The weight and size of the Pomeranian depending on gender: how to measure the height of a dog and the development of a puppy up to a year
Pomeranian Spitz are small, very beautiful and fluffy dogs that can appear somewhat larger due to their long and thick coat, which visually gives them additional volume.
It is very important for owners of such pets to know how much their spitz weigh.
The size and weight of the dog is of considerable importance not only for the show career, but also for the health of the Pomeranians.
And, of course, the owners of puppies need to be especially careful about how their pet grows and develops.
What affects puppy development?
There are several factors that affect how quickly an orange puppy grows:
- Heredity. In small parents, puppies, as a rule, are born small too. If one of the manufacturers was small, and the second one has almost grown to the upper limit of the standard, then options are possible. Babies from such litters can grow both large and small. Given that genes can lie as you please, none of the responsible breeders can guarantee that this or that puppy will grow up small or, conversely, large. In addition, representatives of different lines gain height and weight in different ways, which also affects the growth rate of puppies.
- The quality of litter cultivation. Conscientious breeders feed babies with the best food they can afford. Breeders often deliberately underfeed puppies so that they grow worse and look smaller. Subsequently, poor-quality feeding will inevitably affect the growth and development of a small Pomeranian, although, probably, over time, he will be able to catch up in size with his peers.
- Feeding. Depending on whether the growing orange eats natural food or ready-made food, it will grow in different ways. Babies who are fed home-made food grow faster and at 4-6 months they reach the height, and sometimes even the weight of adult animals. When fed dry food, the puppy will grow more slowly. But in the end it will still reach the same size as when eating “natural”. It just happens a little later.
- Vitamins. If you give your pet vitamin and mineral supplements, it will gain height and weight faster. But this does not mean at all that the Spitz will grow larger or heavier due to vitamins. The exception is special supplements to increase muscle mass, which are contraindicated in principle for Pomeranian Spitz.
- Physical activity. Adequate physical activity helps your puppy develop properly. Such a Pomeranian, probably, will not grow larger than his littermates, while away time on the couch. But he, unlike them, will be more athletic and vysokopredny, because of which he will look taller and more proportional to them.
Serious illnesses in puppyhood can slow down or even stop the growth of a growing Spitz.
How to measure height correctly?
After placing a puppy or adult orange on the table, you need to attract his attention with a toy or treat. This is done to get the dog into a show stand.
After that, a measuring tape is taken and applied to the withers of the animal, and its other edge remains hanging freely.
The size of the dog is determined by pulling a measuring tape up to the tabletop on which the pet stands. The distance from the nape of the spitz to the surface on which the dog stands is its growth at the withers.
There is another way to measure the growth of an animal, but for this you will need to make a special device.
A long and sufficiently strong ruler with divisions to the very bottom is taken, on which a limiter is put on, which moves freely along the length of the measuring device.
The growth of the Spitz is measured by placing a ruler on a flat surface next to the dog, and the limiter is moved to the level of the withers.
Puppy weight and sizes from 1 to 12 months
|Puppy age||Weight (depending on the size variety)||Height at the withers (medium, for standard sized dogs)|
|At birth||70-95 grams||105-125 grams||130-140 grams||–|
|1 month||210-275 grams||325-370 grams||460-490 grams||7-12 cm|
|2 months||320-460 grams||550-620 grams||680-770 grams||up to 14 cm|
|3 months||460-690 grams||800-920 grams||1.0-1.15 kg||up to 16 cm|
|4 months||600-880 grams||1.0-1.175 kg||1.3-1.45 kg||up to 17 cm|
|5 months||700-1030 grams||1.2-1.35 kg||1.55-1.7 kg||up to 18 cm|
|6 months||770-1150 grams||1.3-1.5 kg||1.7-1.9 kg||18-20|
|1 year||1.0-1.4 kg||1.7-1.9 kg||2.1-2.3 kg||18-22|
Since all puppies grow differently, in babies of the same age up to 6 months, the height at the withers can vary greatly.
How old do they grow?
Pomeranian Spitz, belonging to different lines, can grow in different ways. Representatives of some already at 4 months almost reach the height and weight of adult animals, while others gain the required size only by 9 months.
On average, it is assumed that Pomeranians fully grow up to 6 months in height, but subsequently continue to gain weight for several more months.
It should also be borne in mind that the development of bitches may stop with the onset of the first puddle. Some Pomeranian girls, after the end of their first estrus, no longer gain a centimeter in height.
Finally, the physical development of a pet of this breed ends in 2-3 years: by this age, the Spitz not only fully grows in height, but also gains the necessary weight.
What to do if the weight is lagging behind
A slight lag in weight from the norm (5-10% of body weight) is not an indicator of the puppy’s abnormal development. Probably, the baby has a lighter skeleton, or maybe it just does not grow quite evenly: first it gains height, and then body weight.
The main criterion in this case should be the well-being and activity of the pet.
In the event that the lag in weight exceeds 10% of the recommended rate, then you need to take action. You may need to increase the calorie content of the food or change the brand of feed.
If the underweight is due to improper rearing, or if the Pomeranian, as a puppy, suffered from something serious, you cannot do without consulting a veterinarian.
In some cases, it will also be useful to increase the duration of walks and the intensity of physical activity, especially if the dog previously led a sedentary lifestyle.
In order to know exactly how the pet’s growing up process will take place, it is recommended to ask the breeder about how the dogs of the lines to which the baby’s father and mother belong are growing and developing.
Conclusion and conclusions
The weight and height of the Pomeranian should be proportionate. Both underweight and excess weight are undesirable.
As for puppies, given that animals of different lines develop in different ways, one can only predict, but not calculate for sure, what size and weight the baby will reach after final maturation.
In any case, the owner of a small orange needs to closely monitor the rate at which it grows.
A slight lag in weight gain or height in comparison with the recommended values should not bother the owners of the puppies, but a strong discrepancy with the average data should already be alarming.
Features of the diet of two-month-old puppies of different breeds
The nutrition of two-month-old puppies of different breeds is different. And this is natural. For example, Chihuahuas and Huskies have different metabolism, size, level of physical activity, and genetic makeup. In particular, the size of the breed largely depends on how, with what and how much to feed the kitten.
Basic feeding rules
Two months is the most difficult age for puppies. They go through stress after stress: moving to another house, the first visits to the vet and vaccinations, meeting new people, places and animals. In addition, two-month-old kutyats are growing rapidly: from 8 to 12 weeks, their weight doubles.
Consider the basic rules to consider when feeding puppies.
The first 2 weeks after the purchase of the baby, he is fed the same as the breeder. Only on the 3rd week do they change the diet, introducing new products and gradually increasing their volume. If you immediately transfer the puppy to a new menu, the disruption of the gastrointestinal tract is guaranteed.
An indicative diet for a two-month carouse consists of: 40-45% meat, 35-40% dairy and fermented milk products, 15-30%. vegetables, cereals and other food. But these proportions are approximate and depend on the breed (of course, the needs of the Yorkie and the shepherd are different), the size, sex and individual development of the dog.
Meat is the main ingredient. It is given at the rate of 15-30 g per 1 kg of body weight per day. However, the calculations are again approximate and depend on individual factors.
For example, bulldogs feel great on a low-protein diet, and huskies are small and 25 g of meat. Here they are guided by the characteristics of the breed and the state of health of the crumbs.
Food temperature. room temperature or slightly higher. Hot and cold food irritates the esophagus and stomach.
An important question is how many times a day to feed a two-month-old puppy?
Food should be given 5-6 times a day at regular intervals. By 3-4 months, reduce the number of meals to four. Exclude night feedings after 10-11 pm. the baby’s stomach should rest.
You should feed every day at a specific time to develop a diet.
Provide constant access to water. It is recommended to change the water 2-4 times a day, because when drinking, food residues, saliva, wool, dirt get into the liquid.
It is advisable to use bowls with a stand. Their height is adjusted so that the pet keeps the neck straight, without pulling it up or down. Otherwise, a high load on the shoulder girdle is created, which over time can lead to deformation of the bone.
Remember that it is at 2 months that the puppy develops food habits and the concept of a regimen. Instill a love of quality nutrition by the hour. get a healthy, hardy dog.
Examples of medium breeds: Jack Russell Terrier, Labrador, Dachshund, Beagle, Cocker Spaniel, Staffordshire Terrier, German Pinscher, Medium Spitz, Corgi.
Such puppies at 2 months differ greatly in size, temperament and mobility. But they are usually active and expend a lot of energy. Therefore, their diet includes 50-60% of meat and dairy products, and the rest of the menu is made up of vegetables, fruits, cereals, etc.
Approximate daily meals for medium breed puppies at 2 months old:
- The first feeding is cottage cheese with sour cream;
- The second is raw meat (fish) with grated vegetables and vegetable oils;
- Third. milk porridge with half a boiled egg;
- Fourth. porridge in broth with vegetables or offal with zucchini, carrots or cabbage;
- Fifth. milk porridge with fruits and berries;
- Sixth. raw meat with vegetable oil.
Homemade food for a kitten at 2 months
A natural puppy menu at home includes:
- Low-fat meat. Veal, chicken, turkey, rabbit meat will do. The meat is kept in the freezer for 3 days to kill the helminths. Cut into pieces of such a size that the dog does not swallow them, but chews a little.
- By-products. They give lungs, a scar, a liver (no more than 1-2 times a week), a heart, an udder, etc. The volume in comparison with meat is 1.5 times more.
- Sea fish. It should be cleaned of bones, boiled or scalded with boiling water. Can be ground in a blender. Fish is less high-calorie than meat, so its portion should be 2 times more meat. But it is advisable to feed it to the dog more often 1-2 times a week.
- Vegetables. Often, two-month-old puppies love zucchini, carrots, cabbage. Pumpkin, cauliflower, broccoli, cucumbers, beets are also good. They are boiled or steamed, vegetable oil is added. In between main feedings, raw vegetables are given to improve peristalsis and train teeth.
- Fruits and berries. Apples, pears, apricots, cherries, mountain ash, gooseberries, blueberries, strawberries. Fed raw.
- Cereals. Oatmeal (rolled oats), buckwheat are best suited. Rice is introduced 1-2 times a week, as with frequent use it causes constipation.
- Dairy products. Kefir, cottage cheese, bioyogurt. At 2 months, you can also give milk 1-2% fat.
- Eggs. Quail or chicken. raw, boiled, in the form of an omelet.
My puppy growth from 1.5 month to 3 months | GERMAN SPITZ PUPPY | POMMIE | Watch my puppy grow
Meat should not be mixed with cereals and milk. Various intestinal enzymes are needed to digest them. Therefore, meat food is given with vegetables, and porridge is boiled in water, broth or milk with the addition of plant products.
Large and giant
Large and giant dogs are the most difficult to raise. These are such breeds as Alabai, Doberman, Rottweiler, St. Bernard, Great Dane, Newfoundland, East European Shepherd Dog (VEO), etc.
Large dogs gain weight rapidly. And the backbone does not have time to get stronger, therefore it is often deformed. Plus, the heart can’t handle pumping blood. Therefore, large pets often have diseases of the musculoskeletal system and the cardiovascular system.
The imbalance will even out by the year, but until then, weight and nutrition are carefully monitored.
The diet of a 2 month old large breed puppy should consist of:
Chondoprotectors are required. they are needed for the formation of joints, cartilage, ligaments.
An example of a menu for a large or giant breed puppy at 2 months:
- the first breakfast. cottage cheese with milk;
- second breakfast. chopped meat with boiled vegetables and a teaspoon of olive oil;
- lunch. buckwheat porridge in meat broth;
- second lunch. rice or rolled oats cooked in milk;
- afternoon tea. shabby or chopped apples, pears, carrots;
- dinner. chopped offal or chopped fish with vegetables and vegetable oil.
Delicious treats and goodies
Any dog is sure that a day without a treat will be wasted. In order to please the pet and not harm her, they select useful treats:
It is impossible to give immensely goodies to a 2 month old puppy. It’s just a way to please your baby, encourage good behavior, develop a habit, or learn a command.
The maximum daily amount of snacks is no more than 10% of the total diet.
All About Feeding Your Two Month Old Puppy Properly
At two months, the kitten is taken away from the mother, less often. they are weaned from breastfeeding. But in any case, it is transferred to the “adult” menu.
This is no longer feeding, as in monthly babies, but a full-fledged diet. How balanced and nutritious it will be. how healthy the puppy will grow.
During this period, it is important to properly formulate the diet. If the dog is the first, it is easy to make mistakes that affect the body. We will consider in detail the issue of feeding two-month-old puppies, as well as the nutritional features of large, medium and decorative breeds.
Decorative dogs are popular because of their lightweight content. Among them: miniature pinscher, pomeranian, york, chihuahua, mini-poodle, toy terrier, etc. But their food is not as simple as it seems at first glance.
Two-month-old puppies of small and dwarf breeds have an accelerated metabolism. They spend a lot of energy maintaining their body temperature. In addition, they are very mobile, they consume calories quickly.
Therefore, kids of decorative breeds need high-calorie food rich in proteins (at least 75%) and carbohydrates. Plus, easily digestible. And the portions should be small (due to a small stomach), but hearty.
Consider that decorative dogs have small, weak teeth. Therefore, natural food is finely chopped, scraped or ground in a blender. Drying is soaked in water, canned food is kneaded with a fork or replaced with pate.
Indicative menu for two month old small breed puppies:
- 7.00. milk porridge with a quarter of the yolk;
- 10.00. grated carrot or apple with vegetable oil;
- 13.00. cottage cheese mixed with kefir or milk;
- 15.00. scraped meat or fish with broth and grated vegetables;
- 18.00. stewed vegetables with olive oil;
- 21.00. meat or offal, cut and heat-treated.
How to feed a Spitz puppy
The Pomeranian is not particularly picky about food. In childhood, when transferring from mother’s milk to a regular diet, Spitz babies may have digestive problems.
But they pass quickly if you know how to feed your pet properly:
Meat and offal are the main sources of protein for a small fluffy pet. Beef and chicken are preferred. You can give rabbit, liver, heart, lungs and stomachs. Starting with minced meat, gradually accustom your baby to pieces of meat. It is better to boil the chicken, and the beef can be fed raw, but frozen.
The diet of a Spitz puppy includes meat, fish, dairy products, vegetables, cereals.
This is the most unfavorable food option for the Pomeranian. Commercial food contains the necessary complex of vitamins and minerals, fats, proteins and carbohydrates that a small dog needs. If natural food is added to such food: meat, cottage cheese, then over time the dog will have an overdose of vitamins.
The orange will quickly begin to gain excess weight, which is dangerous to health. In addition, the combination of prepared food and natural food can cause indigestion and chronic bowel disease in Pomeranian.
Dry food and its varieties
Dry food is fairly easy to use. With its help, even a child can keep a dog full. This food can be left in a bowl throughout the day and will not spoil. If you are planning a trip, you can purchase a small pack and take it with you without exposing the dog to hunger.
How Much To Feed A Puppy & How Often Should Puppies Eat
Feeding ready-made dry food is perhaps the most preferable for the Pomeranian. A large selection of them today will allow you to find food suitable for any dog - even a large allergy sufferer. Not all feeds are the same, some of them are better and less preferable, it is important to carefully choose which feed to start feeding the Pomeranian.
- Brit Premium;
- Dog Chow;
- Purina Pro Plan;
These are the most common foods. They are not expensive and affordable. Premium food contains vitamins and minerals, so there is no need to add them separately to the diet. However, the percentage and quality of meat products in these feeds leaves much to be desired, usually these are by-products and waste of meat production.
Pro Plan premium food is one of the most popular among Pomeranian owners.
The first place in the composition of premium food contains cereals and cereals. Often there are corn, soy, and flavorings. The composition is usually not detailed, products are listed without percentages. Such food can be used, however, only in a young and healthy dog, if there is no other alternative.
- Brit Care;
- 1st choice;
- Almo nature.
These feeds are much better in quality than premium feeds. There are no flavors in super premium food, the percentage of meat is high, and the meat products themselves are of high quality. Corn and soybeans are unacceptable in such feed. If you carefully consider the composition, then the percentage of all components will be indicated there.
- GO !;
There is a holistic line for Brit, Almo Nature, Eukanuba. These are the most modern feeds and do not contain any grains. The meat ingredients of this high quality feed are marketed as sourced from free-range animals such as chickens.
In the photo, the food is holistic of the Acana class, perfect for feeding the Pomeranian.
Does not contain fragrances. These feeds are more expensive than the previous two groups, however, a large percentage of meat makes holistic feeds highly digestible and much less of them are required to get satiated.
Here are a few of the foods that many Pomeranian owners prefer:
The choice of food from one of these classes is individual. not all foods are suitable for all dogs. Given the tendency of young Pomeranians to hypoglycemia, do not force the Pomeranian to eat food that he does not like, the dog will simply go on a hunger strike and may suffer. It is worth buying a product of another brand that the pet will eat with pleasure.
Dry food in the dog’s stomach swells and is digested. Therefore, when feeding with dry food, the dog should always have clean and fresh water. It should be a habit for the owner to check for water in the dog.
Famous Purina One, Pedigree, Chappi are economy class food. They are undesirable for the Spitz’s nutrition, as they have a poor-quality composition and cause diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Basic rules for feeding a Pomeranian Spitz
Do not take the puppy from the mother earlier than 6 weeks, or even better wait for 10 weeks and vaccinations.
Spitz needs to be fed at least 2 times a day, ideally. 3 meals a day.
When taking your puppy, do not forget to find out what the baby is used to eating from the breeder. Keep the same diet for the first week so that the orange is less nervous about the changes in his furry life.
Given the tendency to be overweight, feeds should be frequent and small meals. Feeding a Spitz less than 2-3 times a day is dangerous. In this case, it is better to leave the pet feeder with dry food.
Pomeranian Spitz. how to feed, what to feed, what problems arise
The Pomeranian is an incredibly charming dog. Her cute expression on the muzzle, hair forming a shaggy ball around the dog’s body, and good-natured nature make the Spitz more popular day by day. This resilient companion dog is winning the hearts of fans, forcing more and more people to bring home the furry wonder. In order for the Pomeranian to grow up a handsome man, it is important to feed it properly.
Natural food is chosen by owners who are responsible for the health of the dog. They are willing to spend a lot of money on quality food and time to cook a dog’s lunch.
When choosing natural feeding, you should pay special attention to the freshness of the products. meat and milk should not arouse suspicion.
Cooked porridge should not be stored in the refrigerator for more than three days, which means that you constantly need to prepare fresh food.
We must not forget about vitamin supplements to food, because even the most responsible owner finds it difficult to provide a Spitz with all the necessary vitamins from food.
Attention. Natural food is preferable for the smallest puppies, with its help it is easy to accustom the dog to different tastes of food.
Feeding the puppy at 1-2 months
The decision of how many times to feed the Pomeranian depends on the age of the dog. Puppies, starting from three weeks old, will receive complementary foods in the form of minced meat to breast milk. A month-old puppy, if it happens to wean him from a bitch, will eat 5-6 times a day.
Diet of a month-old Pomeranian puppy:
- Liquid milk porridge.
- Cottage cheese, you can add a drop of sour cream.
- Minced meat with porridge and vegetables.
- The portions are very small. the puppy is still very small.
When the Pomeranian baby grows up, it’s time to decide what to feed him at 2 months old. It’s simple. continue the diet of a month old puppy.
Five feeds a day will suffice:
- Dairy products. porridge is already thicker than before, larger portion.
- Cottage cheese and eggs. half each, twice a week.
- Porridge with minced meat, sometimes offer chopped meat.
The ideal menu for a spitz
When choosing a diet for your dog, several factors should be considered, such as the dog’s age, height, weight and level of exercise. However, there are rules that apply to the nutrition of a Pomeranian in any case.
There are a number of foods that are not assimilated by the dog’s body, which can lead to health problems, injure the organs of the digestive system, and also reduce the level of absorption of nutrients. The Spitz should never be fed:
- fatty meats. pork and lamb (they are poorly digested and lead to obesity);
- milk (in the body of the Spitz there is no lactose. an enzyme that is responsible for the digestion of milk);
- legumes (they impair the absorption of vitamin D, which is necessary for the normal development of the skeleton);
- bones (they can damage the esophagus and stomach);
- smoked and boiled sausage, sausages;
- smoked and salted fish;
- spices and seasonings;
- any fried, pickled and spicy food;
- sweet (flour products, chocolate, sugar, sweets, etc.);
- citrus fruits;
- pearl barley, semolina and millet;
- any products with high preservatives and artificial colors.
- expired products.
Foods that should be on the Spitz‘s menu
For the full functioning of the body, the dog needs to receive proteins, carbohydrates, fats in moderation, as well as trace elements and other useful substances. And in order to provide a Spitz with all this, it is imperative to include the following products in his diet:
- Meat: lean beef, veal, lamb, turkey, chicken. It is the main source of proteins and trace elements.
- By-products: chicken or beef heart, veal or chicken liver, tripe (once a week). By-products are source of trace elements and vitamins, especially A (large amount in the liver).
- Eggs: chicken, quail (2 pcs per week). They are source of protein, vitamins D, E, A, B6, B2, B12, trace elements calcium, magnesium and iron.
- Sea fish, squid. Serve as the main source of essential amino acids, trace elements iodine, phosphorus, magnesium, fluorine, calcium, iron, vitamins D, E, A, B12, B6.
- Cottage cheese (fat content no more than 10%), kefir (fat-free). Contains calcium, potassium, iron, magnesium, manganese, zinc, phosphorus, copper, molybdenum, vitamins B2, B3, B1, B6, B12, B9, C, E. H, PP, as well as proteins.
- Herbs: parsley, dill, spinach. Contains a large amount of vitamins PP, C, E, B2, B1, A, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, as well as folic acid and beta-carotene, which increase immunity and improve vision.
- Fruits: bananas, apples, apricots, melons, persimmons; dried fruits.
- Vegetable: carrots, beets, cabbage, pumpkin, zucchini.
- Olive oil (very small amount of vegetable salad dressing).
- Porridge: rice, buckwheat, rolled oats (no more than 10% of the daily diet).
How often to feed your Spitz?
- a puppy at the age of 1-2 months needs to be fed 6 times a day;
- 2-3 months. 5 times a day;
- at 3-6 months. 3-4 times a day;
- at 6-8 months. 2-3 times a day;
- an adult Spitz (from 8 months) should be fed 2 times a day.
The portion that is consumed by the dog is purely individual and depends not only on the level of physical activity and the size of the dog, but also on the characteristics and condition of its body. Determining the amount of food to feed your Spitz at a time is easy. If after eating food in the bowl there are malnourishes, then the portion must be reduced. In no case should you leave half-eaten food in a bowl until the next day. it must be removed immediately. If the dog licks the bowl for a long time and thoroughly after feeding, then the portion must be increased.
How to feed your puppy correctly?
At 2-3 months, Spitz puppies are still not allowed all those products that an adult dog can use. It is best to feed the puppy only low-fat boiled meat, steamed vegetables, buckwheat and rice, a small amount of cottage cheese with kefir, boiled yolk (1-2 pcs per week). Also, in addition to meat, the cartilage of goats and calves will be useful.
How to properly prepare food for a Spitz?
Under no circumstances should meat be fried or stewed. Beef (lean) should be scalded with boiling water or given raw to older dogs. Turkey or chicken breast must be boiled and skinned.
As for the fish, boil it and carefully remove all the bones from it before giving it to the dog.
Eggs should be boiled, you can also give raw yolk.
By-products should be present in the Spitz’s diet in moderation, they should in no case serve as a substitute for meat, which is mandatory for dogs. This is especially true of the liver, which contains a large amount of minerals and vitamins. If you give too much of it, the dog can suffer from diseases caused by an overdose of vitamins and minerals. It is not recommended to feed Spitz with raw offal, they must be boiled.
Vegetables can be steamed, greens can be raw.
The Spitz’s diet should consist of 2/3 of food containing protein (meat, cottage cheese, eggs, fish) and 1/3 of cereals, vegetables and fruits. All these components are prepared separately, they can be mixed directly during feeding.
What and how to feed a spitz to keep him healthy?
Spitz is a breed of dog that belongs to the fourth section of the fifth group according to the classification of the International Cynological Federation. These dogs are direct descendants of the peat dog that lived in the Stone Age.
There are several varieties of Spitz, which differ in size and color:
- Wolfspitz. The color is gray. Height at the withers. 0.43-0.55 m;
- Grossspitz (Great Spitz). Reaches 0.42-0.5 m at the withers. Has a white, brown or gray color.
- Mittelspitz (Medium Spitz). Height at the withers. 0.3-0.38 m.Color orange, gray, brown, black, white, etc.
- Kleinspitz (Small Spitz). Height at the withers. 0.23-0.29 m.Different color: from black, white, to orange, black, brown, etc.
- Miniature Spitz (Pomeranian, Miniature Spitz). Height at the withers. 0.18-0.22 m.Color orange, white, gray, brown, etc.
All Spitz, regardless of the species, have a fluffy coat with a very soft undercoat, they look like a Staffordshire Bull Terrier, of course we are joking)))). In terms of character, these dogs are very affectionate and friendly, which makes them ideal companions. Spitz are very quick-witted and easy to train, so they are great for beginner dog lovers. Plus, these dogs always get along well with children.
As for health, Spitz, unlike other modern dog breeds, are less likely to suffer from congenital diseases and have practically no predisposition to any diseases. However, one of the most common problems is the tendency of these dogs to become obese, especially for the Kleinspitz and Miniature Spitz. And to avoid this, you need to carefully monitor the dog’s diet, as well as the level of its physical activity.
Unwanted foods are divided into those that should not be given categorically, and those that need to be given with caution and watch the reaction.
We give with care:
Differences in the diet of puppies of different breeds
Oddly enough, dogs have different dietary requirements.
Small breeds have small stomachs but high energy requirements, so it is important to provide a high calorie diet so that the dog can meet his needs even with a small serving size. A similar need exists for medium-sized breeds.
Large breeds are another matter. A good half of the owners consider it their duty to abundantly feed puppies of large breeds, which is why they often overeat. In addition to the fact that this leads to obesity, there is another problem: the puppy’s body weight is growing rapidly, and the skeleton and joints do not have time to adjust to this weight. Therefore, in adulthood, such dogs experience problems with the development of the skeleton and joints. It is necessary to provide the pet with a moderate amount of calories, perhaps it will grow more slowly than its overfed counterparts, but it will be healthier and reach the required size during the required period of development of the body.
How to feed your puppy: 2 months old
The age of two months is very important in the development of the puppy, at this time the baby experiences the first stress. vaccination, goes through quarantine. How successfully he will develop at this age will determine his future health.
There are special vitamin and mineral complexes specifically for puppies. Large breed dogs should be given vitamins to strengthen bones and joints.
Vitamins A and C are very important, they are responsible for the immunity and functioning of the liver, kidneys, stomach. Vitamin D promotes growth and development. Of the micronutrients, puppies are advised to consume iron, potassium and folic acid.
Carefully observe the dosages indicated on the packages, because hypervitaminosis (that is, an excess of vitamins) is just as undesirable as vitamin deficiency.
You need to feed your baby at least 5 times a day. It is advisable that you feed the dog at a specific time, because it is at this age that the foundations of the regimen are laid. The dog needs to be allowed to eat for about 15-20 minutes. If the puppy has not eaten a portion during this time, do not hesitate to remove the bowl, the next feeding should take place on schedule and not earlier.
An example menu looks like this:
1st feeding. cottage cheese or oatmeal with milk.
2nd feeding. porridge with meat / fish and vegetables.
4th feeding. porridge with meat and vegetables in broth (meat or vegetable).
- Get a bowl on a stand so that the puppy does not lean towards it, as this increases the load on the dog’s shoulder girdle.
- Occasionally, between meals, you can give a dog treat or a bone from the veins.
- Pork and lamb,
- Bones, especially chicken,
- Garlic and onion,
- Citrus and sour fruits,
- loaf, pasta,
- Salt, spices, condiments, spicy foods.
- Smoked meats.
“Human” food is generally not desirable even for an adult dog, and even more so for a puppy.