Broad Spectra Worm Tablets
One way to treat worms in pets is to regularly use worm pills such as Drontal Plus. They are suitable for the treatment of both round and tapeworms. Also, their action goes beyond the scope of the anthelmintic drug, since Drontal plus also acts on the simplest. lamblia. Talk to your veterinarian about treating your dog for pulmonary worms. For example, the drug Advocate may be prescribed for this purpose.
Worms in dogs: symptoms, types, different forms of prevention
Prevention is better than cure, especially when it comes to worms in dogs. There are several ways you can keep your dog free of worm infestations, from keeping your dog’s designated area clean to regular treatment for worms.
Worms in a dog can appear at any time. This is common if you have a pet, but fortunately, worms are fairly easy to get rid of. However, even before the problem arises, you can take preventive measures. Here are some of the most common methods for preventing worms in dogs.
Monitor your dog’s overall well-being
As well as using drugs for worms, it is also important to keep the area where your dog lives and plays clean. Most dogs become infected with worms by ingesting their eggs with contaminated soil or by contact with other pets. Therefore, the cleaner your pets are, the less likely they are to swallow parasites when licking their fur. Regular cleaning of feces from the street behind your dog is also important, this will also help reduce the spread of helminth infections.
What are worms?
Worms are parasites that infect your pet and can lead to serious health problems. What kind of worms do dogs have? There are several types of worms: intestinal, pulmonary, cardiac. Symptoms of worms in dogs can include diarrhea, vomiting, irritation, stunted growth, and anemia (anemia), and some of the symptoms can be serious if not addressed in time.
Fortunately, there are several different methods you can use to help keep your dog from getting lung, intestinal, and heart worms.
Spot-on drops on the withers from fleas
An easy-to-use, topical Spot-on treatment like Advantage Withers for Dogs works against fleas. Fleas are carriers of some tapeworms, so such a drug is a way to prevent the development of this problem. Please note that Advantage is applied when the dog is in a standing position. Then move the wool apart and apply the contents of the pipette between the shoulder blades, following the instructions for the preparation.
Do you know that…
Every four out of five living beings on planet Earth is a round worm. The largest of these, Placentonema gigantissima, can reach 9 meters in length and live in the placenta of sperm whales.
What should be effective prevention of worms in dogs
Preventive measures need to be taken simultaneously in three areas:
- process food before feeding;
- regularly give your pet antiparasitic agents;
- once a year, donate the dog’s feces for analysis.
Raw meat, fish, fruits, vegetables are processed before feeding. You do not need to boil the meat so that it does not lose its useful properties, but simply wash it and pour it over with boiling water or put it in the freezer for 2-3 days. Experts advise boiling river and sea fish. Fruits, vegetables, berries must be washed well before feeding.
IMPORTANT! Drug prophylaxis against worms begins early: the drug should be given to a 3–4 week old puppy. After the procedure is repeated every 3 months. for the whole life of the dog.!
ADVICE FROM THE VETERINARY In addition, antiparasitic drugs are given to dogs 10 days before vaccination. Particular attention is paid to the prevention of worms in bitches: they are given medicine 15 days before estrus, if mating is planned, and also, without fail, 14 days after childbirth.
Preventive medications are usually placed in food, poured into the dog’s mouth with a spoon or syringe without a needle.
Laboratory analysis of feces is carried out once a year, but it is impossible to calm down and even more so stop prophylaxis if a negative result is obtained, because:
- not all types of worms are found in feces;
- at the time of check, the worms may not reach puberty or be in a dormant phase of development, which makes it impossible to detect them.
Therefore, it is always worth observing the condition of the dog in order to suspect the appearance of parasites in time.
How to tell if a dog has worms
Prevention reduces the likelihood of infection, but cannot give a full guarantee, so you should still pay attention to the appearance of common signs of worms:
- The dog eats more than usual, but at the same time noticeably loses weight or does not gain it.
- Mucous membranes turn pale, activity decreases markedly. symptoms of anemia.
- The coat loses its former shine, for no particular reason looks disheveled.
- The animal periodically swallows inedible items.
- Mucus, blood, parasites are found in feces.
- The animal begins to alternate between constipation and diarrhea.
- Vomiting. often seen in worm-infected puppies.
- A distended abdomen. also common in sick puppies.
- Frequent appearance of skin diseases.
- The dog rolls on the floor, combing the anus.
IMPORTANT! Adult dogs may not show symptoms of worms. Therefore, do not be surprised if the veterinarian announces an unpleasant diagnosis, double-check if you see fit, and start treatment immediately.
Where do dog worms come from??
Pets find parasite eggs in raw meat and fish, grass, dirty vegetables and fruits.
If you do not follow the dog for a walk, it can become infected through water from a puddle or some dirty, but edible, in her opinion, find.
Many are surprised to find worms in puppies. Here you need to know that they can be infected from the mother, through the placenta. If this does not happen, it is possible that the eggs of parasites will enter the puppy’s body after his birth, through milk.
Carriers of worms can be other animals and even insects: flies, cockroaches, fleas.
Obviously, it is physically impossible for its owner to protect a dog from worms, but correct, PERMANENT prevention solves many problems.
Why small worms are dangerous for large animals?
Parasites, being in the body of the “host”, secrete toxic toxins and eat nutrients that are not intended for them at all.
If the disease is started and the worms multiply unhindered, the intestines may become clogged, which is fraught with intoxication. Worms are especially dangerous for puppies: their poisoning due to their small size occurs many times faster, infection can even cause developmental delays.
Dead parasites also bring harm: after death, they straighten, harden and affect the walls of the organs in which they are.
IMPORTANT! Worms live not only in the organs of the digestive tract. There are about 80 types of parasites, and they thrive in the tissues of the lungs, heart, liver, muscles, even the brain. That is why one cannot ignore prevention, look for parasites only in feces, skipping other symptoms of worms in a dog, treat the pet on your own, including with medications intended for humans.
Worms in dogs. prevention, symptoms, treatment
Whether we calm down or not, it is unlikely that it will be possible to avoid infection with worms of a pet. Worms in animals are not uncommon, but you should not relax either. It is necessary to constantly carry out prevention, to closely monitor the health of the dog. We are going to talk about this, as well as about the danger of helminths, sources of infection and methods of treatment.
Treatment of worms in dogs
It is advisable to treat the animal with the participation of a veterinarian: only he will be able to prescribe a drug acting on a certain type of parasite, take action if the dog begins to develop complications.
ADVICE FROM THE VETERINARY It is imperative to adhere to the instructions supplied with the drug and / or given by the doctor. If the treatment regimen provides, for example, two doses of the drug with an interval of 14 days, you cannot retreat from it, motivating the improvement of the dog’s condition, the absence of parasites in the feces, etc. Particular attention should be paid to the dosage and contraindications of the drug.
A single dose of anthelmintic drugs may not be enough to treat dogs for worms. Dead parasites living in the digestive tract must leave the body, otherwise intoxication will begin. If this does not happen naturally, for example, there were a lot of worms and the intestines are clogged, the dog should be given a laxative or an enema. Often in young dogs, against the background of helminthic infection, an infection begins, which requires the initiation of additional treatment. It is also important to take action in time if poisoning has begun.
Regular prophylaxis, early detection of symptoms and treatment of worms mean a lot to a dog’s health. Many problems can be avoided by always remembering the danger of infection and following the above recommendations.
Worms in dogs
All living organisms in nature are interconnected with each other. They form sequential food chains, symbiosis and dependencies that allow maintaining the diversity of species and maintaining a constant renewal of the biosphere. Evolution is the reason for the emergence of complex multicellular organisms with a large number of adaptations that help them survive under the conditions of natural selection. And the strongest survives. Therefore, some animals have chosen the most simple and primitive way of life. parasitism, existence at the expense of the resources of another organism.
As a rule, “babies” are parasites in nature. microorganisms, worms, insects that settle in the host’s body, harm it, often causing the development of a disease (parasitosis). Worms are internal parasites (other names are helminths, worms), the habitat of which is the organs and tissues of an infected dog. The main place where helminths parasitize is the gastrointestinal tract, more often the small intestine, but some of them can settle in the liver, gall bladder, lungs, blood vessels, under the skin. Worms can affect the brain, muscles, and even the eyes.
A common misconception of owners is that if a dog is domestic, walks on a harness, eats from a bowl and sleeps on a pillow, then it cannot become infected with worms (helminths). over, a pet in the house, even in the absence of constant walking, is always a risk factor for human infection with helminths.
Infection with helminths in a dog
Worms enter the dog’s body from the environment. They damage organs and tissues, cause inflammatory and allergic reactions with the occurrence of helminthiasis. a disease caused by helminths. Worms go through several stages of development (development cycle): egg, larva, adult.
To continue their race, the worms must leave the host’s body and enter the external environment. Adult females lay eggs, which with feces, urine, and animal secretions go out into the environment and get into the soil, water, plants, surfaces, and may even be on the animal’s fur. For the development of helminth eggs, a favorable environment, moisture and warmth are needed. A larva hatches from the egg, which matures and becomes capable of infecting the dog. The dog swallows the larva; in the dog’s body, it grows to an adult, which begins to lay eggs. This is a direct cycle of parasite development.
In some helminths, for the appearance of the larval stage, an egg with a larva or a larva in the environment must enter the body of another intermediary (intermediate) host, sometimes there can be several of them, they can be mollusks, insects, small rodents. In the organism of the mediator, a larva appears from the egg, which parasitizes in organs and tissues and undergoes a series of transformations, is released into the environment or remains in the organism of the intermediate host. A dog, eating a mollusk, a rodent or in contact with the waste products of an intermediate host, becomes infected with helminth larvae. In the body of the dog (in this case, the final owner), an adult grows from the larva, which begins to reproduce. And the cycle repeats again. The presence of an intermediate in infection by larvae is noted with an indirect cycle of parasite development.
Modern methods of treatment
As a rule, the treatment of helminthiasis is carried out with the help of various antiglust preparations (tablets, suspensions, drops on the withers). So that after taking the medicine, the dead parasites completely leave the dog’s body, it can be given a mild laxative. Also, veterinarians often prescribe drugs that prevent blood clotting so that the destroyed helminths and their larvae do not clog the blood vessels. If the helminthiasis was severe enough, dogs are shown to drink a course of vitamins and minerals, including iron, to increase hemoglobin levels.
However, there are times when medicines alone are no longer enough: if there are too many helminths, they can cause intestinal obstruction or block the airways. In these cases, only urgent surgery can save the dog.
Symptoms of the appearance of worms in dogs
The appearance of worms in dogs can be calculated by a number of external signs. So, for example, if you notice that the dog began to lose weight, but at the same time eats for two, you should be wary. With a large number of parasites in the body, the dog may also show signs of anemia: pale gums and a whitish inner eyelid. At the same time, the coat becomes dull and as if powdered with dust, the dog may show signs of anxiety due to the fact that it experiences constant itching in the anus, and it is quite difficult to scratch it. Sometimes she tries to scratch herself on the floor, for which she “rides on the priest”. In worm-affected puppies, the belly usually looks very swollen. most often this can be seen in small mongrels.
When infected with ascaris in dogs, a wet cough is periodically observed. There may also be other manifestations specific to this particular parasite, of which there are a great many.
Prevention of the appearance of worms in dogs at home
Those who first learn about the diversity of the world of parasites and their ingenious ways of infecting animals have the impression that there is no way to escape from them, and all of us. both people and dogs. do not even have a chance to avoid helminthiases, because parasites are literally everywhere. This, of course, is not entirely true. If things were so hopeless, we, together with our four-legged friends, would have died out even in the days of medieval unsanitary conditions. Do not forget about the immune forces of the body, which is able to resist helminthic invasions and prevent parasites from multiplying very much.
However, this does not mean that you can completely close your eyes to the problem. And, of course, first of all, you need to regularly give the dog antihelminthic drugs. In addition, you need to carefully monitor that your dog does not pick up anything on the street, and limit his contact with stray relatives. And, of course, keep the house clean.
How often do you need to worm your puppy?
For the first time, puppies are worms at the age of 3 to 4 weeks. It is imperative to carry out the procedure before the first vaccination. If the baby was from a home breeding, then you may need only a single injection of the drug.
If the baby is outdoors, then before you proglist the puppy, you need to consult with a specialist. It may be necessary to carry out several procedures before vaccination to cleanse from parasites.
Note! The puppy’s body is more susceptible to various diseases and infections, so veterinarians recommend giving the baby drugs every three months until the dog reaches one year of age.
The veterinarian will recommend the appropriate drug
Why worms should be supervised by a veterinarian
Before worming a dog, it is wise to visit your veterinarian. In the clinic, the doctor will take all the necessary tests from the pet, conduct an examination. Based on the results of the examination, the doctor will suggest the most suitable drug and accurately calculate the appropriate dosage and frequency of administration.
All medicines for worms are calculated based on the weight of the dog. For example, for pets of small breeds. Yorkshire Terriers, French Bulldogs, Spitz, Chihuahuas and others, the dose of the medication will be much less than for large dogs. retrievers, Labradors, German shepherds, huskies. In addition, a difference in the preparations themselves for Yorkies and, for example, Rottweilers, is not excluded. When calculating the dosage of the dog, it is imperative to weigh.
Unfortunately, it is quite difficult to do this at home, and an approximately calculated dose is dangerous for the animal’s body. Therefore, it is recommended to visit a specialist and follow all his instructions.
What drugs for worms are
There are many drugs available to proglist a dog. It can be a means of complex action or a specific focus, helping to cope with one type of worms. The doctor selects the drug based on the characteristics of the dog.
Anthelmintic medicines are available in different forms:
- drops on the tongue or on the withers;
In most cases, veterinarians recommend the use of pills. Suspensions are great for puppies. Drops on the withers are easy to use, no need to think about how to give the dog medicine.
Injections from worms are given only by veterinarians in case the infection is quite serious and the use of other means will give a negligible result.
Injections are used in especially severe cases.
The most popular drugs for worms are the following:
- Azipirin. Release form. tablets. Helps to deal with flat and round vermin. The advantage is the low toxicity for the animal, so in some cases it is possible to give it to pregnant females. For puppies it is allowed to use from 4 weeks.
- Dehinel Plus. The drug helps to get rid of round and tape parasites. The medicine can be used only for dogs of large and medium breeds, for pregnant animals from the second half of gestation only with the permission of a doctor. Puppies are allowed such a remedy only from 7 weeks under the supervision of a veterinarian.
- “Prazitel”. However, of the best known remedies, it has a broad effect against many types of parasites. Suitable for dogs of any size. It is produced in the form of tablets and suspensions for puppies. Not permissible for pregnant, malnourished animals, and puppies under 2 weeks of age.
- Drontal Plus. It does not require special preparation for admission, it is allowed to use the medication as a prophylactic agent. Not suitable for small breed puppies and pregnant dogs.
- “Helmimax”. The medicine is available in three dosage types, depending on the weight and size of the breed. Veterinarians are allowed to use the drug for pregnant animals, but no later than 3 weeks before labor. It has a pleasant smell, so feeding it to a dog is quite simple.
The drugs are different, so it is not recommended to choose on your own.
For worming also use “Kanikvantel”, “Milbemax”, “Pirantel” and other means. Some people use folk methods as anthelmintics. However, it is important to know that such methods at best will not give the desired effect, at worst they will be dangerous for the animal.
Attention! The use of “Dekaris” is possible only after consulting a doctor and determining the permissible dosage.
What happens if you neglect worming
If you do not carry out preventive treatment, then the parasites will constantly multiply and release toxic substances into the animal’s body. The waste products of worms provoke inflammatory processes in the internal organs and systems of the pet. The dog becomes more susceptible to various infections and diseases, the immune system weakens.
You can put the medicine in the treats and give it to the dog.
Attention! Worms are transmitted from dogs to humans, so not only the pet is at risk, but also the people around it.
Symptoms indicating the need to worm the dog
The fact that a dog is infected with parasites can be found out by paying attention to its behavior. There are several general symptoms that the animal has parasites in the body:
- stool problem (constipation is followed by diarrhea);
- increased appetite (with low weight) or lack of desire to eat;
- the presence of hiccups;
- periodic vomiting after eating;
- difficulty swallowing;
- “riding” on the priest is periodically noted;
- skin diseases;
- poor general condition.
With a serious infection, it is possible to find particles of worms in the feces. Small puppies have a bloated belly, but the ribs are quite visible. If untreated, worms can leave the animal when vomiting. Having noticed such signs, it is recommended to visit a specialist so that he selects the appropriate medicines.
Parasites from an adult dog can be transmitted to puppies and humans
Useful tips and rules
It is possible to carry out deworming only after consulting a specialist. Self-administration of various drugs can cause negative consequences.
The drug should be given 3 hours before or 2 hours after feeding. If your dog doesn’t want to take pills, you can try mixing them with a small amount of a treat or food.
You cannot buy unknown medicines that are not credible. It is important to always follow your doctor’s recommendations to avoid causing more serious harm to the animal. Before proglisting the dog, it is required to check the expiration date and make sure that the dosage is correct.
Condition after cleaning: norm and deviations
After deworming, it is important to observe the condition of the dog in order to notice possible deviations in time. Taking the medicine leads to the death of parasites, which release toxic substances into the animal’s body, tablets are also not very useful. Suspicious signs after the procedure include the following:
- problems with coordination and gait;
- convulsive manifestations;
- dilated pupils;
- increased saliva production;
- vomiting, severe diarrhea;
- pale or bluish mucous membranes;
- lack of appetite, refusal of water;
- inability to go to the toilet.
If such symptoms occur, it is required to provoke vomiting in the dog, then give the dog an adsorbent to drink. If the pet’s condition does not improve, then an urgent need to consult a doctor.
After choosing a drug, it is necessary to correctly calculate the dosage. This is done based on the weight of the animal. The instruction for each medicine contains a detailed scheme and recommendations for use. There is an indication of what dosage is needed per 1 kg of animal weight.
It is strictly forbidden to change doctor’s prescriptions, exceeding or underestimating the amount of funds.
Male dogs can be given drugs for parasites at any time. Bitches are different.
Anthelmintic procedures are mandatory in some situations:
- Cleaning the animal from parasites is mandatory 2 weeks before vaccination. The vaccine weakens the immune system for a while. Worms during this period can become active and cause irreparable harm to the dog.
- Etching worms before mating (about 15 days before estrus).
- In families where a dog lives and a child is expected, prophylactic treatment of worms is recommended. This will protect the baby from infection.
Medicines for parasites are prohibited for pregnant and lactating bitches.
For old and sick animals, the procedures for etching worms are not carried out: their body will not tolerate the action of toxic substances.
Do not prescribe drugs for worms in young dogs during the period of illness. Their use is justified 2 weeks after complete recovery.
Preparations for worms
Anthelmintic drugs contain substances that destroy adult worms. Antihelminthics are available in the form of drops, paste, tablets, gel, suspension.
It is important to remember that it is impossible to completely rid the animal of worms, since it is in daily contact with sources of infection: earth, dust, grass, water, relatives. But pickling parasites at least 2 times a year can preserve the health of the pet, protect the owner from infection.
Deworming: is this procedure mandatory?
The degree of manifestation of symptoms depends on the intensity of the invasion.
Choosing a drug
For a safe procedure, special preparations for puppies are chosen. The packaging must be marked accordingly. Medicines Elanco, Milbemax meet these requirements.
Pumpkin Seeds For Dogs (Treating & Preventing Worms in Dogs Naturally)
It should be noted that all drugs work according to different schemes; reapplication may be required. If you comply with all the requirements, the deworming procedure is effective.
Signs of helminthiasis
It is not difficult to determine that an animal is infected with parasites. There are characteristic clinical signs of the presence of helminths in the dog’s body.
- significant weight loss with good appetite;
- pallor of the mucous membranes;
- decreased activity;
- unkempt wool. dull, tousled;
- profuse shedding;
- constipation alternates with diarrhea;
- vomiting for no reason;
- rashes on the skin;
- bloated belly;
- mucus, blood appears in the animal’s feces.
The pet can brush the anus while rolling on the floor.
Treatment and prevention of worms in dogs
It is absolutely impossible to protect a dog from infection with worms. Helminth eggs are everywhere. on the hands of people, on the ground and grass, on vegetables, in meat and fish, in the stairwell and even on the floor that has just been washed. But the existing preventive measures and complex pills for worms for dogs allow you to save your pet from parasites. What to do to protect yourself and your pets from gnawing, sucking swarming creepy reptiles?
If you are not in the least embarrassed by the idea that worms literally eat the dog from the inside, think about the harm that these parasites do:
- severe allergic reactions;
- poisoning of the body with toxins, waste products and decaying corpses of helminths;
- mechanical damage to the walls of the intestines, internal organs;
- anemia, exhaustion, poor digestibility of food, frequent diarrhea and vomiting;
- if the intestine is ruptured or blocked, the pet may die.
Therefore, the opinion that worms are “natural neighbors” and there is no need to fight them is dangerous and erroneous. Many helminths are transmitted to humans, which means that remedies for worms for dogs preserve the health of all family members. Helminths reduce immunity, and this is an increased risk of infections. Many types provoke chronic ailments of internal organs.
Prevention of helminthiasis in puppies
Worms are especially dangerous for young animals and puppies. Babies infected with helminths can die in just a couple of weeks! Therefore, the fight against worms begins before the onset of symptoms and in any case, even if the droppings are kept sterile (puppies can become infected in utero, directly from the mother or through milk).
The first time a syrup, paste or suspension from worms is given to babies at the age of 3 weeks. The drug must be designed specifically for puppies or the instructions must indicate that the drug can be used from three weeks of age. The tablets are inconvenient to divide by weight and inconvenient to feed to babies, therefore the liquid form is preferable (as a rule, there is a syringe with divisions in the box). Do not forget to weigh the puppies. any anthelmintics are given strictly by weight. The second time the same remedy is used 10 days before the first vaccination.
But usually these worries fall on the shoulders of the breeder, and the baby gets to the owner when he has already been vaccinated. Together with the puppy, the breeder will give instructions that should be followed: each breeder has its own scheme, and you should not use an anthelmintic once again. If you picked up a puppy on the street, contact your veterinarian. even the mildest drugs for worms can seriously harm if there are too many parasites (intoxication, blockage, intestinal perforation).
- choose a comprehensive product of a well-known brand without saving on purchase;
- read the instructions and follow the manufacturer’s recommendations, even if they seem insignificant. The annotation always says how and what to do to maximize the effectiveness of the drug;
- weigh the dog and calculate the dosage as carefully as possible;
- do not forget to examine feces within three days after deworming. If there are many dead parasites in the feces, a lot of mucus, incomprehensible clots, the treatment must be repeated after 10 days;
- all modern drugs do not cause any symptoms, complications, side effects. But there is a possibility of individual intolerance to the component, so monitor your pet’s well-being. See your veterinarian at the slightest sign of discomfort.
Since a dog is easy to get rid of worms only if the infection has occurred recently, follow the deworming schedule. This will completely protect your pet from harm caused by helminths. In order not to accidentally make a mistake and do not give the remedy again, make notes in the veterinary passport.
Protection of adult dogs
Just a couple of decades ago, dogs were treated for parasites only after tests. The drugs were toxic, and there were no safe complex remedies at all. Today, prevention is not difficult, and the choice of quality drugs is very wide. But even the best remedy cannot rid the dog of its nasty “neighbors” forever.
In order for the bitch to bear and give birth to healthy puppies, treatment is necessary a couple of weeks before meeting with the dog. Use any complex remedy that the girl tolerates well. Mating of a worm-headed dog is unacceptable: miscarriages, harm to the health of the bitch, weak puppies, dead puppies, developmental pathologies.
Mandatory medicine for worms is necessary if vaccination is to be carried out. A complex agent (kanikvantel, triantelm, drontal plus, etc.) is given 10 days before vaccination. If this is not done, the dog’s body simply does not have enough strength to develop immunity, and vaccination will be meaningless.
If the pet eats raw meat / offal or raw fish, has a habit of picking it up from the floor or the ground, often in nature, often bathes in water, often comes into contact with strangers. the risk of infection is much higher, a prophylactic agent is used every 3 months.
How Often Should I Worm My Dog
If your pet is more of a city dweller or even a sofa dweller, and if he does not pick up from the ground, does not communicate with strangers and eats only thermally processed food, it is enough to give a complex remedy 2-3 times a year.
Treatment of helminthiasis
If you suspect that your dog has a lot of parasites in its body by symptoms, it is best to see a doctor right away. Common symptoms are vomiting and diarrhea with worms or mucus, changes in appetite, rumbling and flatulence, tight stomach. Complex remedies (caniquantel, prazitel, prazicide, celandine for worms and analogues) help when there are few worms, and the pet looks absolutely healthy. When signs of malaise are noticeable, two options are possible. either there are already a lot of worms, or the dog’s well-being is not at all associated with the invasion. In any case, you need a veterinarian consultation and targeted treatment.
Based on the test results, the doctor can prescribe fortifying and symptomatic drugs. for diarrhea and vomiting, laxatives, for itching, for intestinal spasms, sedatives, vitamins, droppers to regulate the water-alkaline balance, nutrient solutions and much more.
To combat helminths, the doctor will not only choose a remedy, but also carefully calculate the dosage, taking into account the expected degree of invasion. Sometimes loading doses are needed, and sometimes minimal ones, so that the clubs of dead parasites do not poison the dog and do not clog the intestines. The drug is chosen by establishing the type of helminths (feces analysis):
Alariosis. hexichol, polytrem, arecolin
Hookworm infection. pyrantel, fembendazole, mebendazole, praziquantel
Dipilidosis. Arecoline, Praziquantel, Fenasal
Opisthorchiasis, Paragonimiasis. praziquantel
Toxocariasis, toxascariasis. mebendazole, pyrantel, ditrazine, fembendazole
Echinococcosis, diphyllobothriasis. renthal, bunamidine, cestex
This type of invasion requires a special approach, since adult parasites cannot be killed by conventional means. Dirofilariae live in the heart, disrupting its work and, in general, undermining the health of the dog: exhaustion, shortness of breath, signs of heart failure, dry, tearful cough. Death is inevitable without treatment. The larvae (microfilariae) enter the bloodstream with a mosquito bite, and while they are still larvae, it is much easier to cope with the disease.
For prophylaxis, drops are used on the withers, based on selamectin (stronghold and analogues). This drug kills microfilariae, preventing them from reaching the heart, developing into adult worms, and starting to reproduce. In addition, usually these funds are referred to as complex. the fight against fleas, ticks, lice and other external parasites. Those. to protect the pet from dirofilariasis, it is enough to replace the usual drops with any one based on selamectin. Well, and decide what to do so that the dog is less bitten by mosquitoes. mosquito nets on the windows, contact repellents or for indoor use, clothes for a walk by the ponds.
If, according to the results of tests, microfilariae are found in the blood, they are destroyed with the same selamectin, but in therapeutic dosages. If dirofilariae (adult worms) are found, the parasites are removed surgically (not always possible) or slowly poisoned with toxic drugs (ivomek and analogues). Slowly, because the rapid death of a large number of heartworms can lead to a sad outcome for the dog.
But since removing these worms is not the only task, the doctor will prescribe a number of other drugs: antihistamines, anticoagulants, hepatoprotectors, immunostimulants, analeptics, etc. Dirofilariasis leads to severe disruptions in the work of the whole organism:
- arrhythmia, heart failure;
- eczema, allergies, dermatitis;
- leukocytosis, high levels of urea, amylase, bilirubin, keratinin;
- enlargement of the liver and spleen, hepatitis, renal failure, nephritis;
- convulsions, lesions of the central nervous system, pleurisy and pneumonia.
How to Naturally Treat a Dog With Worms (100% Effective Home Remedy!)
Therapy lasts from six months to several years, during which it is necessary to regularly visit the veterinarian to monitor the condition of the dog and to adjust the appointments.
Remember that neither folk remedies, nor a magic vaccination against worms (this simply does not exist), nor careful care can prevent worm infestation. The only reliable way to protect the health of your pet and the whole family is regular prophylaxis.
How dogs become infected
Dogs, regardless of age, breed, are susceptible to infections, diseases of various etiologies throughout their lives. By their nature, our faithful four-legged friends are very curious creatures. Contacts with their relatives, other animals, especially stray ones, playing with a stick, playing a ball on the street, licking wool. all this can cause dogs to become infected with dangerous endoparasites, in particular helminths.
In addition, if a dog from an early age is not accustomed to good manners, or the owner does not pay due attention to his pet during a walk, it is possible that the dog will pick up forbidden “delicacies” from the ground, for example, bones, pieces of meat that may contain eggs, larvae of worms. Do not forget that the main route of infection with worms is alimentary, oral-fecal, less often. contact.
Important! If a pregnant dog is infected with helminths, the larvae of parasites can enter the fetus in utero (transplacentally), which leads to a violation of embryogenesis. Newborn puppies can also become infected with worms through milk, colostrum, contact with a mother dog.
It should be borne in mind that most types of worms are biohelminths. The life cycle of endoparasites occurs with the participation of intermediate and main hosts. The carriers of helminth larvae are rodents, fish, molluscs, arthropods, predators, fleas, ticks, and lice. The main hosts of worms are warm-blooded agricultural and domestic animals. The eggs of parasites enter the external environment with feces and can be in water, on grass, soil, plants.
A dog can become infected, for example, by swallowing a flea, after eating raw meat products that have not undergone heat treatment, drinking water from a puddle or picking up a “treat” from the ground, seeded with larvae.
Owners of miniature, decorative breeds of dogs who rarely go for a walk or constantly sit in the hands of their owners on the street should understand that larvae, helminth eggs can get into the house on the soles of shoes, household items, clothes.
How does human infection occur?
A child, an adult can become infected with worms from a pet by contact, through saliva. Endoparasite eggs can be found under the claws, on the coat, pads, and other parts of the dog’s body.
Do not forget that our smaller brothers are very contact, friendly, active pets. On walks, dogs communicate with their relatives, other animals that may be infected with worms.
The dog, showing his love, licks his hands, the face of the owner. Some owners allow dogs to climb onto a sofa or bed. Undoubtedly, children are crazy about their pets. The child plays with the dog, cares for it, kisses, hugs his pet. Thus, with constant contact with the dog, infection with worms occurs.
Even if the dog is not infected with internal parasites, the pet can bring larvae or eggs of worms into the house on the wool after walking. They can be found on the floor, interior items, furniture, carpets, children’s toys, clothes. Therefore, if you do not follow the elementary rules of individual hygiene, if the pet is infected with parasitic worms, the eggs, larvae of worms quickly enter the human body, where their further development takes place.
The risk of human infection with endoparasites from dogs increases if the dog is kept in poor, unfavorable conditions, the owner does not pay due attention to the prevention of helminthiasis, and does not follow the rules of feeding.
Worm infestations in animals can also develop due to poor-quality diet. So, if you give your pet raw meat, offal, sea, river fish of questionable quality without preliminary heat treatment, it should not be ruled out that the dog will be infested with endoparasites.
Important! As a rule, infection with worms most often occurs during the warm season. It was at this time that the most favorable conditions for the active reproduction of endoparasites.
Note that in the early stages of helminthic invasion, the symptomatology of a dog may be mild, so the owners may not always recognize that the animal is suffering from a parasitic disease. At the same time, a pet is the main source of infection with helminthiases in humans and other animals.
The danger of helminthic invasions for humans, manifestations of helminthiasis
than 300 different types of parasitic worms can live in our body, which are localized in the intestines, heart, bronchi, lungs, liver, various organs of the gastrointestinal tract.
Not all types of canine helminths are transmitted to humans. This is explained by the fact that the body temperature of dogs is normally two to three degrees higher than for humans. The development of eggs, larvae of parasitic worms occurs only under favorable conditions. Therefore, once in the human body, most types of worms cannot develop normally and are excreted with feces.
Some types of canine worms, the development of which in the body of animals occurs only in the gastrointestinal tract, are not adapted to the human digestive tract. Therefore, dangerous endoparasites migrate with the bloodstream to various internal organs, systems of the human body, causing serious functional and systemic failures, various complications. Parasite larvae damage the integrity of mucous membranes, provoke blood loss, acute inflammation, cause destructive and degenerative changes in tissues.
Important! Most often people are diagnosed with echinococosis. With this disease, the larvae of echinococcus migrate from the bloodstream to the liver, spleen, brain, spinal cord, and kidneys. Bone and muscle structures can be affected. This type of helminths provokes the development of cysts, neoplasms in the internal organs.
In children, worms reduce immunity, increasing the risk of developing various infections, disrupting digestion and metabolism. Parasites absorb nutrients from food, poison the body with endotoxins, provoking intoxication, and cause allergic reactions. Severe helminthic invasion can cause blockage, intestinal obstruction.
Helminths are especially dangerous during pregnancy. Strong helminthic invasion can cause miscarriage, provoke premature birth, various disorders of embryogenesis.
Infection with helminthiases occurs to a greater extent due to reduced resistance, weakening of immunity. The risk group includes small children, weakened by viral infections, chronic pathologies, diseases, people.
If the eggs of canine roundworms enter the body of a healthy person, they pass through the intestines and are excreted unchanged with feces. Unlike children, adults are never parasitized by pinworms.
Among the main symptoms that indicate a person’s infection with helminthiasis are:
- violation of digestive processes;
- unstable stools (constipation, diarrhea);
- pallor, yellowness of the mucous membranes;
- frequent bouts of nausea, vomiting;
- loss of body weight;
- itching in the anus;
- bad breath;
- allergic rashes;
- sleep disturbance, lethargy, apathy, decreased performance;
- profuse salivation;
- cough, shortness of breath, fever;
- recurrent severe cramps, abdominal pain.
In the early stages of invasion, symptoms may be mild. The intensity of clinical manifestations of helminthiasis in humans depends on the localization of endoparasites, their number in the body, age, general physiological state, resistance.
Is it possible to get infected with worms from a dog: the most dangerous types of parasites, prevention methods
The appearance of a dog in the house is always a joyful event. Our faithful four-legged friends give us a lot of positive emotions, become companions, full-fledged family members. But in case of neglect of the basics of care, the rules for communicating with pets, non-observance of personal hygiene, ecto- and endoparasites, viruses, bacteria, fungi, other types of pathogenic flora that parasitize in the body of animals, cause harm not only to dogs, but also to people. For example, a person can become infected with worms from a dog if the pet is infested with certain types of endoparasites. What types of helminths are transmitted from dogs to humans?
Dog helminths that are dangerous to humans
Unfortunately, many breeders and dog owners have no idea what kind of harm the human body is inflicted by parasites that infect our beloved pets. Unfortunately, some viral-bacterial, invasive diseases of domestic animals belong to zooanthropozoonoses, namely, they are dangerous to humans. Therefore, you need to know not only the characteristic symptoms, the principles of treatment, but also how to prevent, prevent infection of the dog with ecto-endoparasites.
Important! According to statistics, 75% of domestic dogs are infested with helminths. At the same time, infected pets look clinically healthy, so the owners do not always suspect that their beloved animal is sick.
As a rule, most parasitic diseases are caused by flat, tapeworms (cestodes, trematodes), which can reach a length of two to ten meters, round worms. nematodes and cardihelminths (dirofilariae).
In the body of dogs, more than four hundred types of worms can parasitize, most of which are dangerous to the human body. Worms from dog to person are transmitted in most cases by direct contact with a pet.
The most likely transmission is tape, flatworms. Females of trematodes, cestodes are quite fertile and during their life cycle they can lay about a thousand eggs, from which the larvae of parasitic worms later emerge.
The most dangerous parasitic diseases for humans:
Liver flukes (fluke, schistosomes), cucumber, pork tapeworm, roundworms, pinworms, broad tapeworm, whipworms, trichinella, hookworms are transmitted from dog to person.
If you have a dog at home, other pets that can be carriers of dangerous endoparasites, in order to protect yourself, your loved ones from the penetration of worms into the body, you must adhere to and observe the basic rules of individual hygiene:
- As often as possible, carry out wet cleaning in the apartment, using disinfectants, household chemicals. This will destroy the eggs of worms that may be on carpets, upholstered furniture, floors.
- After contact with an animal, make sure your child is well washed with soap and water, especially before eating. Do not allow children to pet stray dogs, cats on the street.
- Monitor your pet’s diet. Do not feed raw meat, offal, river, sea fish to dogs without preliminary heat treatment.
- On walks, make sure that the dog does not come into contact with stray, stray animals. It is equally important to teach your pet not to pick up forbidden “delicacies” from the ground. Don’t let dogs crush rodents, hunt birds, street cats.
- Pay attention to your pet’s hygiene. Keep your coat clean. After each walk, inspect the animal’s body for ticks and other external parasites.
- Two or three times a year, take your pet to the veterinary clinic for a preventive examination.
- If you notice clinical manifestations of parasitic, infectious diseases in a dog, immediately contact a veterinarian.
Very often, human infection with parasites from animals occurs due to neglect of preventive deworming. There is a large selection of antihelminthic agents, special veterinary drugs in suspensions, tablets, capsules, drops on the withers, which are used for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes.
Worming dogs should be done every three to four months, depending on the drug chosen. If in doubt about the choice of an anthelmintic for your four-legged friend, consult your veterinarian.
- Drontal, Drontal Plus.
Important! It is necessary to carry out drug prevention of helminthiasis not only for dogs and other pets who live in a house, apartment, but also for all family members. Antiparasitic agents for the treatment, prevention of helminthic invasions in adults and children can be found in any pharmacy in the city. Before choosing a drug, consult a doctor.
If you are attentive to your health, follow all the above recommendations, the rules of personal hygiene, the risk of infection with helminthic infestations upon contact with a dog will be minimized.