Life expectancy of a German shepherd: how many live on the street and at home
Every dog owner would like his pet to be with him healthy and cheerful as long as possible.
But all animals, like people, tend to grow old, change habits and behavior.
You need to be prepared for this, because it is important to be able to take care of a dog at any age.
A careful and correct attitude will help keep her healthy and ensure long years of life.
We will learn more about everything further from the article.
How to determine age?
The most accurate way to determine the age of a German shepherd is by its appearance:
- If the puppy has already opened his eyes and is running around with might and main, it means that he is already a month old;
- The compact and fat puppy, exploring the territory and weighing at least 10 kg, is most likely two months old;
- When the ears of a German shepherd begin to stand up houses, and the tail and limbs become disproportionately large, it means that she is already 3 months old;
- If you notice that the puppy has begun to shed, he is already 4 months old;
- The ears are completely raised and the set of teeth changes when the puppies reach 6 months. He is already becoming more and more like an adult dog.
- The dog is actively growing up to 10 months. At 10 months old she already looks like an adult dog;
- At 13 months, the dog’s coat completes its transformation and acquires a rich and final color;
- When the child’s features completely disappear from the dog, this is clearly visible on the face, which means that its age has reached 2 years. She becomes harsher outwardly;
- Over time, the structure of the coat begins to change. this indicates the aging of the shepherd;
- When you notice that the coat has become more faded, gray hair has appeared on the face, and the pet’s eyes have dimmed, it means that he has entered a period of old age.
Once you’ve figured out what looks like, back up your observations with knowledge of German shepherd behavior.
The peak of pet activity occurs from birth to 4 years. Then the dog starts to get tired of his usual physical activities, and they have to be reduced.
When the dog is very lazy doing the exercises, it says that old age and peace have come. Now you only need to warm up with the shepherd, but not overload it.
It is necessary to distribute mental and physical activity, based on the age of the dog.
Experienced German Shepherd breeders and owners understand that creating the right menu for a German Shepherd is only difficult at first. Then there is no problem with that.
Basic principles of a dog’s diet:
- Proteins. up to 70%. These are meat without bones and fat, offal, cottage cheese, milk and eggs;
- Carbohydrates. up to 40%. They should be slow. cereals, as well as vegetables, fruits with fast carbohydrates, and fiber;
- Fat. 20% to 40%. They must be of plant and animal origin.
Despite the fact that proteins are very useful for shepherd dogs, you should not focus only on proteins. Your dog needs all vitamins.
You need to choose food that suits your dog at its age.
For example, for a puppy, they reduce the fat content of food so as not to cause obesity, and for an adult dog, on the contrary, they increase the amount of protein.
Conclusion and conclusions
Your pet’s lifespan is largely up to you.
To prolong his health and stay on earth, you need to take care of his health, condition, give attention and love.
Treat your dog like a family member. love and protect, and then it will give many years on the earth next to you.
Age versus human years
|Human age||Age of the German Shepherd||Matching ratio|
|14 months.||2 months.||7.0|
|5 years||6 months.||10.0|
|9 years||8 months.||12.5|
|14 years||12 months.||14.0|
|20 years||18 months.||13.3|
|24 years||2 years||12.0|
|30 years||3 years||10.0|
|36 years||4 years||9.0|
|40 years||5 years||8.0|
|42 years||6 years||7.0|
|49 years old||7 years||7|
|56 years||8 years||7|
|63 years||9 years||7|
|65 years||10 years||6.5|
|71 years||11 years||6.5|
|75 years||12 years||6.2|
|80 years||13 years||6.3|
|84 years||14 years||6.2|
|87 years old||15 years||5.8|
|89 years||16 years||5.6|
Depending on the type
Life expectancy does not depend on the type of German Shepherd. it directly depends on the care.
But many years of experience have proved that dogs with a rare coat color have the greatest endurance, and therefore great longevity.
Dogs with a color that disqualifies the standard, on the contrary, have lower vitality indicators in old age. This is due to a mutation at the genetic level, because their color is not typical for a German shepherd.
Variety of breeds
Shepherd dogs differ from each other not only in appearance, height, weight and shade of coat, but also have different life expectancy.
- German. Germany is considered its homeland, but it is spread all over the world. Representatives of this breed are quite large. 60 cm at the withers and weighing up to 50 kg. The coat color can be black-red, white, black. Lives about 13 years.
- Eastern European. Service breed created in the USSR. Calm and hardy dog, its height is from 62 to 75 cm, and its weight is 30-50 kg. The color of the coat is varied, reminiscent of a German shepherd. Life span. 12-14 years.
- Caucasian. Large breed of dogs, bred in the Caucasus Mountains. Their weight reaches 100 kg with a height of about 80 cm. The color of the coat is very different: cream, white, gray, brown. Life expectancy. 11 years.
- Central Asian. This shepherd dog is from the genus of the oldest dogs of the nomadic peoples of Asia. It is slightly smaller in size, and does not differ much in color from its Caucasian relatives. With good care and favorable conditions, it can live up to 15 years.
- Scottish. The dog, better known as the collie, weighs only 25 kg and is approximately 60 cm tall. Its chic long coat of red, sable or tan requires careful grooming. Scottish Shepherd can live 17 years.
- Greek. Sheepdog is native to the mountainous regions of Greece. A strong and muscular dog of medium size. Its weight can reach 50 kg, and its height is a little more than 50 cm. The coat is white, black and gray. Average life expectancy is 12-14 years.
- Swiss. Quite a young breed. The dog is small: with a height of 60 cm, it weighs about 30 kg. A distinctive feature of this shepherd dog is the white coat color. She lives from 10 to 12 years.
- Catalan. Her homeland is the Pyrenees Mountains. These shepherd dogs are independent and independent, like real Spaniards. They have a peculiar appearance, and their long and dense coat of light shades requires careful maintenance. The size of the dogs is less than average: the weight of an adult is 18 kg, and the height is 40 cm.Can live 11-14 years.
What factors affect the lifetime?
Many circumstances affect the life of a shepherd dog. Each of these factors can significantly shorten the animal’s eyelid. In order for a dog belonging to a variety of shepherd breeds to live the maximum period, special attention must be paid to:
- health and physical development;
- quality of food;
- mental state of the dog.
The lifespan of a shepherd dog may depend on its gender. It has been noticed that females live on average 2 years longer than males. The size of the animal also plays an important role.
Large dogs, weighing up to 100 kg, do not live long, due to early wear of the skeletal system.
Correct and rational nutrition of a pet has a positive effect on longevity. Be sure to alternate dry and liquid food and not deprive the dog of meat. To maintain vigorous activity, the protein part of the diet should be 70% of the shepherd’s feed.
Congenital abnormalities and diseases that can affect life expectancy:
- too small stature and disproportionate body;
- deformation of the bones of the skull (long or short muzzle, narrow forehead);
- sexual dysfunction, cryptorchidism;
- mild pigmentation of the coat or iris of the eyes.
However, it also happens that the owner is to blame for the premature death of the animal. Due to his ignorance or inexperience, and sometimes deliberately, the owner can put the life and health of the dog at risk. Shepherd dogs in a tight, hot room, lack of physical and mental stress, frequent mating for commercial purposes leave their negative mark.
How many shepherd dogs live and what does it depend on?
Sheepdog is the most popular and varied breed of dog. All of its types are united by common and invariable qualities: loyalty, devotion to the owner, good nature and learning. Whichever variety you choose, you will find a reliable friend, protector and companion for the next 10-12 years, and possibly more. The whole variety of species of this breed is rooted in the distant past. The ancestors of shepherd dogs were dogs who helped shepherds drive herds of livestock. These are freedom-loving animals, but their affection for the owner is striking.
When a dog appears in the house, this is certainly a reason for joy. Pleasant puppy care, fun games and the energy emanating from the dog give the owner positive emotions. And the thought that the life span of a shepherd dog is much less than ours does not visit.
Home improvement for a dog
An ideal solution would be a fenced aviary with a solid wooden booth. The place for the enclosure must be chosen so that in cold weather the dog can find a sunny place for itself, and in hot weather it can hide in the shade. For German, East European and other small breeds of shepherd dogs, a fenced area of 10 sq. m. Representatives of large breeds. Caucasian and Central Asian, will need more space. up to 20 square meters. m.
The boards for the booth should be smoothly trimmed so that the dog does not accidentally get hurt. The size of the dog’s dwelling must match the size of the dog. The size of the booth is considered optimal when the dog enters it without difficulty, turns around and assumes a comfortable posture. Extra space can lead to hypothermia of the animal.
East European Shepherd
Above the booth, at a height of three meters, you can build a canopy. In summer, he will protect her from direct sunlight, and in rain or snow, the dog will stay warm and dry.
How many years do they live at home?
If it is not possible to keep the dog on the street, it does not matter. A representative of any breed of shepherd dog is able to adapt to life in an apartment. The place of residence of the animal will not prevent it from setting a record for longevity. 15 or 16 years.
When planning the purchase of a puppy, you need to take into account that the dog needs a certain personal space. Daily walks outside in any weather, twice a day and lasting at least an hour should not scare you. We must be prepared for the fact that during the shedding the wool will need to be cleaned several times a day in all corners of the apartment.
If compliance with these conditions is not a problem, and you are ready even for big “sacrifices”, then you can immediately go for a new family member.
Once in the apartment, the shepherd puppy must go through a period of adaptation: learn all new subjects, get to know family members. For his own safety, access to wires, shoes, clothes, children’s toys should be limited.
A permanent place for sleeping and resting a shepherd should be away from heating appliances and drafts. These factors can have a negative impact on the health of the pet, and, therefore, on its life expectancy.
If you need to isolate the dog from others for a while and the dimensions of the apartment allow, you can purchase a special indoor aviary.
East European Shepherd Dog History And Information
Features of content on the street
The booth and aviary must be regularly cleaned and disinfected. It is very good if the shepherd is accustomed to pee outside of it. An outdoor dog should be checked daily for insect bites, ticks, splinters and minor injuries.
With frequent walking, the shepherd’s claws grind off on their own and do not cause discomfort to the animal. If physical activity is not enough, it provokes excessive growth, which can lead to injuries to the paws. In this case, claws should be cut with special veterinary forceps.
A dog living in an aviary molts in the spring and fall. The owner’s task is to comb out and remove the molt in time, preventing the formation of hairballs. You can bathe your pet as it gets dirty, but try to do it infrequently, and only in the warm season. The undercoat of the animal creates an air gap that maintains optimal body temperature, both in cold and hot weather.
Life expectancy of outdoor shepherds
All varieties of shepherd dogs are freedom-loving animals that need constant physical exertion. They just need a long daily walk. They are certainly beautiful and loyal dogs. But, first of all, you need to remember that these are reliable guards capable of protecting the owner and their territory. And the lifespan of an animal is directly related to the habitat created by the owner.
Sheepdogs have a thick coat with a dense undercoat, so they feel quite comfortable outside at any time of the year. But this is not a reason to leave your dog to sleep right in the snow. In order for a pet to live a long full life and delight its owner, you need to take care of its place of residence.
Shepherd dogs live in outdoor conditions for at least 12 years.
And with careful care, the absence of hereditary diseases and compliance with all the rules of upbringing, the life of a pet will noticeably last.
In the description of the breed, it is indicated that the average life expectancy should be 12-14 years. There were no significant differences between males and females in the length of life.
But these data describe only a certain average option, and how many years a particular pet will spend next to the owner depends on several conditions.
Factors affecting the lifespan of the East European Shepherd Dog include:
East European Shepherd Dog Breed. German Shepherd Difference
- genetic predisposition;
- physical health;
- conditions of detention;
- emotional background.
Each of these factors can affect both positively and negatively.
A puppy taken from trusted parents, receiving high-quality veterinary care, including vaccinations and examinations according to age, eating well, provided with the necessary physical activity and raised in an emotionally safe environment, has every chance of becoming a “long-liver”, reaching the age of 15-16 years.
Therefore, to find out exactly how many years the East European Shepherd Dog lives, no one can say, it all depends on the above factors and their execution by the owner.
Sexual activity plays a role. sterilized individuals have a slightly longer lifespan.
The current position of the rocks
In our time, the position of these breeds on the world stage is different. German Shepherds are recognized by the international community and are very popular. Cynologists all over the world monitor the condition of the breed and keep it at a high level, confirming the high status and prestige of their clubs, so finding a puppy who would be a good representative of his tribe and have a decent pedigree is not difficult.
The representatives of the VEO were much less fortunate. Until now, this breed has not been recognized by the FCI (International Cynological Federation), therefore it is extremely rare in the world. By and large, such dogs can be found only on the territory of countries that were once part of the USSR. These dogs are not as popular as their German counterparts, so there are few breeder clubs and the breed suffers from degeneration. over, they are often mixed with the Germans to increase the ability to train. Finding a puppy that would meet all breed standards is difficult now.
Table of height and weight of a puppy BEO by months
There are changes in other parameters of the shepherd.
Attitude towards children and other pets
Despite its impressive size and fighting appearance, the East European Shepherd loves children, is able to frolic for hours with kids without harming them. The owner’s children are perceived by a devoted dog as the main friends and objects of basic protection. “Vostochnik” does not offend other domestic animals, which may even be several times smaller than the BEO. Often, adult dogs take care of and dearly love pets that live with him in the same room.
Exterior and painting
The differences between these two breeds are most noticeable in their appearance. The VEO is often much larger. The German Shepherd is much shorter. By standards, the height of an East European Shepherd bitch is equal to the height of a German male, which is about 60 cm. This speaks volumes, since female dogs are usually smaller and lighter than males. Weight for individuals of these breeds differs by an average of 10 kg. The most pronounced difference is the back line. If in a German shepherd dog its slope averages 23 ° to the horizon, then the East European dog has an almost flat back, the height at the rump is usually just slightly less than the height at the withers. The depth of the chest also varies. Eastern European dogs have a much wider chest than their German counterparts. The difference is also strongly noticeable in the paws: in the BEO, they are much larger and look more powerful. Due to such differences in appearance, even the gait is very different. If the German shepherd, due to the structural features of the back, moves at a creeping trot, then the East European run is much more sweeping, with strong jerks.
But the color of these dogs is often the same. They can be black and black with a mask, zoned with gray, black and tan in various colors. Although BEO colors are more varied. Black or zone-red individuals among them can be found much more often.
So, the East European Shepherd is much larger than the German, has a different back structure, which leads to a difference in the way of running, and the variety of colors in this breed is somewhat wider than that of the Germans.
The kitten grows very actively during the first weeks. 30 days after birth, the height of the withers becomes 23-27 centimeters. Veo weighs from three to five kilograms at this age.
At the age of one month, puppies still need mother’s milk
At the age of one month, small puppies gain weight faster than large ones, although they do not always catch up with them. But often even those that were smaller than standard at birth reach average parameters. For the first 4 weeks, the kitten increases its body weight by 6-8 or more times.
Monthly weight gain should be about 3-5 kg, and growth should increase by 2 cm.From the carousels, which weigh more than 5 kg per month, dogs subsequently grow damp, loose.
At the age of a month and a half, an East European Shepherd puppy looks like a small bear cub with rather short legs and an egg-shaped body. Hanging ears make it look like a cute stuffed toy.
Shepherd dogs are born toothless. By 4 weeks, they already have both upper and lower canines.
Attitude towards strangers
The East European Shepherd Dog is distinguished by its vigilance towards strangers, but thanks to its calm character and balanced psyche, it is able to adequately assess the actions of strangers.
Development of a BEO puppy by months
To be sure that the health of the pet is in complete order, you need to keep a diary from birth, in which you note the weight and growth of the East European Shepherd Dog by month. The parameters will be normal if they do not differ much from the average weight adopted by the standards. Also track the growth of the East European Shepherd.
History of the development of the breed
1904-1905. during the Russo-Japanese period, the first mentions of the “Easterners”, who served in the liaison and sanitary services, are found. In addition to the increased level of endurance and performance, the new breed was distinguished by unquestioning discipline, selfless devotion and high intelligence.
1922-1940. with the coming to power of I.V. Stalin, work continued to consolidate the positive qualities of the new breed. With the increasing repression, the new government required a huge number of hardy service dogs to guard the prisoners. In 1924, the Krasnaya Zvezda kennel and service dog breeding clubs were established to control mating, selection of purebred sires and registration of offspring. For the further work of dog handlers and breeders who bred a new breed, new purebred German shepherd producers were required. Puppies of “Germans” from Germany were purchased exclusively for foreign currency, but due to a shortage of funds and the infusion of fresh blood until the end of World War II, the selection of VEO was suspended. During this period, East European and German shepherds in the USSR were often considered the same breed.
1941-1945. during the Great Patriotic War, about 60 thousand individuals of the East European Shepherd Dogs were actively used at the front and in the rear, thanks to which the breed earned recognition and received the name of the most patriotic breed. In Honor of a brave and selfless front dog, a bronze monument was erected on Poklonnaya Hill, the prototype of which was the VEO. After the end of hostilities, many adult specimens of trophy German shepherds remained on the territory of the USSR, which were used for further breeding of the breed and consolidating outstanding qualities.
1964-1990. BEO officially became a subspecies of the German Shepherd and received recognized breed standards in 1964 and 1976. Before the collapse of the USSR, Soviet dog handlers carried out active breeding work to improve and consolidate positive breed qualities.
East evropean shepherd dog Efa winner of exhibitions 1965, 1966 and 1967.
1991-2002. after the collapse of the USSR, the German Shepherd received an international standard, and the “East Europeans” were recognized as an illegal breed. Representatives of the New Soviet breed were not admitted to exhibitions and were excluded from cynological associations. During this difficult time, the Association of Breeding Kennels VEO and the Union of East European Shepherd Dog Lovers were formed, which are still engaged in breeding VEO, controlling mating, maintaining the purity of the breed, holding exhibitions and competitions.
In 2002, the Russian Cynological Federation officially recognized the East European Shepherd Dog as an independent breed with the approval of modern standards.