home Article How much fish should be fed per day

How much fish should be fed per day

Fish feeding methods

  • Herbivores. These fish have a long digestive system, which indicates a habit of often eating small portions. In their natural environment, they eat algae, plants, fruits and seeds.
  • Carnivores. have a large stomach, so they eat a lot, but not as often as herbivores. In nature, these fish eat dead animals, small fish, insects, invertebrates, birds, amphibians.
  • Omnivores. the diet of these fish several times a day, they prefer both plant and protein foods.

See How to Prepare Plant Food for Aquarium Fish.

Live food should be given to carnivorous and omnivorous fish. These are bloodworms, tubifex, daphnia, cortetra, infusoria, rotifers, gammarus. They must be stored in the freezer, they deteriorate quickly. Fish fry must be raised on live food, due to the protein they become resistant to diseases. Also, as live food, the fish are served veal heart, minced fish, minced meat and chicken liver, invertebrate meat, chicken eggs. Vegetable food is necessary for herbivorous and omnivorous fish. it can be vegetables, fruits, algae, plants, cereals.

Once a week, the fish are given a fasting day, or a mini-hunger strike. It cleanses the intestines, eliminates the effects of overeating, and helps to heal sick fish. In the natural environment, fish are able to live a long time without food, so a one-day hunger strike will not harm them.

How many times a day do you need to feed the fish

About captive feeding mode

You need to feed the fish so that they do not overeat and are saturated with food. The diet directly depends on the age of the pet and the characteristics of its digestive system. Adults usually eat 2 times a day, this is quite enough for them. Fry 1-2 months old should be fed 4 times a day. And fry up to one month old need food every 3-6 hours. During the spawning period, it is correct to give the fish less food, sometimes not feeding the first few days after breeding. Two weeks before spawning, on the contrary, it is correct for producers to give more live food.

much, fish

No matter how many fish you keep, you need to feed them all at the same time. Start in the morning, one hour after turning on the lights. The last feeding should take place 2 hours before the lights are turned off. The question for novice aquarists is how much food is right to feed, and how often? Give enough food for them to eat in 5 minutes. Do not feed often, but in small portions so that they swallow them completely. Leftover leftovers can be removed with a net to avoid decay.

The food grains depend on the age and size of the fish. Juveniles should eat food that does not exceed the size of their eyes. It is recommended to grind dry food in the form of granules, flakes and tablets into dust. Adult fish like to capture larger food particles, they do not eat dust. To make all residents of a home reservoir happy with feeding, install special feeders for dry and live food in the tank. Food does not pour out of them, and pets can eat it safely.

See how to properly feed aquarium fish with dry food.

How to properly feed aquarium fish

In order to understand how many times a day you need to feed aquarium fish, you should understand the peculiarities of their nutrition in their natural habitat. All types of fish borrowed taste preferences and diet from their natural ancestors. What all fish usually eat?

How to feed your fish

There are general feeding rules for all fish, which must be adhered to at all times:

How much to feed your fish? #How to feed and what to feed your fish

  • Correctly feed the fish with the food that is right for them, take into account the physiological characteristics of all species living in the general aquarium.
  • Don’t overfeed your pets. don’t feed too often, in small portions.
  • For aquarium fish, the best nutrition is a variety of foods.
  • No matter how much food you put in the tank, remove the leftovers after a meal.
  • The number of meals should be appropriate for the size and age of the fish.
  • Do not feed the fish immediately after turning on the lights, or before going to bed.
  • The diet of aquarium fish should contain natural food, and not only artificial, purchased.

Various fish feeding. recipe for success

Aquarium fish

What happens if you underfeed?

It is believed that a healthy adult fish can go without food for up to several weeks. However, experimenting is not worth it, it threatens with unpleasant consequences. From rare and scanty feeding, fish lose weight, their abdomens become sunken, their backs dry out. Everything can end with the fact that larger individuals will begin to attack smaller ones and simply eat them.

The only exception for systematic feeding can be the spawning period. The diet of the fish at this time should look like this: two weeks before spawning, they must be well fed, especially with food of living origin, but during the spawning period, the amount of food can be reduced. Experienced aquarists do not feed them at all for several days.

What happens if you overfeed?

Under natural conditions, a fish should make a lot of effort to fill its stomach. In an artificial reservoir, including in an aquarium, abundant food comes systematically, the fish does not have to spend time and effort searching for it.

As a result, the fish, by nature a rather gluttonous creature, tries to eat all the food, and, as a result, begins to suffer from obesity, this disease immediately entails another. infertility. The final can be even more deplorable: the fish can die from the fact that their stomachs cannot digest a large amount of food eaten.

In addition, when overfeeding, the remains of the food fall to the bottom of the aquarium, into the soil, and, decomposing, spoil the water: it becomes cloudy due to the rapid multiplication of microorganisms and turns into an ideal environment for various infections. Also, during the decomposition of microorganisms in water, oxygen is absorbed, and ammonia and nitrates are released, which can poison fish and plants.

How the number of times depends on age?

The amount of food directly depends on the age of the inhabitants of the aquarium: if one or two feedings per day are enough for adult sexually mature individuals, then for fry (immature fish). much more.

Since the young need a lot of energy for growth, the amount of food required should be about 15% of the total body weight of the fry. In other words, fry up to one month old are usually fed 1 time in 3. 5 hours, 1. 2 months old. 4. 5 times a day. Fasting days are contraindicated for them.

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Does the frequency depend on the type of feed?

Fish food should contain proteins necessary for the normal course of all life processes, fats and carbohydrates, which are source of energy, minerals for the skeletal system and vitamins for the normal functioning of the body. Such a combination of useful elements and substances can only be provided by a balanced and varied diet.

There are several types of food: dry, frozen, live, vegetable. Experienced aquarists strongly recommend combining and alternating them to keep your fish healthy, vigorous and active. The frequency of feeding remains the same: 1. 2 times a day, regardless of the type of feed. But in any case, feeding should be served in portions, that is, as the previous portion of feed is consumed.

How often to feed?

So how many times a day should the fish be fed to keep them healthy and live in the aquarium for a long time? The standard feeding scheme says: there should be as much food as the fish can eat in 3 to 5 minutes. A normal portion of food for an adult is 2. 5% of its total body weight. As for the frequency of feeding, experienced aquarists believe: 1-2 feedings per day are enough.

Once a week, it is recommended to do a fasting day for the fish: do not feed them for a day so that their stomachs can be cleared of undigested food debris. But such a shake-up should not coincide with any other stressful event: cleaning the aquarium, changing water, etc.

Why you need to make a schedule?

Before pouring food into the aquarium, you should give the fish a conditioned signal, for example, lightly knock on the wall of the container. After a while, the fish, having heard the signal, will gather at the feeding place even before the moment the food arrives, and their stomach will begin to produce the necessary enzymes in advance, which are necessary for the complete digestion of food.

Feeding should be done in the morning, 15 minutes after turning on the backlight, or / and in the evening 3 to 4 hours before bedtime. For fish that are nocturnal, food is filled up, as a rule, once a day under the light of a blue lamp, when all daytime fish have already gone to sleep.

As mentioned above, fish nutrition should be balanced and varied. Therefore, an approximate feeding scheme might look like this:

  • Monday. dry food, once a day.
  • Tuesday. dry food of a different kind, once a day.
  • Wednesday. live food, once a day.
  • Thursday. dry food one time.
  • Friday. dry food of a different kind, 2 times a day.
  • Saturday. live and vegetable food.
  • Sunday. fasting day.

Every hobbyist should use common sense and common sense in scheduling feeding. The proposed scheme is only advisory in nature.

The health of the fish in the aquarium depends on their nutrition! How many times a day do they need to be fed?

Inexperienced aquarists are constantly tormented by doubts: how to feed the fish, the better, when and how much, and whether there is enough food?

In fact, the issue of nutrition for aquarium fish is very important, but, at the same time, it is absolutely simple. You just need to carefully study the main recommendations and systematically adhere to them.

Feeding the fish is a vital issue, the health and life of the inhabitants of the aquarium depends on the quantity and quality of food. And this issue should be approached responsibly, so as not to harm all living things in your “reservoir”.

How and how many times a day to feed aquarium fish

Feeding your fish is an important part of caring for your aquarium inhabitants. Novice aquarists do not always have a good understanding of what, how much and how often to feed the fish in the aquarium. At the same time, the use of unsuitable feed, too frequent or too rare feeding can not only harm the fish, but also worsen the water condition in the home pond. Therefore, before you start certain types of fish, you should carefully study the information regarding their nutrition in captivity.

Feeding fish according to age

If 1-2 feeds per day are enough for adults, then the fry need to be given food much more often. Fish juveniles grow rapidly, which requires a constant supply of nutrients to the body. Fasting leads to stunting and cannibalism. In this regard, fry are fed 4-6 times a day until they reach two months of age. Food particles should not be larger than the eye of the fry. Fasting days for young animals are not suitable. As they grow older, fish should be fed less often.

Alternating feed

In nature, fish eat a variety of foods, due to which all the nutrients necessary for normal life are supplied to their body. What aquarium fish eat at home depends entirely on their owner. Ideally, all available feed types should be included in the diet. The basis can be dry or branded mixtures. Other types are administered periodically, 1-2 times a week. Protein, live or frozen foods should be fed regularly, but not every day, and herbal supplements should be offered from time to time. For one feeding, fish are given only one type of food.

Types of feed

You can feed aquarium fish with the following types of food:

Which of these foods to give your fish depends on their species. For obligate predators, live, frozen, protein, and sometimes dry and branded food are used. For herbivorous aquatic organisms, plant foods and proprietary mixtures are suitable. Fry are usually raised on dry, branded and live feed of suitable size.

Most popular domestic fish species are omnivores, so you can alternate between feeding them all of these types of food. The basis of the diet should be branded or dry food; other types are given from time to time (for example, 2 times a week).


Most aquarium fish tend to eat all available food and are always on the lookout for food. The novice aquarist may confuse increased activity with hunger and overfeed them. In fact, you need to feed aquarium fish in such portions that all the food is eaten in 3-5 minutes. Feeding large amounts of food leads to overeating, which results in obesity, infertility, and digestive problems. In addition, uneaten and uncleaned feed particles decompose and pollute the water.


It is believed that healthy adult fish can go without food for up to several days or even weeks, but in practice, such experiments can lead to negative consequences. With insufficient feeding, the fish in the aquarium lose weight, and their color becomes dull. In animals, immunity decreases, they become more susceptible to infections. Poor feeding before breeding season can lead to fish refusing to breed. Larger specimens begin to attack smaller ones, leave wounds or eat them entirely.

Ways of feeding fish

How you feed your fish depends on the structure of their body, in particular, on the location of the mouth. In this regard, there are 3 ways of feeding fish:

  • Surface. Fish living in the upper layers of the water prefer to take food from its surface. Their mouth is directed upwards. They feed them with such feed that does not sink for a long time.
  • In the water column. These fish are best at eating the food in front of them. They are given food that sinks slowly and is suspended for a long time.
  • Donny. In bottom fish, the mouth is directed downward, and it is most convenient for them to collect food from the surface of the ground. They are fed heavy pills and granules.
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How, what and how much to feed goldfish?

Goldfish are extremely playful, cheerful and voracious creatures. They quickly get used to the person of their breadwinner and when he approaches the aquarium, they begin to jump out of the water with hungry eyes and spank with sponges. This behavior of pets can be repeated 10 times a day, but this does not mean at all that goldfish are hungry all this time. It’s just a reflex. It is necessary to feed goldfish 2-3 times a day, with a couple of pinches of food. This is quite enough for their normal growth and development.

While feeding your goldfish can be a lot of fun, don’t overuse it. The fish lacks a sense of satiety. Don’t forget about it. So don’t overdo it.

Please do not feed them all kinds of bloodworms, worms, all sorts of homemade minced meat with rolled oats, etc. Goldfish. these are phytophages. Their digestive tract is very long, it is not able to digest protein foods normally. Which in turn provokes problems with the gastrointestinal tract: inflammation, internal bacterial infection. The latter are extremely difficult to treat. Their diet should consist of 70% plant foods, 30% protein.

In our opinion, the best food for goldfish. This is a duckweed specialized feed. But the problem is that even two young little goldfinches will gobble up duckweed for a couple of times. A separate aquarium is needed ibn a vessel for growing it in large quantities. What you yourself understand is difficult and troublesome.

The way out of the situation can be food from our table. lettuce leaves, spinach. But goldfish eat them less willingly, the salad hangs in the aquarium for a long time and, for obvious reasons, it is not worth keeping it that way.

It is most ergonomic to use specialized food for goldfish. For example, use feed from the Tetra GoldFish series. Please note that they are all different. focusing on different ingredients. We would recommend doing a mix at all. use TetraGoldfish Granules as a base feed and TetraPhyll Granules as an additional vegetable feed. The thing is that TetraPhyll. 100% vegetable feed. And by alternating these foods, you will provide your pets with a balanced diet for 100500 percent.

The feeding regime for goldfish also has its own peculiarities. Most tropical aquarium fish can easily be fed once a day. It is better to feed gold more often 2-3 times a day, but in small portions. Again, this recommendation rests on the specifics of the digestive system of these fish.

As you know, duckweed and Riccia grows very quickly and does not require special conditions for keeping. In a week, it will grow to a scale sufficient to feed a pair of young scrofula. Duckweed should be bred in a separate aquarium and transferred to goldfish.

2-3 times a week. That’s actually all you need.

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Today, Tetra alone produces 13 types of food for goldfish, which indicates the great popularity of these fish. Let’s take a closer look at the Tetra norm.

High quality balanced nutritious food for all types of goldfish.

Tetra Goldfish Pro has a high nutritional value due to low temperature manufacturing technology.

Optimized protein to fat ratio ensures better absorption of nutrients and guarantees an improved digestive process.

Has a reduced level of water pollution, as a result, a decrease in algae growth and water purity.

BioActive’s proprietary formula. stimulates a healthy immune system and ensures a long life span.

Nutritious flakes suitable for all types of goldfish.

How much fish is too much due to the mercury?

Contains all essential nutrients and trace elements to improve health, vitality and color richness.

BioActive’s proprietary formula. stimulates a healthy immune system and ensures a long life span.

And the formula is Clean Clear Water. improves the digestibility of feed and reduces the amount of fish excrement, which keeps the water clean and transparent.

It is very convenient to feed the fish thanks to the special lid for precise dosage.

Balanced feed suitable for all types of goldfish. to improve coloration.

Offers a varied diet, achieved through an optimally matched composition of flakes with high natural color enhancers to bring out the beauty of your fish.

This type of food contains all the necessary nutrients and trace elements to improve health and vitality.

BioActive’s proprietary formula. stimulates a healthy immune system and ensures a long life span.

And the formula is Clean Clear Water. improves the digestibility of feed and reduces the amount of fish excrement, which keeps the water clean and transparent.

Nutrient sticks for all types of goldfish.

These floating sticks will not only improve the health of your fish, but also increase your resistance to disease.

Ensure the consumption of an optimal amount of fat, which is easily absorbed by the body and serves as a reserve source of energy. Easy to digest.

Tetra Goldfish Color Sticks

Food crumb developed with the new BioActive formula for all types of goldfish.

Floating small granules with a high m of algae (spirulina) provide a rich natural color of fish and increase the body’s resistance to disease.

Perfectly absorbed due to the complete plant composition.

Tetra Goldfish Granules

Floating pellets for all types of goldfish.

The pellets are completely eaten by the fish and provide complete nutrition.

BioActive’s proprietary formula. stimulates a healthy immune system and ensures a long life span.

Tetra Goldfish Menu

Balanced food for all goldfish.

The package contains 4 different foods in one can: chips with high nutritional value; granules for good coloring; flakes for biologically balanced nutrition; daphnia as a delicacy for

varied nutrition. Easy to dose.

Compact sticks for all types of goldfish.

The food sticks are easy to dose and last for 9 days! High in vital minerals and proteins and a unique manufacturing process. allows you to get a hard feed that does not contain difficult-to-digest astringent substances and does not degrade water quality indicators.

Holiday food for all types of goldfish.

Healthy eating for 14 days. The patented formula contains Daphnia, essential vitamins, trace elements and minerals. Does not muddy water, easy to dose.

Special premium food, 4 types

Tetra Goldfish Gold Exotic

Premium food for all types of goldfish with high quality protein, supports growth and promotes fish health.

BioActive’s proprietary formula. stimulates a healthy immune system and ensures a long life span.

And the formula is Clean Clear Water. improves the digestibility of feed and reduces the amount of fish excrement, which keeps the water clean and transparent.

Possesses excellent digestibility at both high and low temperatures.

Perfect high quality nutrition to keep your fish in perfect shape.

The pellets soften quickly, so the fish can easily eat them.

Tetra GoldfishGold Growth

Premium food for all types of goldfish with high quality protein, supports growth and promotes fish health.

Essential nutrients and special ingredients ensure good absorption.

BioActive’s proprietary formula. stimulates a healthy immune system and ensures a long life span.

And the formula is Clean Clear Water. improves the digestibility of feed and reduces the amount of fish excrement, which keeps the water clean and transparent.

Perfect high quality nutrition to keep your fish in perfect shape.

The pellets soften quickly, so the fish can easily eat them.

Tetra Goldfish Gold Color

Premium food for all types of goldfish, with m carotenoids, spirulina algae and other color enhancers, allowing you to take care of the beautiful appearance of fish.

BioActive’s proprietary formula. stimulates a healthy immune system and ensures a long life span.

And the formula is Clean Clear Water. improves the digestibility of feed and reduces the amount of fish excrement, which keeps the water clean and transparent.

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Perfect high quality nutrition to keep your fish in perfect shape.

The pellets soften quickly, so the fish can easily eat them.

Tetra GoldfishGold Japan

Premium pellet food for all breeding goldfish.

The pelleted feed softens quickly in water and provides a complete and varied fish nutrition.

Takes care of the balanced nutrition of all types of Japanese goldfish: Oranda, Lionhead, Lelescopes, Riukina, Vualekhvostov, etc.

Small sticks in shape easily sink to the bottom, which makes it easy for Japanese goldfish to look for food at the bottom for the sake of habit.

The food is rich in plant proteins for optimal digestion and carotenoids that enhance the natural color of fish.

How much to feed aquarium fish?

One of the most important question for any living creature on the planet is the question of food. Alas, for some reason, in most cases, in relation to aquarium fish, people forget about this and believe that pouring a pinch of daphnia or other food on them, this will be enough for their normal existence. However, it is not!

The diet of any pet should be varied and correct.

For example, for cats and dogs, people buy dry food, meat, chicken and milk with sour cream. over, they provide vitamins and other supplements. The same should be true for aquarium pets. Their diet must be balanced.

Various fish feeding. recipe for success

Flakes, plates (for feeding fish floating on the surface and in the water column)

Tablets (sinking food for catfish and other bottom fish)

Secondly, when feeding aquarium fish, do not forget about vitamins, which are used as feed additives.
Vitamin A is essential for cell growth, especially for fry and juveniles. Deficiency of this vitamin leads to stunted growth and curvature of the back and fins. Vitamin A also reduces stress.
Vitamin D3. participates in the development of the skeletal system.
Vitamin E. is essential for the reproductive system of fish. Vitamins A and E are used together because they are ineffective without each other.
B vitamins (B1, thiamine, B2, riboflavin, B12). normalize fish metabolism.
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid). forms teeth and bones, participates in metabolism.
Vitamin H (biotin). needed for cell development.
Vitamin M. the lack of folic acid is expressed in the darkening of the color of the fish, they become lethargic.
Vitamin K is needed for the circulatory system.
Choline. needed for normal growth, and also regulates blood sugar.

As a recommendation, you can recommend the following products:
Sera fishtamin is an emulsified multi-vitamin preparation for strengthening fish during and after diseases, after settling in a new aquarium, during breeding and for enriching fish feed with vitamins. sera fishtamin is also suitable for strengthening pond fish before and after hibernation.
Can be added directly to aquarium water. However, it is best to add 6-7 drops per fish to the feed a few minutes before feeding.
1. During illness and after recovery of the fish, it is necessary to add Fishtamine daily directly to the aquarium at the rate of 6-7 drops per 50 liters of water. It is advisable to turn off the aquarium lighting.
2. After possible stress, such as transportation, placing fish in a crowded aquarium or in cases where incompatible fish species are in the same aquarium, as well as with each water change, it is necessary to add 4-6 drops of Fishamine to the feed. Fishtamine is added directly to the feed, which quickly absorbs the drug and can be used to feed your fish in a short period of time.
It is possible to add Fishtamine directly to the aquarium at the rate of 6-7 drops per 50 liters of water. At the same time, it is advisable to turn off the aquarium lighting.
3. After moving new fish into the aquarium, you must quickly add Fishtamine directly to the aquarium at the rate of: 6-7 drops per 50 liters of water.
4. For breeding purposes, it is necessary to add Fishtamine before the start of the spawning process and within ten days after the start of the process directly into the fish feed at the rate of 4-6 drops per 50 liters of water. It is necessary to wait a while until the drug is absorbed into the feed and then feed.
5. To improve the growth of fry, it is necessary to add Fishtamine directly to the Micron, Micropan, Microgran feed or to the brine shrimp solution once every two days, mix quickly and give the enriched feed to the fry. The daily dose of Fishtamine can range from one to five drops and depends on the feed volume and the number of fry.
6. To enrich frozen live food with vitamins, immediately before feeding, add Fishtamine to the food at the rate of three to four drops for each portion of the food after it is thawed. It is necessary to wait a while until the drug is absorbed into the feed and then feed.
7. To create optimal conditions for the existence of pond fish in late autumn, as long as the fish take food, and in early spring, as soon as the fish start to take food; for prophylaxis, as well as during the treatment of fish from viral diseases, it is necessary to add 10-12 drops of Fishtamine daily for three weeks directly to the feed of pond fish. It is necessary to wait a while until the drug is absorbed into the feed and then feed.
additives per ml:
Vitamin A 500 I.E.
Vitamin B1 2.00 mg
Vitamin B2 2.00 mg
Vitamin B6 2.00 mg
Vitamin B12 2.00 μg
Vitamin C 55.00 mg
Vitamin D3 100 I.E.
Vitamin E 5.00 mg
Vitamin K3 1.00 mg
Nicotinic acid 10.00 mg
Calcium pantothenate 5.00 mg
Folic acid 0.50 mg

Tetra Vital. provides fish with vitality and health, as well as natural color.
Tetra Vital contains essential vitamins, minerals and trace elements that are characteristic of the natural environment. Their quantity in the aquarium decreases over time, and tap water is not able to compensate for the losses. Thanks to Tetra Vital, it is possible to create an almost identical natural habitat for fish, where comfortable conditions and a brighter color will be provided for them.
– Natural B vitamins are used to improve the vitality of fish and fight stress
– Magnesium Promotes Wellness and Promotes Healthy Growth
– Panthenol takes care of the mucous membranes of fish
– Iodine contributes to the preparation of fish for spawning, as well as successful spawning.
– Vital micronutrients help to avoid the problems associated with their deficiency
– Promotes the growth of plants and microorganisms
– Suitable for all freshwater aquariums
To enhance the action of Tetra Vital, use Tetra AquaSafe.
Instructions for use. Shake well before use. Add 5 ml of Tetra Vital to 10 liters of aquarium water every 4 weeks. In case of severe stress, it is recommended to double the dose.
Third, the most important trick! This is the use of live and frozen feed.
Live food is a variety of mosquito larvae, small crustaceans and all kinds of worms that are used in feeding fish. The most popular of them are: bloodworms, brine shrimp, koretka, daphnia, tubifex, rotifer, gammarus.

Live food is a healthy and natural food for fish, providing them with all the necessary microelements. This food is recommended to be used in conjunction with other types of food and given 2 times a week.