Associated with the ancient instinct of dogs. “catch up and kill.” Therefore, it is most pronounced in hunting breeds. The dog begins to chase game (small birds and animals) or moving objects (cars, cyclists, skaters).
This type of bitterness is dangerous. In addition to the risk of a dog getting run over while chasing a car, there is a danger to children.
Sometimes the dog, due to high-pitched sounds and chaotic movements, perceives the baby as prey. He begins to constantly monitor the child, drooling, trying to grab him.
- Obedience courses;
- Establishing leadership;
- Suppression of attempts at pursuit with the commands “fu”, “sit”, “lie down”, “towards me”, at the same time it is necessary to sharply pull the leash.
It is easily identified by the following features:
- When eating, a dog bares his teeth at suitable dogs, cats, people;
- Bites when trying to pick up a bowl;
- Simultaneously growls and eagerly swallows food, can drop it;
- Sometimes attacks of food aggression appear if the dog receives a special treat.
It develops quite often due to indulgence in food habits: feeding from the table, frequent undeserved treats, encouraging begging. Also, food aggression appears if the animal eats before or simultaneously with family members.
- Before feeding, give the command “sit”;
- Put a bowl in front of the dog and command “wait”;
- Pause and allow to eat with the command “can”;
- Interrupt the meal with the commands “fu”, “no”, “wait”, wait a little and again allow to eat;
- Repeat several times.
Types of aggression in dogs, causes and remedies
The first signs of aggression in dogs are subtle and often ignored by inexperienced owners.
It all starts with disobedience, a little tougher bites during the game, “checks” of the owner for character.
Undesirable behavior must be nipped in the bud. If the problem is not eliminated in the bud, it will result in anger, which will have to be corrected persistently and for a long time.
It is expressed by such factors:
- A dog protects a specific person, does not allow other people and animals to approach him;
- The dog stands between the protected object and those around;
- The animal reacts sharply to sudden movements, handshakes, hugs.
A characteristic feature of defensive aggression is its absence if the owner is not around.
This type of unwanted behavior is easier to prevent. The measures are:
- Socializing a pet with puppyhood;
- Introducing him to adults and children, other animals;
- Suppression of malicious behavior towards others.
Driven by fear and pain
Inherent in weak, cowardly, insecure animals. It can occur during or after an anticipated situation. for example, when visiting a veterinary clinic or when children or adults who have previously offended the dog are approaching.
- Growling and grinning, the dog’s attempts to grab his hands with his teeth, at the same time he turns over on his back;
- The desire to escape, hide in a corner;
It is important to calm your pet right away. If the dog is cornered or threatened, he will pounce.
Removing fear is difficult, sometimes impossible. To correct the situation, you must:
- Socialize the dog;
- As often as possible find yourself in situations that the animal perceives as threatening, but make sure that nothing dangerous happens;
- At the first sign of anxiety, calm the dog down, switch his attention, give treats or toys.
It manifests itself in the following features:
- The dog rushes at everyone who, in its opinion, encroaches on the territory;
- Strengthens with a clear definition of boundaries. if there is a fence, hedge;
- The dog guards any objects. a house plot, a car, etc.
- There is no aggression if the animal is not on its territory.
Territorial aggression can be nipped in the bud if the dog is still a puppy undergoes a special course on site protection.
Independent adjustment methods are reduced to:
- Suppression of barking, growling and throwing at bystanders;
- Taking the pet to a closed room before the visit of the guests, after it is taken out to acquaint with the visitors;
- Teaching the animal to respond to really dangerous situations and ignore everyday incidents.
Appears in bitches during pregnancy and feeding puppies. She will not allow people and animals to approach the corral where the kids are, worry or rush if someone touches the puppies, bark and growl as soon as another person or pet appears on the horizon.
In severe cases, the bitch can crush or eat the puppy. Some tailed mothers start devouring toys.
It is impossible to control or suppress maternal aggression. It will disappear by itself when hormonal levels return to normal. All actions boil down to not provoking a bitch.
- Do not take puppies and do not approach them if the bitch is aggressive;
- Change bedding, water, clean up in the aviary when the dog is walking or eating;
- Give sedatives if directed by your veterinarian.
Directly related to the lack of hierarchy in the family. This aggression will manifest itself in the fact that the pet will not give away toys, even which he himself brought for the game.
Sometimes a pet chooses a certain object and begins to guard it, observing it from a distance.
A few tips will help you fix the “owner”:
- Make it clear that the toys belong to the owner, and he only allows you to play with them;
- Eliminate pulling fun, especially with large breeds;
- The owner must always win;
- Only the person decides when the game starts and ends.
It appears during puberty and social maturation. at 1.5. 3 years. Mostly typical for males. Only 10% of bitches show it. A characteristic feature. the dog becomes even more embittered when punished.
How to prevent and fix:
- Establish a clear hierarchy in the family, in which the dog will take last place;
- Determine the rules of conduct for the dog and adhere to them unswervingly;
- Forbid the pet to sleep on the bed, eat from the table;
- Ensure that the animal obeys from the first, maximum. the second time.
How to stop a dog from rushing at other dogs: tips from dog handlers
A dog, regardless of age and breed, must be properly socialized, unquestioningly follow commands, behave adequately at home and on walks. Aggressiveness, inappropriate behavior of the dog can lead to a number of problems. Therefore, consider how to stop a dog from rushing at other dogs. Here are the effective methods, advice from professional dog handlers.
The dog should not show unreasonable aggression towards its relatives, other animals, people. It is necessary to instill the correct behavior in a dog at an early age, since it is quite difficult to eradicate addictions and habits in an adult pet.
Why does a dog on the street react inappropriately to other dogs
The behavior of our smaller brothers largely depends on proper socialization, systematic training. An uncontrollable dog showing aggression without reason, regardless of its age, breed, size, is a real problem not only for owners, but also for other animals and people.
If a dog rushes at its relatives, before choosing one or another method of correcting the behavior of a pet, you need to find out the reasons. There are no dogs that do not lend themselves to training, training. There are no dogs that cannot be trained to respond appropriately to other dogs. There are improperly chosen behavioral correction methods.
The reasons for the dog’s aggression towards its relatives:
- Errors in education;
- Improper adaptation, socialization;
- Lack of contact with relatives, other animals;
- Psychological trauma;
- Domination, emotional overexcitation;
- Insufficient physical, mental stress;
- Sexual competition;
- Physical discomfort, severe pain syndrome;
- Breed features (hunting, fighting, guard breeds).
This behavior of dogs can be caused by territorial aggression. Following the instincts laid down by nature, dogs can protect their territory from intruders. And this can be not only a private courtyard, closed areas, but also ordinary walking areas or areas adjacent to them. Dogs behave aggressively towards relatives, feeling like masters in certain territories.
Aggression can be a manifestation of dominance. Difficulties and problems in communicating with relatives on the street are most often noted in animals with pronounced dominant behavior. Strong individuals suppress the weak, showing their advantage and strength. In addition, such dogs often seek to take the place of the leader in the family, which they consider to be their pack.
Another reason for this behavior is the encouragement of aggression by the owners. You can see how the owners of fighting breeds play off their dogs or, worst of all, they poison their pets on other animals or do not react when their dog gets into a fight.
Even at an early age, it is categorically impossible to play off and encourage the unreasonable aggression of your pet, regardless of its breed. Such behavior must be strictly suppressed immediately.!
Perhaps the dog reacts inadequately to its relatives due to the psychological trauma received in childhood. A puppy on a walk could be frightened by another dog, so an older pet may bark or throw at other dogs on the street.
Strong emotional shock, frequent stress, any other factors negatively affecting the psyche can provoke groundless, completely unreasonable aggression in animals, and at the same time not only in relation to their own kind.
Pain, discomfort can also cause this behavior. Therefore, if a balanced and peaceful dog began to rush on the street at other dogs, animals, react sharply to passers-by, we recommend showing the animal to the veterinarian.
How to stop a puppy from attacking dogs
Regardless of what breed or size your dog is, he must adequately assess situations and not show aggression without a reason. Therefore, from an early age, you need to properly socialize the pet and immediately suppress inappropriate behavior. Unfortunately, you can see that the owners of decorative breeds walk their pets only on a leash and all because the dog barks or rushes at other dogs.
After the end of quarantine, gradually train the puppy to adequately respond to external stimuli on the street. The dog should not show much interest in strangers, birds, or other animals.
The first walks should be short. Take your puppy for a walk on a leash in quiet, calm places, away from common dog walking areas. Gradually increase the time for walking, and as soon as the little pet gets used to it, gets used to the street and to the new environment, gradually accustom it to communicate with relatives. Be aware of your dog’s behavior, environment and surroundings at all times. Avoid contact with stray animals, aggressive relatives.
It is best if the puppy first starts contacting dogs of its own age or with calm, peaceful individuals. Gradually take your pet for walks in the private sector, but do not allow him to react and bark at the dogs that are behind the fence. Stop this behavior with a strict tone, forbidden commands. If the dog obeys, obeys commands, praise, encourage with a treat.
Notice when your puppy wants to chase other dogs or animals. If the dog twitches its ears, stretches its neck forward, lifts one paw, assumes tense or expectant postures, pull on the leash, give the command “Near” or “No”. Switch your dog’s attention and distract him from the object of interest. Praise your obedience.
If all else fails, then we recommend contacting a dog handler. The specialist will instill the correct behavior manners, help with the correct socialization of the dog, eradicate the harmful addictions of the pet.
What to do if an adult dog rushes at other dogs
There are no dogs that do not lend themselves to training, training. Any dog can be taught to adequately and calmly react to its relatives and behave normally on walks. Just if you missed a moment in education or you took an adult dog from a shelter that is not too well educated and socialized, please be patient.
Act persistently but consistently. It will take time to train the dog to adequately respond on the street to their fellows.
Only the right approach, alternating encouragement with censure will help to achieve the desired result. If necessary, a general training course, individual lessons with a dog handler will help teach your pet diplomatic behavior.
Train your dog to forbid commands, commands “To me”, “Near” and immediately suppress inappropriate reactions to other animals or manifestations of anger for no reason. Until the dog begins to calmly react to relatives and begins to follow commands, walk him on a leash. Long leashes with a lock can be used.
Learn to punish your dog properly. If the pet is guilty, then it is guilty. No parenting indulgences.
Switch the dog’s attention from the object of interest with toys, treats. Always praise the animal for its obedience. If you did not manage to prevent the chase and the dog ran to attack its relative, call the pet sharply and loudly, give the command “Come to me”.
Pronounce the commands in a confident tone. The dog should feel your strength, confidence and authority. But still, be prepared for failure, as developing the correct skills in an adult dog is not an easy and easily accomplished task.
If the dog has signs of dominant behavior, you first need to re-educate the pet, subordinate it to yourself. The dog should perceive you as the leader, the “leader” of the pack. Otherwise, the dog will refuse to execute commands.
If your pet is showing territorial aggression, walk the dog in neutral territories, where he will not feel too confident. Encourage contact with other dogs, but immediately stop any attempts at aggression. Regular communication with fellows in a calm atmosphere and on neutral territory will sooner or later bear fruit.
Radical ways of education
You can resort to more radical methods of education. Use shock collars, “planers”, ultrasonic devices that will help to form the right attitude towards relatives, but only after prior consultation with a dog handler and veterinarian. Stronger stimuli will help to instill correct behavioral skills and reflexes in animals faster.
If the cause of aggression is stress, severe fright, emotional overexcitation, you can give the dog sedatives. Consult your veterinarian regarding the choice of sedatives. Create the most comfortable environment, surround your pet with attention, affection and care.
To teach your beloved dog good behavior, to instill an adequate relationship with another animal, before choosing an educational method, determine the root cause of such behavior. Consider the age, personality, breed characteristics, temperament and type of the pet’s nervous system. Always strive to achieve your goals and objectives, but never force your dog to do something that it cannot do.
Cinophobes are constantly experiencing feelings of heightened anxiety, although there is no apparent reason for concern. A person is always in a tense expectation of a dog attack. He can’t get rid of the obsessive thought of a potential threat.
For people suffering from kinophobia, it is enough to just mentally imagine an aggressive dog, how they develop the following physical symptoms:
- Increased sweating;
- A feeling of tightness in the chest;
- Nausea and dizziness;
- Muscle spasms;
- Trembling in the body.
The psyche of kinophobes also reacts to irrational fear, they feel:
- Confusion in thoughts;
- Loss of control over the situation;
- An insistent desire to run and hide;
- Constant feeling of threat;
- Obsessive negative thoughts and pessimism;
- Irritability and unreasonable aggression towards others;
- Fear of death.
With a severe form of phobia, panic attacks periodically occur. In this state, a person is seized by uncontrollable fear. He does not understand what is happening to him. It seems to him that he is dying. And even the distant barking of a dog can trigger a panic attack.
Excessive and uncontrollable fear of dogs can make life very difficult. A person stops leaving the house because he is afraid to meet stray dogs.
What is “kinophobia
Kinophobia is a fear of dogs, both street and domestic. The object of a phobia can be not only the animals themselves, but also pictures, photographs with the image of dogs, stories and any mention of them. This type of phobia has 2 subspecies:
- Adactophobia. fear of being bitten;
- Rabiephobia. fear of getting rabies.
According to the World Health Organization, about 3.5% of the world’s population suffer from kinophobia. Children and people under the age of 30 are most susceptible to it. In rare cases, the fear of dogs accompanies a person all his life.
Psychologists distinguish between true and false kinophobia. Some individuals with mental disorders try to justify their killing of dogs, hiding behind the fear of these animals.
True kinophobes are mostly non-aggressive. When meeting with animals that cause fear, they prefer to bypass them for a kilometer or run away.
How to help your child stop being afraid
Small children are very impressionable. The reasons why a child becomes afraid of dogs may be:
- The attack of the dog on the child himself;
- Dog bite;
- Harsh and loud barking;
- Large sizes, especially when the dog is larger than a child;
- A grin and an angry growl;
- An animal attack on other people, which happened in front of a baby.
Parents need to behave properly to prevent their phobia from developing further. Do not do the following:
- Calling the child a coward;
- To make fun of his fear;
- Making the child face their fear.
Here are some tips to help your child overcome fear.
- As you pass the dog on the street, hold your baby’s hand tightly. He will feel safe under your protection.
- Watch movies and cartoons with your child in which dogs are depicted as friendly animals.
- Take your child to a visit where there is a puppy. Let the kid play with the dog.
- When teaching your child about dogs, do not emphasize that they can bite. Better describe the positive qualities of the animal.
Be sure to teach your child how to behave properly when meeting dogs, namely:
- Do not touch her when she is eating or licking the puppies;
- Do not run away from dogs;
- Do not look the dog directly in the eyes;
- Do not approach stray animals.
How to behave when meeting a dog
To understand the mood of a dog, you need to study its habits. By the behavior of the animal, you can determine what is “on his mind”.
|Walks from side to side. The tail is tense.||Thinks. to attack a person who is in sight or not.|
|Waving his tail happily, sticking out his tongue.||Wants to play or meet. The animal is friendly.|
|She perked up her ears. The wool stands on end.||Shows discontent, prepares to attack.|
|I set my tail between my legs and my ears.||The animal is afraid, but is still ready to attack to protect itself.|
|Growls, showing fangs.||Sign of direct readiness to attack.|
|Barks loudly.||Defends its territory. Warns that he will bite a person if he does not leave.|
Basically, dogs attack only if provoked. Although there are exceptions to the rule. Dog handlers advise against doing the following when meeting with a stray dog:
- Wave your arms;
- Scream loudly;
- Throw stones or sticks at the dog;
- Look an animal in the eye.
Such human behavior will only cause aggression in the beast. Here’s what to do if you meet a stray dog or a whole flock of unfriendly animals on your way.
- Try to walk by as calmly as possible. Dogs are excellent at sensing other people’s fear and are excellent at recognizing false confidence.
- Lower your eyes down, and press your hands to the body. So, the dog will see that the person is not dangerous.
- Don’t smile. Your smile can be perceived as a grin. And this is already a signal for action: we must defend ourselves.
- Don’t run away. This makes absolutely no sense if you cannot quickly hide in an entrance or other room. The animal is almost always faster and more resilient.
- Do not turn your back on them. They will definitely attack from behind.
- Always look for a leader in a pack of dogs. If you can scare him away. get rid of all the rest.
- Try to distract the dog that is about to attack. To do this, throw her some, preferably edible, object. The animal will switch to it and forget about the person.
Dogs guarding private houses feel at home. They are the protectors of the house and its inhabitants. Therefore, the animal will necessarily bark or growl at a stranger passing by. Think of her barking as an alarm. Calmly pass by, observing the beast with a peripheral vision.
If the animal is not on the chain and rushes after you, then stop and turn to face him. Try to stay calm. Although, of course, in such a situation it is very difficult. Most likely the dog will just sniff you and return to its booth. You can give him the command: “Fu!”. Just do it with a confident and firm voice. Almost all pets understand this command.
For inner peace, carry one of the means of self-defense with you:
- Stun gun;
- Gas canister;
- Ultrasonic Dog Repeller.
They will help defend against an animal attack. If suddenly the dog attacks you, and there are no devices at hand, then hit him in the nose. This will neutralize the beast. The dog’s nose is the most vulnerable point.
A dog is a pack animal. She feels the hierarchy and meekly submits to the one who is higher in this hierarchy. And at the top is always the most confident. the leader of the pack. Earlier I wrote that if you are afraid of dogs, then do not look them in the eyes. Otherwise, they will take it as a signal to attack.
However, if you are a person who does not allow doubts about your superiority, then your direct look in the eyes of the animal will make him obey. The dog will lower his eyes, begin to whine. So build confidence and no dog will be scary.
How to stop being afraid of dogs and get rid of your phobia forever
One way or another, we all fear or fear dogs. Especially representatives of fighting breeds and packs of stray dogs. After all, you never know what is on their minds, and in the event of an attack, it can be extremely difficult to fight off animals alone. But sometimes fear turns into a real phobia. A person experiences panic horror even when he just sees the dog from a distance. This makes life difficult for him. So I want to tell you today how to stop being afraid of dogs.
Getting rid of fear
If kinophobia is the result of psychological trauma from an attack or dog bite, psychotherapy is the most effective way to deal with the fear. Without referral to a specialist, a phobia can provoke a person to retreat. Kinophobe will stop going out.
In addition to psychotherapy, in especially difficult cases, the patient is prescribed a course of medications. The antidepressants of the group of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have proven themselves well. The indications for their use are just panic disorders, depression, increased anxiety. But they can only be used as directed by a doctor!
For those who do not suffer from kinophobia, but are simply afraid of dogs, I want to offer some advice from psychologists.
- If you have fear only in relation to a certain breed, then try to find a familiar person with such a puppy. Play with your baby, take a walk with him. Then you will understand that this is an ordinary child who needs love, care, attention and affection.
- If you often have to visit places where there are many stray dogs, then get yourself, for example, a stun gun. Possession of such a means of self-defense in itself already gives confidence and a sense of security.
- Start talking to the dogs of the breeds that cause you the least fear. Ask the owner for permission to pet the dog, play with him, treat him with something tasty.
Fear must be overcome gradually. Make yourself a step-by-step plan. Describe situations and actions in it, from least intimidating to causing panic. A rough plan might look like this.
- View pictures with dogs.
- Views and films about them.
- Observe the dogs in the yard through a closed window.
- Watch the dogs walking through the open window.
- Look at dogs walking in a muzzle and on a leash on the street.
- Be in the same room with the animal.
- Pet the dog.
Moving from point to point, you will gradually stop being afraid. You may even like these animals and want to have a pet yourself.
According to zoopsychologists, some dogs are also susceptible to phobias. These include, for example:
- Fear of loneliness and separation from the owner;
- Fear of certain loud noises.
Many street dogs are afraid that people will hurt them. This fear arises from the fact that some people kick them, throw stones and sticks at them. Even the aggressive dog barking, which scares us so much, is sometimes associated with cruelty on the part of people. The dog senses danger from a person and tries to protect himself.
In general, the one you are so afraid of is afraid of a lot himself.
Causes of fear
Fear of dogs most often develops in childhood or adolescence. Without psychotherapy, fear can last a lifetime.
Interestingly, people who have been attacked by dogs do not necessarily become kinophobes afterwards. They, of course, recover for a long time after the experience. They may need the help of a psychologist. But they have no pathological fear of these animals.
People bitten by dogs tend to fear large and aggressive animals. At the same time, they treat puppies or small friendly dogs with tenderness and awe. They do not feel anxious when they see pictures of dogs or hear a dog barking.
Kinophobes are afraid of absolutely all dogs and everything that reminds of them. It does not matter either the breed, or the age, or the size of the dog. Even a dog barking or recording with these animals causes panic in the kinophobe. At the same time, he is well aware that this animal cannot harm him, but still feels fear.
I will list the main reasons for the development of kinophobia.
- A traumatic case. This includes an attack by a dog or a pack that occurred during childhood. In adults, such situations rarely provoke the development of a phobia.
- Predisposition. Psychologists have found that if at least one parent suffers from a phobia, then children will be significantly predisposed to the occurrence of a similar anxiety disorder.
- Features of the nervous system. Phobias very quickly arise in people with an unstable emotional state, with a set of complexes and a sense of their own inferiority. Sometimes one unpleasant incident with a dog is enough for such people to develop pathological anxiety.
I advise you to watch a little. In which the guy talks about his fear. It will help you better understand how filmophobes feel.
I told you about the fear of dogs. For some, it develops into a real phobia, while others are simply afraid of these animals. To overcome fear, you have to work hard on yourself. And in some cases, you cannot do without the help of a psychotherapist.
The dog handler‘s tips suggested in the article will help to avoid serious consequences from meeting with a pack of stray dogs. I hope you don’t have to use them. The most important tip is to ignore the dog! Then she’ll ignore you too.
Have you ever encountered stray dogs? How did it end? Write your stories in the comments!
Self-medication should take place in a calm environment. Have an internal dialogue with you, sort out your reasons and your motivation for treating dogs badly. You can also try to establish contact with animals. To do this, find a friend who has a very small puppy, and learn to get along with him with the help of the owner. This experience reduces the stress of subsequent interaction with dogs regardless of age.
How to tell if you have serious problems, not just fear?
Sometimes the serious negative feeling of having a dog next to you is confused with motivated fear. For example, you do not need to ascribe to yourself kinophobia if you are unpleasant from the fact that a large dog without a muzzle is viciously barking at you. In this case, it is enough to leave the danger zone and read the dog handlers’ advice on how not to be afraid of dogs on the street. But the objective symptoms of the disease are as follows:
- Increased sweating in the presence of an animal;
- Tremors in the body, tremors of the limbs or seizures of varying severity;
- Muscle spasms and inability to move;
- Arrhythmia, tachycardia or any other abnormalities in the work of the myocardium;
- A feeling of tightness in the chest, inability to breathe air;
- Nausea and vomiting;
- Dizziness and disorientation in space.
No less important symptoms of kinophobia are associated with mental activity. A person suffering from this phobia falls into a stupor, feels a complete loss of control over the situation. He has an irrational fear of death, a constant sense of impending danger. Emotional swings intensify. The patient often begins to cry or even think about suicide. If thoughts about interrupting life, nevertheless, pass by, the person becomes irritable: all due to the spontaneous jump in cortisol that occurs at the sight of a dog.
With a particularly severe form of the disease, a person may experience panic attacks, and paranoia develops. over, this happens not only in the presence of an animal, but even when viewing or photographing a dog. A neglected form of kinophobia provokes depression, disorders that prevent you from leaving your comfort zone and even home.
How to stop being afraid of dogs?
Modern medicine offers three areas of therapy: self-treatment, work with a psychologist and the use of special medicines. Ideally, you should use all three approaches. This will provide a quick and noticeable result, regardless of how long the phobia has been following you.
How to learn to understand a dog’s mood by its behavior?
Dog handlers’ advice on how to stop being afraid of dogs always involves learning about their behavior. Understanding the non-verbal signals of the animal allows you to prevent aggression, retreat in time, or, conversely, take a dominant position, which perfectly protects against the aggression of a domestic or wild dog. The basic rules for safe interaction with animals are as follows:
- If the dog wags its tail, sticks out its tongue slightly, turns its head fearlessly, it is in a friendly mood.
- Confidence is evidenced by a high chin and a straight neck.
- Ears up and hair on end signals distrust.
- Nose licking and raised hair on the nape of the neck indicates stress.
- A lowered head indicates that the dog is ready to accept the leadership of another animal or person.
- Barking, yawning, a tucked tail between the legs and tucked ears are signs of fear.
Helpful tips to help you manage your dog phobia
Many people at different stages of life think: “How to stop being afraid of dogs?” Helpful advice from dog handlers explaining how dogs react to human behavior and advice from psychologists can dull fear of these animals. In general, you need to fight the fear of dogs as early as possible. It makes life difficult in both cities and countryside.
After all, no matter how much a person wants, he encounters four-legged animals every day. over, among them there are both socialized domestic dogs, rarely showing aggression or increased interest in a person, and stray dogs. Domestic and wild dogs have different behaviors, but the basic tips on how to deal with fear of them are the same. It remains to figure out how to apply them in practice.
How to behave when meeting a dog?
When meeting a dog, you should avoid sudden movements, do not fuss and speak in a calm tone. This will show the animal that you are not aggressive towards it. Usually this is enough for the dog itself to calm down, stop fussing and growling. It should be noted that with true kinophobia without treatment or work with a psychologist, it is almost impossible to achieve calmness.
So, if mastering canine psychology is hard, and the panic fear of “human friends” does not go away, you can arm yourself. For example, you can purchase a pepper spray or a low-power electric shocker. Then you can definitely stop the attack of the animal and leave in time. However, it is better to familiarize yourself with the rules for communicating with an unfriendly dog in advance.
- If you are attacked by a pack, quickly identify a leader. Defend and drive him. If the leader retreats, the rest of the aggressors will follow.
- Do not look the animal in the eye. In the understanding of the dog, this is a sign of aggression or an encroachment on its position in the hierarchy. It is better to lower your gaze and keep your hands flat, which will also show your peaceful attitude.
- Don’t smile at an unfamiliar dog, no matter how cute it is. The dog can perceive the slightest display of teeth as a grin, so he will probably start to defend himself.
- Never turn your back on an aggressive dog or make unnecessary movements. If you have a stick or stone in your hand, do not throw it right away, but hold it so the dog can see the potential threat.
What to do if your child is afraid of dogs?
Overcoming fear of dogs in childhood is easier than in adults. To overcome kinophobia in a child, you can even get him a pet. But it is important that he appears in the house from a very early age. This will give the baby the understanding that he is in control of the situation. Classes with child psychologists, observing dogs while walking, watching cartoons and films about these animals also help in the fight against the disease. The most important success factor is the correct behavior of the parents. They must:
- Do not scold the child for the emotions experienced;
- Don’t make fun of him because of a phobia;
- Show empathy, support;
- Talk calmly about the causes and consequences of fear;
- Do not force you to get acquainted with dogs.
What is the name of the fear of dogs in humans, and for what reasons can this phobia be?
Fear of dogs is a phobia that is called kinophobia in official medical language. In ICD-10, that is, in the international classification system for diseases, it is listed as F40.2. Psychologists and psychotherapists are working on the correction of the psychological state of a person who suffers from kinophobia. In exceptional situations, psychiatric methods are involved in therapy. Among the reasons for the development of a phobia in front of dogs:
- Experienced animal attack. It is quite difficult to stop being afraid of dogs after an attack, especially if the incident occurred when the person was not very old. To cope with the consequences of an attack without any problems, you need to see a psychotherapist or psychologist as soon as possible.
- Minor injuries or negative impressions of contact with a dog at an early age. Yes, even the smallest scratch left by an animal while playing with a child can affect his fears in the future. Because of this, they try to keep dogs away from small children before they become conscious enough to play together.
- Heredity. Research by psychologists has found that in the case when parents have a fear of dogs, children are more likely to acquire the same during their life. By the way, in people with poor heredity, anxiety provoked by kinophobia develops faster.
- Instability of the central nervous system. People with mental disorders, depression, or other mental health problems develop phobias more often. And kinophobia is no exception. Anxious people may have enough of one unpleasant scene with the participation of a dog to start being afraid of all members of the species.
Working with a psychologist
The psychologist is essentially doing the same as talking to oneself internally. It allows you to analyze the reasons why you are afraid of dogs. After analyzing the problem, the specialist will teach you to look at animals differently and not regard their presence nearby as a threat.
The final stage of cognitive therapy is to shorten the distance between the patient and the dog. First, a person looks at media content about dogs. And then he learns to contact them. They start either with communication with puppies, or with walks with therapy dogs like retrievers. First, there should be an owner next to the treating person, but when contact between a person and an animal is established, one can proceed to single walks. It takes about two months to finally defeat a phobia.