How to trim and groom your coat?
Spitz have an amazing characteristic associated with their coat. By the age of three, the structure of the coat may change as well as its color. This process can be associated with seasonal molting. In addition, the dog’s skin is trying to get rid of the extinct hairs. Externally, the dog retains the fallen hairs and does not pollute the room. At the moment when a dog sheds, his coat needs daily care.
In order for the Spitz to always have a pleasant appearance and a beautiful woolen cover, you need to take care of it regularly. Each procedure must be carried out on time, regardless of whether you do it yourself or use the services of a grooming salon.
How to trim a spitz at home: haircut options
The Pomeranian is a dog that has a thick, beautiful coat. The collar or tail area looks great. It is imperative to keep track of such a coat, albeit troublesome. Regular grooming for your dog will help with this.
The Spitz is the breed of dog that needs a haircut. It improves the appearance of the dog and makes the coat healthier.
Spitz haircut, how to do it correctly?
Today, a Pomeranian haircut is a practical option. The dog gets less dirty during walks and, accordingly, does not need bathing and brushing. It is necessary to trim the Spitz after three months of age. In the event that the pet does not like to carry out such procedures, then it is not worth insisting on them accordingly. If the pet stands unevenly, then there may be risks with its haircut. You can cut unevenly and even injure your pet’s skin. But how and what haircut can be done for a Spitz?
The density and length of the dog’s coat allows you to cut it as you like. It can be a bear, fox or lion haircut. Such a haircut can be performed by a professional in the salon, and if there are special tools, grooming can be done independently.
In the grooming salon, in addition to haircuts, specialists can also perform other cosmetic procedures. In addition, you can be offered clipping, combing tangles and much more. At home, you do not have to pay for certain services, and you can carry out exactly the necessary procedure that is needed.
Since the dog does not have sweat glands, a haircut that is too short deprives it of its natural defenses. It is especially dangerous in the hot season, when a too short version can open up the possibility of both overheating and sunstroke. On a cold and rainy day, the dog can also be vulnerable. Therefore, it is better to choose a haircut of medium length.
It is worth considering that the dog has a delicate skin, so a short haircut will bring too many problems to the owners. In some cases, these can be serious diseases, such as the occurrence of burns, dermatitis, and oncological diseases. In addition, during walks, the short-haired Pomeranian can become a target for various insects. Dogs of this breed may develop an allergic reaction.
It is worth not experimenting with haircuts bald. After that, the dog will never grow hair. The required amount of wool is three to four centimeters. A high-quality model haircut will emphasize the beauty and advantages of the dog and will not harm its health.
Preparing for a spitz haircut: combing correctly
Before performing a haircut for a Pomeranian, you need to be able to properly comb the dog. It is worth noting that this dog needs to be brushed at least several times a week. It is not worth combing the animal every day, since you can remove the main part of the undercoat. And in order for the Spitz not to experience any inconvenience during combing, you need to accustom to this procedure from the first days of appearance in the house.
- When carrying out the first procedures for combing, the Spitz can be seated on the knee. The dog needs to adapt and get used to it. Over time, he will be able to stand still, and you will perform simple maintenance.
- A soft brush may be suitable for the combing procedure; it will not pull the hairs out of the dog’s fur, but, on the contrary, will massage its skin. You can brush your Pomeranian in any direction. But you definitely need to do it against the grain.
- The hair of the Spitz generally does not get tangled. The only exception to their appearance may be the area of the armpits, between the fingers, in the groin area and in all those places where it is especially soft. When combing, it is worth paying special attention to the most vulnerable spots. In order to rid the dog of the tangles, they are first plucked out, and then trimmed. It is important not to hurt the animal at this stage. To prevent the wool from tangling, the Spitz is slightly fluffed by hand. This procedure is carried out after the dead villi have been thoroughly combed out.
- In order to prevent the wool from electrifying during combing, antistatic agents are used. High-quality sprays and conditioners are used to moisturize the wool. They may also be needed to cut the dog with your own hands.
Shaved pomeranian: when a haircut is necessary?
After clipping, the coat begins to grow better and thicker. Initially, a Spitz puppy has down. Upon reaching three months of age, it is replaced by a woolen coat with a thick undercoat. In the event that you are going to take the dog to the show, then grooming is necessary for it. But only a specialist knows the intricacies of haircuts for a Spitz, as well as fashion trends.
It is important for the Pomeranian owner to know that, according to the standard, the Pomeranian should not have the appearance of a clipped dog. It must be prepared at least six months before the exhibition. During this time, the animal should grow properly.
Stage of the second haircut of the Spitz: we bathe correctly
Before performing a planned shearing for a dog, the Pomeranian owner must know how to properly bathe the Pomeranian and do it as needed. To do this, you need to use special shampoos and conditioners. You need to try once a month. The only exception may be the upcoming dog show, when a dog bathing is indispensable.
After the walk, the pet should only wipe its paws with a damp towel. Only if there is a large amount of dirt on the paws, the Spitz is washed in the shower. It is especially important for the dog’s skin to be bathed without detergents. The Spitz is bathed with dog shampoo no more than twice a year. After the dog has bathed, you need to treat the skin of the animal with a dry dog shampoo. He will tidy up the coat of the Pomeranian. After applying dry concentrated aerosols, you need to comb the dog’s coat with a special comb.
During the shedding season, water treatments are contraindicated for the puppy, as they increase hair loss. It is not worth combing the wet coat for both a puppy and an adult dog. As a result of such actions, you can cause a lot of inconvenience to the dog. After bathing, the dog must be dried with a hairdryer, as natural drying is not suitable for this breed. Wet dog’s coat. this is one of the reasons for the appearance of fungus and bacteria on the skin of a dog.
Pomeranian haircut: how to cut?
- For a regular model haircut, you can neatly trim the hair around the root of the tail. And also you need to remove the hair from the ears, collar. You need to cut neatly between your toes. In this area, the dog’s coat can fall off, become dirty. If this area is not cut in time, it will hurt the dog to step on its paws.
- After the model haircut of the main areas has been completed. With the help of thinning scissors, the wool is leveled along the entire length.
- You can make a model haircut with both scissors and a hair clipper using a large attachment. A human hair clipper is not suitable for this purpose. The Pomeranian has too coarse coat. The dog only needs a professional machine.
- To perform a model haircut, you will definitely need thinning scissors. They will help remove excess hair and trim the ends.
- Blunt scissors are essential for cutting hair on the legs, ears and around the anus. Grooming should be done regularly to keep the pet clean.
- You will also need some hairbrushes. Frequent and rare combs should be made of metal. You will also need a massage brush with long metal teeth. After you have cut the main length in the head and neck area, combs will be needed to comb out the Spitz for a bear.
- In order to perform a fashionable haircut, you need to cut the paws around the circumference to the knee in front and to the hock in the back with special care.
- The tail can be trimmed in any order. According to the standard, there should be more hairs on the tail than on the head.
In hot summer weather, the dog gets dirty too often, so more and more people want to cut the Pomeranian short. A popular haircut for the summer season is the “puppy” haircut. It consists in the fact that wool is shorn everywhere evenly. The total coat length is no more than two centimeters. Spitz at this time becomes like a puppy or a bear cub.
A haircut for a Pomeranian in a grooming salon will cost at least one and a half thousand rubles. Considering the fact that a dog needs to be cut once a month. It is quite possible to save on this service if you cut it yourself. Taking advantage of our simple recommendations, a Spitz haircut will become quite within your power!
How to care for a Pomeranian dog?
The most important thing in caring for any dog is organizing the correct diet for the animal. If a pet is purchased or taken from a breeder by a puppy, it should be clarified what kind of diet is inherent in the animal. The same applies to those cases when the animal acquires new owners already as an adult. The first few days after the animal has found a new home, you should adhere to its usual diet. Subsequently, it can be changed at your discretion.
The puppy can be fed with two types of food:
If a Pomeranian dog was purchased by the owner, caring for the pet should also be expressed in the right food. If the owner of the Spitz has chosen industrial food as the main food, professional food for puppies should be chosen for small individuals. After the pet reaches six months, it is necessary to switch to food for juniors. In this case, be sure to give the dog clean drinking water.
Finding the perfect vacation spot for your pet is also important. Spitz prefer cozy and protected from the cold places in the apartment. However, you shouldn’t put the bench next to the battery. You should also refrain from installing a couch on the aisle. The pet will be glad to have a cozy little house for him. Here he will feel comfortable.
Owners should make sure that the dog is not in the habit of jumping onto chairs and sofas. Otherwise, unsuccessful jumping off them may result in damage to the joints. Do not take your dog up stairs for the same reason.
Until the pet has been vaccinated (if it was taken into the house by a puppy), it cannot be taken outside, as the dog can pick up any infection.
Also, owners should be aware that Spitz dogs also require grooming regarding their coat.
To keep six animals in order, the owners will need:
If possible, the dog should be taught to brushing constantly from early childhood. Over time, such a procedure will even become pleasant for her. Due to the density of the coat, it will have to be combed out every day. The ideal time for this is after a walk or after a meal. If the pet is not yet accustomed to everyday combing, after walking and in the afternoon it will be as calm as possible. there will be no problems with combing.
Description of the breed
It is believed that the Pomeranian is a type of German Spitz, but many experts distinguish three more subspecies of the breed. Bear-type Pomeranian pygmy spitz has a slightly flattened muzzle. The fox-type Pomeranian has an elongated muzzle, with a pointed chin and a button-like nose. Toy-type Pomeranian Spitz resembles the bear type, but their muzzles are shorter and more flattened, and their eyes are set wide apart. The ears of the Spitz are small and erect, and the tail is very fluffy and curled over the back.
Spitz have a very peculiar physique: the height at the withers is equal to the length of the body, so the dog looks more like a square. But the main feature and calling card of the breed is a thick luxurious coat with a dense undercoat, which keeps the guard hair perpendicular to the body. On the chest of Spitz, the fur forms a lush collar, and on the hind legs. fluffy “pants”.
Spitz colors are very diverse: black, brown, white, red, gray and other shades. For monochromatic dogs, the presence of small specks is considered a defect. In spotted dogs, the opposite blotches should be evenly spaced throughout the body.
How exactly the Pomeranian Spitz breed appeared is still not known for certain. For example, not far from the historical homeland of the Pomeranian Spitz, archaeologists have found the remains of the so-called “peat” dogs, which could well have been the ancient ancestors of the Spitz. Siberian reindeer huskies are also considered the ancestors of the breed, from which they could inherit a luxurious thick coat.
The first mention of the Spitz breed dates back to the late 17th and early 18th centuries. Spitz were popular with the peasants: the dogs guarded the vineyards and herds of cattle. more precisely, in case of danger they were filled with loud barking, and the whole district ran to help.
In the 18th century, the Pomeranian was taken to the royal palace and soon the Pomeranian was registered as a separate breed. The breeders continued to work closely on the dogs, striving for their miniature size. In 1871, Queen Victoria opened the English Pomeranian Club, and since then the breed has become popular throughout the world.
Pomeranian Spitz are very active: both at home and on the street, they will happily rush, jump, run and communicate with others. Dogs are very kind, they love to meet new four-legged friends and their owners. There will be no problem when the Spitz has to be left on vacation with friends; he will also listen to them, like his people.
Pomeranians will not be able to live in the same apartment with all the animals. He will only get along with a pet that does not have leadership qualities, like the Pomeranian himself. Spitz is unlikely to be able to make friends with a cat. he can bark at her for a long time and furiously. Dogs are quite demanding, they need a lot of attention. If you do not give them communication and affection, they will become aggressive and irritable.
Spitz children are very fond of children and will be happy to replenish the family. Dogs are especially good for children 4-5 years old, at this age they are especially interested in playing with them. When the Pomeranian spitz communicates with a child of this age, he will show all his protective qualities and will protect the baby.
The thick and fluffy coat of the Spitz must be very well monitored. Every 3-4 days the dog should be combed out with a slicker and then combed with a regular comb. It is not necessary to comb out the Spitz every day, this can ruin her coat and undercoat.
If the dog is very dirty, it can be washed with a special shampoo. Before water procedures, you need to comb it thoroughly so that later there are no problems. Try to rinse the shampoo thoroughly to avoid allergies or skin irritation.
Teeth also need special care. buy a special paste and a brush at the veterinary pharmacy, so you will prevent the development of periodontal disease in your pet. Once a week, you need to clean your ears with a swab dipped in warm boiled water.
Pomeranians do not like to walk for a long time, so they can be trained to use the tray so as not to go outside every day.
It is advisable to feed the Spitz with premium dry food. The feed should be high in protein. You cannot feed the pet from the table. Sometimes the dog can be given vegetables, fruits, pieces of meat at room temperature. There should always be a bowl of water next to the food bowl.
Sweets, pork, sausages and sausages, fried, salted and starchy foods will harm the Spitz’s health. Under no circumstances should milk be allowed for dogs. it will cause bloating.
Every day, the dog needs to be combed and do not forget to trim it in certain areas. It is better to turn to professionals to design a haircut.
The dog should be taught to these procedures from a young age. To do this, you need to put the puppy on your lap every day and gently, with smooth movements, comb the soft coat.
Very often, experts do not recommend bathing a dog. It is enough to carry out water procedures once a month. Throughout this time, you should wipe your paws after each walk and carefully remove dust from the pet with a brush. Experts do not recommend bathing your pet during the molting period. It is during this period that uncombed wool can fall into unpleasant lumps, which are very difficult to clean.
Bathing should only be done with a special shampoo. Be sure to first cover the ears with special cotton swabs.
The Pomeranian is unfortunately prone to gum disease. To prevent such situations, you should brush your teeth only with the use of individual pastes. In case of any problems, you must definitely use the services of a veterinarian.
In the ears of an orange, like in other dogs, sulfur accumulates, dust particles get in, the coat gets tangled and sticks together. It is required to regularly clean the inner ear canal with a special cotton pad. This requires the application of a special ear lotion. But it is strictly forbidden to clean the ears with cotton swabs (to prevent any injury or inflammation).
This breed is prone to obesity, so the diet should be balanced with a high level of vitamins and minerals. You can choose one of the food options. special food or food prepared by the owner especially for the dog.
Advantages and disadvantages of the Pomeranian
Representatives of the Pomeranian breed are very similar to a small fluffy ball, which is due to the coat with a very thick undercoat. This is a very miniature dog, the height of which ranges from 18 to 22 cm, and the weight is approximately 1.5. 3.5 kg.
Like every decorative breed dog, the Pomeranian has positive and negative traits. The representatives of this breed have their fans who claim that this is an excellent pet, as well as those who claim the opposite.
The pluses include various factors related to the appearance and character of the dog.
- The appearance of a Spitz has its own characteristics, which include:
- strong build and straight back;
- the head is medium in size with a round, wide forehead;
- small neck;
- small straight ears (triangle shape);
- tail curved up towards the back;
- almond-shaped eyes;
- dense, straight coat, soft small undercoat.
The breed also has its disadvantages, which you also need to know about. And for some, the pros may be cons, since everyone has their own habits.
- Dogs have fragile bones, which can lead to injury.
- The spitz has a very loud and sonorous barking, it can be very annoying for someone.
- They can attack large congeners and suffer themselves in this battle.
- The weak link of this breed is its teeth (constant care is required to prevent inflammation).
- Improper care can cause problems with the cardiovascular system.
- The dog has a long coat that needs to be brushed very often and thoroughly.
Having weighed all the pros and cons of the breed, you can decide on the further choice of a pet.
Pomeranian puppy care rules
The Pomeranian, like any dog, needs proper care, attention and care. It is very important to train the dog on time and teach it to regular procedures (grooming hair, teeth, ears, eyes) so that the dog is healthy and beautiful.
Too large claws in a dog can lead to bad consequences (inconvenience when walking, deformation of the fingers) and therefore must be carefully looked after. To process the tips of the claws, you must use special nippers.
spitz in the apartment
Spitz are one of the most common breeds today. They are known on all continents for their excellent ability to perfectly adapt to different external circumstances. These dogs have a playful character, excellent hearing and almost do not give their owner any trouble, because they always obey him. Therefore, the spitz in the apartment does not present any particular problems.
Choosing a pet
The Spitz family is most often associated with the type of “sofa dogs”. Nature has endowed the Spitz with an unprecedented charm and playful character. They are so mobile and cheerful that in no case do not let the owner get bored within four walls. A shared walk turns into a pleasant holiday for both.
When deciding to buy a pet, you should consider your habits and lifestyle. For example, the Pomeranian is well suited for those who do not have children and who love to travel. The largest among the species. the keeshond. is well suited as a guard for people who live outside the city. But for owners who prefer active recreation and sports, a small Spitz is perfect.
A dog of this breed is active and inquisitive, but not intrusive and is able to retire in time if it feels that it is extremely necessary. It adapts perfectly to any environment. Easily gets along with all households and pets.
Due to its excellent hearing and vigilance, it is a good watchman. Also has a sonorous bark, which very quickly warns of alarm. Always defends the owner, as he is a loyal and reliable friend.
German miniature (or, as it is also called, Pomeranian) Spitz is a small dog weighing up to 3 kg and a height at the withers up to 23 cm.
He got the name “Pomeranian” thanks to the pomeranians who came from the USA and Canada, where this variety of zwergspits (the smallest in the group) is called Pomeranian.
The Pomeranian Spitz owes their origin to Germany, where, as a result of selection, the breed acquired miniature sizes. This was due to the interest of the nobility in small dogs.
The Pomeranian is a funny, obedient, cheerful, agile creature. Dogs of this breed are distinguished by their energy, curiosity and friendly disposition.
Currently, there are three types of pomeranians:
- type of “bear” (short muzzle, abundant undercoat, thick legs, rounded small ears, buried in a lush collar);
- type of “chanterelle”, or the classic type (longer than the “bears” muzzle, erect sharp ears, not covered with a collar, thin graceful paws, no thick undercoat);
- intermediate type (Pomeranian with features inherent in both “bears” and “chanterelles”).
Some breeders advertise their puppies as the “mini” type. Despite the fact that such crumbs look very touching and attractive, which significantly increases their sales value, these dogs suffer from pituitary dwarfism, in other words, dwarfism, with all the ensuing consequences: a tendency to various diseases, weak immunity, and a short life. Such specimens, despite the ever-increasing demand and fashion, cannot be allowed into breeding.
Spitz is great for home keeping. A small pet does not give the owner any special problems. Perhaps the only drawback of this breed is the loud barking at any knock or doorbell. This cannot even be called a disadvantage, because the dog is trying to protect its beloved owner and his family. However, you can wean you from barking. It is necessary to let the young dog understand that it is forbidden to make noise. To chide, but in no case shout and even more so not raise a hand at this cute creature. After all, the psyche of Pomeranians is quite thin, which requires firmness in education, but not rudeness.
By virtue of its natural ingenuity, the Pomeranian Spitz is easy to train, with pleasure mastering various tricks. With him, there is no need to repeatedly work out certain commands. Often, he himself, perfectly orienting himself, is ahead of the owner’s gestures or voice commands in order to achieve praise.
The main characteristic of the Spitz is his affable and good-natured disposition without a hint of anger. He gets along well with children, with other pets, meets strangers with curiosity and without anger, but if the owner treats them well. Otherwise, it is a vigilant watchman, guarding his family, his flock.
The Pomeranian is distinguished by its loyalty and selfless devotion. He subtly senses the mood of the owner. His efforts to please sometimes even have to be stopped.
A cheerful, agile dog requires active games, walks in the fresh air, loves to run on the grass, swim, loves to tumble in the snow. He retains these features until old age.
An excellent companion is another characteristic of a Spitz. The small size of the dog allows you to take it with you on long trips in a carrier or a special bag. Dogs of this breed perfectly adapt to new places, have good health and tireless energy. The main thing for this baby is that the beloved owner is near.
Overgrown claws in a dog lead to deformation of the paw, impede movement, and can cause injury to the fingers or claw. Ideally, when the dog runs a lot on the asphalt and grinds its claws on its own. If this does not happen, especially in winter, you should trim the tips of the nails with special nippers. In this case, it is important not to touch the pulp. If, nevertheless, drops of blood appear, it is necessary to treat the claw with brilliant green, hydrogen peroxide or iodine.
Bathing the Pomeranian is often not recommended. It is enough to wipe the paws after a walk and remove the dust with a brush, brushing over the coat and against. It is especially undesirable to wash dogs during molting. Uncombed wool can be matted into dense mats, which are very difficult and sometimes impossible to comb. It is best to bathe your dog with a special shampoo, after covering the ear canal with cotton swabs. This procedure is best done in preparation for the exhibition. At normal times, it is enough to treat the fur with a special spray.
How to care for a spitz
Funny and fluffy Pomeranian Spitz does not require special care for their luxurious coat, as it might seem at first glance. It is important and necessary to teach your pet to brushing regularly so that the dog does not experience discomfort during this procedure.
In addition to maintaining the coat in proper shape, caring for the Pomeranian spitz involves performing other procedures related to the appearance and health of the pet.
One of the common problems in Pomeranians is the roots of milk teeth, which do not dissolve with age, as they should normally. When changing, this causes certain difficulties: milk teeth do not fall out in a timely manner and interfere with the growth of permanent teeth. This happens especially often with canines and incisors. As a result of such “double” teeth, the bite is broken, the line is bent, the teeth grow obliquely to the side. In this case, it is better to have the missing milk teeth removed by the veterinarian.
The Pomeranian is prone to periodontitis. gum problems. For prevention, you need to brush your teeth with special pastes and, in case of problems, contact your veterinarian.
How to care for a Pomeranian dog
Hair care. Grooming
Caring for the Pomeranian Spitz involves daily combing, cutting the hair in some areas, shaping the paws and ears. This will require a set of special tools:
- Comb with sparse metal teeth;
- Massage brush;
- Scissors with rounded ends;
- Regular scissors;
- Thinning scissors.
You need to train your pet to grooming from an early age, putting the puppy on your lap and gently combing the soft fluff.
Pomeranians are distinguished by their outstanding intelligence and are well trained. If you act carefully, the dog will quickly get used to the procedure and in the future it will not be a problem.
Despite their luxurious attire, the Pomeranian is not as susceptible to tangling and tangling as some other long-haired dog breeds. The coat consists of a dense undercoat and a long, straight top coat. On the ears, head and front of the paws, the hair is short, reminiscent of soft velvet. The shoulders and neck are adorned with a thick mane, and the hind legs are fluffy “pants”. A distinctive feature of the breed is a bushy tail, laid on the back in a ring. Being the main decoration of the dog, the outfit requires mandatory and proper care.
Before combing, it is advisable to moisten the coat with a special spray. This will prevent dry hair from being split, allow you to painlessly disassemble the tangles if they do appear, and unravel the rolled hair that often forms behind the ears.
If possible, visit a specialized hairdresser, where professionals will show and tell you how to care for a spitz.
Spitz does not need a special complex haircut, but it is necessary to know the basics of grooming. over, for hygienic purposes, you should carefully trim the hair around the anus, pluck the hairs from the auricles, cut off excess hair between the fingers.
Preparing for exhibitions requires certain skills: when cutting, you need to round off the ears, removing protruding hairs, arrange a collar, trim the skirt and pants with scissors. An experienced breeder or owner of a kennel will tell and show how to care for a Spitz and prepare it for the show.
- orange and red;
- black and brown.
Other shades are also acceptable, for example, wolfish, sable, tan.
Spotted, according to the standard, can only be white dogs with orange, black, brown or gray blotches evenly distributed over the body.
The main advantages of the character of this breed include:
- Cheerfulness. Some of the most smiling jumpers. Optimists in life, love outdoor activities. They are mobile and tireless. They are distinguished by good health and great endurance.
- Security qualities. The hunting instinct is completely absent, but the guarding skills are highly developed. By their nature, they are distrustful of strangers and deeply attached to the owner, which makes them excellent guardians of the territory and excellent home alarms.
- Empathy and dedication. Representatives of the species are overly attached to the owner and his family, instantly catch the smallest changes in a person’s mood and adapt to the needs of the owners.
- Love for children. They treat the child very kindly and allow a lot. Under no circumstances will they bite. That is why it is very important not to leave children alone with pomeranian so that the dog does not get injured.
On a walk
The appearance of an orange directly depends on the type to which it belongs: standard, puppet or bearish. The main difference is the shape of the skull, otherwise they are identical.
- Standard: elongated, fox-like, with a narrow lower jaw and almond-shaped eyes.
- Puppet (Baby Doll): an intermediate type between standard and bearish. The muzzle is slightly raised and shortened, not as noticeable as that of a bear.
- Bear Spitz: the head is round, the eyes-buttons are set close to each other. The muzzle is even shorter and more flattened. Abroad, these creatures are called nothing more than “Teddy bear”.
- black with and without tan;
- blue with and without tan;
Some of the colors are more common than others. The for the purchase of puppies of rare colors are much higher than the classic ones.
According to the RKF standard, the height at the withers should not exceed 22 cm, and the weight should not exceed 3.5 kg. However, American standards allow growth up to 28 cm.
PUPPY TIPS and Tricks for Beginners | Pomeranian Puppy
Life expectancy on average is about 15 years, but the smaller the dog, the less it is assigned. Dwarf representatives usually live up to 8 years.
Features of boys and girls
Bitches are much kinder than males. Girls are affectionate and loving, and boys are beautiful and cocky.
Without a doubt, the males look more spectacular. They are distinguished by their wayward character and stubbornness, unlike girls.
Bitches are considered more docile and soft, there are no problems with the tray, because they do not need to mark their territory. Easier to learn new material and amenable to training.
How it changes with age
The older the Spitz is, the more balanced his character is. They begin to relate more calmly to the temporary absence of the owner. If you do the right upbringing, bad habits are completely eradicated.
The first signs that the dog has aged appear at 7 years old. This is more related to health. The character remains almost the same as in his youth.
Brief history of the breed
The ancestors of these dogs were wild peat dogs. Initially, animals were used to guard homes, graze livestock and guard. Over time, they began to have persons of royal blood in Germany. This breed was brought to England from the German province of Pomerania, where the name Pomeranian spitz came from.
The first white Spitz were bred back in 1700. Naturally, thanks to the work of breeders, Pomeranians these days do not look like their ancestors.
Habits and habits
These kids are very inventive and can “trick” even without training. Once they see that the owner liked the leprosy, they will reproduce this action constantly.
Some representatives of the breed can walk on their hind legs or stand in this position, others depict applause.
They love to swim and lead an active lifestyle. With great pleasure they dive into snowdrifts and roll around in dry foliage.
Teddy bear in the sink
They love travel. They perfectly tolerate travel by car, are neutral about carriers and backpacks. The main thing is that at the same time the owner should be nearby.
Eyes and ears
Like other mini-breeds, Pomeranians need regular eye and ear examinations. Low above the ground, the eyes are often clogged with dust while walking. Eye problems can be seasonal, genetic, or nutritional. After a treat to sweets (it is forbidden for Spitz, but anything happens), the eyes can water and flow. On dogs of light color it is very noticeable and not beautiful. In addition, with a tendency to conjunctivitis in ornamental breeds, this can be hazardous to health.
An eye examination is recommended daily. Clean, healthy eyes do not need to be touched. the abuse of powders and lotions is also fraught with danger. After walking or sleeping, the discharge may appear or intensify. this is normal. In this case, it is enough to wipe your eyes with a swab moistened with boiled water.
If redness, irritation or small discharge is found, you should lightly rub your eyes with a swab or cotton pad dipped in warm strained chamomile or black tea infusion (or an agent recommended by your veterinarian). It is undesirable to use gauze; its fibers can also irritate the eyes. Your veterinarian or groomer will be able to advise on any special drops or powder for lacrimal pathways. If you experience severe irritation, signs of photophobia, or heavy eye discharge, contact your veterinarian.
The ears of the Spitz are examined every few days. If small dirt is found, wipe it with a napkin or clean it with a special ear lotion. it is easy and convenient to use. If the ears turn red or you hear a smell (possibly unpleasant). you need to immediately contact a specialist for advice or treatment.
For the convenience of the dog, the heavily overgrown inner surface of the auricle is freed. the excess hair is slightly plucked out with the fingers. Around the eyes, disturbing hairs can be carefully trimmed with rounded scissors.
Learn how to properly clean your dog’s ears from our article.
How to cut a “chanterelle”
In dogs, the coat grows only to a certain length, so they are cut locally, giving a well-groomed aesthetic appearance and for hygienic convenience. Scissors go around the circumference of the ears, making them round, barely protruding from the collar (you can pluck out excess hair from the tips of the ears and the inner surface of the shell with your fingers). Long hairs from the toes are cut to form a round “cat’s foot”. Slightly trim the hair near the anus and remove the protruding strands on the sides. Sometimes, for a better positioning of the tail, thinning scissors are used to thin out the hair at the base of the tail. That’s the whole haircut.
To participate in exhibitions, you can contact a groomer. A specialist will prepare the animal taking into account special exhibition requirements.
If the owner is not going to present the pet to an official breed competition, the Spitz can do some fun haircuts. But do not forget that you cannot cut it short (and under a typewriter). the undercoat is renewed for at least 3 months.
Modern miniature spitz dogs guard, protect and graze only at their own request. now these breeds are decorative. Miniature dogs adorn our interior and life. Although their warm fur allows them to withstand moderate frosts with dignity, they are still indoor pets, and they are supposed to live next to the owner. in an apartment or house. The tiny size, delicate build and sociability do not contribute to the long loneliness of this breed. And, of course, there can be no talk of any enclosures or chains. It’s not for nothing that we included the Pomeranian in our list of the best breeds for keeping in an apartment.
This breed is also good in that it does not require long walks or great physical exertion. Of course, they also need walks, but if necessary, the Spitz can frolic or do their business without leaving the threshold of the house. These dogs are quick-witted and can easily learn to walk in a tray or on an absorbent diaper. you just want to teach them.
It is advisable to prepare for the appearance of the puppy in the house ahead of time: purchase bowls, towels, diapers, a bed, a tray, etc. Think over where the “official” place of the dog will be (he will come up with unofficial ones). Ideally, the couch should be located away from heating appliances, not on the aisle or in a draft (Spitz can tolerate cold, but draft causes them a cold). The bed should not be very soft, with a removable mattress topper.
Learn more about what a new friend will need in our article.
Of course, there will be a temptation to take a cute baby into your bed, but it is better not to do this: there is a risk of injuring the baby. And it will be very difficult to put a dog out of the master’s bed once it gets there.!
Spitz will try to move you on your own bed.
Although the Spitz are small, they also need a collar and a leash (and sometimes a muzzle!). In order to avoid problems in the future, you will need to train your puppy to a collar (harness) and a leash from childhood. It will not be difficult to do this: the breed is very intelligent and perfectly trained. First you need to show the collar or harness, give it a look and sniff, then put it on. If the puppy reacts too violently to such an innovation, distract by playing. Gradually, the dog will stop noticing him. Then you can fasten the leash and accustom the animal to it.
In order to protect the wonderful Pomeranian coat from dirt and moisture, you can wear protective overalls on it on a rainy walk. Clothes are bought as the pet grows.
Spitz walking in protective clothing
There is a well-known saying. a small dog is a puppy until old age. This is just about the Spitz. he is playful and cheerful until old age. Like any child, he also needs toys. It is better to have a couple of sets. while the dog plays alone, the second wash and hide. As soon as the “current” set of toys is tired, the reserve one gets, and the “old” one is hidden. So they will not bore the dog and the interest will remain.
Now the choice of dog toys is huge. you need those that will be safe for the Pomeranian (without small, metal parts; not torn from the effects of dog teeth). Spitz fit toys made of molded rubber, natural rubber, felt or organic cotton.
Your dog will need bowls for food and water. They should be made of unbreakable, non-brittle materials (special plastic, metal) and easy to clean. The spitz does not need a high stand for bowls due to its small stature. An anti-slip washable bowl mat is enough.
Spitz. features of care and maintenance
Elegant miniature handsome Spitz in luxurious fluffy fur coats catch the eye. Graceful fur balls are popular with both “experienced dog lovers” and amateurs in the dog world. Indeed, decorative Spitz. happy owners of a royal appearance and perky character. are very good.
But a logical question arises: how long should it take to care for this beauty? After all, all these dogs. the classic German Spitz, the more modern and fashionable Pomeranian, and the exquisite Japanese. look very well-groomed and expensive. Those interested are very surprised to learn that all that aristocratic doggies need is a minimum of efforts to bring beauty!
Teeth and claws
The procedure for brushing teeth for the Spitz is necessary. the plaque that appears can easily turn into tartar and the dog can be left without teeth at all. To prevent this from happening, it is enough to regularly brush your teeth. daily or at least 3-4 times a week.
It is necessary to accustom to cleaning at a puppy age, gently and consistently. Then throughout life the dog will have no objections and the process will be easy and mutually enjoyable. Currently, many special toothpastes and toothbrushes for dogs are produced. there are plenty to choose from. The main thing is to take into account the size of the pet and make sure that the paste does not contain harmful substances.
Spitz milk teeth begin to change to permanent ones at 5-6 months. By 8 months, as a rule, the animal already has a full set of brand new teeth. However, some representatives of the breed have such a problem: milk teeth do not fall out on their own and interfere with the growth of permanent teeth. In this case, you will have to seek qualified help: old teeth will be removed surgically under general anesthesia.
Long claws prevent the dog from walking, spoil the paws and can lead to lameness. Often, representatives of decorative rocks do not have time to grind their claws. they run on the asphalt much less than others. Therefore, the examination of the claws is carried out more often. once every 1-2 weeks.
If trouble happened and the dog got hurt, that’s okay. You can stop the blood with a swab moistened with 3% hydrogen peroxide, making sure that the wound is not soaked for some time. After trimming, you can file the claws with a nail file. A coarse file or for artificial nails will do. If desired, the claws of a decorative pet are varnished.
All these procedures can also be entrusted to the groomer. a specialist often knows and can do more than the owner of the animal, has all the necessary equipment and will cope with the task easily and professionally.
A decorative dog that has become a family member needs care and attention. They will not be needed as many as it seems at first glance. By their nature, the Spitz are neat and clean, and the Japanese Spitz’s wool does not absorb dirt and dust at all. after a walk, it is enough for him to dust himself off in front of the door to become clean again!
In addition, if you have any questions or problems, you can always contact the groomer. An experienced specialist will surely teach and help.
A unique feature of these dogs is that their fur does not need to be brushed daily, except during periods of shedding (1-2 times a year), when it really needs to be done every day. The Spitz’s coat has a thick fluffy undercoat, and the guard hair protruding from it stands almost perpendicular to the skin.
From this, the dog looks like a fur pompom with paws, which is so popular with others. The undercoat grows very slowly, and you don’t need to comb it out. you just need to comb the hair in all directions with a massage brush a couple of times a week and unravel the tangles. Particular attention should be paid to areas with soft hair. in the armpits, behind the ears, in the groin.
All About the POMERANIAN. Characteristics and Care
During shedding, the hair does not fly around the house. it still needs to be combed out of the dog, since the dense undercoat keeps the fallen hairs in place.
To care for the Spitz’s coat you will need:
- sparse-toothed comb
- comb with fine teeth
- massage brush with rounded tips
- natural bristle brush
- scissors with rounded ends
- thinning scissors
- care cosmetics for long-haired dogs
Frequent bathing of the Spitz is contraindicated. they bathe as it gets dirty, before exhibitions or once every 2-3 months (each owner knows better when his pet needs bathing).
In order to clean the wool without washing, dry shampoos, aerosols and powders have been created that bind dirt and grease (more about them in a special article). After them, it remains to carefully comb the dog. After a walk, they usually wipe their paws and comb the coat, in dirty, damp weather, put on a protective suit.
During the molting period, it is undesirable to bathe the Spitz.
What spitz are ill with
Representatives of the breed are often distinguished by excellent health, without suffering from any genetic diseases. Provided that a puppy is purchased from competent breeders (and not in poultry markets or from breeders), the owner receives a full-fledged pet with a balanced psyche and stable health. This does not preclude regular check-ups with your veterinarian. They are carried out with the following frequency:
- puppies up to a year. every 3-4 weeks;
- dogs from 1 year to 7 years old. once a year;
- older pets (from 7 years old). as needed
Like all dwarf dog breeds, Spitz have a predisposition to diseases:
- periodontal disease
- laryngeal collapse
In the warm season, pets should be examined for parasite infestation. Ticks and fleas can be seen by pushing the hair apart with a comb. If necessary, the animal must be treated with means of skin parasites (consultation with a veterinarian is desirable).
If the Spitz looks and feels good, it is not worth to once again poison him with drugs for worms “for prophylactic purposes”. It is enough to give the drug 2 times a year if the pet eats raw meat and once a year with a diet consisting only of dry food. Puppies are dewormed before vaccinations.
If there is a suspicion that the pet has become infected with helminths, you must contact your veterinarian to prescribe treatment.
The veterinarian doctor will make a vaccination calendar for a pet individually, based on the developmental characteristics and needs of a particular animal. Then you just have to follow the vaccination schedule. Find out more about vaccinations in our article.
Mini Pomeranians are dogs with good health, cheerful disposition and adorable appearance. These pets do not need super-complicated care and hyper-care. they are easy both in everyday life and in communication. It is enough to teach the puppy to hygiene procedures from an early age, and they will not cause opposition and negative reactions in the future. The simplicity of their content with a stunning external appearance is surprising.