home Aquarium How often to feed dry fish in the aquarium

How often to feed dry fish in the aquarium

What do aquarium fish cockerels eat?

One of the topical questions for aquarists who are going to buy a Betta splendens pet is how to feed the cockerel fish. Many beginners do not know what kind of food is right for them, what portions should be. Malnutrition is not as bad for your fish as overeating. Wild bettas are omnivorous fish that prefer to catch insects from the surface of the water, eat benthos and small crustaceans. They don’t mind nibbling on aquatic plants such as Javanese moss. Traditionally, they are fed with flakes and pellets produced by feed manufacturers. But is this feeding right? This should be sorted out.

often, feed, fish, aquarium

How to properly feed aquarium fish?

The answers to these questions are quite simple, but at the same time they have an individual character. that is, they depend on the specific type of aquarium fish, on the volume of the aquarium and other nuances!

Answering the question. HOW TO FEED FISH? In general, we can say that you need to feed the pets so that after 2-3 minutes the abandoned food is eaten. Covering this issue, it should be noted that it is better to underfeed fish than overfeed. Don’t feed the fish a lot, often. Be careful not to get such a situation when. You fed the fish, then the spouse, and then also the children!

over, starving fish is a diet that only benefits fish! Arrange fasting days for the fish once a month. do not feed the fish for 2 days. By following these recommendations, you will get rid of the risk of pets getting gastrointestinal diseases and only improve their well-being.!

The second point worth highlighting on the issue is HOW TO FEED THE FISH! The food. the fish feeder should be balanced and varied, in addition, it should meet the individual needs of a particular type of fish swimming in your “aquarium”. Often, many make a big mistake and feed the fish with one type of food (for example, dry)! Such a policy of keeping fish and such feeding eventually leads to the question. AND HOW TO TREAT THE FISH? The food should be of high quality, varied. At the same time, no one tells you that the fish need to be fed with delicacies. But combining, for example, dry and frozen food is possible, it is not so expensive!

In addition, different fish prefer different food, some, for example, really need plant food! Taking into account these features, select the appropriate feed, balance it.

WHEN TO FEED YOUR FISH? This question is also individual for a particular type of fish. For example, most aquarium catfish are nocturnal, and therefore it is advisable to feed them in the dark.

But since most fish are diurnal, it is better to feed them during the day. in the morning or at lunchtime.

I feed mine once a day, in the morning. However, many recommend feeding 2 aquarium fish twice a day. Actually, I see nothing wrong with that. The main thing is to follow the rule, the food should be eaten in 2-3 minutes.


A very important issue for aquarium fish feed is its quality. Of course, you can “get aquarium food” in the old fashioned way. hunt in ponds or suffer with bloodworms. You can buy feed at the poultry markets! However, no one will give you any guarantees! over, such food is dangerous for the health of your pets.

As a recommendation, I suggest you pay attention

FOOD FOR AQUARIUM FISH: dry fish food, frozen fish food, live fish food, homemade fish food

Category: Aquarium Articles / USEFUL TIPS FOR KEEPING FISH | Views: 5 916 | Date: 23-05-2013, 20:27 | Comments (2) We also recommend reading:

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Aquarium fish nutrition

About captive feeding mode

You need to feed the fish so that they do not overeat and are saturated with food. The diet directly depends on the age of the pet and the characteristics of its digestive system. Adults usually eat 2 times a day, this is quite enough for them. Fry 1-2 months old should be fed 4 times a day. And fry up to one month old need food every 3-6 hours. During the spawning period, it is correct to give the fish less food, sometimes not feeding the first few days after breeding. Two weeks before spawning, on the contrary, it is correct for producers to give more live food.

No matter how many fish you keep, you need to feed them all at the same time. Start in the morning, one hour after turning on the lights. The last feeding should take place 2 hours before the lights are turned off. The question for novice aquarists is how much food is right to feed, and how often? Give enough food for them to eat in 5 minutes. Do not feed often, but in small portions so that they swallow them completely. Leftover leftovers can be removed with a net to avoid decay.

The food grains depend on the age and size of the fish. Juveniles should eat food that does not exceed the size of their eyes. It is recommended to grind dry food in the form of granules, flakes and tablets into dust. Adult fish like to capture larger food particles, they do not eat dust. To make all residents of a home reservoir happy with feeding, install special feeders for dry and live food in the tank. Food does not pour out of them, and pets can eat it safely.

See how to properly feed aquarium fish with dry food.

How to properly feed aquarium fish

Fish feeding methods

Branded fish food

What fish should receive from the received feed

How to feed aquarium fish correctly: tips, tricks

Many aquarists are wondering how to properly feed the fish in the aquarium? How to properly care for your pets and, of course, the question related to proper nutrition comes to the fore.

They try not to deprive their pets of the desire to eat well, as a result, the fish may begin to feel bad, and the remnants of uneaten food remain floating in the aquarium, gradually polluting it. How to properly and balanced diet and avoid contamination with food debris? This article provides simple tips to help solve this problem.

How to properly feed fish in an aquarium?

Here you need to adhere to one basic rule, the fish cannot be overfed. It has been found that one adult fish needs to consume up to five percent of its own weight every day to meet its nutritional needs. In the wild, there is an opportunity to lose weight, fish swim long distances, escape from predators, this does not happen in a home aquarium, due to the low mobility of the fish. Overfeeding leads the fish to obesity, the possibility of reproduction is lost, metabolism is disturbed, as a result of which the fish can get sick. Do not forget about uneaten food for fish, being in the aquarium for some time, its remains begin to rot, contaminating the aquarium water.
Further, the variety of food plays an important role, the fish cannot be treated all the time with the same food, dry food, and cereals. If you want to see your fish always healthy, mobile, bright, you can add special vitamin supplements, usually added to water, or to fish food. You should be aware that not all fish are suitable for the same food, your fish may be vegetarians, predators, collect food from the bottom, search the entire aquarium or eat only on the surface of the aquarium. There is no need to throw large pieces of food if the fish is small, it simply cannot physically swallow it.
In the diet of fish, live food should be the main (earthworms, daphnia, bloodworms, eggs, meat, fruit flies, grandal.) such fish food more nutritious than dry, and the fish eat such food much better. Do not forget about vegetable feed. These include soft aquarium plants, compound feed, semolina, nettle and lettuce leaves. Also, aquarists use frozen food such as bloodworms, daphnia, cyclops.
Now let’s talk about methods that are not suitable for daily use. Food for fish should not be given at all, provided that your fish is sick, a weakened body itself refuses food, this helps to recover faster, but in the period after an illness it is worthwhile to approach the issue of nutrition with all attention and of course do not forget about vitamins. There are two options when the fish need to eat a lot and varied, in the first case this is the period of preparation for spawning. The second option is feeding small fish and fry, in this case, the food should be fed five or six times in small quantities. this is necessary for the correct assimilation of food. During growth, fry need to eat up to one hundred percent of the feed, calculated by the mass of the fish itself.
This concludes the article, thanks to these tips, you can correctly determine the food that suits your pets. Your fish will receive the right nutrition to help them grow.

How to feed aquarium fish?

How to feed aquarium fish is a fairly simple and hackneyed question. Nevertheless, many novice aquarists ask them, and most importantly, they make fatal mistakes when carrying out this procedure.

Let’s take a look at the intricacies of feeding our aquarium pets.!

You need to start with the fact that the key to the successful existence of any living organism is a balanced diet, that is, the intake of a full, varied and necessary composition of elements into the body: fats, proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and other components.

Probably, many of you have seen the programs when, as part of an experiment, a group of people was planted exclusively on a diet of meat or exclusively on a diet of plant foods. The results were not long in coming, within a week the respondents began to experience terrible disorders of the body, further experiment would lead to pathological irreversible processes in the body.

So, all that has been said fully applies to fish. Monotonous, monotonous nutrition leads to problems, primarily of the gastrointestinal tract, the development of pathogens and pathology.

Asking the question of how to feed the fish, one must also take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular type of fish, which, as a rule, are determined by the habitat and biotope of the species. Some fish prefer protein nutrition, others require emphasis on plant-based ingredients. That is, the feeding of predatory cichlids should be fundamentally different, say, from the nutrition of vegetable row fish: loricaria catfish, goldfish, cichlids of the Mbuna group, etc.

And the third important point is the frequency of feeding. Aquarists have an unspoken rule that underfeeding is better than overfeeding. However, this is debatable, since both are, in fact, extremes. A balanced frequency of feeding in a priori will be the best scheme, a guarantee of the health and longevity of our pets.

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Now let’s take a closer look at the aforementioned aspects of fish feeding.

In our arsenal there are the following types of fish food:

Agree, a great arsenal! It is only important to use it correctly. All you need is to buy food and schedule a weekly diet according to individual preferences of aquatic organisms.

How to feed herbivorous fish: ancistrus, L-soms, labidochromis, pseudotrophies, goldfish? Their diet should be

30% protein. Take for them freeze-dried food with herbal ingredients, for example:

Loricaria catfish perfectly eat cucumber slices, zucchini, salads. Goldfish love duckweed. But at the same time, do not be afraid to use protein foods. freezing and high-quality live food.

How to feed predatory fish? Actually, the opposite is true, we make Accent on proteins, but do not forget about herbal ingredients.

Now let’s look at the time frame for feeding the fish. This question depends on the lifestyle of the fish. Fish that lead an active diurnal lifestyle are fed accordingly during the day, fish leading a gloomy lifestyle (many catfish-like fish) should preferably be fed in the evening.

You should also take into account the way of feeding, some fish take food from the surface of the water. it is better to give them flakes, others prefer to take food in the water column. it is advisable to give them slowly sinking granules, chips. It is advisable for bottom fish to be given tableted sinking feed.

It is advisable to feed the fish twice a day. in the morning and in the evening, little by little, so that the food is eaten by them in 1-2 minutes. Do not allow food residues in the aquarium, this will lead to high concentrations of poisons. NH4, NO2, NO3.

As for the “fasting day”, i. E. when the fish are not fed for a whole day. This method is often recommended by aquarists. We will nevertheless join the opinion of Vladimir Kovalev, an ichthyopathologist, a man who has devoted many years of his life to our hobby. Of course, unloading is needed, for example, many people who want to lose weight: go on a diet, and even arrange fasting. But think, fish do not follow the figure, the waist is not important to them))) Nature always gives them as much as they need. We do not agree with the opinion that fish in nature have seasons of starvation, this is not entirely true, the “seasonality” is associated only with the life cycles of a particular ecosystem. During floods in tropical forests, life blooms, there is an abundance of food, which is an incentive for spawning and reproduction of offspring. Further, dry periods are possible, in which there is always food, but in smaller quantities. We can say that Nature is a unique auto-feeder that knows everything, regulates and doses. So we should strive not for extremes, but for balance! This is the secret of our hobby!

Feed the fish consciously, with love and everything will be fine!

An interesting video about feeding fish

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How to feed your fish dry food?

It would seem that feeding the fish with dry food is very simple: I opened the jar and poured as much as needed. But in fact, this is far from the case.

Dry food for fish: before feeding. smash!

In the photo on the left there is granulated dry food, and on the right the same amount of food, but already saturated with moisture. The feed volume has doubled!

How convenient dry food is! It is worth a jar. just pour it in, and the fish eat and this miracle, balanced in all the main components, is quite enough for them. They can eat dry food all their lives (however, not very long).
But let’s think about it, is dry food balanced in all components? I’ll tell you right away: not for all. Guess what’s missing from it? The answer, by the way, is obvious and follows from the name of the product itself. Have you guessed? Correct: there is not enough water in dry food.
– Well, so what? another aquarist asks. we throw him into the water and he gets wet there.
In fact, it takes some (albeit short) time for the food to absorb moisture. But, as a rule, pellets thrown into the aquarium 1) are eaten almost instantly. As a result, the fish gorge themselves on dehydrated food. It would seem that there is nothing wrong with this, because a fish can drink water without problems. it is always surrounded by water. open your mouth and swallow. This is how it actually happens. Moisture dry food is already saturated in the digestive tract of the fish. And at the same time, the most unpleasant phenomenon is observed: when wet, dry food swells, increasing its volume by 2. 3 times, and its weight. more than three times. The fish intestine is forced to perform an almost impossible task: it needs to push and digest a huge and heavy food ball.
Using dry food, we deceive the poor fish, slipping them something that does not exist in their natural habitat. Normally, fish eat food with an initial high m of water, so the situation when food is saturated with water already in the intestines is unnatural for them. In this case, the digestion of food is significantly hampered and slowed down. Putrefactive processes and gas formation can occur in the food lump. What is the bottom line? Chronic toxicosis of fish, low digestibility of food and increased nitrate and phosphate load on the aquarium, high prevalence of hexamitosis and mycobacteriosis among aquarium fish, the appearance of inverted fish and fish with renal failure, the extreme expression of which is dropsy and ruffle scales.
What to do now? Give up completely “drying”? No, a complete refusal is a wrong decision, because in its composition dry food can be very good (however, not everyone.), you just need to be able to prepare it for use. The simplest solution is to soak the pellets in water for 7. 10 minutes just before feeding, but it is even better to soak the dry food in “vetome sourdough”. In this case, it will not only gain the necessary moisture, but will also be enriched with useful probiotic bacteria, which will help the fish in the difficult process of digesting artificial food 2) and will also strengthen its immunity.

It is important to note that fish will eat significantly less moist (now not dry) food than dry food and at the same time satisfy their hunger. However, there are some important rules to follow when feeding soaked food. Read about this special material: “How and how much to feed aquarium fish?”

1) Speaking of dry food for aquarium fish, I primarily mean pellets. Flake food, in most cases, it is better not to use at all.
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2) Why is artificial food harder to digest than natural food? The thing is that natural food is partly digested by itself: from the lysosomes of dead cells, digestive enzymes are released, and they help the fish to assimilate everything necessary and useful from what was eaten. Dry food digests only the digestive enzymes of the fish itself, which creates an increased and often excessive load on its digestive system. Probiotic organisms secrete digestive enzymes and assist fish in digesting food. Therefore, dry food soaked in “vetome sourdough” is close in biological value to living.
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About captive feeding mode

You need to feed the fish so that they do not overeat and are saturated with food. The diet directly depends on the age of the pet and the characteristics of its digestive system. Adults usually eat 2 times a day, this is quite enough for them. Fry 1-2 months old should be fed 4 times a day. And fry up to one month old need food every 3-6 hours. During the spawning period, it is correct to give the fish less food, sometimes not feeding the first few days after breeding. Two weeks before spawning, on the contrary, it is correct for producers to give more live food.

No matter how many fish you keep, you need to feed them all at the same time. Start in the morning, one hour after turning on the lights. The last feeding should take place 2 hours before the lights are turned off. The question for novice aquarists is how much food is right to feed, and how often? Give enough food for them to eat in 5 minutes. Do not feed often, but in small portions so that they swallow them completely. Leftover leftovers can be removed with a net to avoid decay.

The food grains depend on the age and size of the fish. Juveniles should eat food that does not exceed the size of their eyes. It is recommended to grind dry food in the form of granules, flakes and tablets into dust. Adult fish like to capture larger food particles, they do not eat dust. To make all residents of a home reservoir happy with feeding, install special feeders for dry and live food in the tank. Food does not pour out of them, and pets can eat it safely.

See how to properly feed aquarium fish with dry food.

How to properly feed aquarium fish

In order to understand how many times a day you need to feed aquarium fish, you should understand the peculiarities of their nutrition in their natural habitat. All types of fish borrowed taste preferences and diet from their natural ancestors. What all fish usually eat?

How to feed your fish

There are general feeding rules for all fish, which must be adhered to at all times:

  • Correctly feed the fish with the food that is right for them, take into account the physiological characteristics of all species living in the general aquarium.
  • Don’t overfeed your pets. don’t feed too often, in small portions.
  • For aquarium fish, the best nutrition is a variety of foods.
  • No matter how much food you put in the tank, remove the leftovers after a meal.
  • The number of meals should be appropriate for the size and age of the fish.
  • Do not feed the fish immediately after turning on the lights, or before going to bed.
  • The diet of aquarium fish should contain natural food, and not only artificial, purchased.
  • Fish feeding methods

    • Herbivores. These fish have a long digestive system, which indicates a habit of often eating small portions. In their natural environment, they eat algae, plants, fruits and seeds.
    • Carnivores. have a large stomach, so they eat a lot, but not as often as herbivores. In nature, these fish eat dead animals, small fish, insects, invertebrates, birds, amphibians.
    • Omnivores. the diet of these fish several times a day, they prefer both plant and protein foods.

    See How to Prepare Plant Food for Aquarium Fish.

    Live food should be given to carnivorous and omnivorous fish. These are bloodworms, tubifex, daphnia, cortetra, infusoria, rotifers, gammarus. They must be stored in the freezer, they deteriorate quickly. Fish fry must be raised on live food, due to the protein they become resistant to diseases. Also, as live food, the fish are served veal heart, minced fish, minced meat and chicken liver, invertebrate meat, chicken eggs. Vegetable food is necessary for herbivorous and omnivorous fish. it can be vegetables, fruits, algae, plants, cereals.

    Once a week, the fish are given a fasting day, or a mini-hunger strike. It cleanses the intestines, eliminates the effects of overeating, and helps to heal sick fish. In the natural environment, fish are able to live a long time without food, so a one-day hunger strike will not harm them.

    What fish should receive from the received feed

    How many times a week should a fish eat, and what portion of nutrients does it need to get from food? It all depends on individual calculations. Carnivorous and omnivorous fish can eat according to the following scheme:

    Feeding Fish How Often How Much and What

  • The first day of the week. dry food of the first type (chips or pellets) once a day.
  • Second. dry food of the second type, once a day.
  • The third is live food (for example, brine shrimp or bloodworms), once a day.
  • Fourth. dry food of the first type, 2 times a day.
  • Fifth. dry or vegetable food, 2 times a day.
  • Sixth. live food (tubifex, daphnia) and plant food.
  • Seventh. fasting diet.
  • Feeding in the aquarium can be structured differently, and you can make your own scheme. Be sure to alternate dry, live and plant foods. If the fish is herbivorous, it should only eat vegetable and dry food (spirulina tablets). Do not forget about the vitamins that a pet should receive for a full life. If you buy feed of well-known brands, look at the composition, it contains all the trace elements and vitamins that the fish will receive after eating.

    • Vitamin A. is needed for cell division, in particular in fry and young animals. Lack of this component can be the cause of stunted growth, curvature of the spine and deformation of the fins, constant stress.
    • Vitamin E. plays an important role in the development of the reproductive system.
    • Vitamin D3. essential for the development and growth of the skeletal system.
    • B vitamins (thiamine. B1, riboflavin. B2, cyanocobalamin. B12) are needed to normalize metabolic processes in the body.
    • Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) participates in the formation of the skeletal system and teeth, strengthens the immune system, improves metabolism.
    • Vitamin H (biotin). required for proper cell formation.
    • Vitamin K. a fat-soluble vitamin, required for protein synthesis, provides blood clotting.
    • Vitamin M (B9, folic acid). develops the immune system, circulatory system. Improves the color of the scales.
    • Vitamin B4 (choline). required for the growth of fish, synthesizes the amount of sugar in the blood.
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    Attention, only for TODAY!

    In nature

    It is important for aquarium fish owners to know what kind of food their pets eat in their natural habitat. Most are omnivores and eat:

    • insects;
    • worms;
    • seaweed;
    • small fish;
    • the simplest;
    • vegetation.

    Having gained knowledge of the approximate diet of certain types of fish, the aquarist will be able to choose a suitable dry food for his pets.

    However, do not forget that each individual has “favorite” products. For example, some fish prefer plant food, while others love to feast on live food.

    In this case, observing the life of pets and their individual preferences will help.

    There is still debate about how to properly feed aquarium fish: to minimize food or, conversely, to give food in large quantities. However, both can lead to the death of waterfowl pets. It is important to find a “middle ground” and approach the issue of feeding “domestic” fish with the utmost seriousness.

    Subtleties of choice

    • alive;
    • branded;
    • frozen;
    • vegetable.

    They are just the chitinous shells of insects. Eating exclusively on this food, the fish will get sick and subsequently die.

    Dry food can be divided into several types.

    • Cereals. Suitable for fish that spend most of the time on the surface of the water. Such food is light and does not sink to the bottom. Suitable for small fish (guppies, cockerels, neons and all types of gourami).
    • Crisps. Convenient food for all types of aquarium inhabitants. Chips swell quickly and sink to the bottom. They are relevant for all types of cichlids. For small aquatic pets, the products can be gently broken into small pieces.
    • Granules. Ideal for larger fish, including bottom catfish. The granules quickly sink to the bottom and attract the attention of the inhabitants of the aquarium “thickets” (shrimps and snails).
    • Pills. Relevant for large species. Dry food in the form of tablets instantly dissolves in water, crumbling into small particles. The tablets are enriched with vitamins and minerals and are great for decorative catfish, shrimp.

    High-quality dry food does not affect the state of water in an artificial reservoir and does not harm green spaces.

    For an aquarist, in an artificial reservoir of which different types of fish live, it is best to purchase several types of dry food. They can be alternated or mixed.

    Many aquarists distrust industrial products and prefer to feed their pets with handmade food. We are talking about minced meat, which is obtained from boiled shrimp, chicken and sea fish meat. However, homemade food spoils the water in an artificial reservoir significantly. As a result, water changes in the aquarium will have to be done more often.

    How to properly feed dry food to fish in an aquarium?

    An aquarium with beautiful fish will undoubtedly become a decoration for any home. The priority remains the issue of feeding waterfowl animals. It is not difficult to properly feed the fish in the aquarium with dry food. The main thing is to understand the peculiarities and diet of the inhabitants of an artificial reservoir.

    How often to feed?

    Most aquarists follow the correct feeding tactics for aquatic animals. However, over-caring for fish can lead to dire consequences. Some owners do not spare food for the fish, which leads to their obesity. Surplus feed also begins to rot, turning the aquarium into a real swamp. In addition, many fish, by their behavior, mislead the owner and practically beg for food. Especially such “begging” is inherent in cichlids.

    Proper feeding means 2 meals a day (morning and evening). This applies to adult fish. Juveniles feed more often. The serving should be eaten within the first 5 minutes. Ideally, the feed should not sink to the bottom. However, some species of ornamental fish live precisely in the “lowland” of an artificial reservoir. As already mentioned, too much food will affect the water quality of the aquarium.

    If the owner notices that the home reservoir is quickly becoming polluted, then it is advisable to reduce the portion of feed.

    An approximate feeding scheme (7 days a week) for aquarium fish looks like this:

    • Monday, Tuesday. dry food (2 types);
    • Wednesday. live food or bloodworms;
    • Thursday and Friday. dry food (2 types);
    • Saturday. live food and duckweed;
    • Sunday. “hunger strike”.

    A fasting day will not harm the fish and will have a beneficial effect on the condition of the aquarium.

    You will learn more about how to properly feed fish with dry food by watching the following video.

    How often to feed dry fish in the aquarium

    It cannot be denied that natural food is digested more fully than dry artificial food. The fact is that when natural live food is consumed in the digestion process in the digestive tract of fish, not only fish digestive enzymes take part, but also lysosomal enzymes (that is, enzymes that break down to the simplest molecular chains of proteins, fats, carbohydrates absorbed in the intestine, which are absorbed in the intestine) from the cells of the consumed organism. Probiotics help to bring the course of the digestion process closer to the natural one, about which. below.

    On the left is a variation of a goldfish receiving prepared food, on the right is a variation of a goldfish that has become a shape-shifter as a result of feeding unprepared dry food

    Modern dry food is able to fully satisfy the needs of both growing and adult aquarium fish. However, they will be able to fulfill their task only if they follow certain rules about how to feed the fish with dry food, which are not even mentioned on the labels.

    The packages contain information about the composition, the ratio of proteins and carbohydrates, the percentage of fats, and so on. But there is no recommendation to prepare the feed before giving it to the fish.

    Any dry food, before giving it to fish, should be soaked in at least aquarium water for five to ten minutes. Soaking time is easy to choose yourself. properly soaked feed increases in volume almost twice. This is especially important if you do not know how much to feed aquarium fish with dry food.

    The question may arise. why do this if the aquarium around the fish is already full of water?

    Under natural conditions, and the gastrointestinal tract (gastrointestinal tract) of aquarium fish is created and functions correctly precisely based on the natural conditions of keeping, the fish do not eat dry food, since they simply do not exist in nature. Each natural food provides the body of the fish not only with nutrients, but also with water. In addition, dry food tends to swell.

    Once in the digestive tract of the fish, dry food doubles in size, the weight increases almost three times.

    The food turns into a dense lump, which is hardly pushed into the gastrointestinal tract by smooth muscle muscles. This causes a number of problems:

    • The passage of feed is slowed down, it is not adequately wetted by digestive enzymes, and this leads not only to inadequate digestibility of nutrients, but also to increased reproduction of putrefactive bacteria.
    • Putrefactive bacteria, in turn, cause the formation of excess gases.
    • An excessive amount of gases provokes a violation of the coordination of movements of the fish. This is especially true of various varieties of goldfish, most often the ranch.
    • Fish are amazed by the disease, which in aquaristics received the common name “Float”, “Changeling fish”. Gas accumulated in the back of the intestine causes the back of the body to rise up, the fish hovers helplessly, burying its nose in the bottom of the aquarium.
    • If gases accumulate in the central part of the intestine, conditions are formed for the occurrence of inorganic damage Float. The fish turns upside down and hangs in the water, unable to swim.
    • Slow passage of food through the digestive tract and the activity of putrefactive bacteria is the reason for the increased formation of various toxins that contribute to the weakening of the fish’s body, and as a result, the occurrence of diseases such as hexamitosis, mycobacteriosis (tuberculosis) of fish, renal failure, which can be read in more detail in the relevant articles aquaMegaPedias.
    • Feeding dry food contributes to the obesity of aquarium fish. It is noted that when feeding with soaked food, fish need less food to satisfy hunger.

    Variety of a goldfish turned into a shape-shifter as a result of improper use of dry food

    It should be noted that in order to ensure proper nutrition for the inhabitants of the aquarium, you still need to follow the general rules on how to properly feed aquarium fish with dry food, in particular, observe the frequency and quantity, which is described in the section “How much and how often to feed the fish”. The same article also tells about how many times to feed aquarium fish with dry food, depending on the species.

    In general, it has been observed that fish that receive soaked food are more resistant to stress and disease. Especially if the feed is soaked in probiotic solutions.

    You can read about probiotics in the article “Probiotics for Aquarium Fish”

    The importance of the correct combination of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and various elements, how many times a day, what and how to feed the fish in the aquarium. in the following articles:

    How to feed aquarium fish

    Eating aquarium fish at home should reproduce the frequency and taste preferences of their natural habitat.

    • Algae, plants, seeds and fruits: This is how herbivorous fish with a long digestive cycle eat. They used to feed often and little by little.
    • Insects, small fish, birds, invertebrates. This is the diet of carnivores with a large stomach. The portions are large, but the feeding is less frequent.
    • Food of vegetable and protein types. Such fish are called omnivores. They feed several times a day.

    Live food for carnivorous and omnivorous fish includes ciliates, brine shrimp, bloodworms, tubifex, cortetra, daphnia, nauplii, gammarius. Such food quickly deteriorates and requires storage in the refrigerator.In addition, if there is no food, they give minced chicken and liver, chicken eggs, minced fish, squid, veal heart and invertebrate meat. The fish are fed with cottage cheese, semolina porridge, green peas and an omelet. The listed products are pre-crushed.

    See how to properly feed aquarium fish with dry food.

    For example, a finely grated frozen beef heart will be enjoyed by most fish. This food is just a storehouse of easily digestible protein. It is used to feed voracious Astronotus and Discus. Mixing cooked shavings with a vitamin concentrate such as Trivit or Fishtamine will significantly enrich the diet.

    The squid is crushed into small shavings and fed in small portions. Squid fillet will fully provide the inhabitants of the aquarium with protein and vitamins for active development. Algae, vegetables (zucchini, cabbage), fruits, plants and cereals are used as plant food for herbivorous and omnivorous fish.

    How often to feed aquarium fish

    The diet depends on the age period and characteristics of each fish species. Based on this, determine how many times to feed the aquarium fish. Adult aquarium fish need two feeds a day, but you can get by with one meal. Fry up to two months of age eat 4 times a day, and in the first month of life, fry in the aquarium are fed 4-6 times.

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    For half a month before spawning, individuals increase the amount of live food. With the onset of spawning, the rate is reduced. In the first days after breeding, feeding is stopped. In the morning, feed should be given no earlier than 15 minutes after turning on the lighting. The optimal time is after 1 hour. Evening feeding is carried out 2-3 hours before bedtime. Catfish, agamix and other nocturnal inhabitants are fed at dusk, with the lights off. At this time, other fish in the aquarium are already sleeping.

    All inhabitants of the aquarium must be fed at the same time.

    Types of feed

    To feed domestic fish, branded, dry, frozen, live and plant food is suitable, which is recommended to alternate. You need to feed the fish so that the diet is varied, contains useful trace elements, vitamins and proteins.

    The optimal choice will be in favor of branded feed from a trusted manufacturer. It is versatile and suitable for almost all aquarium species. It contains a balanced formula of nutrients, vitamins, proteins and microelements. Popular food brands “Tetra”, “Sera”, JBL. The range includes food specifically for catfish, neon, goldfish, discus and universal. In terms of quality, the series of Russian feeds “Aqua-Menu” is not inferior to imported ones. The feed is produced in the form of flakes, granules or creeps. The use of pellets will help reduce contamination of the aquarium environment by leftovers.

    Dry food from dried cyclops, gammarus, daphnia is not suitable for daily feeding of fish due to the scarcity of nutritional components. How to feed fish in an aquarium with live food to avoid mistakes. Live food is used as a mandatory, regular feeding at intervals of every other day. Fish love it very much, it is nutritious and easy to digest. With such a diet, growth is accelerated and the brightness of the color increases.

    It should be borne in mind that this type of food is obtained from its natural habitat, therefore there is a high risk of infecting the biological environment of the aquarium. To avoid this, food is frozen before feeding to kill bacterial flora. Experienced aquarists harvest bloodworms by freezing them. Storage at t =.12 ° and below its color, appearance and taste are perfectly preserved, which is confirmed by the activity of the fish during feeding.

    Frozen food is a worthy alternative to live food. It keeps well and is conveniently dosed. A mixture of three common varieties of worms will provide aquarium fish with essential nutrients for health. Plant-based nutrition is a must as it is part of the fish’s natural habitat. Plant foods can be in their natural form, in tablets and flakes.

    How to properly feed aquarium fish

    Feeding the aquarium fish takes 3-5 minutes. During this time, the fish are already eating up, but they do not have time to overeat yet. And the food has not yet fallen to the bottom. You should adhere to the nutritional rule, which is better to underfeed than to overfeed and not to give more food than the norm.

    The feed must be completely eaten. Excess feed must be removed from the trough and caught with a net so that it does not settle and begins to rot. Decay processes spoil the water in the aquarium and lead to the development of harmful vegetation. The concentration of nitrates and ammonia in the water increases, fish and algae are poisoned. The fish must be provided with an amount of food per day at the rate of 5% of its weight. The size of the grains depends on the age and size of the individual.

    For fry, the food particles should not exceed the size of their eyes. Dry granulated feed, in the form of flakes or tablets, is crushed into dust. It is more convenient for adult fish to capture larger particles; dust is not suitable for them. It is convenient to use separate tanks for dry and live food, floating feeders. It is necessary to feed so that the food is evenly distributed in the aquarium and there is free access to active individuals and quiet people, as well as to bottom dwellers.

    How many times a day to feed the fish in the aquarium?

    How many times a day to feed the fish in the aquarium to keep them healthy and beautiful depends on their type and age. The feeding process is quite interesting to get carried away and toss another handful of flakes to the fish frolicking by the glass, which in an inexperienced aquarist can lead to water pollution and fish death. Therefore, it is important to develop your own feeding tactics and interaction with the aquarium world.

    How to compose a weekly diet

    How to feed fish in an aquarium so that the diet is varied and must include live food It is recommended to organize the nutrition of aquarium fish, adhering to the following scheme:

    • Only give dry food on Monday and Tuesday
    • On Wednesday feed with live food, bloodworms, brine shrimp
    • Thursday and Friday. dry food again
    • On Saturday, give live food, for example, tubifex or daphnia, with the addition of duckweed
    • Sunday to take away a hungry day

    Once a week, the inhabitants of the aquarium should have a hungry day. This contributes to the prevention of obesity, leading to the death of fish, increased sexual activity and recovery processes. Mini-fasting cleanses the intestines from the effects of overeating. Under natural conditions, fish live without food for a long time, so 1 day of fish can not be fed and a hunger strike will benefit them.

    The scheme can be adjusted at your discretion, but always with alternating types of feed. A variety of foods will allow you to grow healthy fish.

    The reason to think about the correct feeding regime is dirty water, excess vegetation and frequent fish diseases. The well-established biosystem has a clean aquarium and healthy colorful fish. Remember that the life span of the inhabitants of the aquarium depends on nutrition.

    How the number of times depends on age?

    The amount of food directly depends on the age of the inhabitants of the aquarium: if one or two feedings per day are enough for adult sexually mature individuals, then for fry (immature fish). much more.

    Since the young need a lot of energy for growth, the amount of food required should be about 15% of the total body weight of the fry. In other words, fry up to one month old are usually fed 1 time in 3. 5 hours, 1. 2 months old. 4. 5 times a day. Fasting days are contraindicated for them.

    What happens if you overfeed?

    Under natural conditions, a fish should make a lot of effort to fill its stomach. In an artificial reservoir, including in an aquarium, abundant food comes systematically, the fish does not have to spend time and effort searching for it.

    As a result, the fish, by nature a rather gluttonous creature, tries to eat all the food, and, as a result, begins to suffer from obesity, this disease immediately entails another. infertility. The final can be even more deplorable: the fish can die from the fact that their stomachs cannot digest a large amount of food eaten.

    In addition, when overfeeding, the remains of the food fall to the bottom of the aquarium, into the soil, and, decomposing, spoil the water: it becomes cloudy due to the rapid multiplication of microorganisms and turns into an ideal environment for various infections. Also, during the decomposition of microorganisms in water, oxygen is absorbed, and ammonia and nitrates are released, which can poison fish and plants.

    How many times a day do you need to feed the fish in the aquarium

    Inexperienced aquarists are constantly tormented by doubts: how to feed the fish, the better, when and how much, and whether there is enough food?

    In fact, the issue of nutrition for aquarium fish is very important, but, at the same time, it is absolutely simple. You just need to carefully study the main recommendations and systematically adhere to them.

    Main types of feed

    If everything became clear with periodicity, then with what to give them, not quite. There are four types of feed used by aquarists:

    Ideal if you combine all types of feed. In this case, your fish will be healthy and will give you aesthetic pleasure in the play of its colors. It is not excluded that the fish will eat only vegetable or only protein foods, it all depends on the breed of aquarium inhabitants. In natural nature, someone chooses a vegetarian lifestyle, and someone does not mind eating their own kind. But if you disassemble most of the fish, then it is better to use a mix of several foods. Store-bought branded food can be used as the main food, regularly please fish with live food and sometimes give plant food.

    Live food is the preferred option. Fish need to be given it regularly as an additional feeding every other day. Like humans, aquarium dwellers love a variety of foods, so try to alternate food whenever possible. The most common are the tubifex, bloodworm and coretra. The only but very significant disadvantage is that this type of food is most often obtained in the natural environment, which means that there is a possibility of introducing an infection into your body of water. The best thing to do before feeding the fish is to freeze it. This method kills a number of harmful bacteria.

    Plant food is an integral part of fish life in their natural environment. For most fish, you will have to try and prepare green food. Of course, it is stupid to feed predators with grass, but the rest will gladly feast on suitable greens for them. It is difficult to give general recommendations here, since different fish prefer different foods. There are several options for plant foods:

    • Pills;
    • Cereals;
    • Branded;
    • Natural.

    Natural include cucumber, zucchini or cabbage. This feeding will allow you to enjoy your clean aquarium with healthy and beautiful fish. With proper feeding, the lifespan of the fish increases.

    How Do I Know if I’m Feeding My Fish Enough?

    What happens if you underfeed?

    It is believed that a healthy adult fish can go without food for up to several weeks. However, experimenting is not worth it, it threatens with unpleasant consequences. From rare and scanty feeding, fish lose weight, their abdomens become sunken, their backs dry out. Everything can end with the fact that larger individuals will begin to attack smaller ones and simply eat them.

    The only exception for systematic feeding can be the spawning period. The diet of the fish at this time should look like this: two weeks before spawning, they must be well fed, especially with food of living origin, but during the spawning period, the amount of food can be reduced. Experienced aquarists do not feed them at all for several days.

    How often to feed?

    So how many times a day should the fish be fed to keep them healthy and live in the aquarium for a long time? The standard feeding scheme says: there should be as much food as the fish can eat in 3 to 5 minutes. A normal portion of food for an adult is 2. 5% of its total body weight. As for the frequency of feeding, experienced aquarists believe: 1-2 feedings per day are enough.

    Once a week, it is recommended to do a fasting day for the fish: do not feed them for a day so that their stomachs can be cleared of undigested food debris. But such a shake-up should not coincide with any other stressful event: cleaning the aquarium, changing water, etc.

    During vacation

    If you leave the aquarium unattended for a couple of weeks, use special food and automatic feeders with a dispenser. Briquette and capsule feeds dissolve slowly in water, providing nutrition for a long time. If you trust your friends to feed fish during your absence, tell them about how to care for the aquarium inhabitants. Equal portions of feed can be packaged to eliminate the risk of overfeeding and advice.

    With proper feeding, the fish are protected from disease. Healthy fish live longer, are brightly colored and mobile.