Breeding parrots is an interesting and exciting business, but a lot depends on the breed of bird itself. Consider the best species of birds that are capable of simple and rapid reproduction.
They are small in stature and in weight, but can be aggressive. First of all, this is manifested in the killing of their offspring in the absence of proper conditions. Usually, the male is engaged in the destruction of chicks, so such a violent individual must be isolated in time in a separate dwelling. For the same reason, it is best to choose young parrots for breeding. The period of incubation of eggs is 20 days, after another 30-35 days the chicks are fed by the parents (not all males destroy the chicks). The chicks are later expelled by the mother, but she still feeds them for the next three weeks.
One of the clear advantages of breeding and keeping parrots at home is a greater number of laid eggs, and therefore chicks. For example, if in the wild, parrots lay up to five eggs, then at home. from ten to twelve. It is worth noting that parrots breed from about the third or fourth year of life. It is by this time that you need to try to create good conditions for successful breeding.
The first thing you need to equip a bird dwelling is a nest. If a pair of birds lives in a cage, then only one nest needs to be installed, but if there are several pairs, then the corresponding number. The egg-laying site may look like an ordinary nest, but it can also be built in the form of a small house, mink or mini-shed. You can choose the design to your taste. It is important to equip the socket with a removable cover.
The optimum temperature for breeding birds is 20 to 24 degrees. The humidity should be high. 70%. To create such conditions, it is necessary to additionally purchase a lamp, put sponges with water on the cage, and, of course, purchase a thermometer with a hygrometer. Of course, the cage itself should be spacious for birds. They should move freely along it, without the risk of injury to the wings on the rods.
The most important breeding requirement to satisfy is to mate. The birds must be settled together, and if after a while they began to clean each other’s feathers or “kiss”, then we can assume that they will soon lay eggs. If their relationship did not work out, then you need to resettle them in different cells as soon as possible.
Parrots are monogamous and stay with their chosen mate for life. Of course, it will be best if the parrot chooses a partner for himself. But if a breeder has chosen a partner, then there is nothing wrong with that. it will be enough to make sure that the individuals like each other.
An interesting fact: in the natural environment, parrots begin to reproduce only when there are suitable climatic conditions.
For them, as a rule, there are no certain months for hatching chicks. Sometimes couples do not build nests for several years. In the wild, parrots nest in tree holes.
Especially for them, you need to install a 20×20 cm house as a nest, and put several dozen twigs there. The female will build her nest from branches, splitting them into fibers. On average, the period of incubation of eggs is a little more than three weeks. After 40 days, the chicks are driven out of the nest by the mother, but she continues to feed them for the next couple of weeks. Usually breeding periods are from February to May or August to October. These birds do not tolerate increased dry air.
Perhaps there are no people in the world who do not know or have not seen budgerigars. Representatives of this species of birds are cheap, moreover, they do not require special conditions. For breeding, it is best to choose a male and a female of the same age, but not older than one year. It is noticed that the color of individuals does not affect their mutual sympathy or antipathy to each other. Budgerigars often choose their own feathers to build their nest.
In their natural environment, budgies begin to breed in June. During the mating season, it is necessary to feed the birds with grated shells or chalk. This is the rare case when unfertilized eggs need to be removed from the nest, as sometimes the female can lay a lot of eggs, most of which will not bear chicks.
40 days after hatching, the chicks are expelled by the mother from the nest.
As already mentioned, these birds can begin to reproduce at the age of three or four years. But in some breeds, reproduction can begin in a year and a half. It should be noted that the age of puberty in large breeds generally occurs later than in small parrots. Parrots usually start mating around mid-spring. This period can last until the end of summer.
Ideal conditions for the mating season are: 15-hour daylight hours, a temperature of about 25-26 degrees Celsius and an abundance of vitamin-rich feed. It is necessary to gradually increase daylight hours for parrots. A lamp is needed for these purposes. The temperature must also be gradually brought to the desired.
During the mating season, the male feeds the female, while she can demonstratively open her beak, asking for food. This is a kind of courtship period. If the female squints her eyes and is always near the male, then we can assume that soon both individuals will prepare for laying eggs.
Fertilization usually rarely occurs the first time, so the birds mate within a few days. After a few days, the female will lay the first egg.
Preparation for laying
It is possible to understand that there is an active preparation for laying, according to the specific behavior of individuals. The male sings briskly, but softly, and the female begins to train material for building the nest and actively weaves it. Usually the “material” for the nest is small sticks, dried grass. After about two weeks of the beginning of the mating season, the female is already able to lay the first egg.
After the female lays eggs, she incubates them for 17 to 30 days. All this time, the male is next to the female and brings her food. After this difficult period, blind chicks of parrots with fluff hatch. It is worth mentioning that the female lays one egg a day, and later the chicks also hatch in that order.
How to form a pair of wavy lines?
- the male is much younger than the female;
- non-compliance with the rules of dating;
- the female does not like her partner, she can easily accept courtship, but with closer contact, she hits and chases the male away;
- tight cage.
As you can see, conditions greatly affect fertility and reproductive capacity. Unlike people who are able to huddle in a one-room apartment with two children, a cat and a dog, wavy people are very responsible both in choosing a partner and in living conditions.
How to understand if parrots like each other? As a rule, mutual sympathy is visible with a gun eye. If a couple just tolerates each other, they rarely interact, each sits on his own perch, and they never eat from the same feeder.
If parrots are in love, then they usually spend time together:
- sit side by side;
- touch each other’s feathers;
- constantly kiss and make chirping sounds;
- equip the nest together.
A good breeding age for a young couple is 1.5 years. In the wild, wavy dogs can mate earlier, however, at home, this is not at all the case. If the female is younger than a year, she may die while laying eggs. In good conditions, these birds can reproduce up to 7 years, but the older the female, the smaller the offspring and the higher the load on the body. Therefore, it is best to stop breeding at 6 years old.
Also, a prerequisite for the reproduction of wavy parrots is a heterosexual couple. It sounds, of course, funny, but very often, instead of a male for a female, another representative of the fair sex is bought by mistake.
By the way, in ladies’ society, they are very aggressive towards each other. But two males can get along well if they do not have a female in their immediate environment.
You can determine the sex of the budgerigar by wax and at the age of 3-4 months. Prior to this, almost all individuals have a light blue or light pink “nose”. An important condition for the selection of a pair is the absence of their relationship. If the closest relatives mate, the offspring are often defective.
Cooking the nest
In order for reproduction at home to be successful, it is necessary for parrots to create conditions close to natural conditions.
A well-matched pair, this, of course, is the lion’s share of successful offspring, but the wavy need to provide these points:
- good nutrition (rich in green foods, calcium and protein);
- long daylight hours, at least 16 hours (provides good fertility in both budgerigars);
- air temperature is not more than 30 degrees, and not less than 20;
- of course, you will need a nest, since in the wild, females hatch chicks in tree hollows.
The nest can be vertical or horizontal, however, experienced breeders advise making it horizontal and with a thicker bottom. Also, there should be a cavity for the testicles so that they do not roll out, and the couple has enough room for the male to feed his girlfriend.
A few weeks before the nest is established in the cage, it is necessary to give the birds more protein food: an egg mixture with semolina, carrots, herbs, fruits, vegetables. Also, there must be chalk and crushed eggshells in the cage.
The nest should be attached to the outer wall of the cage, since if it is placed near the door or at the bottom of the cage, the female is unlikely to enter it. When propagating wavy hair at home, make sure that there are sawdust mixed with chamomile in the nesting site. This will protect against parasites and ticks, and the female will also like it and she will begin to prepare the place for laying.
How to properly breed wavy?
Wavy hairs are liked by their owners due to their funny character, curiosity, bright appearance, as well as the ability to imitate the voice and even pronounce words. Many owners understand how much these birds love the company of their own kind, so they do not want to condemn them to loneliness.
But when buying another parrot of the opposite sex, not every responsible owner understands that sooner or later budgerigars will reproduce, and this process often requires responsibility and compliance with the right conditions.
Breeding birds at home is slightly different from how it happens in nature. Wavy birds are flocking birds and living in a society of the same couples, they are more likely to have offspring.
During the mating period, it is not necessary to release birds at home, this can postpone the process by several months. At this time, the couple is focused on each other and show their partner a lot of signs of attention.
As soon as the female finishes putting things in order in the nesting site (and she can not only drag leaves and twigs there, but also throw out everything that she does not like), the breeding process begins. They breed until all the eggs in the female are fertilized.
Plucking of feathers around the cloaca, an increase in body weight, the tummy becomes larger and an egg is clearly visible in it, can be considered signs of a close clutch. Before the nest is filled with eggs, additional feeding should be removed from the diet, otherwise the number of eggs will be large, and the quality of the clutch is not very good.
Young females usually produce 5 to 10 eggs. In a pair there is a clear division of labor, the male feeds the young mother, and her concern is hatching the young. After 15-20 days, the testicles begin to crack and from them tiny budgerigar chicks appear.
When you have bought a new pet as a mate for an existing bird, it is important to observe the dating ceremony. In no case do not let the new parrot go straight into the cage with the old one. First you need to withstand quarantine.
This is important for two reasons:
- exclude the disease in a newly arrived bird (often the incubation period lasts from 7 to 21 days);
- let the budgie adapt to new conditions.
You also need to combine the birds gradually. After quarantine is complete, place the cages in the same room and observe budgerigars.
If they show interest in each other, then you can let them fly, so to speak, create conditions for meeting in neutral territory. As soon as the birds begin to visit each other, you can try to combine a couple.
This entire process must be supervised. If there are fights and quarrels in a couple, then perhaps these are partners that are not suitable for each other.
But if the couple coincides, then their union is very strong, budgies take care of each other and it is always difficult to experience separation. In this case, you can move on to the next period and start making a nest.
Caring for chicks
Babies are born blind and weak, they have a long neck, a large head, and their bodies are completely naked. Eyes open only after 6-7 days, and a meaningful look appears somewhere around 9-10 days.
Juveniles grow up very quickly and after 3 weeks they already completely look like adult wavy. By breeding these birds at home, you can get completely tame parrot chicks.
You can remove the nesting site after 2 weeks, immediately after the chicks begin to eat the softened grains. This is done so that the male does not fertilize the female again, her body must rest and recover after incubating the babies.
At what age do parrots begin to lay eggs
For beginners, breeding parrots at home should start with simple bird breeds that do not require special conditions. these are budgies, lovebirds and cockatiels.
In cockatiels, the ability to acquire offspring begins already at 7-8 months of age. However, often parrots that breed at an early age do not yet know what to do with the offspring, because it happens that their chicks die. It happens that in too young females the oviduct does not develop enough, because of which the egg can get stuck at the exit. Then you cannot do without the help of a specialist. The optimal age for breeding cockatiels is from 1.5-2 years to 5.
Budgerigars can lay eggs at 6-7 months of age. For males, such early reproduction can lead to the fact that he will never become a speaker, and for a female it is fraught with death. This is due to the fact that when breeding at home, the genitals of these parrots develop more slowly than their counterparts in the wild. The minimum age for intercourse with wavy lines is from one year.
Lovebirds can breed from 9 months, but they should also not be allowed to breed at this age. Young parents are not mentally ready to raise offspring. They either do not care for him at all, or spend all their strength on feeding them to their own detriment. As a result, parents are weakened, which increases the risk of their death or raising unhealthy offspring. The optimal age for mating lovebirds is one to four years.
How parrots mate
Considering that birds do not have genitals, they reproduce through contact of cloacas. The male is positioned on top of the female so that his cloaca is in contact with the female’s cloaca. At this moment, the female raises her tail and spreads her wings. The male seems to embrace her with his wings.
Testes with canals in males go directly into the cloaca, and in females, during mating, the oviduct and ovary open into the cloaca. For fertilization, the male will need to rub against the female’s cloaca, and this process can be repeated several times.
In this video you can watch how budgerigars mate:
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In nature, reproduction of parrots occurs quickly, since dangers await the couple at any time. Therefore, at home, the mating process can be quite fast, which is why the bird owners do not always notice it. Sometimes it is enough once for fertilization, but it happens that a couple can mate several times a day for several days, and sometimes weeks. over, intercourse in them can occur until the appearance of the last egg in the clutch.
Mating of lovebird parrots takes longer than other parrots:
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Fertilization occurs at the beginning of the oviduct. a mature egg, fertilized by the testes, along with the yellow bodies, passes through the oviduct below. There it is covered with two shells that look like parchment. after a while they will envelop the shell of the eggs. Egg shells at the exit from this part of the oviduct collect water, swell and enter the uterus. Here, the eggs form a calcareous shell and the eggs are colored with pigments characteristic of a particular species of parrots. After the right time, the egg returns to the cloaca and then goes outside. this is how parrots are born.
How parrots breed
If you have a couple of feathered pets, most likely you wondered how parrots breed, how they mate, and whether special conditions need to be created for the successful appearance of healthy offspring.
Suitable breeding conditions
It is best when the mating season for parrots begins in late spring, summer and early autumn. At this time, it is warm, a lot of sunshine, an abundance of greenery, fresh vegetables and fruits.
Not all breeders manage to breed parrots at home. The breeding process of most species of these birds is not difficult, the main thing is to create favorable conditions for them and know some of the nuances.
- Partners should like each other. If the female bites the male, hisses at him and pulls out his feathers, they will not create a pair that can reproduce. If she reciprocates his affection, they have a chance to soon become parents.
- The existing couple must be planted in a separate spacious cage.
- Be sure to prepare a nesting house. The mating process of parrots will not stop the absence of a nest, but the eggs will be unfertilized.
- In order to breed healthy offspring and keep their parents healthy, it is important to provide them with abundant nutrition, rich in nutrients. Although you should not be too zealous here, since obese parrots, as well as those with a lack of weight, refuse to hatch eggs and, subsequently, when chicks appear, do not feed them. Every day, the diet of pets should contain seedlings of grains and greens of wild herbs (plantain, dandelion and others), low-fat cottage cheese, chicken eggs, specialized vitamin and mineral supplements.
- To stimulate reproduction, you need to gradually increase daylight hours (up to 15 hours), using special lamps for this.
Courtship process: what preceded mating
The behavior of parrots during the mating season is very interesting. The male becomes especially attentive to his girlfriend: he cleans her feathers, tries to feed her from his beak, cheerfully tweets and sings, dances, showing off in front of her in all possible ways (shakes his head, raises a crest, spreads his wings, fluffs his tail).
If the female accepts his courtship, she also caresses him, squints, sits, snuggling up to the boyfriend. The female, ready for mating, favorably tilts her head, sits lower on the perch, the male first throws one paw on her, then the other, then climbs on it and, pushing her tail and hugging her wings, begins characteristic movements.
In this video, watch how cockatiel parrots fuck:
How to tell if a female is pregnant
A few days after fertilization, the pregnant female becomes anxious and aggressive. She refuses to eat on her own, and during this period the male feeds her. Often her litter structure changes.
The female begins to pluck feathers in the area of the cloaca. After a few days, it will be possible to notice how this zone swells in her. this is a sign of readiness to lay an egg in the near future.
Do you know how parrots give birth? Birds are not viviparous, they lay eggs and incubate them. After a certain period, chicks hatch from eggs, but not all at once, but as eggs appear in the clutch. usually one chick every two or three days.
Another sign of a female’s pregnancy is a noticeable wiggle of the tail. This shaking indicates that the bird is about to lay an egg. In this video, you can see how such a sign manifests itself in a female budgerigar:
How to breed parrots correctly
- Close relationships are unacceptable, therefore it is better to purchase a pair of parrots from different breeders.
- Early mating (up to one year) will not harm the male’s health, but the female must be at least a year old to start having offspring. The most productive females are considered at the age of 2 years.
- In about two to three weeks, change the pet diet by adding sprouts, greens, mineral supplements to it.
- It is necessary to gradually increase daylight hours, bringing it to 15 hours.
- The optimum room temperature for reproduction of parrots is 20-22 ° С.
- Prepare a nesting house. If you are going to breed budgerigars, the bottom of the house must be covered with sawdust, since this species does not build nests.
- Some males during the mating season can be aggressive, therefore they make a second exit to the nesting site or even put them away from the female.
The whole process of breeding cockatiel parrots (courtship, researching the nesting house, how parrots mate and how to feed them correctly), see this
Should a breeder interfere with the breeding process
Beginners usually do not take any action to help the birds or chicks. They simply set up a house inside the cage, disinfect objects, and also provide the birds with high-quality and proper nutrition. This is where their intervention is limited, so they only periodically look into the nest to assess the situation.
But many people who really care about their pets are very worried, so they are trying in various ways to help the birds get strong and beautiful offspring.
Often, excessive custody leads to negative results, as a person begins to look into the house too often, add sawdust regularly or touch eggs with his hands. This becomes the reason that the female refuses to incubate, so she just throws the clutch.
To really help ripples, here are some simple tips:
- each person knows about the peculiarities of their birds, so they will be able to determine what exactly they need in a particular situation based on a change in their behavior;
- if the female is very nervous or shows aggression when a person tries to clean up the cage or brings her hand to the house, then it is best to leave her alone and not bother her with persistent attention;
- it is not recommended to take eggs in hand without good reason, and this even applies to chicks, since if a foreign smell appears on them, then the female can stop feeding them;
- chicks usually hatch after 1 day, and it is desirable to maintain humidity at 60%, which allows the birds to easily get out of the shell;
- a special film is located under the shell, which becomes sticky in dry air, therefore it can envelop the chick, which leads to its death;
- sometimes the female helps the chicks break the shell, so it is not recommended to interfere with her during this process;
- it is forbidden to help the chicks on their own, as a person can seriously injure the bird.
Chicks have an unattractive appearance and small size. They lack sight and feathering, so they need parental care. They cannot hold their heads on their own, and at first they only lie on their backs. Therefore, you cannot take them in your hands, since there is a high probability of pushing away a female with an extraneous smell, which will refuse to feed the chicks.
It only starts after a courtship period. At this time, the male constantly looks after the female, feeds her from his beak, dances and shows signs of attention in other ways. If the birds fight and spend a lot of time apart, then you should not expect offspring.
Sometimes, even under ideal conditions and the presence of a nest, a couple does not add up, so the parrots refuse to mate, for example, females often dominate or aggressively treat the wavy, so it is recommended to replace one parrot.
The nesting period includes mating, laying of eggs, incubation and hatching of eggs. Mating lasts about 10 days, but fertilization often occurs on the first day. Birds mate several times a day, and the owners often do not notice this. Sometimes mating games last up to three weeks.
Where to start breeding budgies? Answer in
Features of breeding budgies
Wavy lovers often think about the possible breeding of these beautiful little birds. To do this, you need to correctly select a pair, as well as prepare a cage and a nest.
A person can positively influence the future offspring of birds, but sometimes inexperienced people take actions that lead to the death of chicks. Therefore, you need to understand the rules for breeding parrots.
Before the chicks appear, the owner must properly prepare the cage and other accessories. For this, disinfection of all items used by parrots is carried out. These include the immediate cage, feeders, drinkers and toys.
First, a solution is made from water and a small amount of whiteness. Objects are soaked in it, which are then well washed under running water.
If the house is being bought, then it must be disassembled into its component parts, which are washed with a soapy solution. Metal products are calcined in the oven, and you can also use a burner.
If sawdust is chosen to form the litter of the nest, then it is advisable to add a little chamomile flowers to them. They act as an excellent prophylactic agent against gamasid mites.
Preparation for laying eggs
Approximately 10 days after mating, the female often begins to retire in the house, and also stops allowing the male to approach her.
How to breed parrots || What is the easiest bird to breed? || How to breed parrots at home
At this time, you need to prepare, so the owner of the birds performs the following actions:
- a few days after mating, a nest or house is established in the cage;
- it is desirable that the nest has a length and height of 20 cm, and the width should be within 15 cm;
- the litter is formed from small twigs, sawdust and dry grass, and you can also simply put natural materials on the cage tray so that the female independently makes an optimal place for laying eggs;
- the bird gets used to the nest for several days, so you need to put it a few days before laying;
- gradually the wavy has a rounded tummy, and the number of feathers decreases, and the bird itself plucks out feathers to warm the eggs with its skin.
How wavy hair reproduce at home
Usually the process is performed in the summer, as long daylight hours are provided, and the birds also receive a lot of sunlight and vitamins. In winter, wavy lines are usually weakened due to a deficiency of useful vitamins and light, and this condition negatively affects the offspring.
If you need to breed offspring in winter, then the owner will have to provide the birds with adequate nutrition, for which fresh grass is grown independently. We’ll have to increase the daylight hours to 14 hours, for which the backlight is used with a special lamp. At the same time, the temperature is maintained from 23 degrees.
It is important not only to choose the right pair so that the parrots quickly find a common language, but also to choose a large cage for them where you can set up a house. For a pair of wavy lines, a cage is needed that is more than 80 cm long, and the width should start at 35 cm.
Females hatch offspring only in special nests or closed houses. Heat or stuffiness should not be allowed, as this creates a danger for the embryos.
Proper bird nutrition
The female should receive a lot of vitamins and minerals during oviposition and incubation. Therefore, the diet of birds should consist not only of a grain mixture, but also of fruits, vegetables, seeds and berries. To increase sexual instinct, use low-fat cottage cheese, fresh herbs, properly sprouted grains, chicken egg white and purchased supplements with minerals.
During the laying of eggs, the bird needs fatty and high-quality food. It is advisable to choose foods containing vitamin E. Experienced poultry farmers recommend mixing cottage cheese with grated carrots, sprouted seeds and boiled eggs. In addition, you need to maintain an optimal diet for the bird.
What determines the desire of a parrot to continue offspring?
Parrots are a type of decorative birds that have firmly gained popularity all over the world for home keeping.
How do parrots breed at home? Despite the fact that their homeland is the southern countries, they can also be found in Siberia. Due to their bright plumage, cheerful disposition and ability to reproduce human phrases, parrots have become favorites in many families.
Their intelligence, agility and agility have made these birds even circus performers.
The process of creating a family and a place for a nest
Having attracted each other, the parrots begin to prepare for the creation of a family. The male affectionately cares for the female, stroking her neck with his beak, cleaning the plumage, giving the best of food. He entertains his half in every possible way and tries to constantly be near, while at the same time looking for a place for a nest.
Under natural conditions, parrots nest in the hollows of trees or on their branches. At home, artificial wooden houses are created for them, suspended on the wall of the aviary.
A small house, arranged like a birdhouse, must be hung on the wall of the cage together with the beginning of increased feeding and an increase in the day. Its dimensions are selected in accordance with the dimensions of the individuals that live with you.
The bottom of the house is covered with a layer of dry fine sawdust with the addition of hay. The thickness of the cover can reach 3 cm, so that the female has the opportunity to organize a depression for future clutches of this size. The bottom of the house must be calculated so that the recess will have a diameter of up to 10 cm.
How to breed Indian Ringneck parrots at home and some usefull breedings tips in urdu hindi
Parrots reproduce by mating, when the genitals of the male are connected to the organs of the female. This happens when the parrot sits down on the female and their genitals, which are close to the cloaca, are connected.
With the creation of favorable conditions and established relationships, a married couple of parrots can bring from 5 to 12 chicks. Sometimes, with a large number of them, the female eats part of the offspring, therefore, the breeding process must be closely monitored and, if necessary, feed the chicks on their own with a special mixture from a pipette or spoon.
Conditions for obtaining offspring
Using the example of a budgerigar, we will consider the creation of favorable conditions for reproduction. Budgerigars are the most popular home-reared species and therefore can more clearly characterize the main line of factors affecting reproduction in these birds. Each species has small nuances in procreation, but the main features are the same.
The main factors that bring birds closer to breeding at home are:
- Illumination, temperature.
For these birds, the favorable period is the season that has the longest day length, i.e. summer and spring. In case of a lack of light, artificial lighting will have to be created using electric lamps.
The temperature during this period should not fall below 22 degrees.
It is necessary to add electric lighting only if there is little natural and the individuals did not begin to show interest in each other.
The length of daylight hours serves as a conditioned reflex to reproduce offspring, both in budgerigars and in all representatives of this species. As soon as the duration of daylight increases, you will immediately notice that the birds have begun to show attention to each other. The maximum duration of the light period can be up to 16 hours per day.
This family includes up to several hundred species of birds, many of which are adapted for home keeping. It is believed that parrots have a kind of intellectual data, intelligence and good memory. Many of them can repeat human words, but whether this is an expression of mental activity or a conditionally acquired reflex, scientists have not decided.
Parrots have bright colors of plumage, which can include more than three colors and have a peculiar pattern, distinguished by beauty and nobility. A cage with these wonderful birds can be a decoration for any interior.
They remember the owner perfectly. They react violently to affection and signs of attention, are rather unpretentious in content and are distinguished by a calm, playful and non-conflicting disposition.
Most of these birds are herbivores, in natural conditions feeding on plant food. At home, they are fed with seeds of cereal plants, fruits of fruit trees, herbs and leaves. In many cases, commercially available special balanced feed mixtures are used. The diet at home is selected depending on the preferences of your pet and the conditions of detention.
They reach sexual maturity in the period from 6 months to a year, depending on the size of the individual. The size of adult birds reaches 80 centimeters, some species reach only 20 cm.
Parrots are monogamous and do not like to change partners after breeding for the first time.
Feeding before mating
With the beginning of an increase in daylight hours, it is necessary to make changes in the diet of birds. For at least 14 days, they should be given a chopped mixture consisting of boiled eggs, semolina and carrots. Increase the diet of fruits, fresh vegetables. Try to offer them natural greens more often.
For better formation of embryos and shells of future eggs, a crushed mineral stone (sepia), pieces of chalk and crushed shells of chicken eggs must always be in the cage.
It is desirable that fresh hay is constantly present. Birds use it both for food and for building their nest according to their taste and needs.
How do parrots behave during mating?
To see how budgerigars mate, you need to put a young couple in a previously prepared cage and monitor their behavior. If the birds do not start to fight, peck at each other and rip out feathers, then one can hope for the early appearance of offspring.
All the time of courtship, the male behaves amusingly. combing out feathers for his girlfriend, feeding from his beak, chirping loudly and flaunting in front of her in every possible way, taking various poses. You can understand that the female is also ready for mating by her behavior. she responds with mutual caresses, squints her eyes and constantly sits near her boyfriend.
On a note! Budgerigars are monogamous and, if they immediately reciprocated each other, their affection remains for life. Therefore, it is impossible to force birds to reproduce.
Mating itself occurs quickly enough, the owners of the birds in most cases do not have time to notice it. Even if the male manages to fertilize the female the first time, parrots often continue to mate for several days. As experts recommend, the best period for such a process falls on June-September, since it is at this time of the year that there is enough solar heat, light and fresh fruits.
How to prepare for bird mating?
The appearance of feathered offspring at home is a process that must be approached with all seriousness and responsibility. To do this, it is important to observe some conditions for keeping pets and carefully observe the reaction and habits of birds.
Budgerigars at home are quite capable of breeding. In addition, subject to all breeding rules, such birds are quite fertile. The mating season for budgerigars in the wild occurs mainly in June. However, in captivity, such birds can breed at different times of the year. At the same time, wavy birds breed in some cases and 3 times a year, but it is better not to allow such situations so that the chicks hatch full-fledged. The best option is considered no more than 2 times a year.
For parrot breeding to be successful, birds should be prepared. To do this, it is necessary to gradually increase daylight hours. up to 15 hours. During the summer period, it will be sufficient to open the curtains when the sun appears, and in the winter. turn on the light when it starts to get dark. At the same time, a sharp increase in daylight hours should not be allowed, as this can provoke untimely molt in birds.
Temperature is also important when breeding parrots. The optimal room is considered. within 20 ° С.
On a note! It is strongly not recommended to allow drafts, but at the same time, a room with a bird cage must be regularly ventilated.
The reason why budgerigars do not breed if all conditions of detention are observed may be extraneous noise and harsh sounds. Therefore, the dwelling of birds during the mating and nesting period must be located in a quiet secluded place, preferably in a corner at the level of the owner’s eyes.
How does nesting happen?
A few days after mating, the behavior of the female can be used to determine whether the attempt was successful. The bird will look for a secluded place for nesting in the dwelling. During this period, the breeder should take care of setting up a house for future offspring. It is believed that the optimal parameters for it are 22x15x20 cm.The structure should be well fixed, preferably under the roof of the cage.
The birds may at first not perceive the house and go around it, but this is only temporary. After one or two days, the budgerigar, namely the female, will begin to explore it from all sides and establish its own order in the structure. The male has other responsibilities during such a period. he looks after the expectant mother, feeds her and chirps loudly.
At this time, it is necessary to provide the birds with a sufficient number of thin twigs of various fruit trees, they are necessary as building material for the nest. Also, for arranging and insulating a house, birds often begin to tear out their feathers. This behavior is especially noticeable in female “wavy”.
Budgerigars should eat in a special way during the breeding period. The main diet, consisting of a grain mixture, pieces of vegetables and fruits, must be supplemented with fresh herbs. dandelion leaves, plantain and others. In addition, birds at such a time need calcium contained in a boiled egg and low-fat cottage cheese.
Do not forget to feed the birds with minerals and various vitamin supplements. Vitamin E, which can be purchased at specialized pharmacies, especially promotes the multiplication. It is useful to add sprouted grains of wheat, oats or other types of cereals to the bird menu during the nesting period. These products contain many trace elements important for the bird’s body.
It is also important to provide the budgerigar with free access to clean water, which needs to be changed regularly. In addition, all fruits and vegetables that the bird did not immediately eat should be thrown away immediately, they should always be fresh. All this should be done not only during the breeding season, but also daily.
All of the above signs signal that the first egg should appear soon. During the nesting period, a couple should not be disturbed at all, and even more so. touch the house, since there is a great risk that the female will abandon her nest after that.
From the moment the house is mastered and until the first egg appears, a lot of time passes. up to one month. After which the female begins to lay eggs every other day. There may be 4–6 of them in the clutch. It depends on the age of the parent parrots, genetic predisposition and environmental factors.
On a note! As a rule, budgerigars, which reproduce in captivity, lay 5 eggs each. It is this amount that the female is able to evenly provide with heat to her body. If there are more eggs, professionals advise to additionally use an incubator.
Before planning the mating of budgies and the appearance of healthy offspring from them, you should carefully approach the formation of a pair for the role of parents. Both individuals must be sexually mature, active and completely healthy. If these criteria are not met, there is a high risk that non-viable eggs will emerge after mating.
Also of no small importance when choosing a pair of “wavy” for breeding healthy chicks is the relationship of individuals. The more distant it is, the better. This is why the female and male should be purchased from different breeders.
Many owners often ask themselves: at what age do budgies begin to breed? According to experts, the sexually mature period in females begins after the onset of 1 year, and in males. from 10 months. However, 2-4 years of life of individuals are considered the most fruitful. Despite this circumstance, the mating season in budgies can be observed up to the 10-year-old age of birds, and in some cases, much longer.
On a note! A pair of budgerigars prepared for mating should be well-fed, but not over-fed. As many breeders note, skinny parrots often refuse to hatch eggs or feed their chicks.
Choosing a home
Normal breeding in domestic conditions of birds cannot be imagined without the provision of housing with optimal conditions for this, among which is the size of the cage.
For a pair of “wavy”, taking into account their offspring, it is recommended to choose a dwelling with parameters not less than 60x55x65 cm. The cage itself can be of various shapes, but always with a removable top. This requirement is necessary for the timely cleaning of the nest and inspection of the eggs. The frame of the cage should be made of strong steel rods and with the ability to securely fix the nest house on the sides.
Before planning the mating of budgies, the cage and all objects in it should be thoroughly disinfected. To do this, they are removed, disassembled and soaked in hot water with a small concentration of chlorine. Then everything is thoroughly washed with a brush and left to dry for several hours. The nest house is also taken apart and washed in hot water using baby soap.
After all parts of the budgerigar’s dwelling have been dried, it is required to assemble everything and finally equip the house. Sawdust or straw is most often used for bedding. It is also recommended to add dried medicinal chamomile to them, since it is effective as a prophylaxis against various parasites.