Edible sticks and bones for cleaning
A healthy treat for your pet. They contain vitamins and minerals, they clean the surface of the teeth well.
There are toothpick toys. They can be edible or inedible. While the dog is chewing on a toy, his teeth will be cleared of plaque.
Step-by-step preparation for cleaning
- Find the right moment. Half of the success depends on this. The dog should be as calm and peaceful as possible. The best time is after walking or training. A dog tired from active pastime will create fewer problems for the owner.
- Train to the presence of your hands in the pet’s mouth. He should respond normally to the care of his jaws. Start by touching, around and inside the mouth as usual. Gradually, the animal will get used to the sensations, and will not resist during the hygiene session.
- “To acquaint” with accessories and hygiene products. First, squeeze some of the product onto your finger and let your dog lick it off. So you will understand whether you have chosen the right paste, and the dog will quickly get used to the new product. When your pet is familiar with the taste and smell of the hygiene product, lift your lips and run your finger over your pet’s gums and teeth. Such manipulations will be preparation for the “acquaintance” with the toothbrush.
- Demonstrate a four-legged toothbrush. Give your dog time to “examine” the brush. She should examine it carefully before cleaning. You can apply a little paste and let the animal lick it off the nap. Praise her for doing this.
The first brushing of the dog’s teeth
It is better to teach to brush at a puppy age. But adult dogs adapt well to the new procedure. The main thing is calmness and no violence. Also remember that puppies should not be trained on a full stomach. the baby may vomit.
It is better to start cleaning in the evening, when the pet has walked up, has eaten and is ready to rest. It is not worth sticking the brush into the mouth right away. The dog can be painful to such a barbaric, in its opinion, procedure.
The following scenario is ideal for the first cleaning:
- Prepare meat broth.
- Wrap your finger in three layers of gauze and dip it in the broth.
- Slide your finger along your teeth.
This procedure should be carried out until the pet gets used to manipulating the mouth. It is important to talk to the dog all the time, to praise in every possible way for good behavior.
If the pet resists, you cannot stop trying. Wipe your teeth daily with your finger, trying to increase the procedure time by at least a couple of seconds.
When the dog is used to it, you can start introducing him to the pasta. Let the animal smell it first. The dog must understand that this is tasty and not dangerous.
The cleaning technique is as follows:
- Apply a little paste to the gauze-wrapped finger.
- Using your fingers, gently lift the dog’s lip and slide your finger over the teeth and gums.
- Be sure to praise the animal for good behavior.
If the pet strongly resists, in no case should you use force. The dog will have unpleasant associations and will become much more difficult to train.
So, when the pet is used to it, you can carry out a full cleaning. How to do it correctly:
- Apply the paste to the brush and press a little against the villi (so that it does not fall on the first contact).
- Start brushing with large teeth and canines. these are the most dirty areas.
- Movements should be strictly up and down, at least 10 times for each tooth. The rest of the teeth can be brushed less often.
- When the procedure is over, rinse your mouth with a syringe with chamomile infusion. It is good for your dog’s teeth and stomach.
Brushing your dog’s teeth should be done twice a week. The duration of the procedure is approximately 10 minutes. Most of all, the pet will not sit out.
How to train your dog
To properly brush your pet’s teeth at home, you need to prepare him for the procedure. This requires:
- Pick up a brush. Dog brushes differ from human ones in the material used in their manufacture, it is softer. If your pet refuses to brush your teeth, use your finger at first.
- Choose a paste. It is not recommended for a dog to brush his teeth with human paste. It contains compounds that are absolutely safe for us, but toxic to animals. Also in dog pastes there are flavors, additional components that make the smell of the product attractive.
- Choose the optimal time. Choose the right time to get your dog used to the procedure faster. Cleaning is recommended after active sports, games, walks. A tired pet will have no strength to resist.
So that the puppy does not resist, teach him that you have the right to touch his mouth. Examine your teeth by touching them so that he gets used to your touch.
Why do dogs need to brush their teeth
Many owners of tetrapods are skeptical about the need for hygiene procedures. They forget that dogs are carnivores that naturally hunt and gnaw bones, rather than eating porridge or preserving.
In nature, the enamel is cleared of adhering pieces of food, reminiscent of classical hygiene. Outdoor pets, unlike pets, are less likely to suffer from dental problems.
How to properly brush your dog’s teeth
- Cleaning the outside. Brush the teeth of the upper and lower row by sliding from top to bottom along the upper and lower jaws. Cross-cleaning will not give results. you will only distribute the dirt evenly over the teeth. Move from the center strictly in one direction, then. change the trajectory in the opposite direction.
- Cleaning the inside. Gently grip the top of the mouth with your palm. Raise your lip slightly and open your mouth. Brush your teeth along the inner row in the same way as you did on the outside.
- Massage the gums. To improve blood flow, massage your gums with a special thimble brush. First massage up and down, then in a circular motion.
- Promotion. For perseverance and patience, you must certainly reward your pet and treat it with your favorite treat.
How to prepare your dog to brush his teeth? Selection criteria for paste and brush
- Fingertip. Made of silicone, it has small bristles on one or two outer sides to remove dirt. Designed for animals with delicate gums that do not mind hygiene.
- Disposable. The brush is initially gel-coated and has soft bristles. Disposed of after one use. Not widely used due to high costs.
- With a sponge. instead of the classic bristles, there is a soft material on the brush. It can be used for sensitive gums but does not guarantee perfect cleaning.
- With handle and double bristles. The long handle has a large brush on one side and a small one on the other. This model is essential for the hygiene of the posterior and anterior molars.
- Triple. Equipped with three types of bristles. Recommended for large breed dogs.
- The brush is a treat. Made in the form of bones or sticks with bristles.
- American Hartz and 8 in 1;
- Italian Camon;
- German Gimpet and Trixie;
- Dutch Beaphar;
Important! Age-related changes lead to gradual wear of molars, increased fragility and damage, and increased sensitivity. Therefore, older pets need soft bristled brushes. Cleansing the entire row is carried out 2-3 times a week with maximum care.
- Use a cotton ball. Saturate it with ear cleaner so that moisture oozes out
- Place the ball in your ear and massage for about 30 seconds. During this time, the dirt and sulfur will dissolve, and the dog will enjoy
- Take out the cotton wool, wipe the ear
- If necessary, repeat steps 1,2,3
What not to use to clean your ears
It is not recommended to use:
- Alcoholic or strong saline solutions. dry out, irritate
- Vinegar or hydrogen peroxide. can burn the mucous membrane if it gets deep into the ear
- Popular drops “Bars” and similar medications, not intended for preventive cleaning of ears. you need to read the instructions and use only as directed by a doctor
- Paper napkins. for soaking. they fall apart when moistened, pieces may remain in the ear
- Oil without indications for use. will glue the villi inside the ear, may cause blockage of the ear canal
- Soaps and baby lotions. contain additives that are harmful to dogs and may cause an allergic reaction
- Gauze. threads may remain in the ear
- Cotton swabs in inexperienced hands. can injure the ear, push the contamination further
How often to clean your dog’s ears
The frequency and nature of ear care is influenced by:
- Age. puppies need frequent prophylaxis. For them, it is also a way to establish contact with the owner, accustoming them to fulfilling all his requirements, even a little uncomfortable. Also, more frequent grooming will be required for “older” dogs;
- Breed. Short-haired animals with erect ears need less grooming than dogs with long hair and drooping ears. The fact is that dust, dirt, and earwax accumulate on the surface of long ears. And since long ears are less ventilated, this leads to debate, the development of pathogenic microorganisms, fungus;
- Lifestyle. sofa pets do not need to look into their ears as often as active walking or working dogs;
- Season. in a warm season (usually spring and autumn) forest ticks are activated, they really like the easily accessible ear zones. If this happened to your dog and the veterinarian is not available, you need to remove it by rotating the tweezers, then treating the wound with an antiseptic (but follow the further condition of the animal and show the doctor as soon as possible). Even during summer swimming in an open reservoir, dirty water gets into the ear, and it must be removed with a dry swab so that inflammation does not occur;
- Health Condition. Healthy dogs do not need frequent brushing as much as weakened, elderly dogs.
Taking care of the condition of the auricles, one should not forget that frequent cleaning without indications can harm the pet. The inner surface of the ear canal is covered with small villi, designed to push excess earwax and dirt to the surface, to prevent the accumulation of dust.
After bathing, you may need to clean your ears because of water that has got into them. Photo: Billy McKechnie Follow
Often wiping the inner surface, inexperienced owners crush, break them, depriving the pet of natural protection.
Some dog breeds require increased ear control. Hanging ears of long-haired breeds are considered problematic. Closed ears do not have enough oxygen, they sweat more and become more dirty. Schnauzers, poodles require special care, their ears are covered with long, hard hair.
Hair accumulating in the ear opening must be removed. cut with blunt scissors or contact a specialist groomer.
How to clean your ears at home
Experts suggest using:
- Special lotions. dissolve dirt, earwax. Are removed by massaging, with a dry napkin (or by shaking the dog’s ears) “SaniPet”, “Trixie”, “Otifree”, “Ear Cleansing Liquid”, “Nutri-Vet”, “Iv San Bernard CLEAN EAR”, “Chris Christensen MYSTIC EAR ”and others. Using lotion to clean the ears
- Chlorhexidine aqueous solution is an effective affordable antiseptic
- Pharmaceutical or home saline (1 liter of boiled water, 1 tsp Salt). antimicrobial effect
- Weak sea salt solution. will dry the skin
- Decoction of flowers of calendula, lavender, chamomile. will refresh and disinfect
- Green tea. wipe the surface of the auricle (prevention of inflammation, irritation)
- Sanitary napkins for dogs from the veterinary pharmacy. specially designed for cleaning ears. Impregnated with a special substance that dissolves mud deposits, do not irritate the surface of the auricle (“Nutri-Vet”, “8in1 Ear Cleansing Pads”, etc.)
- Special powder for long-eared dogs. dries the inner surface of the ear, improves ventilation, reduces the accumulation of wet dirt (“Espree EAR POWDER”, “Ear hygienic powder 8in1 Excel 3 in 1 Ear Powder (USA)”, etc.)
- Special oils. used only when a large amount of dried dirt accumulates, which cannot be removed without preliminary softening
- Cotton pads. they are safer than cotton swabs, and even in the hands of an inexperienced zealous dog owner, they will not harm
How to clean your dog’s ears
Hearing plays a leading role in the full life of a dog. legends go about their sensitivity. And it is the owner’s job to take care of the pet’s hearing organs.
Checking your ears regularly will help prevent disease, infections and ticks. In this case, it is important to correctly assess the type of auricles. standing, cropped, hanging.
For puppies of some breeds, ears are glued with a plaster to get the correct posture (Yorkies, Dobermans). such cases need a special approach.
Before you start cleaning your ears, think over your actions, prepare everything you need. Decide where you will do it. Lay out so that they are close at hand, but do not fly away from your or your dog’s awkward movement:
- Lotion or decoction or solution
- Cotton pads, or sticks, or gauze
- If necessary. special oil or medicine, or powder
- A treat to reward
Here are some ways to clean your ears.
We are careful
When carrying out the procedure, certain precautions should be observed.
A complete list of what you should never do:
- Hurt your dog
- Deliver discomfort
- Penetrate deep into the auricle. clean only where you see
- To clean clean ears, wipe them daily, rub until they shine. the secret (sulfur) is not in vain, it protects the ear canal from dust, dirt, temperature changes. If it is absent, bacteria penetrate inside faster and begin to multiply. Do not rub the dog’s ears every day to shine. Photo:.Yapster-
- To clean a resisting dog forcibly, holding tightly. stress, negative associations are guaranteed, the reaction will take hold and will continue to get worse. In addition, with resistance to cleaning, microtraumas from rubbing are formed, which leads to the active reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms
- Hunt your pet all over the house. it will get overexcited and will not let you touch your ears
- Pour alcohol, hydrogen peroxide into the auricle. the ear will burn and dry out
- To abuse lotions. preferably use once every 30 days, since they contain salicylic and benzoic acids, which inhibit the growth of all bacteria (both beneficial and pathogenic), which leads to the destruction of natural microflora
- Use expired, not according to the instructions, stored cleaning products. some people mistakenly believe that what is no longer possible for a person can still be used by a dog
- Pour the dirt and wax dissolver into the ear so that it flows out slightly
- Massage the lower part of the ear and ear fold (30 seconds is sufficient). You will hear a chomping sound.
- Carefully wipe off the liquefied dirt with sulfur with a napkin. there will be a brown coating on the napkin
- If there is a lot of liquid mud, repeat steps 1,2,3
- If there is still a lot of dirt after repeating, you can postpone the procedure and repeat after a few days. The solution remaining in the ear is harmless, it does not need to be washed off
- If there is a lot of sulfur during the repeated procedure, or when touched, the dog squeals, consult a veterinarian, perhaps it is an ear infection
When to clean your dog’s ears
Experts recommend regularly examining the ears of pets so that there is no unpleasant surprise in the form of inflammation, otodectosis (ear mites) or fungal infection. It is clear that prevention is easier and cheaper than treatment.
Lop-eared and long-haired, it is advisable to examine every other day, straight and short-haired. 1-2 times a week.
Lop-eared breeds often require an examination of the ears. Photo: Nik Stanbridge
Some doctors talk about daily examination of “problem” shells, monitoring the growth of hair inside the ear. Loose and dead hairs can block the ear canal. This can be easily prevented by removing them with pinching movements of the fingers. the dog will tickle, but not hurt.
It is important to pay attention to changes in the behavior of your four-legged friend. If the dog whines, growls when trying to touch the ears, shakes its head, tilts it to one side, or scratches its paws behind the ears. an unscheduled examination is needed.
If the examination reveals:
- Redness of the skin
- Bad smell
- Brown discharge
- Combing behind the ears,
Then you have a direct road to the vet.
The doctor will determine the cause of the dog’s ear problems
The doctor will examine the pet, make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe a course of treatment in accordance with the disease, weight, condition of the animal. Self-medication or ignoring the problem is fraught with the development of inflammation up to hearing loss or death.
How to brush a small dog’s teeth at home
Your little pets need daily grooming as well as daily food, play, walking and sleep.
Let’s take a look at one of the important issues in dog care. Brushing your teeth, as tartar, for example, is the most common condition in dogs. On average, teeth brushing is carried out 1-2 times a month, but it all depends on the breed of the dog and its diet. In some cases, it is recommended 1-2 times a week.
The best option is to go to a veterinary clinic, where professional doctors will carry out this procedure for your dog without any problems. But it is also possible to do it at home.
A toothbrush for a dog should be medium hard or soft. Many manufacturers (Dirofen, Grimborn, Dental) now produce double-sided brushes with teeth and heads of different sizes, which not only clean the surface of the teeth, but also massage the gums. At home, you can also clean it with a piece of gauze or non-sterile bandage. We put the brush on the finger, raise the lip and begin to clean it with light massaging movements from the gum. It is possible that minor bleeding of the gums is possible.
Chewing ropes and toys are good preventive measures. The ropes are made of nylon thread that is strong enough to twist into a knot to help clear dental plaque and gums. There are also toys with fragrances for fresh breath.
Remember! Constant monitoring and prevention of your pet’s oral cavity is one of the most important components of a dog’s health. Do not allow the situation when problems become global and your pet will need serious treatment in veterinary hospitals.
How to take care of your dog’s health?
A healthy pet pleases its owner, therefore it is necessary to take care of his health, do grooming and vaccinations, brush his teeth, visit a veterinarian.
Everything you wanted to know about dog neutering
You can choose a proven veterinary clinic that performs castration of a dog near your home on a specialized website for pet owners petstory.Ru.
What to do if your dog has bad breath?
About unpleasant odor from the mouth in dogs, the reasons for its appearance and what to do in this case, how to get rid of it
Is it possible to get hepatitis from a small dog?
Hepatitis provokes severe liver damage, is one of the 10 hard-to-heal diseases, and without proper treatment can be fatal. You can even get infected with it in the office of a beautician or a manicure master, but what about small dogs? Is it possible to get hepatitis from them?
First aid to a dog in various situations
A breeder’s minimum knowledge of veterinary medicine will allow you to quickly help your dog in an emergency. Doctors are forced to admit that more problems are caused not so much by injury or illness as by the owner’s wrong actions.
Why you need to brush your dog’s teeth
Bacteria in the mouth not only cause bad odor, but also lead to early tooth loss
If you do not take care of the animal’s oral cavity, then a stone appears on the teeth, which in turn injures the gums.
Health directly depends on such factors:
- Heredity. Breeds such as cockers and poodles are prone to dental diseases.
- Nutrition. This factor plays an important role in the formation of strong teeth. It is important that the diet of pets is varied, minerals such as phosphorus and calcium must be present in the feed.
- Lack of hygiene procedures. This factor can provoke hair loss, fistula formation, as well as the occurrence of periodontal disease and periodontitis.
Diseases of the teeth negatively affect organs such as the liver and heart. Painful sensations lead to the fact that the dog becomes lethargic or angry, refuses to eat and play.
Small breeds (Chihuahuas, Toy Terriers, Pekingese) are most prone to dental diseases. They often have a foul odor in their mouths, and their teeth are yellowish. They have a delicate digestive system, so rough food, such as bones, with which a pet could cleanse the oral cavity, is poorly absorbed by them.
You should brush your dog’s teeth at home at least three times a week. If tartar forms, you should go to a veterinary clinic. The veterinarian will use ultrasound to remove the deposits. This procedure is quite painful, so it is performed under general anesthesia and no more than once every two years.
How to brush your dog’s teeth at home: step-by-step recommendations
Regular brushing of your teeth will save your dog not only from caries, periodontal disease and gingivitis, but also prevent heart and gastrointestinal diseases. It is necessary to teach your pet to clean the oral cavity even in puppyhood. In order not to damage the tooth enamel during the hygiene procedure, you need to use a special paste and a brush for animals. The accumulated dental deposits must be removed in a veterinary clinic using ultrasound.
Choosing a cleaning agent
A dog cannot brush its teeth with “human” toothpaste. It contains fluoride, which may end up in your pet’s stomach as it is difficult for them to rinse out their mouth. This toxic substance, if ingested regularly, can harm the kidneys and cause indigestion.
You can brush your pet’s teeth with the following means:
- Special paste for animals. It can taste like bacon or chicken, which will not make your dog feel bad. It contains components that can soften dental plaque. It will not harm your pet if swallowed.
- Tooth gel for dogs. It is applied to the pet’s teeth half an hour after eating. The product has anti-inflammatory and wound healing effect, it freshens breath and reduces the formation of dental plaque.
- Cleaning spray. The animal’s oral cavity is irrigated from a distance of 10 centimeters. It helps to get rid of unpleasant odors and destroy pathogenic microflora.
The following inventory can be used as a toothbrush for dogs:
|Name and photo||Description|
|Rubber finger cot||This brush has soft bristles. They bend in all directions and do not damage the gums.|
|Double brush with extended handle||At its ends there are brushes of different sizes (for cleaning the back and front teeth). Long handle allows you to reach the most difficult to reach places.|
|Teeth cleaning toy||This toy toothpick is made of natural rubber. By sinking teeth into it, the dog cleans them of food debris.|
|Cleansing (edible) bones||Edible bones can be used for pets who do not allow their teeth to be brushed. Chewing such bones will get rid of the unpleasant odor in the mouth and dental plaque.|
Pet training steps
It is advisable to carry out the procedure when the dog is relaxed and calm, for example, after eating or walking
Despite the fact that teeth in dogs are fully formed by 6-7 months, it is necessary to teach the animal to brush from the age of two months. This will allow the pet to psychologically get used to manipulation and not perceive them as something unnatural.
It is important to choose the right time to train your puppy. Don’t disturb your dog when he is hungry, wants to play or sleep.
Stages of teaching your dog to brush their teeth:
- From time to time, slide your fingers around your pet’s mouth so that later it does not irritate him. Once the animal gets used to it, it usually takes about two weeks, you can proceed to the next stage.
- Apply the cleaner to your finger and let the dog sniff and lick it. The puppy should feel the taste of the paste in order to adequately perceive it in the future.
- When your pet gets used to the new taste, use your finger to apply the cleaner to its teeth and gums. After successfully completing the step, reward the dog with a treat.
- After your pet gets used to the paste, start brushing it. Apply the product to it and let the puppy lick.
- If you feel that the dog is ready, brush the hygiene procedure, starting with the front teeth. If the dog is worried, pet it and continue.
- Increase the number of teeth to be cleaned every day. Always move the brush parallel to the gum.
- It is necessary to switch to cleaning the inside of the teeth only when the puppy will behave calmly during the manipulation.
Step by step guide to brushing your teeth
If you teach a dog from early childhood, then by the age of two it should treat cleaning the oral cavity without irritation
Before proceeding with the hygiene procedure at home, you must position yourself so that the puppy and the owner are comfortable. The duration of the manipulations will take no more than five minutes.
Step-by-step instructions for brushing your dog’s teeth:
- Dampen the brush with warm water and apply a small amount of paste or gel to it. It is advisable to crush the product inside the villi so that the pet does not spit it out in the first seconds.
- Lift the dog’s lips with the index and thumb of one hand.
- Tilt your pet’s head back and open the upper jaw with the thumb of your free hand.
- Brush up and down to avoid spreading dirt throughout your mouth.
- Start brushing with large teeth and canines, as these are where the most deposits accumulate. Each tooth should have at least ten movements. Then start cleaning the rest of your mouth.
- Hold your toothbrush at a 45 degree angle to clean the base of your teeth well.
- At the end of the procedure, rinse your pet’s mouth with clean water using a syringe.
About dog teeth
Adult dogs, belonging to most breeds, have 42 teeth, 20 of which are upper, 22 are lower. Four pointed canines are used for tearing food, the front 6 upper and 6 lower small incisors are used to grip it, the lateral teeth are used to chew. Among dogs from the group of decorative breeds, toothlessness is often found, that is, they lack one or even several teeth.
Like most mammals, a dog’s permanent teeth are formed during childhood in place of the milk teeth that fall out. This process usually begins at 4 months of age. It proceeds rather quickly and ends at the end of the 7th month of the pet’s life. Caring for milk and permanent teeth has its own characteristics.
Cleaning your dog’s teeth at home
Brushing your teeth is not the most difficult of all dog grooming procedures. Knowing how to properly implement it, any owner in most cases will be able to maintain the oral hygiene of his pet without much effort and time.
- Harts Dental Beef Flavored (USA). Tube (85 g). 120-140 rubles;
- Canine Tooth Past 8 in 1 (USA). Tube (90 g). 220-240 rubles;
- Beaphar-Dog-a-Dent (Netherlands). Tube (100 g). 230-250 rubles;
- Gimborn Dental Care with liver flavor (Germany). Tube (50 g). 360-390 rubles.
Please note that it is unacceptable to clean dog teeth with toothpaste intended for humans. While effective in removing plaque, it does include additives that, along with the foam, can enter the animal’s body, causing disturbances in the digestive system or serious allergies. In some cases, too strong foaming of the “human” paste can lead to suffocation of the animal, instinctively swallowing the foam. The paste specially created for dogs does not foam at all, and even if the dog swallows part of it, it will not bring any harm to him.
You will also need gauze. It is used for gentle cleaning of teeth, a delicate procedure appropriate if plaque is removed systematically and does not have time to harden. This is the simplest method of cleaning, in which the gauze is simply wrapped around the index finger, then a small amount of paste is applied to the cloth and massaged in circular motions, alternately process tooth by tooth, easily touching the gums.
If the plaque cannot be removed in the above way, you will have to use a toothbrush. Use a soft-bristled tool to remove slightly hardened plaque; in advanced cases, a stiff bristled brush is required. When using the latter, your movements should be extremely careful: even healthy gums can bleed with excessive pressure on them.
Before starting the procedure, slightly moisten the brush, then apply toothpaste to it. Lift the dog’s upper lip and slowly, in a circular motion, brush the outside of the teeth. first on one side, then on the other. Try to clean the distal posterior teeth as thoroughly as the anterior ones. As practice shows, it is on them that the plaque is most pronounced. Try to cover the back of your teeth with brushing, despite your pet’s objections. this part of the procedure tends to annoy the dog the most.
At the end of the hygiene session, the excess paste should be removed with a damp gauze or cotton swab, because your pet, unlike you, is not able to rinse out the mouth. It will not be very pleasant for him to swallow the paste, and this will cause him uncomfortable associations with the process of brushing teeth.
It is recommended to brush your dog’s teeth 2-3 hours after feeding. Approximately the same time should precede the next meal.
The need to brush your teeth
Systematic care of dog’s teeth is important not only for the aesthetics of your pet’s exterior and the elimination of the repulsive “odor” emanating from its mouth, but also for the prevention of various diseases of the oral cavity. First of all, brushing your teeth reduces the risk of tartar formation, which provokes caries, periodontal disease, stomatitis, gingivitis, and abscesses. A number of diseases of the oral cavity can acquire a chronic form, which, in turn, poses a danger to the work of the cardiovascular and immune systems of the animal’s body.
The cause of dental calculus is the formation of soft dental plaque, which gradually hardens, therefore only the outlined plaque needs to be removed. Usually, teeth brushing is carried out 1-2 times a week. However, many animals have a predisposition to the transient formation of tartar, among them. poodles, cockers, representatives of the terrier group, as well as dogs with a malocclusion. Daily hygiene manipulation may be indicated for them.
Regardless of how often you brush your dog’s teeth, this procedure is not a full-fledged “safeguard” against the occurrence of dangerous pathologies in the oral cavity. Inflammatory processes can be associated with improper diet of the animal, or be symptoms of other, more serious internal diseases. However, during the processing of the patient’s teeth, you will be able to detect the first signs of inflammation in a timely manner. The first thing that should concern you is the constant smell from the mouth of the animal that does not disappear even after the dental procedure, as well as reddening of the gums, bumps, swelling, and bleeding. If you notice these symptoms, hurry up to go with your pet to the vet.
How to train your dog to brush its teeth
You should brush your dog’s teeth using special toothpastes when she is 7-8 months old. During this period, her permanent teeth will have time to completely replace the milk ones. Until this age, dogs do not need to brush their teeth as such, but the point of these manipulations is to accustom the pet to the procedure in advance. To do this, the process is imitated, making the dog understand that caring for her oral cavity is not an execution.
Some docile puppies do not mind when the owners periodically lightly rub their teeth with gauze dipped in warm water. However, most pets fight back fiercely at first. Rebels need a cunning approach. they should be motivated by demonstrating the benefits they can get if they are submissive.
To make the puppy associate the hygienic procedure with pleasant moments, proceed as follows: cook a light beef broth, without salt, vegetables, and other ingredients, cut the meat into small cubes, wrap cheesecloth or cotton wool on the index finger and dip the swab in the broth. Sit comfortably, take the baby in your arms, let him smell the fragrant matter, gently open the dog’s mouth and gently wipe the dog’s teeth in a circular motion, without pressing on them with your finger. Pronounce the word “teeth” clearly and confidently during the procedure. If the kid will behave calmly, tenderly encourage him with the words “good”, “well done” and treat him with meat slices. If the puppy begins to scream, release its sharp claws or try to bite you, do not reward him with a treat.
As your puppy grows up and gets used to brushing his teeth with gauze or cotton wool, you can introduce your dog to the smallest soft-bristled toothbrush. Do not forget that until the pet’s teeth are completely changed, you should only imitate their cleaning, which means that all touching the jaws should be very gentle, without the slightest effort.
A dog, accustomed from childhood to hygienic treatment of the oral cavity, will eventually tolerate systematic brushing of teeth using special means. This will bring less hassle to the veterinarian if you happen to contact him with questions related to dentistry.
How to brush your dog’s teeth
The dog’s teeth are a distinctive feature of its exterior, and they are aptly called the mirror of the animal’s health. Strong, white, with glossy enamel, they are the pride of the dog and his weapon. Keeping dog teeth in perfect condition is the task of an attentive and loving owner, because a pet cannot take care of them on its own, getting rid of plaque and visiting a dentist. Systematic cleaning of a dog’s teeth is an indispensable hygienic procedure, just as important as caring for its hair, claws, ears, eyes. A dental session can be carried out at home, armed with simple devices, or you can go to a clinic where specialists will clean the dog’s teeth using an ultrasound machine.
Cleaning your dog’s teeth with ultrasound
Even the most responsible owners, who never forget to process the oral cavity of their pets and do it regularly, veterinarians advise once every two years to carry out such dental procedures for their pet as brushing their teeth with ultrasound. If you noticed that closer to the gums the dog’s teeth began to acquire a brownish tint, and it is impossible to remove it with a brush, you should contact a specialist immediately, since this sign indicates the formation of tartar in the animal. You cannot delete it yourself.
In specialized clinics, the dog is relieved of tartar using an ultrasound apparatus. a scaler. Ultrasonic manipulation allows you to radically clean the dog’s teeth, removing plaque even in the most difficult to reach areas from the outside and back. To carry out such a procedure, an average of half an hour to an hour and a half is required, it is carried out with or without anesthesia. Whether your pet needs anesthesia, the specialist will decide, but the last word is yours.
As a rule, calm, accustomed to brushing dogs either do not need anesthesia, or they are given a mild sedation. For willful and capricious patients, sedatives and local anesthesia may be recommended. For unpredictable, especially aggressive animals, the procedure is carried out under general anesthesia, which is selected individually after a detailed clinical blood test. Small dogs of decorative breeds, which do not tolerate anesthesia very poorly, are swaddled, rigidly fixed on the table.
The procedure can also be carried out at home. In a number of clinics, a doctor’s home call is free of charge and is included in the total.
Dry food as a means for cleaning teeth
There is an opinion that feeding a dog with quality dry food is an excellent prevention of tartar. Some veterinarians agree with this, others believe that with such a diet, the rate of its formation is simply reduced by two to three times. Still others are generally skeptical of this statement.
The arguments used to justify the benefits of feeding dogs dry food are:
- After eating dry biscuits, a very small amount of food remains in the spaces between the teeth, which limits the nutrient medium for the development of bacteria;
- The size and texture of the dry product is such that animals somehow have to bite through it, sinking their teeth deeply into it. Thus, there is a mechanical removal of plaque.
Why and how often to brush your dog’s teeth
Brushing your teeth is necessary no less than washing your paws daily after a walk. Over time, dental plaque appears on the teeth of a four-legged (however, as well as in humans). If not removed in time, it turns into tartar, which contributes to the destruction and loss of teeth. And this, as everyone understands, leads to dysfunction of all internal organs and diseases.
This is why dental hygiene is vital for a dog. This procedure is recommended to be carried out once a week. For a puppy with milk teeth, there is no need to brush the teeth yet. He can only wipe the gums. Thus, you will gradually teach your pet to brush teeth in the future.
What to clean
To properly brush your pet’s teeth, you first need to purchase special tools. We need the following list:
How to brush your dog’s teeth
Not sure how and how to brush your dog’s teeth at home? But this is one of the necessary hygiene procedures that will help your pet stay healthy. It is advisable to teach your shaggy pet to brushing your teeth from an early age.
It is not at all necessary to resort to the services of specialists every time. Cleaning can be carried out independently, in a house or apartment. Every dog breeder is able to master this procedure.
How to clean
Brushing a dog’s teeth is not particularly difficult. The main thing is to start teaching the puppy to this from an early age, so that in the future this procedure does not cause disgust and negative reaction.
So, let’s look at everything in stages:
- This procedure is best done together, so that one person holds the dog, and manipulates the arc.
- Before you start brushing your dog’s teeth, let him taste and smell a small amount of the paste. Lubricate the gums of a four-legged with it.
- Pull back the skin on the dog’s jaw, where you plan to brush your teeth.
- Apply the paste or mixture you made with baking soda, lemon juice, and chalk to your toothbrush.
- Start brushing from the inner surface of the front teeth of the upper jaw, smoothly moving to the inner surface of the chewing part. Then, similarly clean the outside of the upper jaw. When you finish at the top, go to the bottom.
- You need to clean only with up and down movements. Cross brushing will only carry dirt through the jaw and clog the interdental spaces.
- Perform cleaning strokes at least 10 times per tooth.
- In places of the greatest formation of tartar (as a rule, this is the base of the tooth), cleaning should be carried out more thoroughly.
Well, that’s all, now your dog will sparkle with its clean teeth. Now you can massage your tailed friend’s gums. As I wrote earlier, massage can be done with a thimble brush or simply with a finger dipped in a special gel or peanut butter.
At the end of the whole process, reward your pet and give him some tasty treat. Do not forget that our smaller brothers, just like us, suffer from dental diseases. But unlike us, they cannot go and complain to the dentist about a toothache. Only you can take care of your furry pet.
Do this regularly and your dog will always have strong and healthy teeth.
Alternative dental care products
Special gel for cat teeth.
Some pets do not tolerate the procedure of brushing their teeth so badly that doubts arise about the need for it. Such cats scratch, kick, bite with all their strength, and do not want to open their mouths in any way.
To find a compromise on this issue, you can use alternative oral care products. Immediately you need to make a reservation that they will not be so effective as mechanical cleaning lasting only half a minute.
A small amount of such a product is dissolved in water or feed and offered to an animal that is unlikely to refuse the “tasty”. Once in the oral cavity, the components of the gel destroy pathogenic bacteria on the gums, destroy minor deposits on the teeth.
But there are also special useful bones impregnated with a substance that fights tartar. Cats chew on such bones with pleasure, and thus their teeth are cleaned: on the one hand, the hard surface polishes the canines, and on the other, the active ingredients destroy bacteria and plaque.
Brushing your teeth is essential
Brushing your pet’s teeth is a must!
Of course, you do not need to do this twice a day, however, it is recommended to carry out the procedure at least 1-2 times a week. Due to the regular implementation of this procedure, many dental problems can be avoided: periodontal disease, caries, stomatitis, tartar, gingivitis.
The gums become inflamed due to tartar and plaque on the teeth. This, in turn, can lead to loosening and complete loss of some teeth.
Should I brush my cat’s teeth??
Brushing your teeth is especially important for decorative cat breeds.
Despite the fact that pets generally do a good job of caring for themselves, their owner should still carry out certain procedures. This is especially true for decorative breeds, which for many decades were grown in the conditions of city apartments, and never went outside.
Many may reasonably object to the need for this procedure: really, why do this if in nature cats do not need a toothbrush or paste?
With this lifestyle, the canines are perfectly self-cleaning of plaque, tartar and residues of stuck food.
How to brush your cat’s teeth at home
Fixing the cat for brushing teeth.
First of all, you should prepare a toothbrush and paste, and then securely fix the cat’s head and paws. It needs to be placed between the legs with its tail towards you, because at the first sign of discomfort, it will begin to move backward, and this position will make it possible not to lose control of the situation.
You may have to swaddle the cat or ask for help from a second person so that one can keep the animal strong and the other brush its teeth. This is especially true for aggressive adult individuals who will have to undergo such a procedure for the first time.
Some owners swaddle their cat before brushing their teeth.!
If the pet is too shy, you can first replace the brush with a cotton swab, and only then teach him to use a toothbrush.
Tartar in a cat.
It is enough to carry out cleaning 1-2 times a week. To prevent the appearance of tartar. If this does happen, you need to contact a specialist.
If you could not find a special cat brush, you can use a regular nursery with soft bristles, which will need to be shortened a little.
We brush the teeth of a cat at home: tips how and how to clean correctly
Dreaming of a little fluffy lump, do not forget that it will require not only a lot of attention and care, but also full-fledged self-care. This is generally considered to include a varied diet, regular brushing and bathing. However, to this list, you need to add more brushing your teeth, which is so often forgotten by cat owners.
About brushing and caring for a cat’s teeth. Preparing to brush your teeth
Of course, it is much easier to train a kitten to brush than an adult animal. Therefore, as soon as the baby arrives in the house, you need to devote enough time to oral hygiene.
If you need to teach an adult cat to brush your teeth, for the best effect it is better to do it in stages:
- A special toothbrush and toothpaste should be purchased from your veterinary pharmacy. Hygiene products intended for humans will not work for the cat: the bristles on the brush will be too hard for him and can damage the delicate gums of the animal. And fluoride, contained in many toothpastes, or rather, its shock dose, can destroy the tooth enamel of cat teeth.
Let your cat sniff and get used to the smell of the brush.
When the preliminary preparation has been completed, you can proceed to the procedure of brushing your teeth.
Even if the pet is accustomed to homemade food, it is recommended to periodically give him dry food, thanks to which the teeth are naturally cleaned from food debris.