home Dogs How much dry food is digested in dogs

How much dry food is digested in dogs

It seems to me that the dog is thin. Need to feed more?

First, figure out if she’s really thin. People have their own ideas about how a beautiful dog should look. And these ideas do not always correspond to the physiology of a healthy animal. The waist is visible in a dog in good shape. The ribs do not stick out, but they are easily felt by the hand when stroking.

much, food, digested, dogs

How many times a day to feed the dog?

Puppies eat constantly and as much as they want. This is probably why, even when they grow up, they require the same regularity of feeding. But you can’t give in to persuasion and sweet eyes. The older the dog is, the less often it needs to be fed:

  • 2 months. 3-4 times a day
  • 3-6 months. 3 times a day
  • 6-12 months. 2 times a day
  • From a year. 1-2 times a day

You can feed your average dog twice a day in equal portions. If there are no problems with weight and activity, everything is fine.

How to tell if a dog is full?

The dog itself will never say this. She won’t understand. Dogs have little to no satiety and will eat like pigeons on the street. until the food runs out.

Dog Stomach vs Human stomach

You can navigate like this. It’s okay if the dog asks for a supplement after eating, but you shouldn’t give the dog as much as he wants. If the dog looked at you offended and went to bed, then everything is in order. If the dog goes to the kitchen all day to rattle the bowl, this is completely different. Either the dog really doesn’t finish eating, and you need to increase the portion, or it’s time to go to the vet.

How to feed your dog

What should be in a dog’s diet?

If you are feeding food, then nothing else is needed. Natural food should contain about 40-50% meat, 30% fermented milk products and the rest. fiber. For example, it can be cottage cheese and kefir with bran in the morning and meat in the evening. Treat with vegetables and fruits periodically.

How much food to give a dog per day?

The right amount of food is determined empirically for each dog, but there are general recommendations. If you are feeding food, the packet will always tell you what portion size should be, depending on the size of the dog. This is important because food is a balanced set of elements that your dog needs.

If the dog is very active, the recommended portion can be slightly increased. If the dog is very, very lazy, on the contrary, reduce it. The main thing is that the weight of the dog remains constant. In hot weather, the portion can be reduced, because dogs are usually lethargic, and they do not need an extra load. In winter, the dog needs more energy and nutrients.

How to calculate the amount of natural feed?

  • Puppies up to 6 months. 6% of the dog’s weight
  • Dogs from 6 months. 3-4% of the dog’s weight

That is, if you have a two-year-old Jack Russell weighing 8 kg, he should have 250-300 grams of food. But since this breed is known for its hyperactivity, the portion can be increased.

Servings according to the size of the dog

As already noted, the serving size depends on the energy nutritional value of the finished diet, as well as how much the pet weighs:

  • Representatives of large breeds, the mass of which starts from 40 kg, consume an average of a pound of dry premium granules per day, and economical feed will require 700-800 g.
  • Average dogs, weighing from 12 to 40 kg, eat about 350-450 grams per day. food related to the premium class and 550-650 grams of the economy diet.
  • Small dogs, the maximum weight of which is 12 kg, eat from 150 to 300 grams of high quality feed and 350-400 g of economy food per day.

Of course, a portion of the highest quality food will be much smaller due to its nutritional value. This most owners think that more expensive feeds actually turn out to be much more profitable. Usually, having calculated the daily dose of food, the owner needs to distribute it into several equal portions, depending on the number of feedings: it can be one, two or three meals a day.

The scales used by housewives in the kitchen will help to measure the most accurate dosage. Some feeds come with special measuring containers. containers or glasses. In their absence, you have to measure “by eye”. A tablespoon can act as a measuring container. on average, 100 grams of granules is three spoons. The approximate norm is 2 tablespoons of granules per kilogram of pet’s weight. But in any case, these are averaged data that need individual adjustment.

The daily portion of food usually decreases in the summer, this applies to representatives of all breeds. But do not forget that you will need to return to standard dosage when it gets colder. For service or overly active dogs, the portion of food should be increased by an average of 25%. This is also necessary for pets participating in competitions and all sorts of shows. Another category of dogs in need of compulsory enhanced nutrition is pregnant and lactating bitches.

Puppies deserve special attention. When they grow intensively (this period is 4-7 months), they need to be fed more than an adult pet. In this case, the portion is increased, as a rule, 2 times.

It is important to remember that dogs that eat production diets need constant access to drinking water.

How much dry food to give the dog

Many dog ​​owners are faced with the question of how much dry food to give a dog per day so that it is full and does not overeat. This is all the more important when the dog is prone to obesity and health problems. The norm exists, it depends on what breed of dog, how active he is, and what age category he belongs to.

Calorie intake varies by feed grade

The portion size is influenced by the feed grade. After all, the more expensive the food, the higher its nutritional value:

  • Economy class feed. This type of product has the lowest energy value, so the daily portion will be the maximum. This is due to the fact that such products are made from inferior quality by-products and cereals, and natural meat is not added to them. Caloric content is about 280-320 Kcal.
  • Premium dry food. Due to the meat included in the composition, they have a higher nutritional value. 300-380 Kcal. This indicates that the portion will be smaller.
  • Super premium diets. They are considered the optimal daily food for pets of all breeds. They are based on the meat part, and cereals are practically not used in their manufacture. If we talk about their energy value, then it is about 400-450 Kcal.
  • Nutrition is holistic. One of the new directions in the manufacture of industrial animal feed. Their ingredients are foods suitable for human consumption. The meat portion in the feed is over 60%, which indicates their high nutritional value. These are the most expensive foods, but at the same time the portion of food is much smaller than that of other diets.

But whatever food the owner chooses, there is a hint for him on the package. A table is always printed here, according to which you can calculate the individual portion based on the weight of the dog. And since manufacturers use different products, the rate will, accordingly, be different.

Economy class

The weight Excessive (g.) Normal (y.) Insufficient (y.)
5 Kg 90 110 130
10 Kg 180 200 220
15 Kg 260 270 285
20 Kg 290 310 340
30 Kg 380 400 450
40 Kg 450 480 520
50 Kg 520 550 575

How much dry food does a dog need per day: table and daily rate

One day, you became the owner of a four-legged friend. He can be small or large, fluffy or smooth-haired, as well as a puppy or an adult dog.

The very first question that a newly-made owner may have is “What to feed your pet?”

There are currently several feeding options:

  • Natural feed.
  • Industrial feed.
  • Mixed meals.

The best type of nutrition among them will be considered to be feeding with industrial feed. In the first case, the owner will have to spend a lot of effort and time, as well as money, to create a completely balanced diet for the dog. The third option is not approved by veterinarians, because natural food knocks down the balance of factory feed.

First you need to decide on the brand of dry food. There are a huge number of them. All feeds differ into 3 categories:

  • Economy class.
  • Premium class.
  • Super premium class.

The second category is somewhat more enriched with vitamins and minerals, as well as meat products. Although in the composition of these feeds you can find meat by-products and even real meat, the percentage of this component is small (about 20%), you can also notice the presence of corn and cereals in a fairly large amount.

READ  How Much Should A Cat Weigh At 6 Months

The last group of feeds is distinguished by good balancing, a high percentage of meat products, low maize, soy should be absent. The vitamin and mineral complex in these products is present in full. Such feed brands: Eukanuba, Acana, Bosch. The high quality of these products is confirmed by a very high price of 500 rubles per kilogram. But at the same time, you can not be afraid for the health of the pet if he eats feed of these brands.

Each food has many varieties by breed (pellets have different sizes depending on the size of the dog), age (puppies, adults, seniors), activity (high or low), according to the presence of diseases (allergies, digestive problems, etc.)

Premium class

The weight Excessive (g.) Normal (y.) Insufficient (y.)
5 Kg 80 one hundred 120
10 Kg 140 175 200
15 Kg 220 250 290
20 Kg 250 290 310
30 Kg 340 380 400
40KG 410 450 490
50 Kg 490 520 550

Daily feed rate

After choosing a food, the most important step is to select the right feeding dosage. On the packaging of each food bag there is a table indicating how many grams should be given, taking into account the dog’s weight and its activity. What can be difficult? Find the required column and be done.

These tables do not take into account the fact that the animal may be overweight or underweight, and also do not take into account age characteristics at all (if it is a standard food for adult dogs). The norms indicated on the packages are very often overstated. It should be taken into account that such food increases in the dog’s stomach at least 3 times. If you follow the instructions on the bag, you will notice that the amount of food required by volume is approximately a third of the dog’s stomach.

Taking into account its swelling, the conclusion suggests itself that the stomach under the pressure of food will stretch every time, so after a while this rate will no longer be enough for the dog and you will have to increase the dosage, which will inevitably lead to indigestion, as well as obesity pet. The dosage of food will also depend on the quality of the feed. The higher the grade, the higher the nutritional value, therefore, the serving size will be less.

How Long Does it Take a Dog to Digest Food

Consider a rough guideline for feeding dogs dry food of different categories.

Super premium class

The weight Excessive (g.) Normal (y.) Insufficient (y.)
5 Kg 70 90 110
10 Kg 110 150 190
15 Kg 150 180 210
20 Kg 190 220 250
30 Kg 250 280 310
40KG 360 390 430
50 Kg 450 500 520

These tables show the feeding rates for dogs that are overweight or underweight, which differ by 10% from the ideal weight. If the parameters of your dog differ up or down from the normal weight, you should add or decrease the feeding rate, depending on the pet’s weight.

The value of the daily ration also depends on the load of the four-legged friend: the tables show the amount of food per animal with moderate activity. If your dog sits mostly at home, the amount of food must be reduced, and if it is a working dog, the size of the daily ration must be increased accordingly.

Diseases that can result from eating industrial feed

Kidney disease (among the three most common causes of death in pets), allergies, cancer, arthritis, obesity, heart disease, and dental problems. Accordingly, life expectancy is reduced.

One hundred percent myth

The main advantage, which manufacturers and feed lovers assert. their perfect balance. However, it cannot be ideal for all, without exception, specific animals, since they are not average, they have different ages, sex, breed, energy costs. In addition, there are individual differences in needs between animals of the same sex, age, and breed. So this merit also seems to be very dubious. And more about the notorious balance: they say that a veterinarian easily made something identical to the widespread industrial feed in terms of the ratio of these components from an old leather shoe (proteins), waste machine oil (fats) and sawdust (carbohydrates).

What Happens to Protein Molecules During Heat Treatment?

Protein. a very long thread, consisting of all kinds of amino acids (there are 20 types of amino acids in the composition of plant and animal proteins). This thread, bending many times and intersecting with itself, is fixed on itself by its own amino acid residues, maintains a special shape, which is a biological machine. substrate. The thread sections are spacious here. They are available to molecules of digestive enzymes that can reach almost all parts of this protein molecule and cut it into many fragments, which will then be assimilated by the body. This is the process of digestion.

Now imagine that you have a beautiful macrame at home, which has captured a family of growing kittens as a toy. In a few days, this macrame will turn into a tightly matted ball of tightly intertwined threads. The same thing happens with food proteins when they are boiled or fried, not to mention the fact that in the production of dry food they are “coked” and autoclaved. Digestive enzymes of the gastrointestinal tract may and will be able to pinch off some fragments from the surface of this ball. However, most of the protein mass will leave the small intestine, where food is digested and absorbed, into the large intestine, which does not absorb nutrients for the body. Here, in large numbers, tens of times exceeding the number of cells of the whole body, many putrefactive bacteria of the luminal flora live (only the parietal flora of the large intestine is necessary and useful for the body.these are bifidobacteria and lactobacilli that form the mucoid layer of the large intestine, without a healthy state of which normal life any organism is impossible). And everything that is in the cavity of the large intestine is intensively drained as a result of the powerful absorption of moisture by the walls of the large intestine and then excreted as excrement.

Have you noticed that the excrement of animals living in the wild is almost odorless, while humans, dogs that eat dry food and the wrong food, on the contrary, smell intensely? This is explained simply: the body, supplying its putrefactive bacteria with undigested protein mass, breeds these bacteria in large quantities and intensifies the decay processes. At the same time, a significant amount of very harmful putrefaction products is absorbed into the large intestine, then enters the liver, poisoning it, penetrates into the general circulation, poisons the brain and other organs of the body, and then is partially excreted by the lungs. In this case, the breath takes on the smell of its excrement.

Enzymes. these are proteins (i.e. proteins) that control chemical reactions, which form the basis of the life of any living organism. from flower to person.

Enzyme action: improving digestion (breaking down proteins, carbohydrates, fats), eliminating possible discomfort after eating (feeling of heaviness in the abdomen, belching, bloating); anti-inflammatory effect (at the level of the gastrointestinal tract); reduction of putrefactive processes in the intestines; reduction of gas formation, elimination of bad breath; normalization of intestinal microflora, etc.

All living tissues and, accordingly, fresh food, both plant and animal, are rich in enzymes. Thermally processed food (boiled, fried, baked “until crisp”, as they like to repeat in advertisements for dry food) is deprived of enzymes. proteins are destroyed at high temperatures.

For millions of years, animals, including dogs, have ate enzyme-rich foods. Based on this, their digestive system was formed, which is still trying to work on the basis that enzymes that help to digest it must enter the stomach along with food that satisfies hunger. In addition, enzymes contribute to maintaining the health of the animal by preventing premature aging of the body.

Imagine now, what is the body of a dog, which from puppyhood eats dry food or boiled cereals and meat. Not surprisingly, since the mass production of dry food was established, the average life expectancy of dogs has almost halved. Without vital enzymes, which a dog can only get from raw natural food, the body quickly wears out, ages and breaks down. Lack of enzymes in the diet plays an important role in the development of almost all degenerative diseases. cancer, kidney, liver, heart failure, diabetes, intestinal and stomach bloating, and as a consequence. twisting of the stomach or intestines, obstruction, allergies, etc.

Now let’s look at the production of dry food. This process is somewhat akin to baking a loaf. When you bake a loaf, you mix all the ingredients according to a specific recipe and get a smooth paste. Then this mass is baked and a finished product with a homogeneous structure is obtained. As with baking a loaf, it is very important when making dry food that all ingredients are thoroughly mixed. This is where some difficulties arise, since ingredients with high moisture content, such as meat, do not mix well with dry ingredients such as corn or wheat flour. To solve this problem in the production of dry feed, the components are dehydrated before mixing. Concepts such as feed with chicken, fish only mean that this component has been dried and crushed. The dried shredded meat product mixes well with shredded corn, wheat or other grains to form a smooth flour. Therefore, components such as chicken offal are more often used in dry food. In the production of dry food, the resulting homogeneous flour undergoes a pressing process. This equipment works as a high temperature pressing furnace. Hot water and steam are supplied to it, which significantly increase the pressure inside it. Inside the oven are paddles that stir the dough as it moves. Then, at the end of the oven, the dough goes through a “meat grinder” with small round holes or holes in the shape of stars, bones, depending on what shape the “croutons” should be. When the “crackers” leave the high pressure pressing furnace and enter low atmospheric pressure, they expand and become porous. If you break the “crouton”, you will see that its structure resembles a honeycomb. Although the crust swells due to the pressure drop described above, its structure is maintained through a process called “starch gelatinization”. Gelatinization is a reaction between starch granules and water, resulting in the rupture of these granules and the formation of fairly strong and stable knots. Thanks to this process, “crackers” swell well and at the same time do not crumble into powder and retain their shape. Since the technology for the production of dry food involves the gelatinization of starch, the starch should be relatively high and is usually 40-60%. (To find the starch in dog food, add protein, fat, moisture, fiber, and ash and subtract that amount from 100%). Because stamping dry animal food is a water / steam cooking process and oil and water mix poorly, adding a lot of fat to dry food is not possible. Instead, warm liquid fat is sprayed onto the croutons after they leave the oven. The porous structure of the swollen “crouton” allows the fat to penetrate inside. When the fat and croutons cool to room temperature, the fat hardens. The fat on the surface of the “crouton” is exposed to oxygen and can be oxidized. To prevent oxidation, antioxidants such as vitamin E, ethoxyquin, BHA are added to the fat. Without these preservatives, the food would quickly become rancid, but with these preservatives, the dog gets liver and kidney diseases and good allergies. Most dry foods have lower digestibility and higher fiber levels. This increases the excretion of water in the faeces and decreases its excretion in the urine. In turn, this increases the concentration of urine and increases the risk of urolithiasis.

READ  How to train your dog not to spoil at home

The main food for dogs is animal products (meat, fish, milk), with the addition of cereals, flour and small amounts of herbs and root vegetables. The composition of these feeds contains all the substances necessary for the dog’s body: proteins (protein), fats and carbohydrates.

Proteins play a huge role in the life of the body. They are the main carriers of life. The body synthesizes 14 types of proteins by itself, and the remaining 8 enter the body through food. Foods of animal origin contain more protein than plant foods. Protein deficiency negatively affects the vital functions of the body. And when protein breakdown prevails over its sitesis, the body begins to “feed” on its own tissues.

Fats. The most valuable biological part of fats is polyunsaturated fatty acids. They are not synthesized by the body and therefore are irreplaceable (found in edible vegetable oils). According to their value, they are referred to as vitamins of the “F” group. They normalize cholesterol metabolism, stimulate the body’s immunological defense system, and have a beneficial effect on the appearance of the skin. Fats are part of the protoplasm of cells, participate in cellular metabolism, affect the digestion process and are an important source of heat.

Carbohydrates (sugars and polysaccharides) are found in almost all body tissues, are involved in metabolism and are source of energy. Their excess in food is processed by the body into fat. Fiber is one of the most important and valuable carbohydrates. Taking it regularly helps maintain normal blood sugar, cholesterol and fat levels. Fiber contributes to the normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract (prevents the development of constipation) and cleansing the body of harmful or unnecessary substances.

The need for a dog for food is calculated according to its live weight, conditions of detention (open-air cage, on a leash or free, in an apartment), the degree of workload, condition of the coat, season, temperature, puppies’ breeding or feeding period, age and sex. To ensure the normal functioning of the body, the dog needs in the daily feed rate (per 1 kg of live weight): proteins. 3-4 g (12-16 large calories (calorie is the amount of heat required to heat one liter of water by one degree Celsius), fat. 1-2 g (9-18 large calories), carbohydrates. 12-15 g ( 48-60 large calories). Characteristics of food for dogs are given in Table 1. The increase in caloric intake depends on the degree of workload of the dogs.. search and guard dogs, and hunting. in the season of training and especially hunting. Moderate work is carried out by service and hunting dogs when training and training them. Increased calorie content is necessary for short-haired dogs in yard keeping in cold weather.

What the owner can do (from worst to best)

Continue to feed only industrial feed. In this case, you should make sure that the feed you buy meets the standards of the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO), however, it must be admitted that this reputable organization (goal. Development of uniform rules for the labeling of feeds). and the FDA and government regulatory agencies tolerate the questionable labeling practices described above. Make sure that the selected feed has passed chemical analysis (which, however, is not entirely informative, which is again illustrated by the story of the “feed” of shoe, crankcase oil and sawdust). Therefore, it is better if the feed has passed long-term testing. But since all this nevertheless does not guarantee its quality, it is necessary to change the brand of feed at least every six months.

Diversify your diet. Raw vegetables, fruits and meats can be added to commercial feed. It is advised to give chopped parsley and alfalfa stalks, finely grated sputum and zucchini from raw vegetables. Boiled. carrots, corn, green peas and green beans, broccoli.

Prepare food yourself. Since you know exactly what you put there, this seems to be the best option.

Feed math and moisture

The second factor that makes it difficult to compare different feeds in terms of their nutritional value is moisture. Here we need math again. For example, the label on canned dog food says it contains 6% protein. And on the package of inexpensive dry food it says that it contains as much as 20% protein. Much more than canned food, right? No not like this.

To compare the actual percentage of any nutrient in a feed, you must calculate the percentage of that nutrient on the dry weight of the food. To make it clearer, imagine that you squeezed every last drop of moisture from the canned food, and measured the percentage of protein in what was left. This is called the percentage of protein in dry matter. Then, in the same way, dry food was squeezed out to the bottom, the percentage of protein in it was measured and the two results were compared. And, believe me, as a rule, in canned feed, there is more protein after removing water than in dry.

In a word, for a correct comparison of nutrients in feed from different manufacturers, it is necessary to “discard” such a component as moisture (it is also indicated on the labels). Here’s how to do it: Look at the food packaging for moisture, subtract that number from 100%. this will be the dry weight of the feed. Let’s assume the moisture content of the selected canned food. 75%, then its dry weight. 25%, and the moisture content of dry food. 10% means dry weight. 90%. All nutrients, including proteins, carbohydrates, etc., are not contained in water, but in this dry residue. As for water, it passes through the body and is simply excreted in the form of urine, nothing more. Therefore, it is necessary to know how much protein and the rest are in the dry weight of the feed.
Now that you know the dry weight percentage of the feed, you can calculate the protein in it. To do this, divide the percentage of protein (or any other substance that needs to be estimated in the feed) by the percentage of dry weight of the feed. In our example with canned food, it turns out: 6%: 25% = 24%. those. the real percentage of protein in canned food is 24%! Now dry food from our example: 20%: 90% = 22.2%. here is the real protein in this dry food. It now becomes apparent that the canned food in our example contains more protein than the dry food. If you carry out such a calculation of the various foods, it turns out that practically most dog foods contain at least 22% crude protein, and cat foods contain at least 22% crude protein. 32%. However, let’s not forget that we are talking here about raw protein, and not about what will actually be assimilated and has biological value for animals. That is why, looking at the label of a ready-made dog or cat food, you should not trust what is written on it: the real nutrients in this package or can may be completely different. The label will honestly tell you how much crude protein (carbohydrates, etc.) is in a feed at a given moisture content. But to understand how much your pet is getting, you need to know the biological value of these proteins, digestibility and percentage in dry weight of the feed (since the water in the feed is just a “transit passenger”).

Once again about the technology for the production of dry feed

For a person who is at least a little familiar with biochemistry, it is absolutely clear: under the influence of high temperatures, part of the food that even we! going to eat, it becomes either of little use or harmful. During heat treatment, very complex processes take place: isomerization (it seems that the molecule consists of the same atoms, but now it is not folded as “convenient” for the body, or even harmful) and fat oxidation (the taste of oxidized fat is perceived as rancid, while it acquires mutagenic and carcinogenic properties). But fats are still digested. But proteins, these most difficult to digest components of food, become almost indigestible.

READ  Can I wash my hair with dog shampoo?

What happens to protein molecules during heat treatment? I want to remind you: protein. a very long thread, consisting of all kinds of amino acids (there are 20 types of amino acids in the composition of plant and animal proteins). This thread, bending many times and intersecting with itself, is fixed on itself by its own amino acid residues, maintains a special shape, which is a biological machine. substrate. The thread sections are spacious here. They are available to molecules of digestive enzymes that can reach almost all parts of this protein molecule and cut it into many fragments, which will then be assimilated by the body. This is the process of digestion.

Now imagine that you have a beautiful macrame at home, which has captured a family of growing kittens as a toy. In a few days, this macrame will turn into a tightly matted ball of tightly intertwined threads. The same thing happens with food proteins when they are boiled or fried, not to mention the fact that in the production of dry food they are “coked” and autoclaved. Digestive enzymes of the gastrointestinal tract may and will be able to pinch off some fragments from the surface of this ball. However, most of the protein mass will leave the small intestine, where food is digested and absorbed, into the large intestine, which does not absorb nutrients for the body. Here, in large numbers, tens of times exceeding the number of cells of the whole body, many putrefactive bacteria of the luminal flora live (only the parietal flora of the large intestine is necessary and useful for the body.these are bifidobacteria and lactobacilli that form the mucoid layer of the large intestine, without a healthy state of which normal life any organism is impossible). And everything that is in the cavity of the large intestine is intensively drained as a result of the powerful absorption of moisture by the walls of the large intestine and then excreted as excrement.

Have you noticed that the excrement of animals living in the wild is almost odorless, while humans, dogs that eat dry food and the wrong food, on the contrary, smell intensely? This is explained simply: the body, supplying its putrefactive bacteria with undigested protein mass, breeds these bacteria in large quantities and intensifies the decay processes. At the same time, a significant amount of very harmful putrefaction products is absorbed into the large intestine, then enters the liver, poisoning it, penetrates into the general circulation, poisons the brain and other organs of the body, and then is partially excreted by the lungs. In this case, the breath takes on the smell of its excrement.

And once again about enzymes. Enzymes. these are proteins (i.e. proteins) that control chemical reactions, which form the basis of the life of any living organism. from flower to person.
Enzyme action: improving digestion (breaking down proteins, carbohydrates, fats), eliminating possible discomfort after eating (feeling of heaviness in the abdomen, belching, bloating); anti-inflammatory effect (at the level of the gastrointestinal tract); reduction of putrefactive processes in the intestines; reduction of gas formation, elimination of bad breath; normalization of intestinal microflora, etc.
All living tissues and, accordingly, fresh food, both plant and animal, are rich in enzymes. Thermally processed food (boiled, fried, baked “until crisp”, as they like to repeat in advertisements for dry food) is deprived of enzymes. proteins are destroyed at high temperatures.
For millions of years, animals, including dogs, have ate enzyme-rich foods. Based on this, their digestive system was formed, which is still trying to work on the basis that enzymes that help to digest it must enter the stomach along with food that satisfies hunger. In addition, enzymes contribute to maintaining the health of the animal by preventing premature aging of the body.

Imagine now, what is the body of a dog that eats dry food since puppyhood. Not surprisingly, since the mass production of dry food was established, the average life expectancy of dogs has almost halved. Without vital enzymes, which a dog can only get from raw natural food, the body quickly wears out, ages and breaks down. Lack of enzymes in the diet plays an important role in the development of almost all degenerative diseases. cancer, kidney, liver, heart failure, diabetes, intestinal and stomach bloating, and as a consequence. twisting of the stomach or intestines, obstruction, allergies, etc.

Now let’s look at the production of dry food. This process is somewhat akin to baking a loaf. When you bake a loaf, you mix all the ingredients according to a specific recipe and get a smooth paste. Then this mass is baked and a finished product with a homogeneous structure is obtained. As with baking a loaf, it is very important when making dry food that all ingredients are thoroughly mixed. This is where some difficulties arise, since ingredients with high moisture content, such as meat, do not mix well with dry ingredients such as corn or wheat flour. To solve this problem in the production of dry feed, the components are dehydrated before mixing. Concepts such as feed with chicken, fish only mean that this component has been dried and crushed. The dried shredded meat product mixes well with shredded corn, wheat or other grains to form a smooth flour. Therefore, components such as chicken offal are more often used in dry food. In the production of dry food, the resulting homogeneous flour undergoes a pressing process. During production, dry food is subjected to high temperature processing (150 ° C). extrusion, which leads to loss of nutritional value of the original products, fatty acids are decomposed. For example: the molecular structure of fat processed at high temperatures resembles the molecular structure of cellophane, i.e. completely inedible substance, and boiling fat turns into benzopyrine, a substance that is carcinogenic, a real poison. This equipment works as a high temperature pressing furnace. Hot water and steam are supplied to it, which significantly increase the pressure inside it. Inside the oven are paddles that stir the dough as it moves. Then, at the end of the oven, the dough goes through a “meat grinder” with small round holes or holes in the shape of stars, bones, depending on what shape the “croutons” should be. When the “crackers” leave the high pressure pressing furnace and enter low atmospheric pressure, they expand and become porous. If you break the “crouton”, you will see that its structure resembles a honeycomb. Although the crust swells due to the pressure drop described above, its structure is maintained through a process called “starch gelatinization”. Gelatinization is a reaction between starch granules and water, resulting in the rupture of these granules and the formation of fairly strong and stable knots. Thanks to this process, “crackers” swell well and at the same time do not crumble into powder and retain their shape. Since the technology for the production of dry food involves the gelatinization of starch, the starch should be relatively high and is usually 40-60%. (To find the starch in dog food, add protein, fat, moisture, fiber, and ash and subtract that amount from 100%). Because stamping dry animal food is a water / steam cooking process and oil and water mix poorly, adding a lot of fat to dry food is not possible. Instead, warm liquid fat is sprayed onto the croutons after they leave the oven. The porous structure of the swollen “crouton” allows the fat to penetrate inside. When the fat and croutons cool to room temperature, the fat hardens. The fat on the surface of the “crouton” is exposed to oxygen and can be oxidized. To prevent oxidation, antioxidants such as vitamin E, ethoxyquin, BHA are added to the fat. Without these preservatives, the food would quickly become rancid, but with these preservatives, the dog gets liver and kidney diseases and good allergies. Most dry foods have lower digestibility and higher fiber levels. This increases the excretion of water in the faeces and decreases its excretion in the urine. In turn, this increases the concentration of urine and increases the risk of urolithiasis.

What industrial feed is made of (dry feed)

A wide variety of animal waste (heads, hooves, horns, beaks, esophagus, intestines, lungs, kidneys, spleen, blood, subcutaneous fat, tendons, etc.), as well as parts of carcasses that were not used in production ” human “food” (sites of administration of hormones and antibiotics, areas of damage, tumors, including malignant, etc.). The corpses of the fallen, knocked down on the roads and euthanized pets. the San Francisco Chronicle wrote about this, the feed manufacturers angrily denied this fact, and the American Veterinary Medicine Association confirmed it. Expired meat products from supermarkets. Since most of the firms that produce feed are subsidiaries of the giants of the food industry, by processing the by-products of the main production in this way, they practically achieve zero waste.
Some of the animal proteins are replaced by vegetable ones, obtained, in particular, from soybeans, often causing flatulence, corn. but not grains, but cobs, cake, moldy peanut shells containing aflatoxins secreted by the fungus. the last component in one of the feed names 15%, etc.).
This practice is especially noted: ingredients originating from one source are divided into groups and listed in this order on the packaging, as a result of which, in terms of percentage composition, they occupy, for example, 2nd and 3rd places, although they are should come first. In addition, it is allowed to preserve the composition of the feed prescribed on the packaging for six months, even if it has actually undergone changes. And for feeds with the so-called open formula, this is the rule, despite the fact that their composition is constantly changing depending on the market value of the components.
Fats. a mixture of spoiled and rancid fats of a wide variety of origins.

FUNDAYUNA.COM 2021