How does mating work?
Mandatory rule. mating is carried out necessarily on the territory of the dog, but it is possible to carry it out in a place that is neutral for both dogs.
First, the animals get to know each other and sniff each other. After a while, the dog begins to cage. The bitch, if necessary, can be held by the collar or under the belly. After successful landing, the dogs stand in the “lock” tail to tail. The duration of this period is 15-60 minutes.
After a successful landing, the dogs get up in the “castle”
Important! Do not forcefully disengage animals, as this will lead to injuries to the genitals.
Signs of approaching labor
2-4 days before the appearance of the babies, the mother’s belly drops, and the spine begins to stand out. The mammary glands noticeably increase in size, colostrum can protrude from the nipples.
Another striking sign of an imminent birth is a sharp drop in body temperature (below 37 degrees). If this happens, it means that the dog will begin to give birth within 24 hours.
How to equip a dog’s bed
1-2 weeks before the appearance of small dogs, it is necessary to equip a couch. For childbirth and subsequent rearing of babies, large boxes made of plywood or boards with a minimum size of 1.51.5 meters are convenient.
The bottom of such a box is covered with newspapers or absorbent diapers. A clean blanket, blanket or sheet is laid on top.
Do not use wadded or foam mattresses, as the dog can break them and gorge on filler.
Features of the course of pregnancy
The owner of the bitch must definitely know how much pregnant huskies walk, since it is this information that will make it possible to recognize the development of complications in time. However, healthy dogs carry babies quite easily.
How is childbirth going?
Usually the husky gives birth without complications. The dog lies down on the bed, worries, breathes heavily. The average duration of this period is 12-24 hours. During this time, the husky begins to give birth, water flows out of it (a clear liquid flows out of the vagina).
A veterinarian should help the dog with childbirth complications.
After that, attempts begin. After 5-10 strong contractions, the first puppy is born. He should be born within 4 hours. No more than two hours should pass between the birth of subsequent babies.
Important! If the dog has lost water, or the contractions have already begun, but the first puppy has not been born within 3-4 hours, it is necessary to call the veterinarian as soon as possible. This may indicate the presence of a dead fetus in the womb that cannot pass through the birth canal.
When puberty occurs
In husky dogs, the first estrus can occur in the age period from 6 to 14 months.
The bitch can even mate on the first hunt, but this should not be allowed. Breeding is allowed for dogs whose age at the time of mating is 15 months.
Husky care during pregnancy
In the first half of pregnancy, the dog leads a normal life. It is recommended to transfer the animal to a puppy diet, starting at 4 weeks. By the end of pregnancy, the daily rate is gradually increased by 50%, while the number of feedings is increased to 3-5.
In the first 25-30 days, the dog remains active, but too active games and heavy loads should be avoided. In the second half of pregnancy, huskies are limited to jumping and jogging. They walk with the dog quite a lot, but slowly.
Interesting! If the owner knows how much a pregnant husky dog walks, he can easily organize walks correctly.
How to train a Siberian Husky
At this age, the puppy develops an emotional contact with the owner. All exercises are aimed at creating strong relationships, forming a sense of security in the puppy, including him in the “pack”. the family. The main training is carried out after 6 months.
- Team “TO ME!” before placing a bowl of food or giving a treat. In the game they called, stroked, let go.
- The command “SIT!” Whenever possible. It is better to do it ten times during the day than to train for half an hour in a row (this applies to any teams).
- Any games she likes (with a ball, with a toy, searching for a bone). It is useful to give something tasty to smell and cover with your palm. The command “SEARCH!” She must figure out how to get the tasty out from under your hand. Or hide your hands behind your back.
- Talk to her more in a calm, low voice, but without cooing intonations.
- Allow her to interact with domestic dogs. Do not interrupt sniffing.
- Important! In a safe place, letting go of the leash, call her from time to time (so that you touch the collar) and let her run again. Do not take her immediately on a leash. If the puppy is fascinated by something, then he does not hear the owner. It is necessary to attract her attention by sitting down and knocking on the ground with keys, a pebble, toss up a glove. You can run away from her, hide behind a tree (so she can see it). Never chase a dog to catch it. This is the guarantee of the flawless execution of the command “TO ME!”. And never scold a dog after he comes up to you.
- Make sure that you do not scavenge. If you grab something, you can throw a tin can with pebbles (loudly ringing) into it, or take it out of your mouth with your hands, shake it by the scruff of the neck, swearing. The command “CAN’T!”.
- Raise her in your arms as little as possible. Now it’s better not to do it at all.
“At the same time, when building an emotional contact with a puppy of the age of fear, it should be borne in mind that all stresses and experiences of this age are fixed in the psyche very firmly and for a long time. Therefore, it is very important to choose the right degree and forms of expression of sympathy for the puppy in a stressful situation, so as not to intensify unpleasant emotions by the fact that the puppy may mistake for manifestations of confusion and uncertainty of the owner. Such factors that increase stress in a puppy include, first of all, the high tone of the owner’s (mistress’s) voice and chanting, cooing intonations. for a person, both serve as an expression of sympathy and consolation. Much more effective are such forms of consolation as patting the puppy on the side of the shoulder blades, pressing it sideways to the owner’s leg, and covering the back of the nose from above with the palm of the hand with a slight squeeze of the fingers and the base of the palm on both sides. These gestures of the owner most closely overlap with the species rituals expressing support and patronage from the elder.
One of the common specific situations that should be avoided in every possible way at this age is lifting the puppy in his arms in such a way that his back is pressed against the owner’s chest, and the tummy is open outward. In this case, all vital organs are not protected, which dogs always instinctively protect from any dangers from the outside. It is especially harmful to take the puppy out of the door in this way, when the transition to an open space is critical, or to “protect” it in this way from a running dog. Often, such an inept treatment of a puppy by the owner becomes the cause of overwhelming cowardice in an adult dog. “.
This is a quote from the book of Natalia Dmitrievna Krivolapchuk, a famous Petersburg zoopsychologist. I was lucky to learn from her. I advise you to buy her books “The Dog That Loves” and “The Dog That Should Not Be Afraid”. There are many subtleties that you will not find in other authors.
Psychologist, member of the Guild of Psychotherapy and Training
Co-owner of the Siberian Husky kennel “Silver Wind”.
Up to a month
Under the age of one month, puppies feed exclusively on mother’s milk. If the puppy is weaned from its mother for some reason, it must be fed with a milk replacer for at least two weeks, after which it can be transferred to infant formula without additives.
Important! If you are feeding a husky puppy, do not artificially forget to massage the genital area with a cotton swab dipped in warm water every time before and after meals. This manipulation imitates licking, without which the puppy cannot empty the intestines and bladder.
Puppies from birth to a month old eat little by little, but very often. In the first two weeks of life, babies eat every 2-3 hours without a break for a night’s sleep. From two weeks of age, puppies sleep at night for 4-6 hours.
Water in the diet of a husky puppy
Water plays an extremely important role in a dog’s diet, especially during periods of active growth. Water is the basis of blood and all body fluids, which means that normal growth, development and life itself are impossible without it.
- When fed with natural products, the puppy gets more than half of the necessary conclusions from food. The puppy drinks the lack of liquid as needed.
- When feeding industrial feed, especially dry pellets, the situation changes dramatically. Industrial feeds are stored for 1–2 years, which means they contain preservatives. Absolutely all preservatives either remove water from the body or absorb it. In addition, the dry granules begin to absorb liquid as soon as they enter the dog’s digestive tract. For this reason, after eating dry food, the dog suffers from strong thirst.
Feeding a husky puppy. an approximate menu by age
When compiling an approximate menu by age, many owners doubt which foods are really healthy and safe for a husky puppy. When feeding industrial products, everything is a little simpler, right on the packaging you will find instructions regarding the age, activity and weight of the dog. With a natural diet, more foods should be introduced into the dog’s menu and made sure that the puppy assimilates them normally.
As with young children, the puppy menu is expanding gradually. All new products should be given to the puppy to try in small quantities and monitor the body’s response for several days. If the puppy does not have diarrhea or other symptoms associated with a malfunction of the digestive system, the product is left in the diet.
Choosing a place and utensils for feeding a husky puppy
Husky puppies eat a lot, often and not very carefully. The breed is very active in childhood.
When hunger becomes unbearable, the puppy drops everything and rushes to the bowl, ignoring the obstacles. For this reason, many dogs are injured, get dislocated and even fractured their front legs.
To keep your puppy safe while eating, you need to make the best choice of place and utensils.
- The eating area must be covered with a non-slip mat, preferably rubber.
- A husky puppy from an early age needs to be taught to eat from a stand. It is better to purchase a stand, the height of which is adjusted as the pet grows.
Note! The puppy may hiccup after eating if it swallows food too quickly. To teach your pet to eat correctly and slowly, you can use special bowls with a structured bottom.
Vitamins and supplements in the diet of a husky puppy
During the entire period of active growth, especially at the stage of changing milk teeth, a husky puppy should receive vitamins and supplements. As a natural vitamin supplement, you can add to your puppy’s food:
- High quality meat and bone meal.
- Tricalcium phosphate or other animal feed additives.
- Fish fat.
- Vitamin B complexes. sold in regular pharmacies.
- Omega-3 and Omega-6. Sold in regular pharmacies.
- Brewer’s yeast.
- Greens other than onions.
- Sprouted wheat.
Natural vitamin supplements differ in the quality and content of nutrients that are beneficial to the dog, so they are difficult to dose. As an alternative to the husky puppy, you can give industrial vitamin complexes. Veterinarians recommend purchasing several vitamin complexes with a small composition and alternating them.
Natural diet for a husky puppy
A natural diet for a husky puppy is more natural and optimal. A natural diet is understood as feeding a dog with meat porridge, which consists of meat, cereals and vegetables. In puppyhood, protein foods should prevail in the diet.
Benefits of a natural diet for a husky puppy:
- Puppies willingly consume a variety of natural foods.
- You can always control the freshness and quality of the food you feed your dog.
- You can adjust your puppy’s diet based on his needs, season, rate of weight gain, and so on.
- Husky puppies are very playful, and large, fleshy bones keep the baby’s attention for a long time.
- Feeding with natural, high-quality food is cheaper than high-quality industrial feed. When keeping small dogs, this difference is not very noticeable, but when it comes to a large dog, you need to sensibly assess your capabilities.
Disadvantages of a natural diet for a husky puppy:
- It takes time to prepare quality, balanced food.
- Cooked food should not be left in a bowl, especially in hot weather.
- With an illiterate composition of the diet, there is a risk of developing vitamin deficiency or lack of minerals.
A husky puppy can be transferred to a natural diet from one month of age. If it becomes necessary to feed a puppy from birth, it is better to use a milk replacer, and at 3-4 weeks of age the puppy can be transferred to whole milk.
At 4-6 months
In the period from 4 to 6 months, the puppy’s milk teeth will begin to change. At this age, the baby should receive a diet enriched with trace elements and vitamins. If the puppy lacks microelements, the change of milk teeth may be delayed. Quite often at the age of 4-6 months in husky puppies ears fall due to lack of calcium.
With a natural type of feeding, a six-month-old puppy should be taught to eat food in the form of porridge. Until the puppy reaches the age of one year and does not leave the stage of active growth, the porridge should consist of 50–75% of meat and meat offal. As meat offal, beef liver, lung, udder, heart, peeled chopped tripe are introduced into the puppy’s diet.
With the industrial type of feeding, from 4-4.5 months of age, soaked dry food is introduced into the diet of a husky puppy. This measure is necessary if you plan to transfer your pet to drying feeding. Canned food and milk replacer remain the basis of the diet.
The frequency of feeding a puppy at the age of 4 to 6 months is reduced to 3-4 times, depending on the size of the dog. If the puppy is hungry between meals, you can treat him with raw carrots, calcined cottage cheese, moslak with meat. Large bones with meat serve not only as a snack, but also as a toy to eliminate itching during the change of milk teeth.
In 1 month
When a husky puppy is 1 month old, he will open his eyes and begin to be interested in adult food. By encouraging the interest of the babies, the breeder introduces supplementary foods. Supplementation can be natural or industrial. Pates of the corresponding age range are suitable as finished products for puppies.
Suitable as a natural supplement:
- Whole milk or infant formula without additives.
- Calcined cottage cheese and other fermented milk products.
- Boiled yolk mixed with milk.
- Boiled ground beef.
- Low fat broth.
Monthly puppies eat 4-6 times a day, depending on the build and individual characteristics. The larger the puppies, the less often they eat, as they can eat a large portion of food at one time. Monthly puppies sleep almost all night, so they wake up very hungry. The first feed is usually at 6-7 am.
The daily feed rate depends on weight and age. Look for information on the packaging of your feed.
Features and nutritional rules for husky puppies. How best to feed, what can you give from natural products?
If you are preparing to purchase a husky puppy, you are probably wondering: what to feed him? The problem is that it is very difficult for novice owners to decide, because there are hundreds of manufacturers of ready-made feeds on the market. You also need to choose a food that will depend on the healthy life of your dog. In this article, you will learn about all the intricacies of feeding a husky, find out when and how to do it correctly and, in the end, get rid of this problem.
This wonderful breed, bred from aboriginal dogs, was intended for riding, therefore the distinctive features are speed, great efficiency, strength and endurance. However, for their dedication and friendliness, today huskies are loved to be kept in apartments as well as a pet and companion. And since these dogs are very different from other breeds, you need to pay special attention to their feeding.
- Meat. Low-fat varieties are best suited. chicken, turkey, beef, venison. Pork and lamb, however, should be avoided. Boiled meat with cartilage and films will be of great benefit to the dog’s body.
- By-products. Sometimes they can be a great substitute for meat, or, they can add variety to the protein diet. These are the scar, liver, heart, lung, trachea, spleen and kidneys.
- Fish. Red sea fish (trout, char, salmon, etc.) are suitable as an additional source of protein and essential amino acids. The benefits of fish cannot be overestimated, because its protein is easily absorbed, and the product itself contains a large amount of vitamins (A, B1, B2, B3, B6, B9, B12, C, D, E) and minerals (potassium, phosphorus, sulfur, chlorine, (sodium, magnesium, calcium, iodine, zinc, iron, fluorine). Thanks to this composition, the dog’s functions of the thyroid gland are normalized, metabolic processes, memory and attention are improved, which is important when training and teaching teams. Essential amino acids contained in it, such as arginine, tryptophan, methionine, leucine, valine, lysine, threonine have an antioxidant effect, and the presence of hyaluronic acid and collagen will perfectly serve for the health of the pet’s ligaments and cartilage.
- Eggs. It is allowed to give both quail (2. 3 pcs.) And chicken (boiled or raw).
- Vegetables, boiled, or with the addition of vegetable oil. Necessary micro and macro elements are found in zucchini, pumpkin, cabbage, cucumbers, carrots and beans.
- Fruit. Many pets cannot live without fruit. Spoil them with small servings of banana, apple, pear and tangerine wedges.
- Fermented milk products. The basis for the musculoskeletal system is low-fat dairy products. cottage cheese, kefir. over, they must be absolutely fresh.
- Cereals. To prepare porridge, you need to use only three types of cereals: oatmeal, rice and buckwheat. They contain fiber and dietary fiber that affect the smooth functioning of the intestines.
What can be made from porridge?
- Meat porridge (2 servings). For 500 g of beef tenderloin, pour 1/3 cup of cereal (oatmeal, buckwheat or rice) with water and add carrots and cabbage. Bring to readiness.
- Porridge with chicken. You will need 1 kg of chicken thighs, 1/2 cup of rice, sliced onions, and lavrushka. Pour the meat with water, bring to a boil, then add the rest of the ingredients. Cook until rice is cooked.
- Plain cereal porridge. Just cover the flakes (buckwheat or oatmeal) with hot broth. Improve the dish 1 tsp. butter.
List of prohibited foods
- Fish, tubular bones.
- Minced meat.
- Spices, spices, condiments.
- loaf and other flour products.
- Smoked meats.
- Pickled, spicy food.
- Chocolate, sugar, sweets, candies.
The appearance of a Siberian Husky puppy in the house is a wonderful event. For your pet to be active and healthy, he needs competent care and nutrition. Using this information, you will not have any problems with the nutrition of the puppy, and your pet will be happy and cheerful for many years.
What is the best age to start and how good?
Let’s figure out how to feed puppies 1 month old or older. In any feed, regardless of brand, there are age ranges:
- For puppies from 3 weeks to 2 months and pregnant bitches. STARTER.
- For puppies from 2 to 10 months. PUPPY.
- For dogs from 8 months to 2 years old. JUNIOR.
- For dogs from 1 to 6 years old. ADULT.
- For dogs from 6 years old. food with the formulation “for senior dogs”.
How many times a day?
When the puppies reach 14 days of age, they begin to introduce additional complementary foods. 1-2 times a day:
- Dry granules are soaked in advance with warm water in a ratio of 1: 2.
- Let them steep for about 20 minutes, the granules should swell and become soft. If necessary, you can crush with a spoon and turn them into a mushy mixture.
When the babies are one month old, they switch to 6 meals a day.
- 50. 70% of all food is meat.
- 10. 20% of all food is cereals.
- 20. 30% of all food is vegetables.
- 10. 20% of all food is dairy products.
After the change of milk teeth, solid food rich in protein must be present in the diet of a growing 3-4 month old kitten. It is recommended to diversify dairy products whenever possible. Veterinarians also advise adding vegetables rich in various vitamins to food. Meat components must be included in the pet’s diet in an overwhelming amount, and cereals and vegetables can make up less than half of the daily portion of food. The kitten should not be completely denied meat: the taurine it contains is very important for heart and eye health.
It must be remembered that natural nutrition does not mean feeding the animal with food from your table.
Veterinarians advise including the following natural products in the diet of a kitten for 3-4 months:
Having chosen a certain method of nutrition, do not deviate from it, otherwise it will threaten with unpredictable consequences for the baby’s fragile body. It is forbidden to combine two methods of feeding. the use of natural food and ready-made cat food.
- the wards will have problems with digestion, leading to diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
- an overdose of vitamins in an animal can lead to hypervitaminosis.
What can not be fed?
It is recommended to completely exclude a three-month-old kitten from the diet:
- fatty foods that will only harm the stomach and liver (in particular pork. meat, lard, fat);
- meat with bones (the kitten can choke on hollow bones, scratch the walls of the stomach);
- whole cow’s milk;
- salty and spiced food (often, in an effort to make food more attractive, breeders rely on their taste and make it completely unsuitable and dangerous for a small, fragile organism);
- spicy and canned food (sausages, canned food from your table);
- fried food (can clog the intestines with toxins);
- tomatoes and eggplants;
- corn and cereals from it;
- any sweets, especially chocolate (eating them leads to a weakening of the immune system, causes dental diseases and hair loss).
It is better to limit the use of some products to a minimum, these are:
- oats and legumes;
- River fish;
- potatoes in any form (cats are almost unable to digest starch).
During the period of illness, some foods are also excluded from the diet: with diarrhea. fermented milk, with constipation. solid food containing starch in the required amount of carbohydrates. In addition, the “cat-lover” needs to be very careful and keep vitamins and medications intended for people out of the kitten’s reach, otherwise, having tried them, he may get serious poisoning.
How often and in what quantity a pet can be given basic products per week. each owner decides individually, but the main recommendations are as follows:
|Daily||Every 2 days||in 7 days|
|beef (30-80 grams)||vegetable oil (0.5 tsp)||3-4 times every 7 days: chicken fillet or minced meat: (50-120 grams)|
|milk and fermented milk products without fruit additives (100 grams)||2-3 times every 7 days: vegetable puree or porridge with vegetables (20-30 grams of vegetables)|
|1-2 times every 7 days: raw chicken egg yolk (1 pc.)|
|cereals and cereals in porridge (100 grams)|
|low-fat marine fish (100 grams)|
|beef or chicken liver (50 grams)|
Depending on the exact age, weight and activity of the pet, these proportions can be reduced or increased by 5-15%.
The opinions of veterinarians about which food to prefer. natural or ready-made specialized do not coincide. The main advantage of the ready-made feed is that it is not necessary to introduce special complementary foods, as with natural nutrition, as it already contains fortified supplements. But there is also a significant drawback. the addition of flavors and preservatives, which can harm the health of babies.
If you decide to feed your pet with ready-made food, you need to remember the rules:
- do not mix dry and wet food together;
- stop at the stern of a certain brand and change it only if absolutely necessary.
Choosing ready-made food, you need to carefully study the products of manufacturers. To clarify whether it is possible to use their food, combine dry and wet canned food, in what quantity to give them. According to the recommendations of veterinarians, from four months, the kitten can be poured all the day’s portion at once: he already knows how to control the amount eaten. It is better to pour wet canned food in sauce and jelly in the amount necessary for a single meal. In the case of a possible combination, the daily diet of a pet, according to the recommendations of specialists, should consist of 3 quarters of dry and 1 quarter of canned food.
Therefore, it is better not to save on the health of your favorite pussies. Such brands as Royal Canin, Acana, Purina, Nutro Choice have long established themselves on the Russian market. Among them there are both dry and wet canned food, which can be combined.
Without harming the baby’s health, you can use foods such as:
Feeding regimen and rate
The total weight of portions eaten per day should be approximately 0.2 kg per 1 kg of body weight (with a standard weight, kittens need 0.4 kg of feed per day, i.e. 0.1 kg of feed should be eaten by the pet in one meal). A three-month-old kitten can get by with 180 grams, and a four-month-old kitten may not be enough even two hundred (with a weight of 3 kg. 0.6 kg per day). Appetite and the ability to digest the amount of food offered will depend on many factors: the exact age, breed, activity, weight, health status of the pet.
For every day, experts advise making a varied diet and setting a feeding schedule for pets. It is recommended to feed three-month-old kittens 5-6 times a day, and four-month-old kittens, if there are no problems, can be transferred to 4-time feeding.
Features and rules of feeding
When feeding a kitten at the age of 3-4 months, you need to consider a number of important points:
- the smaller and more active the kitten is, the greater the frequency of feeding should be;
- a malnourished pet will develop more slowly and get sick more often, constantly overeating. suffer from obesity and other diseases;
- decide in advance on the choice of food for your pet: natural food or ready-made food for kittens;
- introduce new products gradually, without offering everything at once and alternating feeding with different foods (the kitten gradually gets used to a certain diet);
- you cannot put the entire daily portion in a bowl: the baby has not yet learned to control his appetite and may overeat, and after a while the hungry body will have nothing to support its growth and playful state;
- watch the temperature of the food served to him: the food should be warm;
- do not forget to add minerals and vitamins to your food;
- the kitten should have a separate bowl for warm drinking water (the drink should be changed often so that it does not stagnate, and the bowl should be thoroughly rinsed from oxidation; the pet should have unlimited access to water).
How to feed a kitten at 3-4 months?
At the age of 3-4 months, the growth of kittens is activated and gaining momentum. There is a change of teeth, there is an intensive development and strengthening of the skeleton, muscle mass grows. significant changes take place in the body. Therefore, the question of how to feed a kitten at 3-4 months is quite relevant. Indeed, for proper development, he will need to choose a balanced diet containing the necessary vitamins and minerals.
At this age, the little fluffy begins to take an active interest in his surroundings and plays with all possible objects. Of course, the baby needs a lot of strength and energy for such activities. The changes and rapid growth taking place in the body also require enormous resources. Where can I get them? The answer is obvious. the kitten can get the necessary substances to support life through food. From which direction in the feeding system you choose, its further development and health of the body will depend.
How and what it is permissible to feed a baby at 4 months
Now that all doubts have been dispelled, we can begin to consider the list of foods that are acceptable as food for a 4 month old baby. These include:
- vegetable puree;
- fruit puree;
- cottage cheese;
- milk mixture.
Frightening variety, isn’t it? But, after all, you need to offer new food gradually and little by little.
Experts recommend starting complementary foods with homogenized vegetable puree from:
Unsweetened vegetable purees may not immediately please a child who is accustomed to the taste of sweetish breast milk or formula, and therefore parental perseverance and patience are required.
When the baby tastes the vegetables (it takes about 5-7 days to adapt), he can be offered fruits, chopped to a puree-like consistency:
Most likely, the child will take up these products more willingly, which, undoubtedly, will delight the mother.
As for cereals, then at 4 months, instant instant gluten-free cereals will be the most suitable food option:
The first juice that a 4 month old baby can taste is apple juice. At the time of acquaintance with this product, it is better to dilute it with boiled water, about 1: 1 and offer no more than a teaspoon, gradually increasing the dose.
It is advisable to introduce the adapted cottage cheese for babies last, in the amount of 1-2 teaspoons in the form of a cheese mass, diluted with breast milk or a mixture.
How to feed a baby at 4 months and how much?
Complementary feeding at 4 months. It is already possible!
Many mothers, despite the opinion of doctors, do not dare to offer a 4-month-old baby vegetable puree or juice, and feed him an exclusively adapted mixture, which is not entirely reasonable, because the child is already quite ready to get acquainted with new products. The key argument in this case is physiology.
Up to 4 months, the child practically does not control the movements of his own tongue and does not really know how to swallow. This means that it is difficult for him to cope with solid food. Even a spoonful of water comes at this time with difficulty and the baby is struggling to push the liquid out of the mouth.
But after 4 months, the business takes on new features, and the child gradually learns to eat. Actually for this reason, there is no need to be afraid of the introduction of complementary foods as additional food at this age. If done correctly, the baby will quickly master the necessary skill.
Basic diet for a baby at 4 months
Following the world practice of feeding infants, at the age of 4 months, mother’s milk (or formula for artificial persons) remains the main type of food. Its daily consumption rate rises to 800-900 grams, and the intervals between feedings are 3-4 hours.
This means that in a day, the baby will be applied to the breast at least 6 times, and eat about 120-140 grams of milk in one sitting. This amount is quite enough to provide a rapidly growing body with a complex of vital vitamins, minerals, proteins, fats and carbohydrates.
If, for some reason, breast milk is not enough, it is no longer able to satisfy your baby’s appetite or pediatricians diagnosed signs of anemia in him, you should think about methods of increasing lactation or introducing complementary foods.
Each new month of a little man’s life is a whole era. Just think what way he goes in just a year. A completely helpless creature right before our eyes, day after day it becomes smarter, more mature, stronger and stronger.
This is a natural process, which is directed by Nature itself, however, not without the active participation of parents. But, we will not argue a lot, but let’s move on to an important issue that is relevant today. nutrition for a 4 month old baby.
German Shepherd puppies at 4 months: photos, changes, normal parameters, feeding, and training
The German Shepherd is a dog breed that originated in southern Germany through the crossing of several breeds.
Representatives of this “family” are distinguished by intelligence, loyalty and sensitivity to training.
Mostly breeders take these dogs for the purpose of protection, show career or as a “family dog”.
In this article we will talk about German Shepherd puppies at the age of 4 months. how to care for them, how to feed them and how to train them.
Height and weight
Growth parameters at the withers in babies are approximately 40-42 cm for bitches and 45-47 for males.
At this age, an active set of muscle mass begins. Weight should be about 17-20 kg (15 is the minimum for good development).
The puppy’s menu should be varied and include meat, vegetables, fish, cereals and milk.
Approximate daily menu for a puppy:
- 400 grams of meat (preferably turkey or beef, because they will not cause an allergic reaction);
- 150-200 grams of cereals (buckwheat or rolled oats. ideally);
- 200 grams of cottage cheese (or any other dairy food);
- 200 grams of vegetables (by the way, carrots help to strengthen bones and improve wool);
- 30 grams of sunflower oil.
No matter how balanced the puppy’s nutrition is, a sufficient amount of vitamins does not enter the dog’s body. Therefore, it is necessary to include vitamin supplements in the diet.
Puppies need calcium. Especially at the age of 4 months, when the formation and development of the skeleton and ligaments occurs.
As baits you can use:
- calcium gluconate;
Calcium is difficult to assimilate in the body of the German Shepherd, so it must be given with fermented milk products.
Vitamin A is found in apples and carrots. If the puppy does not get enough of this vitamin, then his immunity suffers.
Vitamin B. This includes vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, B9 and B12. They are responsible for the metabolism. Found in liver, dairy products and yeast. With a deficiency in the dog, metabolism is disturbed, the condition of the coat worsens.
Vitamin C is responsible for the absorption of calcium and the normal condition of the connective tissues. Found in Tomatoes, Cabbage, and Liver.
Vitamin D. Contained in fermented milk products. With its lack, rickets may develop.
Vitamin E. is found in oils. Responsible mainly for the hormonal background of the dog. Therefore, a sufficient amount of it is more necessary for bitches, tk. with its lack, hormonal disruption can occur, leading to stillbirth, infertility, heart and muscle problems.
Vitamin K is responsible for blood clotting and is found in large amounts in nettles and lettuce.
Regarding vitamin complexes, you can indicate “Trivit” (oil drops, add 3-5 drops per day to food), brewer’s yeast. Add algae and seaweed to your dog’s diet.
Also for puppies there is a huge number of vitamin complexes that can be purchased at veterinary pharmacies.
As already mentioned, it is necessary to choose super premium food for puppies. Yes, they are more expensive than other classes of feed, but you cannot save on the health of your pet.
HUSKIES @4 MONTHS daily routine
Popular manufacturers of puppy food are:
- Dukes Farm;
- Arden Grange;
You can also use PURINA products, but with care, because This food contains a large amount of dry chicken meat, which can cause an allergic reaction.
The decision to feed should be based on the puppy’s reaction. If you have allergies or problems with stool, the condition of the coat, mucous membranes or the general condition of the dog has worsened, then this food should be abandoned.
How often to feed and how much to give?
All this yummy must be broken into several servings (4 is the maximum). Accordingly, one serving will be 250-300 grams.
4 month OLD SIBERIAN HUSKY MID DAY ROUTINE
But every breeder needs to monitor the puppy’s post-meal behavior to adjust the portion size. If the dog actively licks an empty bowl, shows anxiety and whines, then the size of the portion should be increased, and if the dog does not finish eating, it should be reduced.
How character changes?
At the age of 4 months, the puppy tries to establish a hierarchy in the family for himself. It is necessary to show who should be obeyed and who should be protected. It is important that the puppy understands that all members of his family are more important than him.
Due to such a difficult stage of psychological formation, it is rather difficult to talk about the character of the puppy. Aggression is abruptly replaced by playfulness and affection, and they, in turn, can give way to fearfulness.
Mostly a bit lethargic behavior is noticed, especially when the puppy is tired.
Also, at this age, the attention of dogs is scattered, so even the usual commands may not be followed.