How to determine the age of a budgerigar
A week after birth (sometimes 1-2 days earlier), the chicks open their eyes, after 1-2 days the first stumps of feathers are visible. By the 3rd week, the chicks have feathers on their back, tail and wings. By the age of one month, the plumage acquires a fully formed appearance, however, the chicks still differ from adults in their size, their color is still vague, without shades.
After a month of age, the chicks crawl out of the nest, walk on the floor of the aviary or cage. During this period, they are fed not only by their parents, but also by other parrots. A little time passes, and the chick begins to take food on its own. From this moment, breeders, as a rule, look for new owners for the chicks. But it is possible that instead of a young chick, you will buy a completely mature, or even an old bird.
To correctly determine the age of the budgerigar. You need to pay attention to the following factors:
The eyes of a young chick are absolutely black and large, and in an adult the pupil is surrounded by a white ring. Older birds often lack feathering around their eyes.
|A young male. Eyes black, no white shell||An adult male. Eyes with a white iris|
The chicks have a black beak. Young parrots up to one and a half to two months have a black smear on their beak, which disappears by itself when the parrot grows up. Sometimes it happens that the beak ceases to be black even earlier, in 20-25 days, which is especially typical for lighter colors. Adult birds have a beak. Straw yellow, greenish.
Young parrots are distinguished by their short tail. But it grows very quickly and reaches its normal length approximately two months after birth. Birds.
In a one and a half month old chick, the plumage has already formed, at this age the bird should be, as they say, “feather to feather”. The seller’s statement that the feathers “have not yet fully grown” should alert you. The bird may be sick or old. The plumage of young wavy birds is dull and less contrasting compared to adults; with age, it becomes brighter and more distinct. Parrots shed their chick outfit and become overgrown with adult plumage at 4-6 months of age.
Young birds usually do not have a pale yellow (or white) mask. And a very fuzzy wavy pattern on the head starts almost from the wax. By the age of six months, they have a mask, and the waviness is blurred and starts already from the upper border of the mask.
Budgerigar chicks are able to fly for about a month already, and the plumage, although it is still forming, is sufficient for the first flights. Thus, the seller’s statement that he “has not yet learned to fly” should also alert you. over, the sold chick must be more than a month old, 40-45 days old. Quite a suitable age.
The body size of adult birds is 18-19 cm.
The wax of a young male is usually pale purple in color when grown up. Bright blue.
Adult sexually mature female
The exact age of parrots (after the first molt, which takes place at 3-3.5 months) is almost impossible to determine! It so happens that the first molt begins later, sometimes in six months, but this is more the exception than the rule.
Determining the age of a parrot after a year is even more difficult. One can only tell if a young bird or an old one.
In lutinos and albinos, it is almost impossible to determine the age. The iris is dark / red even in adult birds. It is difficult to determine the age of the male of these types, since his waxen from the chick age and for the rest of his life remains pinkish-purple. But in the female, the age is determined by the wax, which changes its color in accordance with the general rules (see above).
How to determine the age of a bird by its legs
Using this method, you need to look at the scales. If you have a young chick in front of you, then they will fit quite tightly and seem to be one whole, smooth surface. In older birds, the scales separate from each other and do not give the impression that you have absolutely smooth legs. With age, wavy legs become more and more loose.
Voskovitsa. assistant in determining the age of the parrot
The wax is an area of skin located above the beak, this is where the nostrils are located. In young parrots, wax is most often light pink, beige or blue. The color of this area becomes darker when the bird reaches sexual maturity, that is, in the fifth or sixth month from birth. This change in wax is more common in females. Males all their lives, even being older, live with a pinkish-purple color of this area. Do not draw a conclusion based only on wax, when determining how old a budgerigar is, make sure of your guesses by trying other methods.
Specks on the throat of a bird
Each parrot’s throat spots have their own special shape. With their help, you can understand how old the budgerigar is. In older individuals, the contours of the spots are vague and soft, not as sharp as in their younger relatives.
Age determination by eyes
It is believed that the eyes are the mirror of the soul, and in the case of birds, this is also an indicator of how young they are.
If, looking closely, you see completely black eyes, in which there is no iris, then such an individual is not more than five to six months. The iris of the eye appears in all parrots at different times, usually up to ten months. This process is considered purely individual.
If, in front of the bird’s eyes, a sufficiently wide light rim is visible, bordering the pupil, then it is older than one year. This method helps owners understand what an old budgerigar looks like. There are exceptions, as representatives of mutational breeds live their entire lives with completely dark eyes.
How to determine the age of a budgerigar
Relationship between bird age and beak color
When choosing a bird, a potential owner needs to know how to determine the age of a budgerigar by its beak. To do this, you need to look at the black strokes on the cover of the beak, they are similar to the strokes made with a brush, or notice that the beak is completely black. This means that in front of you is an individual not older than two months of age.
How to determine the age of a budgerigar by its tail
You can determine the age of a budgerigar by the tail, or rather, by the tail feathers. Very young birds, about two months old, have short tail feathers. But do not exclude the fact that short feathers can be an acquired distinctive feature, since the wavy can lose them in the course of life. This can happen for various reasons.
Determining the age of a parrot
First of all, you need to turn your attention, when examining the bird, to the wavy cap that is on the head. Young wavy lines are distinguished by the fact that their waves start from the beak and cover the head completely. This method is not suitable for albino parrots, since they do not have waves in their color. If you notice this sign in a parrot, then it is most likely less than three to four months old. The wavy pattern on the head changes after the first molt.
Budgerigars live on average 10 years. Some individuals with excellent health can live 15 years or more.
If you want your pet to please you with its existence as long as possible, then by all means pay attention to its age when buying a bird, as well as to how active and healthy it is.
Why is it important?
How to determine the age of a parrot?
The main thing is attention
In order not to miscalculate for sure with the age of the bird, we will consider by what external signs it can be determined, being a non-professional.
- Professional bird watchers recommend paying attention when choosing a parrot on its head. In budgies, contrasting “waves” should be clearly visible on it. In young females and males, these stripes are visible from the beak itself to the bright head. The only exceptions are albinos who do not have such stripes.
- And you should also very carefully consider the eyes of the bird you like. They should be bright black with an iris. Usually, such eyes indicate that I will not be more than six months old. In some individuals, the eyes may become lighter by about 10 months. But the bright and wide rim around the pupil of the bird is one hundred percent certainty that in front of you is an individual, which is clearly more than 1 year old. Of course, there are exceptions associated with mutations, for example, red eyes in albinos. But such individuals are extremely rare.
- The age of the bird can also be determined by looking at the part of the head above the beak. Where the nostrils are. This place is called Voskovitsa. So, in young wavy parrots, it should have a pale pink hue, cream, and sometimes bluish. It becomes darker at the moment when puberty begins in parrots, usually for this, an average of six months must pass. It should also be taken into account that such changes in shade are mainly characteristic of females; in boys, the pink-blue tint of the wax remains for a longer period. This is due to anatomical features.
- And also special attention should be paid to the specks on the bird’s throat. The younger she is, the brighter and richer they are, and the older, the smoother and smoother their outline.
- Parrots, which are only a few months old, have rather dense scales on their legs. Therefore, they are also worth paying attention to. With age, these very scales become very noticeable and loose.
- And perhaps the very last criterion by which you can determine the age of a parrot is its tail. The tails of young females and males are rather short. But it should also not be ruled out that the bird may be an adult, it could just lose long feathers from the tail for other reasons.
But it should also be noted that the life expectancy of a domestic parrot is usually 10 years, in rare cases 15. If you compare the age of a parrot by human standards, you should know that a one and a half year old parrot corresponds to the age of a 10-year-old child. To transfer age, you can pay attention to special tables.
To determine the age of a cockatiel parrot, you should also pay attention to the legs, they should have pale pink scales.
And also usually young Corella chicks move and jump quite awkwardly, which in many ways may indicate that they have not yet fully adapted. The plumage of young birds is bright, but not yet abundant. Babies have black feathers on their heads, which most often only brighten by 10 months. And a completely gray color in this species of parrots appears only after the first molt, that is, after six months.
Birds acquire bright green plumage after about six months, before that they have a grayish-green uneven color.
Summing up, it should be said that you should not recognize the age of a bird by only one sign, for example, specks on the head or by the shade of wax. In order to guess the age as closely as possible, all of the above signs should be considered comprehensively. In addition, it is worth understanding that not everyone can find out the age of a parrot by external signs, and therefore birds should be purchased only in well-recommended places where potential customers are not deceived.
For information on how to determine the age of a budgerigar, see the next video.
How to determine the sex and age of a budgerigar
Those who decide to acquire budgerigars often ask themselves the question. how to determine the sex and age of the future pet? Indeed, it is quite difficult for an uninitiated person to do this. Nevertheless, there are a number of signs that allow you to accurately identify a pet and find an answer to your questions. Most often, problems arise with the sex of birds, because budgies are usually purchased in pairs. To find out who is in front of you. a male or a female. you should carefully study the parakeet’s wax, which is a special seal in the beak area. Its color indicates not only the sex of the pet, but also its age.
In mature male budgerigars, the waxwort has a rich blue or blue hue, which does not change until the end of its life. At the same time, in young chicks, the color of the wax is pale pink, therefore, at the age of 3-4 months, they are often confused with females that have beige wax. With age, it darkens and acquires a rich brown hue, by which it is possible to accurately determine not only the sex of the parrot, but also the onset of the bird’s maturity period, when it is ready to reproduce offspring. However, each rule has its own exceptions, and in some specimens of budgerigars, the color of the wax does not allow determining the sex. In this case, you should simply observe your pet, which will eventually allow you to understand who is in front of you. This will be fairly straightforward, as male budgerigars tend to look larger than females. In addition, they are more active, like to sing loudly and love to look at their reflection in the mirror. Females of these funny birds, on the contrary, are distinguished by restraint, rarely show curiosity and are not at all interested in their own appearance. True, it should be noted that in communication with humans, females are more aggressive, they strive to bite a finger through the lattice until they bleed. Males in such a situation behave more restrained and friendly, they are more open to communication with humans.
Experienced birdwatchers are able to determine the sex of budgerigars within a few days after their birth. In this case, the so-called genetic method is used, which is based on the fact that males have a double set of chromosomes, and females have a single set. This is expressed, first of all, in the appearance of the birds, taking into account how their parents look. So, if both the male and the female have a typical color, but they give birth to opaline chicks, then with a high degree of probability it can be argued that these are females. If the offspring were born with birds with a typical color, and the offspring have brown parrots, then they are also most likely females. In addition, the red iris of the eyes, which changes over time, also indicates belonging to the “female” sex. Thus, if you look closely at the newly born budgerigar chicks, you can easily determine how many females and males are among them.
Age-related changes in these birds are reflected not only in the wax, which changes color by about 3-4 months. There are many other signs that can help you identify who is in front of you. a chick or an adult parrot. First of all, you need to pay attention to the plumage of the pet. In juveniles, before the first molt, waves on the head start right from the beak. If you have such a bird in front of you, then its age does not exceed 3 months. It is during this period that the first molt begins in budgerigars, after which the waves on the plumage become more blurred and begin not from the beak, but from the eyes. By the way, if a pet has a characteristic white, yellow, green or blue “cap” on its head, then this indicates that you are already quite mature and fully formed. True, if the eyes of the bird still have a uniform color, black or red-orange, then the parrot is no more than 4-5 months old. Lighter eyes in combination with the “cap” indicate that the bird is already six months old. True, it should be noted that for some species of parrots, including albinos and lutinoses, such a classification is unacceptable. In this case, in birds, the iris of the eyes does not change its color with age. In addition, the males of these breeds have a characteristic pink-purple hue from birth, which persists until the end of their life.
An adult bird from a chick can be distinguished not only by size and characteristic external signs, but also by behavior. This is expressed in restraint and a certain nobility, which is characteristic of both females and males of budgerigars. The older the bird, the more judicious it behaves, showing less aggression and curiosity. When the parrots reach old age, they practically do not fly, become overweight and sleep on a perch most of the day.
The eyes of a young chick are large and completely black without a white shell, and in an adult. a pupil surrounded by a white ring (white iris). Old birds often have no plumage around their eyes.
The chicks have a black beak. In young parrots up to 1.5-2 months, the beak has a black smear, which by itself disappears over time, precisely when the parrot grows up. Sometimes the beak may cease to be black early, in 20-25 days, this is especially characteristic of light-colored parrots. Adult birds have a greenish, straw-yellow beak.
Young parrots are distinguished by their short tail. However, it grows quickly and regains its normal length about two months after the bird is born.
As a rule, young chicks do not have a pale yellow (possibly white) mask. In birds, almost from the wax, a wavy pattern (indistinct) begins on the head. By 6 months, they develop a mask, while the waviness becomes more diffuse and starts from the top edge of the mask.
How to find out the age of a budgerigar by feathering? In a month and a half, the chick has already formed plumage, at this age the parrot should be, as they say, “feather to feather”. In the case when the seller claims that the feathers have not yet “grown to the end”, then this should be embarrassing, since perhaps the bird is just sick or old. Plumage in young individuals is less contrasting than in adults, dull. However, with age, it becomes brighter and clearer. At 4-6 months, parrots shed their “chick outfit” and become overgrown with mature plumage.
How the budgerigar’s age is determined
The favorites of both children and adults are budgerigars. But how to determine the age of a budgerigar. Doing this before molting is usually not very difficult. However, in order to identify how old an adult bird is, deeper knowledge is needed.
A week after birth (maybe 1-2 days earlier), the eyes of the chicks open, after a few days (1-2) the hemp of the first feathers becomes visible. By the third week, parrots have feathers on the back, wings and tail. By the month, the plumage becomes fully formed in appearance, but the birds still differ from adults in their size, as well as in color (it is more vague, without shades).
After the age of 1 month, budgerigar chicks leave their nests, begin to walk on the floor of the cage or aviary. During this period, other parrots are engaged in feeding them in addition to their parents. After a short period of time, the chicks themselves begin to consume food. From this period of time, breeders, as usual, are looking for new owners for chicks.
But it may well happen that instead of a young chick, you will be sold a completely adult, and maybe an old individual. To correctly find out the age of the budgerigar, it is necessary to analyze the following factors.
Ability to fly
Budgerigar chicks are able to fly at about 1 month of age. Although the plumage is still being formed, it is already enough for the first flights. Therefore, if the seller claims that the chick “hasn’t learned to fly yet,” this should alert. Especially when you consider that the chick being sold must be more than 1 month old, the most suitable age is 40-45 days.
In adult birds, the body size is 18-19 centimeters.
Wavy parrot eyes wax how to determine age by it? In a young male, the wax is usually pale purple, and in an adult, it is bright blue.
Thus, the young male has black eyes without a white shell, a pale pink monochromatic wax, “waves” begin directly from the wax, the mask is not formed, the color is blurred. An adult male has eyes with a white iris, a bright blue wax, “waves” begin from the back of the head, a yellow mask and a clear color.
In young females, the wax is very often blue, around the nostrils are white rims. As it grows, it brightens and becomes pale blue or white. Sexually mature females have brown wax (in case the female is ready to reproduce) or white-pink.
If the parrot sheds for the first time (this happens between the ages of 3 and 3.5 months), then the average age of the budgerigar is almost impossible to determine. But it happens that the first molt begins later, sometimes at 6 months, but this is more an exception than a rule.
After a year, determining the age of a parrot is even more difficult. You can only say an old bird or a young.
In albinos and lutinos, it is almost impossible to determine the age of the budgerigar. Even adult birds have a red / dark iris. It is difficult to establish the age of the male of these species, since from the age of the chick and throughout its life, its wax does not change from pinkish-purple. And in the female, on the contrary, the age is set by the wax. She changes her color according to the rules described above.
Who is in front of you: he or she?
Will budgies be talkative and how to distinguish a boy from a girl can be recognized by the behavior of the feathered.
- The male is the leader, he must be noticeable and stand out not only in color. Under natural conditions, the duration of its life and attractiveness in the opposite sex depend on the activity of the feathered.
The mobile, noisy and curious “boy” sings louder and more willingly, flaunts with pleasure in front of the mirror and his relatives. He sticks to other birds, trying to build hierarchical relationships. An active and courageous budgie boy will bravely step onto your hand for food and quickly get used to the new environment.
- And the girl is patient and restrained. She rarely raises her voice, and does not waste time playing in front of the mirror. The female prefers to calmly contemplate.
But if a parrot gets into a new dwelling, she begins to adjust it to herself: she performs a “general cleaning”, throws out everything unnecessary from the cage. Girls’ budgies do not speak as readily as males, but their speech is clearer.
How to tell a boy from a girl budgerigar
Voskovitsa: finding the differences
The main sign that allows you to understand how to distinguish a budgerigar boy from a girl. Beak wax color.
But the younger the bird, the less informative this sign is. Boys and girls up to forty days old cannot be distinguished by wax. In males of the second month of life, the skin growth gradually takes on a delicate pinkish-purple hue. By six months, it turns blue. However, in atypical representatives of the wax species, the color may not change.
And the young budgerigars of the girl, reaching forty days of age, demonstrate a whitish-blue wax or beige, with white highlighting near the nostrils. In a maturing female, this color changes to brown. Sometimes, under stress or moulting, the color of the beak may turn blue, but then the color normalizes.
Why determine the sex of the budgerigar?
A cute chick will eventually become a bright and talkative bird. But how “colorful” his outfit will be, and whether he can easily learn to repeat words and phrases depends on gender. In nature, wavy parrots, boys, attract the favorable attention of feathered ladies with the splendor of color and wonderful singing. Girls who are not so elegant budgies have completely different tasks: to give birth and hatch chicks, and coloring is not so important for them.
You need to know the sex of the bird if you want to buy a pair for breeding, take two parrots so that they are not bored, and when you want to teach your pet to speak.
Determine the gender by the appearance and song of the parrot
- In addition to the signs of behavior and the color of the wax, parrots differ in paws. in the male they are bluish, and in the females they are pink.
- Along the back and head of the male parrot there is a wavy pattern with clear lines. Over time, “zebrainess” may not be so obvious, but the plumage will become very bright and varied. The female has a more modest “outfit”.
- The crown of the male is larger than that of the female and is flat. The head of the parrot girl is slightly flattened from behind, her forehead is pointed.
- Females bite strongly, sometimes to the point of blood, but males are delicate. their bites are rather demonstrative.
- Do you know how else to identify the budgerigar girl? By chants: they are not as long as those of gentlemen, and less intricate.
If, despite your best efforts, neither you nor the breeder know. How to identify a budgerigar boy or girl in front of you, there are only drastic measures left. You can conduct a hormonal study by taking a smear from the cloaca of a wavy feathered for analysis, do an endoscopy, or you can examine the tissue of the pet’s feather shaft. After a medical diagnosis, you will have no doubts.
If you still cannot figure out how to distinguish a budgerigar boy from a girl, and they could not help you even on the thematic forum, remember, if the bird has laid an egg, then she is a female!))
Determining the age of the budgerigar can be by examining the wax. This is perhaps the most common method that indicates the age and gender of the bird. Those birds in which the color of the wax is even and has pink or purple hues is a sign of a young male. Females will have a blue color, and there will be light rims around the nostrils. Adult birds acquire a brown or pale blue tint of wax.
Initially, buyers need to turn their attention to the feathered eye. They indicate when he was born. If the chick has absolutely black, large and round eyes, then this means that the pet is young. If there is a small iris of light shades around his pupil, then the pet is an adult. A similar phenomenon appears at the age of six months.
Also, in budgies, you can find out the age by the color of the beak. Only newly born chicks wear a black beak, as they grow up, the dark spot turns into an ordinary yellowish color or sometimes with a green tint. Therefore, if the beak is with dark spots, then the bird is not yet 2 months old.
You can try to clarify the age of the paws. In a young individual, the scales on the paws will be smooth and dense to each other. While adults or older individuals have uneven scales on their feet.
Determining the age of the budgerigar. Plumage color
Young animals leave their nest from the age of one month. By this time, quite feathered birds walk at the bottom of the cages. In a month and a half, the feather cover will already be smooth and beautiful. Therefore, the first sign of a parrot’s youth is not bad plumage. On the contrary, if the bird is “plucked” and the feathers are ugly or uneven, then this is a sign of illness or old age. Therefore, you cannot believe the seller that a lack of a pen indicates youth.
In order to understand the approximate age by color, you should take a closer look at the contrast and brightness of the colors. At a young age, a parrot’s feather is not as bright as that of older representatives, in addition, the contrast is also not significant. But after six months of age and molting, the color becomes rich and beautiful. Therefore, the young will not have the very bright colors of their feathers. In addition, the spots on the throat of a young budgie will not have the correct shapes and they are unevenly located.
You should also pay attention to the tail. After all, birds that are under 2 months old will not have long feathers. The feather on the tail gets longer with age.
Other signs of youth
As a rule, birds that do not exceed 20 cm in size are taken out for sale. They must be able to fly. If the seller insists that a bird cannot fly due to its youth, then such a bird is not worth buying, because it may be sick.
The ideal period for buying a pet is 3-4 months of age. At this age, the bird should be about 18-19 cm, it should fly. The eyes of the pet should be dark in color, possibly with a red tint, without a light iris. The parrot’s wax should be pink in color, perhaps even with a slight dark spot. Such a parrot has not yet molted, therefore, their color is not very saturated and not contrasting.
It is possible to determine the age of a parrot by the described signs, but sometimes they do not work at full strength. In other words, albino birds, lutino or celandine parrots are characterized by the following features:
- In males, the beeswax can retain pink hues or sometimes blue for a long period.
- The wax of females changes according to the standard rules.
- By the time of sale, the beak of birds will be a light uniform color, without dark spots, since they disappear by 25 days of life.
- The main iris in these species has dark colors with red hues and persists until the end of days.
From all that has been described, it can be concluded that it is possible to personally find out the age of a bird only up to six months of age. After this, the signs of a parrot will be smoothed out and only old or infected pets will have characteristic differences from their relatives. It should be remembered that the last moment of aging of an individual is the presence of a light iris in the eyes.
Determining the age of the budgerigar
The age of a parrot can be determined with greater accuracy up to a six-month period. After six months, it is difficult to determine the age, since the anatomical structure of the parrot after this period changes little, which is the main difficulty in the further more or less accurate determination of the age of the parrot.
They leave the nesting house at the age of one month. At this age, budgerigar chicks are already fully formed and feathered. The chicks differ from the adult budgerigar by the waves coming from the waxworm itself, completely black eyes and a black spot on the beak (with the exception of light colors), which disappears in a week or two.
At about 2-3 months, the first molt begins in budgerigar chicks. The hairs on the head begin to gradually disappear, and by 4-5 months a “cap” is formed, and the plumage becomes brighter.
At the age of about 4-6 months, a white iris appears around the pupil. In budgerigar chicks, at 3 months, puberty begins: the color of the wax is changed, but we will consider this process in more detail when we talk about sex determination.
When determining the age of a parrot, there are exceptions for some colors. For example, parrots, in the plumage of which white or yellow color predominates (such as albinos and lutino), parrots with this color remain the same throughout their bird life as in infancy (the iris around the pupil does not appear, there are no waves on the head and the waxworm does not change its colors).
Determine the sex and age of the budgerigar. Determining the sex of the budgerigar
Now let’s talk about how to correctly determine the sex of a parrot.
One of the only and most accurate signs by which you can determine the sex of budgies is the color of the wax. In young males, before puberty, the wax is bright purple, pink or pale purple, evenly colored. In female parrots, it can be pink, blue, pale purple, while you can observe a prerequisite: there are light, almost white circles around the nostrils of the female parrot.
In chicks, the waxworm can either brighten or darken during the day, so one photo is not enough to correctly and more accurately determine the sex of a parrot, so if you ask on the forums for help in determining the sex of your parrot, then post several photos taken in different shooting modes.
At about three. After four months, the parrots begin to puberty, and the color of the wax in males begins to change to bright blue, and in females to light brown or beige (sometimes it can remain light blue with white circles around the nostrils).
The waxes of males of albinos and lutino do not change with age and remain forever bright pink as infants, and the waxes of females change in the same way as in everyone else. In very rare cases, the male waxen may not turn blue completely, but in spots.
There are always many nuances in determining the sex and age of a parrot, because each bird is unique, so if you find it difficult to determine the age and gender of your parrot yourself, create a topic on our forum and more experienced people in this matter will tell you.
By body size and ability to fly
If we evaluate an adult budgerigar from head to tail, its size is no more than 20 cm. The young chick looks smaller because of its short, short tail. However, it is not worth relying on this method of determining the age of the budgerigar as the main one. As already mentioned, some birds have a habit of spoiling the tail, “shortening” themselves in this way.
Do not fall for one more trick of the sellers who claim that their chick is so young that it cannot fly yet. Chicks are capable of their first flights within a month after birth. They may not even have fully formed plumage, but they can already fly. If he does not fly, the reason lies in something else.
Tail and legs
Knowing how to determine the age of a budgerigar, do not fall for the trick of the sellers. Young chicks have short tail feathers. Approximately when the chick reaches 2 months of age, the tail feathers grow to the size of adults and are no longer guided by it on how old the parrot is.
However, it happens that, for some reason, the feathery loses its tail. Then cunning sellers pass him off as a young individual. Having bought such a parrot, you have a chance to get an elderly pet, which has a bad habit of spoiling its feathers.
Benefits of buying from a breeder
Professional parrot breeders sell their pets ringed. The ring on their paw indicates the date of birth of the chick and the country or nursery where these birds are sold. Sometimes the chick’s number is also indicated. The ring is worn by a nine-day-old bird. This is a kind of parrot passport that dispels doubts about its age.
But even here you can be deceived! See that the ring is solid, non-removable. And it didn’t look like he was clamped yesterday with tongs on the leg of an adult feathered, and today they are being sold to you as a young individual.
Plumage and spots on the neck
The newly born budgerigar chicks are not the biggest beauties, their plumage is just beginning to grow. But in one and a half month old chicks, the plumage becomes even and beautiful. But bad, uneven and as if disheveled plumage often helps to determine that the bird is sick or is already old. Therefore, do not believe the assurances of sellers that a pet with not very beautiful plumage is still very young.
Quite simply, you can find out the age of the budgerigar by color: young chicks up to six months have a slightly dull plumage with less contrast than in adults. At 6 months after molting, the bird acquires bright plumage. You can only see this contrast against the background of other budgerigars. However, you should be careful: the dull plumage, together with the absent near-eye plumage, speaks of the old age of the feathered.
On the throat of young birds, there are chaotically scattered small and poorly expressed spots. they are called throat spots. The older the feathered becomes, the more distinct oval spots on its throat.
According to voskovitsa
The easiest way to help determine how old a budgerigar is (also, by the way, gender is also determined) is to examine its wax.
- The first few months of life in males, the beeswax is pink or pinkish-purple in color. As the feathered matures, it turns bright blue.
- Females up to 2-2.5 months of age have waxes of blue, light purple or pink color. White rims surround the nostrils. As the bird grows older, the color of the beeswax turns white, occasionally with a bluish or pinkish tint. When a girl is ready to have offspring, the wax becomes brown.
Exceptions to the rule
In all the variety of breeds of budgerigars, there are mutational breeds, the so-called “inos” (including lutino, albino), recessive-variegated and celandine parrots, the methods described here are not suitable for determining the age.
- Mutational breeds always have black eyes, irises never stand out.
- Lutino and albinos have red eyes.
- Representatives of these breeds very rarely have a black beak, even when very young. Unless in birds with light plumage up to 25 days of life, a blackish spot can be seen on the beak.
- It is impossible to determine age by the “waves” on the heads of parrots, since these breeds do not have such waves, they are all smooth-colored.
- The light pink or bluish wax of males is unchanged throughout their lives. In females of these breeds, it also changes at the same time as in ordinary breeds of budgies.
There are exceptions to the rule not only in mutations, but also in standard budgies. Here is a photo of a young, 2-3 month old boy who does not yet know what molting is, but already has a blue wax and a white iris of the eyes. signs of adult males:
How to find out the age of a budgerigar
In addition to the fact that a young pet will live with you for many years, it will be physically and mentally much healthier than its older brother.
They start selling chicks at the age of 1 month. then they are already completely independent, able to eat, fly, fully fledged and ready to join a new family.
At 3-6 months, the first (juvenile) molt occurs in chicks. Up to this point, the differences from the older brothers are quite obvious. Later, it becomes not so easy to determine the age, it seems that young individuals are not very different from the old ones, but there are still some signs that are noticeable upon closer examination.
By eyes and beak
A young bird up to 4-6 months of age has large, round eyes. They do not seem to have an iris. the eyes are completely black. After 6, sometimes 11 months, the iris of the eyes brightens, turns white, which means that the bird has become an adult. The wider the iris becomes, the older the parrot.
Quite accurately, you can determine the age of a budgerigar by its beak: newly born chicks have a black beak. The older the bird becomes, the lighter its beak is until it becomes straw yellow, sometimes with a green tint. True, these changes with the beak are not long-term. the bird acquires its usual color in 1.5-2 months.
In this table, see how changes in appearance occur in budgies by month:
|0-1.5 months||Black beak (not all)|
|The eyes are round, black, no iris|
|The pattern in the form of waves on the head starts from wax|
|1.5-3-4 months||Black eyes, no visible iris|
|The pattern in the form of waves on the head starts from wax|
|The beak acquires a straw yellow color|
|3-4 months||The eyes are black with no visible iris|
|Many have the beginning of the first (juvenile) molt|
|The wavy pattern on the head is shifted to the back of the head|
|5-8 months||The iris of the eye begins to brighten, except for exceptions|
|Instead of “waves”, a monophonic “hat” appears on the head|
|From 8 months||Pronounced white irises|
|The “cap” on the head is fully framed|
|From this age, there are no more external changes. Determining the exact age becomes impossible|
Help in determining the age of budgies
Examination of eyes, beak and paws
The first thing to look out for is the budgie’s eyes. They will allow you to find out how long ago he was born. Perfectly black eyes, large and round, surrounded by healthy plumage. a sign of the chick’s youth. By 4-6 months, a light iris will appear around the pupil. this is already an adult bird.
The color of the beak may indicate that the parrot is very young. From birth, chicks have a black beak. As it grows, the black spot disappears, and it acquires the usual straw-yellow or even greenish tint. This happens by 1.5-2 months, and sometimes a little earlier.
The paws of the bird do not so much confirm youth as they retain traces of past years. In a chick or young parrot, the scales on them are smooth and tightly fitted to each other, a feeling of an even skin is created. Uneven or low-lying paws make it recognizable for a venerable parrot.
Inspection of the wax
The most famous indicator of the age and sex of a parrot is wax, since the age of a budgerigar is determined by it?
The wax of immature parrots is evenly colored, pink or pale purple. In young females, it is blue, pink or pale purple, and the nostrils are surrounded by light, almost white rims. In an adult female, it acquires a pale blue color, and becomes brown during the breeding season. Also, the color of the wax is a sign of puberty.
From the wax itself begins a cap of dark waves. In some colors, the wavy pattern may be subtle, for example, in recessive pale colors. Birds younger than 3-4 months have little or no white or yellow masks. The mask will appear after the first juvenile molt, which occurs over the age of 3 months, but may be delayed up to 6 months. Sometimes the cause of prolonged shedding can be inadequate, poor-quality nutrition or prolonged stress. Therefore, it is advisable to consider this feature in combination with other.
Plumage and color inspection
Chicks leave the nest at the age of one month. By this time, quite feathered chicks are trampling along the bottom of the cage. At a month and a half, the plumage is already even and beautiful. Bad plumage is not a sign of youth. On the contrary, it may look like an old or sick bird. Therefore, you should not believe the seller’s assurances that the parrot is young.
How to determine the age of a budgerigar by color? It is not yet as bright and contrasting as in a bird of mature years, but after juvenile molting, by 6 months the parrot will be completely colored with its color. The spots on the neck do not yet have an even oval shape, they are uneven in shape and size.
In order to sell a late bird, sellers can go to some tricks. Knowing some of them will help you avoid the frustration of a failed purchase. Thus, the tail plumage of parrots under 2 months old is much shorter than that of adult relatives, but this trait usually disappears before the bird finds a new owner. Then the tail unit will shrink more than once and grow back again. It is not worth believing the seller’s assurances about the bird’s youth on this basis of the short tail. On the contrary, you can purchase a bird with a habit of spoiling your feather.
It is optimal to purchase a budgerigar before the age of 3-4 months. So how do you eventually recognize a young parrot? A healthy young male budgerigar has a body size of 18-19 cm and can fly. He looks at the future owner with large black or very dark red eyes without a light rim. The wax of its beak, on which a black spot may still persist, is pink or pale purple. Characteristic waves begin from it, there is no light mask. Such birds have not yet molted, because their color is not sufficiently contrasting, and the throat spots are uneven. Females differ only in the color of the wax.
Exceptions to the rule
For some colors, the listed characteristics do not work to the full, for example, for albinos, lutino, celandine and recessively variegated. Their features:
- The male beeswax retains a light pink or even blue color for many years;
- The wax of females changes according to the general rules;
- They do not initially have waves or they are very invisible;
- The beaks of light-colored birds do not have a black smear by 25 days;
- The iris of these parrots remains black or dark red for life.
From all the listed signs, we can conclude that it is possible to independently find out the age of the budgerigar only in the first 6 months of life. Then the signs are smoothed out, and only an old or sick bird will differ from its fellows. The last stage of growing up will be the appearance of a light iris of the eyes. If you plan to tame and teach speech, buying such a bird is undesirable.