An inactive 30-kilogram dog needs 240 g of feed, an active one. 360 g.
The puppy is 2.5 months old and weighs 2 kg. Its norm is: 40 2 = 80 grams.
Nutrition 101: How Much Should I Feed My Puppy?
A pregnant dog weighing 10 kg at the beginning needs 150 25% = 187.5 g, in the later: 150 50% = 225 g.
Please note: all calculated rates are not one-time, but daily.
Also, keep in mind that the nutritional value of the ready-made rations of different brands is not the same, so for the calculations you need to use exactly the table that is printed on your food package.
Information on Akana and Origen products for dogs is always available on our website. Each ration has its own page, where the table of feeding norms, the composition of the feed and its detailed description is presented.
Daily food allowances for a dog: approximate values
If we talk about the average daily amount of premium food (moderate calorie content), the table for adult animals will look like this:
- Large dogs. from 35 kilograms in weight. will need 400-600 grams of dry food per feeding;
- Average dogs. 15-35 kilograms. will need 300-400 grams of feed per day;
- For small dogs. up to 15 kilograms. 150-300 grams of feed will be sufficient, and it is recommended to divide this portion into two parts, for small breeds this is important.
Please note that very active animals, such as service dogs or athletes, need a special feed calculation, as well as for pregnant or lactating animals. To the feed calculated according to normal standards per day, add another 1/3 serving for working dogs and 1/4 for pregnant women.
But if the dog is elderly or does not move much, the usual portion should be reduced by about 1/4. It is very important for the prevention of obesity.
Amount of dry dog food
Dosing dry food should be taken responsibly. you should not fill the bowls to the brim uncontrollably, because you usually don’t have to rely on a pet’s sense of proportion. The topic of our conversation today will be the amount of dry dog food: what it depends on and how it is adjusted.
Dog nutrition. what are the norms of food?
Depending on the age, breed and physical activity of the dog, its diet changes. How to determine the rate of food consumption to provide the pet with the necessary substances and microelements, we will consider further.
Calculation of the rate of feeding rations for dogs “Akana” and “Origen”
Take, as an example, the table compiled for feeding dogs with the Acana Wild Prairie Dog from the Regionals line, which is 70% animal-based.
As you can see, you don’t need a calculator and complicated math to calculate your dog’s diet. It is enough to know the current weight and activity level of your pet.
Dogs with one or more hours of physical activity in their life should be fed according to the recommendations in the “Increased Activity” column.
The rest will be satisfied with the rate indicated in the right column. “Reduced activity”.
Feeding dosages for puppies of different ages, pregnant and lactating dogs are listed at the bottom of the table:
- at 1-3 months, puppies need a double norm of an adult dog of the corresponding weight, at 3-6 months it needs to be increased by 50%, at 6-11 months. by 25%;
- in the first half of pregnancy, the dog needs a rate calculated by weight, plus 25% from above, in the second half of pregnancy. plus 50%;
- during lactation, the amount of food for a four-legged mother is not limited. Leave dry food freely available and refill the bowl as soon as it is empty.
Types of industrial feed
Commercial feeds are classified into four main types:
- Dry. water. from 2 to 8%, high energy value. The use of such food reduces the risk of calculus, but its constant use threatens to erase the enamel. Suitable for individuals older than 9-12 months after complete replacement of milk teeth, requires monitoring of water consumption.
- Wet. water. from 40 to 60%, so the risk of dehydration of animals is minimal. The feed has a low energy value compared to dry feed. With constant use, due to the minimal load on the gums, it leads to their loosening and diseases of the oral cavity. Suitable for feeding dogs of all ages.
- Semi-wet. It consists of pieces in a sauce or jelly, has the same characteristics as wet food.
- Treats. gummy treats, biscuits, and more.
In addition to types, industrial feeds are divided into classes that differ in both the cost and the balance of the ingredients used in their manufacture:
- Economy class. They have the lowest calorie content. 250-300 kJ per 100 g of product.
- Premium class. Such feeds contain a large amount of vegetable carbohydrates and can be dangerous for allergy sufferers, but they are optimal for daily use, their caloric content is 300-350 kJ.
- Super premium class. The feed is balanced in terms of the content of proteins, vitamins, microelements; optimal for constant use; caloric content. 360-450 kJ.
- Holistic class. With excellent balance, it is comparable to the super-premium class, but in its manufacture, raw materials of higher quality are used, caloric content. 360-450 kJ.
The recommended combination of different types of feed in the daily ration is 75% dry and 25% wet. Dosage recommendations depending on the weight of the pet and its activity can be found in the instructions on the pack.
Different types of food (dry or wet) cannot be mixed in one step, their use should be divided.
Answers to the questions how many times to feed the dog at 8 months, at 6 months, at 4 months, etc. will be different. But in general, the essence is that the younger the puppy is, the more times a day it needs to be fed. For the exact number of feedings, see the table below.
|1-2 months||6 times a day||At 7:00, 10:00, 13:00, 16:00, 19:00, 22:00|
|2-3 months||5 times a day||At 7:00, 10:00, 14:00, 18:00, 22:00|
|3-4 months||4 times a day||At 7:00, 12:00, 17:00, 22:00|
|4-6 months||3-4 times a day||At 7:00, 12:00, 17:00, 22:00|
|6-10 months||3 times a day||At 7:00, 13:00, 21:00|
|From 10 months||2 times a day||At 7:00, 21:00|
From this table, it is clear that puppies are transferred to the feeding schedule for adult dogs at ten months of age. That is, we already feed a one-year-old dog only twice a day.
It should be noted that the indicated schedule and the number of feedings are approximate, so nothing terrible will happen if, for example, the first feedings are carried out at 8 in the morning, and switch to the adult schedule at 8 months.
Feeding your puppies with dry food
When the right food is selected, the puppy is active and healthy. His coat is in good condition, digestion is normal, allergic reactions are not manifested. But some owners make serious mistakes when feeding ready-made feed:
- overfeeding. It is necessary to strictly observe the frequency of feeding and know how many grams of dry food to give the puppy;
- soaking feed with milk or broth. Manufacturers on the packaging indicate that food for
- puppies need to be slightly soaked. But if you do not use water for this, then it is worth considering the nutritional value of the liquid. Accordingly, reduce the amount of feed per serving;
- food is not selected according to the age of the animal or does not correspond to its breed.
How to tell if your puppy is full
Caring owners worry about whether their pet is eating. It is not difficult to determine this. If he licks the bowl, then the portion is not enough for him. Add some food to your next meal.
This is the rule for those dogs that are not prone to overeating. If the dog overeats, then you need to carefully monitor the amount of food eaten.
What determines the frequency of feeding
The frequency and amount of feeding depends not only on age. For dogs of different breeds and sizes, these figures can vary dramatically. Even if the puppies are of the same breed, they can be of different sizes. This is an important indicator that affects the number of feedings per day.
The frequency and mode of feeding should be set individually for each dog. Activity and personal taste should be taken into account by all means. If your pet’s appetite changes dramatically, then this indicates health problems. And it doesn’t matter in which direction it changes.
Amount of dry food
On the packaging, manufacturers always indicate the amount of feed that must be given. These numbers may vary from dog to dog. This portion will be too much for one puppy, but not enough for another. Therefore, it is advisable to calculate the volume yourself. To be sure, you can consult a veterinarian for advice.
Do not forget that when the dog eats dry food, he must have constant access to a plate of water.
How often to feed your puppy from 2 to 4 months
After weaning, puppies need more vitamins and nutrients. In the period from 2 months to six months, they actively grow and develop. There is an approximate number of feedings per day for dogs of different ages:
- 2 months. 6 times a day (every 4 hours);
- 3 months. 5 times a day (approximately every 5 hours);
- 4 months. 4 times a day (break between feedings. 6 hours).
When making a feeding schedule, you need to rely on your regime and daily routine. If the puppy eats when he pleases, then health problems may arise. The pet needs to be given food at the set hours. The owner should be there at this time. As a last resort, you can ask someone from your family to feed the dog.
By adhering to a strict meal schedule, it is easier to train your puppy to relieve himself outdoors. Because of the schedule, he will go to the toilet “by the hour”. To do this, after 15. 30 minutes you need to take him outside.
Useful article about, Useful article about at what age to train a puppy without resorting to the services of a dog handler.
Not sure how to train your puppy to go outside to the toilet? We will teach you how to do it.
How many times a day to feed a puppy: a regimen for a growing body
The appearance of a puppy in the house is a joyful event. But caring for a small pet requires a lot of strength and patience. All novice dog breeders are first asked by the question. how many times a day a puppy should be fed.
It is very important to carefully monitor your pet’s diet in the first year of its life. Indeed, during this period, his teeth, bones, wool, and scent are formed. Improper feeding can not only affect the appearance of the dog. Many diseases can develop from this.
Approximate menu for a puppy of 2 months
A menu for a puppy can be compiled based on the example given:
- 6:00. give any fermented milk product. It can be cottage cheese, yogurt or kefir.
- 10:00. porridge with vegetables and meat in meat or bone broth.
- 13:00. a piece of raw fish or meat. Choose what your pet likes best.
- 17:00. any fermented milk product, but not the one that was in the morning.
- 20:00. porridge with meat in vegetable broth.
- 23:00. fermented milk products with meat. Or one meat raw or scalded.
Experimenting is necessary to determine which foods your dog prefers. The food that the puppy refused is better to exclude from the diet. But if these are cottage cheese or vegetables that are required for full development, then you should try to give them again in a month. This will give the owner a list of foods that the dog loves. It will be enough to simply compose a menu for every day from them. The more varied the food is, the healthier the dog will be.
The time for which you need to put a bowl of food is 10. 15 minutes. This will teach your pet not to overeat.
- You need to add a new product or dish to the diet gradually and in small portions. You should also transfer the dog from one type of food to another.
- Vitamins and mineral supplements should be added to the diet only after consulting a veterinarian. An excess of vitamins is as dangerous as a lack.
- Food should not be excessively hot or, conversely, cold. Optimum temperature. 30ºC.
- The bowl of food must be removed after each meal. But a plate of clean water should always stand.
- It is advisable for dogs, like humans, to arrange fasting days. On such days, you need to give the dog 40% of the food from the diet. For an adult dog, 2 fasting days a month are enough. For the young less.
Proper nutrition for a puppy is the key to health and longevity. It is necessary to approach the preparation of a regimen for a small pet with all responsibility. Its appearance, health and further development depend on it.
What to feed your puppy. dry food or natural food?
Perhaps this is one of the first dilemmas. to choose dry diets or natural food feeding. By the way, veterinarians still disagree on what is the best option. You can take into account the opinion of the doctor, the breeder, where the baby was purchased, and evaluate all the pros and cons of both types of feeding. The positive aspects of production diets include the following:
- most dogs eat dry food, even those that are fussy;
- manufacturers produce various product lines, and it is possible to choose a more suitable one, even if the dog has any diseases or suffers from food allergies;
- it is very easy to determine the size of the portion and to measure it;
- dry food can be stored for a long time without a refrigerator, so they can be purchased in bulk, this is especially important if the pet is large or there are several of them;
- no need to waste time cooking;
- ready-made dry rations are the cleanest type of feeding, when neither the dog nor the things around get dirty;
- high-quality feeds are as balanced as possible and contain everything you need, so additional intake of additives and feeding is not required.
Despite the large number of advantages, there are some disadvantages of this type of feeding:
- the composition of the feed is known only to the producers;
- quality feed is quite expensive;
- cheap rations are affordable, but their composition is not ideal, they contain more plant components, artificial additives, flavor enhancers, flavors, etc. are allowed.
When choosing, you should not be guided by a well-known brand and advertising, it is best to heed the advice of a veterinarian and a breeder. Natural diets also have benefits:
- the owner knows exactly what his puppy is eating;
- there is confidence in the freshness of the prepared dish;
- there are no various additives in the diet. preservatives, dyes, etc.;
- doggie gets natural protein and fiber.
Before giving preference to this type of feeding, owners should take into account the negative nuances:
- food will have to be cooked, if not daily, then every other day for sure;
- food is stored for a short time and only in a refrigerator;
- everything that the dog has not eaten is thrown away;
- if the pet eats stale food that has stood in the bowl for a long time, then you should expect signs of poisoning, so it is important to make sure that the pet eats everything at once;
- puppies do not always eat neatly, so not only the pet’s muzzle can be smeared in the porridge, but everything around the feeding place;
- difficult to balance and dose the daily portion;
- with natural feeding, the pet will periodically need vitamin and mineral supplements.
Another nuance. it is not difficult to transfer a pet from natural food to dry food, but in the opposite process, difficulties are possible. the pet can go on a hunger strike.
How many times a day to feed the puppy
A puppy in the house is joy, fun, commotion. But besides positive emotions, the appearance of a baby raises some questions and one of the first. what and how many times a day to feed the puppy. Naturally, you need to take into account the age of the dog, its size and other aspects. Let’s figure it out.
Puppy Schedule. Daily
How many times a day should a puppy be fed
The smaller the baby, the more often he has to be fed. For example, a monthly baby should be given food 6-7 times a day, and from 10-12 months it is recommended to transfer it to an adult regimen. 2 meals a day. The ideal time for the first feed is from 6 am to 8 am, the last from 7 pm to 10 pm. over, the smaller the puppy, the earlier he needs to be given food in the morning and later in the evening. This will allow him to go to bed in a good-natured mood and not feel strong hunger in the morning while waiting for feeding.
When determining the feeding schedule, the individual characteristics of the breed and the dog itself are taken into account, but, on average, it includes the following:
- from one to two months. six to seven times a day with an interval of 3 hours between feedings;
- from 2 to 4 months. five meals a day, the interval is increased to 4 hours;
- from 4 months to six months. four meals a day (one each in the morning and in the evening, and 2 daily meals);
- from six months to 10 months. three meals a day (one day’s feeding is removed);
- from 10 months up to one year of age. two meals a day. morning and evening. In small breeds, the transition to an adult diet occurs a little earlier, in large and giant breeds. a little later.
Experts do not recommend changing the number of feedings if the baby is not ready for this. Usually, the puppies themselves ignore one of the feedings, which is a signal to cancel. If the pet expects and with all its appearance shows that it is hungry, you should not deprive it of food.
Features of natural feeding
If in the case of dry diets everything is more or less clear, then with natural feeding, questions may arise. What can be included in the diet of a small pet and what should be avoided? A puppy’s menu from 1 to 3 months should include the following foods:
- cottage cheese (it is recommended to cook it yourself, adding calcium chloride);
- milk and whey;
- low-fat dairy products. varenets, fermented baked milk, kefir, yogurt;
- milk porridge. buckwheat, oatmeal;
- pieces of boiled meat. beef, veal, lamb, rabbit;
- stewed or raw vegetables, fruits. zucchini, carrots, apples, pears.
First of all, food for small puppies should be brought to a mushy state and eventually include pieces of food. Porridge, vegetable stews can be seasoned with butter, vegetable oil. From 3 months, they begin to give the pet raw meat, although this is recommended for some breeds from the first days. To prevent the baby from becoming infected with helminths, the meat should be frozen in the freezer, and before serving, it should be defrosted and scalded with boiling water.
From 4 months, boiled eggs, a small amount of sour cream, sea fish can be included in the diet. Chicken is an allergen, so from six months you can try to give it to your pet for a test, but be sure to monitor his condition. At the same time, you can give the dog by-products, but only boiled.
From six months to 9 months, the diet does not change too much, it should also be balanced and include all the necessary components. The main products are meat, offal. they make up at least 50% of the total diet.
Proper feeding is the key to the health and longevity of your pet, and this issue must be approached with all seriousness. The puppy must receive quality food and always in compliance with the regimen.
How many times a day is the dog fed
The frequency directly depends on the age of the animal. Puppies have shorter feeding intervals and more meals.
How to determine the mass of a portion
How to calculate the amount of food for a dog: you need to divide the daily allowance by the number of feedings, for adult animals this number is two. The amount of feed per 1 kg of body weight per day for an adult dog depends on the breed, weight and calorie content of the feed (see above).
Active animals, service dogs or athletes need special consideration, as well as pregnant and lactating animals. To the usual dosage of dry dog food, add about 1/3 of the serving for working dogs and 1/4 for pregnant and lactating dogs. If the dog is elderly and inactive, the portion should be reduced by about 1/3.
How much dry food to give a dog per day: weight calculations and a table
The use of dry dog food is very convenient. it is not surprising that many dog owners choose this method of feeding. But a dog’s diet based on dry nutritional granules must be compiled according to the rules. in particular, a certain amount must be observed so that the animal does not starve and does not suffer from obesity. How many grams of dry food to give a dog per day is not an easy question, since not only the size of the dog is taken into account, but also a number of other factors.
If the manufacturer does not indicate any restrictions on soaking the feed and this information is not on the packaging, the pellets can be soaked. It is especially useful for older dogs, sick individuals and puppies up to three months old.
To do this, pour the granules half or a third with unboiled drinking water, heated to about 40 ° C. Boiled milk is sometimes added to the puppy.
Soaked feed is not stored for a long time. a maximum of three hours. It is dangerous to use it after a longer storage, as it sour very quickly. Regardless of whether the dog eats dry food or soaked. its rate is the same.
For adults of large breeds
Large and giant breeds include dogs weighing 35-65 kg and even more. Large animals need to be fed with plenty of food. but overfeeding should not be allowed. The calculation is made according to the following table:
Amount of feed at normal activity (grams per day)
Amount of feed at high activity (grams per day)
Large breeds have good appetite, but metabolism is much slower than small breeds. Therefore, nourishing, but not too high-calorie feeds are produced for them.
The individual needs of the dog cannot be ignored. If you begin to notice that, by eating according to the norms on the package, the dog began to gain excessive weight. reduce the portions or remove one feeding. If he eats and asks for more, while losing weight, increase the portion or switch to a more high-calorie product.
How much food does a dog need per day: tables
You can independently calculate how much dry food a dog needs per day using a table that indicates the required number of calories per day. In this case, you need to know the energy value of the selected feed. it is indicated on the package.
Please note that premium and holistic feeds are more nutritious, they need a little less than a regular economy class product.