The influence of various factors on the parameters of the pet
A variety of factors can affect a puppy’s height and weight, such as:
- Heredity. Dogs of some lines grow larger, while others are smaller in size. In addition, the rate of growth and weight gain may also depend on heredity.
- Intrauterine development. If the puppy’s mother ate properly during pregnancy and was kept in good conditions, then her babies received all the vitamins and minerals they needed. They gained good weight and height at the time of birth, and, therefore, they had all the makings for normal physical development.
- Sucking period. The conditions for keeping and feeding babies in the breeder’s house are very important. If the lactating bitch ate fully, and the puppies were started on time and at the same time properly fed, then by the time of activation and subsequent sale they will have good height and weight, and the psychological and physical development will be age appropriate.
- Feeding quality. Often, a lack of height or weight in dogs is due to the fact that the dog does not eat well enough, which is why it does not regularly get the vitamins, microelements and other nutrients it needs.
- . If a German shepherd puppy constantly sits in an open-air cage or on a chain and is not engaged, trained or walked with, then he simply will not have the opportunity to develop physically. The same applies to urban dogs, which are kept in apartments and taken outside for only a few minutes a day.
- Diseases. If a puppy or young dog has had a serious infectious disease, its growth may stop, or even completely stop. The presence of internal parasites can also negatively affect the height and weight of the dog.
In order for the shepherd puppy to grow strong and healthy, so that he does not get sick with infections due to which he may subsequently stop growing, it is necessary to give him all the necessary vaccinations in time and protect him from contact with sick animals.
Weight and dimensions of a newborn puppy
On average, the weight of a newborn dog is 500 g, bitches are born with a weight of 350 g. But this is an average of 6-8 puppies in litter numbers.
If the sheep were born a little. 3-4, then their weight, regardless of gender, will be equal to 450-500 g. In a large litter, from 8 to 12 puppies, it, also regardless of the gender of the born babies, will be slightly less and will be about 350-450 g.
The length of newborn German Shepherd puppies is 18-22 cm.
How old do they grow?
The most intensive growth of a German Shepherd puppy occurs in the first month of life. By the tenth day of life, the weight of babies doubles, so that the weight of males reaches 1 kg, and girls at this age weigh about 800 g.
Later, between two and six months of age, weight gain slows down.
From 1 to 2 months, the German Shepherd’s weight doubles again, but further weight gain is no longer so accelerated. But by the age of six months, the puppy already weighs about 2/3 of the weight of an adult dog.
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The growth of the German Shepherd continues on average, up to a year, moreover, the fastest growing puppies grow up to six months of age.
During the first five months of life, puppies grow by about 10 cm every month, so that by this age their growth is already 51-58 cm.From 5 to 6 months, the dog’s growth slows down sharply and the dog grows by about 3 cm in a month.
By the age of 10-12 months, the German Shepherd almost reaches its maximum height and already, practically, does not grow in height anymore.
But at the same time, after 1 year, a dog of this breed still continues to gain muscle mass and increase weight, and this continues until about three years of age.
In order for the pet to grow and develop correctly, it is very important not to allow early mating, moreover, not only in bitches, but also in males, since after them the growth of the animal very quickly stops.
Some owners, fearing that their dog will grow too large and because of this does not meet the requirements of the standard, deliberately try to untie it as soon as possible.
This should not be done in any case, since after early mating, not only the growth of the dog slows down, but also its general physical and mental development.
Bitches also slow down after the first heat. This does not mean that the dog will now not be able to get the necessary growth up to 12 months, but its growth will now not occur as quickly as in the first months of the puppy’s life.
What should be the weight of a German shepherd: parameters depending on gender and dimensions according to the standard
The German Shepherd is a large service dog.
And each owner of a puppy of this breed is interested in whether his shepherd is growing and developing correctly.
over, at exhibitions and training grounds, the owner of the dog can see the peers of the pet, which can be very different from his dog in growth and physical development.
How much should a German shepherd puppy weigh at each stage of its development and what weight and height it will have when it grows up?
Conclusion and conclusions
The German Shepherd is a sturdy, strong and resilient dog.
Her weight must be in exact accordance with the height and be within the standard.
If a puppy or a young dog weighs a little more or less than the recommended norms, then there is no need to worry too much about this: the German shepherd grows up to three years and only at this age it will finally be clear what size the pet has reached.
But at the same time, it is very important to remember that the height and weight of a dog depends not only on its heredity, but also on the conditions of keeping and feeding that are provided to it in the new house, as well as how much time its owner devotes to walking, physical activities and training.
What to do if lagging behind the norm
First of all, do not worry if we are talking about a puppy or a young dog that has not reached the age of three, and its weight lag does not exceed 10-15%.
The fact is that all dogs develop in different ways, and a shepherd dog, which is still growing, may have a slight underweight.
Nevertheless, this is a reason to think about the fact that it would be nice to change something in the conditions of keeping or feeding the pet.
It might make sense to start focusing more on walking and exercise to help the young dog gain muscle faster. Or maybe it would be worth increasing the amount of protein and fermented milk products in her diet.
In order to make sure that the underweight is not caused by genetic reasons, it is advisable for the owner to find out from his breeder how the puppy’s mother and other relatives kept in the nursery developed.
It is possible that dogs of this line simply grow up late and slowly gain weight.
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In this case, it is easy not only to overload the dog, because of which it will turn out to be too heavy and massive for a standard shepherd, but you can also cause irreparable harm to its health.
Dimensions according to standard
According to the breed standard, the growth of a German shepherd, depending on gender, should be:
- Males: 60-65 cm at the withers.
- Bitches: 55-60 cm at the withers.
over, the body length for boys of this breed is 71-77 cm, and for girls. 61-70 cm.
The chest circumference of the German Shepherd is 83-87 cm in males and 77-82 cm in bitches.
Puppy weight and sizes for male and female by months from 1 to 12 months (table)
|Age by months||Height at the withers in males (cm)||Height at withers in bitches (cm)||Weight in males (g)||Bitches weight (g)|
Weight deviation and its impact on health
You need to be aware of the negative health effects of both overweight and underweight pets. Excess weight above the norm can cause various diseases (diabetes, cardiovascular and gastrointestinal diseases, arthritis) and reduce life expectancy. Obesity is especially dangerous for young cats. Underweight appears due to poor feeding of the cat or due to the presence of certain diseases (metabolic disorders, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, cancer) and can lead to the development of hypovitaminosis, exhaustion.
Weight allowance for some breeds
How much a cat of a certain breed should weigh is shown in the table. It should be understood that “normal weight” is a relative concept that depends on various factors. For example, a Maine Coon kitten at 3 months weighs almost 2 kilograms, and an adult Devon Rex can weigh as well. Both animals will be considered normal weight.
|Breed||Normal (average) weight, (kg)|
You may not know the values of the normal weight for a cat in order to draw a conclusion about his health condition. Determining the normal weight of a pet is quite simple, without even resorting to using a bathroom scale. It is necessary to independently inspect the animal, and find out what weight category it can be attributed to.
How much should a cat weigh?
Domestic cats are often prone to being overweight, as they lead a measured lifestyle and have constant access to food. Also, excessive overfeeding with tasty food plays an important role. To avoid weight problems, owners need to know the average weight of a cat, which depends on its age, sex and breed. This will be discussed in the article.
Possible weight categories
- Underweight cat. The bones are clearly visible and prominent. There are no fat deposits on the chest.
- Normal weight of the cat. The body is in the shape of an hourglass when viewed from above (determined by the lumbar waist), muscular. On examination, the outline of the bones is slightly visible. The ridge and ribs are easily palpable, the belly is tucked up, there is a minimal fat layer on it.
- The increased weight of the cat. The waist is determined. There are small fat deposits on the face, back and abdomen, the ribs are not visible, but are difficult to feel. When viewed from the side, the abdomen is not pronounced.
- Average obesity. The waist is wide, poorly defined at the top. The bones are invisible and hardly palpable. Moderate body fat on the belly, chest and base of the tail. The side of the stomach is slightly enlarged.
- Obesity is severe. The waist is not visible from above. Bones are difficult to feel. There is a pronounced fatty layer on the back, at the base of the tail, chest and abdomen. The chest and abdomen are wide. The side of the stomach is noticeably enlarged.
Cats generally grow up to a year. A domestic cat at 1 year old weighs an average of 3-6 kg, cats are 1-3 kg less. If the weight is underweight or overweight (in one word. abnormal), you should definitely contact your veterinarian to determine the possible causes. The veterinarian will conduct an examination, the necessary research and prescribe medications or dietary adjustments. Even if the cat is in the normal weight category, it should be regularly seen by the veterinarian.