Pomeranian: breed standard
Pomeranians are very small. up to 3-3.5 kg according to the breed standard. The average height at the withers for an adult dog is 16 to 22 cm.They are characterized by a slightly upturned fox face with a narrow jaw, a round black nose and dark almond-shaped eyes.
The Spitz have small and high erect ears, a lush collar and a slightly rounded silhouette. The tail is high and rounded towards the back, very densely covered with hair. The feet are strong and well developed, and the chest is broad relative to the size of an orange.
In addition to an even long coat, Spitz must have a dense thick undercoat, because of which they resemble balls. Contrary to stereotypes, Pomeranian Spitz are not only red, but also black, brown, cream, blue and multi-colored. There are eleven approved colors in total.
The Pomeranian is an ornamental breed, so it can be litter box or diaper trained. But an active and emotional dog definitely needs to walk twice a day for at least an hour. The puppy is taught gradually. for 10-15 minutes only in good weather.
It is recommended to comb the Pomeranian Spitz every day for at least half an hour and from the first months. During molting, you have to repeat the procedure several times a day. It is better to use a special shampoo for bathing.
Once a week, oranges need to brush their teeth with a special paste. Trim your nails regularly once every week and a half to keep them from growing back. Periodically, you need to examine the ears, and the puppies should drip their eyes so that they do not leak.
Pomeranian puppies are not completely sheared. only separate areas for reasons of hygiene. An adult dog needs to regularly trim the hair on the paws, ears, belly. Trimming a shaggy orange is not easy, so leave it to the professionals.
Features and temperament
Pomeranian Spitz are cheerful, cheerful and very playful, they love any activity and are always ready for adventures. It seems that the Spitz is constantly smiling and glad to everyone who is ready to pay attention to him. The flip side of the coin is that this breed does not tolerate loneliness very well and is not suitable for those who are constantly not at home.
Attitude towards children
The eccentric Pomeranian Spitz do not get along well with small children, so you should not have such a dog in the house with a newborn. If the child is 7-10 years old, you can already try, but here the older the better. It is important to teach the child to handle the dog with care, otherwise it will be nervous and fearful.
All about the Pomeranian. Characteristics and care
General description of the breed
The Pomeranian is a miniature decorative breed of dogs considered to be long-livers and living for 13-16 years. Spitz are suitable even for inexperienced dog owners, although they also have their own characteristics, which we will discuss further.
How much is a Pomeranian
For about 30 thousand rubles, you can buy an undocumented Pomeranian. If you need a puppy with a pedigree and all the papers, the price starts from 45 and goes up to 80 thousand. Individual puppies can cost much more.
The main causes of premature death
The most common causes of premature death of a Pomeranian are:
- Poor care and inappropriate conditions of detention. If the pet is not observed by the veterinarian, does not undergo treatment for parasites and worms, does not receive the necessary disease prevention.
- Overeating and being overweight. Like most small breeds, the Pomeranian is prone to obesity, especially in old age. And this, in turn, adversely affects the condition of the liver, heart, blood vessels and joints of the dog. Overweight pets live 4-5 years less.
- Foreign body in the intestine. It so happens that a dog picks up discarded food or scraps on the street, as a result of which a foreign object can enter the gastrointestinal tract, which causes intestinal blockage and is often fatal.
- Poisoning with poisons. One of the most common causes is rat poisoning.
- Poisoning with stale food often causes diarrhea, and in advanced cases, it can be fatal.
- Peptic ulcer of the gastrointestinal tract. With a peptic ulcer, ulcers and sockets appear in the stomach and intestines of the Spitz, which often leads to internal bleeding and death.
- Infectious diseases such as: adenovirus, carnivorous plague, infectious hepatitis.
Caring for an elderly dog
Basic rules for caring for an elderly Pomeranian:
- After 7 years of age, it is necessary to visit a veterinarian with a dog several times a year.
- The diet must contain vitamins and nutritional supplements designed specifically for older dogs.
- If the Spitz is on a natural diet, the amount of fat in its diet should be reduced by about 1/3. Some advise to partially replace the meat portion with fish.
- Walking with an elderly pet should be shorter and physical activity less intense. In this case, the dog should not completely lose physical activity and outdoor games.
- Overfeeding and excess weight are very harmful for an older Pomeranian. If the dog becomes less active, the portions should be slightly reduced.
According to veterinarians, if an elderly dog is sluggish and pharmacy is not a sign of age, but a consequence of poor care.
How to determine age?
The age of a dog, including a Spitz, is determined by several criteria: the condition of the teeth, hair and eyes.
If we are talking about a puppy, then here you need to pay attention to the number of teeth:
- A newborn puppy has no teeth.
- At 3 weeks of age, the fangs begin to erupt in the pet.
- Front teeth appear in a month
- At 2 months. there is already the entire milk dentition.
- At the age of 2-4 months, the puppy’s teeth begin to change to permanent.
- In a 6-month-old pet, milk canines fall out and permanent.
- By 8 months, the change of teeth is completely completed.
Determining the age of an adult dog by the teeth:
- A one year old dog has a full array of white and strong permanent teeth.
- At 2 years old, the bumps on the lower toes begin to wear out.
- At 4 years old, the bumps on the upper toes have already been erased.
- At the age of 5, the tubercles on all incisors are erased, the teeth begin to acquire a yellowish tint.
- At 6 years of age, the incisors acquire a concave shape, and the canines become dull.
- At 8-9 years, there is a pronounced abrasion of all teeth.
- At 10 years old and sachet, the dog’s teeth begin to loosen and fall out.
A pet’s coat can also tell a lot about its age. In young dogs, the coat is silky, shiny, glossy. In an elderly dog, it is dull, unevenly colored, in places there are bald spots.
Also, the age can be judged by the eyes.
An elderly dog often has a dull look, and his eyes are often cloudy and deep-set.
Conclusion and conclusions
For a dog to live happily ever after, it needs not only quality care, but also attention.
It should be remembered that the Spitz is a very active and affectionate dog, it should not be left alone.
Otherwise, the dog will be sad and sick. Love, attention, proper care is the key to a long and happy life of a pet.
Age versus human years
|Pomeranian age (year)||Human age (year)|
Life expectancy of a Pomeranian spitz: how many years they live at home and the basics of competent care
The Pomeranian is a miniature dog, strong, compact, with a fluffy coat and a good-natured disposition.
The average height of the Spitz at the withers is 28 cm, weight. 3-4 kg.
The head of such a dog is wedge-shaped, the skull is rounded, slightly flattened, the body is covered with fluffy hair with a thick undercoat.
The most common colors are: red, white, black, blue, cream and brown.
Quality and care
Proper care of the Pomeranian spitz includes several components.
The first thing to say is attention. Spitz are very emotional and affectionate, rudeness and indifference can cause severe stress and even illness.
The second important aspect is nutrition. The dog’s diet should be balanced, and the portions should be correct. In no case should you overfeed the Spitz, and also feed him from your table.
As you know, the Spitz has a thick and lush coat, which requires proper care. Brush your dog at least once a week, bathe monthly and perform a hygienic haircut.
The next aspect is hygiene. Clipping nails, brushing teeth, ears, cleansing eyes from secretions are prerequisites for quality care.
Separately, it must be said about molting. During this period, the dog should be combed daily, while removing the old undercoat. Failure to do so may damage the pet’s coat and skin.
Another aspect of quality care is regular treatment of your pet from fleas and ticks. In addition, once every 3 months, the Spitz gives antihelminthic drugs.
Daily walks and moderate physical activity are a prerequisite for the health of a Spitz.
Without them, his muscle tissue atrophies and excess weight appears. But do not go to extremes, excessive loads, lead to joint injuries, and also cause stress in the pet.
Walking with a puppy is allowed only after vaccination. The dog needs not only care, but also vaccinations. Until that moment, you shouldn’t take him on a visit, but on the street he should be strictly in the hands of the owner.
After all the vaccines have been received, the Pomeranian can begin to be accustomed to short-term walks. For the first walk, 20-25 minutes of “promenade” is enough 2 times a day so that he does not get too tired. The duration of the walk is gradually increased.
It is unacceptable for an orange to be under the scorching sun because of the risk of getting heatstroke. In rainy and windy weather, you need to walk, but you need to put on a special dog jumpsuit on your baby. This will save your pet from colds.
It is undesirable to walk the Spitz in deserted places, as the pet needs to socialize. It is better to choose parks and squares for walking. From his youth, a Spitz needs to get used to seeing other people and “communicating” with dogs. Otherwise, he may grow up to be a cowardly couch potato.
Before “going out” with a Spitz, it is important to learn basic commands. The main team is “to me”. The main thing is that the dog unquestioningly goes to the owner’s call. You need to keep the baby only on a leash, which is necessary for its safety. It is better to accustom a pet to a collar gradually, putting it on at first only at home for a short time. Only after he stops noticing the collar on him, you can attach the leash to it.
It is important to handle them correctly. This should be done with a sponge or cotton swab dipped in cooled boiled water. The procedure is carried out as soon as it gets dirty. It is allowed to use a decoction of chamomile or marigolds (calendula) heated to a warm state instead of water. Immediately after the procedure, you should not take the dog for a walk due to the risk of chapping the eyes.
It is imperative to take care of them at home, as they are the most vulnerable spot in small dogs. To care for the teeth of a Spitz, you need to get a special toothpaste and a brush. To prevent plaque from accumulating on the dog’s teeth, it must be removed once a week.
You can use folk remedies for this. Perfectly the oral cavity cleans a solution of 1 tsp. soda with the same amount of salt per glass of water. If you don’t have a brush, a piece of gauze will do.
During the period when the Spitz’s teeth begin to change, it is necessary to contact the veterinary office.
Where to settle?
The little dog is a big “adventurer” who will explore all corners of the apartment with curiosity. Therefore, it is important to eliminate all cracks in advance. It is better to move the refrigerator and heavy furniture closer to the wall.
PUPPY TIPS and Tricks for Beginners | Pomeranian Puppy
If there is an open balcony in the house, it is important to take care of the safety of the structure for a small pet. An inquisitive puppy can squeeze through the fence and fall. It is also necessary to think about the floor covering if it is slippery for the Spitz. In order for the baby’s hind legs to develop correctly, he should not slide them on the floor.
The mat will help to avoid troubles with the development of the baby.
All the following things should be hidden from the Spitz:
- drugs with a chemical composition;
- everything is small and sharp;
It is also advisable to remove dishwashing liquid and trash can away from the dog. If the latter does not work out, then the bucket must be covered with a tight lid.
It is advisable to place the “bed” in the bedroom so that the little pet is not lonely at night. But in no case should a Spitz be taken to bed. So you can accidentally injure the dog, besides, then it will not work to wean it from the habit of sleeping next to the owner. So that the baby gets used to his place faster, you can periodically put various “dog” toys and tasty treats there. They will evoke pleasant associations with the place of sleep in the baby and thus he will become attached to him.
How to care for a spitz?
For a beloved pet to live a long and healthy life with comfort, he needs to provide the right one. First of all, you need to keep his coat, teeth in order and observe the daily regimen. The key to caring for a fluffy coat is combing it thoroughly. The fur should not be allowed to gather in lumps. Also, the pet needs a vaccination at the age of 4 months and an annual vaccination.
In outdoor walks, the Spitz must participate in any season of the year, but the dog must also be trained to the litter box.
Proper care is also a certain routine of the day. You need to feed and walk the orange at the same time. Thus, the animal will be disciplined, and the owner will be able to streamline his regime based on what the pet needs.
Before you take a Pomeranian puppy into your home, you need to prepare a personal “home” for him, convenient dishes for food and water, a tray, special hygiene products, brushes for combing wool, including a high-quality slicker. It is advisable to purchase special scissors for the dog with rounded ends, a muzzle and ear drops. All these accessories should be purchased with a focus on a small small breed puppy.
You need to take care of such a pet carefully and carefully. Only then will the master’s efforts be appreciated by the four-legged friend. In response, he will tirelessly give him his good mood and demonstrate vigorous health.
After purchasing a Pomeranian, it is important to think over its nutrition. At first, it is better to feed the dog with the food that the breeder fed him. If this is not possible, the introduction of a new feed should be gradual, no sooner than 7 days after settling in a new place.
It is advisable to feed a miniature pet with professional dry food with high protein of animal and vegetable origin, enriched with vitamins.
Natural food from the master’s table may not suit the baby. Meals are distributed according to the recommendations indicated on the food packaging and taking into account the age of the dog.
Sometimes it is shown to add fermented milk products, vegetables and local fruits in their natural fresh form, boiled meat to the menu. Proper nutrition is usually like this:
- quality water;
- lack of pork meat, sweets, sausages and smoked meats, salty, spicy food;
- limiting dairy products, fresh cabbage and legumes.
A natural daily menu should include:
- lean beef fillet;
- chicken (pulp);
- sea fish;
- boiled eggs;
- fermented milk products with a reduced fat percentage;
- crackers or unleavened biscuits;
- cereals (no added oils and unsweetened).
- pasta, loaf and rolls, legumes;
- delicacies not intended for dogs;
- small bones.
You should never follow the lead of a dog, cute begging for something from the common table. It is necessary to cook for him separately and daily, so that the food is always balanced and fresh.
Veterinarians do not mind the use of dry food for daily nutrition. The only rule is that “drying” should be of premium class. These feeds are more expensive than the economy class, but they are made from extra-quality products with the maintenance of a balance of all valuable vitamins and minerals.
Mixed meals are allowed for oranges. But with this mode, you cannot mix dry food and natural food in one step. If the pet was first fed “drying” and later it was decided to transfer to “natural”, the factory feed does not need to be changed all at once. Once you start cooking for him yourself, switch to fresh food gradually. Mixed meals are recommended first.
Evaluate your dog’s health carefully. When liquid feces appear, veterinarians recommend returning to the previous diet. You can try again the transition to “natural” later, when the dog’s stool is completely normal.
A small pet can be sloppy at first. After all, the dog is used to being watched by his mother. If a fluffy puppy gets dirty while relieving it, wash it off with warm water and wipe it with a paper towel or soft cloth.
Slowly and persistently teach your pet to go to the litter box so that he does not make unpleasant surprises later. For example, when it will not be possible to take him on a planned walk.
When thinking about buying a vitamin complex for a Spitz, you must first get a recommendation from a veterinarian. A specialist competent in this matter will personally assess the condition of the pet, the quality of its wool and teeth, and hear from the owner details about the diet. Based on the information received, the veterinarian will conclude which nutrients the dog needs. When feeding a Spitz with food from the premium class segment, it is possible to do without vitamins altogether. Such feed already contains all the necessary complex of nutrients.
But there are times when, even when consuming the most selective food, the dog needs to be given vitamins for additional support. This is the period of molting and pregnancy, after an illness or operation, a change of teeth.
Varieties: description and photo
All representatives of the breed have a similar character, but their appearance is quite diverse, as are their habits.
These amazing dogs also have significant disadvantages:
- Talkativeness. It is necessary to fight loud barking from the very appearance of the dog at home, otherwise there will be big problems in the future.
- Squishy. Dominant features are strongly expressed. Despite their small size, they fearlessly attack large dogs, which can lead to significant injuries.
- Manipulation. These Skoda are big manipulators. Yes, they learn quickly and easily adapt to the mood of the owner, but you should not give slack in upbringing, otherwise the Spitz will take a leading position.
- Excessive suspicion. Pets are very wary of strangers, which can negatively affect the reaction when meeting guests. Initially, the pet should be socially adapted so that it adequately responds to strangers, does not bite or bark at them.
All of these shortcomings can be easily corrected if you start raising your pet in a timely manner and correctly.
Features of boys and girls
Bitches are much kinder than males. Girls are affectionate and loving, and boys are beautiful and cocky.
Without a doubt, the males look more spectacular. They are distinguished by their wayward character and stubbornness, unlike girls.
Bitches are considered more docile and soft, there are no problems with the tray, because they do not need to mark their territory. Easier to learn new material and amenable to training.
- orange and red;
- black and brown.
Other shades are also acceptable, for example, wolfish, sable, tan.
Spotted, according to the standard, can only be white dogs with orange, black, brown or gray blotches evenly distributed over the body.
Cynologists from different countries have certain discrepancies in the classification of Spitz breeds. Speaking of Germans, we mean a naturally bred European species.
These dogs were excellent shepherds and guards, which affected the character of modern brethren. They are unpretentious in maintenance, care and feeding. They have excellent health, because they practically do not have any breed diseases.
The character is balanced, distrust of people is not strongly expressed. Psychologically seem to be older than Pomeranians, who remain puppies until old age.
It is best to pick up babies at 3 months. It is at this age that the first molt occurs, and then the teeth change. Also, during this period, they are just beginning to study the world around them and more easily perceive changes, and also acquire skills with which they will have to live their future lives.
Conditionally, the puppy’s growing up can be divided into phases:
- Socialization (8-12 weeks) is an important stage of growing up. It was during this period that the relationship between the dog and the owner, as well as other family members, is formed.
- Determination of social roles (13-16 weeks). at this age the puppy tries to take a dominant position and become a leader in the house. Give your pet more attention and obedience by showing who is the boss without scolding the puppy.
- Establishment of a hierarchy (5-6 months). the desire to dominate increases, which requires more firmness and attention to the pet from the owner.
- Puberty (7-9 months). males begin to mark their territory, and females have their first estrus. They are not yet adults, but they are no longer children. It is impossible to knit Spitz during this period. It is optimal to do this in a year and a half.
Pomeranian. it is a very small dog, but with a special character. The Pomeranian loves to play and walk in the fresh air. The Spitz’s movements are light and quick. he is light as a feather. Pomeranian today. one of the most fashionable miniature dogs. He pushed competitors at dog shows. Spitz and even dogs of other breeds. But not all dog breeders. amateurs know how to care for a Spitz correctly.
Opinions differ as to how often a Spitz should be washed. Some wash their dogs only before exhibitions, others. after arriving from the dacha. Many breeders recommend washing your Spitz once a month. There are also those who use only dry shampoo for wool. Before washing, the hair of the Spitz must be combed. Modern shampoos for dogs are very mild, so frequent washing will not harm your dog.
Be sure to choose the right shampoo: if your dog is light, do not tempt fate and wash it with shampoo for dark dogs. Ears should be covered with a cotton swab before washing, and avoid getting into the dog’s eyes with shampoo. It is necessary to wash in the bath under the shower, with warm water.
After washing, wring out the coat and let the dog shake off excess water. Finally dry the coat with a towel.
The Spitz should be combed like this. Use a wide-toothed comb to brush the dog from head to tail, removing tangled hair along the way. Then go over the wool with a slicker brush in different directions.
Spitz. loyal and devoted friend. It is a very energetic and active dog with a well-developed hearing and an excellent guardian instinct. He is easy to learn, friendly and outgoing. A Pomeranian is absolutely devoted only to its owner. The Spitz has a very weak hunting instinct. He is easy to train, well trained, for example, you can often see a Spitz in a circus. This dog requires patience and control during training.
Clipping of the claws is done with special nippers. It is not difficult for light-colored dogs to trim their claws, as they show through.
Aim the lamp illumination at the pulp inside the nail, and carefully trim the nail without touching the pulp. The dark dog will have to be put on its back and look under the claw from below, find the place where the pulp ends, and trim the nail. If a wound does form, coat it with peroxide.
To prevent the nails from flaking, it is best to trim them with a nail file. Nails must be trimmed systematically. long nails lead to deformation of the dog’s gait and paws.
Spitz loves to bark to attract the attention of their owners. So that the barking of the dog does not cause inconvenience in the future, it is necessary to keep the spitz from excessive barking as a puppy. It is also necessary to ensure that the puppy does not leave his marks everywhere. Male Spitz are prone to this behavior.
Drying is done with a special dog hair dryer with good power. The most important thing is not to burn your dog with too hot a jet of air. Place the Spitz on the table. Dry your paws, back, sides. When you dry areas where long hair grows, use a comb to separate lock by lock and dry each of them thoroughly. After drying, the dog needs to be shaken off.