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How much food does a dog eat per day

Methods for calculating the amount of feed

The way to calculate the amount of food for an adult dog depends on several facts. Key indicators are the calorie content of the feed and the activity of the pet. For calculations in the table, super-premium food is taken as a basis:

High degree of activity Low activity
up to 5 80 thirty
5-10 120 80
10–20 180 120
20-30 280 180
30-40 400 280
40-50 480 340
50-60 560 400
60-65 640 460

All food packages, regardless of the type, have a table with recommendations for calculating the daily food intake. The table contains several calculation options that include the weight and activity of the dog. Naturally, the given norms should be considered as a recommendation, and not an instruction for action.

The recommended daily feed rate should be adjusted based on the bottom line.

Important! Immediately after eating dry food, the dog does not feel full for 10-15 minutes. Upon contact with water, the granules actively absorb it, expand in volume and fill the stomach, which gives the dog a feeling of satiety.

QUESTION: How Much Does a Dog Eat a Day?

If your dog looks hungry 15–20 minutes after eating the food, the portion you calculated is too small. If after a similar period of time the dog becomes inactive, tries to lie down, suffers from excessive gas formation. the portion must be reduced.

much, food, does

The better the feed, the less it increases in size when wet.

Is it possible to mix dry food?

Most dry foods are ready-to-eat, nutrient-dense diets that a cat or dog can eat for a lifetime. Therefore, if

Adult

An adult dog is fed twice a day. in the morning and in the evening. It is necessary to observe a strict interval between meals. 12 hours. and not to shift it in any case. The regime can be broken if fasting is needed before tests or surgery.

For pregnant females, the frequency of feeding is increased only in extreme cases. usually there is enough increase in the size of the portion.

Adult dogs are fed three to six times a day if they are on a diet to treat a serious medical condition. When the pet’s well-being improves, it is transferred to the usual two meals a day.

How to measure the right weight

It is definitely not possible to measure dry food without scales. Therefore, if you want to know the ideal exact amount of feed, you will have to purchase a kitchen scale.

Manufacturers of some expensive feeds put special measuring cups into the pack, with which you can pour the desired portion. However, it is worth remembering that such a container is designed only for this brand, because all dry products have granules of different density, size and weight.

If you count only roughly, feed can be poured into a 100 ml cup. you get about 240-250 grams. When buying feed by weight, you can ask the seller to divide the product into several parts equal to the daily feed rate. And at home, you can simply divide them in half: for breakfast and dinner.

Soaking feed

If the manufacturer does not indicate any restrictions on soaking the feed and this information is not on the packaging, the pellets can be soaked. It is especially useful for older dogs, sick individuals and puppies up to three months old.

To do this, pour the granules half or a third with unboiled drinking water heated to about 40 ° C. Boiled milk is sometimes added to the puppy.

Soaked feed is not stored for a long time. a maximum of three hours. It is dangerous to use it after a longer storage, as it sour very quickly. Regardless of whether the dog eats dry food or soaked. its rate is the same.

Why is the animal malnourished or overeating?

Often, incorrect calculations of the amount of food for dogs lead to the fact that the pet receives less or more than the norm. If a dog is constantly begging for goodies, this does not always mean that he is hungry. It is worth taking a close look at the dog’s behavior.

  • after eating, he does not want to leave the bowl;
  • he has clearly visible ribs, edges of the shoulder blades and pelvic bones, with the exception of greyhounds;
  • thin layer of fat;
  • hungry fossa (depression on the sides just behind the ribs, in front of the pelvic bone) is quite noticeable.

If the dog does not eat up regularly, it will begin to lose weight, an increased shedding will appear, the coat will lose its shine, the pet will constantly be near its bowl or try to grab something somewhere (the instinct to feed itself will begin to work).

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By these signs, you can understand that the dog lacks nutrition and nutrients, so it is recommended to increase the portion. However, this should be done gradually, without adding a lot of feed at once. Before that, you need to make sure that the dog is not infected with helminths.

If the pet does not eat up the entire portion, leaves it in a bowl, and the presence of fat becomes quite noticeable on it, then it is worthwhile to slightly reduce the amount of food. After feeding, the bowl can remain in place for another 15 minutes. Then it should be removed and not given anything to the dog until the next feed.

It is necessary to select such a portion size so that the animal has enough energy for normal life, but to exclude overeating with obesity and hunger with exhaustion. The dog can be weighed from time to time.

The issue of feeding is extremely important for any living creature. A dog that is properly fed and not overfed can live a full and long life while maintaining excellent health.

Diet depending on age and weight

Feeding should take place at the same time of day, at regular intervals of at least 3 hours, lengthening as the puppy matures. He is accustomed to a set schedule. This option is most favorable for the work of the canine digestive system.

Age / month. Number of feedings Breaks / h.
daytime night
0-1 7-8 3 3-6
1-2 7 3 6
2-3 5-6 3-4 nine
3-6 four five nine
6-12 3 7 10
12 and more 2 12 12

You should think about the daily routine of the puppy in advance, taking into account the periodic changes in the number of meals and observe the selected feeding time. The pet needs more than an hour to rest before and after meals. You can not arrange active games immediately, as soon as he is satiated. physical activity is fraught with intestinal cramps and other digestive problems.

Feeding should take place in a calm environment.

Short walks are allowed so that the baby can relieve natural needs.

Interesting: Puppy diet depending on age

A clean bowl of dry food should be kept in an accessible place only during meals. Care must be taken that the puppy is not disturbed, distracting him from the bowl of food, children and other pets. The remaining feed is removed, which means that the portion was too large. If the baby refuses to eat, you should monitor his health. This happens in the heat, but it can be a sign of ailment.

Protein

Despite the fact that dogs need protein 3 times less than cats, they also cannot live without it. Protein is source of essential amino acids, which are involved not only in metabolic processes, but are also the structural material of many body tissues. The average protein requirement for an adult dog is 4.5 g / kg of body weight, for growing, pregnant and breeding males. up to 9 g / kg. Lack of protein is just as dangerous as excess. With a deficiency, muscle weakness develops, a painful emaciated look appears, puppies lag behind in development, anemia may develop against the background of a lack of hemoglobin, and the enzymatic functions of the liver are disrupted. Excess protein leads to renal pathologies and hepatic intoxication against the background of blood oversaturation with protein breakdown products.

source: meat (main source), fish (slightly), dairy products.

For the dog, it is an actual source of energy as well as a catalyst for the normal secretory function of the digestive glands. The concept itself includes fatty acids (unsaturated and saturated), pigments, fat-soluble vitamins, sterols, etc. The average fat requirement in an adult dog is 1.3 g / kg of live weight, in puppies. 2.4-2.7 g / kg. Incorrect and / or insufficient intake of fats very often provokes vitamin deficiencies and dermatological pathologies (peeling, dandruff, hyperkeratosis, tousled coat and shedding, exacerbation of allergic reactions, etc.).

source: animal and vegetable (to a small extent) fats.

Constantly food on the plate. yes or no

Definitely not! Rarely does a dog have a sense of proportion, in general, dogs eat exactly as much as they will have in a bowl. Even if you are lucky and your dog can move away from the food trough, as soon as he is full, he will return to him a little later and finish the rest, even without feeling hungry.

Several recipes for natural dog food:

  • Beef cheeks, meat cuts (except pork), kaltyk and / or heart, rice (or buckwheat), carrots, herbs, pumpkin, zucchini, 10-15 ml of fish oil or vegetable oil. Everything is cooked, cut into pieces, mixed, seasoned with fish oil or oil. Vegetables can not be boiled, but slightly scalded with boiling water so that they do not lose their vitamin and mineral properties.
  • Saltwater fish (pollock, for example, or 1-5 cod), non-watery vegetables and any greens (except onions and garlic). The fish is boiled, bones are removed, vegetables are finely chopped (you can fresh, you can boil. make a decision on the tolerance of the animal), everything is mixed and slightly moistened with fish broth.
  • Cottage cheese 0%, kefir (or low-fat sour cream), one raw chicken egg (or 2-3 quail eggs), vegetables (carrots, pumpkin). The curd is mixed with vegetables (fresh or boiled), and together with the rest of the ingredients is laid out in a dog’s bowl. You don’t need to mix. It is great to mix cottage cheese with cereals. rice or buckwheat.
  • Sometimes, as a “tasty treat”, you can give large beef moss with cartilage.
  • Poultry, buckwheat (or rice groats), carrots. The chicken is boiled, cut into pieces or ground into minced meat (if the dog is small), mixed with porridge and grated carrots.
  • Liver-apple-carrot cookies (delicacy): the liver and apple are crushed in a blender, finely grated carrots, egg, flour (even bone flour can be added). The resulting mass is poured onto a baking sheet covered with parchment paper and baked until a golden hue of the layer appears (this is about 25-35 minutes). Then the layer is cooled down, cut in portions (or broken).
  • If you dry the beef liver cut into pieces (1×1 cm) in the oven, then the resulting product can be used both as a delicacy and as a reward at the time of training.
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The nutritional value of offal is significantly lower than that of natural meat products, so they can be given no more than 2-3 times a week and the volume in one serving for feeding should be slightly more than meat.

Carbohydrates

This includes sugar, starch and fiber. The optimal carbohydrate requirement for an adult dog is 10 g / kg, of which 1 g / kg is fiber. In puppies, this requirement is 15.3 g / kg and fiber. 1.5 g / kg. Keeping these nutrients in balance is very important because deficiency leads to obvious exhaustion, excess leads to obesity. The ratio with fats is inversely proportional. the more carbohydrates in the diet, the less fat you need to put in. And vice versa. Carbohydrates usually account for up to 70% of the total calorie intake. With normal consumption of sugars and starch, the body receives the necessary glucose. And fiber stimulates the proper functioning of the intestines, biliary tract, and also helps to remove excess cholesterol.

source: porridge (rice, buckwheat), bran. Vegetables are also source of fiber.

What is the relationship between the class of feed and its consumption?

Vitamins and minerals

Every living organism needs vitamins and minerals. When feeding with high-grade, expensive deluxe and holistic food, there is no need for additional feeding with them. Also, the dog does not really need all this, which is on a full and varied natural feeding. some of the substances in sufficient quantities come from the outside, some are produced in the body (for example, vitamin A from beta-carotene). In case of unbalanced and / or monotonous feeding, additional vitamins and mineral supplements will have to be given. It is best not to do this without consulting your veterinarian. complexes are both general and specific, aimed at normalizing the function of something (for example, to improve the condition of the skin).

Natural food

With natural nutrition, the dog needs the following amount of natural food for each kg of body weight every day:

  • 20-40 g conditionally dry;
  • 30-40 g wet with sufficient m of water;
  • 35-40 g fiber.

If it is a stud dog, a pregnant bitch or a service dog that performs increased physical activity every day and spends a lot of energy, then the amount of feed can be increased. The main thing is to monitor the weight of the animal and fatness.

How much food a healthy dog ​​needs, the table will roughly guide. Of course, the indicators are conditional. Total natural food intake will depend on the dog’s age, breed and size, and physiological condition (g):

The diet of the puppies will vary slightly. In addition, there is a difference in how much to feed a monthly puppy or a one-year-old, and also taking into account the breed characteristics:

Product name Age of puppies (months)
1-2 2-4 4-6 6-12
Medium-bodied meat or fish 200 (meat only) 300 (meat only) 400 (meat and fish) 500 (meat and fish)
Groats 200 300 400 500
Vegetables 100 100 100 200
Milk 500 500
Chicken eggs 1 yolk per week 1 egg per week 1 egg per week
Liquid sour milk 30-50 50-100
Fish fat twenty twenty twenty thirty
Meat and bone meal 10 twenty twenty fifty
Salt 10 10-15 fifteen fifteen
Number of feedings per day 6 five four 3
Approximate total feed volume per serving (kg) 0.25-0.5 0.5-1 1-2 2-3

The most important rule when drawing up a diet: meat products in the diet should be 50-70%, everything else is fiber, cereals, vegetables.

With a natural diet, the dog will most likely need additional minerals and vitamins. The name of drugs, courses of administration and dosages are calculated by the veterinarian individually for each individual!

How to measure the right weight

It is definitely not possible to measure dry food without scales. Therefore, if you want to know the ideal exact amount of feed, you will have to purchase a kitchen scale.

Manufacturers of some expensive feeds put special measuring cups into the pack, with which you can pour the desired portion. However, it is worth remembering that such a container is designed only for this brand, because all dry products have granules of different density, size and weight.

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If you count only roughly, feed can be poured into a 100 ml cup. you get about 240-250 grams. When buying feed by weight, you can ask the seller to divide the product into several parts equal to the daily feed rate. And at home, you can simply divide them in half: for breakfast and dinner.

Adults of small breeds

The daily allowance for adult small breeds (weighing up to 15 kg) is 300-400 g of feed, if we are talking about the economy class, and 150-300 g, if you give your pet a premium or holistic.

Amount of feed at normal activity (grams per day)

Amount of feed at high activity (grams per day)

For dogs whose weight starts from 10 kg, with good walking and games, 150-170 g are required, for their less active relatives. 120-150 g. Further, the norm of one serving increases by 100 g for every 10 kg. That is, if an animal weighs 20 kg, it needs 250-270 grams of food per day, 30 kg. 350-370 g, etc.

Soaking feed

If the manufacturer does not indicate any restrictions on soaking the feed and this information is not on the packaging, the pellets can be soaked. It is especially useful for older dogs, sick individuals and puppies up to three months old.

To do this, pour the granules half or a third with unboiled drinking water heated to about 40 ° C. Boiled milk is sometimes added to the puppy.

Soaked feed is not stored for a long time. a maximum of three hours. It is dangerous to use it after a longer storage, as it sour very quickly. Regardless of whether the dog eats dry food or soaked. its rate is the same.

How to determine the mass of a portion

How to calculate the amount of food for a dog: you need to divide the daily amount by the number of feedings, for adult animals this number is two. The amount of feed per 1 kg of body weight per day for an adult dog depends on the breed, weight and calorie content of the feed (see above).

Nutrition 101: How Much Food Should I Feed My Adult Dog?

Active animals, service dogs or athletes need special consideration, as well as pregnant and lactating animals. Add about 1/3 of the serving for working dogs and 1/4 for pregnant and lactating dogs to the usual dosage of dry dog ​​food. If the dog is elderly and inactive, the portion should be reduced by about 1/3.

Drinking regime with “dry feeding

If the animal feeds only on dry foods, then the calculation of the required daily amount of liquid is done according to the formula: 50 ml of water per kg of body weight.

Of course, you don’t need to water your dog at regular intervals. She must have a free approach to the drinker and satisfy her needs herself. And the needs may differ depending on numerous conditions: age, physical activity, season, etc.

The water should always be clean. it should be changed every few hours. If this is not possible, a special autodrinker for dogs will come to the rescue. Do not use boiled water: the best option would be filtered or bottled water without gas. Raw water is strictly prohibited.

What determines the size of the daily portion

Despite the fact that every second dog eats dry food, not all owners know how to correctly calculate the amount of dry food for their pet. Competent calculation of a single serving is important for the health of the animal, since overfeeding can cause obesity, and being overweight, in turn, will lead to other serious problems.

The food packaging usually contains the recommended daily allowances for a particular product. Quite often, they are significantly overestimated, since the producers are simply not able to take into account all the features of your pet. Therefore, inexperienced dog breeders often consult with dog handlers and veterinarians.

How much dry food a dog needs per day depends on the following factors:

lifestyle (where the pet lives, how many times it walks, the presence of physical activity);

physiological state (pregnancy or lactation, recovery from illness or surgery, and others);

health status (presence of chronic diseases).

Thus, it is necessary to collect all the individual information about the animal before calculating its daily food intake. It is better if the dry food is selected by the owner in conjunction with the veterinarian. Remember. under no circumstances should you overfeed the animal. It is perfectly normal for a dog to feel hungry during the day, which means he will have a good dinner. Excessive satiety only harms four-legged.

In general, the average daily rate of dry food for adult animals, depending on weight and physical activity, can range from 200 to 900 g per day. In this case, you need to feed the dog 2 times a day. The nutrition of puppies is built according to a slightly different scheme. they are fed more often, dividing the daily portion into 3-6 meals.

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