Signs of helminthic invasion
The presence of ectoparasites is not immediately apparent, especially in strong, healthy adults.
Visible symptoms indicate that the worms have already thoroughly penetrated the body.
With careful pet care, the owner will not miss the first signs of invasion, such as:
- dullness of the coat;
- excessive gluttony with weight loss or, conversely, refusal to eat;
- vomiting for no apparent reason;
- diarrhea alternating with constipation.
Coughing, hiccups are signs that the worms have reached the respiratory tract. In puppies infected with helminths, the belly is swollen, and live parasites are often present in the vomit. You can also find them (or eggs) in feces.
Types of anthelmintics
The expulsion of worms and the prevention of invasions are carried out by the owners of the dogs. The drugs can be purchased at the veterinary pharmacy, choosing them based on the age of the pet and the type of worms.
Medicines prescribed to humans are not recommended for the dog.
Many modern antihelminthic drugs are combined. They are effective against all types of adult internal parasites. Among them, it is worth highlighting Albendazole, Ivermectin, Pirantel, Praziquantel, Fenbendazole.
Do I need to carry out the procedure
A dog can become infected with worms anywhere: it is enough for it to lick something on the street, gnaw on a stick, or talk to a mongrel. The eggs of parasites can get on the pet along with fleas.
Once in the intestines, helminths begin to migrate throughout the body and cause irreparable harm to the animal:
- the lungs, heart, gastrointestinal tract and central nervous system are affected;
- the wastes of the worms are toxic to dogs;
- invasions cause metabolic and metabolic disorders;
- long-term presence of parasites in the body leads to a failure of the hydrobalance;
- some of the food a dog eats is eaten by worms, depriving the animal of the nutrients necessary for the normal development and life of the pet.
Are worms dangerous for humans? Yes, parasites also cause great harm to people, causing intoxication of the body. They cause the development of allergies, bronchial asthma, visual impairment.
Penetrating into the vessels of the brain of a small child, helminths can lead to mental retardation.
When a pet needs to be worm-driven
Do not wait for symptoms that signal the presence of parasites. Deworming must be carried out regularly. not only to combat invasions, but also to prevent their appearance.
There are developed schemes that determine the frequency of the procedures, and unscheduled moments that require mandatory treatment of the pet:
- 2 weeks before mating, both partners should be banned. The safety and development of future puppies depends on it.
- Pregnant bitches try not to worm once again, but after childbirth, the procedure must be carried out for both the mother and the babies, adhering to a certain scheme.
- Before each vaccination (7-10 days), it is necessary to expel the parasites, otherwise the vaccination will not work on the pet. On the contrary: strong drugs introduced into an organism weakened by worms can cause the death of an animal.
If the pet is accidentally lost, then after finding it, it is subjected to an additional deworming procedure.
Deworming dogs: how often you can worm a pet, the means used
Animals often suffer not only from external pests in the form of blood-sucking insects.
One of the important steps in pet care is deworming dogs.
Do not wait for the dog to mature. It is necessary to start deworming from an early age, strictly observing the schedule.
Do I need to worm a dog if she does not leave the house
Even if the pet is not walked and does not come into contact with yard animals, there is a risk of catching ectoparasites.
Possible routes of infection are as follows:
- a new pet appeared in the house, which they did not have time to swallow;
- if the dog is fed with natural products, then the worms can get into the digestive tract with raw fish or meat;
- You can also get infected from a person who stroked a dog or a cat on the street or picked up an object from the ground, on which parasite eggs were found.
Sandboxes, in which children play, animals often use under the toilet. It is enough for a child to pull dirty hands into his mouth, and the worms will enter the body, then they will be transferred to a pet dog.
To avoid infection, a pet that does not enter the street also needs to be worm-driven periodically. But you can do this once a year.
How many times can you poison?
Puppies are at risk, they are more susceptible to infection, therefore, up to a year, prevention should be carried out every 3 months.
How many times should deworming be done?
The frequency of use of anthelmintics depends on the living conditions of the animal:
- cleanliness of the room and dishes;
- food. are meat and fish products subject to temperature processing;
- home or free range.
How to give pills to street people?
In high-risk conditions, for example, when free-range, or when feeding raw meat or fish, preventive deworming should be carried out with a shorter interval. 3-4 months. Obvious signs of infection are the reason for unscheduled baiting of worms.
Prevention for large and small breeds
In terms of the frequency of preventive measures, there is no difference between large and small breeds. There are differences in the drugs used. For small and problem (allergic) breeds, the anthelmintic agent, the dosage and frequency of cleaning procedures, should be prescribed by a veterinarian. These are usually milder drugs, like for puppies.
With what break to spend at home?
For animals kept at home, with a walk under the supervision of the owner, preventive deworming procedures are sufficient. every six months. It is necessary to calculate the interval taking into account:
- vaccinations (7-10 days before each vaccination);
- the most turbulent period of invasion (penetration and reproduction of parasites in the body). February-March;
- the state of health is taken into account without fail. pregnancy, lactation period or recovery from illness, exhaustion, etc.
Do you know how often to worm a dog?
Helminths, or more simply worms, are one of the most dangerous diseases. A dog infected with parasites can not only be seriously injured, it is also source of danger to its owners. We will find out how and under what conditions it is necessary to worm the pet in order to reduce the risks for both parties.
Whether to treat with drugs pregnant and lactating?
During pregnancy and lactation, anthelmintic cannot be expelled, since parasite remedies can harm the offspring. Then the procedure is carried out either before mating (10-14 days), or 5-6 weeks after giving birth, at the end of feeding the puppies.
But with a strong invasion, when worms can do much more harm than drugs, the doctor can prescribe treatment.
How to give drugs to street pets
Animals that live or spend a lot of time outdoors are much more likely to become infected with worms. The dog can pick up worms, for example, by picking up something from the ground, drinking water from a puddle, and also contacting other animals. In this case, it is recommended to give the drug for worms 3-4 times a year.
Review of anthelmintic drugs
There are many dog worms out there. They can be both broad Spectra for preventive treatment and targeted action to get rid of a specific type of parasite. It is recommended to select the drug based on the age and weight of the animal, as well as the recommendations of the veterinarian.
Anthelmintic drugs are available in the form of tablets, drops, suppositories, suspensions and pastes. The release form does not play a key role when choosing a product. It is important that the owner is comfortable using it and accurately calculating the dose. For example, tablets and dragees are commonly used to worm adults and large dogs. Worms for puppies and small dogs are often produced as suspensions.
Here are the names of some of the anthelmintic drugs:
- Azipirine. The drug is intended for cats and dogs, available in tablets (1 tablet per 10 kg of body weight). Destroys flat and round worms. The advantage is low toxicity. Therefore it can be used for worming pregnant and lactating bitches. Puppies are allowed to give Azipirin from four weeks of age.
- Dehinel Plus. Anthelmintic agent that destroys round and tapeworms. Designed for dogs of large and medium breeds (1 tablet per 35 kg body weight). Suitable for deworming pregnant and lactating dogs in the second half of pregnancy. The drug can be given to puppies no earlier than 7 weeks.
- Prazitel. Has a broad spectrum of action against round and tapeworms. Available in the form of a suspension and tablets for puppies, dogs of small, medium and large breeds. The suspension is supplied with a special dosing syringe. The drug is contraindicated in puppies under 2 weeks of age, pregnant and lactating bitches, as well as malnourished animals.
- Drontal plus. It is taken at the rate of 1 tablet per 10 kg of animal weight. No prior diet or laxative intake is required. As a preventive measure, the drug is recommended to be used every 3 months, as well as 10 days before vaccination and 10 days before mating. This anthelmintic for puppies of small breeds, as well as dogs in the first 2/3 of pregnancy is contraindicated.
- Helmimax. The drug with three types of dosage: for dogs of small breeds (1 tablet per 2-4 kg body weight), medium (1 tablet per 5-10 kg body weight) and large breeds (1 tablet per 10-20 kg). The remedy is allowed to be taken by pregnant bitches, but no later than 3 weeks before childbirth. Chicken flavor makes the worm appetizing for the animal, but it can provoke an allergic reaction.
Someone prefers to remove parasites with folk remedies, for example, celandine, infusion of tansy, pumpkin seeds, garlic, etc. Some of them not only have no proven effectiveness, but can also be dangerous to the animal. If you are used to giving the dog decaris from worms, be sure to observe the dosage and take into account the contraindications.
Contraindications to worming
Preparations for worms are toxic, and their uncontrolled use can provoke a deterioration in the health of the animal. Deworming has a number of contraindications that must be taken into account. Deworming is contraindicated:
- sick, weak and emaciated animals;
- dogs after surgery;
- puppies up to 2 weeks old;
- if the animal has external parasites: fleas, lice, ticks.
Anthelmintics should be given with caution:
- pregnant and lactating dogs;
- animals with chronic diseases;
- animals prone to allergies.
How to worm a puppy and an adult dog correctly
Before you start driving away the worms, it is recommended to prepare the animal’s body using some kind of immunostimulant. If this is your first time giving a worm medicine to your dog, you should have an absorbent handy. An absorbent is also necessary when you give anthelmintic drugs to puppies and weakened animals. Before giving your dog a remedy for worms, you need to get rid of fleas and ticks.
If there are no specific indications in the instructions for the drug, it is better to give the worm remedy to the animal in the morning on an empty stomach. Before deworming, the pet must be weighed in order to correctly calculate the dosage of the drug. Do not give the remedy “by eye”. an overdose can cause poisoning.
If the pet vomits or spits out part of the pill, the second dose of the drug does not need to be given immediately. It is better to repeat the procedure after 10-14 days. It is advisable that the dog has a bowel movement within 6-8 hours after taking the drug. If this does not happen, you can give your pet a laxative. When using drops on the withers, it is not recommended to bathe the dog for at least 2 hours after treatment.
Important! Anthelmintic drugs often cause dehydration and thirst. Therefore, the dog must have free access to clean drinking water.
How and when to worm dogs and puppies
Worms are a serious threat to the dog’s body. The toxins released by parasites poison the body of the animal, and their large accumulation can cause intestinal blockage and even lead to the death of the pet. Some types of helminths living in a dog’s body are dangerous to humans. We will figure out how to correctly and how often to worm a dog in order to protect ourselves and our pet.
Worms can even appear in newborn puppies. They get infected from their mother, for example, through the placenta or milk. Therefore, the first processing is done 3-4 weeks after birth. It is important to use special preparations marked “for puppies”.
The second time worming of puppies should be carried out 10 days after the first dose of the drug. This is necessary in order to remove the decay products of parasites from the body.
Condition after cleaning: norm and deviations
Toxic substances in the composition of the drug and the decay products of parasites in the animal’s body can provoke intoxication. Therefore, it is important to monitor the condition and behavior of the dog, especially in the first hours after taking the anthelmintic.
- lack of coordination, wobbly gait;
- dilated pupils;
- increased salivation;
- vomiting of mucus, watery diarrhea after anthelmintic;
- pallor or cyanosis of the mucous membranes;
- the dog does not eat and refuses water;
- can’t go to the toilet.
If the dog is sick after the worm, it is necessary to induce vomiting in the pet to vomit, and then give him an absorbent. If this does not help, you need to contact your veterinarian.
Important! If your pet is very lethargic after handling, pay attention to its stool. If there are no dead worms in them, chances are that they have curled up into a ball that cannot pass through the intestines. Perhaps the pet got sick because of this.
In order not to have to treat a pet for worms, it is important to pay attention to preventive measures. And this is not only the timely use of pharmaceuticals. Try not to let the animal go for a walk, and while walking, watch the pet so that it cannot eat something from the ground, drink water from a puddle or open reservoir. Also, do not forget to treat the animal from fleas, which are carriers of eggs of internal parasites.
Helminths don’t have days off
Yorkie owners are faced with an unpleasant pet disease. helminthiasis. Helminthiases are parasitic diseases that are caused by parasitic worms. helminths. Helminths parasitize in the organs of the dog: gastrointestinal tract, lungs, liver, heart. Worms cause irreparable harm to the pet’s body. They cause metabolic disorders, allergic reactions, reduce immunity.
The pet is infected with worms in several ways. Let’s tell you more about them.
Safe for an adult Yorkie and a puppy
Prazitel is safe for an adult dog and a puppy from two weeks of age. Its composition is optimized for the type and weight of the pet. There are no side effects when used correctly.
When is the best time to vaccinate
The first vaccination for a Yorkie is given at the age of 8-9 weeks. After 14 days, the procedure is repeated.
Important. If the owner does not have a veterinary education, then the dog cannot be vaccinated at home.
At the first vaccination, drugs such as Nobivak or Multican are used. The same drug is used for the second vaccination. Despite the diminutive size of the dog, the dosage is not reduced.
The third vaccination is given after the change of teeth. This happens at about 7-8 months of the dog’s life. The drug is used the same.
After vaccination, a Yorkie should form an adequate response to the pathogen. Therefore, when caring for an animal, the owner must adhere to certain rules.
It is allowed to bathe the dog only 7-14 days after the procedure. Otherwise, the animal may “catch” a cold disease.
It is important to limit contact of the Yorkie with relatives and other animals. The pet’s body is still vulnerable to viruses. A virus can live on the coat of another dog, which is easily transmitted to a newly vaccinated puppy.
All puppies at the age of 2-8 months are placed in a two-week quarantine for a while.
Pathognomonic flora lives in the external environment. You can walk with a Yorkie, but it is advisable to avoid contact with grass and soil. The dog can do all the things at home, in a special tray. Walking, especially in cold weather, should be short. At the same time, the dog needs to wear a special blanket.
How to Deworm a Puppy Yourself At Home (and what you must know beforehand)
You can’t put too much stress on a young Yorkie. It is advisable to train and train the dog later, after passing all routine vaccinations.
There are no specific dietary recommendations. They are discussed with the veterinarian individually.
How to treat a Yorkie puppy for worms
To treat a Yorkie puppy from worms, anthelmintic drugs are used, intended for his age. Before using the product, weigh the pet and observe the dosage indicated in the instructions for the preparation. The first anthelmintic treatment of a puppy is recommended to be done from two weeks of age.
Prevention of infection of the dog
Follow these rules and protect your pet from worm infestation:
- Treat yorkie with anthelmintic drugs once every 3 months
- Clean and disinfect the pet area regularly
- Don’t give your dog raw fish and meat.
- Avoid stray dogs while walking
Next, we will share the secret of what drug for helminths is given to their pets by most owners and breeders of Yorkshire terriers.
How often to worm
The frequency of deworming in adult animals is individual, but must necessarily comply with the following rules:
- In order to prevent anthelmintic drugs, they are given once every 3-6 months.
- To minimize the risk of infection of the offspring, 2 weeks before mating, each partner is given an anthelmintic drug.
- Due to the high likelihood of a drop in immunity with helminthic invasion of dogs, anthelmintics 7-10 days before vaccination.
The frequency of preventive deworming depends on:
- Diet. With dry feeding, the risk of infection with helminths is minimal. An increased danger arises when feeding raw meat and offal, therefore, in this case, the animal is given the drug every quarter.
- The number of walks in the fresh air. If the pet relieves the need at home, then the likelihood of infection is reduced. The frequency is reduced to 2 times a year. Please note that the lack of direct contact with the street does not provide a 100% guarantee of safety. Worm eggs can get into the house on the owner’s things.
Deworming in puppies depends on the vaccination schedule recommended by the veterinarian. As a rule, vaccinations are for:
- 2-2.5 months (distemper, parvovirus enteritis, leptospirosis, viral hepatitis)
- 3-4 months (rabies and revaccination against diseases from the first point).
After the last compulsory vaccination and up to six months, the puppy will worm once a month. 6-month-old pets are transferred to the schedule recommended for adult dogs.
Due to the toxicity of anthelmintics, veterinarians are advised to regularly take tests that identify a specific type of parasite. The result obtained allows you to avoid taking complex drugs that have a more destructive effect on the body.
The breed and size of the animal do not affect the frequency of deworming, but are key factors in determining the dosage:
- Adult and large dogs. For every 10 kg of weight, the pet is given 1 tablet.
- Puppies and small-breed dogs. For animals weighing less than 10 kg, you will have to divide 1 tablet into several doses. For simplicity, it is recommended to use suspensions, where 1 ml of the drug is recommended per 1 kg of weight.
How often do you need to worm a dog?
Every dog has helminths. Apparently, they perform some kind of useful function. But in pets with an imperfect or weakened immune system, worms begin to multiply uncontrollably and cause disease. The article devotes pet owners to how often it is necessary to worm a dog for prevention at the age of one year and older.
How often it is necessary to worm a dog up to a year
Puppies become infected with worms from mothers in utero or in the first days of life, swallowing eggs that are on the nipples or hairs. Therefore, dog handlers drive out helminths as early as possible. Most anthelmintics cannot be used at this age. There are preparations in the form of a suspension, which are allowed to be given to puppies from two weeks.
If you notice worms in a cub, do not risk it. Perform deworming under medical supervision. Re-treat your pet 7-14 days before the first vaccination so that helminths do not prevent the immune system from producing antibodies against pathogens of especially dangerous diseases. The third antihelminthic treatment should be carried out 3 months after the second. If the puppy is sick, deworming is postponed until he recovers.
How often do you need to worm a dog for up to a year? If veterinarians practice the third vaccination at the age of six months, then preventive deworming should be carried out 1-2 weeks before it. With the monthly or quarterly use of Spot drops, which contain an anthelmintic component, additional treatment against worms is not carried out. Combined action drops that contain Ivermectin or Aversectin cannot be used for certain dog breeds. Therefore, they should be dewormed with oral suspensions or tablets.
Worming for prevention
Helminths block the absorption of nutrients from the intestines, their larvae migrate, clog small vessels, which leads to a stroke, injure the lungs and bronchi, and provoke the onset of bronchopneumonia. With high worm-clogging, helminths knock into tangles, clog the intestines, and cause its obstruction. Metabolic products cause intoxication, affect the immune system, make the body defenseless against bacteria and viruses. It is completely impossible to expel worms. The main goal is to reduce the number of parasites to a level at which they cannot harm the body.
It takes 3 months from the infection of the pet to the onset of clinical symptoms. Therefore, veterinarians recommend carrying out preventive deworming on a quarterly basis. Dog breeders are increasingly using Spot-on drops, which contain components that exterminate fleas and worms. In the warm season, the drugs are used monthly. In the cold half of the year, drops are applied to the withers quarterly.
How often do you need to worm a dog after a year
An adult animal has a tense immune system and copes with helminths on its own. How often do you need to worm a dog after a year? They come according to the situation. If the pet feels well, he does not observe symptoms of worm infestation, then he is deworming once every six months. Breeders deworm the bitch 2-3 weeks before the planned mating.
If worms are found in a puppy or lactating bitch, then they expect the end of lactation, because antihelminthic drugs can harm fetuses and newborn babies. Elderly pets are not given unless absolutely necessary, because poisoning with the active substances of anthelmintic or toxins that are secreted by dying parasites may occur.
Drops on the withers
This method is one of the most progressive, since it even copes with ticks and fleas. The impact goes through the skin. Drops are applied precisely to the withers so that the dog does not reach the treated area with his tongue and does not get poisoned. The most popular drops include Stronghold and Advocaat.
The well-being of the animal is important for good owners. Since tape, flat and round worms have a detrimental effect on the dog and deplete the body, it is recommended to worm it for prevention. Otherwise, you may not notice that the four-legged friend has suffered internal organs or the body has been exposed to toxins. In puppies, the consequences can be especially disastrous, because parasites deprive them of their fragile body of such important vitamins and minerals.
Even a pirantel designed for humans is suitable for fighting the most common helminths. True, it is not suitable for prevention, because it does not cope with all types of parasites. Pyrantel comes in the form of tablets and suspensions. Suitable for the treatment and prevention of ascariasis, hookworm disease, toxocariasis, uncinariosis.
Usually the drug is given in the morning after a meal in the form of tablets. The required amount is calculated based on the weight of the animal. Since Pyrantel is intended for humans, it is best to consult a veterinarian regarding its appropriateness.
No, not worth it. It is best to do this 2 weeks before estrus.
The procedure for getting rid of worms in a dog is quite simple. Any antiparasitic agent from the first aid kit is suitable, where there are 2 or 3 active substances. Among them are praziquantel, febantel, piperazine. There are funds in different forms: drops, tablets, suspensions.
Important! Follow the instructions and do not change the proportions. Even minor unauthorized adjustments can be critical.
How many times (how often)
There are different views here too. Veterinarians agree that it is better not to stress the dog once again, as such a procedure is associated with toxic substances. For the first time, a puppy will worm 3 weeks after birth or later. Further. once every 3 months or six months. Your dog’s diet can influence the optimal frequency of the process.
For example, dry food is not as dangerous as raw meat. Accordingly, if you limit yourself to high-quality artificial nutrition, it will be necessary to worm an adult dog about once a year. If the animal lives on the street, the risk of helminths entering the body increases and for it the optimal processing interval is 4 months.
So, if you are planning several vaccinations within 12 months, make sure that the frequency of deworming does not exceed 2-4 times a year.
How, why and how to worm a dog
The owners often need to worm a dog. For example, before vaccination and vaccination, or before sterilization. The most conscientious people do it more often for preventive purposes. Many pet owners understand the dangers of worms to their pet’s health (especially for puppies). The ingress of eggs of parasites into the body is inevitable: this is caused by a stick raised with the mouth from the ground, a piece of raw meat eaten, water drunk from a puddle.
Why, how and with what to anthelmintic? These are the main questions that dog owners are concerned about. We will discuss them below.
- Why worm a dog
- Before complex vaccination or vaccination
- Before sterilization
- For prevention
- How to worm before vaccination or vaccination
- How many days before vaccination or vaccination
- How many times (how often)
- How to worm before sterilization
- How many days before sterilization
- Than anthelmintic
- Drops on the withers
- At home
- The better
- Frequently asked questions
- Is it possible to worm in such situations
- During heat
- During pregnancy or lactation
- Before sterilization
- After sterilization
There are no strict priorities, but more expensive brand name drugs are often more effective. Cheap meat-smelling pills will be eaten willingly, but may not work.