The right toothbrush
For the procedure with large dogs, it is recommended to take a product with a long handle, for small breeds. you can take a short and small one. The bristles should not be hard, but for older dogs it is generally better to choose soft.
Choice of composition
Special toothpastes are produced for dogs, it is unacceptable to use products intended for humans. they contain harmful substances for the animal.
However, before choosing, it is recommended to consult with your veterinarian to find the most suitable remedy. It is worth remembering that animals do not rinse their mouth after brushing.
Toothpastes for cleaning with a brush
Toothpastes are very similar to those used by people. they come in similar tubes and are also applied to the brush. They do not have a pungent taste and smell, do not foam when applied, therefore they do not cause unpleasant sensations in the pet. At the same time, you can find pastas with the taste of turkey, bacon and other similar.
What are the benefits of daily oral hygiene in dogs?
Animals are not able to independently monitor the oral cavity. After some time, plaque accumulates, as a result, harmful microbes begin to gradually destroy the teeth.
Loss of teeth for a dog is a big problem, it cannot eat normally, there are problems in the functioning of the digestive tract. The animal’s body ages faster as a result.
Dogs may develop such diseases as caries, periodontal disease, tartar, stomatitis and other pathologies of the oral cavity.
How to choose
Before buying, it is recommended to study several different options, get acquainted with the composition and manufacturer. In addition, you need to pay attention to the following points:
- shelf life,
- whether the packaging is broken,
- how tight the tube closes,
- the presence of natural ingredients,
- used flavors.
Before use, it is recommended to study the paste itself. it should be white, not contain any impurities, should not foam.
How often should a dog brush his teeth?
Basically, all dog toothpastes have safe substances in their composition, so they can be used daily if desired. If you can’t brush your teeth every day, then the procedure can be carried out every two days.
Why toothpaste is so necessary
The toothpaste contains special substances that help to better clean the enamel from plaque. If you do not follow the rules of hygiene, then gradually accumulating, plaque will begin to transform into stones. Toothpaste for dogs saves from tartar, which gradually leads to the development of dental pathologies in the mouth.
In addition, pastes for dogs and puppies are excellent breath fresheners and help to get rid of harmful bacteria, which allows you to keep your dog’s mouth in good condition. Regular brushing results in good pet health.
A finger toothbrush is a great tool for brushing a small animal’s teeth. Such products are made of silicone, they have small bristles.
It is convenient to put the brush on your finger and gently run the product over your pet’s teeth. As a rule, the dog is not so frightened of small objects, therefore such brushes are quite popular.
Watch a very interesting video in which they will clearly show you how to properly brush your dog’s teeth. Ignore the lack of a splash screen. Click on “Play” and watch.
A lot of varieties of these important tools are produced, taking into account the differences in size, structure of the jaws of different breeds of dogs. Brushes are: long, short, with a large and small surface covered with bristles, double-sided and one-sided.
They also release brushes that are worn on the owner’s finger. Various bristle stiffness can be selected. Manufacturers offer cleaning, massage, mixed brushes.
For older dogs with an elongated muzzle, brushes with a long handle or one that fit on the finger are better. For small dogs, it will be more convenient to use small brushes with short handles, the same brushes are used for cleaning cats’ teeth. If you use those that are put on your finger, then you should choose with short bristles and a small work surface. depend on the type of tool and manufacturer: from 40 to 550 rubles. Also, brushes are sold in specialized kits.
Liquid Toothpaste for Dogs
How often should you clean
Modern means are absolutely safe for the dog’s body, which means that you can perform the procedure of brushing your teeth every day. It is not scary if you miss a day for any reason, once every two days is also quite a normal schedule. Of course, this is if your pet’s teeth are absolutely healthy.
Care after tooth extraction
Separately, consider the situation when the pet loses a tooth. If this is due to the age-related change of teeth (from milk to permanent), then during this period it is important not to overextend the pet’s oral apparatus and not to overdo it with cleaning. If a permanent tooth had to be removed in a clinical setting for a number of reasons, careful postoperative care of the dog is very important so that the recovery is as fast and painless as possible.
During this period, it is better not to disturb the pet once again. The dog is not fed for the first 3. 4 hours after the tooth extraction, after the time has elapsed, you can give tender cereals or broths so that the dog does not have to chew a lot. Eliminate hard treats, toys should be removed.
The recovery process takes about a week, but it can be delayed for a longer time. It all depends on the reason for which it was shown to remove the tooth, on the placement of the tooth in the oral cavity, on the health of the dog, the professionalism of the veterinarian and the conditions of detention.
The first day you need to provide the dog with peace, during this period a clot is formed that closes the hole from the extracted tooth and ensures further wound healing. In the following days, the dog is fed with easy-to-chew food and physical activity is reduced.
The instructions of the treating veterinarian must be followed closely. It is often prescribed to rinse the mouth with various medications a certain number of times a day. Do not neglect such advice, and the pet will quickly recover from the loss of a tooth.
The teeth are not cleaned during the recovery period so as not to damage the wound. If an implant is installed, then after healing, the artificial tooth is looked after in the same way as the rest of the teeth.
The age of the dog directly affects the condition of the teeth, so it is important to take into account the age group of the pet and, based on this, apply the necessary cleaning techniques.
For puppies up to six months, it is enough to wipe the dentition with a damp gauze swab or a small soft toothbrush. Pastes and other abrasives should not be used.
With special care, the procedure is carried out during the period of changing teeth (from about 2. 3 months to 6. 12 months, depending on the breed and conditions of detention). Only when all milk teeth are replaced by permanent ones can you start using cleaning products and brushes with stiffer bristles.
Young adult dogs are brushed more often than puppies. every day or, if it doesn’t work, then every two to three days, at least. It is important to consider the pet’s health and veterinarian readings, if any.
Elderly dogs are given special attention. Teeth gradually wear out and become fragile and damaged with age, sensitivity increases. Therefore, the brushes are chosen softer, while cleaning they try not to touch the gums. If there are chips and cracks on the teeth, it is worth treating such places with extreme caution so as not to aggravate the situation. The number of cleanings can be reduced to 2. 3 times a week. Regardless of the age and upbringing of the pet, it is important not to forget to support and praise him.
What tools are used at home
How to brush your dog’s teeth at home and what tools, besides a toothbrush and toothpaste, are needed for this
Hygienic procedures for caring for the oral cavity and, above all, brushing a dog’s teeth are quite simple, but at the same time effective. Pets often have problems with their teeth and mucous membranes without regularly keeping their mouths clean. Often they are joined by diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (gastrointestinal tract), metabolic disorders.
An attentive owner must have the necessary tools and hygiene products, as well as have skills in brushing teeth. Dogs of different breeds, from the Toy Terrier to the Caucasian Shepherd Dog, differ in the structure of the jaws, but the principles of caring for the oral cavity are similar for everyone. It is only important to take into account the age of the pet and its state of health.
Producers of premium and super premium dog food also produce food for the care of pet teeth. The special shape of crickets, density and composition with daily feeding mechanically affects the tooth enamel and removes plaque, preventing the formation of tartar.
The package indicates the required volume based on the weight of the dog. Manufacturers indicate different prices: from 300 rubles. up to 1200 p. per kilogram of feed.
Any bowl is suitable for feed, even the most budgetary option. a plastic one.
Special toys for dogs that clean teeth from plaque
How and how often to carry out the procedure at home
Wondering how to brush your dog’s teeth at home and how often should you do it? Let’s take a closer look at this issue.
Does a dog have to brush their teeth?
Many owners ask themselves the question. is it necessary to brush the dog’s teeth at home, why is it necessary, and what will happen if you do not do this? Veterinarians answer “yes” to this question. Teeth cleaning is necessary both as a hygienic procedure and as a preventive measure against serious diseases of the teeth, gums and disorders of the gastrointestinal tract and the body as a whole.
At first glance, harmless plaque hardens without regular cleaning, turning into tartar. The latter, in turn, grows, damaging the gums and causing bleeding of the soft tissues of the mouth, promotes the growth of bacteria and pathogenic flora, which in turn harms the dog’s digestive system. As a result, the pet loses its teeth and has a lot of health problems.
How to properly brush your dog’s teeth at home
If you decide that your pet is completely ready for a full-fledged procedure and have chosen what to do, then you can proceed. And here, in fact, is the instruction on how to brush your dog’s teeth:
- Prepare the necessary funds in advance (paste, brush, bandage, delicacy);
- It is good if the dog is moderately tired (after a walk or active game) and well-fed, so that it does not really want to resist;
- Choose a place where it will be convenient for you to do this (you can lay a table or other elevation) with good lighting;
- Sit down the dog, talk to him calmly and affectionately for a couple of minutes, examine the mouth for damage or inflammation. If everything is fine, let me smell or lick the paste;
- Take a brush in your right hand or wrap a bandage around your finger (depending on which method you have chosen), pull your cheeks upward with your left hand, exposing the dentition;
- Begin brushing your teeth from top to bottom, from the gum to the crown of the tooth, not applying too much pressure to the brush, so as not to damage the soft tissue. Movements must be quick and precise. Pay special attention to the base of the teeth (the most “dirty” and vulnerable spot).
- Clean the back teeth and canines well. Perhaps, the first time the dog will not sit out the whole procedure. It’s not scary, you can continue the next day. Gradually, you will fill your hand, the pet will get used to it, and cleaning will take only a few minutes.
- If the dog has calmly endured all the manipulations. finally, you can give it a short massage of the gums: brush the gums with your fingers or a silicone brush with soft circular movements. Be sure to offer your pet a treat after cleaning and praise him.
It is important to remember that the inner side of the teeth is less prone to plaque formation (due to constant contact with the tongue, which “polishes” the teeth and removes plaque), but also needs preventive cleaning, at least once a week. Offer your dog special toys to help keep his teeth clean and hygienic.
How often to brush your dog’s teeth
Brushing your teeth is ideally necessary every day. But, given the high pace of modern life and the constant lack of time, veterinary dentists say that it is necessary to carry out the procedure at least 2 times a week. With regular proper care, you will be able to maintain healthy teeth of your dog for many years, minimizing clinic visits and financial costs of treatment.
Decorative (small and dwarf) dog breeds are genetically predisposed to dental problems and need more careful and regular grooming than other dogs.
How to train your dog to brush its teeth
It is necessary to start accustoming your dog to examining and brushing teeth from a very early age. This should be done unobtrusively, without effort and aggression. First, teach your toddler to simply show teeth on command. While playing, lightly take the puppy by the lower jaw with one hand, slightly lift the cheeks with the other and command “Teeth”. Hold it for a couple of seconds in this position, then be sure to encourage it with some delicacy.
Later, when the baby will calmly endure this during the game, you need to teach him to follow the command at any time. Try it like this:
- Sit on a low chair or stool and place the puppy between your knees, calm him down, treat him with something.
- Take the lower jaw with your left hand, raise the “flews” with your right hand and calmly but strictly say the command.
- If the puppy is calm and does not break out. examine the teeth and give him a treat. If he gets nervous and breaks out. do not hold it by force. Let go and try again later the same.
Until one year old, the puppy’s teeth do not need special care and cleaning. When the dog reaches 12 months of age, begin to accustom him directly to the procedure. The dog already knows the command “Teeth”, is accustomed to inspection and should not be afraid of your manipulations. Brush your teeth for the first time without special products. The bandage with which you will carry out the procedure can be moistened in the broth or pre-soaked in an attractive smell for the dog. And only when the dog will calmly endure cleaning, you can start, if necessary, use paste and special brushes.
How to properly brush your dog’s teeth at home and how often you need to do it
Did you know that dogs, just like humans, suffer from oral diseases and can have dental problems? Caries, periodontitis and periodontal disease, gingivitis, stomatitis and other diseases bring real torment to pets and their owners. What to do to avoid serious illnesses and their consequences? You just need to learn how to brush your dog’s teeth at home and how often to carry out this procedure.
Veterinary dentists recommend professional cleaning at least once every six months. The rest of the time you can brush your teeth yourself, at home. With the right approach, the procedure will not cause any special problems, but will bear fruit in the form of strong, healthy teeth of your pet.
How to brush your dog’s teeth
Toothbrushes for dogs are presented in many configurations, from which you will definitely choose the most convenient one that can simplify the procedure. They have straight handles or bent at a certain angle, there are “thimbles”. put on a finger, silicone or plastic.
You can also use a regular toothbrush, which you use yourself, the main thing is to choose the right bristle stiffness. But human paste is not suitable for dogs. Firstly, its composition is not intended for animals and it can seriously harm the health of the pet, because it is impossible to explain to the dog that it is impossible to swallow toothpaste. Secondly, she is unlikely to be delighted with the sharp mint or menthol smell, bitter or pungent eucalyptus taste, and will definitely not appreciate the promised freshness of breath. The procedure, most likely, will end before it starts.
If there is no paste at hand, but you need to brush your teeth, try using improvised means that are safe for the dog: a mixture of lemon juice, chalk powder and a small amount of soda. Alternatively, you can crush an activated charcoal tablet, dip a brush into it and brush your pet’s teeth.
Veterinarians recommend brushing your teeth with a regular bandage, wrapped around the index finger, soaked in chlorhexidine solution (antiseptic solution, prophylactic agent for tooth decay, stomatitis and gum inflammation) or 1% hydrogen peroxide solution.
It is important to properly teach your pet to brush your teeth so that this procedure does not cause him a negative.
You should be careful and use alternative methods of caring for your dog’s oral cavity if necessary, such as while playing.
How to brush your dog’s teeth at home
To maintain your dog’s oral hygiene, you can go to veterinary clinics or grooming salons. But if the dog is accustomed to brushing his teeth, then it is not so difficult to carry out it on his own. The dog will be calmer at home, and the owner will be more comfortable brushing his teeth immediately after eating.
Considering that it is advisable to carry out the procedure every day or every other day, trips with such frequency to the clinic or salon can become an overhead.
What you can’t brush your dog’s teeth with
It is undesirable to use a human toothbrush: it has bristles that are hard for the gums of an animal, and the size is not suitable for every dog.
Our regular toothpastes are also not suitable for dogs. And it’s not just a pungent taste and strong smell. Ordinary pastes contain a large amount of fluoride, which, if swallowed by animals, causes metabolic disorders and even poisoning of the body.
But fluoride-free baby pastes also cannot be used. All human pastes contain a sweetener that can cause cramps and heart problems in dogs.
Toothbrushes and powders for babies
If it is not possible to purchase a special toothbrush, then you can use toothbrushes designed for children from 6 months old. Their bristles are soft, and there is also a model in the form of a fingertip.
Dog Care Tips : How Often Should You Brush Your Dog’s Teeth?
It’s better to use a special toothbrush.
As a replacement for toothpaste, you can use tooth powder for the smallest children. Carefully study the composition of the powder: it should be free of aromas and flavors, as well as fluoride. When applied, such a powder should not foam. But often it should not be abused either.
Other veterinary oral hygiene products
An alternative to brushing and toothbrushing is to use veterinary gels, lotions and sprays for oral hygiene.
They are applied after meals to the teeth and gums; there is no need to use a toothbrush.
Api-San Toothbrush Gel
Some gels contain the drug metronidazole, which fights microbes on the teeth, relieves inflammation of the gums. Gel with this drug is effective for bleeding, redness, hypersensitivity of the gums and oral mucosa.
Like gels, lotions are applied directly to the teeth after a meal, and dog dental sprays are sprayed into the open mouth.
Teeth cleaning liquids and tablets
These are special supplements that are given to the animal with food. And the drug in the form of a tablet is glued to the gums after eating.
Using only these products, it will not be possible to achieve 100% success in the fight against plaque and calculus, as well as stale breath. Unfortunately, all these remedies only mask bad breath, they are not able to prevent caries for sure, since they do not fight the cause. with food debris on the teeth.
Gels, lotions or treats can be used if the dog categorically refuses to brush his teeth and such hygiene is the only solution to the problem of dental care.
If you cannot use a dog’s toothbrush, you can use a gauze swab wrapped around your finger. For permanent use, this option is not suitable, the bandage will not be able to remove small particles of food between the teeth or get to hard-to-reach places, and this method is not always safe. But for emergencies, if there is no toothbrush at hand, the method can be considered suitable.
Laser teeth cleaning
This type of cleaning is just entering the veterinary services market. Finding a laser dentist can be difficult and costly compared to ultrasound.
The same dog after removal of tartar with ultrasound.
The advantage of this method is less trauma: a special nozzle with a laser softer destroys the tartar lying near the gums. But this is possible only in the case of a small damage to the teeth with a stone. Large conglomerates in any case are first destroyed mechanically or with the help of ultrasound. After the destruction of the stone, its remains are also removed using a jet of water.
Mechanical removal of dental calculus
Mechanical removal of tartar is carried out with dental instruments; tartar is simply cleaned off with a dental “spatula”.
Since tartar begins to form near the gums, this type of cleaning inevitably leads to trauma to the gums themselves.
Tartar in a dog.
The procedure itself is outdated and harmful to the teeth, because the protective enamel of the tooth is inevitably damaged. You should resort to it if there are contraindications to removing tartar using modern methods.
How to train your dog to brush its teeth
As crazy as it sounds, the dog also needs to brush its teeth. If this is not done, then depending on the genetic code (some have better teeth, some have worse), nutrition, general condition of the body and other factors, they can deteriorate. Dogs in their natural habitat brush their teeth by biting off the tip of a bone or tough tendons and gnawing on hard objects. At home, we often deprive our pets of the possibility of such cleaning.
In many cases, if you do not cleanse your teeth, caries, plaque, stones, an unpleasant odor from the mouth develop, periodontal disease, purulent inflammation of the gums develop, teeth hurt, and as a result, the dog cannot eat. It is important to monitor the condition of the teeth of a four-legged friend and, at least once a week, do preventive cleaning. There are different options for cleaning teeth: toothbrushes and pastes, lotions, sprays, gels. Of course, the first option is best.
It is necessary to mentally prepare for the fact that the dog does not always allow it to brush its teeth the first time and in the future it will be happy to do it. Someone will need two or three days, and someone else 2-3 weeks to get their pet used to brushing their teeth. Therefore, the main thing here is patience. If the dog begins to resist, then you are in a great hurry, and he will no longer want to let you in.
To prevent the dog from running away, this should be a pleasant procedure that the animal will look forward to. In addition, it should be regular and routine, because what is not done routinely and irregularly does not addictive and does not bring satisfaction.
What you need to clean?
First of all, this is a specially for dogs, with a pleasant taste, such as salmon. The use of pastes intended for humans is not recommended. Their composition is not suitable for canine needs. From such hygiene products, the animal can be very intoxicated, in addition, many human pastes have an intense smell of mint or other odors that are unpleasant for a dog’s nose.
How to brush your dog’s teeth?
First, we grab a toothbrush and goodies. We touch the cheek, knead the lip and give a treat. Then again we touch the mouth, raise our lip, three on the gums and teeth, praise and give the delicacy again. You should not use the paste on the first day, you need the dog to get used to touching its mouth first. If the pet starts to get scared, moves away, pinches, lowers its ears. it is better to take a break and try next time.
After 1-2 days, you can begin to accustom the animal to toothpaste. We apply it not to the brush, but to the finger and suggest the dog to lick it off the finger. These toothpastes are completely safe to swallow. If the dog is calm, then you can start to run your finger with toothpaste over the teeth and gums so that the dog gets used to it. At the end of the procedure, we treat her with what she loves. several delicious sweets, food, canned food. The main thing is to encourage, so the pet will remember better.
Next, we introduce her to a toothbrush, on which we apply paste for dogs, and just give her a sniff so that she licks it off. Such pastes are safe, you can safely swallow them. The main thing is to first try to brush the front upper teeth, so the dog will be calmer, it will become better at brushing its teeth and will get used to it easier. Raise your lip with one hand, and make light circular movements with the other. Then proceed to the lower teeth and molars. Problems can arise in this part, so it is advisable to take your time, brush gently, smoothly and use as many treats as possible. Move to the lower jaw last and gradually, as it may take a little more time to get used to it.
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Why brush your dog’s teeth
An unkempt mouth, inflamed gums can cause blood poisoning in an animal, which, in turn, will negatively affect the condition of the liver and kidneys, heart and brain. Uncleaned teeth pose a risk of periodontal disease, which is the main reason for pets to lose incisors today.
After all, a dog whose jaws do not know what paste and a brush are (however, like a person in a similar situation) often have an unpleasant smell from the mouth.
Regular cleaning will get rid of not only odors, but also yellowness and even plaque and tartar. The cause of the yellowing of the canines and the formation of stones is improper diet. Due to the lack of useful microelements in puppyhood, tooth enamel changes and acquires a more porous structure.
Dry food, which makes the animal’s saliva thicker and more viscous, slows down the breakdown of food, which leads to the appearance of plaque and stones.
Brief theoretical educational program
A dog’s mouth is a complex system of upper and lower jaws, which, in turn, are made up of:
- incisors (located in the upper / lower part on both sides of the jaw);
- large canine;
- premolar teeth (small molars);
- molars (large molars).
In total, your pet has 42 pieces of permanent sharp little pearls in its mouth. Puppies are born with an “empty mouth”, but literally in a month they gradually develop milk teeth (about 28 pieces). After two months, the milk teeth are changed to permanent ones. A seven-month-old puppy, as a rule, already has all the incisors and cliques permanent.
Regardless of whether your pet has milk or permanent incisors, oral hygiene should be observed at all times. There are two proven ways to keep the mouth clean and the canines healthy in an animal.
Cleanliness of dog’s teeth. conditions for health and longevity
You can keep your pet’s mouth clean by giving it bones and doing hygiene. Ideally, both methods should be used, as the bones not only cleanse the mouth cavity, but also strengthen the enamel. Well, it’s not even worth talking about the benefits of toothpaste and a brush.
How to brush your dog’s teeth considering all anatomical and behavioral factors? It’s actually not that hard, provided that:
- cleaning is carried out regularly;
- the dog has been accustomed to brushing and pasta since childhood.
By the way, the pasta should be special. After all, dog handlers strongly DO NOT recommend sharing their pasta with a four-legged friend. In addition to brushing and brushing bones, mouth hygiene should be maintained with special items that are easy to chew. This is especially important when the puppy’s teeth change from milk to permanent.
How often should I brush my dog’s teeth?
How to brush your dog’s teeth
Healthy teeth are a condition for longevity and health not only of a person, but also of his four-legged friends. dogs. We know a lot about oral hygiene. But we often find it difficult to answer how to brush a dog’s teeth. After all, for dogs there are their hygiene rules, which are different from human ones.
By the way, canine fangs can tell a lot not only about the health of a pet, but also about its habits, diet and even age. Determining the age of a dog by the teeth is very simple, the main thing is to master the basics of the theory of the structure of the jaw of an animal.
By the way, about the brushes
The human brush is also not suitable for cleaning canine canine teeth. Since it is too big and will not even fit in the mouth of a large breed. The dog brush is in the shape of a triangle. If your pet cannot get used to the brush in any way, you can use special nozzles-caps on the finger. These attachments are easy to use and less discomfort for your pet. Most often they are made of soft silicone and stiff bristles. Disposable wipes-caps will simplify the procedure not only for the pet, but also for the owner.
Another good option for brushing your teeth will be special toothbrushes. They are made of hard rubber and have a hole for toothpaste inside. Many owners like these brushes, as brushing a dog’s teeth with their help will be the most enjoyable procedure for a pet. Playing with such a brush, the pet brushes its teeth almost independently. You can also purchase special toys to help keep your dog’s mouth hygienic. For example, rubber balls with holes, thanks to which the dog’s teeth are delicately cleaned during play.
How to brush your dog’s teeth: the main rules
While certain methods are often used in dog training (depending on the breed, disposition and temperament), then there are no universal recipes for teaching hygienic procedures. First of all, you need to be patient. Because, unlike a child, it is quite difficult for a puppy to explain the benefits of brushing his canine teeth. The sooner you start accustoming the animal to such manipulations, the more chances of achieving success in a short time.
They teach the animal to hygiene gradually, team by team. Dog handlers recommend training the animal to regularly examine the mouth cavity and to show the teeth. As a trick, you can wrap a bandage dipped in chicken broth around your finger. That is, the procedure for examining the mouth will initially be associated with something tasty in the dog.
After the animal gets used to the examination, you can start cleaning the front canines. During the procedure, the animal should be talked to, praised for good behavior and encouraged. The final step in hygiene training will be cleaning the incisors and canines with a brush and paste.
And a few more rules for brushing a dog’s teeth
As for the regularity of the procedure, it is advisable to carry it out daily, but, as a rule, dog breeders limit themselves to cleaning 1-2 times a month, especially when it comes to large breeds of dogs.
What if there is no special paste on hand? Replacing the paste and brush is very easy. Often a finger wrapped in a bandage soaked in a saline (not very concentrated!) Solution will perfectly cope with the task of destroying bacteria and plaque.
If the teeth are neglected and covered with stone, it is better to use the services of a veterinarian at the clinic. Modern ultrasonic cleaning techniques make it possible to correct the situation in the most painless way for the animal.
Do not forget about such preventive goodies as chewing toys and strings, which not only clean the plaque from the canines and train the gums, but also give the dog’s breath freshness.
They say that the coat indicates the health of the dog, and the fangs. its age. It is in your power to make it difficult to determine the age of the dog by the teeth, even for a veterinarian. Especially today, when there are so many tools and devices to maintain the cleanliness and health of the mouth cavity.