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About captive feeding mode
You need to feed the fish so that they do not overeat and are saturated with food. The diet directly depends on the age of the pet and the characteristics of its digestive system. Adults usually eat 2 times a day, this is quite enough for them. Fry 1-2 months old should be fed 4 times a day. And fry up to one month old need food every 3-6 hours. During the spawning period, it is correct to give the fish less food, sometimes not feeding the first few days after breeding. Two weeks before spawning, on the contrary, it is correct for producers to give more live food.
No matter how many fish you keep, you need to feed them all at the same time. Start in the morning, one hour after turning on the lights. The last feeding should take place 2 hours before the lights are turned off. The question for novice aquarists is how much food is right to feed, and how often? Give enough food for them to eat in 5 minutes. Do not feed often, but in small portions so that they swallow them completely. Leftover leftovers can be removed with a net to avoid decay.
The food grains depend on the age and size of the fish. Juveniles should eat food that does not exceed the size of their eyes. It is recommended to grind dry food in the form of granules, flakes and tablets into dust. Adult fish like to capture larger food particles, they do not eat dust. To make all residents of a home reservoir happy with feeding, install special feeders for dry and live food in the tank. Food does not pour out of them, and pets can eat it safely.
See how to properly feed aquarium fish with dry food.
How to feed fish in an aquarium?
How to feed your fish
There are general feeding rules for all fish, which must be adhered to at all times:
- Correctly feed the fish with the food that is right for them, take into account the physiological characteristics of all species living in the general aquarium.
- Don’t overfeed your pets. don’t feed too often, in small portions.
- For aquarium fish, the best nutrition is a variety of foods.
- No matter how much food you put in the tank, remove the leftovers after a meal.
- The number of meals should be appropriate for the size and age of the fish.
- Do not feed the fish immediately after turning on the lights, or before going to bed.
- The diet of aquarium fish should contain natural food, and not only artificial, purchased.
How to properly feed aquarium fish?
The answers to these questions are quite simple, but at the same time they have an individual character. that is, they depend on the specific type of aquarium fish, on the volume of the aquarium and other nuances!
Answering the question. HOW TO FEED FISH? In general, we can say that you need to feed the pets so that after 2-3 minutes the abandoned food is eaten. Covering this issue, it should be noted that it is better to underfeed fish than overfeed. Don’t feed the fish a lot, often. Be careful not to get such a situation when. You fed the fish, then the spouse, and then also the children!
over, starving fish is a diet that only benefits fish! Arrange fasting days for the fish once a month. do not feed the fish for 2 days. By following these recommendations, you will get rid of the risk of pets getting gastrointestinal diseases and only improve their well-being.!
The second point worth highlighting on the issue is HOW TO FEED THE FISH! The food. the fish feeder should be balanced and varied, in addition, it should meet the individual needs of a particular type of fish swimming in your “aquarium”. Often, many make a big mistake and feed the fish with one type of food (for example, dry)! Such a policy of keeping fish and such feeding eventually leads to the question. AND HOW TO TREAT THE FISH? The food should be of high quality, varied. At the same time, no one tells you that the fish need to be fed with delicacies. But combining, for example, dry and frozen food is possible, it is not so expensive!
In addition, different fish prefer different food, some, for example, really need plant food! Taking into account these features, select the appropriate feed, balance it.
WHEN TO FEED YOUR FISH? This question is also individual for a particular type of fish. For example, most aquarium catfish are nocturnal, and therefore it is advisable to feed them in the dark.
But since most fish are diurnal, it is better to feed them during the day. in the morning or at lunchtime.
I feed mine once a day, in the morning. However, many recommend feeding 2 aquarium fish twice a day. Actually, I see nothing wrong with that. The main thing is to follow the rule, the food should be eaten in 2-3 minutes.
WHAT FOOD TO FEED FISH?
A very important issue for aquarium fish feed is its quality. Of course, you can “get aquarium food” in the old fashioned way. hunt in ponds or suffer with bloodworms. You can buy feed at the poultry markets! However, no one will give you any guarantees! over, such food is dangerous for the health of your pets.
As a recommendation, I suggest you pay attention
FOOD FOR AQUARIUM FISH: dry fish food, frozen fish food, live fish food, homemade fish food
Category: Aquarium Articles / USEFUL TIPS FOR KEEPING FISH | Views: 5 916 | Date: 23-05-2013, 20:27 | Comments (2) We also recommend reading:
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Aquarium fish nutrition
How to properly feed aquarium fish
How much to feed the fish in the aquarium
The principle of operation of the feeder of any model is based on the supply of a certain portion of feed at certain hours. Battery-powered models are intended for a short absence of the owner. Mains powered feeders can last up to two months, but there is a high price to pay for it.
The feed is poured into a special drum that spins after each feed portion. The portion size is set manually, the feeding time is also manually set on the electronic timer.
The automatic feeder has several advantages:
- Regularity of feed.
- Feed dosage
- Long term of work up to one month.
The disadvantages of an automatic feeder include:
- Serving only dry food.
- High feeder cost.
How to prepare residents for a hunger strike?
If it becomes necessary to leave the aquarium unattended for a while, you need to fully prepare it for your absence.
A week before departure, you should thoroughly clean the aquarium, rinse the filter, check the water temperature and the operation of all aquarium equipment. You should also make sure of the health of its inhabitants.
Several days before the hunger strike, the amount of food should be increased, and over a few days it should be gradually reduced to make it easier for the fish to endure its absence. It should be remembered that the smaller the fish, the more it needs to be fed. Therefore, small fish can starve for a maximum of a couple of days. If you are planning a long trip, then it is better to purchase an auto feeder or find someone who, during your absence, will monitor the aquarium.
What to do right after a hunger strike?
There are certain rules for feeding fish after a hunger strike. Do not immediately give the fish their usual portion of food. They should be taken out of the hunger strike in small portions, giving preference to live food.
How long can fish survive without food in an aquarium??
Quite often, on the Internet and even in specialized literature for novice aquarists, you can find the statement that a fish hunger strike is a justified action that does not carry much harm to fish. This is partly justified, since so many aquarists overfeed their pets. But both overfeeding and underfeeding of fish affect their health and this is expressed in:
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- change in natural color;
- decreased immunity;
- decreased activity.
If we take into account the constant overfeeding of fish, then starvation for a certain amount of time will, as mentioned above, be justified.
It is only necessary to take into account that for fish of different species the number of fasting days without harm to health is different. For example, it is important for cichlids, catfish, scalars and neons to get plenty of food, and a hunger strike will do them more harm than good, even in conditions of some overeating. These species can survive without food for no more than one week.
All fry need frequent feeding due to their high mobility and the need to obtain nutrients for adequate development. Fry can starve for no more than four days in a row.
If the same aquarium contains medium and small fish species, the larger ones may start to eat the smaller ones during prolonged hunger strikes.
Sedentary fish require much less food, so they can go on a hunger strike, having previously prepared for the lack of food. A hunger strike can last up to ten days. This applies to predatory fish species, as well as algae eaters and loricaria catfish. In the absence of food, they can use algae and food residues in the ground as feed.
Fish, like all living things, are obese. Therefore, overeating fish can survive without food for more days than fish that eat within the normal range. That is, for overeating fish, the hunger strike can last several days longer than for normally eating fish.
Forgot to feed your aquarium fish? How many days can you not feed them?
Special equipment for the aquarium is a great option for those who want to have pets that do not require many hours of maintenance and constant supervision.
However, when going on vacation or a business trip, you need to know how many abode of the aquarium can live without food without harm to health. This article will tell you how long you can not feed the fish without harm to their health.
How to increase the number of days?
What to do so that the inhabitants do not eat each other in the absence of food?
Almost all fish species eat their own fry or fish that are much smaller in size. This is a completely natural behavior for them, which has been formed for more than a dozen years. Therefore, it is desirable to settle fish of the same size in one aquarium.
Another solution to the problem can be the relocation of the aggressor to another container during the fast. However, there is a problem that after returning to their native aquarium, large fish will begin to perceive small ones as food. Therefore, it is not recommended to arrange a long hunger strike for an aquarium with different sizes of fish.
The proper functioning of the aquarium depends primarily on the person, therefore, you should carefully approach the organization of feeding and caring for its inhabitants during the absence. The best solution would be to purchase a special feeder or look after the fish by someone from your family and friends.
What happens if you overfeed?
Under natural conditions, a fish should make a lot of effort to fill its stomach. In an artificial reservoir, including in an aquarium, abundant food comes systematically, the fish does not have to spend time and effort searching for it.
As a result, the fish, by nature a rather gluttonous creature, tries to eat all the food, and, as a result, begins to suffer from obesity, this disease immediately entails another. infertility. The final can be even more deplorable: the fish can die from the fact that their stomachs cannot digest a large amount of food eaten.
In addition, when overfeeding, the remains of the food fall to the bottom of the aquarium, into the soil, and, decomposing, spoil the water: it becomes cloudy due to the rapid multiplication of microorganisms and turns into an ideal environment for various infections. Also, during the decomposition of microorganisms in water, oxygen is absorbed, and ammonia and nitrates are released, which can poison fish and plants.
How the number of times depends on age?
The amount of food directly depends on the age of the inhabitants of the aquarium: if one or two feedings per day are enough for adult sexually mature individuals, then for fry (immature fish). much more.
Since the young need a lot of energy for growth, the amount of food required should be about 15% of the total body weight of the fry. In other words, fry up to one month old are usually fed 1 time in 3. 5 hours, 1. 2 months old. 4. 5 times a day. Fasting days are contraindicated for them.
The health of the fish in the aquarium depends on their nutrition! How many times a day do they need to be fed?
Inexperienced aquarists are constantly tormented by doubts: how to feed the fish, the better, when and how much, and whether there is enough food?
In fact, the issue of nutrition for aquarium fish is very important, but, at the same time, it is absolutely simple. You just need to carefully study the main recommendations and systematically adhere to them.
What happens if you underfeed?
It is believed that a healthy adult fish can go without food for up to several weeks. However, experimenting is not worth it, it threatens with unpleasant consequences. From rare and scanty feeding, fish lose weight, their abdomens become sunken, their backs dry out. Everything can end with the fact that larger individuals will begin to attack smaller ones and simply eat them.
The only exception for systematic feeding can be the spawning period. The diet of the fish at this time should look like this: two weeks before spawning, they must be well fed, especially with food of living origin, but during the spawning period, the amount of food can be reduced. Experienced aquarists do not feed them at all for several days.
Does the frequency depend on the type of feed?
Fish food should contain proteins necessary for the normal course of all life processes, fats and carbohydrates, which are source of energy, minerals for the skeletal system and vitamins for the normal functioning of the body. Such a combination of useful elements and substances can only be provided by a balanced and varied diet.
There are several types of food: dry, frozen, live, vegetable. Experienced aquarists strongly recommend combining and alternating them to keep your fish healthy, vigorous and active. The frequency of feeding remains the same: 1. 2 times a day, regardless of the type of feed. But in any case, feeding should be served in portions, that is, as the previous portion of feed is consumed.
Why you need to make a schedule?
Before pouring food into the aquarium, you should give the fish a conditioned signal, for example, lightly knock on the wall of the container. After a while, the fish, having heard the signal, will gather at the feeding place even before the moment the food arrives, and their stomach will begin to produce the necessary enzymes in advance, which are necessary for the complete digestion of food.
Feeding should be done in the morning, 15 minutes after turning on the backlight, or / and in the evening 3 to 4 hours before bedtime. For fish that are nocturnal, food is filled up, as a rule, once a day under the light of a blue lamp, when all daytime fish have already gone to sleep.
As mentioned above, fish nutrition should be balanced and varied. Therefore, an approximate feeding scheme might look like this:
- Monday. dry food, once a day.
- Tuesday. dry food of a different kind, once a day.
- Wednesday. live food, once a day.
- Thursday. dry food one time.
- Friday. dry food of a different kind, 2 times a day.
- Saturday. live and vegetable food.
- Sunday. fasting day.
Every hobbyist should use common sense and common sense in his feeding schedule. The proposed scheme is only advisory in nature.
How often to feed?
So how many times a day should the fish be fed to keep them healthy and live in the aquarium for a long time? The standard feeding scheme says: there should be as much food as the fish can eat in 3 to 5 minutes. A normal portion of food for an adult is 2. 5% of its total body weight. As for the frequency of feeding, experienced aquarists believe: 1-2 feedings per day are enough.
Once a week, it is recommended to do a fasting day for the fish: do not feed them for a day so that their stomachs can be cleared of undigested food debris. But such a shake-up should not coincide with any other stressful event: cleaning the aquarium, changing water, etc.
Feeding the fish is a vital issue, the health and life of the inhabitants of the aquarium depends on the quantity and quality of food. And this issue should be approached responsibly, so as not to harm all living things in your “reservoir”.
How many times to feed the goldfish in the aquarium
Goldfish are extremely popular for their beauty and diversity. After all, this name unites several types of fish that are different in appearance. The answer to the question of how many times you need to feed the fish in the aquarium, in relation to goldfish, is practically the same as the information on the nutrition of other aquarium fish. It is also important here not to overfeed the pets; you need to add food no more than twice a day. Perhaps one is enough.
How and how many times to feed the fish in the aquarium?
Of all types of pets, many people prefer aquarium fish. After all, they have tremendous advantages over other animals. And if you take care of them correctly, then there will be no problems at all.
Essential food for goldfish
Knowing how many times to feed the fish in the aquarium is not enough to properly care for it. It must be borne in mind that a balanced diet is important for fish, with the presence of various nutrients. Therefore, the goldfish menu welcomes:
- boiled buckwheat;
- soaked semolina;
- algae leaves;
- grated vegetables (zucchini, cucumbers, carrots).
It is preferable to give food of animal origin to growing fry. Adult fish are limited in such food, they receive it in very small portions, only to gain the necessary protein. Basically, adult fish need to be fed with plant foods.
The importance of a fasting day
Sometimes fish are so obese that they practically lose the ability to swim. A useful option for goldfish would be a fasting day once a week. In order not to get confused and not to break the regime, it is enough to choose one specific day of the week, and on this day do not feed the fish. Thanks to this, they will burn excess fat, as well as pick up all the previously unclaimed feed.
Preferred food for aquarium guppies
This type of fish needs live food. It is useful to prepare seafood cocktails from:
- fruit flies;
- fish fillets;
After grinding, the contents must be frozen and given to the guppies in small portions. For fry, choose live food such as ciliates and brine shrimp. You can also use finely chopped liver, egg yolk or beef. Live food should preferably be given to all fish species every other day. It is most useful to freeze it to destroy possible harmful bacteria.
How many times to feed the fish in the aquarium
Guppy. completely unpretentious fish. However, their brightness and health depend on feeding. In feeding, an alternation of live and dry food is used. You can include compound feed, cereals in the diet. But it should not be forgotten that dry food, especially such as compound feed, pollutes the water more. Therefore, you will have to clean the aquarium more often. But the fish, thanks to the variety in the nutritious diet, will delight the aquarist with their bright colors and lively mood.
How many times to feed the fish in the aquarium
There is no allergy to fish, they are silent all the time. The contemplation of the swimming beauties is soothing. In addition, the fish are relatively unpretentious. But still, some rules should be followed.
Do not forget to control the amount of feed poured. It’s easier to toss a couple of times, pinch it at a time, than to catch the leftover feed before it goes bad. And it is desirable to extract it from the water. Do not feed the fish with a loaf, it spoils too quickly in water.
How to feed
The main mistake of novice aquarists is overfeeding. Excess food in the aquarium has a number of consequences:
- deterioration of water condition;
- death from overeating or poisoning.
The norm is considered if the food is eaten before reaching the bottom. Remove excess food with a net or siphon immediately after feeding. The size of the grains should correspond to the type and age of the fish. Large adults eat large chunks. Fry. live dust or food particles not exceeding the size of the fry’s eye.
Give less food during the spawning season. Feed protein food two weeks before breeding.
How to do it right
The aquarist should wash his hands thoroughly before feeding. Soap or cream residues are harmful. You can not give spices and spicy vegetable feed, sour vegetables. When choosing a diet, the characteristics of fish are taken into account:
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- the size;
- type of food;
- way of eating.
Herbivorous animals with long digestive systems need to be fed often in small portions.
- 5-10% fiber;
- 15-30% protein;
- up to 3% fat.
Lack of fiber is compensated by eating aquarium plants.
The basis of the diet of carnivores is live food. Predators rarely eat, but in large quantities.
- Protein is required from 45%.
- Fat. 3-6%.
- Fiber is also important. Under natural conditions, they consume plant foods in the amount of 2-4%.
Most aquarium fish are omnivorous, their diet should include:
- 30-40% protein;
- 2-5% fat;
- 3-8% fiber.
Main types of feed
- Dry. Dried larvae of krill, daphnia, cyclops. Sold in the form of tablets, granules and flakes. They are used if there is no time for cooking vegetable or live food. Dried food can cause allergies in humans.
- Alive. Ciliates, bloodworms, small fish, brine shrimp, tubifex and cortetra. Such food is stored in the refrigerator, as it quickly deteriorates. Very nutritious. Rinse thoroughly several times before feeding.
- Protein. Chicken eggs, invertebrate meat, liver and squid are crushed, used in the form of fine shavings. Minced warm-blooded animals are rarely served. It is poorly absorbed by fish, developing pathogenic intestinal microflora. Frozen Live food frozen. Serve thawed.
- Vegetable. It can be natural (cucumbers, cabbage, peas, carrots, zucchini, nettles, dandelions), as well as branded. Natural food is cooked, peeled and cut into pieces. Purchased spirulina pellets are also essential for fish.
- Branded. Balanced feed. For feeding omnivorous fish, it acts as the main food. To diversify your diet, you can feed herbal and live supplements. There are universal and food for a specific type of aquarium inhabitants.
Feed your fish by combining several types of food. Omnivorous and herbivorous species should get vegetable fiber daily.
- prevent obesity;
- cleanse the body;
- enhance sexual activity;
- activate recovery processes.
often predators are hungry because of the structural features of the food system. For the following fish, instead of a hunger strike, it is better to prefer a fasting day on food with spirulina:
The fish are fed according to the way they are fed. The location of the mouth plays an important role:
- Upper. For pets with a mouth on top, floating on the surface of the food in the form of chips or flakes is suitable.
- Middle. Inhabitants of the middle layers of the water eat the food that is located directly in front of them.
- Donny. Catfish collecting food from the bottom need heavy sinking feed.
What should be received
For good growth, normal development and strong immunity, a pet needs the following nutrients and trace elements:
- vitamins of group B and D3, A, E, C;
- folic acid;
How to feed your aquarium fish properly?
To feed your fish properly, stock up on knowledge and experience. Nutrition plays an important role in the life of pets, greatly influencing the condition of the aquarium.
How much you can not feed the fish in the aquarium
If you need to give an example of a common opinion, you can cite a judgment about the need for a hungry day, as an unconditional law of proper feeding of aquarium fish.
The source of advice from professional aquarists to beginners about introducing a hungry day is the belief that a novice aquarist must overfeed their pets, so it is rational to stop throwing organic matter into the aquarium water for at least a day.
From the point of view of normalizing the hydrochemical composition of aquarium water, this does not prove its usefulness in practice. On the contrary, the accumulation of phosphates and nitrates will continue at an equal rate, the oxidizability of water will continue to grow rapidly.
The main postulate of those who argue about the need to introduce a hungry day is an indication of the cold-bloodedness of representatives of the fish class. Allegedly, this feature determines the need for smaller amounts of energy and therefore it will be beneficial for aquarium fish, it will give an opportunity to get rid of toxins.
Firstly, slags are waste from metallurgical processes, and by no means “waste” of physiological processes, each of which has its own name and is removed from the body in a natural way, which is influenced not by hunger, but by the state of the systems responsible for such processes.
Secondly, I personally have not seen a single fish, sitting in the lotus position and flying into nirvana. Probably, fish do not resort to such practices and do not refuse in natural conditions once a week from food. They are unaware of their cold-bloodedness and that less energy is enough for them. Therefore, they uncontrollably spend this energy obtained from food on the course of biochemical cycles that provide energy for the synthesis of cells of the immune system, respiration, movement. the list is endless.
In fact, a hungry day is not only a powerful negative stress, when the inhabitants of the aquarium are unexpectedly faced with a complete lack of previously regularly received food.
Fasting is categorically contraindicated for many aquarium fish, which have long intestines and a mixed type of diet, and consume food throughout the day. In such fish, for normal functioning of the body, uniform filling of the intestine is required along its entire length.
Among the species for which the answer to the question “How much can you not feed aquarium fish?” will be “Not at all”. types such as:
Hungry days are also harmful for fish that lead an active lifestyle, and therefore need a large amount of energy from food. For example, Malawian cichlids, cichlids from Lake Tanganyika.
Hungry days for cichlids are one of the reasons for the weakening of the body’s resistance to hexamitosis. Hungry day for scalar. provoking mycobacteriosis disease. In addition, if we talk about scalars. if such fish are kept with neons or other small species, then on hungry days they begin to try to catch smaller neighbors. If this succeeds, the hunt will continue on days of abundant feeding.
Instead of a hungry day, a fasting day is used, when the feeding ration is built on the basis of granules with increased m plant components, especially spirulina.
If on a fasting day it is not possible to give your fish such industrially manufactured granules that can be purchased at aquaMegaMall.ru, you can give some self-prepared food for herbivorous cichlids. Formulations of such feeds. in the corresponding article.
For goldfish on a fasting day, a diet of plant foods is prepared. Labyrinths are offered semolina.
How to prepare these feeds will be discussed in other specialized articles.
Concerning algae eaters, as well as loricaria catfish, which are fed with tableted bottom feed. Keep in mind that their main concern in aquariums is not just aesthetics. But also the fight against fouling. As a rule, in any aquarium there is enough algae for food, and if they have already been destroyed. when it is possible to issue “doppack”. The need for it should be determined by the aquarist himself on the basis of observations. If there is not enough fouling, the fish will begin to lose weight and become unusually active. Feeding is not given daily, but every other day.
Many aquarists engaged in breeding fish and therefore are sensitive to the health of producers, give low-protein feed on the fasting day, and many do without fasting days altogether, including such feed in the daily diet of pets and giving them once a day.
Initial and final stages of overfeeding obesity
Changes in the nature of nutrition are used if symptoms of obesity are noticed as a result of overfeeding and then the fasting day is turned into days, giving low-protein plant foods, first every other day, and when the fish get used to it daily until the symptoms disappear.
Regarding predatory fish (piranhas, haracin pikes), which receive weedy species of aquarium fish as food, the structure of their gastrointestinal tract and the physiology of the body allow short-term starvation without affecting health. Therefore, for such species, the introduction of one hungry day per week can be applied.
The importance of the correct combination of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and various elements, how many times a day, what and how to feed the fish in the aquarium. in the following articles:
How to properly feed aquarium fish
Feeding the aquarium fish takes 3-5 minutes. During this time, the fish are already eating up, but they do not have time to overeat yet. And the food has not yet fallen to the bottom. You should adhere to the nutritional rule, which is better to underfeed than to overfeed and not to give more food than the norm.
The feed must be completely eaten. Excess feed must be removed from the trough and caught with a net so that it does not settle and begins to rot. Decay processes spoil the water in the aquarium and lead to the development of harmful vegetation. The concentration of nitrates and ammonia in the water increases, fish and algae are poisoned. The fish must be provided with an amount of food per day at the rate of 5% of its weight. The size of the grains depends on the age and size of the individual.
For fry, the food particles should not exceed the size of their eyes. Dry granulated feed, in the form of flakes or tablets, is crushed into dust. It is more convenient for adult fish to capture larger particles; dust is not suitable for them. It is convenient to use separate tanks for dry and live food, floating feeders. It is necessary to feed so that the food is evenly distributed in the aquarium and there is free access to active individuals and quiet people, as well as to bottom dwellers.
How many times a day to feed the fish in the aquarium?
How many times a day to feed the fish in the aquarium to keep them healthy and beautiful depends on their type and age. The feeding process is quite interesting to get carried away and toss another handful of flakes to the fish frolicking by the glass, which in an inexperienced aquarist can lead to water pollution and fish death. Therefore, it is important to develop your own feeding tactics and interaction with the aquarium world.
Types of feed
To feed domestic fish, branded, dry, frozen, live and plant food is suitable, which is recommended to alternate. You need to feed the fish so that the diet is varied, contains useful trace elements, vitamins and proteins.
The optimal choice will be in favor of branded feed from a trusted manufacturer. It is versatile and suitable for almost all aquarium species. It contains a balanced formula of nutrients, vitamins, proteins and microelements. Popular food brands “Tetra”, “Sera”, JBL. The range includes food specifically for catfish, neon, goldfish, discus and universal. In terms of quality, the series of Russian feeds “Aqua-Menu” is not inferior to imported ones. The feed is produced in the form of flakes, granules or creeps. The use of pellets will help reduce contamination of the aquarium environment by leftovers.
Dry food from dried cyclops, gammarus, daphnia is not suitable for daily feeding of fish due to the scarcity of nutritional components. How to feed fish in an aquarium with live food to avoid mistakes. Live food is used as a mandatory, regular feeding at intervals of every other day. Fish love it very much, it is nutritious and easy to digest. With such a diet, growth is accelerated and the brightness of the color increases.
It should be borne in mind that this type of food is obtained from its natural habitat, therefore there is a high risk of infecting the biological environment of the aquarium. To avoid this, food is frozen before feeding to kill bacterial flora. Experienced aquarists harvest bloodworms by freezing them. Storage at t =.12 ° and below its color, appearance and taste are perfectly preserved, which is confirmed by the activity of the fish during feeding.
Frozen food is a worthy alternative to live food. It keeps well and is conveniently dosed. A mixture of three common varieties of worms will provide aquarium fish with essential nutrients for health. Plant-based nutrition is a must as it is part of the fish’s natural habitat. Plant foods can be in their natural form, in tablets and flakes.
How often to feed aquarium fish
The diet depends on the age period and characteristics of each fish species. Based on this, determine how many times to feed the aquarium fish. Adult aquarium fish need two feeds a day, but you can get by with one meal. Fry up to two months of age eat 4 times a day, and in the first month of life, fry in the aquarium are fed 4-6 times.
For half a month before spawning, individuals increase the amount of live food. With the onset of spawning, the rate is reduced. In the first days after breeding, feeding is stopped. In the morning, feed should be given no earlier than 15 minutes after turning on the lighting. The optimal time is after 1 hour. Evening feeding is carried out 2-3 hours before bedtime. Catfish, agamix and other nocturnal inhabitants are fed at dusk, with the lights off. At this time, other fish in the aquarium are already sleeping.
All inhabitants of the aquarium must be fed at the same time.
How to feed aquarium fish
Eating aquarium fish at home should reproduce the frequency and taste preferences of their natural habitat.
- Algae, plants, seeds and fruits: This is how herbivorous fish with a long digestive cycle eat. They used to feed often and little by little.
- Insects, small fish, birds, invertebrates. This is the diet of carnivores with a large stomach. The portions are large, but the feeding is less frequent.
- Food of vegetable and protein types. Such fish are called omnivores. They feed several times a day.
Live food for carnivorous and omnivorous fish includes ciliates, brine shrimp, bloodworms, tubifex, cortetra, daphnia, nauplii, gammarius. Such food quickly deteriorates and requires storage in the refrigerator.In addition, if there is no food, they give minced chicken and liver, chicken eggs, minced fish, squid, veal heart and invertebrate meat. The fish are fed with cottage cheese, semolina porridge, green peas and an omelet. The listed products are pre-crushed.
See how to properly feed aquarium fish with dry food.
For example, a finely grated frozen beef heart will be enjoyed by most fish. This food is just a storehouse of easily digestible protein. It is used to feed voracious Astronotus and Discus. Mixing cooked shavings with a vitamin concentrate such as Trivit or Fishtamine will significantly enrich the diet.
The squid is crushed into small shavings and fed in small portions. Squid fillet will fully provide the inhabitants of the aquarium with protein and vitamins for active development. Algae, vegetables (zucchini, cabbage), fruits, plants and cereals are used as plant food for herbivorous and omnivorous fish.
How to compose a weekly diet
How to feed fish in an aquarium so that the diet is varied and must include live food It is recommended to organize the nutrition of aquarium fish, adhering to the following scheme:
- Only give dry food on Monday and Tuesday
- On Wednesday feed with live food, bloodworms, brine shrimp
- Thursday and Friday. dry food again
- On Saturday, give live food, for example, tubifex or daphnia, with the addition of duckweed
- Sunday to take away a hungry day
Once a week, the inhabitants of the aquarium should have a hungry day. This contributes to the prevention of obesity, leading to the death of fish, increased sexual activity and recovery processes. Mini-fasting cleanses the intestines from the effects of overeating. Under natural conditions, fish live without food for a long time, so 1 day of fish can not be fed and a hunger strike will benefit them.
The scheme can be adjusted at your discretion, but always with alternating types of feed. A variety of foods will allow you to grow healthy fish.
The reason to think about the correct feeding regime is dirty water, excess vegetation and frequent fish diseases. The well-established biosystem has a clean aquarium and healthy colorful fish. Remember that the life span of the inhabitants of the aquarium depends on nutrition.
What time of day is it better to organize feeding?
Morning hours are best for feeding. If there is a need to re-feed food, it is better to carry it out at regular intervals, making it possible to digest and assimilate.
Definitely, you should not give food before bedtime, since the organs and systems of aquatic individuals also need rest and sleep. The exception is the group of nocturnal fish.
When organizing a diet, you should pay attention to the flora of the aquarium. Fish-“vegetarians” love to eat young shoots of plants, leaves and even roots emerging to the surface. In this case, you need to free the aquarium from scraps of plants or gnawed branches in time. They are unlikely to take root back, and they will cope with the task of clogging the water in full.
In this case, when drawing up a diet, it is necessary to take into account the presence of internal feed.
How many times a day should adult fish be fed
Underfeeding will not harm an adult and mature fish at all, the water in the aquarium will always be clean, the biobalance is ideal, the fish are healthy, while regular feeding or overfeeding (when the fish does not eat up all the food thrown into the aquarium within 15 minutes) can disrupt the biobalance of the water, turbidity will appear and, as a result of poor water quality, this or that disease may flare up. But underfeeding does not mean that you can feed the fish only once a week, even despite the fact that adult fish from too rare and small feeding, bulls will begin to lose weight, the abdomens will become sunken, and the back will dry out, larger fish will begin to attack small ones, eating them.
How to feed aquarium fish
For many years in various literature there is an opinion that it is better not to feed the fish, let them starve, rather than overfeed them. In fact, this is not entirely correct and an inexperienced aquarist can destroy beautiful exotic fish with long hunger strikes. How to feed the fish correctly and how many times a day so as not to harm them, you will learn in this article.
All aquarium fish by age can be roughly divided into 2 types:
- Fry (not yet fully matured, immature fish);
- Adult fish (sexually mature fish).
What and how many times to feed aquarium fish?
In their natural environment, fish spend a lot of time looking for food. Predators prey on small congeners, medium-sized omnivores feast on insect larvae, algae and caviar of other fish. Whatever the fish eat. in her native element, she will always find a suitable food for herself in order to survive and give offspring.
Captive fish are quite another matter. Here, in the matter of food, they can only rely on people. In aquarium conditions, fish are completely dependent on humans. from the responsibility and observation of its owner.
So what to feed your aquarium fish with? In fact, it is impossible to answer this question unambiguously. It is only obvious that the feed must be varied and balanced. It is best to alternate several types of food. If you buy ready-made dry mixes in the form of “chips”, granules or tablets. this is an excellent and healthy treat for your fish.
Manufacturers of such dry mixtures take into account all the characteristics of the fish organism, and such ready-made food always contains the right amount of proteins, carbohydrates and vitamins necessary for the full life of aquarium inhabitants. But you shouldn’t neglect natural food either. give bloodworms, daphnia, cyclops, carriage, crustaceans, etc.
Of course, each fish family needs to be individually fed. Make sure that the size of the feed is not too large. If the fish cannot swallow the flakes, they will remain hungry. Some fish species live directly at the water mirror, so food for them must remain at the surface. If the fish spends most of the time in the lower layers of the aquarium. she needs food in tablets that quickly sink to the bottom.
Equally important is the question of how many times to feed the aquarium fish.
Fry need a lot of energy and strength to grow. Therefore, you need to feed them at least three to four times a day. Adult fish are usually fed in the morning and in the evening, but for some large predator breeds one meal is sufficient. Once a week, you can (and even need to) arrange a fasting day.
Remember that a round tummy is characteristic only of young individuals, but in adults. it is a sign of overeating.
As for serving size, try to give only as much as the fish can eat in 15 minutes. Leftover food should not settle and clog the water in the aquarium, so it is better to remove them and not leave them overnight.
Is the principle true: the more the better?
The nervous system of many fish is arranged in such a way that the sight of food constantly arouses their appetite and desire to eat everything, without a trace. In other words, fish eat as many times as they receive food in the aquarium. However, is it good? This is bad from several points of view:
- Uneaten food settles to the bottom and cannot be picked up by individuals from the upper and middle layers of the water. Their lack of demand leads to decomposition and decay, which negatively affects the quality of water. It needs to be cleaned frequently and water changed.
- Overeating leads to increased digestive processes in the body and the overflow of the chemical composition of water with a large amount of organic substances. It is then simply impossible to clean it by physical means, a complete change is required.
- Settled food debris contaminates the soil and interferes with the free root respiration of plants.
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Therefore, you need to feed strictly as much as is eaten by the inhabitants of the aquarium no longer than 15 minutes.
How to build sustainable feeding?
You need to feed aquarium fish in a differentiated manner. If there are only adults among them, once is enough, preferably in the morning. After feeding, the leftovers must be collected from the surface with a special net and removed to the outside. It is important that such feedings are regular, complete and consist of all physiologically necessary components. You can draw up a schedule (a kind of menu) for which days plant food goes to feed, when. animal, and when. with a balanced m of vitamins and microelements. In the “feeding policy” it is reasonable to include mixed feed containing several components at once.
Fry and adult fish should be fed twice a day during the spawning period. In this case, during the day, individuals will receive a mixed diet and replenish their increased physiological needs.
When fed correctly, they are cheerful, vigorous, healthy, active, and grow well. This is immediately noticeable, especially in a well-kept, neat and tastefully decorated aquarium.
What are the main approaches to feeding?
This is how any biological organism, including fish, works, that it needs food. Its purpose is:
- replenishment of spent energy,
- cell and tissue renewal,
- growth and development,
- preservation of natural instincts such as reproduction.
The components of the diet in the aquarium are designed to provide the body with proteins, fats, carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins, and trace elements. With a deficiency of at least one of them, the following occurs:
- hypotrophy and dystrophy;
- increased susceptibility to disease;
- depression of mood;
- decreased vitality.
That is why the question: “how many times to feed the fish?” acquires special relevance so that you do not have to unscheduled cleaning the aquarium or dropping diseased individuals.
How much and how often to feed the fry
Fry, unlike adult fish, are not fully formed. They have not reached puberty and are in a period of intensive growth, therefore regular and high-quality feeding is very important for them. The underfeeding rule for fry and young fish will bring more negative consequences than for an adult, therefore they should be fed regularly, 2 times a day, and preferably with live food. The only condition is that you need to make sure that the thrown food is eaten within 15 minutes, and the remaining food is removed from the aquarium, because regular feeding and overfeeding are still different things. In conditions of regular feeding, the water will need to be changed much more often than in the case of underfeeding (once a week), but in return you will have a beautiful fish that will quickly increase in size and reach puberty.
But how much food to give if both adult and young fish are present in the aquarium, here preference is given to juveniles, so forget about underfeeding and hunger strikes.
All of the above can be summed up as follows:
- On the one hand, underfeeding is good because it allows you to maintain the biobalance in the aquarium, make the water cleaner and the fish stay healthy while spending a minimum of effort and time on caring for them.
- Regular feeding 1-2 times a day allows you to grow beautiful sexually mature fish in a fairly short time, but the aquarium will require much more maintenance (water change and soil siphon) than in the case of underfeeding.
- Especially frequent feeding and overfeeding is harmful in all cases and is not subject to discussion.
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