Budgerigar: breeding at home
Increasingly, as pets, people choose not dogs and cats, but budgies. These birds have earned immense popularity and love of millions of people around the world. Budgerigars in nature keep in large flocks, but in captivity it is better to keep no more than two birds. They gained their popularity thanks to the numerous variations in plumage colors. In order to keep a budgerigar, you do not need to be an ornithologist or a veterinarian, just follow simple rules. Thanks to this, many people breed parrots and create whole flocks of birds. The budgerigar, the reproduction of which is not difficult, is gaining more and more fans. If earlier only breeders were engaged in breeding, now many lovers of these wonderful birds.
Features of breeding budgies
The budgerigar, which can be reproduced in captivity, requires the creation of certain conditions for the successful incubation of eggs and feeding of chicks. The birds reach sexual maturity by 1 year in males and by 1.5 years in females. It is undesirable to allow parrots under one year old to reproduce, since the body is weak and not ready for such a load. Only healthy birds can be allowed into the clutch. Pets should receive a varied diet that contains many vitamins. Breeding budgies at home does not require the construction of large cages and special structures, a small house is enough for laying eggs. It is also necessary to put sawdust and straw at the bottom of the house. In addition, it is worth reducing the daylight hours. The diet should include small eggshells and chalk. However, the latter should be in the cage not only during the laying period, it is necessary for the health of the birds. After that, the parrots begin to study the house, gradually staying inside for longer periods. As a rule, after a week they begin to actively mate and after 8-10 days the first egg appears. As soon as the clutch has begun, the female begins to incubate and lay the rest of the eggs, approximately one every two days. Usually, the female lays from 8 to 13 eggs for the entire period. The best breeding time is autumn and spring. These are the most favorable periods for birds.
Budgerigar: reproduction and nutrition
During the breeding season, the diet of budgerigars should be as balanced as possible and contain many vitamins. The diet should contain greens. dandelion leaves, plantain leaves and others. Vegetables and fruits are also good, but it is better not to abuse the latter, they cause increased activity of the bird’s stomach, which is undesirable for the female during this period.
Matching a pair for breeding
- how much does a budgerigar cost. a young, healthy bird cannot be cheap;
- conditions of detention. the cells must be clean;
- the state of the bird. it must be active.
One of the clear advantages of breeding and keeping parrots at home is a greater number of laid eggs, and therefore chicks. For example, if in the wild, parrots lay up to five eggs, then at home. from ten to twelve. It is worth noting that parrots breed from about the third or fourth year of life. It is by this time that you need to try to create good conditions for successful breeding.
The first thing you need to equip a bird dwelling is a nest. If a pair of birds lives in the cage, then only one nest needs to be installed, but if there are several pairs, then the corresponding number. The egg-laying site may look like an ordinary nest, but it can also be built in the form of a small house, mink or mini-shed. The design can be chosen according to your taste. It is important to equip the socket with a removable cover.
The optimum temperature for breeding birds is 20 to 24 degrees. The humidity should be high. 70%. To create such conditions, it is necessary to additionally purchase a lamp, put sponges with water on the cage, and, of course, purchase a thermometer with a hygrometer. Of course, the cage itself should be spacious for birds. They should move freely along it, without the risk of injury to the wings on the rods.
The most important breeding requirement to be satisfied is to mate. The birds must be settled together, and if after a while they began to clean each other’s feathers or “kiss”, then we can assume that they will soon lay eggs. If their relationship did not work out, then you need to resettle them in different cells as soon as possible.
Parrots are monogamous and stay with their chosen partner for life. Of course, it will be best if the parrot chooses a partner for himself. But if a breeder has chosen a partner, then there is nothing wrong with that. it will be enough to make sure that the individuals like each other.
An interesting fact: in the natural environment, parrots begin to reproduce only when there are suitable climatic conditions.
How to Stimulate Breeding In Parrots. Important Expert Advice
For them, as a rule, there are no certain months for hatching chicks. Sometimes couples do not build nests for several years. In the wild, parrots nest in tree holes.
Breeding parrots is an interesting and exciting business, but a lot depends on the breed of bird itself. Consider the best species of birds that can reproduce easily and quickly.
They are small in stature and weight, but can be aggressive. First of all, this is manifested in the killing of their offspring in the absence of proper conditions. Usually, the male is engaged in the destruction of chicks, so such a violent individual must be isolated in time in a separate dwelling. For the same reason, it is best to choose young parrots for breeding. The period of incubation of eggs is 20 days, after another 30-35 days the chicks are fed by the parents (not all males destroy the chicks). The chicks are later expelled by the mother, but she still feeds them for the next three weeks.
As already mentioned, these birds can start breeding at the age of three or four years. But in some breeds, reproduction can begin in a year and a half. It should be noted that the age of puberty in large breeds generally occurs later than in small parrots. Parrots usually start mating around mid-spring. This period can last until the end of summer.
Ideal conditions for the mating season are: 15-hour daylight hours, a temperature of about 25-26 degrees Celsius and an abundance of vitamin-rich feed. It is necessary to gradually increase daylight hours for parrots. A lamp is needed for these purposes. The temperature must also be gradually brought to the desired.
During the mating season, the male feeds the female, while she can demonstratively open her beak, asking for food. This is a kind of courtship period. If the female squints her eyes and is always near the male, then we can assume that soon both individuals will prepare for laying eggs.
Fertilization usually rarely occurs the first time, so the birds mate within a few days. After a few days, the female will lay the first egg.
Caring for chicks
After 10 days of incubation, you can see which eggs are fertilized. For this, it is enough to illuminate each egg with a flashlight. The embryo will be clearly visible in the fertilized eggs. Usually at that time it is a collection of pulsating vessels. If you find an unfertilized egg, then you do not need to throw it away. It is able to warm the rest of the eggs. Thus, you can find out the approximate number of future chicks. In large breeds, this is usually from two to four parrots, and in small breeds, from four to eight. Eggs heavily smeared with natural bird waste must be carefully washed under water.
The chicks begin to peck at the egg from the blunt end. Quite rare, but a case is possible when two chicks (twins) live in one egg. Parrots begin to feed their cubs 12 hours after the first hatch. It is usually not difficult to feed chicks for adults at home. The female regurgitates the absorbed food into the chicks’ beaks. There is a widespread misconception about the great appetite of chicks. They actually stop asking for food as soon as their goiters are full.
As already noted, eggs are laid one per day, and then the chicks hatch in the same order as the eggs were laid. After hatching, the chicks are blind and have no feathers. A week later, they begin to see, after another 5-7 days, rudiments of feathers form on them. After half a month, the parrots are covered with down, and after another month. with feathers. All this time, individuals feed their chicks with goiter milk.
As a rule, the average period of chicks in the nest for small breeds is a month, and for large breeds. up to four months. 40 days after the chicks “left” from the nest, they can be transplanted into a cage separate from their parents.
If you are raising parrots in a purely home environment (small apartment), then in no case should you touch the nest with chicks before they are at least 10 days old. In aviaries for professional breeding of parrots, this is allowed, but only in extreme cases.
During this period, it will be best to take particular care of the newly-made parents and their nutrition.
Especially for them, you need to install a 20×20 cm house as a nest, and put several dozen twigs there. The female will build her nest from the branches, splitting them into fibers. On average, the period of incubation of eggs is a little over three weeks. After 40 days, the chicks are driven out of the nest by the mother, but she continues to feed them for the next couple of weeks. Usually breeding periods are from February to May or from August to October. These birds do not tolerate increased dry air.
All about breeding parrots
Keeping parrots at home is not difficult, because it represents minimal care and financial investment in various accessories. But reproduction of parrots is not an easy process, and requires some effort on the part of the owners. This article will tell you more about the conditions necessary for the reproduction of parrots.
Preparing a pair of lovebirds
It is recommended to plan 1.5-2 weeks for preparation. During this time, you should bring the light day of the pair to about 14 hours, carefully introduce irradiation with an ultraviolet lamp. If there is no such lamp, then daylight hours should be increased to 16 hours a day.
Also, changes are being made to the diet of lovebirds. Increase the amount of greens and fruits, add a mixture of fresh cottage cheese, grated carrots, finely chopped hard eggs and grated unsweetened bread. over, the mixture should be freshly prepared, and if it was nevertheless placed in a refrigerator for several hours, then warmed to room temperature. The mixture should be introduced gradually. from a teaspoon for a couple at the beginning of the preparatory period to two spoons at the end. Sprouted grains and young sprouts will be useful during this period.
Also, when breeding lovebird parrots, do not forget about mineral feeding.
They give offspring and couples that have not undergone training, but they consistently turn out to be fewer in number at the output and weaker.
Despite the fact that this breed of pets comes from Africa, the summer heat in our latitudes is not the best season for breeding lovebirds. Winter, however, too. Therefore, it is recommended to schedule pairing for spring or autumn, and closer to summer. In the northern regions, where the summer is very short and not hot, it is better to breed in the summer.
By the end of the preparation period, it is time to place the nesting house in the cage.
For the manufacture of a house, it is recommended to take dried boards about 2 cm thick, without traces of paint, mold, and foreign odors. And it is very desirable that at least the inner side remains rough, rough. Outer dimensions are recommended as follows: bottom with sides about 15-18 cm, height about 23-25 cm, entrance hole. about 5-7 cm in diameter. If the birds are large, the size should be adjusted upwards. It is also recommended to make an opening or removable cover that the birds themselves could not accidentally drop. Then you should provide future parents with material for the nest. These can be fresh thin twigs without thorns, if possible with a whole bark. Several branches can be immediately put into the house, but most of them should be left in a cage or cage, hanging in plain sight so that the birds can easily pull them out.
How to breed lovebirds at home
Successful breeding of lovebirds at home depends on a whole range of conditions and circumstances. over, if you correctly take into account all the factors, then it is quite possible to get healthy offspring successfully and regularly.
Selection and preparation of manufacturers
Size matters, or rather, the age and fatness of the birds.
It is worth starting the recommendation for preparing a pair of producers with the fact that both birds should be between the ages of one and four. over, if the bird has just reached the age of one year and looks medium-sized, thin, it is better not to rush and grow it a little more. Middle-aged parrots lovebirds. those who have reached 3.5-4 years are often already infertile, even if they have already brought offspring before.
Physical condition is also important. parrots should be normally well-fed, not thin and not too fat. Thinness combined with lethargy can be a sign of ill health, in addition, both underweight and overweight reduce the fertility of sires and can lead to weaker offspring.
- Age appropriate.
- Average body condition. If the birds do not have a thin, but still noticeable layer of subcutaneous fat on the abdomen, then they incubate eggs worse, tend to underfeed the chicks.
- Healthy, vigorous, active.
- Faded at least a month ago.
- Friendly to each other. Before preparing a couple for nesting, you need to at least make sure that the birds are located to each other, and several males and females are kept together, then it is better to track whether one of the males shows interest in the female and how this is perceived. Important: do not exclude young and healthy birds that have lost a pair from the number of producers, just make sure they are in good health and physical condition and try to set them up with a new partner. Lovebirds are parrots whose reproduction for some reason is considered complicated by their loyalty in a pair. So. practice shows that they are capable of both living alone and finding a new partner after the loss of the first.
- It is also desirable that the female and male are not closely related, unless the breeder plans to fix some inherited trait.
Nesting and its details
How do lovebirds arrange egg incubation? When these birds breed in captivity, some deviations in the construction of nests sometimes occur. Some of the birds are too zealous and ready to use all the materials that have turned up under the beak, not too proportioning the number of branches and the size of the house. Therefore, it is recommended to prepare branches in an amount that does not allow you to fill the house with a jam and then suffer from a lack of understanding of what to do with it. Some lazy females forget about building a nest in general or almost completely, so in this case it is worth giving the couple a house right away with a small armful of thinner twigs at the bottom. If the future mother is lazy to build a nest, these branches will be enough to incubate the clutch.
Sometimes from the owners of parrots I heard that they offered the birds sawdust or even paper as material for the nest, but in the latter case there is a tangible risk that the mother will lose some of the eggs in the paper heap and will not hatch them.
In case there is low humidity in the room where lovebird parrots are breeding, it is recommended to compensate for this by literally dripping a few drops of water onto the house, distributing it along the corners or walls. However, if there are dishes in the cage for bathing adult birds, they themselves will moisten the nest, climbing in there with wet feathers.
Laying, incubation and hatching of chicks
After the couple settles in the house / nest box, the amount of greens and fruits in the diet should be reduced, the mixture should be removed from grated products, but the sprouted grain, in addition to the usual feed, should be left.
Complementary feeding with a grated mixture should be started when the first chick is born. over, the dosage should be gradually brought to about one teaspoon per day for each bird. large and small. And when the youngest of the brood is in the second week, it’s time to start feeding with boiled cereals. oatmeal, millet, etc. Parents themselves will teach children to eat grain, and the breeder’s job is to make it easier for them.
The offspring should be taken away from the parents after the chicks begin to feed themselves completely, and the parents stop feeding them. There are times when this procedure is unusually delayed with one chick, but more often the reason for this is the children’s cunning of the chick, which seeks to stay under care for a longer time. If all other chicks of the brood have not been fed by their parents for several days, then the young can be removed.
An established pair is a great option for breeding lovebirds. They only need to be allowed to recover as much as possible with the help of feeding, very carefully clean the house, leaving as much as possible from the old familiar nest, and plant the growing brood in time.
After the grown chicks are planted, the adults sometimes start a new clutch. Pay attention, if the parents began to show even the slightest aggression towards the growing chicks, they need to be removed urgently, which means that the second clutch is approaching and instinct forces adults to make room for the future brood.
The third clutch in a row when breeding lovebirds is already undesirable, since it leads to the depletion of the female’s body and the appearance of weaker offspring. Therefore, when the second brood begins to get out of the nest, it is necessary to begin a smooth return of the lighting regime and diet to the usual ones. Of course, without prejudice to the brood with the parents. Gradually remove ultraviolet illumination, partly replenishing this by extending the light of an ordinary lamp, replace the grated egg in the bait with the addition of cottage cheese, and as soon as the last chick leaves the nest, remove the house from the cage.
Suitable breeding conditions
It is best when the mating season for parrots begins in late spring, summer and early autumn. At this time it is warm, a lot of sunshine, an abundance of greenery, fresh vegetables and fruits.
Not all breeders manage to breed parrots at home. The breeding process of most species of these birds is not difficult, the main thing is to create favorable conditions for them and know some of the nuances.
- Partners should like each other. If the female bites the male, hisses at him and pulls out his feathers, they will not create a pair that can reproduce. If she reciprocates his affection, they have a chance to soon become parents.
- The existing couple must be planted in a separate spacious cage.
- Be sure to prepare a nesting house. The mating process of parrots will not stop the absence of a nest, but the eggs will be unfertilized.
- In order to breed healthy offspring and keep their parents healthy, it is important to provide them with abundant nutrition, rich in nutrients. Although you should not be too zealous here, since obese parrots, as well as those with a lack of weight, refuse to hatch eggs and, subsequently, when chicks appear, do not feed them. Every day, the diet of pets should contain seedlings of grains and greens of wild herbs (plantain, dandelion and others), low-fat cottage cheese, chicken eggs, specialized vitamin and mineral supplements.
- To stimulate reproduction, you need to gradually increase daylight hours (up to 15 hours), using special lamps for this.
At what age do parrots begin to lay eggs
For beginners, breeding parrots at home should start with simple bird breeds that do not require special conditions. these are budgies, lovebirds and cockatiels.
In cockatiels, the ability to acquire offspring begins already at 7-8 months of age. However, often parrots that breed at an early age do not yet know what to do with the offspring, because it happens that their chicks die. It happens that in too young females the oviduct does not develop enough, because of which the egg can get stuck at the exit. Then you cannot do without the help of a specialist. The optimal age for breeding cockatiels is from 1.5-2 years to 5.
Budgerigars can lay eggs at 6-7 months of age. For males, such early breeding can lead to the fact that he will never become a speaker, but for a female it is fraught with death. This is due to the fact that when breeding at home, the genitals of these parrots develop more slowly than their counterparts in the wild. The minimum age for intercourse with wavy lines is from one year.
Lovebirds can breed from 9 months, but they should also not be allowed to breed at this age. Young parents are not mentally ready to raise offspring. They either do not care for him at all, or spend all their strength on feeding them to their own detriment. As a result, parents are weakened, which increases the risk of their death or raising unhealthy offspring. The optimal age for mating lovebirds is one to four years.
Courtship process: what preceded mating
The behavior of parrots during the mating season is very interesting. The male becomes especially attentive to his girlfriend: he cleans her feathers, tries to feed her from his beak, cheerfully tweets and sings, dances, showing off in front of her in all possible ways (shakes his head, raises a crest, spreads his wings, fluffs his tail).
If the female accepts his courtship, she also caresses him, squints, sits, snuggling up to the boyfriend. The female, ready for mating, favorably tilts her head, sits lower on the perch, the male first throws one paw on her, then the other, then climbs on it and, pushing her tail and hugging her wings, begins characteristic movements.
In this video, watch how cockatiel parrots fuck:
How parrots breed
If you have a couple of feathered pets, most likely you wondered: how do parrots breed, how do they mate, and whether special conditions need to be created for the successful appearance of healthy offspring.
How to tell if a female is pregnant
A few days after fertilization, the pregnant female becomes anxious and aggressive. She refuses to eat on her own, and during this period the male feeds her. Often her litter structure changes.
The female begins to pluck feathers in the area of the cloaca. After a few days, it will be possible to notice how this zone swells in her. this is a sign of readiness to lay an egg in the near future.
Do you know how parrots give birth? Birds are not viviparous, they lay eggs and incubate them. After a certain period, chicks hatch from eggs, but not all at once, but as eggs appear in the clutch. usually one chick every two or three days.
How to breed Indian Ringneck parrots at home and some usefull breedings tips in urdu hindi
Another sign of a female’s pregnancy is a noticeable wiggle of the tail. This shaking indicates that the bird is about to lay an egg. In this video, you can see how such a sign manifests itself in a female budgerigar:
How parrots mate
Considering that birds do not have genitals, they reproduce through contact of cloacas. The male is positioned on top of the female so that his cloaca is in contact with the female’s cloaca. At this moment, the female raises her tail and spreads her wings. The male seems to embrace her with his wings.
Testes with canals in males go directly into the cloaca, and in females, during mating, the oviduct and ovary open into the cloaca. For fertilization, the male will need to rub against the female’s cloaca, and this process can be repeated several times.
In this video, you can watch how budgerigars mate:
“alt =” How parrots breed “In nature, parrots reproduce quickly, as the pair is in danger at any time. Therefore, at home, the mating process can be quite fast, which is why the bird owners do not always notice it. Sometimes it is enough once for fertilization, but it happens that a couple can mate several times a day for several days, and sometimes weeks.
Mating of lovebird parrots takes longer than other parrots:
“alt =” How parrots reproduce “Fertilization occurs at the beginning of the oviduct. a mature egg, fertilized by the testes, along with the yellow bodies passes down the oviduct below. There it is covered with two membranes that look like parchment. after a while they will envelop the undershell part of the eggs. The shells of the eggs at the exit from this part of the oviduct collect water, swell and enter the uterus. Here, the eggs form a calcareous shell and the eggs are colored with pigments characteristic of a particular species of parrots. After the right time, the egg returns to the cloaca and then goes outside. this is how parrots are born.
How to breed parrots correctly
The whole process of breeding cockatiel parrots (courtship, researching the nesting house, how parrots mate and how to feed them correctly), see this
All of the above signs signal that the first egg should appear soon. During the nesting period, a couple should not be disturbed at all, and even more so. touch the house, since there is a great risk that the female will abandon her nest after that.
From the moment the house is mastered and until the first egg appears, a lot of time passes. up to one month. After which the female begins to lay eggs every other day. There may be 4–6 of them in the clutch. It depends on the age of the parent parrots, genetic predisposition and environmental factors.
On a note! As a rule, budgerigars, which reproduce in captivity, lay 5 eggs each. It is this amount that the female is able to evenly provide with heat to her body. If there are more eggs, professionals advise to additionally use an incubator.
Before planning the mating of budgies and the appearance of healthy offspring from them, you should carefully approach the formation of a pair for the role of parents. Both individuals must be sexually mature, active and completely healthy. If these criteria are not met, there is a high risk that non-viable eggs will emerge after mating.
Also of no small importance when choosing a pair of “wavy” for breeding healthy chicks is the relationship of individuals. The more distant it is, the better. This is why the female and male should be purchased from different breeders.
Many owners often ask themselves: at what age do budgies begin to breed? According to experts, the sexually mature period in females begins after the onset of 1 year, and in males from 10 months. However, 2-4 years of life of individuals are considered the most fruitful. Despite this circumstance, the mating season in budgies can be observed up to the age of 10 birds, and in some cases, much longer.
On a note! A pair of budgerigars prepared for mating should be well-fed, but not over-fed. As many breeders note, skinny parrots often refuse to hatch eggs or feed their chicks.
How does nesting happen?
A few days after mating, the behavior of the female can be used to determine whether the attempt was successful. The bird will look for a secluded place for nesting in the dwelling. During this period, the breeder should take care of setting up a house for future offspring. It is believed that the optimal parameters for it are 22x15x20 cm.The structure should be well fixed, preferably under the roof of the cage.
The birds may at first not perceive the house and go around it, but this is only temporary. After one or two days, the budgerigar, namely the female, will begin to explore it from all sides and establish its own order in the structure. The male has other responsibilities during such a period. he looks after the expectant mother, feeds her and chirps loudly.
At this time, it is necessary to provide the birds with a sufficient number of thin twigs of various fruit trees, they are necessary as building material for the nest. Also, for arranging and insulating a house, birds often begin to tear out their feathers. This behavior is especially noticeable in female “wavy”.
Budgerigars should eat in a special way during the breeding period. The main diet, consisting of a grain mixture, pieces of vegetables and fruits, must be supplemented with fresh herbs. dandelion leaves, plantain and others. In addition, birds at such a time need calcium, which is contained in a boiled egg and low-fat cottage cheese.
Do not forget to feed the birds with minerals and various vitamin supplements. Vitamin E, which can be purchased at specialized pharmacies, especially promotes the multiplication. It is useful to add sprouted grains of wheat, oats or other types of cereals to the bird menu during the nesting period. These products contain many microelements important for the body of birds.
It is also important to provide the budgerigar with free access to clean water, which needs to be changed regularly. In addition, all fruits and vegetables that the bird did not immediately eat should be thrown away immediately, they should always be fresh. All this should be done not only during the breeding season, but also daily.
How do parrots behave during mating?
To see how budgerigars mate, you need to put a young couple in a cage previously prepared for this and monitor their behavior. If the birds do not start to fight, peck at each other and rip out feathers, then one can hope for the early appearance of offspring.
All the time of courtship, the male behaves amusingly. combing out feathers for his friend, feeding from his beak, chirping loudly and flaunting in front of her in every possible way, taking various poses. It is possible to understand that the female is also ready for mating by her behavior. she responds with mutual caresses, squints her eyes and constantly sits near her boyfriend.
On a note! Budgerigars are monogamous and if they immediately reciprocated each other, their affection remains for life. Therefore, it is impossible to force birds to reproduce.
Mating itself occurs quickly enough, the owners of the birds in most cases do not have time to notice it. Even if the male manages to fertilize the female the first time, parrots often continue to mate for several days. As experts recommend, the best period for such a process falls on June-September, since it is at this time of the year that there is enough solar heat, light and fresh fruits.
For parrot breeding to be successful, birds should be prepared. To do this, it is necessary to gradually increase daylight hours. up to 15 hours. During the summer period, it will be sufficient to open the curtains when the sun appears, and in the winter. turn on the light when it starts to get dark. At the same time, a sharp increase in daylight hours should not be allowed, as this can provoke untimely molt in birds.
Temperature is also important when breeding parrots. The optimal room is considered. within 20 ° С.
On a note! It is strongly not recommended to allow drafts, but at the same time, a room with a bird cage must be regularly ventilated.
The reason why budgerigars do not breed if all conditions of detention are observed may be extraneous noise and harsh sounds. Therefore, the dwelling of birds during the mating and nesting period must be located in a quiet secluded place, preferably in a corner at the level of the owner’s eyes.
Reproduction of budgies
Budgerigars are rightfully recognized as the most popular pets among bird connoisseurs. This is due to their mobility, playfulness and ease of care. In addition, such birds have a docile character and easily contact with other domestic animals. That is why information about whether budgerigars can breed at home is relevant even for novice breeders.
How to prepare for bird mating?
The appearance of feathered offspring at home is a process that must be approached with all seriousness and responsibility. To do this, it is important to observe some conditions for keeping pets and carefully observe the reaction and habits of birds.
Budgerigars at home are quite capable of breeding. In addition, subject to all breeding rules, such birds are quite fertile. The mating season for budgies in the wild occurs mainly in June. However, in captivity, such birds can breed at different times of the year. At the same time, wavy birds breed in some cases and 3 times a year, but it is better not to allow such situations so that the chicks hatch full-fledged. The best option is considered no more than 2 times a year.
Selection of a pair of cockatiels for mating
Good offspring of cockatiels can be obtained only if both parents are completely healthy, mature enough, and are not close relatives to each other.
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Suitable breeding conditions
The next steps in organizing successful breeding of cockatiels are choosing the optimal nesting period and creating favorable conditions for keeping parents and future offspring.
In any case, it must meet certain requirements:
- Dimensions: length. 40-45 cm, width. 40-45 cm, height. 35 cm.
- An entrance with a diameter of about 8 cm.Under it there should be a perch passing through the whole house.
- At the bottom of the house, it is necessary to pour about 3-4 cm of sawdust from deciduous trees.
- The house should be hung on the cage of future parents or placed inside the aviary.
- The nest should not be placed too high. chicks may fall and break at the first exits.
- The top cover of the house should be hinged or removable. this will facilitate the inspection of eggs, chicks, and also simplify the cleaning of the entire nest.
Breeding closely related cockatiels (inbreeding) will also be a big mistake. The consequences of such an experiment are likely to be the most unexpected and will have an extremely negative effect on future chicks:
- various deformations of the beak, claws, paws, wings;
- painful orthopedic problems;
- disrupted work of internal organs;
- weak immune system and high susceptibility to disease.
Emergence and feeding of chicks
The eggs hatch in the same sequence in which they were laid (1–2 days interval). After the chicks appear in the common room at night, it is advisable to install dim lighting. this will help the parent parrots to feed their offspring correctly in the dark. The very process of feeding is as follows: the female regurgitates tiny pieces of food into the beaks of the chicks. To do this, she holds the chick by the beak and vigorously shakes her head up and down.
At this time, the diet of the cockatiels should be slightly adjusted:
- the rate of the grain mixture and boiled crushed eggs increases;
- greens are completely excluded.