of aggression when coming out of anesthesia can be the behavior of the owners or the resulting pain. By showing increased attention and affection, you can be bitten and scratched, even by a kind cat. After a while, the pains will pass, the stitches will heal, the condition and mood of the pet will normalize. The cat will lead his usual way of life.
It is anesthesia that affects the duration of the animal’s recovery from anesthesia. I use two types of anesthesia. general and local. Local anesthesia passes quickly. the animal usually comes to its senses within an hour. General anesthesia will take a long time to fully awaken, sometimes it takes up to a day. Recovery from general anesthesia is slow, gradual. The animal experiences weakness, impaired coordination of movement, disorientation in space. You may experience nausea, loss of appetite.
At this time, you cannot leave the cat on the couch, bed and other elevations, from where it can fall. When he wakes up, he can fall asleep again, he still lacks good coordination and strength. He cannot calculate the distance and trajectory of the jump. It may result in a bad fall and damage.
All animals go through the stage of awakening from anesthesia in different ways. Therefore, it is difficult to say exactly when he will come to his senses. It is necessary to monitor the condition of the pet for several days after the operation. Residual effects after anesthesia may occur. Most often it is a lack of coordination, lethargy, dizziness, drowsiness.
If the cat tries to hide in a quiet place, let him be alone, do not bother. When he recovers, he will come to you. Sometimes the animal, on the contrary, is in an overexcited state. Can meow loudly, run around the apartment, jump, attracting the attention of the owners. For such a cat you need “eye and eye”. After all, his coordination has not yet recovered.
If a sexually mature cat has been operated on, then after the operation for some time, he can continue to tag with the same intensity. This can take several weeks. Gradually, the level of the remaining sex hormones will decrease and come to naught. The cat will calm down and stop leaving marks.
But not all cats after castration stop leaving marks, it depends more on the environment. If the animal has been tagging because of sexual desire, then such tags will stop. If it was a territory marker, they will mark it for some time. Some individuals mark their whole life no matter what.
If the cat has had experience with a cat, at first, he may try to mate. This will not bring offspring. If a young male, immature, is castrated, then he will not have any problems with the requirement of a cat.
The behavior of any cat after castration changes only for the better. Surprised owners find an affectionate, domestic cat at their feet, the smell of urine gradually disappears, aggression and night screams disappear, everyone is happy, including the pet. He is no longer a preoccupied male, but a balanced and well-groomed socialite “lion”.
How castration affects cat behavior
Castration is the only guaranteed method for eliminating a cat’s sex drive and reducing the intensity of the behavioral factors associated with this instinct. In order to understand what exactly will change in the behavior of the cat, it is easiest to consider the habits that the cat exhibits against the background of sexual arousal.
Marks are the most obvious signal of the male to attract the female. Tags are traces of special liquids (secrets) with an individual odor. Secrets can be contained:
- In urine.
- In feces.
- In sweat between the fingers.
Urine marks are left in a particularly demonstrative way. the cat lifts its tail and splashes urine. Feces marks are the same heaps, only more fragrant. Even when you take everything away, the smell will remain. Very often, feces marks are misunderstood, believing that the cat is crap in the house. Scratching walls, wallpaper, curtains and doors is also a way to leave marks.
Note! Castration helps to get rid of the desire to tag in a cat, but eliminating bad habits can take time.
Heart-rending screams, especially at night, is also a manifestation of sexual desire. The cat waits for the night and starts screaming heart-rendingly so that the cat hears his call and answers. Castration solves this problem almost immediately. If the cat was mated before castration, the process of balancing hormonal levels can take up to 6-9 months.
The defiant behavior and aggression that the cat began to show during the sexual hunt is a natural consequence of dissatisfaction. Just do not confuse the concepts, the cat does not feel satisfaction from mating, but it is very stressful if he has nowhere to throw out the accumulated energy.
After castration, the cat becomes more affectionate, and the mood swings disappear over time. Again, peaks in activity and mood swings should not be compared. The peak of activity is when a calm cat begins to rush, jump, and true discouragement is read on his face. After 10-15 minutes, the pet calms down and behaves as if nothing had happened. Peaks of activity are a kind of discharge or a way to blow off steam.
General information on castration
Many owners do not want to neuter their cats, as they find the procedure difficult and dangerous. In fact, it is difficult to call castration an operation, the whole process takes 15–20 minutes, the purpose of which is to remove the testes. However, castration is performed under general anesthesia, with the use of supportive therapy, therefore it is considered a full-fledged operation.
The optimal time for the operation is 7-9 months of age. In theory, a cat can be castrated from the moment the testicles descend into the scrotum. The procedure is best done before the manifestation of sexual desire. Some veterinarians do not recommend surgery before 5 months of age because the hormones secreted by the testes affect bone formation. However, not so long ago in Europe, studies were carried out that showed that castration at the age of 2-3 months is more easily tolerated by both females and males.
Important! At least 2 weeks before castration, the cat needs to drive out the worms and complete the vaccination.
Cryptorchid cats are castrated much later, at the age of one or even later. The fact is that the testicles can descend in a natural way. If this does not happen, castration is performed using abdominal surgery. Cryptorchid cats need to be neutered, since they have a very high risk of developing serious ailments and inflammation of the genitourinary system. After castration, cryptorchids are no different from healthy cats.
Before neutering a cat, you need to prepare.
- At least you need to get blood and urine tests.
- At a preliminary examination by a veterinarian, special attention should be paid to possible deviations in the work of the cardiovascular system. If there is the slightest suspicion of a malfunction of the heart or liver, castration is postponed and a more detailed examination is carried out. The fact is that the risk of complications during surgery is most often associated with cardiac arrest, and problems with recovery from anesthesia are usually caused by liver failure.
Important! Being overweight or underweight is a serious contraindication for castration.
Why does a cat after castration want a cat. features of behavior before and after
What if the cat after castration wants a cat? Usually this question is asked by owners, whose pets continue to tag and scream after the procedure. How to distinguish sexual desire from an excited state and how to quickly get rid of the pet’s bad habits.
Sexual hunting in a cat after castration. it is important to know!
How to deal with sexual desire, which continues to torment a cat after castration. The solution to the problem depends on the cause and manifestations of the unacceptable behavior. The rarest case is when the cat continues to get excited by smelling the cat. There are only two options: wait or use hormone therapy. After castration, it may take six months or more to restore normal hormonal levels. If the pet is badly marks or shows aggression, you can resort to a course of hormonal drugs that will bring the system into balance in a few days.
Marks after castration do not always indicate sexual heat. Urine traces may not be marks at all. Quite often, with cystitis, urolithiasis and inflammation of the genitals, it becomes painful for a cat to go to the toilet. Knowing that the litter box is associated with pain, the cat begins to write in the wrong places. Most often, traces appear on soft surfaces: sofas, carpets, clothes, shoes. By the way, the smell of urine of a cat that suffers from problems with the genitourinary system is very pungent and similar to the smell of tags.
When urinating, the cat should be safe and calm. If the pet is not comfortable, it may urinate on the bed or other furniture. The choice of location is based on several criteria: the back must be protected, the view must be good (at a height), the surface must be soft. It is due to the fact that the cat does not feel safe very often urine stains are found on the owner’s bed.
If a cat lifts its tail, it does not mean that it is aiming. Even neutered, but temperamental cats often remain in the habit of demonstrating their territoriality. Imitation of the mark becomes a ritual without consequences. It is not worth fighting this habitual one, as it is one of the factors of self-confidence.
Traces of urine, especially on things or the bed, can indicate jealousy, rather than sexual desire. Cats are quite often jealous of new tenants, newborn babies or other pets. The motivation of such marks is twofold, the cat can express tender feelings, care and a desire to protect the object of adoration. or, conversely, show dissatisfaction and a desire to get rid of the invader. In both cases, the problem must be solved gradually and carefully. The cat will get used to the new family member, and until this happens, the owner needs to pay more attention to the pet.