Here are the most popular dog worm pills:
- Milbemax. Affects all types of nematodes and cystodes. Active against sexually mature individuals and larvae.
- Drontal. Preparation for adult intestinal worms.
- Envire. Complex preparation, which includes pyrantel, praziquantel, febantel. The combination of these substances allows you to simultaneously block the vital activity of roundworms, cause muscle spasm.
- Kanikvantel plus is used for combined helminthiasis.
- Azinox plus. It is used against nematodes.
- Febtal combo. Works on several types of worms.
The most popular remedy for helminths is tablets.
Cestodes (or tapeworms)
The largest type of helminths, capable of reaching a length of 10 meters:
- Dipilidia are worms up to 40 centimeters long. They parasitize the intestines, causing inflammation due to damage to the mucous membrane. Are the causative agents of the disease dipylidiosis.
- Echinococcus. enter the body from raw meat.
- Diphyllobothria are worms up to 10 meters long. Their larvae enter the dog’s body from raw fish. These worms are very toxic and extremely dangerous for the dog.
Tapeworms are called cestodes. These parasites can be up to 10 meters long.
Rules for deworming dogs
For the successful destruction of worms, you should strictly follow the instructions that come with the drug. The main rule is compliance with the recommended dosage. Feeding pills to the dog is a challenge. They can be hidden in a delicacy: minced meat, butter, cheese, sweetness.
You can arrange a game in the form of catching a pill. With the help of a companion, you can throw the dog’s head back and place the pill in the throat. Then the throat is stroked so that the pill passes into the stomach.
You should also adhere to the following rules:
A tablet for worms can be hidden in a dog’s favorite treat or use a special syringe.
- On the day of processing, dairy products are excluded from the dog’s diet.
- The remedy is given to the dog on an empty stomach, in the morning.
- Before using the antihelminthic drug, the pet is given an immunostimulant, for example, Hemobalance.
- A few days before the antihelminthic treatment, the animal’s hair is treated for fleas and ticks.
- If the dog vomits after drug administration, re-treatment is possible only after 2 weeks.
- The release of saliva during deworming, an increase in pupils in a dog is a sign of intoxication, the dog needs to be given an absorbent.
- After deworming, the dog should have a bowel movement no later than 8 hours later. If this does not happen, the pet needs to be given a laxative.
- After 10 days, the anthelmintic treatment must be repeated.
- Antihelminthic drugs are quite toxic, therefore, during their use, the dog needs to be given medications to protect the liver.
Important. During the worming period, the dog should always have fresh water in the bowl, since the drugs cause severe thirst, and dehydration is possible.
Symptoms of worm infestation
It is possible to suspect a dog infection with helminths by the manifestation of the following characteristic signs:
- Alternating constipation and diarrhea.
- Weight loss with increased appetite.
- Difficulty swallowing.
- Licking the anus and “rolling” the animal on the floor to eliminate itching.
- Presence of skin rashes.
- Admixture of blood, mucus in feces.
- Deterioration in the appearance and general condition of the dog (lethargy, lethargy, dull and shedding hair, dandruff).
- Cough, shortness of breath.
- In small puppies, additionally, bloating, protruding ribs, and loss of appetite begin. Helminthiasis can cause rickets and a general delay in physical development. The puppy stops growing.
Important. In the early stages of infection, helminthiasis is often asymptomatic. The visual absence of parasites in the feces is not evidence of their absence.
Drops on the withers from worms and fleas
Convenient to use, since they are applied to the withers of the animal:
- Stronghold. Kills adult parasites and slows down the maturation of eggs. The drug is based on selemectin, a substance that actively affects parasites and is non-toxic for a dog.
- Inspector. Contains fipronil and moxidectin paralyzing intestinal nematodes, ticks, fleas.
- Lawyer. A drug based on imidacloprid and moxidectin. Has a wide range of actions.
- Leopard. Based on praziquantel and ivermectin. Affects nematodes, as well as fleas and ticks.
- Helmintal S. Combined preparation based on moxidectin and praziquantel. Acts on adult worms and larvae, additionally destroys fleas and ticks.
Drops are applied to the withers of the animal. They are convenient in that they simultaneously kill both external and internal parasites.
With the help of folk recipes, parasites can be removed from the dog’s body only at the initial stage of infection. If the disease is started, folk remedies will only give a temporary effect. You can use them as an adjuvant when using medications.
To drive out parasites, decoctions from a mixture of herbs are used:
- Pomegranate bark. 10 gr. half a glass of water, infused for 30 minutes. It is applied three times within one day.
- A tablespoon of fennel and chamomile is brewed in one and a half glasses of water and mixed with a drop of honey. Soldered to a dog at a time.
- Wormwood 2-3 tablespoons is brewed with 500 ml. water. After 3 hours, start giving the dog 2 tablespoons three times during the day.
- Poured young walnuts are poured into 300 ml. boiling water and the dog is drunk during the day in two doses.
With helminthiasis, you can drink chamomile and fennel infusion to the dog.
Important. Do not give a dog two medications at the same time. this can cause serious poisoning. Nor should you try to feed your dog garlic or spices in the hope that this will help expel the parasites. The effect of such treatment may not occur, while the risk of damaging the pet’s stomach is quite high.
Ways of infection with helminths
It is almost impossible to completely insure a dog against helminths entering its body. But you can reduce the risk of infection with helminthiasis if you provide for some pathways for the eggs to enter the body and limit this possibility.
Important. Animals with weakened immunity are most susceptible to the development of helminthiasis. The probability of infection does not depend on the age of the animal.
Worms penetrate the internal organs of the dog as follows:
- Through contaminated foods. Eating food contaminated with eggs or licking objects outside is the most likely route of infection. Helminth larvae can be kept in water from puddles, open reservoirs. Eggs are attached to a person’s shoes, grass around the house.
- Insect parasites are carriers of worms. It is no coincidence that, having found fleas in a dog, veterinarians advise to immediately deworm the animal. Fleas place flatworm eggs on the dog’s fur, and when licked, they enter the intestines. Dirofilariasis a dog becomes infected through a mosquito bite.
- Adult helminths are transmitted from mothers to puppies while they are still in the womb or during the period of breastfeeding. Therefore, before mating, the female is recommended to carry out treatment for worms.
Helminth eggs persist in the environment for a long time, so most often the dog becomes infected through water from puddles or food picked up from the ground.
Prevention of helminthiasis
Going to extremes and keeping the dog in captivity cannot be a way out of the situation. over, this does not guarantee safety from worms, because the owner can bring parasite eggs into the house on shoes.
It will not be possible to completely protect the pet from worms, but you can minimize the risk by taking the following measures:
- Do not allow helminths to enter the body with food. For this, vegetables and fruits are given to the dog thoroughly washed, the meat is scalded with boiling water or boiled for 2-3 minutes. Fish must be frozen or cooked before use.
It is advisable to scald raw meat with boiling water before feeding.
How to tell if a dog has worms
Prevention reduces the likelihood of infection, but cannot give a full guarantee, so you should still pay attention to the appearance of common signs of worms:
- The dog eats more than usual, but at the same time noticeably loses weight or does not gain it.
- Mucous membranes turn pale, activity decreases markedly. symptoms of anemia.
- The coat loses its former shine, for no particular reason looks disheveled.
- The animal periodically swallows inedible items.
- Mucus, blood, parasites are found in feces.
- The animal begins to alternate between constipation and diarrhea.
- Vomiting. often seen in worm-infected puppies.
- A distended abdomen. also common in sick puppies.
- Frequent appearance of skin diseases.
- The dog rolls on the floor, combing the anus.
IMPORTANT! Adult dogs may not show symptoms of worms. Therefore, do not be surprised if the veterinarian announces an unpleasant diagnosis, double-check if you see fit, and start treatment immediately.
Why small worms are dangerous for large animals?
Parasites, being in the body of the “host”, secrete toxic toxins and eat nutrients that are not intended for them at all.
7 home remedies for worms in dogs
If the disease is started and the worms multiply unhindered, the intestines may become clogged, which is fraught with intoxication. Worms are especially dangerous for puppies: their poisoning due to their small size occurs many times faster, infection can even cause developmental delays.
Dead parasites also bring harm: after death, they straighten, harden and affect the walls of the organs in which they are.
IMPORTANT! Worms live not only in the organs of the digestive tract. There are about 80 types of parasites, and they thrive in the tissues of the lungs, heart, liver, muscles, even the brain. That is why one cannot ignore prevention, look for parasites only in feces, skipping other symptoms of worms in a dog, treat the pet yourself, including with medicines intended for humans.
Where do dog worms come from??
Pets find parasite eggs in raw meat and fish, grass, dirty vegetables and fruits.
If you do not follow the dog for a walk, it can become infected through water from a puddle or some dirty, but edible, in her opinion, find.
Many are surprised to find worms in puppies. Here you need to know that they can be infected from the mother, through the placenta. If this does not happen, it is possible that the eggs of parasites will enter the puppy’s body after birth, through milk.
Carriers of worms can be other animals and even insects: flies, cockroaches, fleas.
It is obvious that it is physically impossible for its owner to protect a dog from worms, but correct, PERMANENT prevention solves many problems.
Worms in dogs. prevention, symptoms, treatment
Whether we calm down or not, it is unlikely that it will be possible to avoid infection with worms of a pet. Worms in animals are not uncommon, but you should not relax either. It is necessary to constantly carry out prevention, to closely monitor the health of the dog. We are going to talk about this, as well as about the danger of helminths, sources of infection and methods of treatment.
What should be effective prevention of worms in dogs
Preventive measures need to be taken simultaneously in three areas:
- process food before feeding;
- regularly give your pet antiparasitic agents;
- once a year, donate the dog’s feces for analysis.
Raw meat, fish, fruits, vegetables are processed before feeding. You do not need to boil the meat so that it does not lose its useful properties, but simply wash it and pour it over with boiling water or put it in the freezer for 2-3 days. Experts advise boiling river and sea fish. Fruits, vegetables, berries must be washed well before feeding.
IMPORTANT! Drug prophylaxis against worms begins early: the drug should be given to a 3–4 week old puppy. After the procedure is repeated every 3 months. the whole life of the dog.!
ADVICE FROM THE VETERINARIAN
Additionally, antiparasitic drugs are given to dogs 10 days before vaccination. Particular attention is paid to the prevention of worms in bitches: they are given medicine 15 days before estrus, if mating is planned, and also, without fail, 14 days after childbirth.
Preventive medications are usually placed in food, poured into the dog’s mouth with a spoon or syringe without a needle.
Laboratory analysis of feces is carried out once a year, but it is impossible to calm down and even more so stop prophylaxis if a negative result is obtained, because:
- not all types of worms are found in feces;
- at the time of check, the worms may not reach puberty or be in a dormant phase of development, which makes it impossible to detect them.
Therefore, it is always worth observing the condition of the dog in order to suspect the appearance of parasites in time.
Treatment of worms in dogs
It is advisable to treat the animal with the participation of a veterinarian: only he will be able to prescribe a drug acting on a certain type of parasite, take action if the dog begins to develop complications.
ADVICE FROM THE VETERINARIAN
It is imperative to adhere to the instructions supplied with the drug and / or given by the doctor. If the treatment regimen provides, for example, two doses of the drug with an interval of 14 days, you cannot retreat from it, motivating the improvement of the dog’s condition, the absence of parasites in the feces, etc. Particular attention should be paid to the dosage and contraindications of the drug.
A single dose of anthelmintic drugs may not be enough to treat dogs for worms. Dead parasites living in the digestive tract must leave the body, otherwise intoxication will begin. If this does not happen naturally, for example, there were a lot of worms and the intestines are clogged, the dog should be given a laxative or an enema. Often in young dogs, against the background of helminthic infection, an infection begins, which requires the initiation of additional treatment. It is also important to take action in time if poisoning has begun.
Regular prophylaxis, early detection of symptoms and treatment of worms mean a lot to a dog’s health. Many problems can be avoided by always remembering the danger of infection and following the above recommendations.
Treatment of worms in dogs
Worms in dogs
Causes of worms in dogs
Modern methods of treatment
As a rule, the treatment of helminthiasis is carried out with the help of various antiglust preparations (tablets, suspensions, drops on the withers). So that after taking the medicine, the dead parasites completely leave the dog’s body, it can be given a mild laxative. Also, veterinarians often prescribe drugs that prevent blood clotting so that the destroyed helminths and their larvae do not clog the blood vessels. If the helminthiasis was severe enough, dogs are shown to drink a course of vitamins and trace elements, including iron, to increase hemoglobin levels.
However, there are times when medicines alone are no longer enough: if there are too many helminths, they can cause intestinal obstruction or block the airways. In these cases, only urgent surgery can save the dog.
Symptoms of the appearance of worms in dogs
The appearance of worms in dogs can be calculated by a number of external signs. So, for example, if you notice that the dog began to lose weight, but at the same time eats for two, you should be wary. With a large number of parasites in the body, the dog may also show signs of anemia: pale gums and a whitish inner eyelid. At the same time, the coat becomes dull and as if powdered with dust, the dog may show signs of anxiety due to the fact that it experiences constant itching in the anus, and it is rather difficult to scratch it. Sometimes she tries to scratch herself on the floor, for which she “rides on the priest”. In worm-affected puppies, the belly usually looks very bloated. most often this can be seen in small mongrels.
When infected with ascaris in dogs, a wet cough is periodically observed. There may also be other manifestations specific to this particular parasite, of which there are a great many.
Prevention of the appearance of worms in dogs at home
Those who first learn about the diversity of the world of parasites and their ingenious ways of infecting animals have the impression that there is no way to escape from them, and all of us. both people and dogs. do not even have a chance to avoid helminthiases, because parasites are literally everywhere. This, of course, is not entirely true. If things were so hopeless, we, together with our four-legged friends, would have died out even in the days of medieval unsanitary conditions. Do not forget about the immune forces of the body, which is able to resist helminthic invasions and prevent parasites from multiplying very much.
However, this does not mean that you can completely close your eyes to the problem. And, of course, first of all, you need to regularly give the dog antihelminthic drugs. In addition, you need to carefully monitor that your dog does not pick up anything on the street, and limit his contact with stray relatives. And, of course, keep the house clean.
Treatment and prevention of worms in dogs
It is absolutely impossible to protect a dog from infection with worms. Helminth eggs are everywhere. on the hands of people, on the ground and grass, on vegetables, in meat and fish, in the stairwell and even on the floor that has just been washed. But the existing preventive measures and complex tablets for worms for dogs allow you to save your pet from parasites. What to do to protect yourself and your pets from gnawing, sucking swarming creepy reptiles?
If you are not in the least embarrassed by the idea that worms literally eat the dog from the inside, think about the harm that these parasites do:
- severe allergic reactions;
- poisoning of the body with toxins, waste products and decaying corpses of helminths;
- mechanical damage to the walls of the intestines, internal organs;
- anemia, exhaustion, poor digestibility of food, frequent diarrhea and vomiting;
- if the intestine is ruptured or blocked, the pet may die.
Therefore, the opinion that worms are “natural neighbors” and there is no need to fight them is dangerous and erroneous. Many helminths are transmitted to humans, which means that remedies for worms for dogs preserve the health of all family members. Helminths reduce immunity, and this is an increased risk of infections. Many species provoke chronic ailments of internal organs.
Natural Home Remedies for Worms in Dogs
Prevention of helminthiasis in puppies
Worms are especially dangerous for young animals and puppies. Babies infected with helminths can die in just a couple of weeks! Therefore, the fight against worms begins before the onset of symptoms and in any case, even if the droppings are kept sterile (puppies can become infected in utero, directly from the mother or through milk).
The first time a syrup, paste or suspension from worms is given to babies at the age of 3 weeks. The drug must be designed specifically for puppies or the instructions must indicate that the drug can be used from three weeks of age. The tablets are inconvenient to divide by weight and inconvenient to feed to babies, therefore the liquid form is preferable (as a rule, there is a syringe with divisions in the box). Do not forget to weigh the puppies. any anthelmintics are given strictly by weight. The second time the same remedy is used 10 days before the first vaccination.
But usually these worries fall on the shoulders of the breeder, and the baby gets to the owner when he has already been vaccinated. Together with the puppy, the breeder will give instructions that should be followed: each breeder has its own scheme, and you should not use an anthelmintic once again. If you picked up a puppy on the street, contact your veterinarian. even the mildest drugs for worms can seriously harm if there are too many parasites (intoxication, blockage, intestinal perforation).
- choose a comprehensive product of a well-known brand without saving on purchase;
- read the instructions and follow the manufacturer’s recommendations, even if they seem insignificant. The annotation always says how and what to do to maximize the effectiveness of the drug;
- weigh the dog and calculate the dosage as carefully as possible;
- do not forget to examine feces within three days after deworming. If there are many dead parasites in the feces, a lot of mucus, incomprehensible clots, the treatment must be repeated after 10 days;
- all modern drugs do not cause any symptoms, complications, side effects. But there is a possibility of individual intolerance to the component, so monitor your pet’s well-being. See your veterinarian at the slightest sign of discomfort.
Since a dog is easy to get rid of worms only if the infection has occurred recently, follow the deworming schedule. This will completely protect your pet from harm caused by helminths. In order not to accidentally make a mistake and not give the remedy again, make notes in the veterinary passport.
Protection of adult dogs
Just a couple of decades ago, dogs were treated for parasites only after tests. The drugs were toxic, and there were no safe complex drugs at all. Today, prevention is not difficult, and the choice of quality drugs is very wide. But even the best remedy cannot rid the dog of its nasty “neighbors” forever.
In order for the bitch to bear and give birth to healthy puppies, treatment is necessary a couple of weeks before meeting the dog. Use any complex remedy that the girl tolerates well. Mating of a zaglified dog is unacceptable: miscarriages, harm to the health of the bitch, weak puppies, dead puppies, developmental pathologies.
Mandatory medicine for worms is necessary if vaccination is to be carried out. A complex agent (kanikvantel, triantelm, drontal plus, etc.) is given 10 days before vaccination. If this is not done, the dog’s body simply does not have enough strength to develop immunity, and vaccination will be meaningless.
If the pet eats raw meat / offal or raw fish, has a habit of picking it up from the floor or the ground, often in nature, often bathes in water, often comes into contact with strangers. the risk of infection is much higher, a prophylactic agent is used every 3 months.
If your pet is more of a city dweller or even a sofa dweller, and if he does not pick up from the ground, does not communicate with strangers and eats only thermally processed food, it is enough to give a complex remedy 2-3 times a year.
Treatment of helminthiasis
If you suspect that your dog has a lot of parasites in its body by symptoms, it is best to see a doctor right away. Common symptoms are vomiting and diarrhea with worms or mucus, changes in appetite, rumbling and flatulence, tight stomach. Complex products (caniquantel, prazitel, prazicide, celandine for worms and analogues) help when there are few worms, and the pet looks absolutely healthy. When signs of malaise are noticeable, two options are possible. either there are already a lot of worms, or the dog’s well-being is not at all associated with the invasion. In any case, you need a veterinarian consultation and targeted treatment.
Based on the test results, the doctor can prescribe fortifying and symptomatic drugs. for diarrhea and vomiting, laxatives, for itching, for intestinal spasms, sedatives, vitamins, droppers to regulate the water-alkaline balance, nutrient solutions and much more.
To combat helminths, the doctor will not only choose a remedy, but also carefully calculate the dosage, taking into account the expected degree of invasion. Sometimes loading doses are needed, and sometimes minimal ones so that the clubs of dead parasites do not poison the dog and clog the intestines. The drug is chosen by establishing the type of helminths (feces analysis):
Alariosis. hexichol, polytrem, arecolin
Hookworm infection. pyrantel, fembendazole, mebendazole, praziquantel
Dipilidosis. Arecoline, Praziquantel, Fenasal
Opisthorchiasis, Paragonimiasis. praziquantel
Toxocariasis, toxascariasis. mebendazole, pyrantel, ditrazine, fembendazole
Echinococcosis, diphyllobothriasis. renthal, bunamidine, cestex
This type of invasion requires a special approach, since adult parasites cannot be killed by conventional means. Dirofilariae live in the heart, disrupting its work and generally undermining the dog’s health: exhaustion, shortness of breath, signs of heart failure, dry, tearful cough. Death is inevitable without treatment. The larvae (microfilariae) enter the bloodstream with a mosquito bite, and while they are still larvae, it is much easier to cope with the disease.
For prophylaxis, drops are used on the withers, based on selamectin (stronghold and analogues). This drug kills microfilariae, preventing them from reaching the heart, developing into adult worms, and starting to reproduce. In addition, usually these funds are referred to as complex. the fight against fleas, ticks, lice and other external parasites. Those. to protect the pet from dirofilariasis, it is enough to replace the usual drops with any one based on selamectin. Well, and decide what to do so that the dog is less bitten by mosquitoes. mosquito nets on the windows, contact repellents or for indoor use, clothes for a walk by the ponds.
If, according to the results of tests, microfilariae are found in the blood, they are destroyed with the same selamectin, but in therapeutic dosages. If dirofilariae (adult worms) are found, the parasites are removed surgically (not always possible) or slowly poisoned with toxic drugs (ivomek and analogues). Slowly, because the rapid death of a large number of heartworms can lead to a sad outcome for the dog.
But since removing these worms is not the only task, the doctor will prescribe a number of other drugs: antihistamines, anticoagulants, hepatoprotectors, immunostimulants, analeptics, etc. Dirofilariasis leads to severe disruptions in the work of the whole organism:
- arrhythmia, heart failure;
- eczema, allergies, dermatitis;
- leukocytosis, high levels of urea, amylase, bilirubin, keratinin;
- enlargement of the liver and spleen, hepatitis, renal failure, nephritis;
- convulsions, lesions of the central nervous system, pleurisy and pneumonia.
Therapy lasts from six months to several years, during which it is necessary to regularly visit the veterinarian to monitor the condition of the dog and to adjust the appointments.
Remember that neither folk remedies, nor a magic vaccination against worms (this simply does not exist), nor careful care can prevent worm infestation. The only reliable way to protect the health of your pet and the whole family is regular prophylaxis.
Specific symptoms of a certain type of worm in dogs
|Helminthiasis of dogs||Causative agent||Symptoms of worms in a dog|
|Ascariasis. Toxascariasis and Toxocariasis||Roundworms of dogs Tohosaga canis, Toxascaris leonina||Vomiting after feeding, hiccups, weight loss, diarrhea, constipation, bloating, bronchitis, shortness of breath, wheezing and coughing in a dog, in acute form. bloody diarrhea, pale mucous membranes, lethargy|
|Uncinariosis and hookworm disease||Nematodes of the family Ancylostomatidae||The same as with ascariasis|
|Dipylidiosis (cucumber tapeworm)||Tape flat worms. cestode Dipylidium caninum||Allergic reactions, intestinal obstruction and bleeding, perverted appetite, weight loss, “riding on the pope”, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, sometimes cramps and salivation|
|Ancylostimiasis||Ancylostoma caninum, Uncinaria stenocephala||Anemia, diarrhea, blood in the stool, emaciation, sunken eyes, swollen feet, fainting|
|Esophageal (esophageal) worms of dogs||Difficulty swallowing, vomiting, emaciation, coughing, choking|
|Heartworms in dogs||Increased fatigue after physical exertion, coughing, swelling of the legs, abdomen, etc., convulsions, photophobia, “stopped gaze”|
Deworming a dog before vaccination
It is impossible to vaccinate a dog or a puppy infected with worms, since the immunity of such animals is weakened and the body may not respond in the best way to the vaccine. Since, as mentioned above, almost any dog has worms in the body, each animal must be wormed 2-3 weeks before vaccination, but no later than 10 days before vaccination. Before carrying out the distillation of worms before vaccination, it is also necessary to take measures to rid the dog of fleas and other external parasites. Puppies before vaccination worm twice with an interval of 14 days and also no later than 10 days before vaccination.
Prevention of worms in dogs
In modern environmental conditions, it is almost impossible to avoid infection of a dog with worms. Since helminth eggs are found in the soil, even an indoor dog that does not go outside can become infected through dust and dirt brought from the street on people’s shoes. Thus, the only way to reduce or eliminate the risk of a dog getting worms is through prevention.
In order to prevent severe worming in newborn puppies, it is imperative to carry out the procedure for deworming the bitch before mating. Lactating bitches need to flush the nipples if there is a suspicion that they may have gotten eggs of worms. Newborn puppies are prevented from worms from 12-14 days of age. Adult dogs worm several times a year (for more information on how and how often you need to worm a dog, read below).
In addition to routine deworming, preventive measures also include preventing free walking of domestic dogs (vagrancy). as a rule, such animals are more often infected with worms. Do not allow the dog to eat the feces of other animals, as they may contain eggs or larvae of worms. It is also extremely important to provide the dog with clean water and drink, do not allow him to drink from puddles and other bodies of water and pick up food from the ground or floor.
Some types of worms can be transmitted to a dog through ectoparasites. fleas, lice, lice. Accordingly, complex antiparasitic treatment also helps to reduce the risk of helminthiasis. In addition, freshwater raw fish should not be given to dogs, as it can be infected with worms.
Worms in dogs: symptoms, treatment, prevention
“Worms in a dog living in an apartment. is this possible? ”, you will be surprised. Many people are convinced that only a street stray dog can become infected with worms. However, according to statistics, from 60% to 80% of home pets are the “owners” of certain types of helminths.
Why are worms in a dog dangerous and how to determine the presence of an invasion? The answer to this question depends on a number of factors, first of all. on the type of worms with which the dog is infected, its age and general physical condition. A relatively reliable and quick way to diagnose helminthiasis in a dog is to pass laboratory tests, but only a small part of dog breeders do this regularly, and residents of small towns and villages often do not have such an opportunity at all.
Meanwhile, helminthiases are a very common and dangerous disease in dogs. Worms can live in the intestines, blood, and internal organs, including the liver, lungs, and heart. By clinging to the walls of organs and blood vessels or by piercing them, they cause mechanical damage that form microscopic wounds that cause anemia and infection. Also, worms “steal” nutrients entering the body of the “owner”, and together with their waste products release toxins into the blood and tissues of the dog. Worms are especially dangerous in puppies, however, they often cause serious damage to the health of an adult dog. A large number of worms can turn into a “ball” and clog the dog’s rectum, resulting in intestinal obstruction in some cases. fatal outcome. Some types of worms in dogs contribute to the occurrence of allergic reactions and various dermatitis. Parasites living in internal organs (hepatic, pulmonary, heart worms in dogs), in the absence of timely treatment, often literally “rupture” the affected organ, leading to the instant death of the animal.
Medicines for worms. tablets, drops, suspensions
All medicines for worms are used for therapeutic or prophylactic purposes. Most often, the therapeutic and prophylactic dose is different. Let’s figure it out a little more:
- If you regularly carry out the prophylaxis of worms in your pet, then you must use the prophylactic dose.
- If you picked up a pet on the street or are trying to help a cat with an unknown history, the medication must be repeated after 10-14 days.
To carry out prophylaxis, it is necessary to select the drug of the desired Spectra action. In a global sense, all anthelmintic drugs can be divided into types:
- Tablets are the most popular dosage form of the drug. The composition of the drug usually contains two or three active substances aimed at combating round and flat worms. The advantages of pills are obvious, but they also have disadvantages. If the cat is lightweight, the tablet must be divided into parts and the dose must be accurately measured. Not all pets agree to “take” a pill without resistance. For the prevention of worms in large cats, sometimes you have to give 2-3 tablets.
- Suspensions are a more convenient form of the drug, which is undeservedly considered ineffective. The composition of the suspension from worms for kittens and adult cats is similar to tablets. The slurry usually tastes sweet, so cats drink it with less resistance. Manufacturers often separate lines for kittens and adult animals, filling the suspension in vials of different sizes. To give a cat a medicine, you need to use a syringe-dispenser, which, most often, comes with the drug.
- Drops are a dosage form that is gaining more and more popularity. The advantage of the drugs is that they are used externally. they drip onto the withers. Drops are divided into two types: from worms and from worms and external parasites. In drops from worms, there are usually two active ingredients. Drops from worms and external parasites contain an additional active ingredient, most often fipronil or ivermectin.
If you decide to use a tablet or suspension to increase the effectiveness, the medicine is given in the morning before feeding. When using the suspension, a temporary side reaction may occur in the form of profuse frothy saliva. Usually, an adverse reaction goes away without intervention within a few minutes.
Modern anthelmintic drugs do not require preparation before use. However, if you have not done worm prophylaxis for a long time or picked up an animal on the street, the following algorithm is used to prevent intestinal blockage:
- The anthelmintic drug is given on an empty stomach.
- After one and a half to two hours, depending on the instructions in the drug’s instructions, after reaching the maximum therapeutic concentration, the cat is given an adsorbent.
- After another 30-60 minutes, the pet is given a laxative so that all the dead parasites quickly leave the intestines.
- To eliminate eggs, larvae and young worms, prevention is repeated after 10-12 days.
When using complex preparations containing both ivermectin or fipronil, cats with an unknown history may experience an allergic reaction. With intolerance to ivermectin, the pet becomes apathetic, there may be increased salivation and refusal to eat. The reaction to fipronil is most often expressed by redness of the skin, itching and anxiety.
How often to prevent worms
How often to take preventive measures to eliminate worms in cats? According to generally accepted rules, prevention is carried out quarterly, that is, every three to four months. It is believed that a period of 4 months is enough for helminths to multiply to a critical number.
Prevention of dirofilariasis and other specific invasions is carried out monthly or as directed by a veterinarian.
It has been established that the parasites become much more active in the spring and autumn. If your pet is about to have the first anthelmintic event, it is better to do it in February-March or September-October. Do not forget that you yourself can be the source of the parasite infestation. Don’t ignore prevention for yourself and family members.
Prevention of worms in cats: what is it for and how often to carry it out
Prevention of worms in cats is a very important aspect of grooming, but it is often overlooked. Let’s figure out how to properly worm a cat at home, how often to carry out prevention and what medications to choose.
Why is prevention of worms in cats important??
Absolutely all cats are susceptible to infection with worms. Infestation can cause serious health problems, especially if ignored for a long time. The best way to prevent serious negative consequences is the prevention of worms in cats.
You can protect your pet from parasites by taking care of decent living conditions:
- Keep your cat for a walk unattended.
- Make sure your pet does not come into contact with stray animals.
- Keep your home clean.
- Take preventive measures to eliminate parasites regularly.
Let’s figure it out in a little more detail. The main source of helminth infestation is food and water. If your cat is outdoors, it can hunt rodents and birds. In addition, it is enough for a cat to sniff a dead animal to pick up fleas or worms.
Note! Never give your cat steamed meat! Always freeze meat for three to four days, or boil it thoroughly.
Dirofilariasis is a dangerous fatal disease that is caused by worms that parasitize the heart. If you live in an unfavorable territory, carry out monthly prophylaxis for infection with dirofilariasis. Naturally, before using any medication, you should consult your doctor.
Protect your cat from unattended walks in the street in every possible way. When the pet is walking, he can drink water from a puddle. this is a guaranteed way of infection with worms. In addition to the dangers posed by humans and other animals, a free-walking cat is constantly exposed to the threat of infection by internal and external parasites.
Tip: if your pet loves to walk and cannot live without the street, train him to harness and walk on a leash.
If several animals live in the house, the health of each pet must be monitored individually. If one of the animals shows signs of discomfort, it must be isolated.
Due to the rapid spread of some viruses and parasites, keep your pets safe from contact with stray animals. If you’ve petted a street cat or dog, use an antiseptic or wash your hands when you get home. Oddly enough, in most cases, cats become infected with worms from the owner’s things and hands.
Note! If you have several animals in your house, preventive measures to eliminate worms must be carried out simultaneously for all.
Like humans, cats have some resistance (resistance) to worm infestation. Most often, the invasion does not reach a critical level if the cat’s immunity is functioning normally.
If the pet feels weakened, the worms “take advantage” of this and begin to multiply much faster. Talk to your veterinarian about choosing a feed or formulating a diet that has a positive effect on immunity.
How to determine at home if a cat has worms
The most reliable way to identify parasites in a pet is to analyze the stool. To collect a sample, a small amount of faeces must be placed in a plastic or glass container while the tray is being emptied. The sample is handed over to the laboratory, whose workers will determine the presence of eggs of different types of helminths. Be sure to wash your hands after cleaning the litter box, as direct contact with feces is a guaranteed route of infection with worms.
If your domestic cat has fleas, you can ensure that there are worms too. Regularly carry out prophylaxis of skin parasites, as they are carriers of cestodes. flatworms. For your own convenience, in a veterinary pharmacy you can purchase a complex drug in the form of drops, which helps to instantly rid the cat of external and internal parasites.
Important! Watch for changes in your cat’s behavior and appearance. A sharp deterioration in the quality of wool is one of the first symptoms of helminthic invasion.
Changes in the work of the gastrointestinal tract may indicate infection with worms. You can identify the following symptoms at home:
- Diarrhea, especially if mixed with blood.
- Vomiting and nausea.
- Bloating and flatulence.
- Frequent licking of the genitals, itching in the anal area.
- Cough and other breathing problems
Note! With advanced invasion, you may notice pallor of the gums, signs of anemia and apathy.
Prevention of worms in cats with folk remedies
In some situations, the use of folk remedies to partially eliminate parasites becomes the only available alternative. As you know, industrial antihelminthic drugs should not be used if:
- The cat arrives in the first trimester of pregnancy.
- The kitten has not reached three weeks of age.
- The pet has recently had an illness, looks weak, emaciated, or dehydrated.
- The cat has problems with immunity, kidneys, liver.
- The most famous folk remedy for worms in cats is garlic, which is strongly recommended (!) Not to be used for the last 10-15 years. Garlic and onions are toxic to cats and can lead to poisoning, especially if consumed regularly.
- The next popular folk remedy is a herbal decoction of tansy and wormwood. Provided that the cat is not allergic, the decoction is indeed effective against intestinal parasites. The broth is given in a course, for 3 days, 5-10 ml in the morning and on an empty stomach.
- An effective and safe folk remedy is pumpkin seeds. Peeled seeds are crushed and given in the form of gruel. So that the cat does not have constipation, the crushed seeds are mixed with pork fat.
- The second pumpkin seed recipe is a decoction. Required: 300 gr. seeds with peel, 50 ml of water, 15 gr. honey. All components of the broth must be crushed and poured with boiling water to make a liquid gruel. After cooling, the broth is filtered and fed to the cat for 5-7 days, 5-10 ml in the morning on an empty stomach.
Prevention of worms in dogs
Worms are bad jokes. In order not to put your dog in danger, it is best to do regular prophylaxis. There is a great variety of drugs for the prevention of worms in dogs. Most of them have a wide spectrum of action, i.e. “Work” against many types of worms. The most popular drugs: Drontal Plus, Vermox, Cestal. Kanikvantel Plus, Pratel. Some are available in different dosage forms (tablets, suspensions) so that the dog owner can choose the type that is most convenient in his particular case.
It is imperative to maintain the correct dosage. There is no need to give drugs in a dose that is known to be less than the norm (“so as not to stuff too much chemistry”) or more than necessary (“to be sure”). If the first option simply may not work at all, then the second can have much more dire consequences.
Usually the dosage depends on the weight of the animal. Do not “by eye” determine the weight of the dog. Find a way to determine exactly how much your pet weighs.
An anthelmintic is usually given with a small amount of food (see How To Give Your Dog Medication). Full feeding can be given after 1.5-2 hours.
Worms in dogs: treatment and prevention
How many times a year do you need to worm a dog?
Worms need to be driven out at least 2-3 per year.
Sometimes veterinarians advise doing this more often (once a quarter). But we should not forget that with all the safety of modern drugs, they are still, in fact, poisons, so you should not abuse them either.
If you are the owner of a working or hunting dog, or your ward animals have the opportunity to pick up garbage, you need to worm them as expected according to the instructions. once every 3 months. If your pet dog is always in your sight, you can do large intervals between running worms, but at least 2 times a year.
Treating a dog for infection with worms
If the dog is infected with worms (symptoms of a dog getting worms), treatment is usually limited to taking an antihelminthic medication. In difficult, neglected cases, when the condition of the animal is already severe enough, you need to be extremely careful and careful.
Antihelminthic drugs kill the worms, after which the parasites can continue to poison the dog’s body. If you do not relieve the animal of already dead worms in time, intoxication (poisoning) may occur.
With severe helminthic infestation, the dog’s intestines may become clogged with parasites. Therefore, it is important to observe the animal, and if the dog cannot get rid of the poisonous parasites on its own, it is necessary to give it a laxative or give it an enema to help it cleanse itself.
In addition to the danger of poisoning, there is one more point. When dying, some types of worms straighten. Imagine what happens in the intestines of a small puppy, in which the dead parasites harden and become like sharp needles. In babies, the mucous membrane is damaged. worms pierce it like needles. Bleeding often occurs and the puppies die. If there are a lot of worms, they can intertwine into a ball, which can also block the intestines, clogging it.
Therefore, do not let the process take its course, control the condition of the animal. Sometimes you even need the help of a veterinarian. But in most cases, you can do without giving a mild laxative. Sometimes a cleansing enema is required. Particularly severe cases may require diffusion support (intravenous intravenous maintenance drugs).
The combination of helminthic infection and an infection superimposed on top is extremely dangerous. And this happens quite often, especially in young animals up to 1 year old, since an organism weakened by worms is an ideal target for infectious diseases. Treatment of such an animal will require the most careful approach with the constant supervision of a veterinarian.
How to chase worms in small puppies?
It is better to worm very small puppies with special antihelminthic drugs developed for such babies. An overly active “adult” remedy can cause intoxication and worsen the condition of the puppy, even with the correct dosage. Suspensions “Drontal plus for puppies” and “Prazicid” have proven themselves quite well.
Some antihelminthic drugs need to be given twice, with an interval of 12-14 days. This is exactly the period of time during which new worms will hatch from the eggs in the dog’s body. Those. a double worm will get rid of both adults and eggs and larvae.
A common opinion among dog owners is that if, after the first intake of the anthelmintic, they did not find worms in the dog’s feces, then the dog did not have them, which means that it is not necessary to give a second time. Or so often conclusions are drawn about the effectiveness of a particular drug, which is fundamentally wrong.
In fact, it is not always possible to see worms. sometimes they come out as if dissolved, in the form of mucus. Therefore, do not rely on a visual assessment of the effectiveness of drugs or the presence of parasites.
Vaccination of dogs is always done after deworming (running the worms). Otherwise, it is completely useless and sometimes dangerous.