Coton de tulear
Coton de Tourer. a breed from the island of Madagascar, a small dog with soft white fur, a descendant of the Maltese lapdog.
Like the lapdogs, the coton de toutera has a soft, good-natured character. she is glad to see everyone. But, unlike the Maltese, the Coton de Tulear is not just a sofa dog, it will gladly take part in fun games, will bring a stick or a ball, requires daily walks.
Madagascar lapdog easily gets along with pets, loves playing with children.
Like all bichons, the coton de tulear needs care. the lapdog’s wool is snow-white and long, they need frequent washing, regular combing.
The smallest dog breeds (photo): Affenpinscher
The smallest dog breeds (photo): name. Havana Bichon
It would be interesting to know what breeds of small decorative dogs you have, our dear readers?
It is convenient to keep small dogs in the conditions of city apartments.
Most often, decorative breeds are non-aggressive, they get along well with children.
Many small dog breeds do not have special keeping features.
I have compiled a list of 35 small dog breeds, with photos and short descriptions.
Jack Russell Terrier
The breed was created by the English priest and dog breeder John Russell in the early 19th century. He wanted to get dogs capable of chasing game on a par with hounds and at the same time penetrating holes, driving out prey. The selection resulted in strong, fast, flexible dogs.
The height of Jack Russell Terriers is 25. 30 cm, body weight is 5. 6 kg.
There are 2 types of wool in the breed:
- Smooth-haired dogs have short, close-fitting hair.
- In wire-haired dogs, the coat is coarse, the muzzle is surrounded by an elongated decorating hair in the form of a mustache and beard.
The color of both species is the same: white with black, chestnut or red spots. Jack Russells are friendly to children and adults, even outsiders. Cats and dogs are often at odds with. With a lack of attention, they can bark for no reason, behave aggressively. Life expectancy 13. 16 years.
Wire fox terrier
The Wirehaired Fox Terrier is one of the oldest representatives of the English Terrier. It is a hyperactive, stubborn dog with excellent hunting skills that have survived to this day. Wire-haired Fox Terrier. mischievous and mischievous, pet with a foolish character, explosive temperament. Not suitable for calm people, does not feel comfortable in the apartment. The fox terrier is aggressive towards other animals, besides daily long walks, the dog needs movement during the day. ideal for living in a private house with a fenced area. Wire-haired Fox Terrier is demanding in its care. for the coat to acquire a wiry appearance, only manual trimming is necessary.
Irish Terrier was bred in the 19th century on the territory of Ireland, it is a descendant of wire-haired terriers.
Irish Terrier is an excellent hunter of rats, otters, foxes.
Highly intelligent, energetic, agile dog.
The terrier is friendly towards humans, but it is difficult to get along with other animals. Irish Terrier males are pugnacious, aggressive towards other dogs, recklessly rushing into the attack even with larger representatives.
By nature, the Irishman is calmer and more balanced than the fox terrier.
Irish Terrier coat grooming consists of periodic trimming or brushing with a stiff brush.
American toy terrier
The breed appeared in the 30s of the last century in the USA on the basis of selected individuals of Chihuahuas and smooth-haired fox terriers. For kinship with the latter received the second name. toy fox terriers.
It used to be that American toys were carried by traveling circus troupes to protect them from rats.
American Toy Terriers are small but sturdy dogs with smooth hair and straight, triangular ears. The growth of animals is from 21.5 to 29.5 cm, body weight is 1.5. 3.2 kg. They remain energetic and playful until old age. They are easily adaptable to any conditions, they learn quickly. Average life span 13-14 years.
Compliant, very loyal dog, which crimps the owner and will follow him like a shadow everywhere. They sit next to you all the time and look at you, waiting for you to pay attention, but at the same time they are not imposed with games or pranks.
Height 23-35 cm, weight 2-6 kg
The smallest dog breeds (photo): Name. Yorkshire Terrier
All dog breeds in one catalog
Dog breeds have been bred for many thousands of years. This process continues to this day. Other mammalian species do not have as much genetic diversity as dogs. What is the huge difference between Chihuahua and Great Dane?
There are different interpretations of what is called “breed”. Breeds are actually classified according to the functional purpose for which the breed was bred. Most of the registered dog breeds. Traditional breeds with a very long history. The origin of some dog breeds is associated with two or three countries at once. All traditional dog breeds are listed on the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) registry, but some new breeds are still in development.
According to their functional purpose, all dog breeds are divided into such subcategories as working dogs, domestic (family) dogs, herding dogs, guard dogs, hunting and sled dogs. Working dogs are used, for example, for therapy or police service. Family dogs are bred for the home and do not have a clear functional purpose. Herding dogs work with livestock. Guard dogs must protect property. They bark loudly when they sense an intruder, thus warning their master. Hunting dog breeds help the owner on the hunt. Different types of dogs have specific hunting skills. Sled dogs were bred to transport goods in sleds to hard-to-reach regions.
Let’s take a closer look at each of the types of dog breeds:
- Fighting. These are dogs, by nature (often. With the participation of humans), built in such a way as to inflict maximum damage on the enemy. Initially, they were also used in dog fights, but then, after this species was banned all over the world, such dogs began to be used exclusively for guard and protective purposes.
- Hypoallergenic. Dog breeds are non-allergenic, primarily due to the low content of certain substances that irritate the mucous membranes. But keep in mind the fact that allergies can be different, and if a person, for example, has asthma with an allergy to pet hair and down, then the hypoallergenicity of the dog will not matter to him. After all, the attack is caused by the coat itself, and the substances that the dog’s skin secretes are already a secondary factor. Therefore, if you have one or another allergy, it is better to consult an allergist before buying a four-legged friend.
- Decorative. As a rule, these are small dogs that have only one function. Be funny and cute companions to humans. Some of these breeds were previously used for hunting, but in the modern world, baiting with the help of such small dogs is extremely rare.
- For kids. This category includes those dogs that treat children well and can act as a kind of nanny. For example, all dog lovers know that the Labrador Retriever breed is ideal for families with small children. In fact, even a fighting dog can have a great love for children, a good example of this. Pit bull terrier.
- For guard. Usually, this includes those dogs that by nature have high loyalty and good fighting qualities. Such dogs may not be suitable for protecting the territory of a private house, but as for protection from an attack on the owner. Here they have no equal. Of course, if you want to get such a dog, it is better to provide him with appropriate training from a professional trainer.
- For an apartment. Basically, these dogs include breeds that, due to their physique and adaptive psyche, are suitable for keeping in an apartment. In fact, while most of these animals are small to medium in size, this is not always the deciding factor. There are large dogs that get along well in an ordinary city apartment. And, on the contrary, there are medium-sized dogs that prefer to be outside, and therefore, if they live in an apartment, they need long walks.
- Driving. Despite the fact that traveling on snow-covered plains on dogs is more and more a thing of the past, these animals are very popular. Primarily. Thanks to its spectacular appearance and developed intelligence. Perhaps the most famous are the Husky and Malamute breeds.
- Hunting. First of all, these are those dogs that have genetic propensities for hunting, so to speak, some kind of ancestral memory, as well. Certain physique. As an example, you can bring the Pointer breed. Lean, muscular, very hardy dogs with excellent hunting instincts. Another very famous breed. Greyhound, or greyhound.
- Watchdogs. This group includes those animals that, due to their constitution and mental characteristics, are ideal for the protection of private lands. Usually, these dogs are very territorial, fearless, large in size, great strength and distrustful of strangers. The most striking example of a guard dog. Alabai, or Central Asian Shepherd Dog.
Choose your dog correctly.
As you probably already understood, each of the breeds can simultaneously belong to several categories. For example, a fighting dog may be suitable for an apartment, and some decorative breed may well be hypoallergenic.
Choose a four-legged friend wisely, after weighing all the pros and cons. over, here you need to think not only about your own comfort and safety, but also about how the living conditions that you can offer to the animal suit it.
Your choice will determine not only your life for the next 10-15-20 years, but also the life of your four-legged friend, his health and well-being. Therefore, you should not make a choice based on momentary desires.
Toy fox terrier
A representative from America who, although not very popular, deserves attention. This little doggie is not averse to lying on the couch with his owner, going on a hike with him and taking part in joint games. Toy Terrier is very easy to train, especially if he hears praise for certain achievements and successes, is not conflicted and good-natured.
He finds a common language even with cats, and at the same time is rather fearless. With such pets, you can safely go to sports competitions. they show excellent results. Fox terriers are no higher than 25 cm at the withers, and their weight does not exceed 3.5 kg.
The birthplace of these small curly dogs is France. The unusual name of the breed is translated as “curly lapdog”. Outwardly, they resemble a soft toy with a snow-white fur coat. Bichons value attention, affection and a friendly attitude. And their curiosity and desire to learn make it easy to master even a circus program.
Suitable for people who are active, purposeful, loving to travel. such a pet will be happy to keep a company. At the withers, bichons reach 29 cm, and their weight varies from 2.5 to 5.5 kg.
Chihuahua is the smallest dog breed in the world. Their homeland is Mexico. These are truly tame pets that can literally be carried in a lady’s clutch or. but how can you leave this amazing tiny creature unattended, alone?
But their toy appearance is deceiving, Chihuahuas, in case of danger, can show their teeth and, without thinking about the size of the enemy, rush into the attack. But, in general, these are good-natured pets that are able to win over even non-dog lovers. Babies of this breed can be 15 cm tall, but some individuals reach 23 cm, the weight varies from 0.5 kg to 5.5 kg.
Perhaps one of the most common breeds. Many socialites appear with Yorkies at social events. Once they were used to control rodents, but today they are exclusively decorative pets. We can say about these dogs that they are very loyal, affectionate and positive. They feel great both in apartment conditions and in country houses.
It is very easy to train such a baby, especially if it is done in a playful way. Yorkies are devoid of aggression and get along well with other animals. Yorkshire Terriers weigh no more than 3.2 kg, and the height at the withers does not exceed 23 cm.
It will be interesting:
The smallest dog breeds in the world
Funny and serious, loud barking and silent, shy and very brave, fluffy and smooth-haired. different dogs, which have one thing in common. compact size. There are many small breeds of dogs, some act as pets, while others have working qualities. What little dogs are more popular, and how do they bribe their future owners? The most common breeds worth considering.
Beaver yorkshire terrier
Representatives of this young breed are abbreviated as Biewer-Yorkies. These are cute pets that are active, playful and mobile. Dogs are so balanced that they calmly endure any hygiene procedures. They can be trained using the game form.
Beaver Yorkies are big fashionistas and it is not surprising, because they have a long, silky coat that allows you to do different hairstyles. Wool also requires special care, which is better for future owners to learn in advance. The height of the dogs is 24-27 cm, they weigh up to 3.5 kg.
Japanese pygmy spitz
This miniature dog with a harmonious appearance and a funny face touches. But in his genes there is a protective instinct, and such a pet is very wary, and often aggressive towards strangers.
Like all Spitz, this kid is well trained and even capable of showing excellent results in competitions. The growth of the Japanese Spitz can reach 39 cm, while the weight varies from 4.5 to 10 kg.
Russian Toy Terrier
The breed is relatively new, its appearance is associated with the fashion for dwarf dogs. And until now, ladies have a weakness for these cute graceful dogs with thin legs. compact and good-natured. Toy Terrier will keep company on any journey, do not require complex care and a lot of space.
Despite their modest size, these are brave dogs that will definitely rush to protect their master. But at the same time they are quite agreeable, obedient and not conflicting. An important aspect is compulsory communication with your pet. Toy terriers weigh up to 3 kg, and the height at the withers reaches 25 cm.
Petit Brabancon (Brabant Griffon)
Excellent companion dogs from Belgium with a very expressive face. The owner only needs to look at the pet once to understand what mood he is in.
Representatives of this breed are very good-natured, playful and find a common language with almost everyone, including other pets. The dog is very fond of affection, amenable to training and, with the right approach, can perform even complex tricks. The growth of such babies is a maximum of 22 cm, weight. 4.5-6 kg.
These contenders for the title of the smallest dog breed bred in Germany. Outwardly, they resemble a toy teddy bear.
Fluffy oranges weigh only 1.5-3.2 kg and are 15-27 cm tall. Miniature animals need regular grooming and are well adapted to urban life.
Small shaggy Spitz tolerates cold well, but does not like heat. They are endowed with high intelligence and loving, playful and cheerful disposition.
Despite their toy appearance and small size, Pomeranians love long walks, but if necessary, they can do without them.
A Pomeranian puppy costs 15,000–70,000 rubles.
This breed appeared in France in the XIII century. In the 15th-16th centuries, small dogs with snow-white curly hair enjoyed special privileges among Spanish, Italian and French aristocrats.
Snow-white crumbs are endowed with a friendly and playful disposition. To make the dog look like a white marshmallow, you need to take care of it: wash and comb it regularly. It is not very difficult as the silky coat is not prone to tangling and it is not necessary to brush it every day.
The smallest curly-haired dogs are very smart and clean. They are easily litter-trained and do not like long walks.
The height of an adult dog reaches 22-30 cm, and the weight is 5-10 kg.
You can buy a small Bichon Frize for 30,000-85,000 thousand rubles.
The homeland of these small dogs is Tibet. At first, miniature Shih Tzu lived exclusively in imperial families. In Europe, the crumbs were only in the XX century.
Long-haired beauties quickly gained popularity and regularly hit the top of the smallest breeds. Are predominantly of a combined coat color.
A small Shih Tzu grows up to 20-28 cm, weighs about 4-7 kg. The tiny dog was loved not only for its beautiful appearance, but also for its intelligent, friendly, affectionate character.
Shih Tzu are very human-centered and easy to learn.
You can buy a small puppy of this breed for 20,000-50,000 rubles.
Mexico is considered the birthplace of these small dogs. Presumably, miniature dogs lived in the wild and, after domestication, played an important role in the development of other dwarf breeds.
Chihuahuas have every right to be called the smallest dogs. The weight of miniature dogs does not exceed 3 kg, and their height is 15-23 cm.
Curious and sociable creatures need careful care and are not suitable for families with small children. Despite their diminutive size, most chihuas are aggressive towards strangers and have the habits of real watchdogs.
The cost of a pedigree small puppy is 13,000-70,000 rubles.
The smallest dog in the world
The Chihuahua named Milli became the record holder among miniature dogs. The crumb weighs only 170 g with a height of 6.53 cm.
Thanks to such parameters, she got on the pages of the Guinness Book of Records.
The smallest Chihuahua lives with a married couple in Puerto Rico.
Russian Toy Terrier
These cute little dogs are bred and are the smallest among Russian breeds. They are short-haired and long-haired.
The weight of miniature toys is 1.5-3 kg, and their height is 17-35 cm. Despite their tiny size, dogs of this breed are endowed with all the qualities that are characteristic of terriers.
Little dogs are independent, confident, playful and energetic. The appearance and character of the Russian Toy are obliged to domestic breeders, and their closest relative is the pygmy terrier.
The average cost of a puppy is 10,000-30,000 rubles.
Top 10 smallest dogs in the world
Miniature dogs adapt perfectly to life in small-sized city apartments and can accompany their owners everywhere in a lightweight carry bag. Therefore, they are gaining more and more popularity, overshadowing their large brothers.
Find out which breeds made the list of the 10 smallest dogs in the world.
- The smallest dog in the world
- Russian Toy Terrier
- Brussels griffon
- Yorkshire Terrier
- Shih tzu
- Japanese Chin
- Bichon Frize
A beautiful miniature breed appeared in the UK. Small dogs appeared as a result of crossing several small varieties of terriers and were named after the English county of Yorkshire.
Decorative dogs with expressive dark eyes and long silky hair quickly won the love of glamorous young ladies and single ladies. These contenders for the title of the smallest dog almost do not shed.
They are endowed with an alert, inquisitive character, high intelligence and a good memory.
A miniature and very popular dog grows up to 18-25 cm and weighs only 1.8-3.2 kg. Small and fragile York is not suitable for families with preschool children.
A seemingly harmless dog can be irritable, even aggressive.
The cost of a puppy of this small breed is on average 10,000-30,000 rubles.
Papillons have been known since the 16th century. The name of the tiny breed in French means “butterfly”, which is quite consistent with the appearance of the dogs. They have relatively large ears, which are covered with long hair and resemble the wings of this insect.
The fluffy fur coat of the papillon is painted in snow-white color with black or red markings. The wool of the crumbs needs frequent combing and regular washing.
These representatives of the list of the smallest dog breeds grow up to 20-28 cm and weigh 3.6-4.5 kg.
Papillons are endowed with an energetic, cheerful disposition. They do not tolerate loneliness and dislike strangers.
The price of a small papillon is 12,000-80,000 rubles.