How dangerous are helminths for dogs
The law of the food chain condemns all living beings on the planet to parasitism, to a greater or lesser extent. Helminths are “immortal” masters of their craft, surviving at the expense of carriers, they produce up to 200 thousand eggs per day and find new hosts. It would seem that they were primitive creatures, but they managed to hit 25% of the people of the entire planet, how many animals suffered. it remains to be guessed.
The opinion that dogs infect people with worms, but people do not have pets. a myth! The most “popular” helminths are so widespread precisely because of their ability to adapt. In nature, there are worms parasitizing certain species, but their minority.
Most often, parasites enter the body through the mouth in the form of eggs. A protective film protects them from gastric juice, and once in the intestines, “guests” turn into larvae and go to a new “home”. The larvae can make long and difficult “journeys”, for this they penetrate into blood vessels and blood or go “on foot”, “gnawing” everything in their path. The death of a dog due to worms is not a myth!
Naturally, the degree of damage depends on the type of parasites, most often the following fall under the “blow”:
- Gastrointestinal tract.
- Heart and other muscles.
An all-encompassing list, don’t you think? Arriving at the “place”, the larvae parasitize and grow actively. Having reached puberty, they produce new eggs, which are carried through the body with the blood, go out into the world with feces and find new “hosts”. The growth cycle takes from 24 hours to 3 months. It is important to understand that worms are a “family disease”, all people in contact, dogs, cats, ferrets and other pets become infected from each other.
It is easy to calculate that a dog that has been affected by worms for a year or more has an impressive “bouquet of guests”.
Anthelmintic for dogs. everything an owner needs to know
“War” with worms is an “inconvenient” topic that should be raised, discussed and studied by every owner of the tailed pet. If a dog lives in your house, no matter what size or breed it is, whether the pet walks on the street or “walks” to the litter box, it is a living creature, which means that it is subject to “attacks” by helminths. It is important to understand how to choose and use an anthelmintic for dogs, why it is necessary to do it and what it can lead to ignoring such a simple rule.
The dog is infected with helminths, how to act correctly
So, given that it is almost impossible to acquire a “clean” pet, consider the algorithm of actions:
- Puppies are contraindicated to take anthelmintic before reaching the permissible age, 4-6 weeks. According to the rules, the bitch undergoes deworming before pregnancy, check if the breeders have missed this moment.
- Before vaccination, worms are expelled without fail. If your puppy is still small, but may be infected, be sure to notify the doctor! The animal will pick up a gentle remedy.
- Invasion. the most turbulent period of life and reproduction of parasites takes place in February and March (this also applies to people). “Worms” during this period is more effective. Prophylactically, events are carried out once every 3-6 months.
- You can drive parasites only if the pet has no fleas and is completely healthy! Otherwise, the condition will worsen.
- If the dog has a swollen belly or other abnormalities, the drug is given under the supervision of a doctor.
- “Problematic” breeds and allergy sufferers can strongly react to anthelmintic drugs. It is necessary to discuss with the veterinarian how often to give anthelmintic to the dog, which drug and its dose.
Deworming is carried out simultaneously for all pets living in one dwelling.
Strategic guidance for deworming
Strategic deworming of dogs and cats. it is a practice recommended by the American Association of Veterinary Parasitologists (AAVP) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Hide in food
An easy way for those who are afraid to climb into the dog’s mouth. If the dog is not yours or just behaves aggressively, it is better to give pills in this way.
Place the tablet in a regular meal or wrap it in a piece of minced meat. It happens that the dog looks for pills and leaves them. To prevent this from happening, try to wrap the pill tighter so that the dog swallows this piece whole. You can use cheese. Dogs love it and will likely swallow it immediately.
Cyril To stuff in food with mine is a dead number. Even if it is chopped into wet feed, it will still leave. I don’t know how, but he’s looking for it. He doesn’t seem to have a particularly sharp nose or something like that, but he still somehow doesn’t eat the pills, even if they are delicious. Anthelmintic “Prazitel” in our country, the most poison, from the point of view of the dog, are.
Give the dog any command, for example, “sit.” The dog will think it will receive the usual reward and swallow the pill hidden in the food.
Which drug to choose
All drugs against worms have a similar active substance, the release forms can be very different for the convenience of taking them before vaccination:
- pills are the most traditional form, most often taken by adults and advanced animals. Their dosage is calculated depending on the weight, and you can give them by crumbling into food;
- drops for the withers. the most modern remedy, is well absorbed through the skin and does two things at once. expels worms and external parasites;
- suspensions. they are prescribed mainly for small puppies. Their action is less strong, and such drugs are injected with a syringe.
How to Deworm your puppies at Home
The instructions for each drug indicate how many days it takes to worm the dog before vaccination, but in most cases this period does not exceed 2 weeks.
When you need to re-deworm your dog before vaccination?
If you see traces of worms in the puppy’s feces, then the vaccination must be postponed. To rid the dog of parasites, the anthelmintic must be given again twice with an interval of 10-14 days. This rule is based on knowledge of the biology of worms, since worm eggs are more resistant to toxins than adults. In two weeks, they will develop into more mature forms, susceptible to damage from the active substances of the anthelmintic. So you will achieve a complete cleansing of the body from parasites.
In case of severe helminthic infestation, do not panic too much. call our center and get a free consultation from a class veterinarian. You may need to pass tests to accurately determine the pathogen and prescribe the most effective treatment. It is best to show the dog to the doctor by making a home visit. This is especially true when you observe diarrhea or constipation in your pet, vomiting and worms in the feces.
10 days after re-giving the medication, if you are convinced that everything is in order, the dog is completely healthy, you can agree on the next vaccination date.
How many days before the re-vaccination should the anthelmintic be given. After the puppy has been vaccinated two weeks before revaccination, it is necessary that you once again proglist the pet.
When you can’t vaccinate?
Veterinarians of the Svoy Doctor network of veterinary clinics do not recommend vaccinating in the following situations:
- temperature rise over 39.2 °;
- acute illness or exacerbation of chronic;
- recent surgery or physical injury;
- acquired immunodeficiency;
- physical exhaustion;
- planned mating;
- age up to two months;
Tapeworms in dogs
Tapeworms in dogs most often result from ingestion of a host animal or object containing tapeworm eggs. Tapeworms attach to the dog’s small intestine by clinging to the wall with a sharp, hook-like mouth. Dogs that spend time outdoors are at increased risk of tapeworm infestation, as the infestation and infestation process shows:
- Tapeworm eggs attach to flea larvae through in-situ contact
- The dog comes into contact with host flea larvae through skin or oral contact.
- On skin contact, the dog bites and licks to fight off the biting flea, which can cause the ingestion of tapeworm eggs, which will become tapeworms
- Upon oral contact, the dog completely swallows the flea, and during digestion, the flea turns into a tapeworm in the intestines
Tapeworms in dogs feed on partially digested food in the intestines, which deprives the dog of much-needed nutrients and vitamins (at least), so it is extremely important to understand how to identify tapeworms in dogs so that if your canine friend becomes the owner, he or she will not stay like this for a long time:
- Dried tapeworm segments in dogs, approx. 1/16 inch, should be clearly visible around the anus or stick to the coat on the hindquarters of the host dog. They should be firm to the touch and golden in color.
We recommend that you contact your veterinarian immediately if you suspect or observe any symptoms of tapeworms in dogs. There are very effective forms of oral and injectable drugs that we can prescribe, but stopping and intervening early in the infection significantly improves the prognosis of complete recovery.
How to prevent canine worms
Fortunately, a variety of preventive measures can be taken to help reduce the risk of infection and spread of canine worms in humans, dogs, and other family members. Some preventive measures to reduce the risk of worm infection in dogs include:
- Initial treatment for all puppies at 3 weeks of age
- Treatment of lactating females along with their droppings in the event that worms in dogs were not detected in a previous study of feces
- Monthly treatment for canine worms taken year round as directed by your veterinarian
- Stool examinations performed 2-4 times a year depending on lifestyle such as hunting and geographic location
- Rapid detection and intervention in the form of a dog degressor
- Clean up feces in your backyard periodically, at least 2-3 times a week
- In public parks, playgrounds and dog parks, dispose of faeces immediately with hygiene gloves and airtight bags.
- Improving sanitation in the home, including limiting internal exposure to contaminated soil, faeces and / or pets
- Improving hygiene in public places, especially with children, by limiting or preventing contact with potentially contaminated objects, places, animals or people
The following publications:
Types of anthelmintics
Anthelmintic drugs for dogs are provided in the form of tablets, drops, suspensions. Each dog breeder, after choosing a good anthelmintic drug, can independently begin treatment (or prevention) of his pet.
The choice of drug will depend on several factors. The most important factor is the age of the pet. Let’s take a closer look at the types of drugs for worms. The most commonly used antihelminthic drug comes in tablets. What good remedy is preferable to choose? Most often, veterinarians recommend these tablets:
- tablets for dogs Milbemax. An effective agent aimed at the destruction of intestinal nematodes and cestodes. This remedy is contraindicated in small puppies (up to 2 weeks old), dogs with hypersensitivity to the components, and those in which there are disturbances in the functioning of internal organs (liver, kidneys);
- Caniquantel tablets for dogs. An often recommended remedy. Good efficacy and rarely seen side effects. The drug is contraindicated in pregnant women. Puppies up to 3 weeks old;
- tablets for dogs Drontal. Quite a popular inexpensive remedy. The drug is contraindicated during pregnancy, as well as in animals that have sensitivity to the main components of the tablet.
Also anthelmintic drugs are presented in the form of drops and suspensions:
- Аdvocate. drops on the withers. Single use for medicinal purposes, and for prophylaxis once a month. It is forbidden to use puppies (under 6 weeks old), animals weakened by diseases;
- Procox. suspension from worms. It is forbidden to use the drug in animals that have disturbances in the functioning of internal organs (liver, kidneys), have recently given birth, as well as small puppies (younger than 2 weeks).
How often can dogs be given drugs?
Many sources say that pets should be worm-free every 90 days. But is such a frequent intake of the drug safe for the animal??
It must be borne in mind that all drugs for the fight against worms are a toxic poison that affects not only parasites, but also the animal’s body. And even frequent use of the drug will not completely rid your dog of worms.
Expelling parasites once every 2-3 months can harm the dog’s health with toxic agents contained in any drug.
If your dog looks healthy, has a good appetite, there are no external signs that helminths have started in its body, and it is impossible to carry out laboratory tests to confirm or deny this, then you can use drugs for prevention once every six months.
And in order for the process of expelling parasites from the body to be most effective, and least painful for the animal, drugs can be given to improve the functioning of the liver and kidneys. Since it is these organs that perform the main work of removing toxins from the body.
Signs that your pet has become infected with worms
The most accurate way to find out if your pet is infected with parasites is through laboratory tests. The most reliable, but also the most time-consuming method, therefore, few lovers of their pets carry out such a diagnosis.
Parasites are very dangerous for pets and can lead to dire consequences. The larvae of helminths, entering the body in the form of eggs, penetrate the bloodstream and further spread throughout all internal organs.
All this is very harmful for your pet. If there is no way to get tested, then how to find out if your pet is infected?
DEWORMING DOGS. 5 Reasons it is Important
Here are some of the symptoms that will help you understand that you need to buy anthelmintics for dogs:
- problems with going to the toilet;
- the chair is constantly changing;
- the animal loses weight, but at the same time actively eats;
- lack of appetite;
- hiccups while eating;
- deterioration in the appearance of the dog;
- parasites can pass through feces and vomit.
The presence of helminths in small puppies can be indicated by a swollen belly, protruding ribs.
The fight against helminths is a very important topic that every owner of a four-legged pet should think about and anthelmintic for dogs should be in every first-aid kit. Most pet owners believe that only a street animal can get sick with worms. This is the most common misconception.
According to statistics, about 70% of pets suffer from helminths. There are types of helminths that parasitize a certain species, but they are in minority compared to the total number of worms. What means can you deal with them?
Intoxication while taking the drug
All drugs against worms are toxic to one degree or another. It is difficult to predict the first time how badly your dog will tolerate such a procedure.
If you see such alarming symptoms after taking an anthelmintic drug, such as lack of appetite, rejection of water, inability to go to the toilet, this all indicates the onset of intoxication.
- Excessive toxicity of this drug.
- Decay of dead parasites inside the animal.
If you observe in your dog such symptoms as severe salivation, vomiting, wrong color of mucous membranes, shaky gait, low temperature, slow breathing, watery diarrhea. you need to take immediate action:
- If the animal was able to empty the intestines, it is necessary to examine the feces for the presence of parasites. If they are not there, then there is a high probability that the worms have curled into a ball, and it cannot come out naturally, it is necessary to give a laxative.
- Induce vomiting if symptoms of poisoning occur.
- Give your dog an absorbent tablet.
In any case, the best solution is always to show the dog to a specialist. Not always a person can correctly assess the situation and notice the little things that will help diagnose the problem in full.
The use of anthelmintic drugs
And if you are not sure that your animal is infected, it’s time to figure out when and how to give anthelmintic drugs to your pet correctly.
Deworming your dogs, how many times and how important is it !!
Untimely use of drugs can harm your animal:
- taking anthelmintic drugs is contraindicated in small puppies (up to 4-6 weeks of age);
- pregnant bitches;
- in the presence of other parasites (such as fleas and ticks).
The first time an anthelmintic is given to a puppy at the age of 2 months, before the first vaccination. For everything to go well, it is important to follow the rules:
- A week before giving the dog an anthelmintic, it is necessary to treat for fleas.
- The drug should be taken in the morning before eating.
- The dose cannot be increased, it is necessary to act strictly according to the instructions.
- Repeated medication is prohibited, even if the animal has not ingested the drug. In this case, you can give the dog anthelmintic again, but not earlier than after 2 months.
- 1-2 hours after taking the drug for worms, it is better to give the dog some kind of absorbent.
- 5-6 hours after taking the anthelmintic drug, the animal should go to the toilet.
- Make sure your puppy always has clean water because anthelmintics can dehydrate the body.
An anthelmintic must be given to a pet before vaccination. The body weakened by parasites can react negatively to the vaccine, or not develop proper immunity.
What useful have you learned?
Now you have a general overview of how to use anthelmintic drugs for your dog.
- it is impossible to vaccinate an animal with worms under any circumstances, regardless of age;
- if your pet’s body is weakened, then an additional one, such as vaccinations, will only worsen your pet’s condition;
- anthelmintic for dogs before vaccination should be given 2-3 weeks before vaccination;
- it is important to treat the dog against skin parasites: fleas and ticks before using anthelmintic drugs;
- when observing a dog intoxication or poisoning, you need to induce vomiting, and give the dog absorbents, but it is better to immediately consult a veterinarian, he will tell you exactly what is with your pet.
Attention, care and love are essential keys to a happy and long life for your pet. be attentive to the hairy, and he will not remain in debt to you.