The number of feedings depending on the age of the dog
|Up to 3-4 weeks||Puppies are not weaned from their mother, they feed on breast milk as much as they want.|
|From 3-4 weeks||Puppies begin to get used to solid food, they are fed 5 times a day every 3-4 hours, and large breed puppies are fed 4 times a day.|
|From 2 months||3-4 times a day|
|From 3 to 6 months||3 times a day|
|From 6 months||2 times a day|
|From 12 months||1-2 times a day|
It is enough to feed adult dogs 1-2 times a day. For example, a large breed dog needs up to 1 kilogram of food per day, but it is advisable to divide this amount into two parts and feed the pet twice a day. A medium sized dog can be fed once a day.
If a meal was skipped for any reason, then you cannot increase the next portion. The pet will not die of hunger, but it can easily overeat.
How many times a day to feed the dog
The number of feedings depends on the age of the animal, as well as the total amount of feed. The norm is calculated individually for each dog, there are only general recommendations that can be guided by, but no one except the owner can say exactly how much food a dog needs. The animal should not independently decide when and how much to eat. Free feeding is unacceptable, because it threatens obesity, fastidiousness.
It is better to feed according to the schedule, for example, give 2/3 of the daily allowance in the morning, and the rest in the evening. By the way, dogs tend to sleep after eating and, knowing this feature, you can use it. If the pet is left at home alone while the owner is at work, then having eaten a large portion in the morning, the animal will probably devote most of the day to sleep.
How much dry food to give the dog
Difficulties with determining the daily volume of dry food should not arise, because the packaging usually contains a table where the feeding rates are indicated depending on the weight and age of the animal. However, some dogs require more or less food depending on their lifestyle, for example, inactive dogs have a smaller portion, and sports dogs. increase. Elderly dogs, as well as animals prone to obesity, need to reduce the amount of food. But you should start feeding with dry food exactly from the specified rate, and then, observing the pet, determine the required volume of the daily portion.
The amount of dry food depends on its class. It is known that super-premium food is more concentrated and needs less to saturate and get the necessary nutrients for the dog, and economy class food requires 100-200 grams more.
Dry food for small but stocky breeds such as pugs is low in protein and fat. When choosing food and determining the portion, you should consider:
- animal protein, which must be at least 18% for adult dogs and 22% for puppies;
- fat, which should be at least 5% in the daily diet of adult dogs.
Be sure to have fresh water freely available, at least 1 liter per 500 grams of dry food.
How much natural food to give your dog
The amount of natural food depends on the body weight of the animal. So, up to 6 months, the puppy should be given food (natural feeding) in the amount of 5-7% of the puppy‘s weight. For example, a puppy weighs 10 kg, and 7% of its weight. it is 700 grams. The calculated daily allowance should be divided into two equal parts, of which half of the diet will be meat with offal, and the other half. fermented milk products (10%), such as cottage cheese, low-fat kefir, cereals (30%) and vegetables (10%). To calculate the correct portion of meat, you need to multiply 1 kilogram of the dog’s weight by 30-40 grams of meat. After 6 months, the volume of food is halved and the daily rate is already calculated as follows: 3.5% of the weight of the animal.
Large breed puppies need to be fed in small portions, as rapid weight gain causes various problems with the musculoskeletal system.
How much food to give a dog per day
The amount of food for a dog depends on criteria such as the physiological state of the animal, level of activity, breed, age, living conditions.
So, for example, the volume of a portion of food will increase or decrease depending on whether the pet lives in a warm place or on the street, he is sick or healthy, as well as from pregnancy, old age.
The amount of food for a puppy will vary depending on its size, activity, and metabolism. Overfeeding puppies can lead to deformation of bones and other health problems.
Puppy Schedule. Daily
The energy requirements of active dogs are higher, so they need nutritious food, more nutritious. Keep in mind, however, that an increase in the nutritional value of a feed does not mean an increase in the amount of food. By the way, you cannot feed active pets immediately before and immediately after training. To satisfy hunger, you can give your pet treats during training and do not limit access to fresh water.
In older pets, activity decreases, therefore, they need to reduce the calorie content of food, but the volume of the daily portion can be left the same.
Your dog’s appetite may change, and this is not a reason to decrease or increase the portion each time. However, loss of appetite that lasts for several days and is accompanied by symptoms of the disease should be a reason for visiting a veterinarian.
How to tell if your dog has enough food
Overfeeding, like underfeeding, is hazardous to the health of the animal. Therefore, it is important to be able to determine the daily amount of food, and for this you need to observe the animal. His behavior will tell you whether you need to increase or decrease the daily portion.
Reducing the amount of food should be in cases where the pet chooses food from the bowl without eating certain foods, and after feeding refuses additional treats. The dog should eat all offered food without asking for supplements. If part of the food remains in the bowl, then it is advisable to reduce its amount.
HOW TO FEED A DOG OR PUPPY CORRECTLY How many times a day you should feed your dog
There are situations in which the pet eats every last crumb, but weight gain is observed. In such situations, you should also reduce the portion.
If the dog eats everything and takes what is given as an additional treat, and then walks around and sniffs out food, then most likely he is malnourished and the portion needs to be increased.
After eating, the animal should remain hungry, satiety comes later, and if we take into account that animals quickly absorb food, then until satiety they can eat a few more servings. Therefore, you should not strive to feed the pet until the moment when he himself refuses to eat.
The normal weight of the pet is checked by its appearance, as well as by the weight values in the breed standard, which can be guided by. In a dog of normal weight, the ribs are palpable, but at the same time they should not be visible to the eye; the belly is tucked up, but the dog should not look skinny; when viewed from above, the abdomen is narrower in comparison with the ribcage (starting from the last ribs).
Calculation of dog food per serving
Knowing the daily amount of food, it is easy to calculate the amount of pelleted food served in one feeding.
To correctly calculate the amount of food for babies, you need to know their weight and calorie content. Approximate data per 1 kg of weight can be seen in the table below.
Daily norm of kcal per 1 kg of weight in grams
Amount of feed (in grams per 1 kg of body weight)
Calculation for adult animals is used
For small dogs, the portion will be smaller than for larger breed puppies.
How much food does a dog need per day: tables
You can independently calculate how much dry food a dog needs per day using a table that indicates the required number of calories per day. In this case, you need to know the energy value of the selected feed. it is indicated on the package.
Please note that premium and holistic feeds are more nutritious, they need a little less than a regular economy class product.
What determines the size of the daily portion
Despite the fact that every second dog eats dry food, not all owners know how to correctly calculate the amount of dry food for their pet. Competent calculation of a single serving is important for the health of the animal, since overfeeding can cause obesity, and being overweight, in turn, will lead to other serious problems.
The food packaging usually contains the recommended daily allowances for a particular product. Quite often, they are significantly overestimated, since the producers are simply not able to take into account all the features of your pet. Therefore, inexperienced dog breeders often consult with dog handlers and veterinarians.
How much dry food a dog needs per day depends on the following factors:
lifestyle (where the pet lives, how many times it walks, the presence of physical activity);
physiological state (pregnancy or lactation, recovery from illness or surgery, and others);
health status (presence of chronic diseases).
Thus, it is necessary to collect all the individual information about the animal before calculating its daily food intake. It is better if the dry food is selected by the owner in conjunction with the veterinarian. Remember. under no circumstances should you overfeed the animal. It is perfectly normal for a dog to feel hungry during the day, which means he will have a good dinner. Excessive satiety only harms four-legged.
In general, the average daily rate of dry food for adult animals, depending on weight and physical activity, can range from 200 to 900 g per day. In this case, you need to feed the dog 2 times a day. The nutrition of puppies is built according to a slightly different scheme. they are fed more often, dividing the daily portion into 3-6 meals.
Drinking regime with “dry feeding
If the animal feeds only on dry foods, then the calculation of the required daily amount of liquid is done according to the formula: 50 ml of water per kg of body weight.
Of course, you don’t need to water your dog at regular intervals. She must have a free approach to the drinker and satisfy her needs herself. And the needs may differ depending on numerous conditions: age, physical activity, season, etc.
The water should always be clean. it should be changed every few hours. If this is not possible, a special autodrinker for dogs will come to the rescue. Do not use boiled water: the best option would be filtered or bottled water without gas. Raw water is strictly prohibited.
Adults of small breeds
The daily allowance for adult small breeds (weighing up to 15 kg) is 300-400 g of feed, if we are talking about the economy class, and 150-300 g, if you give your pet a premium or holistic.
Amount of feed at normal activity (grams per day)
Amount of feed at high activity (grams per day)
For dogs whose weight starts from 10 kg, with good walking and games, 150-170 g are required, for their less active relatives. 120-150 g. Further, the norm of one serving increases by 100 g for every 10 kg. That is, if an animal weighs 20 kg, it needs 250-270 grams of food per day, 30 kg. 350-370 g, etc.
If the manufacturer does not indicate any restrictions on soaking the feed and this information is not on the packaging, the pellets can be soaked. It is especially useful for older dogs, sick individuals and puppies up to three months old.
To do this, pour the granules half or a third with unboiled drinking water heated to about 40 ° C. Boiled milk is sometimes added to the puppy.
Soaked feed is not stored for a long time. a maximum of three hours. It is dangerous to use it after a longer storage, as it sour very quickly. Regardless of whether the dog eats dry food or soaked. its rate is the same.
From the three-week period of life, puppies begin to accustom themselves to solid food. The number of feedings reaches 5-6 times a day.
When the puppy reaches two months of age, the number of feedings is reduced to 3-4, after six months of age. to 2. One-year-old animals and older, depending on their physical condition, are fed twice a day.
How much dry food does a dog need per day?
The amount of dry food for a dog per day is important for any owner. If the dog receives less food, he will be weak and vulnerable to disease, if more, there is a risk of obesity. Thus, both under- and overfeeding are equally harmful for the dog, and only if you stick to the golden mean, your pet will feel really good. But how to understand exactly: how much dry food a dog needs per day?
Calculation of the daily value of dry dog food
To determine the daily rate for feeding a dog with dry food, you need to know the age and exact weight of the dog. In addition, the size of the animal, its lifestyle (active / domestic), character and breed play a role.
Consider also the fact that feeds of different classes have different levels of energy value, which also affects the calculations. For example, super premium food is usually higher in calories than economy food.
So how much dry food should you give your dog a day? The answer is usually contained directly on the packaging of the food you have purchased: manufacturers write how much of their product a dog needs per day, based on its size. True, these are still average norms. you may have to give your pet a little more food, or a little less.
Daily food allowances for a dog: approximate values
If we talk about the average daily amount of premium food (moderate calorie content), the table for adult animals will look like this:
- Large dogs. from 35 kilograms in weight. will need 400-600 grams of dry food for one feeding;
- Average dogs. 15-35 kilograms. will need 300-400 grams of feed per day;
- For small dogs. up to 15 kilograms. 150-300 grams of feed will be sufficient, and it is recommended to divide this portion into two parts, for small breeds this is important.
Please note that very active animals, such as service dogs or athletes, need a special feed calculation, as well as for pregnant or lactating animals. Add 1/3 of the serving for working dogs and 1/4 for pregnant dogs to the feed calculated according to the usual standards per day.
But if the dog is elderly or does not move much, the usual portion should be reduced by about 1/4. It is very important for obesity prevention.
How much food does a dog need per day? Calculation for puppies
Everything that is said above applies to adult dogs, but puppies have completely different “standards”. Young animals are actively growing and, of course, they need more nutrients than already formed dogs. Accordingly, the daily feed for a puppy under 6-7 months of age should be 1.5 times higher than for an adult dog of the same size and weight. This portion is broken down into 4-6 meals.