What can not be fed?
The list of foods prohibited for puppies is the same as for adults. Dogs should not be given sweets and starchy foods, smoked meats, lamb with pork, as well as legumes. Dishes must be prepared without the use of spices, and the long bones of birds should also be avoided.
In addition, puppies should not be fed from their table, as their gastrointestinal tract will simply not be able to digest human food.
Problems can range from common indigestion to death. Particularly dangerous are the remains of sausages or sausages, as well as bony river fish.
How and what to feed puppies at the age of 1 month?
When buying a small puppy, the first step is to learn the rules for feeding it. If you find out from the very beginning what and how to feed your pet, then in the future it will be possible to ensure the harmonious development of the animal.
First feeding rules
The first complementary feeding is carried out in the third or fourth week of a puppy’s life in the case when he is with the mother and has the opportunity to regularly receive her milk. In the case when there are more than 8 individuals in the litter, or the puppy is fed artificially from bottles, then complementary foods will have to be introduced from 7 to 10 days of the puppy’s life, when he recovers. It is customary to give sheep or goat milk as the first food, to which a fresh egg is added. The liquid first warms up a little, and the egg mixes well. It is important that this product is free of harmful bacteria.
First, it is better to offer milk to the pet in a container with a nipple, and when he gets acquainted with the new food, pour it into a saucer.
So the puppies will gradually begin to master the skill of lapping. Naturally, all this will not happen too neatly, therefore, after completing the feeding, the animal’s muzzle should be wiped off. As soon as the dog has mastered the lacquering of egg milk, you can move on to liquid porridge, also boiled in milk. Experts recommend starting with oatmeal or ground oatmeal. One or two eggs are added to a pan of porridge, boiled for the whole droppings.
At the same stage, it is also recommended to add cottage cheese to the diet of dogs, because the calcined product is intended for the prevention of rickets. For puppies, it is prepared as follows: a liter of milk is brought to a boil, after which about 4 tablespoons of calcium chloride are added to it.
After mixing the substance, it is necessary to discard the cottage cheese, knead it and mix it with whey to form a liquid gruel. The remaining serum can be offered to the lactating female.
From the 14th day, minced meat is added to the puppies’ diet. The product must be fresh, frozen and then thawed. For small dogs, veal, turkey or rabbit are suitable, that is, a delicate and low-fat product. Minced meat is offered only after the puppies have drunk their mother’s milk or from a bottle.
What can you give?
Monthly puppies must be fed only with fresh food, since even a small deviation from the expiration date threatens to poison the pet. The main component of the diet, of course, is meat. This product should make up almost 40% of all food eaten by the puppy. As a rule, the amount required is determined by a simple rule: there should be 30 grams of meat products per kilogram of animal weight. A puppy who has grown up to the age of one month is allowed to offer raw, boiled or simply scalded product.
If the dog belongs to a large breed and in the future it will become a guard, then it is better to give it raw meat immediately. Skinless chicken is perfect for pets. In addition, the diet should include veal, turkey and beef, as well as offal, such as hearts or liver.
For greater convenience, all meat products are cut into small pieces. Fish should be added to the puppy’s diet, but in moderation. only a couple of times a month.
It is better to choose white meat that contains a small amount of seeds. River fish for babies is not recommended precisely because of the increased bone content. Boiling the product is optional, but recommended to avoid helminth infestation. In those meals, when the puppy is given fish, there is no need to cook the meat.
Milk is required for dogs during the first 4-6 months of life. Both cow’s and goat’s milk will work, but the latter is considered more suitable as it does not cause allergies. It is better to dilute cow’s milk with drinking water to avoid diarrhea. Milk is removed from the diet when the puppy is 6 months old, but this is done gradually so as not to stress the animal. In addition to milk, you cannot do without fermented milk products, which are the main source of calcium and contribute to proper digestion.
Products such as cottage cheese, kefir and low-fat sour cream are suitable. During training, it is not forbidden to give the dog a piece of cheese as a treat.
Cereals are just as important as other foods in a dog’s diet, but they are still in third place after meat and dairy products. For feeding the pets, rice, oatmeal, buckwheat and semolina porridge cooked in milk are selected. However, when offering a baby such a dish, it is important to watch out if it will cause an upset stomach. If trouble happens, then this cereal should be removed from the diet for 10 days.
Vegetables provide your dog with essential vitamins. Typically, carrots, beets, squash and pumpkin are used. They are added to the diet in small quantities and must be stewed. In rare cases, the animal is offered eggs. either raw or boiled. You can also enrich your meals with a little greens. Fruits, dried fruits and berries are used as animal treats. In principle, dry food is not prohibited for puppies one month old, but not all experts approve of it.
The product must be of high quality and contain all the necessary vitamins and minerals.
A one month old puppy eats 6 times a day. Alternatively, as the first meal, you can offer him cottage cheese mixed with kefir, and then feed him twice with rice porridge with meat and grated vegetables. This is followed by cottage cheese again, and then the same porridge with meat and vegetables, but already buckwheat. As a final dish, rice or buckwheat porridge with meat, but without vegetables, or just meat is suitable.
Another option for the daily diet begins with milk porridge or cottage cheese with sour cream, offered at 7:30. Then at 10:30 the puppy receives a mixture of porridge, cut into small pieces of meat and boiled carrots. At 13:30 it is enough for him to drink milk, but at 16:30 repeat the meat porridge with vegetables. At 7:30 pm, the dog can be offered milk porridge with pieces of fruit or another dairy product, and end the day with pieces of raw meat at 10:30 pm.
Speaking about the diet of babies, one cannot fail to mention its enrichment with vitamins. The easiest to use is fish oil, which increases from 3 drops to a teaspoon per day.
Suitable as a vitamin supplement and seaweed, finely chopped and offered in the amount of a quarter teaspoon. The hosts also use brewer’s yeast, bone meal, calcium glucanate or calcium glycerophosphate. In addition, raw vegetables, chopped to a porridge state, or pitted sea fish can be a vitamin supplement.
Puppies 1 month old should be sure to eat at the same time in moderation to avoid stomach distension. Both excess food and starvation will have disastrous consequences. Food should be varied and rich in vitamins and other useful elements. It is necessary to organize for the dog and constant access to drinking water, especially if the basis of his diet is dry food.
The food itself should be neither cold nor hot, but rather at room temperature. If the animal refuses to eat, then the bowl should simply be removed before the next meal. The plate must be located at the level of the animal’s muzzle. If dry food is purchased, then you need to take only one that corresponds to the age of the animal.
Mixes are available in economy, premium and super-premium classes, but only the last two are recommended for use for small animals.
Quite often, dog owners make a gross mistake by combining natural and dry food. This is not allowed, you only need to choose one type of food. Dry food will never replace natural food, and even being chosen as the main food, it should be supplemented with mineral complexes. The amount of dry food is determined depending on the size of the animal and its age. How to determine the norm for your animal is indicated on the package.
For the dog, you will have to have two bowls. for water and for food. The kids will initially have to be taught their location, which should remain the same. The water will have to be changed once a day, and the food container will be rinsed and wiped after each meal. To understand if a puppy is getting enough food, you need to look at his behavior. In the case when the animal stays at the bowl for a long time, licks the container and collects crumbs, it is clearly malnourished, then the portion size should be slightly increased.
If food remains in the bowl on a regular basis, this indicates excessive portion sizes.
In addition, the appearance of the pet speaks of satisfying the dog’s food needs. When the food is chosen correctly, the dog pleases the owners with the look of shiny coat and healthy teeth, as well as cheerfulness. The absence of these conditions indicates a violation of the feeding process.
It is also worth mentioning that the breed of the animal has little effect on what foods and in what quantities they should receive. For puppies of large breeds, meals with increased m of protein are required. In addition, it is important to ensure that they do not overeat, which threatens the appearance of skeletal pathologies. Small breeds require regular vitamin supplementation to prevent the development of heart disease. Dachshunds need foods rich in fluoride and calcium to strengthen their spine.
How to feed your puppy, see below.
Third meal at 16.00
What to feed the puppy after dinner. we give him fish meatballs. For cooking, we need a meat grinder, we pass the fish together with the bones through it. Then wheat bran and boiled rice are added. To this, you can also add grated pumpkin or carrots, then roll them into balls and lower them in boiling water. Cooking time is about a couple of minutes. For cooking, you need sea fish. blue whiting, cod, pollock and the like.
Second feeding at 11.00
For lunch, we give him meat with vegetables. To do this, you need raw meat, take lean lamb or beef, cut into pieces and pour over boiling water. Next, we mix raw grated carrots with butter or a small amount of sour cream, they act as a catalyst: carotene, a fat-soluble vitamin contained in carrots, so sour cream or butter helps to assimilate it. Mix the resulting mixture with meat. breakfast is ready.
HOW TO FEED A SIX WEEKS OLD SHIH TZU PUPPIES
How to feed your puppy and the frequency of feeding
The first question you will have is how many times to feed the puppy? At the age of 1.5 to 3 months, it must be fed 5 times a day.
Consider feeding time and diet:
How many grams of food does a pet need?
During the puppy’s growth period, nutrition should be varied and underfeeding is better for him than overfeeding
Now let’s decide how much to give him food in grams, so as not to overfeed. At a growing age, a puppy needs about 40 grams. protein, per kilogram of its own weight.
It turns out that if your pet weighs 5 kilograms, then its diet should weigh about 200 grams. Meat or 300 gr. fish. To this you can add some cereals, fruits and vegetables. Mandatory natural yogurt or kefir and cottage cheese.
However, overfeeding is not good because your dog can get indigestion if it cannot digest all the food you gave it.
For her, underfeeding is better than overfeeding. In order to determine the correct feeding, it is enough to look at his stool. it should not have a pungent odor and brownish color, not solid and not liquid. The belly should not be swollen and look like a drum, and the coat should not be shiny. The skin is elastic and clean, with a small layer of fat underneath.
It happens that a puppy can refuse food without any reason, there is nothing criminal in this, you can skip one feeding. It is not necessary to give all types of food during the day, you can alternate. one day fish, another. chicken and the third. a meat diet.
First feeding at 7 am
For the morning diet, the puppy needs to prepare calcified cottage cheese from fresh milk, for this, take 0.5 liters of milk, add 10% calcium chloride to it in the amount of 1 tablespoon and 2 tablespoons of 5% composition. If you do not have it, then you can replace it with lactate or calcium gluconate by grinding it into powder, in the amount of 5 tablets. Next, pour the powder into hot milk. Then it is necessary to heat the milk and stir without bringing it to a boil. Thus, you get cottage cheese, which must be separated from the whey with a slotted spoon.
In the resulting curd mass, you can add 0.5 teaspoon of honey and about 3 times a week a quail egg, every day should not be (it is very rich in a large amount of trace elements). If you do not have time to make cottage cheese yourself, you can replace it with fresh, 9 percent, diluted with kefir until a soft consistency is obtained. We give the resulting mass to the puppy and detect for about 15 minutes, everything that is left unfinished must be put into the refrigerator, even if he has lost interest in food and has not finished eating it. there is no need to run after him.
As an introduction
During the active growth of the puppy, special attention should be paid to nutrition.
If you bought a puppy, then you will immediately have a question: how to feed the puppy, what and how many times.
We must say right away that in the first days it is necessary to feed the same food as the breeder. When selling, he must give you the appropriate instructions.
For a dog, it will be a stressful situation as a result of parting with matter and its newborn family, so you should not load it with a change in nutrition.
In the first months, the body grows rapidly and needs a lot of “building materials”, such as:
- And other trace elements.
How to feed a puppy between 1.5 and 3 months old
If you have a pet, then it is worth making sure that the puppy receives the right nutrition, especially at an early age. Indeed, it is at this moment that his skeleton and muscle mass are formed. Proper nutrition is the key to a dog’s health.
When designing a menu for a husky puppy, you need to take into account the dog’s need for proteins and fiber, which will allow the intestines to function properly. Amino acids, micro and macro elements, vitamins are important.
What to feed your 4 week old puppy?
How to feed your husky puppy, recommendations and recipes
Husky is one of the most ancient mounts. And although today they are turned on just for the company, their nature remains the same: the animal needs exercise, long walks and quality feeding. If the diet for the husky puppy is wrong, the adult animal will have serious health problems. That is why you need to know about the rules for feeding a puppy even before purchasing it.
Husky puppy food
Taking a puppy, you need to immediately accustom him to one of the types of food: ready-made food (dry or canned food) or natural products.
Mixed food is not suitable for feeding husky puppies.
Since we are talking about feeding specifically huskies, it is important to remember that the mixed type, which is often used for feeding animals, is categorically unsuitable for them. Such disturbances in the diet lead to gastrointestinal diseases and have a negative impact on the development of the husky. We recommend that you familiarize yourself with the material on how to feed an adult husky dog.
It is very important to follow the rule: first walk, then food. They are very active dogs, therefore, if you walk them immediately after eating, there is a high probability of volvulus, leading to the death of the animal.
Puppies of this breed cannot be fed “from the table”. our food is too high in calories for a husky, not balanced enough. Among other things, it can provoke digestive upset.
Each type of feeding has its own advantages and disadvantages.
The advantages of natural food:
- natural food has no harmful additives;
- contains the required amount of fiber and protein;
- convenient to track the quality of products.
Disadvantages of natural food:
- takes time;
- if necessary, it will be difficult to transfer the animal to dry food;
- it is quite difficult to develop a balanced diet on your own.
Natural food for husky puppies has pros and cons.
- completely balanced diet;
- do not take time for cooking;
- comfortable on the go.
Disadvantages of finished feed:
- lack of moisture in food;
- the complexity of the selection of a variety for a specific individual;
- the likelihood of the inclusion of harmful components;
- high price;
- inability to feed with natural products.
- The last point of the disadvantages of dry food once again recalls the prohibition of mixed food for husky puppies.
Cooking food for your husky puppy
It is better to give raw meat to husky food. Freeze it in the freezer for about a week before giving it to your dog. Defrost thoroughly before serving. The meat should be cut into large pieces, not chopped into minced meat and not boiled.
The fish should be boiled. Soft-pitched species are allowed raw, but must be completely thawed.
Husky porridge is not boiled. it is poured with boiling water, then covered with a lid and allowed to cool. It is permissible to put a spoonful of butter and a little salt in the porridge.
Quail eggs give raw, while chicken eggs are boiled and the protein is removed.
PROPER FEEDING OF 1 MONTH OLD PUPPIES | JINGER PAWS
Vegetables for husky puppies are given cooked.
Vegetables must be boiled. for this they are cut and put in boiling water for just a few minutes. Raw tomatoes and cucumbers.
Boil offal well because they may contain eggs of internal parasites that die during cooking.
Dry food for husky puppies
If the decision is made to feed the husky with dry food, you must carefully choose the one that suits the particular animal. Of course, you should only choose from premium feed.
What should be the composition of dry food suitable for a husky puppy:
- meat should be listed first;
- the type of meat must be indicated. For husky puppies, only feed made from beef, chicken, lamb is suitable;
- fish feed can be alternated with meat. The type of fish must be indicated on the package, the fish must be mentioned first in the composition;
- vitamin E should be a preservative in good feed;
- the feed should be rich in proteins;
- grains in good feed may not be at the top of the ingredient list. If this is not the case, the food will harm the digestion;
- the composition should not contain flavors, dyes, preservatives.
When choosing dry food for your husky puppy, pay attention to what class it is, for huskies no lower than Premium class food is suitable.
All these requirements are met only by manufacturers of premium and super-premium feed. These can be Orijen, Canidae, Royal Canine, Acana and the like. Economy class food is not suitable for husky puppies (as well as for other dogs), since it consists not of meat, but of waste from the meat industry.
Foods prohibited for husky puppies
Not all foods can be fed to puppies of this breed. Consider a list of those that are prohibited for these animals:
- fatty meat, chicken and veal;
- boiled bones, chicken bones;
- chicken egg protein;
- chocolate and any sweets;
- grapes, raisins;
- a large number of tomatoes (it is allowed to eat a little so that there is no allergy);
- sugar substitutes;
- smoked, salted, fried, pickled, spicy foods;
- hot / cold food;
- vitamins for humans;
- foods containing a large amount of dyes, preservatives, flavors.
Husky Puppy Feeding Frequency
How often you feed your dog depends on its age. So, a one and a half month old puppy is fed four to five times a day. A dog two to three months old should be fed three to four times. Up to six months, huskies eat three times a day, at the age of six months to a year. two to three times a day. A dog over twelve months old should eat once or twice a day.
The amount of servings depends on the individual characteristics of the animal. Most often, husky puppies do not eat much, but sometimes there are individuals who prefer to fill their tummy tightly.
Regardless of your dog’s preference, it is important to ensure that he does not gain excess weight. The breed is characterized by some thinness, with no hint of exhaustion. For control, it is necessary to draw along the ribs and back of the animal. the ribs and spine should be felt. If they are not felt, the portions should be reduced and the diet revised, since the overweight husky leads to problems with the heart, gastrointestinal tract and musculoskeletal system.
A dog of 2-4 months should be fed according to approximately the following regimen:
- breakfast at 9 o’clock. Give cottage cheese, grated carrots or 2 quail eggs;
- lunch at 13 o’clock. 200 g of meat or sea fish;
- afternoon tea at 17 o’clock. 500 ml of kefir;
- dinner at 20 o’clock. Gives meat porridge and vegetables.
Feed your husky puppies the right way according to the recommendations.
An animal for 3-4 months can eat without a snack. By six months, lunch is removed, cottage cheese, meat or fish are served for breakfast.
In the year, the husky should be fed like this:
- for breakfast they give meat, fish or cottage cheese;
- for dinner. meat porridge.
1 meal. raw finely chopped meat;
Meal 2. boiled finely chopped fish without bones;
5th meal. dairy products (cottage cheese, milk, fermented baked milk and others)
Feeding puppies up to 6 months
Good health and proper development of puppies depends primarily on the feeding regime and diet. If the nutrition is unbalanced, the regimen is not followed. the consequences can be irreparable, because the puppy’s body has just begun to develop and grow.
First of all, you need to decide on the place of feeding: it should be secluded and quiet, the bowl should be on a stand so that the puppy does not have to bend over strongly while eating. It will be better if the stand is adjustable, the floor near the “dining table” should not be slippery, otherwise the pet’s paws will move apart (you can lay a small rug). It is better to choose ceramic or metal bowls, low-quality plastic can be unsafe. You need to wash the bowls with hot water and soda, but you cannot use dishwashing detergents.
1 meal. raw meat with broth, grated vegetables or porridge;
Feeding rates are individual: it is necessary that the bowl remains clean, and the entire portion is eaten. Give the puppy about 15 minutes and then remove any food debris. If the dog licks the bowl. he is hungry, you can slightly increase the portion, if he leaves. give less porridge or vegetables next time. Food should be warm, not frozen or hot, it is better to reheat it in a water bath!
How often to feed your puppy?
A puppy up to 3 months old is fed 6 times a day, every 3 hours. 3-4-month-old pets are fed 5 times a day, by six months you can switch to four meals a day, individuals up to a year are fed 3 times a day, 2 times are enough for adults. As the puppy grows, you can gradually form the feeding regime, gradually the pet will get used to the fact that food is given at a certain time, and will not beg for it.
The approximate volume of one feeding: up to 2 months. 0.1-0.2 liters, from 2 to 4 months. 0.3-0.6 liters, from 4 to 8 months. 0.7-0.9 liters. The portion is calculated according to the size of the dog.
What can be given to puppies?
Raw meat It should not be fatty. beef, rabbit, chicken, horse meat, but lamb and pork can cause indigestion. First, the meat is cut very finely, at the age of three months you can increase the size of the pieces to 2-3 cm, then even larger. You can give sugar bones after meals so that the puppy strengthens its teeth and gums (during the period of changing teeth, you cannot!). Eggs are given no more than 2 times a week after 3 months (before that, you can give them daily).
Porridge You can give oatmeal (sometimes buckwheat porridge), cooked in 6% milk, with an upset stomach, you can give rice. Add oil, glucose to the porridge, after 2 months give broth, vegetable broth. You cannot give flour products, a gray loaf. from 6 months, after 3 months you can also cook corn and millet porridge.
Fish Into the diet is introduced from 2 months, after removing the bones. It is allowed to give raw sea fish. pollock, cod, hake, saury and so on. After 3 months, fish can be fed once a day, removing only large bones.
Dairy products It is allowed to give cottage cheese, milk, sour cream, kefir. Sometimes milk is mixed with 1 teaspoon of honey, but watch carefully for allergic reactions.
Vegetables Raw carrots, beets, cabbage, spinach, lettuce, young nettles, garlic (prevention of helminths), parsley, cucumbers are given. Puppies under 3 months are given boiled vegetables, decoctions, broths.
From vitamin and mineral supplements, fish oil, glycerophosphate and calcium gluconate, chalk, dry eggshells, brewer’s yeast, seaweed, dry nettle are given. You can grind all the ingredients in a coffee grinder, mix and add to food. For puppies up to 2 months. half a teaspoon, up to 4 months. 1 teaspoon, from 4 months. 2-4 teaspoons. You can buy ready-made complexes.
You can give the puppy no more than 1 new type of food per day, otherwise you simply will not be able to understand from which product the indigestion or allergy started.
1 meal. finely ground oatmeal porridge in milk, 1 tea butter, 1 glucose tablet;
Meal 2. finely scraped minced meat with vegetable broth or broth;
3 meals. 100 g of cottage cheese, 100 g of milk;
Meal 4. vegetable broth, broth or meat soup with minced meat and grated vegetables;
Meal 5. raw, finely chopped meat;
6 meal. porridge with milk or cottage cheese.
Ready food for puppies
Choose products marked “for puppies”, they are as balanced and healthy as possible. Do not give too large a portion. the dosage is indicated by the manufacturer on the package. Always give preference to food of premium class and above, do not mix natural food. It is better to soak dry food in hot water, and not in milk or broth, until the puppy’s teeth change.
Professional breeders often prefer to feed their puppies with ready-to-eat foods as natural foods are more difficult to balance.
Estimated daily diet for a dog at the age of 7 months:
7-00: cottage cheese, diluted with sour cream or milk; or porridge with milk; 14-00: buckwheat porridge with the addition of meat and vegetables; 21-00 piece of raw meat or fish.
The diet for each puppy is different. It needs to be compiled taking into account his personal preferences, but you should not pamper your pet either. The correct feeding time, amount of food and the necessary products will help to grow a dog with excellent health.
A variant of the feeding scheme for a puppy from 1 to 3 months:
- 7-00: cottage cheese diluted with sour cream (you can also use milk) / porridge with milk / buckwheat;
- 10-00: porridge cooked with pieces of meat and carrots;
- 13-00: any dairy products;
- 16-00: meat porridge with vegetables;
- 19-00: dairy products or oatmeal in milk with the addition of your favorite fruits or berries;
- 22-00: a portion of raw meat (it provides a sound sleep).
The owner of the puppy needs to know that raw meat must be kept in the freezer for at least 3 days before being consumed, and before feeding it must be doused with boiling water. This will help kill possible bacteria and parasites. Also, eggs (boiled or raw) should be included in the meal schedule: they should be given 2-3 times a week.
Puppy feeding patterns: examples
To better navigate in percentages and products, you can study the approximate feeding schedule for the puppy, depending on its age.
Rules for feeding a puppy depending on its age
The puppy’s feeding schedule, schedule and daily ration depend on age. At different stages of maturation, the pet’s body needs substances that contribute to healthy development. This should be taken into account when drawing up a baby’s nutrition plan. This will help him grow strong, healthy and cheerful.
After 3 months
As the pet grows up, its diet changes. It is necessary to gradually increase the amount of meat and reduce the use of dairy products. After the puppy reaches the age of 3 months, he should eat 50-70% of meat per day, and at 4 months it is already allowed to eat offal. We are talking about the lungs, heart, spleen and a very healthy liver. Also, from this age, the baby begins to be treated with fish, preferably sea fish. Now dairy products make up only 20-30% of the total diet per day, and the amount of vegetables and cereals remains the same.
If dry food was chosen for the pet, then you need to buy special types of it marked with the appropriate age. Its label tells you when and how much to give it. True, experienced dog breeders prefer natural products for their pets.
How often to feed
In order for the dog to receive the required amount of nutrients per day, you need to correctly draw up a nutrition schedule. The frequency of feeding a puppy directly depends on its age. The younger the pet, the more often it should eat in small portions. As they grow older, the number of feed intake is reduced, and their volume is increased. All this helps to break down the daily ration into optimal parts.
The diet depending on age is presented on the puppy feeding table:
Meal hours may vary slightly, but should be constant. When scheduling feedings, you should also take into account your own regime in order to be able to regularly feed the dog on a schedule (you can share this responsibility with your household). The puppy should not eat randomly when the owner is free. this can lead to indigestion. Yes, and the pet gets used to going to the toilet on the street at a certain time, so you need to walk it 20 minutes after feeding.
Puppy Feeding Mode. Feeding Tables and Schedules
The puppy grows up every day, so the growing body needs appropriate healthy nutrition. The menu should be balanced and include foods that are rich in proteins, fats, carbohydrates; vitamins; micro and macro elements. At the same time, it is important not only the amount of certain foods, but also a competent meal schedule. How to properly formulate a puppy’s feeding regime so that he grows up healthy?
Feeding your puppy: norm and food
The feeding rate of a puppy depends on its breed, body characteristics and even character. It is very important to correctly determine the optimal volume. Malnutrition will slow down the development of the body, and the consumption of too large portions will lead to problems of the digestive and even cardiovascular system of the dog.
The required amount of food can be calculated by the pet’s body weight. The size of the daily feeding rate for a puppy up to six months averages 7% of its weight. After he turns 6 months, the amount of food per day is reduced to 3-4% of the mass.
It may happen that the dog will refuse the food offered. You need to watch her: perhaps she is simply full. Or, the pet doesn’t like a particular type of food. This is normal. Some dogs do not induce appetite, such as dairy products, because their bodies cannot tolerate the lactose of cow’s milk. But if refusals to eat have become regular lately, then the pet should be shown to the veterinarian as soon as possible.
Basic puppy foods:
- meat and offal;
- milk products;
- a fish;
- special dry food;
- useful supplements.
The feeding rate of the puppy can be determined empirically: just watch the baby. If after eating he diligently licks the bowl, then the pet is hungry, and you need to revise the schedule and the amount of his food. If the food is left unfinished, then the dog is given too much food.
Feeding your puppy at 1-3 months
When the owner decides what to feed the husky puppy and how often, he should remember that at this age the pet needs to be fed up to 7 times a day.
As the first feeding, it is advisable to give the puppies rice porridge cooked in milk (about 150 ml), and some eggs. The second time. cottage cheese (up to 150 grams) and sour cream. For lunch, thick buckwheat and meat soup (200 grams) are recommended. For the 4th time, a small amount of yogurt is suitable, after meat with grated carrots, milk porridge and for dinner. minced vegetables (meat with vegetables up to 100 grams).
What you shouldn’t feed your puppy
To avoid negative health consequences of your pet, you need to carefully study the issue of its nutrition. healthy foods should be included in the diet and the most harmful ones should be completely eliminated.
First of all, it is not recommended to feed pork huskies (both puppies and adult dogs). You cannot give them any pastries, sweets, smoked meats and spicy seasonings. Their use negatively affects the normal functioning of the liver.
You should also exclude corn, potatoes and peas, as they interfere with the functioning of the intestines. Sharp, tubular bones that can injure the gastrointestinal tract are prohibited.
Dairy products should also be treated with caution, because they themselves are heavy food for a pet (adult).
Basic rules for feeding husky puppies
Many owners know about the husky’s ability to absorb absolutely any food that seems relatively edible to it. That is why it is necessary to accustom the dog to the correct diet from the very birth, so that it does not have enough of everything. The owner must correctly build the regimen, make a list of products and determine the size of the portions.
In most cases, huskies are kept for hunting and protection.
When deciding what to feed the husky at home, you should pay attention to some nutritional features that depend on the dog’s lifestyle, season, physiology and some other factors:
- Adult dogs are usually fed twice a day. When the husky starts to get tired quickly, the number of meals is increased to 3-4.
- When feeding a pet with dietary supplements, it should be borne in mind that the composition must necessarily contain calcium, phosphorus, vitamin B and Omega-3.
- Around spring and summer, the dog’s coat begins to change, which indicates the need to increase fluid in the diet and include fiber in it.
- In the summer, you should refuse food that is long and hard to digest. It is advisable to give your pet a variety of fruits, berries and vegetables are allowed.
- Feeding time. morning and evening (after a walk).
- With the onset of cold weather, a large amount of protein and, of course, fiber are included in the diet. It is recommended to pay special attention to meat (up to 80% of the total nutrition).
An adult husky (from 8 years old and above) is not advised to feed too high-calorie meals, also meat. It is best to lean on cereals and vegetables.
By the way, one of the most beautiful dog breeds is the Karelian or, as it is also called, the Finnish Laika. She has a non-standard appearance, which is attractive. By nature, husky is cheerful, dexterous and energetic. Looks more like a fox than an ordinary dog. Has powerful paws, so it is able to run with the speed of a wolf.
Note! Dog breeders of the world highlight the snow-white beauty of the North Samoyed Laika, which has won the hearts of many. And not only in appearance, but also in quick-wittedness, a livable character.
Choice of finished feed
At the moment, there are several classes of feed: holistic, economy, premium and super-premium. Most of the feed on the market is economy class products containing soy supplements. Their price is low, but the nutritional value is not at the highest level. It is best to feed your pet with premium, super premium or holistic foods.
How to feed a puppy from birth to a month
As a rule, the diet of such a baby is exclusively mother’s milk. This period can last approximately 20 days. After this period, the digestive tract of dogs can digest other foods. Further, the babies gradually begin to feed with meat (necessarily low-fat). To prevent the puppy from biting and growling on a regular basis, it is necessary to educate him correctly from an early age.
How to feed an adult husky
An adult dog (one year and older) is fed 2 times a day. At the age of about 2 years, the diet should already be fully formed. If the dog participates in competitions or is experiencing other stress, then it should be fed more often.
The first feeding is after a morning walk, the second is at 9-10 pm. If necessary, the dog is fed during the day. 3% by weight is the optimal daily portion. In summer and winter, the diet is always different. During the hot period, the dog needs less food and more water, berries, fruits. With the onset of cold weather, on the contrary, they include more protein foods and additional vitamins.
Baby food scheme at 4-5 months
When the husky reaches 4 months of age, it needs less milk and more meat. The diet should consist of cottage cheese or porridge (up to 500 grams), finely chopped meat and large bones (up to 400 grams), cereals (300 grams) and about 200 grams of various vegetables. The number of meals is reduced to 4.
How to feed your puppy. 1 month?
Having made the decision to take a puppy into the house, you thereby take upon yourself the responsibility not only for raising him, but certainly also for feeding. Indeed, in order for a puppy to turn into a strong and healthy handsome dog, it is necessary to organize the correct and rational nutrition of your pet.
How to feed your monthly puppies?
As a rule, until the age of 45-60 days, the basis of nutrition for puppies is mother’s milk. an irreplaceable source of protective antibodies. But breeders already from two to three weeks of age begin to introduce complementary foods for puppies in the form of an egg-milkshake (one egg per glass of milk in the first 2-3 days and then one egg per 400-500 ml of milk). With the question of what kind of milk to feed the puppy, do not be too philosophical. ordinary cow milk, and if possible. goat milk. Some dog breeders also use infant formula for this purpose. Then, semi-liquid milk porridge is gradually introduced into the diet (the total “milk” portion reaches 400 g / day). And here one more question may arise, what cereals can you feed your puppy? First of all, of course, I made buckwheat porridge. Then you can recommend porridge made from boiled rice, semolina, quality “rolled oats”. Then scraped beef or veal is introduced as complementary foods.
Therefore, when taking a puppy at the age of about 30-45 days, try not to introduce any new foods in the first few days, the diet should remain the same as when feeding from the breeder. But in the future, in order not to face the problem of how to feed a puppy at 1 month old and how often to feed a puppy, pay attention to some recommendations:
- At the age of one to two months, the frequency of feeding puppies is 3-4 hours with a six-hour night break.
- At least once a week, a monthly puppy should receive meat (only fresh!) And meat products.
- The diet of a puppy in one month should be quite varied. In addition to meat and dairy food, give your puppy fish (only sea fish! River fish can be infected with helminths). source of phosphorus and iodine. Be sure to give raw vegetables (grated or cut into small pieces). source of vitamins.
- Since puppies grow quite quickly, foods with increased m calcium should be added to the diet (sometimes it is recommended to add to the main food pharmaceutical calcium preparations, crushed into powder), as well as fish oil.
Diet depending on the breed of the puppy
An important aspect of organizing proper nutrition for puppies is that you need to take into account the breed of the dog, the puppy of which you took. So the nutrition of puppies of large breeds should be distinguished by an increased m of proteins. Therefore, consider, for example, how to feed a month-old shepherd puppy and how to feed a month-old Labrador puppy, as the most popular representatives of large dog breeds. As already mentioned, for the full development of such puppies, nutrition with increased m of proteins is necessary. The best source of protein is, of course, meat. At the age of one month, you can give scraped beef, veal, and then gradually introduce soups with meat broth, cereals with the addition of raw meat trimmings, raw fish (seafood!), Eggs, dairy products (especially calcined cottage cheese) into the diet. You can give a loaf of wheat soaked in milk. source of vitamin B. From the age of three weeks, the puppies must be exposed to fresh water. The number of feedings per day should be at least six. And the main indicator of the correctness of feeding can be considered the weight gain of the puppy (150-170 g / day). Attention! To avoid burns to the oral mucosa, monitor the temperature of the food (put your finger in a bowl of food. the food should be slightly warm). A complete diet is the key to good health and excellent conformation of your pet.
Recommended and prohibited foods
What can you feed your little puppy? Most often, small puppies at 1-2 months old are fed with natural products. But there are a few rules that you should follow to ensure your baby has good nutrition:
- the diet of a puppy when feeding “natural” should be 2/3 of foods containing protein. meat, fish, cottage cheese;
- include vitamin and mineral supplements in the puppy’s menu;
- food should be served mostly raw or cooked;
- cereals and vegetables can make up 10% of the daily volume of all food.
- sweet. glucose is not absorbed in the dog’s digestive system, fermentation processes can begin in the intestines, which are unacceptable for predators;
- spicy, salty, generously flavored with spices. irritates the stomach;
- tubular bones are strictly prohibited. such bones crumble easily, and a dog can swallow their fragments, which is fraught with injuries to the esophagus, intestinal obstruction;
- pork. a puppy can get a dangerous disease of trichinosis;
- whole milk. not absorbed in the dog’s body;
- river fish. infection with worms is possible;
- legumes and cabbage. can cause bloating;
- potatoes. very poor digestibility in the puppy’s body;
- sausages. contain many harmful substances.
Is the puppy getting enough food?
Remember that overfeeding is very harmful for the puppy, but underfeeding the baby is also fraught with health problems. The puppy should receive sufficient food. But how to determine that the baby is eating at the “norm”?
It is enough to follow simple rules:
- Watch the puppy. if the baby does not eat the whole portion, then it is necessary to cut it.
- Never feed your dog supplements. some puppies can eat much more food than they should.
- Schedule feedings and feed the puppy strictly on time. if food is always freely available, the dog will overeat and gain excess weight.
- Food is calculated by weight, not height. per 1 kg of weight. 9 g of protein, 13.8 g of carbohydrates, 1.5 g of fiber, 2.64 g of fatty acids.
- The average daily amount of food for a puppy is easy to calculate: at the age of up to one year, it is equal to 5% of the baby’s body weight (puppies under 4 months old need to add an additional amount of food at the rate of 100 g of food for 1 month of life).
How to feed your puppy dry food
Remember that the puppy should always have free access to clean drinking water, if he is “drying”. The dry food should contain all the substances and vitamins necessary for the puppy.
How to feed your puppy correctly
To feed your puppy properly, cynology experts advise you to follow a few simple rules when organizing a dog’s nutrition:
- the puppy needs to be fed several times a day at the same time;
- if the baby refuses to eat, it is worth removing the bowl before the next feeding;
- the puppy should not overeat;
- Avoid unhealthy foods such as sugary, salty foods
- food should not be too cold or too hot;
- bowls for a large breed puppy should be placed on a special stand so that
- avoid curvature of the back;
- The puppy should always have clean water in the bowl, especially if he eats dry food;
- the puppy’s food should be varied and contain all the necessary vitamins and minerals.
How to feed a puppy from 1 month to 1 year
The result of improper nutrition can be various health problems of the puppy, the abnormal development of his body, because it is at the puppy age that the baby’s bones and teeth are formed, the body grows and develops. To grow and become strong and healthy, it is important for a puppy to receive all the necessary nutrients and vitamins in sufficient quantities and regularly.
Approximate puppy menu per day
How many times a day to feed the puppy? It is worth feeding the puppy several times a day, the number of meals depends on the age of the baby.
|Puppy age||Number of meals||Interval between feedings|
|2 months||6 times||3.5 hours|
|2-4 months||5 times||4 hours|
|4-6 months||4 times||4.5 hours|
|6-10 months||3 times||6 o’clock|
|10-12 months||2 times||9-10 hours|
Approximate Puppy Menu:
- First feeding. fermented milk products (cottage cheese, yogurt, kefir, sour cream).
- Second feeding. meat or fish with vegetables or cereals.
- Third feeding. fermented milk products with added cereals.
- Fourth feeding. meat, egg with vegetables or porridge.