Features of the French Bulldog breed
French Bulldogs are small, stocky dogs, weighing 12-14 kg, with short hair with an indistinct undercoat, a special structure of a flat muzzle and a predisposition to cardiac pathologies, osteochondrodysplasia, eye diseases and disturbances in the gastrointestinal tract.
This companion dog is now an ornamental breed and spends most of its time on the sofa. In feeding, one should adhere to the principle: sufficient daily loads require high-calorie nutrition, a passive lifestyle. a decrease in the nutritional value of the diet.
Features of the anatomy and lifestyle of French Bulldogs often lead to rapid weight gain or loss, so the diet must correspond to the loads.
It so happened that from the once strong and healthy dogs, capable of hunting and protecting human property, it turned out a pampered creature with a tendency to disturbed metabolism and poor immunity. Nutrition in raising a French Bulldog puppy plays a very important role.
Even before the puppy appears in the house, you should worry about arranging his personal “kitchen”.
The meat should be cut into pieces and most of it should be fed raw to the puppy. Buckwheat is added from cereals and the cereals themselves are either alternated or prepared in mixtures. Hercules is not boiled at this time, but steamed in hot milk or broth.
Dry food is bought by age, choosing a product for medium-sized puppies or French Bulldogs. At the age of one month, puppies are also given wet food: canned food, mousses, pates and pouches.
As a treat for puppies on any type of feeding, you can give slices of apples, carrots or hard cheese.
Sample French Bulldog menu by age
When starting to compile an approximate menu for a French Bulldog puppy by age, you need to have an understanding of the aspects of feeding dogs at different stages of development. Each age has a different diet, because the digestive system of puppies every day “learns” to work with new food and produces the appropriate enzymes for food processing.
Important! All new ingredients in the menu are given one per day, in micro doses, and at the beginning of the introduction of the first complementary feeding, the diet is limited to just a few products.
When it comes to feeding norms, there is no one value for all puppies. The daily rate is determined rather by eye and in accordance with the state of the puppy by his appetite: if the puppy is constantly hungry, the portion is increased, if he leaves the food in the bowl, the portion is made smaller. Average daily feeding rates for puppies. 8% of the pet’s weight.
The exception is industrial food, a single portion of which is a few pellets for a small puppy. Visually, it may seem that the amount of feed is clearly not enough, however, it swells inside and increases several times in volume.
Remember! You should strictly adhere to the standards presented by the manufacturer on the packaging and change the serving size only based on the daily weight gain of the pet.
Regardless of what the puppy eats, there should always be clean water in his diet.
Feeding your French Bulldog before 1 month of age
At the age of up to a month, puppies get by with mother’s milk. If there are a lot of puppies in the litter or the bitch has low lactation, you should start feeding the babies. The first products appear on the menu:
- Meat scraped off with a knife from a large piece (beef, veal).
- Calcined cottage cheese: 2 tbsp. l. calcium chloride is added to 1 liter of whole milk at the boiling stage. As soon as it is curdled, the contents are filtered. The whey obtained in the process has good nutritional properties and is also included in the menu.
- Egg yolk.
- Porridge. rice and rolled oats, boiled in milk, with a drop of butter.
In the early stages of life, if there is not enough mother’s milk, or there is none at all, the puppies are fed with special industrial mixtures for dogs (substitutes for milk and porridge), and they are also prepared on their own based on goat or cow milk with the addition of condensed milk or honey, yolk and cream. Milk should be fatty and sweet. Diet curds from the baby food series are also suitable for the puppy.
Food for small puppies is made warm and liquid.
It’s good if the bitch has the opportunity to feed the baby: in this case, he is first fed with natural food, and then put to the nipples. Ready-made feeds are bought from the “starter” series and initially the granules are soaked with water until they become gruel.
Newborn puppies under 2 weeks old should eat around the clock, every 2-3 hours, and then 6 times a day.
At the age of 2 months, boiled fish without bones is added to the usual diet for babies of the French Bulldog, not forgetting to take into account its amount in the total amount of protein. In addition to quail eggs, you can also give chicken eggs, but they are subjected to heat treatment (including the yolk), like chicken meat.
Dogs benefit from “coarse” meat, where there is a tough connective tissue. the peritoneum or flank, pieces from the lower leg. Puppies are not given minced meat, but meat is cut into pieces. The meat is mixed with raw grated carrots, apples or cucumbers, boiled cabbage, stewed zucchini. Vegetables are flavored with linseed or other oil.
Cottage cheese is given calcined or purchased, an assortment of fermented milk products. any products. If necessary, feed the puppy. From the delicacies, you can add black loaf crackers, fresh dryers and dried apricots.
Dry food is offered from the series “for puppies of medium breeds from 2 months”, the menu alternates with canned food (which cannot be mixed with pellets in one feeding). Dry food is not soaked with water. The industrial food series has many dog treats that can be pampered with in any type of feeding.
Two-month-old puppies are fed 4-5 times a day.
Vitamins and Supplements
Good quality dry food already includes a vitamin and mineral complex and does not require additional feeding in the diet.
Without water, no body system can function. Lack of water in the diet (especially industrial) leads to the appearance of serious pathologies in the dog, which develop gradually and may be unnoticed in the early stages.
The puppy should not be restricted in water: care should be taken to ensure that the pet can always drink when it wants. The habit of drinking is instilled from childhood, just like eating. The water should be changed at least 3 times a day and only good quality should be used. There is nothing wrong with tap water if it is purified and you can, for example, wash fruit in it.
How and what to feed a French Bulldog puppy: a menu by age
The foundations for healthy digestion are laid at an early age in dogs. How the puppy eats depends on his immunity, conformation and even character. Each period of growing up requires a special approach in drawing up the menu, in accordance with the general principles of drawing up diets and taking into account the individual characteristics of the breed.
To figure out how to feed a French Bulldog puppy, you should stock up on information about the breed itself.
These are the most expensive and high quality feeds. They do not contain offal. only natural meat. Useful substances come from vegetables, fruits, berries. Ideal for feeding your pet. It can be eaten by both puppies and adults.
The most common firms:
- Now Fresh;
- Pronature holistic.
Thus, you will not be able to save money when feeding with dry food. Super premium or holistic food is suitable for the French Bulldog. Cheap food classes contain soy, lack vitamins, and contain ingredients that are dangerous for dogs.
Vegetables are not the main ingredient in the French Bulldog’s diet.
We can say that they are introduced into the diet as source of vitamins and fiber. Bulldogs can be given both raw and boiled carrots, zucchini, pumpkin, cabbage.
Types of food for the French Bulldog
We can say that all dog owners are divided into two “camps”:
- adherents of natural nutrition;
- adherents of dry / ready-made food.
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No one can unequivocally answer which food is more correct to feed the French Bulldog, so each dog breeder will have to choose independently.
Most veterinarians advise one thing: do not combine both types of feed. Many owners in the morning, when there is no time to prepare food, prefer to give dry food, and in the evening. natural. With such a diet, the Frenchman, like any other breed, can begin to have digestive problems. In addition, the balance of nutrients is disturbed.
Premium food contains a lot of offal, but also a little meat. There are much less plant components in them than in economical ones. French Bulldogs are not recommended to be fed such food.
- Royal Canin;
- Purina one.
Feeding your French Bulldog for 3 to 4 months
At 3-4 months of age, puppies are usually sold to new owners.
After the move, the puppies, which will now be kept in an unfamiliar house, must adapt. The same diet should be maintained for 1-2 weeks. So, the puppy will be protected from unnecessary stress. At 3 months, you can already test all products suitable for dogs.
Feeding your French Bulldog in old age
At about 6-7 years old, the French Bulldog is considered an old dog. For an adult and an elderly dog, metabolic slowdown is characteristic. The animal begins to move less, gains excess body weight.
Portions should be reduced slightly, and the calorie content of food should also be reduced. Now food serves not only as source of energy, but also with its help is the prevention of various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, musculoskeletal system.
Do not overfeed French Bulldogs at home with fruits and foods rich in calcium. this can lead to kidney problems.
Eating location and the right choice of dishes for the French Bulldog
When deciding to have a dog, you need to know how to properly feed a French Bulldog. An important role is played by the place of eating. Each pet needs a personal space where you can relax and eat in a relaxed atmosphere.
Feeding pregnant and lactating French Bulldogs
The French Bulldog bitch’s pregnancy lasts approximately 9 weeks. In the first three weeks, a special diet is usually not required. However, calcium intake should be increased throughout pregnancy. So, in 1 month of pregnancy, the dog should receive about 70 mg of calcium per 1 kg of body weight, which will form the skeleton of future puppies, in addition, the mother’s teeth will not decay. Phosphorus also plays an important role in fruit development. Its daily dose should be increased to 50 mg per 1 kg of body weight. In some cases, the dog needs additional vitamins, especially groups A, D.
One month after the onset of pregnancy, you should increase the portions, and feed 3 times a day. It is also necessary to reduce the amount of carbohydrates consumed. Around the 8th week of pregnancy, the dog needs to be fed 4 times a day. All foods that make it difficult to digest food are removed from the diet. In the last days of pregnancy, you need to feed the bitch 5-6 times a day, it is better to slightly reduce the portions. Meat can be replaced with fish.
It is important to monitor your dog’s weight. extra pounds can cause premature birth!
During feeding, it is worth increasing the amount of dairy products given to the dog: milk, cottage cheese, etc. Special foods for lactating dogs are perfect, which have everything you need for the health of the mother and her puppies.
Nutrition for puppies: tips and tricks
Puppies are developing rapidly. Approximate rates of weight gain:
- 1 month. 1.4 kg;
- 2 months. 2.5 kg;
- 3 months. 4 kg;
- 4 months. up to 8 kg;
- 12 months. 10-12 kg.
The breed has a lot of dogs with tender stomachs, and puppies have even deeper problems. The correct diet will help raise a healthy pet and provide him with the highest possible standard of living.
They get their nourishment from their mother. Her diet plays an important role. During this period, she is fed monotonously, at least 3 times a day. Meat should be more than half of the daily portion. Fermented milk products are also needed.
Dry food for puppy bitches contains all the important additives and is balanced with trace elements, proteins, fats with carbohydrates for adequate nutrition of the mother and offspring.
Starts at about 21 days. French Bulldog puppies are given milk porridge to taste. Products are chosen not too fatty in order to exclude disorders of the digestive system. The next day there is porridge in the bowl again.
If the puppies reacted normally to it, then you can feed it with lean meat, preferably beef. It is cut into small pieces, the size of the nose of a small French Bulldog. Feeding frequency increases every day.
At the same time, the puppies are attached to the mother. Clean water should always be in bowls. In a month, they can already switch to meals with meat, baby cottage cheese, milk porridges.
Important: Food is served warm, but not hot, as is drinking water.
Puppy weight and serving size
In each case, everything is calculated individually. Many people want to see a well-fed puppy, but this has a bad effect on his joints, stomach, heart and respiratory organs.
If the dog is overweight, the paws “float”, the load on the body increases significantly. Ligaments are affected, although in young dogs they are extremely elastic.
It is not uncommon for pets to beg for food when the bowl is already empty. The puppy should eat his fill, however, the size of the portion should be adjusted. If he sleeps normally, is active, cheerful, goes to the toilet normally, then he does not need extra food.
It is also possible to determine the normal condition of the puppy if its outer edges are well felt without effort. In this case, the sides should not be sunken. Another good indicator is stable weight gain, normal movement and straight limbs.
With dry food, everything is much easier. It already has a balanced composition that allows the little French Bulldog to fully develop.
On the packs, the manufacturer always indicates the consumption rates, taking into account the age of the puppy, breed characteristics. For dry food, the average daily portion of a 3-month-old puppy is about 70.75 g.
Eating French Bulldog puppies
How to feed a French Bulldog puppy at different times? Useful products for development and the list of prohibited ones. Selection and portions of dry food. What to give in the first feeding?
A healthy French Bulldog puppy always has a great appetite. Refusal to feed indicates problems or unsuitable products. The puppy grows quickly and needs nutrients to build bones, joints and muscle.
Newborn French Bulldogs weigh up to 200 g, but soon this figure will increase tenfold. However, overfeeding threatens health problems, so the diet is carefully thought out.
Nutrition at 2-4 months
Puppies are active, eat often, explore the world. Mother’s milk is no longer received. The frequency of feeding is 5-6 times a day. They eat the following foods:
- Lean meat. 50% of the portion;
- Baby or calcined cottage cheese;
- Porridge. 2-3 tablespoons per day;
- Egg yolk. once a week;
- Boiled sea fish. once a week;
- Fresh greens.
With natural feeding, sometimes there is a lack of calcium and phosphorus. The veterinarian prescribes useful supplements in the form of vitamins and minerals. Fish oil is useful.
The meat is frozen for a long time, but put raw in a bowl. Suitable for turkey, beef, rabbit, lamb. Pork is too oily for dogs, especially puppies or allergic breeds. It’s better to give up chicken for now.
There should not be a lot of porridges. The main food is meat and fish. Milk is gradually removed, but fermented milk products are necessarily present in the diet of French Bulldog puppies.
Important: Calcified cottage cheese is very useful. It is made from natural milk (0.5 l) and calcium chloride (1 tbsp. Spoon). The contents of the ampoule are dissolved in warmed milk and brought to a boil with constant stirring. The resulting cottage cheese (about 100 g) is discarded, separating from the whey.
The activity of the dog involves increasing the portions. The pet grows up before our eyes, the weight increases. The frequency of feeding is reduced, leaving 3-4 meals. The foods in the diet remain the same. You can add veins, chicken, if there are no allergic reactions to it.
How to feed a French Bulldog?
The French Bulldog belongs to the decorative dog breeds. He rightfully earned the love of dog breeders all over the world. The peculiarities of feeding the French Bulldog should first of all take into account the peculiarities of the lifestyle of each particular dog.
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Bulldogs themselves are very active and playful, but it often happens that their owners take them as indoor dogs and pay little attention to walking. These dogs are at risk of becoming obese and therefore require a low-calorie but well-balanced diet.
In addition, the teeth of French Bulldogs quickly grind and do not differ in strength, so it is better for them to very rarely give bones. What to feed the French Bulldog, how many times a day and how to do it correctly?
Feeding French Bulldog puppies
After weaning, the puppy should be fed six times a day for up to 2 months. Up to three months. five times a day, already gradually excluding milk porridge from the diet.
Up to six months, the puppy should eat four times a day, up to a year. three times a day, and after a year, transfer to two meals a day. If the owner decides to feed the puppy with ready-made dry food, then you should choose a dog food that will correspond to the age and breed and steam it with boiling water for up to six months and cool it to a temperature of 20-25 degrees. Read more on this topic: Food for puppies
In this case, the portion necessary for the puppy must be calculated independently. If the baby does not cope with the portion given to him, you need to reduce it, and if he does not leave the empty bowl, then the next time he feeds it is worth adding a little.
Do not overfeed your French Bulldog puppy as this can lead to rickets. And the extra weight puts too much pressure on the bones of the paws that have not yet matured. With natural feeding, it is necessary to give more raw food. The best choice of meat is beef.
You can simply scald it with boiling water or, in extreme cases, cook for no more than 10 minutes and chop finely (but not into minced meat). It is better to give grated raw vegetables to meat. Food should consist of two-thirds of animal proteins (meat, fish, cottage cheese) and one-third of vegetables and cereals.
Also, the diet of French Bulldogs includes:
- boiled offal: heart, ears, throat, brains, lungs, tails;
- raw sea fish without bones;
- oat, buckwheat and rice groats;
- fresh herbs or sprouted cereal seeds are added to soups;
- season vegetable salads with vegetable oil;
- berries and fruits between feedings are given as a delicacy.
Food should not be too runny to avoid indigestion.
It is best not to give your dog these foods at all:
- pork and any animal fats;
- raw river fish, herring;
- pickles and spices;
- bones (except occasionally “sugar” beef), bone broths, strong broths;
- ham, sausage, sausages, smoked meats;
- fried meat or fish;
- legumes and potatoes;
- pasta, pies, pancakes, white loaf, rolls;
- sugar, cakes, cookies, any pastry.
Good nutrition is very important for French Bulldogs. Overfeeding often leads to obesity, metabolic disorders, loss of mobility, and, as a result, early death of the dog. If your dog does not walk a lot every day, then at least once a week he needs a long walk.
With a sedentary lifestyle of an apartment pet, it is better for a bulldog to limit its diet. In any case, it should not exceed 5-7 percent of the dog’s weight.
To check if the dog is getting fat, you can slightly squeeze its sides. the ribs should be felt. In this case, the stomach should look fit, and the gait should be light.
Feeding: mode and features
To accustom the dog to food in a new place, they begin with two bowls: water is poured into one, it stands constantly; the other is filled with food at the time of feeding. Many owners ask themselves: how many times should food be introduced into the diet of babies so as not to overfeed them??
Puppies grow especially intensively for the first three months, therefore, they adhere to the feeding regimen depending on age:
- 1-2 months. 6 times;
- 2-4 months. 5 times;
- 4-6 months. 4 times;
- 7-12 months. 3 times.
When organizing food for a puppy, you should adhere to the rules: it is forbidden to feed the leftovers from the table and allow to beg for food. Food intake must be adjusted strictly by the clock at regular intervals. You should definitely rest from food at night. This is due to the fact that when overeating in French Bulldog puppies, diarrhea and bloating are observed. Excessive weight puts stress on the legs.
Supplementary feeding is not recommended, no matter how hungry the puppy is. New dishes are carefully introduced into the diet in small portions. It is worth considering that there should not be two unusual products at the same time.
Since it is difficult to balance the diet on your own, it becomes unclear what kind of food is best to feed your pet. Therefore, we will consider the options in order to choose the most suitable.
How to properly feed French Bulldog puppies 1-4 months
Puppies are taken at an early age of up to two months. Therefore, the owner should clarify, taking the dog, what it was fed. It will take a couple of weeks for the pet to adjust to the new environment without an upset stomach. After that, they gradually try to transfer to a diet suitable for the owner.
Raise your dog properly using dry food. It is matched to size and age. Be sure to pay attention that the packaging says. for puppies. It is best if you choose premium or super premium food that fully meets the needs of the growing body and does not cause allergies.
You should choose feed with an indication of the content of proteins, fats on the label. This is important for French Bulldog puppies. their diet should not be high in protein. It is worth paying for the age category indicated on the package.
If the choice is made in favor of dry food, no other products are added. When this is not taken into account, the balance of nutrients is imbalanced, leading to malfunctioning of the kidneys and liver. It is recommended to moisten dry food with warm water for up to two months, with a gradual transfer to a drier one. Your dog has a need for extra drinks when eating dry food, so regularly check for water in the bowl.
Information on how much food your pet needs can be found on the packaging. But for each dog it is individual. Therefore, they are guided by the puppy: he should not be either thin or fat.
How to feed a French Bulldog puppy. menu
The first two months, the puppy needs six meals, every three hours with a break for the night. After this, feedings are reduced up to five times, with the inclusion of cereals in milk in the diet no more than two times.
Whenever possible, you should try to ensure that your puppy is getting raw foods rich in vitamins. When cooking, food is prepared separately, since two-thirds of animal proteins must be introduced into the daily diet: cottage cheese, meat, fish and one-third of plant foods.
The puppy’s nutrition must include the following foods:
- Raw or boiled beef. Shot finely and added to the diet every day.
- Boiled poultry without bones.
- Soups and cereals. Replenish the energy costs of the puppy’s body, sometimes in small portions. They do not give semolina, as it contributes to the appearance of excess weight.
- By-products. It is allowed to replace part of the meat after 6 months, boiling to avoid infection with worm larvae.
- Milk products. Sour cream, cheese are perfect. Cottage cheese has a positive effect on the formation of bone tissue, therefore, it is given semi-liquid for up to 7 months, watering with kefir or yogurt. It is better if such products are non-greasy.
- Fish. It is enough to pour boiling water over the sea water, clean it from bones. If given raw, ferrous preparations are added, since the use of certain types of fish leads to the conversion of iron into an indigestible form, which manifests itself in anemia in the puppy.
- Vegetables. You can stew zucchini, cabbage. Shabby carrots with butter, boiled pumpkin. Fruits, greens are given fresh, accustoming from a young age.
- Greens. Parsley, celery, sprouted cereals in winter.
Prepare calcined curd on your own. To do this, you need to heat kefir or milk until it boils, add 2 tablespoons of calcium chloride per 1 liter. When curled up, you need to fold it through cheesecloth.
The temperature of the dishes should be room temperature, but not cold. After three months, it is worth excluding milk porridge from the diet.
The puppy should be given tendons and soft bones in the period of 3-7 months, as teeth change. It is better to exclude hard ones, as they disrupt the work of the stomach and change the bite.
Foods that are excluded from the puppy’s diet:
- pork and lamb;
- raw foods, legumes, potatoes;
- salt in large quantities;
- loaf, rolls;
- fatty foods, with the exception of sunflower oil;
- pastry sweets.
It is important for French Bulldog puppies to eat right, as excess food leads to excess weight and metabolic disorders. If the puppy is sedentary, limit the diet to prevent overeating. You can check if the dog is overweight by squeezing lightly from the sides. When the ribs are felt, do not worry. the puppy is developing well.
If the puppy eats well during the growth period, this forms strong bones, muscles, and the dog will delight the owners with good health.