Pros of sterilization
In addition to the above benefits, sterilization prolongs the life of the animal by 1.5-2 years. It becomes calmer, more obedient, less marks the apartment and houses of neighbors. The likelihood of hormonal diseases and malignant tumors is reduced. The pet is devoid of stress, but at the same time does not lose its natural abilities for playing, hunting, training. A dog’s need to have offspring is not as great as a cat’s, so sexual intercourse does not greatly affect health. The female will not suffer from the lack of children, saving the owners from the need to attach puppies.
Any surgical intervention has negative consequences. One of them is the difficulties associated with the transfer of anesthesia. Various complications after surgery are possible: profuse bleeding, hernias, inflammation and rupture of stitches, infections. A spayed dog gains significant weight due to metabolic disorders that lead to diabetes. The quality of the pet’s coat changes, abundant shedding occurs. 5-7 years after surgery, many spayed dogs develop involuntary urination, which can cause chronic diseases of the genitourinary system.
How to care after surgery
After castration, while the pet wakes up after anesthesia, it is necessary to cover it with a warm blanket, since heat exchange processes are disturbed in the body. Involuntary urination also appears, so you should worry about oilcloth or absorbent diapers in advance. After being transported home, the dog should be kept warm, but not near the battery. Constantly monitor the pulse, evenness of breathing, the state of the mucous membranes. If they become pale and bluish, then the animal is not all right.
Every half hour it is necessary to turn the pet over and regularly change the litter. Only when the dog has completely recovered from the anesthetic is it allowed to eat with extreme caution. Food should be light: chicken broth, oatmeal. You can also choose a suitable food for a dog’s recovery on the website of the Krasnoyarsk online pharmacy “Farmed”.
If your dog starts to vomit or have diarrhea, you should consult your veterinarian. Be sure to change the dressings, give restorative drugs as directed by your doctor. Do not leave your pet alone in the postoperative period, as any negative reaction of the body can lead to irreversible complications.
Although part of the population sterilization seems to be a gross interference with the nature of shaggy, this procedure, according to experts, is still preferable to castration. After this operation, the animal does not lose its natural propensity to reproduce, but due to the loss of reproductive function, it cannot reproduce its offspring. In addition, sterilization will help protect your pet from unwanted diseases, including infectious ones, often sexually transmitted. Also, you will forever protect your pet from sarcoma, breast cancer, pyometra.
Pros and cons of castration
The main goal of castration is to get rid of unnecessary offspring, except for cases when surgical intervention is necessary for medical reasons. Many veterinarians believe that castration is unnecessary if not indicated. After all, if a female individual does not attract flocks of “boyfriends” and expose himself to danger, then the male after castration, on the contrary, will dramatically change his behavior. Due to the lack of hormone production, many males become aggressive, attack passers-by (especially children), mark their territory, can spoil things at home, react sharply to females in heat and chase them. Due to hormonal imbalance, the quality of the coat changes (frequent molts are possible), side diseases occur: hypothyroidism, bone cancer, obesity, kidney and adrenal gland diseases, cardiovascular diseases, etc.
The undoubted advantages of castration is that most dogs, both male and female, become calmer. Even males become lethargic and do not cause much trouble to the owners: they do not gnaw furniture, play less naughty, do not fight with other dogs, do not strive to escape and wander, in 50% of cases they do not even crap. Also, the operation prevents the development of cancer and genital infections at a more mature age. Neutering in no way affects the protective qualities of dogs.
Castration is contraindicated in inflammatory processes in the genitals, cancerous tumors, infectious diseases (especially in males). In these cases, it is more prudent to replace castration with sterilization. But any interference with nature is fraught with consequences. Dogs, unlike single cats, are pack animals. They do not have such an urgent need for frequent mating. There are different breeds of dogs, many of which do not even “think” about receiving carnal pleasure: guard dogs, hounds, hunting dogs. Such pets do not need to eradicate sexual functions. Most veterinarians advise not to deprive the four-legged of a full life. In their opinion, a dog should give birth once a year.
When and how to castrate?
The age of castration is of fundamental importance for males and females. Males are advised to castrate not earlier than six months of age, otherwise they may stop in physical development. Females are best neutered before their first estrus between 5 and 6 months of age to avoid breast cancer.
The operation is performed in a veterinary clinic. 12 hours before the start of the operation, the dogs are not given food, 6 hours before the operation. water. In addition, many veterinarians advise taking a course of antibiotics, which is very important. Castration is performed under general anesthesia. Pets do not tolerate it well. Many people come out of anesthesia ahead of time, which complicates the operation. Deaths are possible.
The operation to remove the genitals is performed under sterile conditions. For males, the hair is locally removed, the incision area is disinfected, incisions are made in the scrotum, the spermatic cord is pulled over and the testes are removed. The duration of the intervention is no more than ten minutes, the removal of the stitches is not required subsequently. In females, the procedure is more complicated, since penetration into the internal organs occurs. To do this, the groin must be cut open and the ovaries or uterus removed. The operation takes more than half an hour, sutures are applied, on which bandages and a special blanket are put on, so that the animal does not lick or scratch the sore spot.
Neutering and neutering dogs: what is the difference and what are the consequences
Many believe that the difference between neutering and neutering dogs is the difference between shaggy and sex. Castration is for males, sterilization is for females. But no. Sterilization is a surgical procedure applicable to individuals of both sexes. Only in females the fallopian tubes are ligated, and in males. the testes. Animals can have an active sex life without offspring. Castration consists in the removal of the genitals of the four-legged. In dogs, both testicles are removed, in females. the uterus or ovaries. After castration, complete deprivation of sexual functions occurs, and many dogs do not even show the desire to mate. Let’s try to figure out which operation to choose, and how it will affect the behavior and health of the pet.
How is the procedure performed
The operation to neuter dogs can be performed both in the clinic and at home, but the postoperative period will require careful pet care. The age of sterilization is the same as for castration: in males up to six months of age, in females. 2 weeks before the first estrus (5-6 months), in order to avoid tumors of the genital organs. Sterilization is possible in older dogs (8-9 years old), but it is less preferable, since the aged organism recovers more slowly, and complications are possible. It is not always possible to correctly calculate the dosage of anesthesia and amputate everything as needed: even tiny fragments of an unremoved ovary tend to recover.
Before the operation, it is necessary to take blood and urine tests, do an ultrasound of the abdominal cavity, and take a cardiogram. A routine veterinarian is not enough to make sure your pet is healthy.
You cannot feed the animal 12 hours before the operation, and drink for 6 hours. In both males and females, the operation takes over an hour. In males, it comes down to blocking the seed flows, while in females the procedure is more painstaking. An abdominal operation is performed with the opening of access to the abdominal cavity and ligation of the fallopian tubes. The intervention must take place under sterile conditions. It is necessary to worry in advance about a stretcher for transportation, antiseptic dressings, impervious diapers.
After the operation, the dog usually goes away from anesthesia for a long time (within a day), becomes restless, whines. You need to build a litter on a flat floor, lay the animal, moisten your tongue and nose with water to quench your thirst. Do not give a lot of liquid at once Females can be offered lukewarm water two hours after anesthesia, males. after 3-4 hours. We begin to feed only on the second day with exceptionally soft food and small portions. Best of all, chicken pate or minced meat.
For the next 10 days, it is necessary to treat the seams with an antiseptic recommended by a doctor, to protect the seams from getting wet. A special blanket can be put on the female to prevent dirt from getting on the seam when licking wounds. Restoring a pet is carried out in close cooperation with a veterinarian, since caring for a dog after spaying is reduced to careful grooming and antibiotic therapy. If the seams decay, bleeding, fever, deterioration in the physical condition of the pet, you must urgently contact the veterinary clinic. 12 hours after sterilization, a faithful friend can be taken for a walk. With proper care, the stitches will be removed on the 8-9th day.
Neutering and neutering dogs
The sexual instinct is inherent in nature, but at home most dogs do not need to regularly reproduce. At the same time, the need does not go anywhere and leads to a change in the behavior of the animal: at certain times, the dog becomes restless, aggressive, does not obey the owner, runs away and wanders, marks the territory, spoils the owner’s things and property.
It should be borne in mind that if the female is ready to reproduce the offspring 1-2 times a year, then the male, to one degree or another, feels the need to realize the sexual instinct constantly. A modern way to make the life of pets (and owners) more comfortable is by neutering or neutering dogs. But what you need to know about it?
How animal behavior changes?
After sterilization (castration), the dog’s sexual cycle stops, signs of sexual behavior disappear.
Possible complications and risks of neutering (neutering) dogs:
Anesthetic risks during surgery;
Intra- and postoperative surgical complications;
The metabolism of spayed (castrated) animals changes towards increased formation of fat and deposition of adipose tissue in the dog’s body. Reduced physical activity and the use of high-calorie feed in the diet of an animal leads to the accumulation of excess weight and the development of obesity. Your dog’s condition can be assessed using the Purina Body Condition System.
How and when to prepare your pet for surgery?
Puberty in dogs occurs between 6-13 months of age, depending on size and breed. It is recommended to castrate males at the age of 7-9 months, females. from 6 months of age: in the period after the change of teeth and before the start of the first estrus.
As a rule, a young animal does not need special preparation for the procedure. However, the dog is kept on a starvation diet for 12 hours, leaving access to water, the animal is walked before the operation.
Clinically healthy, vaccinated animals are allowed to the operation at least 3 weeks after the last vaccination. Pedigree dogs are advised to assess the state of the cardiovascular system prior to surgery.
If the dog is more than 5 years old, before sterilization (castration), the animal needs a preoperative examination to identify concomitant pathologies, to determine contraindications and the degree of anesthetic risk: it is necessary to pass general clinical and biochemical blood tests, do echocardiography and ECG.
How is the operation and how to care for your pet after it?
Male castration is the removal of the gonads (testes) with the imposition of ligatures on the spermatic cords and blood vessels and suturing of the skin wound under general anesthesia. In the postoperative period, the sutures are processed, and to protect the surgical wound from licking the dog, it is necessary to wear a protective collar. Stitches are removed on day 10-14.
Female sterilization is an abdominal surgery that involves removing the gonads (ovaries) and uterus under general anesthesia. Sutures are applied to the muscles and skin of the abdominal wall, the skin suture is treated in the postoperative period with antiseptic solutions. To protect the seam from licking and contamination, a blanket is put on the dog, in which it must walk until the seams are removed. After sterilization, the stitches are removed from the skin on days 10-14.
How sterilization (castration) of dogs helps?
Terminates reproductive function;
Relieves unwanted signs of sexual behavior;
Reduces injuries and vagrancy;
Prevents the development of inflammatory and oncological diseases of the reproductive system;
Sterilization of females before the onset of the sexual cycle prevents the development of breast tumors;
Increases the lifespan of animals neutered or neutered at an early age;
Sterilized (neutered) animals are owner-oriented, good companions.
It must be remembered that sterilization (castration) does not affect the character traits and working qualities of dogs. In addition, after this procedure, the pet does not always cease to be aggressive and naughty or stops marking territory. If the wrong behavior was caused by other factors. educational shortcomings, diseases, then it needs to be corrected by other methods.
How to prevent health problems?
To prevent the development of obesity, it is recommended to feed spayed (castrated) dogs with specialized feeds with reduced fat. As such, you can use the PRO PLAN® Adult Light / Sterilized dry food with the OPTIWEIGHT® complex, which, along with reduced levels of fat sources, contains an increased amount of protein and fiber for intensive use of fat deposits, maintaining muscle mass and maintaining joints.
A dog after castration or neutering continues to need training and informational load. For feeding rewards during exercise and walking, it is convenient to use PRO PLAN® Biscuits Light. specially formulated treats with low fat and increased protein content, allowing you to control animal weight.
It must be remembered that in the social aspect, sterilization (castration) of females and males at an early age is a humane attitude towards animals and control of the number of stray dogs and unwanted offspring. However, the choice always remains with the owner.
What are the basic principles of nutrition for active and working dogs. read in the next article.
Description of the castration procedure
Surgical castration takes place as follows:
- The dog is placed on a sterile table.
- Anesthesia is administered.
- The fur coat is removed from the place of the future seam.
- The incision site is treated with an antiseptic.
- Groin cut (or scrotum in males).
- The genitals are removed (testes to males, females. only the ovaries or together with the uterus).
- The incision is sutured.
- Re-treatment with antiseptic.
Males do not need suture removal, females remove sutures 10. 14 days after surgery. The total manipulation time is about 10 minutes for males, 40 minutes for females.
Advantages and disadvantages of the procedure
The benefits of castration include:
- No unwanted puppies;
- Prevention of a number of diseases (including cancer);
- Lack of uncontrolled hormonal surges;
- Calmer, accommodating behavior;
- Decreased sex drive;
- Protection against inflammation and sexually transmitted infections;
- The dog becomes more owner-oriented;
- There is no tendency to escape;
- According to statistics, neutered animals live longer.
The main disadvantage of castration is the need for anesthesia. Dogs are much more difficult to recover from anesthesia than humans. And before carrying out the operation, it is necessary to consult a veterinarian for each particular case. For some animals (especially aged and obese), the castration procedure may be contraindicated.
It is believed that castrated animals are more susceptible to bone cancer and hypothyroidism, due to imbalances in thyroid hormones. This information does not have any scientific basis, neutered and natural dogs are equally ill with cancer or hypothyroidism.
How to prepare an animal for surgery
Castration. like any other operation, requires attention and careful preparation. You should start with a consultation with a veterinarian, tests and ultrasound diagnostics of the heart.
They operate only on completely healthy animals. 14 days before the appointed date, they carry out the prevention of helminths. If the time comes to give vaccinations, then they must be done before the operation (3 to 4 weeks). During the recovery period of the body after castration, the immune system will be reduced. vaccinations cannot be given at this time.
Immediate preparation for the operation is not difficult: fast diet 10-12 hours before the operation, restriction of drinking for 6 hours.
The traditional place for castration is a veterinary clinic. The advantages of an operation in a veterinary institution are complete sterility and a lower price for the procedure. Among other things, in case of complications, the doctor has any equipment and drugs at hand.
In many European countries, in the USA and Canada, the procedure for early castration and sterilization is practiced. They operate on puppies that have reached 3 months of age. Domestic doctors believe that such an early age negatively affects the development of internal organs and external exterior. But as foreign practice shows, the use of quality drugs and dogs in good conditions in the postoperative period does not give any negative results.
In Western states, all animals that do not have breeding value are castrated. Thus, over the past 15 years, they have managed to regulate haphazard breeding and practically reduce the number of stray dogs to zero.
Usually the cost depends on the weight of the animal, here are the for the entire procedure with consumables:
- Up to 5 kg. 2000-2500 rubles.
- An animal weighing 5-10 kg. 3000-3500 rubles.
- 10-20 kg. 4000 rubles.
- 20 and above. 4500-5000 rubles.
Surgical castration is the traditional method. The effects of surgery are irreversible, but dogs do not suffer from hormonal surges and are less susceptible to breast or scrotal cancer, prostatitis, or pyometra.
Postoperative animal care
Males after surgery need less care than females. Due to the physiological disposition of the genitals, castration of a male individual is much easier.
General requirements for the care of postoperative dogs:
- The animal is discharged from the veterinary clinic, even before it wakes up. Due to the fact that anesthesia affects heat transfer, the dog may freeze. She should be covered with a warm blanket.
- Upon arrival home, the pet needs to be allocated a quiet, calm place where no one will bother him. Need a moisture-wicking diaper, as the dog can urinate underneath.
- Do not feed for at least 4 hours after surgery. Vomiting is possible after anesthesia. Further, it is worth providing a gentle diet for 2-3 days. For pets on natural feeding, these are liquid cereals. Dry food must first be soaked in water.
- For any systematic ailments (vomiting, diarrhea, a decrease or increase in body temperature), contact the clinic.
It is important to monitor the condition of the pet during drug sleep. If the convulsions began, the pulse rate or temperature jumped sharply, this is a reason to return to the veterinary clinic. It is also necessary to keep track of the time that has passed since the operation. The dog should wake up no later than 6 hours.
Among other things, it is necessary to carefully monitor that the pet does not lick the seams, for this they use special blankets or medical collars.
Possible complications and contraindications
Contraindications to castration:
- Aged animals.
- Puppies that are too young, not immunized against viral diseases.
- Obese dogs.
- Individuals with weakened immunity after illness.
- Pets with high breeding value for the breed (as a recommendation).
- Other diseases for which anesthesia is contraindicated.
There may be several options for complications after castration:
- The operation was performed incorrectly, the internal organs were not completely removed. In this case, a second operation is required.
- Abscesses, purulent inflammation can occur when an infection is introduced with a non-sterile instrument or when the suture is not properly processed.
- Seam divergence. requires re-suturing if the edges of the wound have not yet pulled together. Most affected by large, heavy dogs.
- Disturbances in the work of the heart and lungs after anesthesia or an allergic reaction to the drug.
Very often, postoperative complications arise through the fault of the owner of the animal. In this case, the expression “heals like a dog” has no practical meaning. The animal must be restricted in movement until the seam is completely tightened.
The scar itself needs care and daily treatment. It must be kept clean and ensure that no dirt gets into the cut. To do this, before walking, you must put on protective clothing on the dog or in any other way secure the seam.
The dog owner is most often intimidated by her reaction to anesthesia. Severe trembling, vomiting, disorientation. They should disappear on the first day after the operation. Animals often have an allergic reaction to drugs used for anesthesia. It is not possible to predict the pathological consequences. They depend on the individual characteristics of the pet’s body.
The advantages and disadvantages of castration and sterilization
Sterilization and castration has both advantages and disadvantages that owners should be aware of before undergoing surgery.
- Normalization of the behavior of males, females;
- Coping with unwanted behavioral patterns;
- Prophylaxis of inflammatory, cancer processes, diseases of the genitourinary tract;
- Minimizing injury to animals walk which may be caused by aggression search pairs;
- Animals are less stressed;
- Lack of hormonal surges affecting dog behavior.
Neutered dogs become more obedient, balanced, which is especially important for working dogs. Pet lifespan increases.
Disadvantages of neutering dogs:
- Change in hormonal levels;
- Gaining excess weight;
- Postoperative complications.
What is sterilization
Sterilization of dogs is a surgical operation in which the spermatic cord is tied in males, but the genitals (testicles) that produce hormones are not removed, and the fallopian tubes are ligated in females.
What is castration
Castration is a surgical operation in which the gonads are completely removed in animals, namely, in males the testes (testes), and in females, the ovaries, sometimes together with the uterus.
- To correct aggressive behavior in animals;
- For the suppression of sexual desire;
- Termination of reproductive functions;
- For medical reasons;
- Due to malformations (cryptorchidism in males);
- Animals that are not suitable for breeding;
- In order to prevent possible diseases and pathologies of the urinary tract.
After the operation, the dog, regardless of gender, loses heat, and negative behavioral skills associated with rutting are stopped. Animals cannot reproduce offspring due to the complete suppression of reproductive functions.
Males stop marking their territory and become less aggressive. In females, the painful sensations caused by estrus disappear.
Which is preferable, castration or sterilization
Despite the fact that neutering is a more humane operation than neutering, in the first case, the dog continues to have behavioral problems associated with sexual behavior.
In females and males, the risk of developing oncological processes (breast cancer, prostate adenoma in males) increases. In sterilized individuals, diseases of the organs of the genitourinary system of an inflammatory nature (pyometra, inflammation of the testicles) are often diagnosed.
Neutering or spaying a dog, what are the differences and which is better
Neutering, sterilization of dogs is a surgical operation aimed at suppressing sexual desire in males and females. At the same time, many factories believe that castration is prescribed exclusively to males, sterilization. to females. Is this so and what is the difference between these operations.
What is the Difference Between Neutering and Neutering Dogs
With castration, the sex glands are completely removed, with sterilization no.
In sterilized individuals, the functioning of the gonads is aimed at producing sex hormones, but the dog cannot reproduce offspring. The animal retains sexual prey, other aspects of sexual behavior (marking of the territory, rut, change in behavior).
After surgery, owners should clarify what should be the correct care for the pet in the postoperative period in order to avoid the development of possible postoperative complications. Do not forget that any surgical manipulation is a serious stress for the organism pets.
Particular attention should also be paid to the exercise and diet of the dog, since excessive high-calorie nutrition contributes to gaining excess weight, metabolic disorders, endocrine disorders.
Today’s pet owners are increasingly inclined to neuter the pet. For some, this is a self-evident procedure, but many still doubt its advisability and resort only to extreme cases. What is dog castration, what are its benefits and harms?
Positive aspects of castration
Among the advantages of neutering dogs are the following:
- A dog of any gender becomes more suitable for keeping in an apartment;
- Males calm down, stop showing aggression towards others and in 50% of cases mark everything around;
- The male not only refuses to start fights, but also becomes uninteresting for other militant males;
- Sex drive decreases over time, and interest in the opposite sex disappears;
- Dogs lose their tendency to escape and wander;
- Castration prevents cancer of the genital organs in old age;
- In bitches, pyometra of the uterus most often occurs, therefore, it is recommended to castrate the ovaries together with the uterus;
- The operation will protect the animal from genital infections.
The animal stops worrying, his appetite increases and his sleep improves, and he has a great desire to play and be mischievous. If he had attempts to gain leadership in the house, then they gradually come to naught.
Of course, castration cannot completely affect the character of the pet, but only partially corrects it. obvious changes require training, sufficient physical activity and training. In some cases, the animal becomes balanced only with age.
There is a myth that castration reduces the protective qualities of dogs, but in fact there is no connection here. If the dog was an excellent watchdog, then after the operation it will remain so.
How is the operation
General anesthesia is used for castration. Preparatory activities include the following:
- Positioning the animal on a sterile surface;
- Introduction of anesthesia;
- Removing hair from the place of future surgery;
- Disinfection of the incision area.
In males, the veterinarian makes incisions in the scrotum, pulls the spermatic cord, and amputates the testes.
The formed small wounds are sprinkled with a special powder agent. Tricillin, it helps to avoid complications. The duration of the procedure is about five minutes, the removal of stitches after surgery is not required.
In female dogs operation is more complicated, as there is penetration into the inner cavity of the body. The doctor cuts the groin area and removes the organs (one of the ovaries, or together with the uterus). The procedure takes about half an hour. After stitching, bandages are put on the animal, sometimes a special blanket is used so that the dog does not scratch or lick the damaged area.
Why castrate dogs
If we consider female pets, then everything is obvious. The dog will not attract flocks of excited males, will not indulge in “all bad”, putting himself in danger.
There will be no leaks, which means that uncontrolled conception and unnecessary offspring will not occur. The owner will not need to add or get rid of the puppies (besides, not always in a humane way). And there is a high probability that a mestizo puppy from good hands will end up on the street, joining the ranks of stray dogs.
As for males, for them high hormone levels in the absence of mating becomes the primary cause of aggressive behavior. They mark the entire territory, not excluding household items, and cause inconvenience by jumping on people, including children.
They become uncontrollable during walks, attack other males and selflessly, to the point of fanaticism, chasing tech bitches, literally, spend the night under their doors. And if in females, sooner or later, estrus ends, in males this condition is year-round.
In addition to these factors, there is a need for castration for medical reasons. The cause may be an inflammatory process in the genitals (testes are most often affected in males) or the formation of cancerous tumors.
Disadvantages of neutering dogs
As with any other surgical intervention, castration has possible side effects and complications. Among the main disadvantages of neutering dogs can be noted hormonal imbalance, which cannot but affect the health of the animal.
The operation can cause the following conditions:
- Development of hypothyroidism. a disease caused by a decrease in the functionality of the thyroid gland and a decrease in the level of hormones it produces.
- Bone cancer. according to statistics, neutered males most often suffer from malignant tumors in bone tissues.
- Obesity. increased appetite after castration often causes excess weight gain, and an obese animal is more susceptible to diseases of the cardiovascular system.
- Behavioral abnormalities. can be seen in elderly castrated males.
- Change in coat. a lack of male hormone affects the condition of the coat, it becomes softer, similar in structure to a puppy.
Dog owners should also be aware that animals are more difficult to tolerate anesthesia than humans. Veterinarians themselves estimate its danger higher than from surgery. In this case, everything depends on the correct calculation of the dosage. With a small dose, the dog may wake up before the end of the procedure. Above the normal dosage there is a high risk of cardiac arrest.
Nowadays, a number of veterinarians oppose castration, as it can still have a detrimental effect on the dog’s health.
Age appropriate for castration
As for males, there are age restrictions. They are castrated not earlier than six months, otherwise the dog’s growth and physical development may stop.
Female dogs undergo surgery before their first estrus, this period ranges from 6-9 months. If everything is done on time and correctly, the bitch will be protected from neoplasms in the mammary glands.
Cost of neutering dogs
In any clinic, the cost of neutering dogs varies, based primarily on the size of the animal and gender. In addition, vary in private and public veterinary hospitals.
It is possible to call a specialist at home, in which case the cost of the operation increases within 1000 rubles. Also, castration will cost more at night and in the presence of concomitant complications.
Sterilization and castration. what is the difference
Most people ignorant of these matters believe that castration is used exclusively for males, and sterilization is used for females. However, this is not quite true.
When sterilizing females, the fallopian tubes are tied, males. the seminal ducts. The medical name for the operation is vasectomy. In this case, the animal retains all the reproductive organs, they continue their activity to produce hormones. Pets retain sexual desire, and they can mate, but they will not have offspring.
Castration is a more radical procedure during which the animal is deprived of its reproductive organs. In bitches, the uterus and ovaries are removed, or some ovaries. Both testicles are amputated in males.
That is, in the first case, there is a violation of sexual functions, in the second. their complete deprivation.
Important arguments for sterilization
As you know, some pet owners resort to this procedure for one reason or another. What can push them to this act??
Dogs of both sexes are sterilized to avoid unnecessary and sometimes uncontrolled offspring. And the operation has its own, indisputable, advantages. Pros of neutering dogs:
- The owners of the bitch will be able to walk the dog without hindrance, without the possible attacks of the surrounding males and their gatherings around the current girlfriend. This will protect both humans and animals.
- The spayed males normalize their psyche, they stop running after every “bride”, exposing themselves to the danger of being lost, stolen or hit by a car. The same can be said for females.
- After sterilization, dogs lose their aggression towards people and other animals, as well as the desire to mark territory, and then, because of it, sort things out with “rivals”.
- The female who brought offspring several times will preserve her health, and the operation will be an excellent prevention of possible diseases of the reproductive organs (pyometra, ovarian tumors, cysts, etc.).
- The life of a dog will become a couple of years longer (it is worth considering that one human year is more than seven human years).
- Sterilization will protect the animal from sexually transmitted diseases, which are a huge number in dogs.
- Pets lacking sexual instincts are more loyal and easier to train.
- Sterilization will protect against problems with unplanned offspring.
- This is the most humane way to reduce the number of mongrels, who often become homeless due to human fault.
As you can see, sterilization has a lot of positive advantages not only for the owners, but also for the pets themselves. But the medal also has a downside. What danger can this operation conceal??
Read the article:
Arguments against sterilization
When deciding on an operation, caring owners should be aware of possible pitfalls. The disadvantages of neutering dogs include the following factors:
- It is a surgical operation and, as predictable as it may be, things may not end so well; most often this is due to the low qualifications of the veterinarian and clinic, without proper experience, the doctor can make an irreparable mistake, for which the animal can pay not only with health, but also with life.
- For various reasons, complications may arise. bleeding, infection in the wound, the development of inflammatory processes, rupture of seams.
- The sterilized animal, due to changes in metabolism, in most cases, is prone to gaining excess weight and obesity.
- In the period from three to seven years after sterilization, urinary incontinence may develop. And this, in turn, becomes the cause of chronic pathologies of the urinary system.
- Anesthesia used during surgery can have a negative effect on the dog’s body.
Taking into account all the pros and cons of sterilization, it is worth referring to statistical data. deaths during the operation are extremely rare, and cases of the development of various diseases of the genitourinary system are quite common.
Neutering dogs is not just a surgical operation that deprives a pet of fertility, but also a serious step for every pet owner, making them think hard whether or not it is worth it. On the one hand, this is a great way to save yourself from many problems, but on the other hand, sterilization is definitely a surgical intervention in the body and nature of the animal. What should you choose? The pros and cons are worth considering.
Optimal age for sterilization
A very important question asked by responsible pet owners: “At what age should you spay a dog?” Surgeons have only one answer. the animal should be, first of all, healthy, and how old it is, two or six, does not play a special role. However, there are a lot of nuances in this matter.
For example, dogs over seven years old are more difficult to endure any operations, it is more difficult to recover from anesthesia, and the rehabilitation period lasts longer, since the aging body recovers more slowly.
However, many experienced veterinarians agree that all adult dogs that have reached the age of eight should be sterilized without fail, regardless of whether they often gave birth, 1-2 times in their entire life, or did not give birth at all. Mature animals significantly increase the risk of developing cancer, and this operation is an excellent way to avoid terrible diseases.
It is believed that if the plans are to breed the breed, then the last birth of a bitch should take place at the age of six, and then it should be sterilized, without waiting for the aging of the body.
Quite often, you can hear different opinions about early sterilization, which takes up to six months. In fact, such sterilization is fraught with serious consequences, which often lead to significant delays in the development and manifestation of chronic diseases. In addition, there are certain difficulties in calculating the appropriate dosage of anesthetic drugs and removing organs that are not fully formed. Sometimes a microscopic, not removed part of the ovary can recover and in this case, a second operation will be required.
If breeding is not in the plans, then the most appropriate period for sterilization is two to three weeks before the first estrus. Operation at this time will significantly reduce the risk of breast tumors and disruptions in the hormonal system.
In most cases, this is the age of the animal from 6 months to 1.5 years. It all depends on several factors:
- Breeds (small females tend to start flowing earlier);
- Features of the body (if the mother-dog was in heat a year, then, most likely, the daughter will be so).
To make sure that the time is right for the operation, it is necessary to pass tests to identify hormonal levels and consult with the breeder about the characteristics and hereditary predispositions of the pet.
In case of hormonal imbalance, abnormally long, abundant leaks, the bitch is sterilized, purely based on medical indicators. In this case, the facts of the presence or absence of childbirth are not taken into account.
Often, dog owners resort to sterilization as a way to get rid of an already existing pregnancy. But veterinarians warn against such operations. It is much safer for an animal to deliver offspring, to give birth and feed, than to undergo surgery at this time. During the period of gestation of puppies, the uterus of the bitch increases significantly, which leads to greater blood loss during sterilization and a longer recovery process.
If you overlooked your pet, then you should let the bitch fulfill her maternal duty and 30-35 days after giving birth, you can already have the operation. At this time, there is no need to postpone the procedure, but to carry it out in a timely manner.
However, there are options when sterilization is done involuntarily. For example, if the dog has an ailment that does not allow to carry puppies and postpone the process of childbirth. In this case, the operation must be carried out immediately, and the sooner this is done, the better.
Surgery and postoperative care
The operation is performed by a surgeon using general anesthesia and takes about an hour on average. At this time, the testes are removed for males.
With female dogs, things are somewhat more complicated, since access directly to the abdominal cavity is required to remove the ovaries or ovaries with the uterus. For this, an abdominal operation is performed and organs are removed through an incision.
After spaying, the dog is placed on a litter. It is necessary to periodically moisten the tongue and nose with water and do not give the dog plentiful drinks.
You can offer your pet food only on the second day, giving preference to soft, chopped food. Pastes and minced meat are perfect.
Treatment of seams with antiseptic agents will be required for 10-14 days. In order for the pet not to wet and lick the postoperative stitches, it is necessary to use special devices. collars, blankets.
It is up to the owner himself to decide whether to neuter the dog or not. The main thing is not to harm your beloved pet.
This is the desire of the owners
The cat gave birth to six kittens or a dog. Puppies, no difference. What to do with them? The owners are optimistic. They will distribute to friends. Pets are growing, and acquaintances are in no hurry to acquire a new friend.
Then the owners post an advertisement for kittens or puppies on the Internet on special message boards. Before deciding that “we want kittens”, it will not be superfluous to open any free classifieds board on the Internet and look at their number in the “give kittens” section.
Let’s give it to grandmothers. These sit near the markets with boxes, and in boxes, kittens and puppies. If they were not dismantled in a day, then the boxes are tied and thrown into the nearest basement or forest belt. Sometimes these boxes are left open, but still the kittens and puppies in them are doomed. Do you want such a fate for kittens from your cat? Death to death in the basement? Slow and painful at the hands of cruel people? Or from the teeth of stray dogs? Let’s keep silent about how many of them die from illness and injury. This is if they still manage to get out of the box.
What is sterilization? This is a cat’s tubal ligation. Or the spermatic ducts of a cat.
The reproductive organs of animals, in this case, are not affected. Accordingly, their functions remain the same. Sterilization does not affect the onset of heat. Its only advantage is the absence of offspring.
Pros and cons of castration
What is good about sterilization, and why it is bad, we found out above. Now on to castration.
- The reproductive organs are removed. The cat stops demanding the cat, harassing the whole family and neighbors with screams. The cat is not interested in “girlfriends”. Therefore, he does not try to run away from home and does not roll up concerts.
- Neutered pets live several years longer. It is believed that after castration the animal gets fat. When properly fed, a cat or cat will not turn into a bun.
- What is the difference between neutering and neutering cats and cats? The fact that it is carried out under anesthesia. This is a strong load on the body. After the procedure, the owner must carefully observe the pet. The animal moves as if in slow motion and does not understand well. He will jump onto a high cabinet, will not calculate his strength and will fall. This should not be allowed.
- An elderly pet should not be neutered. The heart may not withstand anesthesia.
So, neutering or neutering a cat: what’s the difference? We see that it is better to castrate a pet than to spay it. In the first case, the animal loses its reproductive organs. In the second, he simply cannot have kittens.
Pros and cons of sterilization
So, the advantages of sterilization:
- It is carried out under local anesthetic. The animal will not suffer from anesthesia.
- After the procedure, neither the cat nor the cat will be able to have offspring.
- The functions of the reproductive organs are not lost. What is behind these words? Cat concerts, the cat’s attempts to run away from home in search of the lady of the heart. The cat “suffers” worse. Her screams are heard by all the neighbors. And what is it like for the owners to be in the same apartment with such a “sufferer”?
- As the cat has marked the territory, it will continue to mark. Sterilization. Not a panacea for his antics.
- Due to the fact that the organs are functioning, and the animal does not receive satisfaction of its needs, it experiences stress. This leads to the fact that the pet refuses to eat, loses weight. Cats may develop urolithiasis.
Why deprive a cat of joy?
It is unlikely that a pet is happy when it fights with other cats for a lady of the heart. He comes home all scratched, skinny and hungry. Brings fleas or picks up any sores. Nor is he glad that he ran away from home. And now he doesn’t know what’s next. Once on the street, a domestic cat experiences fear and stress. He is unable to defend himself against danger. And it’s good if he hides in the basement, and the owners notice the absence of the pet. And they will go outside to look for him, calling by name. And it’s good if the cat thinks to leave the basement after hearing the owner’s voice. If not, what then?
Why are many owners opposed to neutering or neutering their pet? The main reasons are:
- It’s against nature.
- The cat must experience the happiness of motherhood.
- The owners want kittens or puppies.
- No funds for surgery.
- The owners believe that they will deprive the pet of its only joy.
- Planning to sell kittens or puppies.
We offer to disassemble each item.
No money for surgery
What is the difference between castration and sterilization? In addition to what is listed above, also the price. Sterilization is cheaper. The cost is equal to one weekend trip to the mall with a family. Or one trip to a good cafe.
No money at all? You can start saving as soon as you have a kitten. If the funds do not allow you to provide a good standard of living for the pet, then why then get a cat or a dog?
Age for surgery
If you plan to neuter a cat, at what age should you neuter or neuter your pet? A cat or a bitch. After the first heat. Male or female not earlier than six months of age. It is not recommended to perform the operation on animals over 8 years old.
How about dogs?
What is the difference between neutering and neutering in dogs? Everything is the same as in cats. Castration deprives the animal of reproductive organs, and its owners of problems. Sterilization is less humane, as the dog cannot reproduce. Otherwise, no changes will occur. The same estrus in bitches and attempts to escape in males.