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How much to feed a dog 2 kg

How to calculate the daily allowance for weight?

The daily nutritional requirement for an animal will be determined by a combination of several factors. For example, based on the age of the dog and its size. This is also influenced by the characteristics of the reproductive system, since castrated and neutered animals experience a much greater appetite and hunger, and therefore need a special diet. Let’s take a closer look at all the features of determining the daily portion of dog food.

much, feed

During pregnancy and lactation

During pregnancy, the dog’s body needs special support and a special feeding regime, since the animal’s strength is spent not only on the natural process of life, but also on bearing offspring.

If the owners have the opportunity, it is recommended to purchase special feed for animals in position, but if this is not possible, then the daily portion of feed should be slightly more than with normal feeding.

As a rule, the amount of food is determined based on the activity of the dog, and also taking into account the fact that a pregnant dog should eat 30-50% more food than a regular animal.

As for the lactation period, here you need to treat the diet with special attention. Since at this time the dog’s body is most stressed, and most of the nutrients and vitamins are spent on feeding the puppies, it is necessary to provide it with free access to food in any quantity.

Overeating in this case is excluded, since the animal will eat based on the needs of the body.

For adult dogs by weight

Serving size for adult dogs is determined not only by the weight category, but also by the degree of activity of the animal.

  • For a two-kilogram animal leading an active lifestyle, 60 grams of food will be enough, and even 30 grams will be enough for a four-legged stay-at-home.
  • Individuals whose weight reaches 5 kilograms, with active walking, a portion weighing 100 grams is needed, while an animal with a calm lifestyle will only need 60 grams.
  • 160 grams is the daily daily portion of a 10-kilogram animal leading an active lifestyle. But a sluggard of the same weight category will have enough and 120 grams of dry food.
  • For an active animal weighing 20 kilograms, the average weight of a daily portion should be approximately 300 grams, and for a passive pet. 180-200 grams.
  • A dog weighing 30 kilograms needs a good portion of food. 400 grams, provided that the pet is regularly subjected to physical activity. In their absence, 250 grams of feed will be enough.
  • For a 40-kg dog, the serving size should be carefully selected in accordance with his lifestyle: for active dogs. 450-480 grams, for passive dogs. about 300 grams.
  • 50-60 kilograms is a fairly large weight for a dog. Usually, such pets are large, strong, but not very mobile, therefore, when calculating the daily diet, it is necessary to take into account training and training. For animals exercising more than 60 minutes a day. 550-650 grams of feed, for those whose training lasts less than 1 hour. 350-400 grams.

It should be borne in mind that these are the average data, and each dry food manufacturer indicates on the packaging the recommended serving sizes for both one-time feeding and the daily allowance.

How much food should you give your dogs a day??

Each owner cares about the health of his pet, especially when it comes to a growing puppy, the body of an adult dog or the health of an already aging animal. Feeding is an integral part of the healthy development and proper functioning of all organs of the animal, therefore it is very important to pay special attention to compiling the correct diet, taking into account the amount of feed consumed.

Sometimes it is difficult to determine the norm, but it is imperative to do so, because if the animal is malnourished and overeating, there may be major health problems. Let’s take a closer look at how much food should be fed to the animal’s body every day and how to maintain a balance.

For puppies

It’s no secret that puppies are more voracious than adult dogs, so it is especially important to correctly calculate the correct dosage when feeding them.

The first complementary feeding with dry food should be started from 1-1.5 months, gradually introducing the product into the diet and reducing the proportion of mother’s milk. From 1.5 to 3 months, the puppy should already completely switch to independent feeding, and during this period the daily feed rate should be equal to the double rate of an adult animal of the same breed. As the puppy grows, it needs a lot more nutrients.

For babies aged 3 to 6 months, portions should become smaller and instead of double the volume per day, one and a half will be enough. The main thing is to regularly take measurements in order to make sure that the puppy’s weight is being added correctly and without excess. Particular attention must be paid to 4-month-old animals, since during this period there is a sharp jump in their growth.

From 6 months to 1 year, portions should also be gradually reduced. The approximate daily dosage during this period is 1.25 times the norm for an adult dog. And starting from the age of one, the daily daily portion should be calculated exclusively from the breed characteristics and weight category of the dog.

It is worth noting that puppies are fed hourly in small portions. So the animal will feel full throughout the day, and the food will gradually enter the body, without stressing the stomach and digestive system.

Dosage by brand

Many manufacturers set their own daily dosage rates for dog food. Most often, detailed instructions are located on the back of the package, and you can measure the required amount using a measuring cup or a special measuring spoon. If there is no such tool, then you can use an ordinary tablespoon, which on average holds 20 grams of dry food without a slide.

Let us consider in more detail the dosage of feed from various manufacturers in the form of a table.

Pedigree is an economy class food that veterinarians do not recommend feeding pets, but some still prefer it.

Natural Nutrient Requirements

What is the point of feeding dogs in general? In replenishing the costs of nutrients and internal energy to maintain the natural level of life.

  • constitution and body weight (small dog breeds have higher energy needs, they have a faster metabolism and stronger energy losses due to the high difference in body weight to body surface area);
  • age and sex characteristics (young males need energy several times less than an older dog);
  • physiological state (sick animals, males during mating, lactating, pregnant and puppies during the growth period have special needs for nutrients);
  • ambient air temperature (energy requirements increase in the cold season).

Wet feed

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Wet food includes pates, soufflés, pieces in jelly or sauces. Feeding dogs with wet industrial food is justified only in cases with small breeds. For large dogs, the consumption will be just crazy, provided that it is impossible to mix ready-made food with natural nutrition (cereals, pasta, etc.).

If the manufacturer did not indicate the feed consumption on the packaging, then approximately you can navigate according to the following average rates (g / day). approximately the total volume comes out within 5-7% of the total body weight of the animal:

Dog weight (kg) With a low level of physical activity (less than 1 hour per day of active movement) With an active lifestyle (physical activity from 1 hour or more)
5-9 100-160 160-200
10-14 140-200 190-240
15-19 210-260 240-300
20-24 270-300 300-360
25-29 310-400 360-410
30-39 400-440 410-500
40-49 450-520 500-600
50-60 520-650 600-700

The individual needs of the dog cannot be ignored. If you begin to notice that, eating according to the norms on the package, the dog began to gain excessive weight. reduce the portions or remove one feeding (if the regimen allows). If he eats and asks for more, while not gaining weight, increase the portion or add one feeding.

Natural food

With natural nutrition, the dog needs the following amount of natural food for each kg of body weight every day:

How Much to Feed a Dog (Commercial and Homemade Foods)

  • 20-40 g conditionally dry;
  • 30-40 g wet with sufficient m of water;
  • 35-40 g fiber.

If it is a stud dog, a pregnant bitch or a service dog that performs increased physical activity every day and spends a lot of energy, then the amount of feed can be increased. The main thing is to monitor the weight of the animal and fatness.

How much food a healthy dog ​​needs can be roughly guided by the table. Of course, the indicators are conditional. Total natural food intake will depend on the dog’s age, breed and size, and physiological condition (g):

The diet of the puppies will vary slightly. In addition, there is a difference in how much to feed a monthly puppy or a one-year-old, and also taking into account the breed characteristics:

How to Measure Your Pet’s Food

Product name Age of puppies (months)
1-2 2-4 4-6 6-12
Medium-bodied meat or fish 200 (meat only) 300 (meat only) 400 (meat and fish) 500 (meat and fish)
Groats 200 300 400 500
Vegetables one hundred one hundred one hundred 200
Milk 500 500
Chicken eggs 1 yolk per week 1 egg per week 1 egg per week
Liquid sour milk 30-50 50-100
Fish fat 20 20 20 thirty
Meat and bone meal ten 20 20 fifty
Salt ten 10-15 15 15
Number of feedings per day 6 five four 3
Approximate total feed volume per serving (kg) 0.25-0.5 0.5-1 1-2 2-3

The most important rule when drawing up a diet: meat products in the diet should be 50-70%, everything else is fiber, cereals, vegetables.

With a natural diet, the dog will most likely need additional minerals and vitamins. The name of drugs, courses of administration and dosages are calculated by the veterinarian individually for each individual!

Vitamins and minerals

Every living organism needs vitamins and minerals. When feeding with high-grade, expensive deluxe and holistic food, there is no need for additional feeding with them. Also, the dog does not really need all this, which is on a full and varied natural feeding. some of the substances in sufficient quantities come from the outside, some are produced in the body (for example, vitamin A from beta-carotene). In case of unbalanced and / or monotonous feeding, additional vitamins and mineral supplements will have to be given. It is best not to do this without consulting your veterinarian, because complexes are, both general and specific, aimed at normalizing the function of something (for example, to improve the condition of the skin).

Carbohydrates

This includes sugar, starch and fiber. The optimal carbohydrate requirement for an adult dog is 10 g / kg, of which 1 g / kg is fiber. In puppies, this requirement is 15.3 g / kg and fiber. 1.5 g / kg. Keeping these nutrients in balance is very important because deficiency leads to obvious exhaustion, excess leads to obesity. The ratio with fats is inversely proportional. the more carbohydrates in the diet, the less fat you need to put in. And vice versa. Carbohydrates usually account for up to 70% of the total calorie intake. With normal consumption of sugars and starch, the body receives the necessary glucose. And fiber stimulates the proper functioning of the intestines, biliary tract, and also helps to remove excess cholesterol.

source: porridge (rice, buckwheat), bran. Vegetables are also source of fiber.

Protein

Despite the fact that dogs need 3 times less protein than cats, they also cannot do without it. Protein is source of essential amino acids, which are involved not only in metabolic processes, but are also the structural material of many body tissues. The average protein requirement for an adult dog is 4.5 g / kg of body weight, for growing, pregnant and breeding males. up to 9 g / kg. Lack of protein is just as dangerous as excess. With a deficiency, muscle weakness develops, a painful emaciated look appears, puppies lag behind in development, anemia may develop against the background of a lack of hemoglobin, and the enzymatic functions of the liver are disrupted. Excess protein leads to renal pathologies and hepatic intoxication against the background of blood oversaturation with protein breakdown products.

source: meat (main source), fish (slightly), dairy products.

For the dog, it is an actual source of energy as well as a catalyst for the normal secretory function of the digestive glands. The concept itself includes fatty acids (unsaturated and saturated), pigments, fat-soluble vitamins, sterols, etc. The average fat requirement in an adult dog is 1.3 g / kg of live weight, in puppies. 2.4-2.7 g / kg. Incorrect and / or insufficient intake of fats very often provokes vitamin deficiencies and dermatological pathologies (peeling, dandruff, hyperkeratosis, tousled coat and shedding, exacerbation of allergic reactions, etc.).

source: animal and vegetable (to a small extent) fats.

What is the relationship between the class of feed and its consumption?

  • The higher the class of feed, the higher the concentration of high quality nutrients in it. The calculation is based on 100 g. That is, the cheaper the food, the more it will have to be fed to the dog in order to cover the daily need for proteins, fats and carbohydrates.
  • The more natural the food, the less various flavors it contains. It is not surprising that cheap food is eaten more readily and in much larger quantities. But if the animal is immediately accustomed to good, expensive food, bad food will not only not taste good, but it will not give a feeling of satiety.
  • The better and more concentrated the feed, the less unnecessary auxiliary components it contains and, therefore, there is no additional (and unnecessary) load on the organs of the digestive system (in particular, the pancreas and liver). For example: 150-250 g of nutritional economy feed can correspond to 45-62 g of holistic or luxury feed. The difference is ballast.
  • Cheap feed lacks a balance of vitamins and minerals. At best, they are, but without observing daily proportions, at worst, they are completely absent.
  • High-quality food is able to gently stimulate the gastrointestinal tract, improving the metabolism of the whole body.
  • The best therapeutic food series only in deluxe and holistic classes.
  • High-quality feeds are expensive in terms of cost, but at the same time have a minimum daily consumption. If we recalculate the consumption of cheap economy feeds by nutrients, then the output costs will be either the same or less, but at the same time there is much more benefit.
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How to tell if a dog is not starving

Why does the owner know how much food a dog needs per day? It is necessary to select such a portion of feed so that the animal has enough energy for normal life, but at the same time, to exclude overeating with obesity and hunger with exhaustion. The dog can be weighed from time to time, but this activity is troublesome and no one, as a rule, does this.

If the dog does not finish eating regularly, it will begin to lose weight, an increased shedding will appear, the coat will lose its shine, the pet will constantly be near its bowl or try to grab something somewhere on its own (the instinct to feed itself will begin to work). In this case, you should either add one more feeding per day or increase the portions.

The degree of fatness of a dog is determined by probing its body and assessing the general proportions of the body:

How to make a calculation yourself

This is not difficult if you know the correct counting scheme. You can calculate the amount of a daily portion according to a simple scheme: we divide the pet’s daily calorie requirement by the energy value of the feed.

We wrote about the calorie content of dry food in the article above. And we bring to your attention a table with indicators of energy that this or that dog spends on a daily basis.

Feeding dry food depending on the size of the pet

Obviously, the rate of dry food for dogs of large and small breeds is different. It will be easy to calculate how much your pet will need. Choose your dog’s weight and read the approximate calculation.

The norm of dog food when eating canned food

If determining how much dry dog ​​food to give is easy enough using the table above, then the portions of wet food, or canned dog food, are more difficult to calculate. Unfortunately, manufacturers do not always place information on the packaging about what the daily rate should be, depending on the weight of the pet.

Giving a dog food at random, relying on his appetite and his own intuition, is not worth it, it is dangerous, because such food, most likely, will not be complete. However, there are certain standards, guided by which you can try to form a norm for the pet that is as close as possible to the ideal.

An adult dog, on average, needs at least 50 kilocalories per day per kilogram of body weight, while the energy value of a standard wet food fluctuates in the range of 75-110 kilocalories per 100 grams. Thus, knowing the weight of the dog, as well as taking into account its condition and activity, which were mentioned above, it is possible to relatively accurately calculate the volume of the daily portion.

With this approach, it is very important to carefully monitor the pet’s well-being, its weight, the condition of its coat and teeth, if everything is normal and does not change over time, then most likely your calculations are correct. Otherwise, the diet should be the same as when feeding with dry food: that is, the daily intake is divided into two doses and given to the dog at the same time in the morning and in the evening after a walk.

Dog food is produced by different companies. The wide variety makes you think about which food is best for your pet. It is also important to take into account the weight of the animal, its physical form, activity and many other features. Dry food is very popular with many dog ​​owners, but they all have a different composition, which means they require a different dosage.

For large breeds

These include dogs weighing 35-65 kg. You need to feed large breeds of animals with plenty of food. Give them either 400-600g Premium or 600-800g Economy.

For your maximum convenience, we give a detailed table above, in which it is clearly and clearly described how much dry food to give to the dog per day.

How to measure dry food

It is impossible to measure dry food for an animal accurately without scales. Therefore, if you want to know the amount of food for sure, you will have to purchase a kitchen scale on which you can measure a portion daily.

For your information! Manufacturers of some expensive dog food put special measuring cups in the pack, with which you can measure the required portion. However, it is worth remembering that such a measuring container is designed only for this brand, because all dry products have granules of different sizes and weights.

Preliminary data on how much dry food to give a dog per day (table):

These are averages and should not be followed exactly, but rather used as a rough guide. If necessary, a complete diet can be prepared with your veterinarian.

Important! Always have clean water available to the dog.

Summary table: the norms of food of different types for dogs by age and weight

Different types of feed differ in composition and content of vitamins and microelements. Average daily dry dog ​​food requirements are described in the table below for some brands.

Important! For a pregnant dog, the RDA can be increased by 25-50% after consulting a veterinarian. It is allowed to transfer the animal from adult food to food for puppies, because it contains more nutrients.

It is important for a lactating dog that food is always available so that it can eat at any time.

Super premium class

The feeds of this group are distinguished by their increased cost and balanced composition. They contain a high amount of protein obtained from quality meat products. In addition, they contain all the essential minerals and vitamins. Soy is absent in such products, and corn is included in the composition in a minimum amount. The value of super-premium food reaches 450 kcal per 100 g, while the dog receives all the necessary substances immediately during a meal.

Note! Such products are allowed to be given to the animal constantly. The popular French food Pro Plan belongs to this category.

Examples of diets for puppies of different breeds

Puppies of different dog breeds also differ in weight and size. In addition, they grow and develop in different ways. For some, a small portion of food is enough, while others will need several times more.

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Puppies of small breeds (for example, Yorkies) are characterized by an accelerated metabolism, so they grow up quite quickly. Closer to the year, they can be easily converted to feed for adults. Approximate calculations are described in the table.

Adult dog weight (kg) 2-3 4-6 7-9 10-13 14-16 17-19 20-22 23-25
Puppy age (months)
2 65 one hundred 125 160 190 215 240 240
3 70 110 145 190 225 255 295 295
four 75 125 155 205 240 275 315 320
five 75 125 155 205 245 280 325 335
6 70 125 155 205 245 280 330 350
7 60 110 140 185 230 260 325 350
8 55 one hundred 125 170 210 245 295 315
9 90 110 150 195 225 265 285
ten 90 110 150 175 200 235 250

Large dogs (Bulldogs, German Shepherds, Rottweilers and the like) have a slow metabolism, so they mature later than toddlers. Despite the fact that the dog looks like an adult, all organs and skeleton continue to develop in him, so he needs enough useful and nutrients. It is not uncommon for veterinarians to recommend feeding large dogs puppy food until they are 2 years old. An approximate calculation is described in the table below.

Adult dog weight (kg) 26-29 30-33 34-37 38-44 45-54 55-64 65-74 than 75
Puppy age (months)
2 255 245 260 295 380 395 415 440
3 310 315 340 390 450 505 550 580
four 345 355 390 435 490 555 615 645
five 390 420 460 515 580 660 730 770
6 435 460 525 590 655 750 835 880
7 435 480 525 590 660 755 845 890
8 405 445 490 585 655 755 850 895
9 375 415 460 545 675 780 925 975
ten 345 380 430 510 660 765 910 960
eleven 315 345 400 465 640 740 890 935
12 375 425 625 720 860 905

This is just a rough guide. The owner should monitor his pet and, if necessary, slightly reduce or increase the portion.

It is important that the dog always has clean water near dry food.

What is the relationship between the class of feed and its consumption

The dog owner should know how to properly feed his pet with dry food. There are many different factors to consider and remember that there is no single rule. Even dogs of the same breed require different amounts of food.

A variety of dry food allows you to choose the one that suits your pet best.

The feed rate directly depends on its category. A cheap product has an average composition, there are few useful substances in it, it will be digested faster, accordingly, the dog needs to be given a larger portion so that it does not remain hungry.

expensive food contains more nutrients and satiates faster. As a result, the dog feels full for a longer time, a small portion is enough for him to saturate.

For your information! expensive foods have a better effect on the dog’s body, especially during adolescence.

Super premium class

The feeds of this group are distinguished by their increased cost and balanced composition. They contain a high amount of protein obtained from quality meat products. In addition, they contain all the essential minerals and vitamins. Soy is absent in such products, and corn is included in the composition in a minimum amount. The value of super-premium food reaches 450 kcal per 100 g, while the dog receives all the necessary substances immediately during a meal.

Note! Such products are allowed to be given to the animal constantly. The popular French food Pro Plan belongs to this category.

Premium class

Premium food contains small amounts of vitamins and minerals. The product also contains some proteins (about 20%), which are produced from offal and meat waste. The composition contains a large amount of corn and other grains. The average energy value of such feed does not exceed 350 calories per 100 g. If necessary, you will need to add additional nutrients to the pet’s diet.

Feed classes and their energy value

Before choosing a suitable dog food, it is worth understanding that there are several types that differ in calorie content, composition, nutritional value, and protein. When choosing, it is important to consider that the more high-calorie and nutritious the product, the lower the dosage should be.

Note! The most expensive foods tend to be high in calories, so a small amount is enough for the dog to get full.

The choice between dry food and natural food depends on the preferences of the owner

How to measure dry food

It is impossible to measure dry food for an animal accurately without scales. Therefore, if you want to know the amount of food for sure, you will have to purchase a kitchen scale on which you can measure a portion daily.

For your information! Manufacturers of some expensive dog food put special measuring cups in the pack, with which you can measure the required portion. However, it is worth remembering that such a measuring container is designed only for this brand, because all dry products have granules of different sizes and weights.

Preliminary data on how much dry food to give a dog per day (table):

Dog size Economy, calorie content 280-320 Premium, calories 320-400 Super premium, calories 400-450 Holistic, calories 400-450
Small breeds (up to 12 kg) Up to 400 g per day Up to 300 g per day Up to 200 g per day Up to 200 g per day
Medium breeds (12 to 40 kg) Up to 650 g per day Up to 450 g per day Up to 400 g per day Up to 350 g per day
Large breeds (from 40 kg) Up to 800 g per day Up to 500 g per day 450 g per day 450 g per day

These are averages and should not be followed exactly, but rather used as a rough guide. If necessary, a complete diet can be prepared with your veterinarian.

Important! Always have clean water available to the dog.

How to calculate yourself

Calculating the amount of food for a dog yourself is quite simple, it does not require much effort. To get the desired result, you need to divide the daily calorie intake by the energy value of the feed. In addition, it is worth considering the weight, age, activity of the pet, and the characteristics of its health. It is also recommended to consult a veterinarian.

Some manufacturers put measuring cups in their packaging

Economy class

For the production of feed from this group, the cheapest products are used. The main part is maize and grains. The small amount of meat is compensated by the increased volume of soybeans. Such food has a caloric content of no more than 250-300 kcal per 100 g.

Important! When choosing such feeds, it is imperative to include additional supplements and vitamin complexes in the pet’s diet.

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