The amount of dry food for puppies
The amount of feed consumed
Large breed dogs weighing 55-60 kilograms will need about 600 to 700 grams of food. Small animals, weighing a maximum of ten kilograms, need feed in the range of 160-180 grams. When your pet is medium-sized and weighs about twenty to twenty-five kilograms, its dry food rate will be about 300-350 grams. Owners of dogs weighing 35-40 kilograms will have to give their animals 450-500 grams of dog food.
The number of grams of food a dog can eat daily is very important to be able to determine correctly. To do this, on the Internet, you can find special tables that contain information about the amount of calories a dog can eat for each day. In this case, the indicators of the weight of the animal are taken into account. Use such a table, and you can accurately calculate the amount of feed specifically for your pet.
Feed class and energy value
In order to correctly compose a diet for your four-legged pet, you must first figure out which feed to give preference to. The category of dry mixes includes four main classes that differ in nutritional value, calorie content, and energy value:
- economy class mixtures. This category mainly includes low-quality products. This means that you can take care of your pet‘s health only if you replenish your daily diet with special vitamin and mineral supplements;
- premium feed. Most of this group of feed compositions includes products that include various vitamins and minerals. In such industrial mash, as a rule, animal proteins are present;
- super premium. Such formulations are an excellent example of a balanced, nutritious diet to which you can safely transfer your dog;
- feed class holistic. For the production of such a mixture, products of the highest quality are used.
In the process of choosing a suitable feed composition, do not forget that the higher the calorie and nutritional value of the product, the less the animal will need it. That is why the most expensive mixtures are the most satisfying, that is, you will give them to your pet in smaller quantities.
The classification of dog food determines the quality of the products and the labor intensity of the production process. Conventionally, all industrial rations are divided into classes:
- Economy: the most inexpensive way to feed a dog. Foods of this class have a low cost and quality of raw materials, contain extremely few valuable components for a dog. proteins, fats and vitamins. Almost all raw materials are of plant origin. Feeding a pet with these products does not guarantee harmonious growth and development without additional investment.
- Premium is the next step in feed classification. The quality of the raw materials is better, but the total percentage of animal protein is not enough for the pet to get everything it needs from dry granules. Premium food is often not balanced in composition and is overloaded with cereals, which is harmful for dogs.
- Super premium. This grading includes diets formulated in accordance with the criteria for proper nutrition for dogs. In the production, high-quality sources of raw meat are used, and the technology is such that it allows you to preserve useful substances during the heat treatment of granules. Such food is complete: the owner does not need to worry about whether the dog received everything.
- Holisticians are the “elite” of dog food. Holistic eating means using only those foods that are suitable for human consumption. Almost all holistics are grain-free, and vegetables, fruits and berries play the role of useful fiber. It is a safe and healthy dog food with maximum benefits.
Energy value is an important indicator of dry feed. The amount of calories should be sufficient to compensate for the dog’s energy expenditure (depending on its workload, climatic conditions, health status, breed, and other factors).
The table shows the approximate nutritional value of the feed according to its class.
the diet lacks energy sources. animal proteins and fats, as well as the optimal amount of carbohydrates. A small portion of high-quality food can both saturate the pet and satisfy its daily energy requirement.
Frequency rate of feeding
The daily dry food rate for dogs depends on various circumstances:
- Lifestyle. if a dog constantly lives in an apartment and leads a sedentary lifestyle, spending a minimum amount of time on the street, then it will need much less food than one that is quite active in spending its time and moves a lot.
- Age and amount of feed. Regardless of the brand of dry food and its content, puppies need to be fed much more often than adult dogs. Very young puppies, up to two months old, should receive up to six feeds a day. In two to three months, the amount decreases by one feeding and is already four to five times. When your pet is six months old, you can transfer it to three meals a day. Puppies that have reached the age of one year must be transferred to two feedings: in the morning and in the evening, preferably at the same time.
If the animal is feeling unwell or is currently ill with something, then, of course, the amount of feed consumed should be reduced.
Also, an important role in feeding dogs is played by the age of the animal. If a dog is young, active and mobile, then, accordingly, it receives more dry food than one that has been for many years and has a sedentary lifestyle.
Another factor that influences the rate of feeding dogs with dry food is the quality of commercial food. All dry dog food can be roughly divided into four classes. They differ from each other in energy value, in the balance of vitamin and mineral supplements and in the quality of the ingredients used.
- For owners of large breeds of dogs, weighing from forty to seventy kilograms, dry food manufacturers recommend giving out from 500 to 800 grams of food per day.
- Small dogs, whose weight is in the range of 13-15 kilograms, will only need from 100 to 200 grams of feed per day.
- Medium-sized dogs weighing 25 to 40 kilograms should receive 300 to 600 grams of dog food per day.
- For those animals that are in the weight category from 15 to 25 kilograms, the daily rate of dry feed will be from 200 to 350 grams of feed.
Dog Chow dog food is a high-quality, complete, maximally balanced dry food that is suitable for all breeds of dogs. Do not forget that dogs are carnivores. Their body needs food of animal origin. Therefore, dry food contains selected natural meat, as well as fruits, vegetables, vitamins, minerals, herbs, antioxidants and amino acids. Eating dry food “Dog Chow”, dogs receive all the necessary components for a healthy life.
If you decide to have a dog for the first time, then you should study the rules and procedures for feeding these animals. Feeding must be balanced, and its norms must comply with certain rules.
It is simply impossible to derive the necessary norms for feeding dogs that will be suitable for all animals. Even if dogs are of the same breed and body size, they may not always require the same amount of food.
Note! Each animal has individual characteristics of the organism, their metabolism can be very different. For this reason, if they are given the same amount of feed mixtures, then one may gain excess weight, and the other may always be in perfect shape.
The daily requirement for dry dog food depends on various factors. When compiling a diet, it is imperative to take into account the habitat and the degree of physical activity of the animal. If the animal is kept outdoors and runs in the fresh air throughout the day, and sits in a booth at night, then the norm of dog food should be half as much as opposed to the norm for pets who live in an apartment.
In order for the feeding rate to be correct, you should pay attention to several important nuances:
- in no case should you overfeed the dog. Regardless of whether the owner feeds his pet. dry food or natural food, the amount of food should be moderate. Overfeeding often leads to obesity in the animal, which leads to a range of health problems;
- it is imperative to take into account the mobility of the pet, its lifestyle. For example, an active York puppy and animals of other breeds should not be fed too much per day;
- on average, the daily allowance for adult dogs should be no more than 1 kilogram;
- the amount of food consumed usually depends on the size and weight of the animal. For example, large animals may well eat up to 1 kg of feed per day, but small ones, such as the Yorkshire terrier, can eat half as much;
- the amount of dry feed mixture also depends on the feed class. Many types of feed (Akana, Proplan, Royal Canin, Now Fresh, Grandorf and others) can be economy, premium, holistic. Accordingly, the higher the class, the higher the nutritional value of the feed mixture;
- when feeding, special attention should be paid to physical activity and the size of the tailed friend. A dog with active physical activity and with an average body weight at a time will be able to master one and a half liters of a complete feed mixture. But for a large watchdog, which is grown on bran and potatoes, even one bucket at a time will not be enough.
It is worth noting! The dog can feel hungry at any rate of feeding. This may be due to insufficient amounts of vitamins, minerals, and proteins.
If the dog is active, looks cheerful and cheerful, he has healthy skin, a beautiful, shiny coat, and the body weight remains at the same level for a long time, then the feed rate is chosen correctly.
Find out the pros and cons of dry and natural dog foodgt; gt; gt;
The amount of food consumed, and the number of its meals depends on the age of the animal. For the puppy, the frequency of feeding should be frequent. This is due to the fact that small pets have high mobility, they spend a lot of energy, and to replenish it, they need a large amount of nutrients, which are supplied with food.
In order for the feeding of the dogs to be correct, it is worth studying the table below, where the frequency of feeding is indicated depending on the age of the animal.
We introduce soaked food into the diet
Now we know at what age you can feed a puppy with dry industrial food, but how to do it correctly. Complementary foods should be given no earlier than 2 months and in a soaked form, since the teeth of dogs at this age have not yet fully formed. To do this, you need to soak dry food with boiling water:
- Place a serving of pellets in a dog bowl, then cover them with hot water. If the pet eats natural, then it is better to dilute the granules with broth. If the dog is fed with special canned food for animals, then you can take the gravy from there and soak it to give a more pronounced smell.
- After 15 minutes, warm swollen granules that have significantly increased in size must be kneaded with a fork.
- That’s all ready, you can give the puppy a delicious nutritious dish.
- To make it better absorbed, it can be mixed with canned food or natural products, depending on what the baby ate before.
The portion of complementary foods is increased gradually, while reducing the amount of natural food. The ratio of the parts changes every week. In the first week, complementary foods make up one fourth of the serving, the second half, and the third three quarters. After 4-5 weeks, you can completely eliminate natural food and feed your pet with soaked dry food. Do not forget that the cooked dish must be warm, so if it has cooled down, it is better to heat it up. Warm food is easier to digest and the aroma lures the four-footed friend.
At what age can you give dry food to puppies??
Everyone knows that a dog belongs to the order of predators, so meat is the main component of its diet. But for a balanced diet, she must eat not only fats, but also carbohydrates and other nutrients. In a word, food should be rich in useful trace elements that are needed for the health of dogs. This is especially important for puppies who still have weak immunity in their growing body.
But many dog owners simply do not have time to figure out what vegetables and fruits can be given to dogs, to make a schedule and a menu of proper nutrition. Therefore, they resort to an easy and convenient way of feeding, namely, they acquire dry food. But before using them, you need to know: “When can a puppy start giving dry food??
? How to properly feed dry food? How much dry food should you give your dog a day? ” and much more.
At what age can dry food start?
From how many months can you feed a small puppy dry food? Feeding a puppy with dry food is usually started from 3 months old, if you got him earlier, find out how you can feed a month-old puppy. Some experts advise to start introducing dry complementary foods from an earlier age, namely from 2 months, but only in a soaked form.
If you picked up the puppy from the street and want to feed him only dry food in the future, then it is better to immediately start giving soaked granules, and then gradually transfer to dry ones, while of course he will most likely be tormented by diarrhea for a couple of days. If you took a puppy from a breeder, then find out what he ate, and then outline a further action plan.
It is very important to opt for the right product. Now there are a lot of feed manufacturers, there are plenty to choose from. When buying, you should adhere to a few rules.
- It is also worth adhering to the distinction by breed. That is, to purchase food based on the size of the dog. For small breeds, they sell products with smaller and softer granules, for large breeds, respectively with large.
- And, of course, puppy foods are suitable. Under no circumstances should babies be fed products for adult dogs.
When can a small puppy be fed dry food?
Most dog breeders purchasing a pet immediately decide to transfer the puppy to dry food. But how to do it correctly so as not to harm his health. The most important thing in this matter is not to rush. As a rule, the stomach of doggie does not absorb dry granules well, so problems may arise, namely diarrhea, constipation, vomiting. Therefore, the later the better. But not always the pet owner can constantly stand at the stove and cook natural food, especially since babies up to six months need to be fed often and freshly prepared food.
We introduce unsoaked food into the diet
After a few months of feeding with soaked granules, dry food is introduced. This is usually done after the entire tooth replacement. Teeth change occurs between the ages of three and seven months. Therefore, it is better not to introduce dry food to our smaller brothers before six months, as it is possible to spoil the bite. And a dog with unformed teeth will completely swallow pieces of food, which will lead to overeating. During tooth replacement, immunity is usually lowered, so a sudden switch to another food will lead to stomach problems.
Dry complementary foods, as well as diluted with water, begin to be given in stages. The instruction is that the portion is gradually increased every week. The ratios are the same as with the soaked granules. First, one to four, then half, then three to four with food soaked in boiling water. When the dog completely switches to dry industrial food, veterinarians advise diluting the diet with wet canned food so that the enamel of the teeth does not wear off. Puppies love super premium canned food, and manufacturers such as Almo Nature, Hill’s and Bozita are responsible for their quality.
How to calculate your feeding rate
Consider a special product for puppies, Acana Puppy Junior. As you can see from the table, dog breeds are divided into four categories:
- Small (the weight of an adult animal is up to 5 kg).
- Small and medium (5-10 kg).
- Medium (10-20 kg).
- Large (30 kg).
If a puppy is purebred, you probably know how he will grow up. this information is always available in open sources, on sites about breeds. For example, Jack Russell Terriers, which are extremely popular today, reach 5-7 kg and belong to the “Small and Medium” weight category (second column).
It is a little more difficult to determine what a mongrel puppy will be like. If you know his parents, then take their averaged parameters as a guide. In the case when the parents of the baby are unknown, the veterinarian will be able to tell his age and expected weight. Do not forget to ask about this during your visit to the clinic.
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How much dry food to give a puppy at 2 months?
The amount of dry food a puppy needs per day depends on the breed, that is, its size as an adult, and its actual weight at a given time. You can determine the daily allowance according to the table contained on each package of dry food, but there is no single figure, because each product is slightly different in composition and calorie content.
How to find the treasured number?
The tables on the packages of all dry food are built approximately the same, but there are still slight differences between them. They depend on whether the diet is intended for puppies of all breeds or only for very specific ones. large, small or medium.
First, let’s look at the feeding norms for a diet designed for puppies of all breeds, and consider them using the example of Blitz food with chicken.
|Puppy weight, kg|
|Daily rate, grams per day|
So, as you can see, in order to determine the RDA, you will definitely need to know the weight of your puppy. We advise you not to rely on sensations, but to weigh the baby. this is definitely recommended not only to calculate the rate of dry food, but also to monitor its development.
So, we take the puppy in our arms, get on the floor scales, which usually give an error of only 100 g, then we do the same procedure again, but without the pet. The difference between the obtained figures will be the weight of the puppy.
Then you need to find in the left column the baby’s age in weeks (2 months is eight weeks) and the weight, say, 1.5 kg. in our table it corresponds to the value “1-2” kg. The treasured figure will be located at the intersection of the two corresponding lines. It doesn’t matter that it varies from 108 to 112 kg, the amount of feed you need will be in the middle. 110 g.
The situation is a little simpler with the table of feeding norms for a ration intended for dogs of different sizes. Let’s look at the example with Blitz food again, only this time for small and medium-sized puppies.
Feeding Guidelines | Schedule | Tips | How Much Food Should I Feed and Which Company My Puppy?
|Adult dog weight||6-12||12-16||16-28||28-35|
|0.5-1 kg||54-108 g||47-84 g||42-84 g||–|
|1-2 kg||108-111 g||84-91 g||84-91 g||72-84 g|
|2-3 kg||111-166 g||91-136 g||91-136 g||84-108 g|
|3-5 kg||166-274 g||136-245 g||136-188 g||108-166 g|
|5-10 kg||274-406 g||245-377 g||188-330 g||166-245 g|
|10-15 kg||410-547 g||377-493 g||330-439 g||245-354 g|
|15-25 kg||547-708 g||493-627 g||439-566 g||354-467 g|
Here you no longer need to know the current weight of the puppy, but just have information about its weight in adulthood. It can be found on any breed site or ask the breeder.
Knowing that when your puppy grows up, it will weigh 5 kg, you need to determine the right figure in accordance with the age of the baby. Since the spread of values is often found in the tables of feeding rates, the average values should be taken into account. So, using the tables, you can determine exactly how much dry food to give a puppy at 2 months a day.
How much dry food to feed the puppy at a time
This is a very important point, because dogs should not be fed, like cats, by giving them all or even half of the daily allowance at a time. Puppies at 2 months are fed about five times a day. that’s how many parts you need to divide the daily norm. It is not necessary to do this exactly, the puppy can eat a little less in one meal and more in the other, this is not scary, the main thing is that the food of a young dog is never freely available.
If the puppy has not finished eating or even refused to eat at all, the bowl should be removed immediately before the next meal. Most dogs do not control their appetite, they must learn from childhood to eat strictly at a certain time and know: if you have not finished eating, you will not get anything until another time.
This not only reliably insures the puppy against overeating, but also forms the correct eating habits, eliminates the risk of later encountering begging. one of the most unpleasant traits of a dog’s character, which does not arise by itself, but is actively “brought up” by the owner.
How to make a calculation yourself
This is not difficult if you know the correct counting scheme. You can calculate the amount of a daily portion according to a simple scheme: we divide the pet’s daily calorie requirement by the energy value of the feed.
We wrote about the calorie content of dry food in the article above. And we bring to your attention a table with indicators of energy that this or that dog spends on a daily basis.
How much water does a dog need per day
To answer this question, one must remember: there are 40 ml of liquid per 1 kg of an adult animal (under normal, non-extreme conditions). In puppies, this figure is 2-3 times higher, but with the stage of growing up, the need for abundant drinking will also decrease.
The size of the dog also affects how much water it needs. For example, the smaller the dog, the more he will be thirsty.
Planned physical activity is also a reason to take a bottle of fresh water with you in reserve.
What is the relationship between the class of feed and its consumption
The dog owner should know how to properly feed his pet with dry food. There are many different factors to consider and remember that there is no single rule. Even dogs of the same breed require different amounts of food.
A variety of dry food allows you to choose the one that suits your pet best.
The feed rate directly depends on its category. A cheap product has an average composition, there are few useful substances in it, it will be digested faster, accordingly, the dog needs to be given a larger portion so that it does not remain hungry.
expensive food contains more nutrients and satiates faster. As a result, the dog feels full for a longer time, a small portion is enough for him to saturate.
For your information! expensive foods have a better effect on the dog’s body, especially during adolescence.
Premium food contains small amounts of vitamins and minerals. The product also contains some proteins (about 20%), which are produced from offal and meat waste. The composition contains a large amount of corn and other grains. The average energy value of such feed does not exceed 350 calories per 100 g. If necessary, you will need to add additional nutrients to the pet’s diet.
How much are you feeding How to measure your pet’s food
Feed classes and their energy value
Before choosing a suitable dog food, it is worth understanding that there are several types that differ in calorie content, composition, nutritional value, and protein. When choosing, it is important to consider that the more high-calorie and nutritious the product, the lower the dosage should be.
Note! The most expensive foods tend to be high in calories, so a small amount is enough for the dog to get full.
The choice between dry food and natural food depends on the preferences of the owner
Feeding dry food depending on the size of the pet
Obviously, the rate of dry food for dogs of large and small breeds is different. It will be easy to calculate how much your pet will need. Choose your dog‘s weight and read the approximate calculation.
The cheapest and lowest quality feed. Its composition is poor. Mainly the feed mixture consists of cereals and corn.
The lack of meat is compensated by the presence of soy. Such food for a dog is not nutritious (calories range from 250-300 kcal) and not healthy.
In order for the animal to still receive all the elements necessary for its vital activity, add additional mineral and vitamin supplements to the pet’s menu.