How much food to give a dog per day?
The right amount of food is determined empirically for each dog, but there are general recommendations. If you are feeding food, the pack will always tell you what portion should be, depending on the size of the dog. This is important because food is a balanced set of elements that your dog needs.
If the dog is very active, the recommended portion can be slightly increased. If the dog is very, very lazy, on the contrary, reduce it. The main thing is that the weight of the dog remains constant. In hot weather, the portion can be reduced, because dogs are usually lethargic, and they do not need an extra load. In winter, the dog needs more energy and nutrients.
How to calculate the amount of natural food?
- Puppies up to 6 months. 6% of the dog’s weight
- Dogs from 6 months. 3-4% of the dog’s weight
That is, if you have a two-year-old Jack Russell weighing 8 kg, he should have 250-300 grams of food. But since this breed is known for its hyperactivity, the portion can be increased.
How to tell if your dog is full?
The dog itself will never say this. She won’t understand. Dogs have little to no satiety and will eat like pigeons on the street. until the food runs out.
You can navigate like this. It’s okay if the dog asks for a supplement after eating, but you shouldn’t give the dog as much as he wants. If the dog looked at you offended and went to bed, then everything is in order. If the dog goes to the kitchen all day to rattle the bowl, this is completely different. Either the dog really doesn’t finish eating, and you need to increase the portion, or it’s time to go to the vet.
Why you shouldn’t give bones to a dog?
Many dogs eat bones, but that doesn’t make them any less dangerous. The dog gnaws a bone into thousands, thousands of small sharp fragments! They all end up in the stomach. Something is digested, the rest is compressed and goes through the intestines, turning into a huge prickly hedgehog, with the sharpest fragments sticking out in all directions. This is the main danger. A rare dog spits out fragments when it gnaws at something, usually everything is swallowed with passion. If you are not prepared to keep an eye on every piece of gnawed bone, it is best not to give dogs bones at all.
How many times a day to feed the dog?
Puppies eat constantly and as much as they want. This is probably why, even when they grow up, they require the same regularity of feeding. But you can’t give in to persuasion and sweet eyes. The older the dog is, the less often it needs to be fed:
- 2 months. 3-4 times a day
- 3-6 months. 3 times a day
- 6-12 months. 2 times a day
- From a year. 1-2 times a day
You can feed your average dog twice a day in equal portions. If there are no problems with weight and activity, everything is fine.
What should be in a dog’s diet?
If you are feeding food, then nothing else is needed. Natural food should contain about 40-50% meat, 30% fermented milk products and the rest. fiber. For example, it can be cottage cheese and kefir with bran in the morning and meat in the evening. Treat with vegetables and fruits periodically.
How to feed your dog
Many people are interested in whether it is possible to feed the dog with cheese. Yes, but you need to make sure that the fat content of fermented milk products does not exceed 9%. Such cheese is well absorbed and digested by the animal’s body.
We should also say a few words about cottage cheese. If its fat content is more than 2%, then in some animals this can provoke mild diarrhea.
Also, loose stools can be associated with the addition of a certain brand of kefir to the diet, to which a particular dog may have an individual allergy. Therefore, you should carefully choose this fermented milk product. Best of all, if the fat content of kefir was 3.5%. When buying curdled milk, you should choose “sour milk” with a short shelf life.
Fermented baked milk and yoghurts with sweet fruits are highly discouraged to give to four-legged pets.
Eggs and butter
These products can also be safely included in the diet of a pet. Raw eggs can be given to dogs, chicken or quail. Also, pet owners often ask themselves the question, the dog is a month old, what to feed? In this case, it will be very helpful to add raw eggs to milk and feed the puppy several times a week. They contain protein, which is so necessary for a young animal.
If we talk about oil, then it is possible to introduce into the diet both unrefined and sunflower, pumpkin, linseed or olive products. It is better to refuse exoticism too.
It is recommended to add vegetable oil only to food that already contains similar components.
These foods also belong to the category of what you can feed your dog. Four-legged pets can be fed carrots, bell peppers, pumpkins, zucchini, cabbage, beets, and cucumbers. Greens will also be useful.
It is recommended that you give your dog one garlic clove every 7 days. It contains the necessary components that have a positive effect on the immunity of the animal. It is not for nothing that it is called a “natural antibiotic”. It is also useful to feed your dog a couple of tablespoons of sauerkraut 2-3 times a week. It contains a large amount of ascorbic acid.
Also, in the recommendations of experts on how to properly feed dogs, it is said that vegetables and greens can be given to animals only raw. In this case, it is recommended to grate the ingredients on a coarse grater.
In the summer, many owners take their pets to the dacha, where the animals independently find edible greens and feast on them. In this case, it makes no sense to add additional vegetables to the pet’s diet. In nutrition, you always need to know when to stop.
It should also be borne in mind that greens and vegetables can be given separately or together with meat. Any other combination is prohibited. If you mix fermented milk products with natural herbs, it can cause indigestion.
It is also worth noting that four-legged friends love to feast on fresh vegetables or unsweetened fruits. They contain natural fiber.
But it is not recommended to give exotic fruits and vegetables to pets.
How many times a day to feed a dog, after its appearance in a new house?
Small puppies between the ages of 1 and 2 months should be fed at least 5 times a day, every 3 hours. At night, the dog needs to be trained to sleep, so at night it is better not to fill the bowl with food. The serving size should be increased as the animals gain body weight. At the same time, the number of feedings is gradually reduced. When the pet is 4 months old, it should eat no more than 4 times a day. At the age of 6-7 months, the puppy receives food 2-3 times a day. When the pet turns 12 months old, it will be considered an adult, so it needs to be transferred to two meals a day with an increase in portions.
When you shouldn’t feed your dog natural food?
Any food, even the most wholesome, should be limited. For example, in order for the meat to be assimilated by the body normally, a lot of efforts are required from the gastrointestinal tract. If given constantly, it will lead to increased stress. In turn, dry food is digested and absorbed very quickly. On the production mowing line, it undergoes rather thorough processing, therefore, by and large, it can be considered already partially digested.
Also, natural food should be abandoned if the animal suffers from serious gastrointestinal diseases. In this case, the body will not be able to fully cope with heavy nutrition. If you feed your pets with natural products, then the permeability of the stomach will worsen, which can lead to more serious consequences.
They are also source of fiber, so these ingredients can be given as a substitute for or with vegetables.
Bran contains a large amount of dietary fiber, which has a positive effect on peristalsis. In addition, fiber helps to improve the microflora of the intestinal tract.
If we talk about how to properly feed dogs with bran, then it is recommended to add them to fermented milk food or meat. However, the first option is preferable, since it is in milk that these components quickly swell. Once in the animal’s body, the bran retains moisture and passes further along the intestinal tract.
However, you need to buy bran in their original form. If you buy crispy sticks or other treats that contain these ingredients, they will most likely also contain salt, colors and flavors.
Dogs love to play with them so much, and many owners begin to worry about whether to give pets such delicacies. In fact, bones contain huge amounts of calcium and phosphorus. These components are necessary in order for dogs to form full-fledged dental appliances. In addition, bones are recommended for pets suffering from gastrointestinal diseases.
How Long Does it Take a Dog to Digest Food
For larger dogs, it is recommended to give the ends of the bones. Smaller breeds are characterized by a miniature organism, therefore spongy chicken bones are suitable for them. It is important to take into account that the delicacy cannot be cooked. Bones are given to dogs exclusively raw. A boiled delicacy is much less digestible by the stomach. In addition, such bones can cause obstruction of the gastrointestinal tract.
What and how is allergy manifested in dogs?
Studies have identified the ingredients that most often cause allergies in dogs: beef, chicken, dairy products, wheat, corn, fish, soy, etc. However, immune diseases are so individual that this list should only be considered as indicative.
Another characteristic difference of food allergy is that its symptoms are usually not associated with indigestion, but with itching and redness of the skin. In dogs, itching occurs most often on the face, paws, ears, groin, and armpits. Constant brushing leads to hair loss in these areas, as well as secondary yeast and bacterial infections.
The hardest part of treating a food allergy is identifying the allergen. Immunological tests currently offered in veterinary laboratories are far from always effective, therefore the only correct and at the same time long way is to select an individual diet.
This condition is often confused with food allergy, which is of a completely different nature. Food intolerance is an undesirable reaction of the gastrointestinal tract to feed components associated with impaired digestion, assimilation of its ingredients and has nothing to do with immunity. For example, a dog is constantly weakened due to a lack of enzymes or due to the presence of dyes, preservatives and other chemicals in food.
The problem is solved simply
Treating dogs with stomach problems of this kind is the least complicated. To cope with the problem, it is often enough to change the feed to a diet of a higher quality, which does not contain not only harmful, but also poorly digestible components. For example, cereals are very poorly digested in carnivores, because they practically do not have the necessary enzymes for this.
A dog eating food with a lot of grain is guaranteed digestive upset. So look for foods that are meat-based and use rice as source of carbohydrates, which some veterinarians say is best for dogs.
When choosing food for a dog with food intolerances, you should also pay attention to the lines with easily digestible types of protein, which are considered to be turkey and lamb, as well as include probiotics in the diet that promote the digestion and absorption of food. Now there are feeds on the market that contain not only dietary types of protein, but also live probiotics. this is very convenient, because you do not need to buy the drug separately.
Dog nutrition and indigestion
Recently, the term “sensitive digestion in dogs” can be heard very often, but not all owners can explain exactly what it means. Digestive sensitivity refers to food intolerances, allergies, and regular indigestion in dogs. Not knowing what to do, many avoid treatment of dogs with problems, while they begin to urgently change the food, believing it to be the only cause of the painful condition.
However, in order to solve the problem and really help the pet, you need to figure it out, and not try to eliminate the symptoms of stomach disease in dogs, acting at random.
Take your time with a new diet
It so happens that digestive upset is due to the fact that the change of feed was carried out too abruptly. The owner sins on a new food and returns to the old one, thereby not only not solving, but aggravating the pet’s problem. Therefore, it is very important to transfer the dog to another diet gradually, mixing the new food with the old one for at least five days.
If, despite your best efforts, your dog’s stomach upset continues, you should see a doctor. He will understand the problem and prescribe special medications, for example, enzyme.
Some dog owners think in the same way, not suspecting that gastrointestinal disorders can be a sign of infectious diseases (intestinal plague, parvovirus enteritis, viral hepatitis, leptospirosis), as well as pathologies of the liver, kidneys, pancreas and even the heart.
Upset stomach as a symptom
Common signs of digestive upset in dogs are lack of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, flatulence, and general weakness, but the causes of this condition can vary. About 20 years ago, there was a very popular humoresque about a doctor who, regardless of the symptoms they described to him, said to all his patients: “You ate something!”.
Acute diarrhea and painful, non-stop vomiting are characterized by toxic infections, that is, poisoning. In this case, there is a risk not only for the health, but also for the life of the dog, therefore it is very important to immediately consult a doctor, not hoping that it will pass by itself. In the clinic, the animal will begin to remove intoxication with the help of droppers, and it is by no means worth abandoning this time-consuming and rather expensive procedure, as some owners do.
Prolonged intoxication is dangerous, as it disrupts the work of all organs and systems of the body. A miser pays twice, and you still have to pay for long-term treatment of diseases of the liver, kidneys and pancreas.
So, if a digestive disorder is associated with infectious diseases or poisoning with poison, then the only way to cope with it is treatment as prescribed by a doctor, and there is no need to experiment with changing feed.
Principles of Good Dog Feeding
When you bring your puppy home, the best is. feed him with the food he received from the breeder. If for some reason you are not satisfied with such a regime and such food, you can change it. But you need to do this gradually.
It is important to follow some rules in feeding your dog. First, remember that the dog is. still a carnivore. Even the smallest orange should receive meat first. Dog. not a cow or a pig. Do not feed her with kefir with cabbage and potato soups. Despite the fact that over the millennia of coexistence with humans, dogs have become omnivores, and can eat almost any human food, there is no need to give them sausage, biscuits, chips and Coca-Cola. The benefits of such food. zero, and it can do a lot of harm. You can not feed the dog with bird bones, sharp fragments of beef bones. Do not give boiled bones. they are not digested, but only clog the stomach.
Meat products should form a significant part of the diet. The dog should receive per day the amount of meat at the rate of 20-25 g per kilogram of weight. If by-products are used, they require about a third more. Traditionally, the most suitable for feeding dogs are beef and poultry. For a long time it was believed that lamb and pork were forbidden dog foods. Recently, however, doubts have arisen about this postulate. The fact is that the ban on these species was based on the fact that meat and especially by-products of these particular domestic animals are source of infection of dogs with extremely dangerous helminths. Modern methods of industrial production of pork and lamb have made them practically safe. It must be remembered that the exemption applies to meat produced only in an industrial way. If you are unsure of the source. don’t risk it.
In any case, you should not feed the dog with offal and especially fatty meat of sheep and pigs.
Fish is also a good food. The most suitable is sea fish. Better to give it slightly boiled, boneless. Saltwater fish can be fed raw. River fish for feeding dogs is used only in a well-cooked form due to the possibility of infection with helminths. In addition, the bones of river fish can cause very serious injuries. Although helminths are found in sea fish, they cannot live in the body of terrestrial vertebrates, which include dogs and you and me. From sea fish, the most suitable are pollock, hake, ice fish, navaga. Capelin, mackerel, horse mackerel, herring (not salted). very fatty fish and is not quite suitable for systematic feeding of our domestic dogs. Although northern dogs eat this fish, it must be borne in mind that their metabolism and energy consumption differ significantly from these processes in domestic dogs. It is known that pollock and a number of other fish contain an enzyme that destroys some vitamins, and therefore, this fish is supposedly unsuitable for food for dogs. This is true, but vitamin deficiency threatens a dog only if it eats one pollock and consumes it exclusively in its raw form.
Cereals are suitable as carbohydrate foods for dogs. rice and buckwheat. You can give a loaf. not rich and not sour. The most suitable loaf with bran. You don’t need to feed your dogs pasta, semolina and oatmeal. Oats. unsuitable food for dogs. Dry unleavened biscuits are the only acceptable flour confectionery products. Dogs have an interesting feature. If carbohydrate feed is excluded from the diet. there are practically no digestive enzymes in saliva. But once you start regularly feeding your dog porridge and a loaf. cells of the salivary glands begin to actively secrete amylolytic enzymes that break down carbohydrates. The amount of saliva a dog produces depends on the type of food. If the feed is dry. saliva is produced a lot if wet. few.
For dogs of all ages, especially puppies, pregnant and lactating bitches, it is beneficial to give dairy products. cottage cheese, kefir, fermented baked milk, cheese. It is only important that the fat in them is low. I am often asked if it is okay to give milk to dogs. The answer to the question will be given by the dog itself. If she drinks milk with pleasure and after that does not growl in her stomach, and her pants remain clean after a walk. you can safely pour milk into her bowl from time to time.
People often transfer their habits and ideas about proper nutrition to feeding their pets. The most common misconception. feeding your dogs lots of vegetables. over, many are trying to diversify this part of the diet, including carrots, cabbage, zucchini, pumpkin, etc. in dog food. People draw a direct analogy with themselves in feeding dogs, and try to provide a pet with a variety of vitamins that are found in vegetables. Owners especially love to feed their pets with grated carrot salad with vegetable oil. Nutritionists quite rightly suggested to us that carotene, which is contained in carrots, can be converted into vitamin A and absorbed by the human body only after dissolving it in oil. The body of dogs, unlike ours with you, is not able to synthesize vitamin A from carotene either with vegetable oil or without it! Carnivores can only get vitamin A from animal products. milk, eggs, liver, etc. The same applies to almost all other vitamins. Dogs do not need to get vitamin C from their food at all. it is produced in their liver, so dogs never get scurvy.
Vegetables in canine nutrition can generally only be considered a ballast food, source of fiber that contributes to normal bowel function. By itself, fiber, which is rich in vegetables, is not digested by the digestive system of dogs, as well as starch and many other polysaccharides. Such products can be recognized as important in nutrition if it is necessary to reduce the calorie content of the diet (to reduce weight, reduce lactation, leaving the usual amount of food.
However, if you enjoy cooking a variety of vegetable dishes for your dog. feel free to experiment. Just remember to add enough meat to your vegetable stew.
Nevertheless, domestic dogs need not only healthy, but also tasty food. That is why our pets are happy to eat vegetables, fruits and berries themselves. Once showing the dog how in the garden you can find and eat strawberries (raspberries, gooseberries), the owner then reproaches himself for negligence for a long time. The little Spitz turns out to be the most agile of all and manages to harvest while you are just planning to do it. It is very funny to watch how a dog picks gooseberries from a thorny bush. Taking the berry with incisors, wrinkling her lips, she pulls the prickly branch carefully, trying not to prick herself until she tears off the sweet fruit. It’s amazing how well dogs spot ripe strawberries and how quickly they find them. Wild relatives of dogs, for example, jackals, have a similar ability. On melons, they choose ripe watermelons, gnaw them, and then eat out the sweetest middle. Sometimes the damage from such jackal raids is very great. Many dogs enjoy eating sweet fruits. pears, bananas and a variety of vegetables, nuts. They eat both onions and garlic.
There is an opinion that it is useful to give garlic as a prophylactic anthelmintic. Garlic does have this ability, but it only acts on roundworms, which most of them are infected with puppies and young dogs. In adult dogs, there are other types of worms, on which the essential oils of garlic have practically no effect. But if your Spitz has a predisposition to stomach diseases, onions and garlic can play a far from positive role. It is better to give patented deworming agents from time to time, and refuse bulbous ones.
Some owners are enthusiastic about how their dog eats a whole raw egg, along with the shells. It’s really funny, but that’s all. The shell as source of calcium is doubtful, but it can easily injure the esophagus. The raw protein of chicken eggs is poorly digested in dogs. Yolk. great food in any form. both raw and boiled. Egg powder can also be a good dietary supplement. If you want to add eggs to your dog’s diet (which is really useful), it is better to give them peeled, boiled.
Vegetable oil is very useful and practically necessary, preferably unrefined. The oil should be added to the feed daily. The main thing here is not to overdo it, and not to provoke an upset stomach in the dog.
Eggs, vegetable and butter, beef liver and tripe, in addition to nutritional value, contain a large amount of vitamins, which are perfectly absorbed by the dog’s body, improve the condition of the coat (and this is very important for a Spitz). Just do not think that the more of these products you give the dog, the longer and thicker his coat will grow. The quality of wool depends not only on nutrition, but also on many other factors. And the indefatigable feeding of the dog with these products is not only expensive for the wallet, but can also contribute to indigestion.
Finally, about commercial feed. On this occasion, domestic dog breeders and veterinarians speak differently: from a complete rejection of canned food and the rise of traditional domestic ones to a complete denial of natural.
The fact remains. tens of generations of dogs in many foreign kennels are kept exclusively on canned food. Since these products appeared in our country, many breeders and owners have been feeding them to their dogs. At the same time, hundreds of generations of dogs that have survived to this day have never seen such food. Naturally, the use of ready-made food reduces the time spent on purchasing and preparing food for dogs several times. This is extremely important for nurseries with a large population. However, there are numerous facts of individual food intolerance to dogs. Sometimes posthumous autopsies show that a seemingly healthy dog that has eaten such, even high-quality food for many years has quite serious lesions of the digestive organs.
Unfortunately, we have to admit that many of the relatively cheap feeds do not meet the requirements of dietetics. The manufacturer does not report that such food cannot be fed to the dog for a long time without additional feeding. Proteins of plant origin are often used in the production of feed. They are not complete for feeding dogs. Some dogs are allergic to soy foods. Many low-calorie foods that relieve food allergies cannot be used for long periods of time without compromising the dog’s health.
Another recommendation that feed manufacturers give, which is difficult to agree with. do not mix commercial feeds with natural feeds or generally as an extreme. do not change feed during life. Such unreasonable demands cannot be explained by anything other than a purely commercial motive. For thousands of years of life next to humans, a dog has adapted to a variety of types of food. And there is no need to talk about the balance of the diets that she traditionally ate. The body of each animal is unique. Digestibility and digestibility, and therefore the need for nutrients, is individual for each animal. Energy costs also vary considerably. Therefore, from a physiological point of view, there is nothing to worry about if your dog receives different food. Maybe, really, you shouldn’t mix porridge with dry food in one feeding. But in my opinion, it is quite possible to alternate feeding with commercial feeds with natural ones, and there is nothing wrong with that. The main thing is that the food is good quality and the dog feels good. The well-being and health of the dog in this case should be the main criteria.
Do not think that dry croquettes consist entirely of meat, and by filling them in porridge, you can provide your dog with quite decent food. This is a misconception: the necessary amount of carbohydrates (specially processed cereals) has already been added to croquettes, and diluting them with porridge, you greatly reduce the nutritional value of the feed. This is really not worth doing. The taste of croquettes can be significantly improved by mixing them with canned food (preferably from the same manufacturer), but this immediately increases the cost of feed. Porridge can be mixed with freeze-dried meat. but this is also an expensive pleasure. Some manufacturers produce canned food, in which you can add a cereal component. In this case, banks have written appropriate recommendations.
If you have to change feed from different commercial brands. this should be done gradually. Any change of feed, or the introduction of something new into the usual diet, should be carried out within several days. The dog’s digestive system does not immediately adapt to a new type of food.
If the dog is fed moistened dry food, he drinks less water. But in this case, dry croquettes do not fulfill one of their purposes. Hard “crunches” force the dog to work with the jaws, massage the gums, improve the blood supply to the teeth and prevent to some extent the formation and accumulation of tartar, which is very important for Spitz.
Don’t buy cheap feed. Treatment can be much more expensive afterwards. When choosing a feed, do not be guided by its appearance. Sometimes, to make the food more attractive to pet owners, different ingredients are colored differently. Don’t be naive and don’t buy into pretty things. One color. one dye, and not always harmless. Why would you feed your dog another ballast? The dog doesn’t care what color this or that croquet.
Choose a brand of food according to the manufacturer’s recommendations and your dog’s tastes and needs, and buy a small amount of food first. If during the first days the dog does not have an upset stomach, he is happy to eat the proposed food, continue to feed it to the dog for a month. And if your pet is in good condition, you can safely continue this practice. If you do not like something, try changing feed, or revert to the previous feeding option.
Pay attention to the amount of excrement. If the frequency of bowel movements during one walk increases, as well as the amount of waste, it is probably not worth using such food. This can be a confirmation that the food is high in fiber. If your Spitz gets his pants dirty on a regular basis. it is also a sign of unsuitableness of the given feed.
If you are feeding your dog dry food, remember to put in a bowl of water. Do not leave food bags where your dog can reach. This is especially dangerous for gluttonous dogs. They can eat a very large amount of dry croquettes, which, swollen in the stomach, can lead to sad consequences.
Canned food. usually very good food. Dogs eat it with great pleasure. However, buying a large jar is cheap. do not flatter yourself. Often, the cost of a product is directly correlated with its nutritional value. To get the nutrients it needs, your dog will need to eat one and a half cans of cheap food, or half a can of expensive food. And soon your dog will ask for an increase in the portion, which again will directly respond to the wallet. As a result, the cost of such “cheap” is higher than the cost of the best quality feed.
The amount of food, the frequency of feeding are determined only empirically.
While the puppy is with the mother, he eats as many times as he wakes up. Later. as much as the breeder will give him. Schemes recommending a certain number of feeds for a puppy depending on its age may not always be followed. Watch the Puppy carefully. his behavior will tell you how many times to feed him. After weaning it from its mother at 1.5-2 months of age, it is usually fed 4-5 times. A month later, the Puppy begins to be capricious, malnourished or refuses to eat at the right time. Agree with his requirements, and a three-month-old puppy can be fed four times. But if he refuses to feed four times. it is better to reduce the amount of feed given at one time, rather than the number of feedings. A small puppy has a small stomach, it cannot, and should not, eat a large amount of food at a time. It is necessary that he receives food often and little by little. Only in this case it will be well absorbed and the baby will not have digestive problems.
Dog Stomach vs Human stomach
Up to six to seven months, it is advisable to feed him three times a day. You can determine if it’s time to cut back on feeds based on your puppy’s appetite. If he is very hungry for the next feeding, and before meals, he runs from time to time to the feeding place and sniffs the bowl. do not torture your dog and feed him more often. And if, on the contrary, in the next feeding, he lazily and thoughtfully approaches the bowl and chooses the tastier pieces. you can reduce the number of feedings. The same can be said about the amount of feed per feeding. A puppy, and subsequently an adult dog, should eat from a bowl, without stopping, without running back and forth, without choosing the best pieces. And after eating a portion, after a minute or two, forget about the bowl and go about your own business. If the dog does not leave the bowl, it licks it for a long time and walks in circles. increase the portion.
Another feature of dog feeding. They are quite conservative in their food. If your puppy is fed diet food and is not taught to chew and chew on pieces, he may not be able to do this as an adult. Quite often this applies to dwarf and small Spitz. The same situation can arise with taste preferences. A small puppy can be taught to eat almost anything. But in the “adolescence” age (about 5-6 months for dwarf and small Spitz, and 7-9 for larger ones), the puppy begins to “realize” itself as a carnivore and begins to refuse food, which, in his opinion, does not correspond to his status This applies to vegetables, cottage cheese, dairy products. Sometimes the dog starts to turn up its nose from fish and eggs. If you take some indulgence and satisfy the pet’s whims, at an older age it will be very difficult, and sometimes impossible, to force him to eat such food. Therefore, it is important not to take long breaks in feeding the dog with this or that type of food. “Omnivorous” is an urgent need in case of need to feed the dog diet food. after illness, surgery. Force-feeding during illness with any unusual type of food can cause additional stress in the dog and increase the painful condition. The same goes for dry food. The ability to eat it can do a very good job in case of lack of time, lack of a refrigerator (in the country) and similar situations.
The amount of food a dog needs depends on a number of factors. It is quite understandable that a growing dog requires more food than an adult. A dog kept outdoors during the winter should be fed more nutritious food. In winter, the need for the amount of food usually increases, even in apartment dogs. It decreases in summer, and in extreme heat, many dogs refuse food altogether. Dogs that move a lot also need extra feeding. Breeder males, pregnant and lactating bitches should receive feed with increased m of proteins and vitamins. During molting, Spitz need additional feeding. Food during this period should contain a sufficient amount of vitamins, microelements for the formation of a good coat. Therefore, the composition of the food does not remain constant even for the same dog.
Naturally, this all applies only to clinically healthy dogs. Sick animals should be fed more frequently. After acute gastric diseases, the principle is generally very relevant, often and little by little. A convalescent hungry dog may greedily pounce on food and eat a very large amount of food. However, the overstretched stomach will be “outraged” by such a load and may well return everything back.
Generally vomiting after heavy meals in dogs. the phenomenon is completely normal. But only if it happened 20-30 minutes after the overeating and happened once. Many bitches, feeding puppies, gladly share with the babies recently eaten food. Puppies eat it with great pleasure. If the bitch is healthy and the food is of good quality. do not prevent her from fulfilling the maternal duties prescribed by nature itself, but the puppies. get acquainted with “adult” food.
The dog’s fatness can be determined by pressing the side of the hand to the chest. If you feel a thin layer of fat between the ribs and the hand, in addition to the skin and coat. dog in normal condition. If the fat layer has reached a centimeter. put your dog on a vegetable diet. And when, in addition to a thin skin and a thin layer of wool between the ribs and the hand, there is no fat. increase your dog’s food portion. If this does not help within a week. see a doctor.
If the dog refuses to eat. no need to force-feed her. As a rule, this rarely leads to success. Better see your veterinarian. A dog’s refusal of the tastiest food means that it does not feel well.
An important rule that must always be followed. feed the dog only after the walk! The dog should go for an active walk no earlier than two hours after eating.
On the question of food additives. Even the most seemingly harmless of them can cause allergic manifestations. Do not give your dog these kinds of food without talking to a knowledgeable veterinarian.
Traditionally, brewer’s yeast is used for feeding dogs, which is rich in vitamins, especially of group B, and helps to improve coat growth. To enhance pigmentation, dry seaweed is added to the food of dogs, less often in canned form. It is believed to be best suited for red and brown dogs for developing a richer color. On the contrary, wolf-colored Spitz, in which yellowish shades are not welcome, should not be given such a feeding. Recently appeared “Spirulina” has a beneficial effect on metabolism, increases the immune status of the body and is very useful during shedding for the formation of hair. “Real”, “SGOL”, “Tsamax”. preparations of mineral or biological origin. can also be useful at one time or another in the life of an animal. Sometimes the use of such drugs helps to get rid of the dog’s bad habit of picking up food waste. To improve coat growth, which is one of the most pressing problems of Spitz owners, very good results are obtained by dressing made from pollen mixed with butter. But watch out: pollen. the strongest allergen, and not all dogs are suitable.
Herbal preparations. dry raspberry and nettle leaves. may be useful for bitches during gestation and lactation.
Additional mineral supplementation for Spitz is not as essential as for large breed dogs. If a dog eats a variety of good quality foods or balanced commercial foods, it will usually have enough minerals in those foods. Conversely, excess calcium can disrupt mineral metabolism. Difficulty changing teeth may arise. milk teeth will firmly hold their positions, preventing permanent teeth from growing normally.
The needs of each dog are very individual, and therefore, in some cases, mineral feeding is necessary. Watch your pet closely. If the growing puppy licks the floor or tiles in the bathroom, it tries to chew on the walls. this is a direct sign that the body needs additional intake of minerals. If this is the case, check with the breeder and veterinarian to determine what kind of feeding is preferable to give. Increase the amount of cottage cheese and dairy products in your puppy’s food.
Sometimes similar problems arise with older dogs. They can also change mineral metabolism and increase the need for minerals. In such cases, it is also necessary to additionally give special feeding, or to adjust the diet by increasing the amount of foods with increased minerals in it.
Chapter from Victoria Krutova’s book “Spitz”.
Examples of diets for puppies of different breeds
Puppies of different dog breeds also differ in weight and size. In addition, they grow and develop in different ways. For some, a small portion of food is enough, while others will need several times more.
Puppies of small breeds (for example, Yorkies) are characterized by an accelerated metabolism, so they mature quite quickly. Closer to the year, they can be easily converted to feed for adults. Approximate calculations are described in the table.
|Adult dog weight (kg)||2-3||4-6||7-9||10-13||14-16||17-19||20-22||23-25|
|Puppy age (months)|
Large dogs (Bulldogs, German Shepherds, Rottweilers and the like) have a slow metabolism, so they mature later than toddlers. Despite the fact that the dog looks like an adult, all organs and skeleton continue to develop in him, so he needs enough useful and nutrients. Veterinarians often recommend feeding large dogs puppy food until they are 2 years old. An approximate calculation is described in the table below.
|Adult dog weight (kg)||26-29||30-33||34-37||38-44||45-54||55-64||65-74||than 75|
|Puppy age (months)|
This is just a rough guide. The owner should monitor his pet and, if necessary, slightly reduce or increase the portion.
It is important that the dog always has clean water near dry food.
How much dry food to give a dog per day: table
Dog food is produced by different companies. The wide variety makes you think about which food is best for your pet. It is also important to take into account the weight of the animal, its physical form, activity and many other features. Dry food is very popular with many dog owners, but they all have a different composition, which means they require a different dosage.
Recommended Feeding Rates
The daily feed rate for dogs is calculated based on several factors:
- pet weight;
- tendency to gain excess weight.
These indicators are the most important when composing a dog’s diet.
Important! You need to understand that large dogs, such as a husky or a labrador, will need more food than a spitz.
However, it is worth considering some more points:
- the presence of pregnancy;
- growth rate (differs in different breeds);
- the presence of diseases or the duration of the recovery period;
- living conditions (animals living on the street require more nutrients, especially in winter).
Note! You can also consult your veterinarian when composing your diet.
In general, the average daily rate of dry food for adult animals, depending on weight and physical activity, can range from 200 to 900 g per day. In this case, you need to feed the dog 2 times a day.
Do not exceed the amount of dry food to avoid overeating
For service dogs, athletes, it may be necessary to increase the portion by ⅓ of the total dosage; for pregnant bitches, the amount of feed is increased by a quarter. Older dogs, on the other hand, should reduce the portion by ⅓.
Puppies are fed much more often. At the age of up to 2 months, the frequency is 5-6 times a day, at 3 months. 4-5 times. At the age of 4 months to six months, 3-4 feedings are enough. From 6 months to a year, food is given three times a day, after a year it is already an adult dog, and the frequency of feeding should be appropriate.
Many owners often have a question, how many grams of food per day should be given to a puppy. The food ration for babies depends on the breed and weight. For small dogs, the portion will be less than for larger breed puppies. To correctly calculate the amount of food for babies, you need to know their weight and calorie content. Approximate data per 1 kg of weight can be seen in the table below.
|Age||Caloric content (kcal per 100 g)|
|Up to 1 month||220|
|Up to 3 months||270|
|Up to six months||150|
|Up to a year||120|
Note! For very young puppies, dry food should be slightly soaked in water to avoid damage to teeth.
On each package of food, the manufacturer indicates the recommended amount for the dog, depending on its weight. However, these parameters cannot be completely guided, because each dog is individual.
The norm for puppies also depends on the weight and age of the baby.
Super premium class
The feeds of this group are distinguished by their increased cost and balanced composition. They contain a high amount of protein obtained from quality meat products. In addition, they include all the essential minerals and vitamins. Soy is absent in such products, and corn is included in the composition in a minimum amount. The value of super-premium food reaches 450 kcal per 100 g, while the dog receives all the necessary substances immediately during the meal.
Note! Such products are allowed to be given to the animal constantly. The popular French food Pro Plan belongs to this category.
Feed classes and their energy value
Before choosing a suitable dog food, it is worth understanding that there are several types that differ in calorie content, composition, nutritional value, and protein. When choosing, it is important to consider that the more high-calorie and nutritious the product, the lower the dosage should be.
Note! The most expensive food tends to be high in calories, so a small amount is enough for the dog to be satisfied.
The choice between dry food and natural food depends on the preferences of the owner
Premium food contains small amounts of vitamins and minerals. The product also contains some proteins (about 20%), which are produced from offal and meat waste. The composition contains a large amount of corn and other grains. The average energy value of such feed does not exceed 350 calories per 100 g. If necessary, you will need to add additional nutrients to the pet’s diet.
For the production of feed from this group, the cheapest products are used. The main part is maize and grains. The small amount of meat is compensated by the increased volume of soybeans. Such food has a caloric content of no more than 250-300 kcal per 100 g.
Important! When choosing such feeds, it is imperative to include additional supplements and vitamin complexes in the pet’s diet.
How to calculate yourself
Calculating the amount of food for a dog yourself is quite simple, it does not require much effort. To get the desired result, you need to divide the daily calorie intake by the energy value of the feed. In addition, it is worth considering the weight, age, activity of the pet, and the characteristics of its health. It is also recommended to consult a veterinarian.
Some manufacturers put measuring cups in their packaging