Dog nutrition after a year
Since up to a year and a half years, depending on the breed, a dog is considered a puppy, it needs to eat often at this age. Babies under 2 months old are fed 6 times a day, from 2 to 3 months. 5 times a day, from 5 months to 1 year old a puppy on three meals a day, and after a year a young dog should be transferred to two meals a day.
Some dog handlers advise gradually, by the age of 2-3 years, to teach the dog to eat only once a day, but most still believe that it is optimal to feed an active and mobile animal, especially if it is a working dog, twice. after a morning walk and after an evening walk. You should not treat the animal as a capricious child and offer him food some time after he has already refused it. You also don’t need to leave uneaten food in your dog’s bowl.
If the dog refuses to feed or, having eaten a little, is distracted by other activities, consider that you have fulfilled your master’s duty and the dog is simply not hungry. Allow for feeding no more than 15 minutes, after which the dog should have only one bowl. with fresh water. Such a feeding regime disciplines the animal and gradually the dog will quickly eat everything that is put to it.
But in the case when an adult dog, already accustomed to such feeding, refuses to eat, observe its behavior. it is quite possible that it is not healthy. In animals, as in humans, refusal of familiar and favorite food can serve as a signal of illness.
- How many times a day to feed the dog
- How to feed a puppy from one month old
- How to feed a toy terrier correctly
How many times a day to feed the dog. How to feed your dog properly
Remember that your mistakes can cause chronic illness in your dog. Do not feed her with those products from your table that you consider to be delicacies. meat and fish smoked meats, aged cheeses, spicy, salty and sweet should be strictly prohibited. Puppies whose permanent teeth have not yet formed should not be given bones. And the tubular bones of a bird with their sharp fragments can destroy an adult animal.
Adjust the daily feed intake according to the size, age and physical activity of your pet. If he spent the day off with you in nature, running and playing, the amount of food should be increased. When there is enough food, an indicator of this will be normal body condition, which does not hide the developed muscles. In the event that the dog seems thin to you, consult your veterinarian and, if necessary, increase the daily allowance. Remember that overfeeding your dog can cause obesity, which leads to impaired heart function.
Diet, what you need to know
Establishing a diet and walking pattern begins 1-2 weeks after the dog moves to a new home. There are several advantages to composing a specific regimen:
- It is easier to formulate a complete diet and make sure that the dog gets all the necessary foods.
- You know exactly when the pet needs to be taken outside, which prevents the appearance of “unpleasant surprises” in the house.
- The dog will not “bite”, which has a positive effect on metabolism.
- The most common cause of food poisoning is picking up missing food from the ground. A dog eating according to the regimen does not feel the desire to eat everything in a row, it knows exactly when it will be fed.
- Diet and exercise reduce the risks of obesity and metabolic disorders.
- If you keep your dog on a chain, feeding on a regimen makes it easier to keep the kennel and grounds clean.
The diet of the puppy is quite painstaking and consists of 5–6 feedings. By 1 year, the animal is transferred to 2 meals a day. Most often, the pet is fed in the morning (before work) and in the evening around 17-18 hours, after a walk, the pet is given milk or broth.
A pregnant dog requires a special approach. A future mom can become picky, suffer from toxicosis, and after 30 days, the pet is physically unable to eat the required portion at one time. Usually, the daily norm of a dog, taking into account pregnancy, is divided into 3-4 meals, while the weight of the pet is strictly controlled. obesity can provoke complications in childbirth.
The correct formulation of the diet and walks depends only on the owner, but the algorithm of actions is as follows:
- Decide when it is convenient to feed and walk your dog.
- When calculating time intervals, keep in mind that the pet needs to be taken for a walk 20-30 minutes after eating and after 6-8 hours.
- When the dog turns 2 years old, it will learn to restrain itself for 2-3 hours, but pregnant, elderly, sick animals, especially those with renal failure, cannot be “tolerated”.
- Introduce the regimen gradually, usually, the animal will fully adapt in 4-8 weeks.
How to correctly calculate the daily feed rate?
Based on breed statistics and pet’s physical activity. With active loads, sports, employment of the dog in the service, the statistical rate is increased by 10-25%. Decreased activity, apathetic character, old age may be the reason for reducing the daily rate by 10-20%. In any case, watch the pet’s reaction, after eating the dog calmly moves away from the bowl. the rate is calculated correctly, the animal actively licks the “feeder” ¸ begs during the day. there is not enough food. Overfeeding prevention is as follows:
- The dog is fed 2 times a day, at the same time.
- Regardless of whether the dog has finished eating, the bowl is removed after 15 minutes.
- The dog always has a bowl of fresh clean water available, especially if the animal eats dry food.
How many times a day to feed the dog. Healthy eating rules
Every breeder should understand that a dog is a healthy animal by nature and if you do not take into account congenital defects, all diseases are the consequences of violation of the rules of keeping. The foundation of an animal’s health is good nutrition, suitable conditions for keeping and raising a pet. One of the reasons for various ailments is obesity, so we will figure out how many times a day to feed an adult dog and how to control its weight.
Should you give your dog nutritional supplements??
Need to! However, be careful about the dosage. Optimally. to consult with a veterinarian or a dog handler, if this is not possible, choose universal feeding with a complex of vitamins. The puppy needs to be given vitamins and supplements constantly, alternating them in composition. Adults, especially yard dogs, need to conduct feeding courses in spring and autumn.
What is obesity?
Place the dog in a “rack” and examine:
- The ribs are not visible visually, but they are felt with careful palpation. the norm.
- Moslaki (the end of the paw bones in the hip joint) and the hillocks of the pelvis are not visible, but stand out when palpating. the norm.
If, on examination, slight obesity is revealed, adjust the diet and increase physical activity. A dog with an “advanced” stage of obesity needs examination and the development of a special diet, increasing stress can damage the heart.
A dog refuses food is a disease?
Of course, refusal of treats and food is alarming, however, if the pet is visually healthy, playful, takes water and does not show signs of illness, do not worry. Almost all canines, especially large dogs, once every 3-4 months, more often in winter, arrange fasting days for themselves.
We eliminate common mistakes in advance
Below you will find the arguments, opinions of experts and experienced breeders, which will help you understand if you are doing everything right and will answer many questions of young dog breeders in advance.
Is it possible to change the diet of feeding from industrial to natural or vice versa?
It is possible, if very carefully and carefully. Such experiments will not be approved by a veterinarian or dog handler, but if for any reason a change is necessary, in order to avoid problems, observe the following rules:
- Don’t change your feeding schedule.
- Change your diet gradually (5-7 days).
- Closely monitor the dog’s well-being and its “success” on the walk.
- Drive out the parasites before the change, if necessary.
How many times a day to feed the dog
- Dog food
- 20-03-2018, 13:21
Regime is important in dog nutrition, as in human nutrition. But some owners, unfortunately, feed their adult pets chaotically, sometimes 5-6 times a day. This approach is especially dangerous if the menu is also unsuitable for animals: sausages, cutlets, pasta, fried potatoes, and so on. What and how many times a day to feed the dog so that its health is at its best? We will try to find the answers in this article.
Some nuances of two meals a day
It would seem that feed an adult pet in the morning and in the evening, and that’s all. What if the dog begs for food between these two feedings? You can do this:
- First you need to analyze whether the dog is eating the portion that ends up in the bowl. For example, a medium-weight dog should eat about 400 grams of dry good food. But if the animal is active, then it is reasonable to increase the portion by 50-100 g. If the animal is inactive, the portion size can be slightly reduced by the same 50-100 g;
Whether the dog is hungry is also influenced by the quality of the food (both ready-made and self-prepared). If a dog eats economy food or natural food, poor in meat, it is not surprising that he will be tormented by a feeling of hunger. So, cheap feed should be given 100-200 g more than expensive and high-quality feed (ideally, generally transfer the animal to products of at least premium quality). In the natural diet, you need to include protein foods. meat, fish, offal, eggs;
Dogs are notable manipulators. If the owner follows the lead of an ingratiating tailed friend, treating him with sausage or an unscheduled portion, then it is not surprising that the pet will beg. However, even out of pity, you should not endlessly feed the dog, as this threatens obesity and other gastrointestinal disorders;
If the doggie is full, but still looks sadly at the bowl, you can treat him with something light: a peeled carrot, a dog biscuit or a small portion of kefir;
How much food should an adult dog eat?
The amount of food eaten per day varies greatly depending on the age of the animal (older dogs may eat slightly less young ones), lifestyle (active ones need larger portions), and the size of the animal (small dogs eat less large ones). However, let’s present approximate portions (consider dry food and a natural menu):
- Small dogs weighing up to 15 kg need to eat about 150-300 g of dry food or 100-350 g of natural food per day;
An average animal weighing up to 35 kg should consume up to 400 g of “drying” or 400-700 g of homemade food;
It should be noted that the above data are approximate. Your veterinarian will tell you the exact amount of food your dog should eat.
How often to fill your dog’s bowl with food?
It is believed that ideally feed an adult dog twice a day. The first feeding takes place a short time after sleep, half an hour before the walk. The second feeding should be done 8-9 hours after the first. That is, for example, if you feed the dog at 9 am for the first time, then you need to refill the bowl with delicious food at 5-6 pm.
It happens that too busy people cannot afford to feed a dog twice a day. And then the dog eats once a day, immediately eating the daily ration of feed. Such feeding, although possible, but undesirable, so as not to overload the digestive system.
So, how many times to feed a dog after a year, that is, an adult, is now clear. Now let’s look at some of the nuances:
- Puppy feeding frequency. Puppies from 2 to 4 months are fed 4-5 times a day, babies from 4 to 6 months. 3-2 times, and from half a year the dogs are transferred to 3-2 meals a day (after 12 months they are fed 2 times a day);
Frequency of feeding pregnant dogs.Pregnant dogs are fed up to 4-5 times a day, while increasing the portions by 25-40%;
How to feed an adult dog?
If you decide to feed the dog with your own food, you should choose meat (turkey, beef), vegetables and fruits (cabbage, pumpkin, apples, etc.), cereals (buckwheat, millet), low-fat dairy products.
What the dog owner needs to remember
So, we determined the number of meals for the dog, found out how much food should be given to the pet. And what else does the owner need to consider?
- There must be a bowl of water next to the bowl of food;
The dog’s diet is best coordinated with the veterinarian. This advice is especially relevant for dog owners with health problems;
With a natural diet, the dog will need vitamins;
The dog needs 15 minutes to eat. At the end of this time, the remains of the feed must be removed;
If the dog refuses to eat for one day, then there is no reason for concern. The pet can, for example, arrange an unloading with a slight discomfort. However, if there is no appetite for 2-3 days, it is better to consult a doctor;
Basic feeding rules
Absolutely all dogs are predatory carnivores, whose diet and diet are very different from the human menu. Nutritional needs of dogs of different ages also differ markedly. Until reaching 1-1.5 years old, the pet is still considered a puppy, and the transition period from puppyhood is very important for a four-legged friend. How many times a day to feed a dog at 4 months? Veterinarians recommend feeding babies 5-6 times a day.
Many pet owners are aware that after six months, the feeding regime also changes. The owners ask themselves the question: “How many times a day to feed a dog at 6 months?” For half-year-old puppies, a three-time feeding system is adopted. After reaching 1 year, the puppy should be transferred to the usual two meals a day.
Later, pet owners are faced with another important question “How many times a day to feed the dog with dry food after a year?” After all, many people do not have time to compose a full-fledged diet for pets from natural food.
Veterinarians recommend ready-made, expensive dog food, as they are fully balanced and contain all the nutrients needed for an active and active animal. High quality feed does not contain corn or fillers and is better absorbed.
How many times a day to feed the dog after a year with natural food? The answer to this question is organized privately, as it is very difficult to compose a home diet that includes the necessary vitamins and nutrients. A well-chosen menu of natural food must also be implemented 2 times a day.
Calculation of the daily value
The calculation of the daily feeding dose depends on many parameters: age, weight and character of the four-legged friend. The amount of food for a dog by weight is determined by external signs. If the dog has a well-fed body and developed muscles, it is worth continuing the two-time feeding regimen. If the four-legged friend has dramatically lost weight and weakened, then you can increase the daily dose of food.
There is a special algorithm compiled for the convenience of calculating the daily dose of natural food. After finding out the answer to the question “How many times a day to feed a dog at 5 months?” it is worth remembering that food should be given in the amount of 5-7% of the puppy’s weight. For adult dogs, this volume is halved: the daily food intake is 3.5% of the animal’s weight.
Active puppies who spend a lot of time outdoors and consume a lot of energy are advised to increase their daily food intake. When asked how many times a day to feed an adult dog, some veterinarians can reduce the number of daily meals to one. Other specialists, on the contrary, strictly prescribe two meals a day. before morning and evening walks.
Raising the question of how much food to give a dog per day, do not forget about adherence to the drinking regime. Regardless of the chosen food, the dog should always have access to fresh drinking water. During pregnancy or breastfeeding, the pet needs to consume an increased dose of water, which is calculated in the ratio of 60 ml per 1 kg of body weight.
After choosing a certain mode, it is recommended to observe the pet in order to understand what the individual needs of a four-legged friend are. Refusal of an animal from food signals that the food is not suitable, and the diet needs to be changed.
Healthy pet diet
After clarifying the question “How much food does a dog need per day?” pet owners cannot decide on the right diet. The truth is that a dog can eat both dry food and natural food.
But when choosing any feeding system, care should be taken to ensure that it is balanced and contains the necessary nutritional components.
There is a rule that applies to all dogs of different ages. Having studied the section “How many times a day to feed a dog at 7 months and after reaching six months of age”, pet owners should remember that you can not combine dry food with natural. This approach will devalue the vitamin balance, developed separately for dry and natural nutrition.
Veterinarians announce how much an adult dog eats and remind that the dog’s diet should be composed of equal amounts of protein, fat and carbohydrates. High-quality feed from well-known manufacturers and a properly composed menu of natural food presuppose the use of all useful components.
Veterinarians privately determine how many times a day a dog of a given weight and age should be fed. But one rule should be observed: natural feeding should consist of 75% of animal products, and the rest includes vegetables and cereals. It is also recommended to supplement the diet with special vitamin supplements.
How many times a day to feed the dog
Recommended and prohibited foods
After clarifying the question “How many times a day should you feed the dog?” the owners of four-legged friends refer to the list of recommended and prohibited foods. Foods useful for dogs include the following foods:
- Lean meat (source of amino acids and vitamins);
- Coconut oil (protection against viruses, boosting immunity);
- Liver (source of vitamins A, B, K);
- Carrots (contains many useful fibers);
- Curd (protein and calcium);
- Oatmeal and buckwheat porridge (improving the digestive tract);
- Pumpkin, squash, zucchini (source of fiber)
- Peas (source of phosphorus and potassium);
- Fish oil and flaxseed oil (improves skin and coat health).
Owners who are aware of how many times a day to feed their dog should read the list of unwanted foods:
- Semi-finished products (sausage, sausages);
- Fresh grapes;
- Yeast dough;
- Onion and garlic;
- Tubular bones;
- Raw fish;
- Pork meat;
- Stale and rancid foods.
Each owner himself determines how much the dog should eat per day, because the frequency of food intake depends on many factors. But any change in the diet is best discussed with your veterinarian.
Single or double
There is one dignity. they do not slip. The disadvantage is that if you need to replace the water, and there is food in the second half, or vice versa, then you still have to empty two compartments at once. Not very comfortable.
Feeding during illness and recovery
Feeding a dog at the time of illness or during the recovery period is possible (and necessary) only with the permission of the veterinarian and after receiving basic instructions regarding this. Diseases are different. sometimes a hungry diet may be required, sometimes, on the contrary, the dog needs to be fed well and well enough so that it gains strength faster.
If the pet has any chronic pathologies, then it should either be fed with special therapeutic and prophylactic food for this disease, or natural food, but taking into account the peculiarities of metabolism at a given moment.
During the recovery period, feed should be nutritious, low-fat and easily digestible. It is good if it is a special industrial feed, otherwise it will be necessary to develop and prepare a separate medical menu from natural products.
An adult husky dog can be fed mixed. one time it can be industrial food, the other. natural products. You can’t feed puppies like that. there must be either natural food or industrial.
The meat component of a husky should make up 70% of the total diet, including fatty meats. This is a northern breed, which needs animal fat, and with an appropriate balance, it does not even put an unnecessary burden on the liver. But it is not recommended to give raw pork, smoked meats, sweets and grapes.
Puppies 2-4 months old are fed up to 5 times a day, then up to six months one feeding is removed, leaving 4, up to 8-10 months. 3 times and up to 1.5 years. 2. With the correct balance of nutrients, an adult husky (from 1, 5-2 years old) can be fed once a day. But many owners still prefer to keep the double feed. It is important not to overfeed to eliminate the risks of obesity.
Diet for adult dogs
There are two ways to feed pets:
- By the hour;
- Constant access to feed.
Dogs are most often fed on an hourly basis. The sense of proportion in these animals is practically not developed, the risks of regular overeating, obesity and problems with the gastrointestinal tract are high against this background. There should always be clean water freely available.
How to choose the right feeding utensils
An improperly selected food bowl can provoke refusal to eat, various problems in the muzzle (eczema from rubbing, allergies to the material), with the spine and posture.
How many times a day to feed a puppy, an adult dog
Starting a dog is one of the very first questions that arises before the owners. how and what to feed the dog. Babies are usually taken to the house at the age of several months, therefore, you also need to know how and how many times a day to feed the puppy.
The general feeding regimen depends on many factors: age, gender, physiological state, habitat climate (the colder, the more often), the presence of acute or chronic diseases, etc.:
- Puppies up to six months feed from 6 to 3 (4) times a day. This means that a month-old bottle-fed puppy may need to be fed up to 6-7 times a day. As we grow older, the frequency decreases.
- Young dogs up to 1-1.5 years old can consume feed up to 3 times a day, but with a tendency to switch to double meals.
- Adult dog it is enough to feed 1-2 times a day (subject to a balanced diet).
- Elderly dogs over 7-9 years old feed 1-2 times a day, but feed with a reduced amount of calories, if the activity of the animal has noticeably decreased.
- Sick animals or during the recovery period after illnesses and operations usually feed often, but in small portions. up to 4-6 times.
- Pregnant bitches can be fed up to 3, sometimes 4 times.
Features of feeding puppies
To fully provide the puppy with nutrients, one should take into account not only the quality of the feed, but also the frequency of its intake per day. The stomach of babies is small, and the energy consumption is huge, therefore, you need to feed the puppy often, but little by little.
- In the first 3 decades after birth, newborns eat only mother’s milk. Nothing more can be given.
- From 3 weeks to 2 months (weaning period from the bitch), the introduction of solid, small-sized feed begins. Usually, they first offer complementary foods, and then let the babies go to breast milk. this is better for digestion, and also allows you to eat complementary foods with appetite. But sometimes it happens that at the very beginning of the transition to adult food, everything is mixed. At the last stages of weaning, you need to make sure that the bitch is not around, and her presence does not confuse the puppies and does not distract from complementary foods.
- From 2 to 4 months, puppies should be fed every 4 hours, taking into account the 20-16 hour length of the day. This means that a two to three month old puppy is fed 5 times a day, and a 4 month old puppy is fed 4 times a day. over, it is important that the first feeding is early in the morning.
- Before 6 months, the number of feedings should be reduced to 3.
- Up to 10-12 months, puppies should be transferred to adult feeding with a frequency of up to 2 per day.
Of course, all transitions and the frequency of feeding are given by average indicators and conditionally. Much depends on the characteristics of the temperament of the animal, the size of the puppy and the breed. Don’t worry if your 10-month-old dog is not eating two feedings and you have to supplement a third time. Just as it is not scary if already at the age of 6 months the animal feels normal with a 2-fold diet.
When introducing complementary foods, you need to focus on those foods that the dog will feed on further as it grows up and throughout its life. It is wrong to diversify the diet, and then abruptly transfer to any one product.
It is best to start complementary foods with finely chopped meat (not minced meat), then after a while you can add porridge, boiled vegetables. Closer to 4-5 months, you can enter sour milk, low-fat fish, chicken or quail eggs.
Size and shape
Bowls are selected based on the structure of the dog’s skull and its size. For flat muzzles, it is better to take a wide bowl, but not very deep. For extended jaws, it is better to take a deep one, but not too wide. If the dog has long ears, the bowl should taper slightly upward. For breeds with long and thick hair on the chin, the plate should come with a special tray, because These animals spray food.
Plastic bowls should be changed every 8-12 months. They tend to be soaked by food and water, scratching and shaggy. Leftovers of food will be hammered into scratches, microorganisms will develop, and then the owners will not understand why the pet has a disorder and diarrhea, because it has all the freshest.
Ceramic. very hygienic, easy to clean, look great, but often break.
The most durable and durable cups are made of stainless steel. The only drawback is that they slide easily. The problem is solved by purchasing a special rubberized mat to make the bowl more stable.
How many times and how much to feed the dog per day
When starting a dog, a person should understand that all diseases and health problems of an animal arise from improper care. The only exception is the presence of congenital defects or individual characteristics of the breed. One of the factors that ensure your pet’s health and good mood is proper and balanced nutrition, combined with appropriate living conditions and upbringing. Therefore, it is very important to provide your dog with healthy food in the right amount.
Required amount of feeds for dogs and serving size
The serving size of the dog is determined according to the age and the total amount of food eaten by the animal. The data on how many times to feed is determined for each animal separately according to approximate recommendations. If the dog asks for supplements after the portion eaten, then you do not need to immediately fill up the food, because this is fraught with obesity.
Approximate norms for how much to feed dogs of different ages:
- Age up to 4 weeks. puppies suck milk from their mother, you should not limit them in this;
- 4 weeks to 2 months. age for solid food training, puppies need 4-5 feeds every 3-4 hours;
- Age 2-3 months. 3-4 feedings are required;
- Age 3-6 months. 3 feedings per day;
- From six months to a year. at this age you need to feed 2 times a day;
- Age from one year. an adult dog should be fed 1-2 times a day;
- For large breeds, the entire volume of food must be halved, and for small and sedentary breeds, one feeding may be enough.
It is better to feed an old dog by dividing the usual portion into 3 parts.
Care should be taken when feeding a pregnant dog. Since during pregnancy, toxicosis can be observed, and after that a sharp increase in appetite, the daily dose is either divided by 3-4 times, or the number of feedings and food is changed depending on how hungry the pet is. In any case, it is necessary to strictly control the weight of the animal and prevent obesity, which can cause problems during childbirth.
When calculating how much to give a daily portion of food, you should pay attention to the physical activity of the animal. If it runs and walks a lot, then food should be given a little more than the norm. If the dog is apathetic, sleeps a lot and moves a little, the rate can be reduced.
Basic rules for feeding an animal
With the appearance of a pet in the house, it is necessary to accustom him to a new regime, feeding and living conditions from the first day. Over time, this will not only benefit nutrition, but also help shape character and improve the quality of command execution.
Rules for feeding puppies and adult dogs:
- When a puppy appears in the house, you should immediately accustom him to a permanent place for food;
- Serving amount is selected depending on the age and size of the animal;
- Make up a feeding schedule for the day by the hour and, if possible, do not deviate from it;
- Each feeding, the pet should receive the same portion, even if he has eaten less before;
- If the animal eats each portion and licks the bowl, increase the amount of food;
- A bowl of food should be set for no more than 15 minutes. After this time, it is removed, regardless of whether the dog has finished eating or left part of the portion in the plate;
- Before and immediately after exercise, it is best not to feed your dog. It is advisable to do this 1-2 hours before the walk;
- The dog should always have access to a container of clean water. When consuming dry food, the animal should drink about 1 liter of liquid per 0.5 kg of feed.
Prohibited foods for the dog
To ensure the health of the pet, each owner must remember the list of foods that it is undesirable and unacceptable to feed the dog with. From them it is better to restrict any adult dog, and even more so puppies. Eating such food by animals can lead to a lot of trouble, ranging from common distress to death.
- Smoked meats and sausages with a lot of spices. lead to stomach problems, pancreatitis, decreased scent;
- Raw pork. can be infected with the causative agent of carnivore plague;
- Freshwater fish. very bony for a dog;
- Tubular bird bones. when chewed, they are crushed into sharp particles that can cut the stomach or other organs from the inside;
- Sweet and starchy foods. provokes tooth decay and vision problems;
- Legumes are hard on a dog’s stomach;
- Chocolate and caffeine. are poisonous for dogs, lead to severe poisoning;
- Alcohol. causes intoxication up to death;
- Grapes, raisins, citrus fruits. lead to problems with the stomach and kidneys, cause allergies;
- Cold or hot food can cause gastritis and other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
How to feed your dog
Food for dogs should be fresh and as healthy as possible.
Types of food for dogs:
- Natural food;
- Special dry food.
The correct consumption of natural food depends on the weight of the animal. At the age of six months, the amount of food in the diet should not exceed 7% of the body weight, after this age it decreases to 3.5%. You can give meat, cottage cheese, kefir, cereals, vegetables as natural food.
The amount of dry food per day is not difficult to determine, because the packaging should indicate the consumption rate for the dog according to age. When introducing this type of food into the diet, you should adhere to the amount indicated on the label, and over time it will be possible to correct it by reducing or increasing the portion. And also how much to eat depends on the type of feed, the more concentrated you need less, and the usual. a little more.
Does the dog have enough food?
If food remains in the animal’s bowl after eating, the portion can be reduced. They do the same if it does not remain in the bowl, but at the same time there is an active increase in the dog’s weight.
In the event that the animal begs all day, sniffs out food, an appropriate solution would be to increase the amount of food per day.
It is important to remember that the satiety from food comes a little later than the dog eats his portion. Thus, the animal can eat large amounts of excess food, resulting in problems with the body. To prevent this, the dog breeder must strictly control the amount of food eaten.
In order to determine if a pet has obesity, it is necessary to put it on and carefully examine it. In a healthy individual, the ribs should be palpable, like moslaki.
Having discovered a mild degree of obesity, the owner must reduce the amount of food per day to the pet and increase physical activity. Severe obesity suggests that the dog needs to be examined by a veterinarian to provide appropriate treatment, because this condition can lead to problems with the musculoskeletal system and heart.
Experts recommend adding complex vitamins and nutritional supplements to the dog’s diet. Most of all, the body needs them in autumn and spring.
Proper dog feeding
Dog food should be 2/3 meat and 1/3 plant foods. The dog can be fed with entrails, such as:
Horse meat, beef, lamb, goat meat and mammalian heads are also suitable for her. Dogs love, there are different veins and everything that is cut and removed when preparing dinner for people.
Then sea fish, but not salted. Large fish bones should be removed. Lying, slightly stale meat is easier for the dog to digest. Vegetable products. rye, oats, semolina, millet, as well as fruits and vegetables. Food for dogs should be prepared as follows:
- Cut the meat into small pieces or pass through a coarse meat grinder,
- Cut the bones into pieces of such size that the dog can easily cope with them.
- Meat of doubtful origin should be cooked for at least an hour.
- The resulting broth is given to the dog along with the meat.
- Flour products. cereals, oat or barley flakes, bran. must be soaked in water for several hours, and then scalded.
- Rice should be either boiled or steamed.
- Vegetables should be served raw or finely chopped, with animal fats.
How many times do you need to feed the dog: norms and meal times
The daily ration of the dog should correspond to the energy expended by it, breed, age.
- Large dogs eat more, but calories may be lower.
- Puppies and young dogs that have not stopped growing require food almost three times more than indicated in the given norms.
- Dogs that have to run a lot or work hard (hunting, sled, etc.), of course, should get more food than dogs, mostly sitting at home. A clean licked bowl is an indicator that the amount of food is sufficient.
- Nothing should be left in the bowl that has not been eaten. If the dog, after eating, looks at you with a begging gaze and barks at the same time, the next day the amount of food should be increased.
If the dog starts to get fat, the amount of food should be reduced. This reduction, however, must be carried out gradually, but firmly and persistently, and for as long as the dog is in proper shape. It is very difficult or even impossible to apply this method to dogs accustomed to receive different tidbits at the table.
Feeding hours should be kept as accurate as possible. Feed a puppy up to three months every 4 hours (for example, at 7, 11, 15, 19 hours), a young dog up to seven months of age. three times a day (for example, at 8, 14, 18 hours), then twice a day. and an adult dog. once a day.
The dog quickly gets used to such a regime and knows it with an accuracy of hours. A 24 hour break between two feedings is most beneficial for proper digestion. One day of full fasting a week is only good for the dog, and if she fasts a little more it won’t hurt her either.
A predatory animal does not get its own food every day and at times is forced to abstain from it for an even longer time. But, having killed any animal, it eats up to the dump.
Features of feeding puppies and young dogs
Puppies and young dogs should always be given the best possible food. The more nutritious the food, the more it complies with the norms, the better the bones and muscles are strengthened. This is achieved not by quantity, but by the composition of food. Puppy or young dog food should consist of raw meat, vegetables, milk and a loaf.
It is better to grate the meat for the puppy, fry the roll, chop the vegetables finely. From six months, a young dog should be given meat in small pieces, and instead of a fried loaf, a rye loaf. Dog biscuits can be fed at the same time.
To prevent milk in the stomach from curdling so much, it is useful to add a tablespoon of honey to a cup of milk. Milk should be given regularly, but not too much. Feeding the puppy should be accompanied by his upbringing. A young dog always wants to eat deliciously and is not averse to begging. Her nose unmistakably indicates to her what is happening in the dining room, what is happening in the kitchen, at the table while eating.
If we give in to her at least once, we will lose control over the observance of a single diet. Whether we are feeding the dog properly can be judged by its feces. With proper nutrition, feces are soft, sausage-shaped and brown or light brown in color. Hard white or light yellow stool indicates that we are giving the dog too much bone. Almost black feces. too much meat. Porridge-like, shapeless stool. food is not nutritious enough.
What, how much and how to feed the dog properly? Approximate feeding ration
The dog belongs to carnivorous animals. This should never be forgotten. Predators, killing other animals, devour not only meat and bones, but also the entrails and stomach.
Often they gorge themselves to vomit, and then devour the spewed out again. They return to their inedible prey even when it becomes fetid carrion. If your dog does the same or worse, this is not a bad habit, but only a manifesting instinct of a predatory beast.
Many predators eat more than just meat. Badgers, foxes, bears and others happily eat grass, berries, fruits. This kind of mixed food is typical for a dog. This must be taken into account when feeding her. Raw food is healthier for the dog than cooked food, as it is absorbed best by the dog’s body. However, if the dog is given too much raw food, it will develop a specific smell.
In this case, she should be fed semi-cooked meat. The dog does not have a refined taste. She, like many other animals, can be content with the same food every day. But if you accustom her to different foods, she will become picky and finicky.
What You Can’t Feed Your Dog: Important Diet Rules
- In no case should you feed the tops from vegetables or cabbage.
- Fruit should be chopped and pitted if necessary.
- Food for the dog should be warm and mushy. Your finger can serve as a thermometer. A mushy state of food is obtained by itself with good mixing.
Fish is a very healthy food for a dog. As a rule, the head and bones are not difficult for the dog and do not pose any danger. In large fish, however, it is recommended that the upper fin and the strong and sharp lower anterior and posterior fins be removed first.
Dog biscuits are a complete food for dogs. They contain the essential nutrients needed to strengthen and maintain the hull, lime and fish oil. However, biscuits should only be added to the dog’s food and not included in the dog’s diet. Bones contain lime, protein and other substances necessary for the body. In addition, gnawing bones is good for teeth and gums.
Do not only give bones to puppies between 4 and 6 months of age. Bones of young animals with a lot of cartilage and meat residues, such as ribs, are most useful. Boiled bones are not suitable for nutrition, raw bones are dangerous, as they are fragile, give fragments that can injure the throat and esophagus so much that immediate veterinary intervention is required.
Raw and sharp bird bones should be burned, but never composted. When the dog is 4-5 years old, it is necessary to reduce the daily diet of bones. Bone nutrition contributes to the creation of a “solid stomach”, i.e. the formation of dry feces, which leads to constipation.
By observing the feces, you can determine if the composition of the dog’s food needs to be changed. Potatoes, leguminous vegetables and maize are not suitable for dog feeding. Pods and maize (corn) often cause nausea. Potatoes uselessly thrown away by the dog’s body.
Sweets, biscuits and chocolates and other treats should not be given in large quantities. Dogs love all this very much, but their excess prevents us from controlling the amount of food. The dog becomes overweight. It is absolutely necessary to add fish oil and vitamin preparations to food from time to time.
However, this should be done only after consulting a veterinarian. Fish oil is always good for puppies and young dogs. The remains of a dinner, even slightly seasoned with spices or sour, spoiled food, etc., should not be given to the dog.
Anything your dog should not eat or dare not eat, do not throw in the compost heap in the garden. A dog running freely in the garden, out of curiosity, may begin to rummage in this heap and eat something that is not suitable for it. At the same time, we are losing control of food.
What else you need to know to feed your dog properly?
When the dog eats, it does not need to be disturbed. She should not be stroked or beckoned to her, since in this case she arouses an ancient instinct. to protect her prey. Therefore, it happens that she even grumbles at her master. You should not pay attention to this. Let the dog continue his meal calmly. After dinner, the dog should rest quietly for 1. 2 hours. This is necessary for the complete assimilation of the food taken by the body and is especially important for a young dog.
With increased movement, not all food eaten is absorbed by the body. The attraction to fall is not a vice, but only an innate property of a wild animal. If a dog buries a meat-covered bone in the ground and pulls it out again a day later, already smelling and green, it does the same as many predators do, which return to their prey even when it is already significantly decomposed.
Stuck meat or meat that has begun to deteriorate is especially easy to digest. Predators are not susceptible to the so-called cadaveric poison. The dog should not be hindered from burying the remnants of his lunch in the ground. This is an ancient instinct that forces an animal to create reserves for itself. In most cases, the dog has no further interest in the buried.
If such burying occurs regularly, then we are overfeeding the dog, and its diet should be reduced. Hunting dogs should not be allowed to bury food, as they can then bury the shot game instead of bringing it to the owner. These dogs are said to become “gravediggers”.
If a dog devours the feces it finds, it cannot be punished for it. The predatory animals of the prey they kill, in most cases, the first thing to do is to tear the peritoneum and devour the insides with all their contents. This content, as well as feces, have substances useful or even necessary for predators. The same applies to our dogs.
Particularly rich is horse and cow manure, which contains undigested cellulose particles that cleanse the dog’s intestines well. If we feed the dog a variety of foods that contain all the substances the dog needs, this unpleasant tendency for us will be reduced to a minimum.
There should be a water bowl next to the food bowl, always filled with fresh water. Although the dog takes a large amount of liquid with food, he should be given the opportunity to quench his thirst at will. If an adult dog is given milk, it will reduce water intake to the same extent.